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Tonight on 7:30 SA - how Adelaide work shop helped a terrorism survivor move on.I'm here because no-one ever gave up.Why proposed tax changes have winemakers hot and bothered.A lot of them are in trouble because that's the only profit a lot of them get.From Balaklava to the world. The nation's best young bowler.She was a breath of fresh air. This Program is Captioned
Live. Hello. Thanks for joining us on 7:30 SA,. First off, "one unknown estimated female". That was how rescuers Adelaide woman Gill Hicks after She
the London terrorist bombings. She was so badly injured that doctors debated whether to pronounce her dead. Today she has a second life, a new baby and a new set of legs made at the Repatriation Hospital by an extraordinary team of technicians.I will get you to take the leg off.Gill Hicks saw the worst of human behaviour. blew her legs off in London in 2005. But every day since then, she has seen the best that people are capable of.Take some steps on the here because of of humanity. I'm here because no-one ever gave up. I will never, ever tire of talking about the greatest gift to me and what has define ed and changed my life forever was my wrist band and all it said on that morning was "one unknown estimated female". That's how I arrived at hospital. Everything that happened to me, people that risked their lives, so the paramedics, the police, they all went into in that carriage, in that tunnel, not knowing if there'd be a secondary device, not knowing if the tunnel would collapse. They've all done that to save this "one unknown estimated female" and to save That
as many lives as they could. That to me says everything. move on with the others fought to save, Gill Hicks needed legs. An initial she
set were fitted in London once she was well enough. Today her current legs are getting some adjustments, though not the one Gill Hicks would like most.I tried to make sure I got a bit more height. They saw through that because they do an anatomical measurement, I was trying to stretch as much as I could. Didn't fool them. But I did manage to blag a bit more life I
height, in my totally human life I was 5'1 and 5'6
hovering around - I was then 5'6 but Australia brought me back down again because they said I was too tall. I'm back which is
at a normal level, but not 5'1, which is good.Gill legs were made in Adelaide at the Repatriation Hospital ortotic and prosthetic unit. It is a specialist unit run by Sally Cavanett. Depending on the type, a new limb can take up to 45 hours to make. The relationship with amputees, though, lasts forever.To be able to take somebody from is not always a place of despair but at the very start of their process, to enable somebody to just stand Normally everyone has a goal, it might be to see one of their children mar married or to -
walk back into their work place - that's a big one "I want to work"
walk back into any place of work" or "I want to be able to grasp my own". Very simple things we as technicians can enable the attachment of the physiological to the mechanical and actually have a useful device. It makes you feel very useful. I couldn't imagine doing anything else.They have been turning out useful since this facility was in 1968. That was during Vietnam. It was a land mine from that war that first brought Graham Harris here.Me leg was bits and pieces of bone and same with both because I picked the boots up and had look at them. The were good but the rest of us was chopped up. I never felt nothing. Me mate called out said he has lost his leg, I said "Don't worry mate, I've lost both of mine".His first legs were made of wood, crafted in the tradition of 'One size fits all'. This current tailored set uses titanium, joints.You
computers and powered joints.You have to plug them in every night to recharge them because it has a Lithium has
battery and a computer which leg.
