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This Program is Captioned

Live Tonight - fasten your

seatbelts. The market is worried about worried about September 2011

turning into something that we

had in September 2008 with

Greece basically playing the role of Lehman

Brothers. Despite the

Australian market hitting

two-year lows, the Prime

Minister says don't panic. It

is very important, though, that

see that turmoil, that here in

Australia the fundamentals of our economy are strong. Lateline. I'm Steve Cannane.

Bill Bratton has been dubbed

America's super cop. A former

police chief in the tough

cities of New York and Los Angeles his policing methods

are credited with cutting crime

and murder dates. David

Cameron has called on Bill

Bratton to help deal with

London's gangs. Can American policing practices be

transplanted into another

culture. Bill Bratton will be our guest from New York city

tonight. That's coming up.

First our other First our other headlines. Blame game - the interception

of two more asylum seeker boats

triggers another round of

political name calling. Pakistan denies US charges that

terrorist who a being at that

the American embassy in Kabul

were an arm of Pakinstani intelligence. The global

economy is entering a dangerous

chief Christine Lagarde. It is place, according to the IMF

a view backed up by World Bank President Robert Zoellick who says

With the fate of Greece and

other economies hanging in the

balance tonight, there are

fears Europe and the US could

again slide into recession.

Australian shares hit their lowest point lowest point for two years and

the dollar took a tumble as

investors fretted about the

possibility of a global

downturn. John Stewart reports. In Washington finance downturn. John Stewart

International Monetary Fund and ministers at the joint

World Bank meeting heard a

blunt message. . The world is

in a danger Joan. In 2008

see the turbulence coming.

Leaders have no such excuse

now. The new IMF chief also

warned that time is running out

for world leaders to stop

Europe and the United States

from sliding back into a

recession. Time is of the

essence, in our mind there's no

doubt, and it is not just for

the United States, it is for

would say more generally all

our members. World markets re

racqueted to the warnings as

investors saw signs of economic

weakness. As selling

accelerated on Wall Street

analysts estimated more than a

trillion US dollars in market

value had been wiped out this

week. You might say that the

market is worried about

September 2011 turning into

something that we had in

September 20 2008 with Greece basically playing the role of Lehman Lehman Brothers. It was a

rollercoaster ride on

Australian markets with Australian markets with the ASX

200 diving nearly 2% at the

start, before moving higher at

one stage then closing lower. The All Ordinaries Index was

down 66 points. The Australian

dollar was also hit dollar was also hit hard,

trading well below parity. The Australian dollar overnight

was one of the two or three

across all asset classes. That across worst performing risk assets

really reflects the increasing

concern that it is good to be

leveraged to China in the good

time but if this things start

be quite as exposed. The Prime to wobble people don't want to

Australians the Minister was quick to reassure

Australians the local economy has survived other international market turmoil.

It is very important, though,

that people understand even as they see

they see that they see that turmoil, that

here in Australia the fundamentals of strong. And at the United Nations General Assembly in New York, the Foreign Minister,

Kevin Rudd, delivered a

Kevin Rudd, delivered a similar message. We must absolutely vigilant as we have message. We must remain

