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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. Good evening, I'm Ricardo Goncalves. Tonight: The NSW Bushfire emergency - firefighters work through the night, ahead of worsening conditions.The original prospect for some rain on Tuesday evening has uesday evening has now gone.As thousands heed evacuation warnings - three youths are charged for lighting fires. And Sydneysiders cautioned about increasing air pollution as smoke blankets the city.

smoke blankets the city. Also coming up: Japan's population decline - why this generation's disinterested in sex. Checking the forecast. Hot north-westerly winds in the east ahead of a low. Patchy rain in Victoria and parts of central Australia.

rain in Victoria and parts of
central Australia.

rain in Victoria and parts of
central Australia.

central Australia. First tonight

central Australia. First tonight - the latest on the NSW bushfire emergency. Currently there are 67 fires burning across the state - seven out of control. One emergency warning is in place - the state mine fire burning near Lithgow. Three fires are on a watch-and-act status - at Hall Road in Balmoral in the Southern Highlands, Mount York Road in Mount Victoria and a blaze at Springwood along Linksview Road. The greatest areas of concern span thousands of hectares near Lithgow - along with separate blazes in the upper and lower Blue Mountains. With strong wind gust forecast in the coming days it's feared those fires will converge to form one massive blaze on the outskirts of Sydney itself. SBS reporter Manny Tsigas is in the Blue Mountains for us tonight - he filed this report. Here along the Darling Causeway, RFS volunteers have been digging in their backburning efforts to try and keep these blazes apart. The first, in Victoria, where 5000 hectares have been destroyed, the others the State mine fire. The RFS says those ire. The RFS says those backburning efforts appear to be working but falling embers remain a concern and residents should cern and residents should remain vigilant. Those residents in areas such as Duggan and Bell have been let back on to their properties on a day when more than 255 firefighters were deployed to try and put out these blazes. Two major fires separated by res separated by just a few kilometres. The blazes are in danger of merging. The ferocity of the fires is taking firefighters by surprise. We knew by surprise. We knew it was dry but we didn't realise exactly t realise exactly how quick it would move. It quick it would move. It was phenomenal.Volunteers were pushed to their limits. Backburning efforts are sent into overdraft. -- overdrive.Some of the volunteers that normally deal with grass fires, having had experienced recently... Stuff explodes.The dry heat and steep terrain throughout the Blue Mountains adding to the danger. We find ourselves in between two major NSW fires. Here are my left is the Mount Victoria fire, and these letters have been lit by backburning efforts by backburning efforts to make sure the fire o make sure the fire does not move towards this other one here on my right, which is the State mine fire. Over there, 40,000 hectares of land has been burnt, and the perimeter is about 300km, so any land between them that can be saved will be a huge help. The RFS commissioner once again applauding the bravery of cruise, but with conditions set to worsen in ditions set to worsen in coming days, the chance of more fires merging has not been ruled out. ing has not been ruled out.We said we cannot rule out that the fires will get out and run in a very aggressive, fast moving fashion.A state of emergency remains in place. The worst-case scenario is not too far away. Earlier today we came across cruise from the Victorian -based bushfire service, showing the sheer magnitude of volunteers that have come to NSW to try and put out these fires. The commission refer directly to the Black Saturday fires in Victoria, saying a lot of lessons were learnt from the disaster. 200 homes have been destroyed across the state, and one person has died. He says this is a common nation of good luck and good management. In many areas people are being evacuated from their homes. But as some leave, there are reports of looters moving in. Police have arrested three youths for allegedly lighting fires. An 11-year-old, a 14-year-old and a 15-year-old have been charged. Firefighters from across the country are travelling to NSW to help their colleagues. Interstate firefighters - now around 300 helping the NSW effort. Around 800 expected by tomorrow night as everyone braces for Wednesday. That's when it's feared high winds and low humidity will see catastrophic fire conditions statewide.The original prospect, two or three days ago, for the potential for some rain on Tuesday evening has now gone.No rain, he says - though today, thunder and