has all the information for the leg. Brilliant. The Rolls Royce ... just walking, it has made a big difference.It is particularly astonishing not only that he walks but he wears his legs from 7 in the morning to midnight on a daily basis. Graham
We've had activity monitors on months
Graham for a period of three months and day in, day out he is a routine man and to bilateral above-knee amputations and to walk with a prosthesis is extraordinarily brave and it is very inspiring. to
He would use 200% more energy to do any daily task compared to ourselves or able-bodied people.These days 80% of amputations in Australia are the result of vascular disease. Traffic and industrial genital
accidents, cancer and con genital limb loss account for the other 20%. Sally Cavanett limits only three or four limbs in
service personnel are lost limbs in the past decade. Prosthetic limbs are funded by varioused bo, veterans - only goes
various bodies but the funding Hicks
only goes so far. When Gill Hicks became pregnant, needed to swim to maintain her health. But to do that she also Cavanett
needed special legs. Sally Cavanett says, as a survivor of terrorism, Gill Hicks had 100% coverage. But others may to fund the gap themselves and with specialist prosthesis, that can be dollars. So, next month, Gill Hicks is fronting a Day breakfast to raise money for and awareness of the hospital's work.It is a great source of research, of progression, of people that have completely dedicated to creating better lives for those who have suffered such incredible loss. It is a that, sadly, I hope people never have to know about but if you are involved in it and have to have it as core as your life, then it is essential.Sally Cavanett describes herself as mechanic. It is not a hardware,
analogy. She provides the hardware, the individual provides the go.You have to have the heart. You have to have the determination and you have to have the focus. Different wars from different times brought Gill Hicks and Graham Harris to the same place. It is determination that's taken them forward.I have always brought my kids up to believe "No such thing as can't". If you can't do it one way, do it some other way. don't quit.I have been reminded of this human element to us that's ingrained. It is there. We get up, we forward, we move. It is about forward. Tax can be a taxing subject so when debate over tax is described as a barbecue stopper, it happening in the State's wine regions where winemakers say a proposal to change a rebate will slash jobs and businesses. that's
It is an Australian industry that's often toasted especially in SA. But times are tough for the wine industry.I think the profitability of the industry is declining significantly. We are still exporting around 60% of volume but our value has dropped to around Australia
Winemakers Federation of Australia is tackling the difficult times by creating a 7-point action plan for the some
industry.We have identified under
some 33 actions and they fall under seven headings.It has taken the plan on a road show, with
host k forums - hosting forums with winemakers across Australia.The Federation has taken the forums far and wide.7:30 SA attended the McLaren Vale forum but was asked to leave before question and answer session with local winemakers began. One of those winemakers is Liberal Senator Sean Edwards who has a winery near Clare. The Senator says what the cameras didn't see was the anger in the room. It was directed almost entirely at the Federation's plan to reform the WET or the Wine Equalisation Tax as it is known. This will lead to the demise of many businesses in regional Australia. Given that nearly two-thirds of the wine industry is in SA, in this country, it will have a dramatic impact. The WET is a 29% tax on a wholesale price of wine. To reduce the tax's impact on wine regions, winemakers can claim rebate, capped at a maximum of half a million dollars.The WET rebate is for small-medium producers particularly areas such as here in McLaren and other areas, is a rebate of that tax to those that are investing, have skin in the game and are investing regional Australia.It was intended to help regional economies but many, u including the Winemakers Federation, believe the rebate is being rorted by so-called wineries. That's where winery
businesses that don't own a winery or vineyard sell bulk wine cheaply and dlektly to - directly to a major retailer such as Coles or Woolworths in order to claim the rebate.We tax arrangements if you like that can be put into place that the rebate can be accessed when it shouldn't. We have anecdotal evidence of that.The word the WFA has used is the rebate is being rorted? .That's emotive it. I
and mischiefus of them to use it. I find it disappointing they would talk about an industry which they look to represent and bring it into disrepute.In July two companies
Australia's biggest wine to
companies called for the rebate to be scrapped all together. While the Winemakers Federation hasn't gone that far, it has called for it to be limited to winemakers a substantial investment grape growing and wine production. That means a winemaker must process at least 70% of its vintage in its facility or have other substantial investments in cellar doors or tourism infrastructures. Tom Harvey is a McLaren Vale winemaker. says while his company has a major investment in the local community, there are questions as to whether wineries like his would qualify under the propose changes.The Wine Equalisation
Tax, we are not dissimilar from hundreds of other wine companies around Australia, it is a necessary part of our sustainability.Tom Harvey's concerns aren't just for his own winery. He is the chairman of the McLaren Vale Grape, Wine and Tourism Association. He region
says many winemakers in the region are concerned the consequences,
changes could have unintended consequences, stopping genuine winemakers from accessing the rebate.Tax reform is over.