learned from the experiences of

the last several years through the Global Financial Crisis of

2008, this is a wild beast, the

global economy. Our job is to

tame the beast to the Exchequer greatest extent we can. In

Australia we're well positioned

and we are strong in so doing. Asian stocks fell today

with some hovering around their worst weekly losses since

2008. Wee what we have is a same thing that's

happening during the Great

Depression. If you the

Americans political leadership

do not handle the situation

well, I think the US is heading

for a recession for the next

few years. South Korea's main

index lost index lost 4.8% and weak

economic data out of China sent

Taiwan's main index sliding by

4% and Hong Kong's down 2%. John Stewart

Lateline. Joining us now in our

London studio with the latest

development on European markets

which have been opened for a

correspondent Phillip Williams. few hours is Europe

What's the latest on the

European markets. The wild

beast here as Kevin Rudd put

it, has been up and down in

that order. It went up slightly, a bit over 1% it is down, let's have a look,

the FTSI is down 1 .6, the

French market is down 2.6, and

the German market 2.2. Add that

to yesterday's losses and we're

looking at between 5 and 8%

losses on the major European

markets. It is further bad

news and there doesn't seem to

be anything to stop these

falls. There's been plenty of

market reaction say about the is warnings of impending disaster

political response? It says it

simply hasn't worked. We have

been listening to leader after

institution saying something leader, ibs tution

must be done. We've good got

to stop this rot. It simply

hasn't worked. The market is

ahead of those politicians

saying we don't believe you and

we're not convinced by what's

being said. The latest to add

his voice to that was the

British Prime Minister David

Cameron. Here's a little of

what he said. We're into the quite staring down the barrel,

but the pattern is clear. The

recovery out of the recession

for the advanced economies will

be difficult. Growth in Europe

has stalled, growth in America

has stalled. The effects of

the Japanese earthquake, high

oil and food prices have

created a drag on growth, but

fundamentally we are still

suffering from the aftershocks

of the world financial bust and

the economic collapse the economic collapse in 2008. The flashpoints is still Greece which of course is

waiting on a 8 billion euro

payment of course that relies

on austerity measures through in Greece. What will

be the people in grease react

to that? Will they wear those austerity measures. ? This is

the big problem now. There are daily demonstrations. There are protests yesterday it was transport, we have had teachers

out on strike, everybody saying

enough is enough. We can't take take this pain any more.

bad that civil unrest can go.

How far can you squeeze that

Greek lemon. Many people are

saying let it G let Greece

default and build the walls

around the rest of the

European, the Eurozone

experiment. Greece is a lost

case. They can't pay their

bills pack. Phillip Williams

thanks very much for talking to

us. Thank you. In the

us. Thank you. In the studio

for his perspective on the

market turmoil is correspondent Stephen Long.

What's driven all of this? A

confluence of factors really.

Clearly the big picture is

fears of recession, fears that the advanced economies are

headed for a fully fledged

recession, that you'll see governments or sovereigns

default on their debts,

possibly banking collapses.

There are technical factors.

The intervention by the US

Federal Reserve a couple of

days ago, Operation Twist, to

some extent has backfired. It surprised the markets, it surprised investors, it

surprised investors, it wasn't what they wanted, and the way

it has been done in a technical

sense has meant a lot of

had to under wind bets on what would happen with stocks, with

bonds, with currencies, with

commodities and that's added to

the problem. Let's talk about

Operation Twist. Some of the

head liebs are saying Operation Twist not worth shouting about. What's been the failure of

Operation Twist? In theory, you can see what the Federal

Reserve is trying to do. What

they've done is they're a whole lot of short dated US

Government bonds, 400 billion's

worth and buying 400 billion of

long-term government bonds. 9

reason they're doing that it is

those long-term bonds in

America that really set the

interest rates for home

borrowers, corporate borrowers,

in theory, and it has pushed

down those rates, indeed, to record lows for those long dated bond rates. dated bond rates. People are

saying how can it work? We've

had all this easing, interest rates are already there isn't the demand in the

economy. You're pushing on a

string. It won't work. It is

like running up a dead on our a

mention to pay or the visa with

short bonds. The market is not

buying it. It has made some

trading difficult and added to the volatility. Where is the

economy at compared to three

years ago when Lehman Brothers

crashed. It is in the as bad.

We were on the brink of a

financial system and the flow of lending absolutely dried up.

We really headed into a very

deep recession. deep recession. We could have

headed for a depression T

didn't go that far. It may be

a question of yet. There are extraordinary things happening. We've had

We've had those US bond rates

fall to record lows. We've had

the downgrade of the Italian

Government's debt. Now we've

seen Italian banks downgraded. The Italians The Italians alone owe 120

billion euros. They have to

roll over 120 billion euros

worth of debt. Never mind

Greece. A huge economy like

Italy. They fear a nexus

between the banks and

governments leading to a down

pardon spiral. Gold is not a safe

safe haven at the moment. We've

seen the gold price fall as

people have had to liquidate

gold stocks to meet positions

on other investments. The

ven. Normally you it invest in

one thing if it goes bad you

can invest with something else. The wild The wild beast, The wild beast, as Kevin Rudd

put it in such a terrible

state, there doesn't seem to be

a safe haven. That hasse more

news implications for the financial financial system. Is Australia's safe haven? We're

in a better position because

Asia is growing in the emerging

markets. We've seen chaks in

China. manufacturing output fall in China, commodity price are

falling. Australia is not

immune if this gets bad enough.