lightning in the state's west.Some of the other challenges we are seeing across NSW at the moment... As his Deputy Rob Rogers tweeted that in 33 years he'd never faced a more challenging fire scenario than the next 48 hours. Last Thursday, a frightening foretaste - this vision, filmed by a volunteer firefighter driving through the Blue Mountains.Gun it, gun it, gun it, gun it.Last night firefighters deliberately lit fifteen kilometres of the Bells Line of Road, in a bid to stop two Blue Mountains fires from joining to become one mega blaze.If it comes off and works, it's a wonderful fire-fighting effort. There's every likelihood on investing in a strategy like that that it will breach, it will fail. But so far, the high-risk, aggressive back-burning has largely paid off - though spot fires are tonight hampering efforts in the State Mine Fire. According to the Emergency Services Minister, the practice has grassroots support.It has worked because locals were involved in the decision-making process at the fire front and that is so important.And it's a tactic that will be used on blazes across the state. In the Southern Highlands 200 firefighters are working on a 14,000 hectare fire. Burning embers are being blown towards the village of Wilton and surrounding areas. Commissioner Fitzsimmons says he's more confident that these containment lines will hold. In the Hunter Valley, police have charged two boys - aged 11 and 14 - with starting fires.It saddens me that young people could actually not see the consequences of this sort of reckless behaviour.Stories of looting are circulating on Twitter. The NSW Police Commissioner says anyone caught faces up to 14 years jail.It's probably the worst thing you can do to a victim of a bushfire who's either lost their home or left their home in order to save their lives. Please understand that I'm very serious - you're on notice.Rena Sarumpaet, World News Australia. And smoke from the fires has travelled more than a hundred kilometres towards Sydney. The blanket of pollution is alarming health authorities. Air pollution readings soared in Sydney with the south-western suburbs most heavily affected.As much as possible, try to stay possible, try to stay indoors to avoid exposure to the woodsmoke. If you are in your car, used reverse cycle air-conditioning.Experts are also calling on people to avoid exercise in outdoor spaces, with no improvement likely in the coming days. Meanwhile, the Abbott Government has defended its decision to tighten the eligibility rules for Commonwealth disaster payments. The Opposition has described the move as heartless, but the government says the money is reaching those most in need. For bushfire victims, disaster payments are modest, but welcome, assistance at a time of great distress. But for now at least, access to the emergency money has been restricted.This is a heartless decision at the height of the fires to tell people in need that they won't have the Commonwealth Government's assistance.The government provides $1,000 to eligible adults and $400 for each child.That's being made available to people whose homes have been destroyed, whose homes have been damaged or who have sustained an injury.But people who've had to evacuate their homes for more than 24 hours, or had water and electricity cut off, won't receive the payment.The decision that the government has taken is to initially provide assistance to those who have been directly and immediately affected by way of home being damaged or destroyed.Under the previous government, the payment had gone to a wider group of people, including those affected by the Queensland floods.The concern is they haven't explained in any way why there should have been this drastic restriction of assistance.The government says the payments are targeted at those who need them most.As the situation develops the government will continue to assess the situation.Tony Abbott has seen first-hand the ferocity of the bushfires. On the weekend he put aside his Prime Ministerial duties and once more volunteered for his local brigade.Look he wasn't doing it for the publicity, he was doing it because he's been serving as a volunteer here in NSW for over 12 years.Like so many others in NSW, he laboured through a gruelling 14 hour overnight shift. Richard Davis, World News Australia. And the NSW bushfire crisis is leading many global bulletins tonight. This is how they're seeing it. This is a CNN News Centre alive from Hong Kong. Our top stories today. Australia's biggest city under threat, firefighters battled the wall of flame that could soon stretched for hundreds of kilometres. The fires cover a huge area of NSW and have reached the outskirts of Sydney already. Australia's biggest city. Coming up on World News Australia - the day's other headlines, plus what the latest research tells us about diversity and discrimination in Australia.