something people's eyes glaze over. The Wine Equalisation Tax in the wine industry has been a barbecue stopper people have been concerned with any reform because they are unsure of the
the consequences might be down the track.A fellow McLaren a
Vale resident, Philip White is a renown ed wine writer and long-time critic of the WET. It was brought in at the same time as the GFC because Government wanted to tax wine at a higher rate than 10%. Philip White describes it as a bad idea from the start.Because it is so confusing and complex, it was easy to rort from the start. To me it was obviously going to be twisted and abused. While that continues, it is not doing what it was set out to do, principally to help little buyers.Philip White believes there needs to be reform but says the Winemakers Federation hasn't gone about it in the right way, such as keeping the asking
media out of its forums and asking industry journalists not to report on what's been said.While they insist on having secret meetings through a little handful of people here or there, that's not consultation.Senator Sean Edwards says the tax was tightened up last December to more than
stop the rebate being claimed more than once on the same understand
batch of wine. He doesn't understand why the Winemakers Federation is proposing less financial support for the industry when the Government isn't asking for it.I'm not aware that Joe Hockey is going after this. I can't understand why the Winemakers Federation is raising this issue given that the industry - the last thing it needs is withdrawals of support from government, from the terms they are talking.The Winemakers Federation is still in its consultation phase. Many of its members hope there'll be some changes to the plan before the final document is released next month.The main concerns that come through are whether in pushing these reforms, that we don't pick up in an unintended way, genuine businesses that are providing employment and opportunity in the regions. this week is anything to go by, transport policy will feature heavily in next year's State election. In a moment we will hear from former Transport chief Derek Mike Sexton has this report. Steven Marshall came to me the other day and he said "Tony, let's do them both. Let's do them both".APPLAUSEOn Sunday, the PM was back in election mode promising a billion dollars to unclog traffic snarls.While we are about it, let's try to get the whole North-South corridor upgraded within a decade. Let's face it, we have been talking about it since 1968.That was Hall
the year Liberal Premier Steele Hall unveiled MATS. Short for Study. A
Metropolitan Area Transport Study. A series of freeways and road upgrades designed to revolutionise the city.The MATS plan was scrapped by Labor. The Liberal by contrast will develop a master plan. A Infrastructure
first order of business for Infrastructure SA. We will ask them to come up with a fully costed prioritised project plan for the North-South continuing
corridor.The MATS plan cast a continuing production in patronage which was seeing the tram network pulled apart.We had a beautiful tram network back in the 1950s and we decided to tear it up. This is about putting back in a tram network into SA.The Premier on Monday unveiled a 30-year $36 billion transport plan that includes restoring trams parts of the city. Electrifying real lines to Gawler and Seaside and upgraded far north highways. $7 billion is forecast to come from the private sector with the other funds.Even
29 from State and Commonwealth funds.Even if you take the most pessimistic view about our capital spending in the future, there will be many billions of dollars that could be applied to these projects. Which are first, which are the are things we can have debates about.It didn't take long. By Thursday the Federal Government million
confirmed it wouldn't spend $76 million for the electrification of the Gawler rail line previous Labor
had been promised by the leaving
previous Labor Government leaving the project in limbo. your
Derek Scrafton, thanks for your time.Pleasure. Nice to be here.What's the point of having a 30-year plan when politicians can't go three days without arguing? I think you need to have something that tells you where you are and where you would be like to be, a desirable future even if it is not an achievable future or it is very expensive or whatever. At least you have community has
something to look to. The community has been calling for be
this for about 20 years. Let's be fair to these people and put it on the table.You talk of a vision but the point of having it is to get there. How important is bipartisan? If politicians could keep their noses out of it and let it be a technical report, at least until the people have commented on it and then they can decide what's good and bad about What do you
it.What are the priorities? What do you think we need? One say we want to make the present system work better. They don't say how. But there is a lot of detail in it. Maybe when the technical reports come out, there will be material that will help a little to see how they are dirty
system.They are daggy and dirty and make people cross but transport
buss are the pack horses of our transport system.Exactly.I
gather from this plan, everyone is in love with trams. You are not though? Let's be fair again, this is a worldwide phenomenon. Everyone likes trams and trains. But no-one wants to pay for them.Do you get a good transport system, though, if you concentrate on those as this plan If you make sure that the existing bus system is still in terrible to
good shape. It would be into
terrible to put all this money into trams and trains to serve a comparatively small proportion of population if didn't look after the other. All that will help is the fall
public transport riders will Transport
fall away.The current Transport head says spending is tapering off at the moment rather than increasing. We are wanting to balance the budget and put money into a Future Fund at the same time. this achievable? That's the $64,000 question. But but they have to be prepared to look at numbers like that. The other thing that's important is it is not just that capital. It is what impact does this have on the operating talking about
could be, as it is, we are talking about 300 million a year, it could be a lot more.You buy a bigger and better transport system but you have to have the money to run it and pay for it.Or a willingness to pay for it too on the part of the people who ride it. At the present time, we have customer ratio of 25%, 27% if we are doing well.One of the greater roles is to kick in $7 billion. Presumably that would be mining companies. Why would they do that? Well, that's a question to ask them. that
The interesting thing there is that the government sees that private sector role in the mining profits. If you ask the miners, they will tell you it is the government's job.
There will be a lot of horse trading.You have been instrumental in a number of plans, all of which are now gathering dust. What makes you remotely confident this one will be anything different? Well, they didn't all dust. The Obahn did mix politics with transport technology and even the report acknowledges it is the wasn't
corridor. Even though that The fact
wasn't my technical solution. The fact is it works. If can get something that works, it doesn't matter what technology you use.Thank you for your time.Pleasure.