Clearly I would rather be here

in Greece, Italy in Greece, Italy or anywhere in Europe or the US. Stephen Long, sthantion F thanks for coming in. You're welcome. Two new

boat arriving of north-west

Australia have plunged the

asylum seeker debate in a new round of political mud-slinging. As other of being to blame for the arrivals, serious questions continue to be asked about

human rights aspects of the

Government's Malaysia plan.

From Canberra other's our political correspondent Tom

Iggulden. It is the issue the

Prime Minister just can't shake. Tony Abbott has made

it clear he's reckless about the national interest. The destruction of her Malaysia

Solution has her pacing the

hallways and blaming Tony Abbott. He is terrified the Malaysia arrangement will

work. Mr Abbott's promising to

vote down the Malaysia Solution

legislation, but says he's still for offshore processing.

We invented it. We have got

the patent on it. It's got to

be the right offshore

processing not the wrong

one. The stakes have been

raised in an all too familiar

manner. Overnight, two vessels were interdicted by Customs and Border

asylum seekers are being taken

to Christmas Island. The

government says they've come

because people smugglers have heard the Palestine solution is

off. Tony Abbott is the best

friend people smugglers have

ever had. When he has said he

wants to stop the boats, that

wasn't true. Whenever he says

it in the future, it should

never be taken as being true by the Australian people. They are

hysterical comments from an

unhinged government that's

deeply divided on this

The hysteria is being fanned by both sides in this debate. They're both desperate to score political points. In

the middle of the debate today

the Commonwealth Ombudsman, who

was giving evidence at an

inquiry into the Malaysia deal,

he's not satisfied by assurances that Malaysia assurances that Malaysia will

protect the human rights of

children and victims of torture. Those are all exceptionally vulnerable individuals and it is

areas in particular that we

feel procedures need to be much more clearly elaborated and

published. He says the Government hasn't been

forthcoming about how it would

plan to deal with vulnerable people. Despite several

requests to see all of the documents, they haven't even

now been provided to us. The

Ombudsman's office is also concerned the agreement with Malaysia isn't legally

binding. The issue of too agreement can result or too agreement can result or interfere with, say, Malaysian

judiciary's imposition of a

penalty is not something we're

certain of. A Labor Senator wasn't happy with the apparent

undermining of the Government's

policy. Mr Asher, isn't that a

policy matter over which you've

got no jurisdiction to

comment. The Ombudsman says it

is his duty to report on the issue. And ensure that the

immigration values adopted by

Government and in of both Australian law and

international obligations, are

fully respected. Malaysia says not

not to worry. We know the high standard that the Australians have

have with regards to refugees.

We will certainly follow the bidding of what the Australian Government wants. But the

Minister admitted that asylum seekers sent from Australia

could be caned if they break Malaysia's immigration laws. We are thinking of dropping such

punishment in future. Caning or

not, the Malaysia Solution's

all but a hypothetical

at some stage soon the

Government's going to have to

decide how it moves on without

it. Tom Iggulden, Lateline. An

emotional state funeral has

been held in Kabul for Afghanistan's assassinated chief peace negotiator and

former President. Berhanudeen

Rabbani was laid to rest the

peace foster appeared to be falling apart. Pakistan's has threatened to withdraw

cooperation with US forces in

the region. The threat came

after the Americans accused Pakistan's intelligence agency of running the Haqqani

terrorist network. From Kabul, correspondent Sally Sara

reports. He helped establish

the Mujahideen who drove out

the Soviet invaders, but now

his death has the potential to

set back hopes of a peaceful

end to the latest war. high Peace Council chairman was buried on a hillside

overlooking Kabul. There's a

great deal of shock anger and

grief among professor's

supporter those walking with

him in the peace process are

worried there will be no way to

have a negotiate the settlement

between the Afghan Government

and the insurgents. President

Karzai is now looking for a

replacement to lead those

talks. The country's

Opposition Leader is calling on

the President for an

explanation. He says it was Mr Karzai who called back professor Rabbani to meeting with his killer. He

has to explain, he has to

answer, to the people of Afghanistan. The United States says Pakistan also has

questions to answer. It is accused the accused the Pakinstani government of involvement N