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A Roma couple is due to appear in a Greek court tonight over the suspected abduction of a four-year-old girl. Her discovery has prompted thousands of calls from parents with missing children. The blonde-haired, green-eyed girl, named Maria, was found by police last week in a camp in the town of Farsala. The couple was arrested after DNA testing showed they were not related to the child. Police say they will need help from Interpol to identify the girl in a Europe-wide search. In Syria, at least 30 people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack in the government-controlled city of Hama. State media said that rebels had driven a truck loaded with over a tonne of explosives into a government checkpoint. Most of those killed were government troops. It comes as efforts continue to get some kind of peace process off the ground. The Arab League says talks will take place in Geneva next month to discuss ways of ending the 2.5 year civil war. To other news around the world tonight. Authorities say they have now recovered the bodies of 43 people who were on board a passenger plane that crashed into the Mekong River last week. Investigators believe they've found the black box of the plane, but cannot retrieve it because of difficult conditions. More than half of the 49 passengers were foreigners, including six Australians. A bomb has hit a passenger train in southwest Pakistan, killing at least six people.

In New Zealand, work has started on the Pike River mine re-entry operation. The $8.8 million plan includes the use of air force helicopters to help remove debris from the top of a ventilation shaft. 29 men were killed when an explosion caused the mine to collapse. Their families have been campaigning ever since to have the bodies retrieved. France's Foreign Minister has summoned the US ambassador over newspaper reports that the US spied on millions of French phone calls. The report in Le Monde was based on leaks from the ex-intelligence analyst Edward Snowden. It suggests that the National Security Agency monitored the calls of businesses and officials as well as terrorism suspects. Prosecutors at Cambodia's Khmer Rouge tribunal have requested the life imprisonment of two of the regime's surviving leaders. The men are charged with genocide and crimes against humanity including torture, enslavement and murder. The UN-backed trial is scheduled to conclude this month. Australians embrace multiculturalism but are not so supportive of new arrivals. And about one in five of us has experienced discrimination. These are the results of the latest Mapping Social Cohesion report, which tracks immigration and harmony in our community. It also found that trust levels towards our government and fellow citizens are steadily declining. What's constant is sense of belonging, sense of pride in Australia, that's held up at a high level.Monash University Professor Andrew Markus, supported by the Scanlon Foundation, has released the Mapping Social Cohesion Report, now in its sixth year. And the findings make for interesting analysis. Although 84% of respondents support multiculturalism, there was polarisation over asylum seekers.

polarisation over asylum seekers.
Just 18% support permanent settlement - down from last year. While 33% are in favour of "turning back the boats" - up from last year. And the negativity doesn't stop there.Probably one big change this time has been level of discrimination, there's much higher levels of reported discrimination in 2013.In the past year about one in five Australians was discriminated against for their skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. And while we expect our politicians to take action, we don't necessarily think they will. Trust in government has dropped consistently over the

Trust in government has dropped
consistently over the past few years, from 48% in 2009, to just 27% in 2013.

Trust in government has dropped
consistently over the past few

consistently over the past fewI would be careful in drawing too many conclusions from the last six years, because I would hope that the last six years were exceptional, rather than the norm, in Australia. We need to look at things that enhance our social fabric, look at the things that make us stronger.I think it is timely to look at, you know, what are the resources coming into the settlement field, clearly they contribute so positively to our economic success and our multicultural success, so I think we do need to make sure that our resources match that.Comedian Nazeem Hussain, host of SBS program 'Legally Brown,' says casual racism is rampant within society.I think some people just don't want to see racism, or they don't want to accept that we do have racist problems in society.But, compared to the rest of the world, Australia is on the right track.If you think of the experience of Australia in the past six or seven decades, the fact it has been transformed by postwar migration into a country where almost one in two people were born overseas or has a parent who was born overseas, and the fact that we've done this without social division, it's nothing short of a social miracle.Sarah Abo, World News Australia. To other news headlines around the country - and the national inquiry into child sex abuse has been told parents and staff of the YMCA NSW were also victims of a staff member's predatory behaviour. The Commission is looking at how the YMCA and police handled allegations against 26-year-old Jonathan Lord, who's been jailed for 10 years for a string of sex abuse offences against children. Counsel representing the YMCA told the hearing the organisation extends its sympathies to victims, including staff who had trusted and believed Lord. And 10 people have been arrested following an 18 month investigation into an international drug syndicate. More than 1.9 tonnes of pseudoephedrine was found in a vanilla powder mixture, seized in the joint task force operation. The mixture is a precursor to the drug known as ice, and is thought to have a street value of up to $100 million. Eight Canadians and two Australians will face court.

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And the Australian share market has seen some strong gains to start the week, closing at a fresh 5-year high.

week, closing at a fresh 5-year
high.

high. After the

high. After the markets closed, department store retailer David Jones revealed that its CEO, Paul Zahra, is to resign for personal reasons. Qantas continued to descend - NAB was the only one of the big four banks to finish lower. Tokyo's Nikkei rose as Japan posted a trade deficit for the 15th month in a row. Markets in Europe are mixed in opening deals. The Australian dollar is stronger against the greenback. It's also firmer across the other major global currencies. And on the commodity markets, gold is up - oil is down. Well, it could be argued that sex

that sex is a normal and healthy component of a relationship - indeed, the foundation of population growth.