Spare a thought for Year students this week their final exams. Among the 13,000 is Renee McPharlin the Horizon School in who has more on her plate than just the three Rs. The Balaklava bowls club is a serene place midweek. The only activity is card shuffling and reflecting on past glories displayed on the walls. Until the serenity is disturbed by the current ladies champion scampering through the clubhouse on her way to the greens. She is Renee Renee
Or to use her full title - Renee McPharlin, best young lawn bowler in Australia.A giggle sums it up pretty much. It is hard to believe really. Quite often she is down here at the club, Balaklava, bowling by herself doing the drills set before her from the Australian coaches, drills she has to score results and send in her results to her coaches as well. So she is often here many hours each week doing that all herself.It all began eight years ago when her father Kim took up lawn bowls when his knees told him days were over. Renee and her brother tagged along.They stirred me up and then started practising siblings had talent and used it to gather spoils from the sport.We'd make it out we couldn't play against each other so we'd both win which would mean both win the prizes. Get a DVD, then the other one was Food land. One of us would win the DVD prize and one would win the Foodland prize so we could get a DVD and have food to watch the movie. That was good fun.The next stage Renee's career was like something from a movie. SA needed another player for its senior members
under 18 side and one of the senior members at Balaklava put her name forward to the selectors.He rang up and said "There is a 9-year-old girl here that is quite consistent but she is only 9 years old". Hence she went down and had a bit of a tryout and because they needed five, she made the team.She had the club bowls and, look, really from that first onset, I mean her bowls were just really quite out there but she could correct, just straight away she seemed to have that knack of correction. She was a breath of fresh air. We called her squirt, she was much smaller than me then. She was just a delight. Initially the coach-player relationship between Fay Luke and Renee McPharlin was something like a more
mother and daughter. Now it's more like best friends.Fay has taken a different spin on us
coaching. She mucks around with us but has seriousness to it. She says she will cut our ponytails off or put pepper on our tongues. That's brought the best out.They had short bowls and would get frustrated. We have done things like sing and do silly things. I would Grr and turn around and they would think how embarrassing. Then we got to cutting an inch off the ponytail. First they didn't know how much an inch was.It may be fun but Fay has around junior bowls in SA. A decade ago the State could barely get a team. Now it is disappointing if they compete for gold. At the score of the success is Renee McPharlin and dk dk dk who old - Breanna Dickson who bowls for sal.. They were both selected to play Zealand.Everything is taken seriously. We train hard. We work at being wholesome people, school work is important, how their manners are, ask them to say thank you to the clubs we trained at, picked up our rubbish and just made us be very wholesome people.For Renee McPharlin, the sport-life balance has been tested this year as she approaches her Year 12 exams and keeps up to work on the greens.She plans ahead of when she has to do her training and her school Her school work has been a focus for her this year. She has a good balance, a great group of friends. We are involved in lots of things in the community other than just bowls, netball, basketball and church. She has a really great balance to life.Winner of the Taylor female bowler of the year award is Renee McPharlin. But school work and training took a back seat earlier this year when she was named under 18 female bowler of the year at the Bowls Australia Awards in honour. Thank you
Bendigo.This is such an honour. Thank you so much. First of all I'd like to thank my parents and my brother. I it wasn't
couldn't be where I am today if it wasn't for them. I would like to thank Fay Luke who has been the most influential person on my career. Thank you. Congratulations Renee. Also the first under 18 I have heard thank her brother. She has done well.We are best friends so it seemed fitting to thank my brother because obviously I take my parents away with me for many trips throughout the year and he is left, which I think he does kind of like, by himself at home but I think it was just - to honour him in what a good brother he has and I look up to him.Quite often I'm working or sitting at home and mum and dad are away and sending through messages, am looking at my phone going "I hope she's won". It feels like if I was
I'm there. I couldn't imagine if I was there, how nervous I'd feel for her.For Renee McPharlin, the next few weeks are for final exams the results of which will determine if she can pursue a career as either an occupational therapist or teacher but she will keep spending hours on the greens too, working toward her other goal of a place in the senior Australian side.It will be hard to make the bigger jump but with the help of Fay and a few other coaches, if that ambition is there in the future, I definitely hope to succeed in everything I plan to.Good luck to her. That's the program for this week. Have a great weekend. Goodnight.

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