Haqqani Network before. Now

it's gone a step further. It's claimed the organisation blamed

for last week's attacks on the

US Embassy in Kabul is actually

an arm of Pakistan's

intelligence agency. The

Haqqani Network for one acts as

a veritable arm of internal services intelligence

agency with I S I support

Haqqani operatives planned and

conducted that truck bomb attack as attack as well as the assault

on our embassy. Pakistan denied

any involvement during talks

with the FBI. If you say that

it is ISI involved in that

attack, I categorically deny.

I categorically deny. I categorically deny. We have

no any such policy to attack or

to aid attack Pakinstani forces. Pakistan is

a key ally for the US in the

region. Now Islamabad says those accusations have placed

that relationship in the UN General Assembly

Afghanistan seemed to side with

the US calling on Pakistan to

do more to stop terrorist attacks. Clearly, without cooperation

cooperation from regional and

international partners, notably the Islamic Republic of

Pakistan, this strategy will

not succeed. There was talk of strategy on the side lines. Foreign ministers are

laying the ground work for an international conference on

Afghanistan in December. As

the rest of the

look to the future, Afghanistan

is struggling to deal with the

current wave of attacks. Sally current wave of attacks. Sally Sara, Lateline.

Now to tonight's guest. Bill

cop. For his role in cutting

crime rates in New York and Los

Angeles he's recently been asked

asked by British Prime Minister David Cameron for his help to deal with the deal with the gangs in London. Bill Bratton is now the

chairman of Kroll, a risk chairman of Kroll, a risk consultancy company and he Johns us tonight from New York

City. Bill Bratton thank you

very much for joining

us. Pleasure to be with

you. You've been asked to

advise the British Government, particularly on how to tackle

gang violence. What kind of

advice will advice will you be giving them?

To put that request into

perspective, the Home Office is conducting a two-day conference

on the issue of gangs in October. I have been invited, along with others, to

participate in that conference,

to talk about the American gang

experience which I think some

of our issues are relevant to

the situation that the British

Government now finds itself

in. Tell us more about that what's relevance to the

American gang experience to

British experience? First off,

the British gang experience is a

a relatively new phenomenon in

the sense it is about a 20 or 30-year-old experience. Here

in the United States,

unfortunately, our gang experience go back to the

1940s, our African American

gangs go back to the 19 60s. We have multi generation experience and multi

generational mat due racial of

gangs in the United States. A

lot of what the mistakes that were made and a lot of the

successes that we've had I

believe would be applicable to

the British situation as their

gang situation is beginning to emerge in a emerge in a more problematic

way in terms of more violence

as they saw in the recent

riots, there seems to be some belief that the gangs were somewhat involved in some of

the instigation of some of the

activities that occurred. Much

the same as over the last 40 years, American and British

police services and indeed

Australian police services have

sought to improve learn from each other,

similarly in this area, there's

a lot to learn from the

American experience in terms of

what's worked for us, what

might in fact work might in fact work for the British, such as gang

intervention initiatives which

are very strong in the United States, a lot of the

understanding about gangs work,

how they under act with each

other and their constant

involvement in violence and drug related activities. Let's

talk more about your experience the LAPD there. I'm sure you

had plenty of successes, I know did

did you in that area n busting

up gang movements in LA. Tell

us a bit about that and

that can apply to the UK? Los

Angeles unfortunately remains

the gang capital of the United States and it has the largest

number of gangs and the largest number of young men and women

involved in gang activity. In

the city of Los Angeles, where

I was chief in 2002 to had 400 documented gangs with approximately 40,000 documented

gang members. In the County of Los Angeles the larger 10 million population area,

similarly, a large number of

gangs with over 100,000

documented gang members.

Because of the multi

generational nature of the gang

problem in California, we have

very good record keeping on who

are in gangs, how gangs are

classified, how they're

structured. The good news we've learned over the years

how to better deal with them.