that sex is a But in

that sex is a But in Japan, young people seem rather disinterested in intimacy - suffering what is called "celibacy syndrome." Patrick Abboud from SBS program The Feed takes a closer look. They are young and single. Dateless, but not desperate. Japan's 20 to 30 somethings are not interested in sex. The country is suffering from celibacy syndrome. With some of the lowest birthrate figures on record, there are more people over 65 and less people under 15 in Japan than anywhere else in the world. The country is experiencing the try is experiencing the steepest population decline on the planet. It sits at 126 million right now, but that has consistently stronger the past decade. This ticket, developed by ticket, developed by local researchers, shows Japan's population dropping by one person every 10 seconds. The nation could perish into extension within 1000 years unless young people start reducing more. The number of single people has reached record highs. A bunch of studies found that nearly 50% of Japanese women aged 0% of Japanese women aged 18 to 34 are single. Men are supposed en are supposed to be at their hormonal prime in that age bracket, but no. More than 60% of Japanese men of % of Japanese men of the same age don't have a girlfriend or e a girlfriend or wife. Another report says that one third of people under 30 have never been on a date. It's probably a good time to point out that we are talking about heterosexuals. There is no data on same-sex relationships. And it seems they've all got a bit of a lacklustre at libido. The Japan finally -- family planning Association found a significant number of people don't like sex. More than on't like sex. More than 40% of Japanese marriages are classed as sexless. If you look at what's going on between the sheets and other countries, the Japanese might ntries, the Japanese might as well be a nation of asexual. A recent global sex survey of 26 countries found that 53% of adult Americans at 82% of Brazilians have ans at 82% of Brazilians have sex once a week, compared to only 34% of Japanese. So why is this generation so turned off getting late? Some say it's because of changing gender roles creating a new breed of women who no longer f women who no longer want to stay at home. In the past two decades, Japanese women have nese women have become more independent and more career driven. Leaving no time to fit men in. Others blamed the men, generation obsessed with anime girls and cybersex. Or spending their money on the latest tech toys, on the latest tech toys, not real women.

tech toys, not real women. All round, experts fixated on this phenomenon say this phenomenon say the Japanese ladies and gents have fewer shared goals and less in common than ever before. Whatever the case, if they don't start ase, if they don't start hooking up soon, it could be seen are for Japan. And you can catch The Feed at 7.30 Weeknights over on SBS two. Returning to our top story now - the bushfire emergency in NSW. Four people have been killed and seven others injured after a blast in the Russian city of Volgograd. Back to the bushfire emergency. And conditions in the coming days are expected to worsen for firefighting efforts, with strong winds forecast for tomorrow and Wednesday. SBS reporter Lisa Upton spent the day saving her mother's property from an encroaching Blue Mountains fire. Her story - similar to those of many across NSW. My mother has lived in the Blue Mountains for 20 years and this is the first time our house has ever been threatened by fire. You can see here that she is right in the bush, and while it is very beautiful, is also potentially very dangerous. Mum is away, so I've come to collect what I can. Obviously I can't take much, so I'm focusing on paintings and photographs. The things that can't be replaced. This is a photo of my brother and me when we were little. We reshot e were little. We reshot the same photo about 20 years ago, obviously we are much bigger. The wheelbarrow is much bigger too. rrow is much bigger too. My mum loves these photos so much. They are definitely coming with me. I'm still hopeful that mums l hopeful that mums house will be OK, but if it does go, at least you'll have a few things. -- she will. It's quite here on this street. It is blanketed in Hayes and very quiet. Some people have already packed up and left, going to relatives places. Others are staying put for the moment. aying put for the moment.If you live in the Blue Mountains you do have some sort of a fire ve some sort of a fire plan. Our family has won. We have a won. We have a car packed. On Tuesday night, with personal stuff and people work on stuff like that, so if we are asked to leave we can leave without any problems, quickly. We have been in the Blue Mountains for n the Blue Mountains for quite sometime, so we are used to fires. We lived through the 1990 41 and the later one. We know what to expect.That brings us to the weather now, and the forecast... In the major centres, showers in Sydney, Adelaide and Melbourne. Storms in Darwin. Sunny skies in Brisbane and Perth.

Melbourne. Storms in Darwin. Sunny
skies in Brisbane and Perth. Looking further afield, showers in Wellington and Christchurch. Storms in Nadi. In south-east Asia, storms in Singapore, Kuala Lumpor, Bangkok and Port Moresby. Showers for Denpasar and Jakarta. Further north, cloudy in Tokyo, Taipei and Beijing. Showers in Hanoi and Manila. Sunny in Seoul and Hong Kong. Heading West, sunshine in Baghdad, Beirut and Delhi. Sunny also in Islamabad and Tehran. Partly cloudy in Mumbai. To Europe, rain in London and Madrid. Showers for Stockholm. Clear skies in Moscow, Athens and Warsaw. In Africa, clear in Cairo and Dakar. Partly cloudy in Addis Ababa. A few showers in Algiers. And storms in Lagos and Johannesburg. In South America, storms in Asuncion and Panama City. Partly cloudy in Santiago. Clear skies in Rio de Janeiro. A few showers for La Paz. And for North America, sunny in New York, Washington and Havana. Cloudy in Toronto and Vancouver. Rain for Mexico City. And grey skies in Miami and Los Angeles. That's the world this Monday. For the latest updates you can head to our website or follow SBS on Twitter. I'll be back with you tomorrow night. Good night. Supertext captions by Red Bee Media - redbeemedia.com.au.