There will always be gangs but

the focus has to be on controlling their violence,

controlling their intimidation.

During the 7 years I was chief

in Los Angeles and the two

years since I've left my

successor, every year gang

crime the categories we

classify have gone down to the

extent that gang violence is

down by an over 50%, gang

homicides down by over 50%, so we have learned through strong

police intervention, strong police

police use of gapg

interventionists, strong

involvement with the community,

how to control the violence.

There always will be gangs, there always have been, but

what you want to do is what you want to do is control their neck tiff activities and

in doing that, at some pointed in time you're going to

dismantle some of the gangs or

always the scenario you want is

to control their violence. Hue

order, the president of the

association of chief police

officers in the UK sure I want to learn about

gangs from LA, an area of

America that has 400 of them.

If you look at the style of

policing in the states and

their levels of violence, they're fundamentally different

from the UK. How do you respond to those comments from

a man that you previously

called a friend? He's still a

friend. I'll be seeing Huatang

next month. We have a strong disagreement on this issue.

Look at it this way. We had

doctor that would be the

equivalent of 400 patients.

Would you not want to have

dialogue with a doctor who treated 400 patients with the same disease as your patient,

the idea being maybing there's

something to learn from

somebody in the case of Los

Angeles for over 80 years has

been dealing with this disease?

In recent years has it some significant success in reducing

it by more than half. I strongly there's nothing to be learned

from us. British and American

police services police services have

generations of learning from

each other. I received

command of the British Empire award from the queen for my

work in strengthening relationships between the

United States hand British

police services. That statement by

statement by hue was incorrect.

In terms of the issue of

dealing with gangs and how to

deal effectively with them, the

gangs need to fear the police,

not fear in terms of that we're

going to be brutal in our dealings with them, but

fear that their activities are

going to generate police

action, police attention,

police interruption of that activity. We've shown

increasingly we're very good at

interrupting that activity and

stopping it. How do you stop

younger people joining gangs.

I understand that's the

ultimate goal to stop them

getting into gangs in the first place. Exactly. What's happened in the United States

so many of

coming from broken homes, from school environments that are

not what they were when I was

growing up, they're seeking to find something that gives them

a sense of worth, a sense of

safety, and so it is up to

Government, it is not just a

police issue, police are a

critical component of it, to

find ways to interrupt the

cycle of young people being

drawn into gangs by having

better schools, by having

activities that attract young people, structure. This is not

structure. This is not an easy

system or situation to fix.

The good news is in the United States States increasingly we have been getting our arms around

this issue around have had some

significant success. We are

not where we want to be, but

we're a long way from where we

used to be in terms of our journey. We're talking about importing US police heading to

the UK. I'm wondering if you would like policies from the UK to the US like

like gun restrictions. In the

US you have a situation where you've got

you've got four times the

murder rate mostly due to

in the US. The problem in my

country, unfortunately, is the

issue of guns. The violence

that we see associated with

gangs or in general in our

domestic situation, in our our

suicide issues, in our violence on our streets, is

significantly impacted because

of the prevalence of

insake policies or lack of policies in my country. The

British are further along in

this issue in that the majority of the police are still unarmed and insist and insist on remaining unarmed

because they have a su society

that fortunately has nowhere

near the problem with guns that

we have. As a police chief in

LA and New York, were you

actively lobbying for more gun

control so you could reduce the murder rate in the US. I'm poster boy among American

police chiefs for sanity in our

gun policies. We have an organisation the national association that have

intimidated Congress so instead

of bowing to the will of the

public have bowed to the will

of this lobby group the NRA.

It is a shame, a disgrace, but

that's the reality in our

country. As to your question

about what we can learn from

the British. I've been

learning from the British for

40 years. I got my start in

noticed as a young sergeants in

Boston when I modelled a

policing program in Boston

after the British style of

policing. That

exists in Boston to this day.

It is what got me noticed as a

young sergeant, a rising star

in the Boston police

department. For 40 years I've

been looking all over the world

for the best policing system.

I'll beg, borrow and steal from everybody who

idea. One of those ideas what

the broken window s theory a

big part of your policing career which came

career which came out of a paper their two sociologists

wrote 30 years ago. Explain to

us the philosophy of the brop windows theory and why you think it works? Broken windows

is a theory articulated by

George Wilson in 1982. As a

young police sergeant in Boston

I had been living in the 70s

and 80s in the United States and in Britain

police had been on dealing with

may crime. The idea being that

the causes of crime were

believed by our society, racism, poverty, demographics

unemployment. We came to

understand those aren't the

causes of crime. They're unflentions on crime.

Sometimes more impact full than

at other times. The cause of

crime is human behaviour. What we had been doing in the 70s we had been doing in the 70s

and 80s we've been excusing a

lot of human behaviour and

police had not been police had not been focused on

minor types of crimes. We had

been focusing on murders rapes

and rob bees. People

experience them very

frequently. What they seerns every day with the so-called

broken windows of our society.

Street prostitution, drug

dealing, graffiti, aggressive

begging, drink ing inpublic, things that we the police were

not focusing on. In the 190s

we adopted a philosophy called community policing. One of the

strategies of community policing was If you pay a tension to the

little things, the public will

see that, it restores order to

the streets, and in dealing with the little things, you also strengthen your

deal with major crime. It is

like weeding a garden that you

pull the weeds out before they

destroy the flowers and the

trees or in medicine you deal

with as a doctor looking at a

cancer patients, you want to

watch for that melanoma on the

skin and deal with that before

it becomes a full-blown cancer. Timely accurate broken windows, it is why

policing in my country became

so success full in the 1990s

and in the mists of this recession we're dealing recession we're dealing with, we're still seeing significant

reductions in reductions in crime in

reductions in crime in the United States. We've finally got it right in the

1990s. Let's talk about how it

was implemented in the 1990s in particularly the New York City. The Economist he talks about

the drop in crime in

there. He said it was not to

do with the broken windows

theory. He said proper and

violent crimes had dropped by violent crimes had dropped by 20% and were declining when you

became police chief. He said

the crime dropped every in the

1990s not just in New York

where the broken windows theory

was implemented. Let's was implemented. Let's talk

in about all of the argument

have been discounted as time

past. New York city past. New York city in 1994 to 19195 when I was Police Commissioner there implement

not is only broken windows, it

is a strategy, it is one part of a number of strategies

including problem solving

system, the accountability

system that was created in New

York. New York City from 1990s

to 1993 was experiencing crime

drops of one or two% a year. Start ing in-1994 when I became

Police Commissioner aund rude de-July yar knee

a 12% decline in crime, the

second year 15%, every year

since crime has gone down no New York. 700,000 reported

major crimes in 1990. This

year New York City will report

about 125,000 part one crimes.

New York City also in 94 95

accounted for about 25% of the

overall crime decline in the

United States. The economic argument, he has his argument, he has his position,

I have the facts on my was there I saw it happen. I

saw it happen in New York and

continue to happen to this day

in the city I'm living in

again. I repeated it in 2002 to 2009 in Los Angeles. Stephen

level vet think hes the fact on

it attributes the drop in crime

to other factors. He says

there was a 45%. there was a 45%. ... Police

were the most significant

factor in reducing crime in New

York City. Continue to be the

most significant factor in

reduce crime in American cities.

Angeles, there were other factors strong political

leadership, community policing,

the idea of police finally

understanding that we had to work in partnership work in partnership with our communities to establish priorities. The idea of

focusing on problem solving, focusing on problem solving, not just isolated incidents but

the problems causing those

incidents, lastly, return what

the British created in the 18

00s, sir probt peel all of our

democratic police something

based on, the idea of prevention.

democratic society our role is

to prevent crime to, control

human behaviour and prevent it

hand correct T we're the most essential element. essential element. If we're

not functioning efficiently and

effectively, then the rest of

the criminal justice system is

not going to either. In the

90s we were the principal

catalyst in my country the Federal Government our national government for the first time

engaged in that partnership,

hired 100,000 additional police

across the country.

crime have been debated.

crime have been debated. There

is a new book come us out

Bundamba by one you have Bundamba by one you have our

leading criminologist and researcher. His book clearly

attributing the decline in crime

crime in New York the major

reason being the New York City

police department and the new

policies and practices that we

adopt ed. Broken windows

policing, come stat policing

problem solving policing. The

good news is like a doctor, who is dealing with a disease, have now discovered a number of

medicines to deal more effectively effectively with reducing the

impact of that disease. Can we

cure it? No. As long as have people you have crime.

Can we deal significantly and

effectively with the impact,

particularly in preventing if from occurring in the first

place, yes, and that's the good

news of about what's going on

in policing. Certainly in my

country and since we all learn

from each other your country

and Britain as well. We've run and Britain as well. We've run

out of time unfortunately.

Thanks very much for coming in

pleasure to be with you. Thank you for the opportunity. 20 years after the collapse

of the Soviet Union many

Russians have ever been better

off. The country's supermarket

are full of food and consumer goods

goods previously way beyond the

reach of ordinary citizens and now freely now freely available despite

the improvements more Russians

than ever say they're unhappy.

It is a worrying friend for the which holding an important Congress this weekend a

gathering that may at last

answer the central question of

Russian politics does Prime

Minister Vladimir Putin plan a

return to the presidency. Norman Hermant reports. Slava

and Inna Pulukarova are a

post-Soviet success story.

They're Moscow kitchen is

filled with the appliances that

would have been unthinkable in

the USSR. The stove is

imported. So is the coffee grinder. Step into the living room and it is But despite all the apparent prosperity, more and mores like

these look back and wonder. TRANSLATION: We TRANSLATION: We left

something good in those times,

failed to bring it to current

life and maybe we still drag

something bad. Russian cities have all the trappings of rising consumerism, complete

with Ikea and mega malls.

Within polls suggest more

Russians than ever, nearly one

quarter, want to leave. Sociologists say the trend is

unmistakable. We see that

more and more people now think that something has gone

wrong. Despite a steady diet wrong. Despite a steady diet of favourable coverage for

Government on Government on broadcast media, Russians give it disastrous

reviews on the cost of living,

medical care and corruption. Part of the reason more Russians than ever are travelling outside the country

and this expert says when they return, they don't like what

they see. Russian they see. Russian people are

travelling and ask why we live

as not Germany or Spain as not Germany or Spain or other countries. Two decades after tebs of the thousands

filled the streets of Moscow to

turn back an army coup and give

birth to a new country, it

seems more and mores think in

many areas things are now worse

than they were in Soviet times.

I think that Russian see situation really and

situation 20 years ago when was

Soviet Union and many people

see that situation in the fear

of sphere of education and

medicine not good. There is

anticipate been no mass protest

but discontent could pose

problems for the ruling United party in party in December's parliamentary elections. It

will be on the agenda this

weekend when United finally name Prime Minister Vladimir Putin or perhaps

President Dmitry Medmedev as its next presidential

candidate. For much of this year, the question of just who United Russia will choose has

dominated politics. There's no

shortage of speculation that

Vladimir Putin wants to return

to the presidency, that Dmitry Medmedev is ready Medmedev is ready to step

aside, or even that the current

President may run against the

current Prime Minister. One

thing is certain, top down managed democracy

whoever United Russia picks

will be the overwhelming favourite to win next

year. Manly is through to next

week's NRL grand final after a

26-14 victory over Brisbane at the Sydney Football Stadium.

The Sea Eagles scored five

tries to the Broncos he three. Manly will face the winner of

tomorrow night's second preliminary final in Melbourne

between the Storm and the New

Zealand Warriors. And in the

AFL Collingwood has advantaged to thrilling 3 point victory

against Hawthorn at the MCG.

Now to the weather. A shower

or two for Sydney, Canberra,

Melbourne and Hobart, a

possible late shower in Brisbane, mainly fine in Adelaide, mostly sunny in Perth and Darwin. And that's all

from us. If you like to look

back at tonight's interview

with Bill Bratton or review any

of Lateline's stories or

transcript s you can visit our website and follow us on Twitter and FaceBook. Ali

Moore will be back on Monday

night. I'll see you again night. I'll see you again next

Friday. Enjoy your night.

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