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Asia Pacific Focus -

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(generated from captions) embarrass Caroline, she has been nominated for her coverage of the events of this week. Well deserved and good luck.Thank you very much. I would like to pay tribute, there will be a public memorial for Clair Ramsden. He is a racing pioneer but on a personal note, I'd like to thank him for the numerous and notable scrapes he extricate ed his son Michael and myself from growing up as naughty children.They wore black arm yands in the Caulfield Cup.They did.Through all the trading the Giants have picks one and two with five days remaining and surely if rival clubs are serious, it is time to sit at the table and get one of those. I have said it before, I would sell the farm for Tom Boyd who will go pick one. If you can't get that, at least grab pick two.If you have the farm to sell, you certainly would. That's the program for this week. Thanks for watching. Bye. Captions by CSI

residents in the lower Blue Mountains town of Springwood and Winmalee are preparing to evacuate if a fire in the area intensifies this afternoon. Four main bushfires in NSW remain downgraded from emergency status but crews are preparing for flare-ups as the temperature rises. Firefighters are continuing to backburn and extend containment lines around the Lithgow, Mount Victoria, Springwood and Balmoral fires. The Rural Fire Service has confirmed the loss of 208 homes so far. Meanwhile, two teenage girls have been charged with lighting a fire in Sydney's south-west . Police say the girls were seen lighting fires Friday
in a reserve at Bonnyrigg on Friday afternoon. Two people remain in hospital after a the NSW Central
balcony collapsed at a party on the NSW Central Coast last night. The verandah on the two storey home at North Nowra gave way around half past 9, States
injuring five people. Arab States have called on Saudi Arabia to take up its place on the UN Security Council a day after the kingdom announced it was rejecting the non-permanent seat. Saudi Arabia had accused the world body of double standards and expressed disappointment at its failure statement,
to act on Syria. In a short statement, a group of Arab ambassadors called on the Saudis to reverse their decision so they could defend Arab and Islamic issues at the UN. The French President Francois Hollande says a schoolgirl whose deportation sparked mass protests can come back to France but only without her family. Leonarda Dibrani had been detained on a school bus in front of her school mates and sent back to her father's homeland of Kosovo. and
That caused a student outcry and Mr Hollande says any such be
intervention from now on would be banned during school hours. But the 15-year-old schoolgirl says she won't come back to France without her parents and five siblings who lost their battle for asylum. Around 1,000 suburb
people marched in the Melbourne suburb of Brunswick last night calling for an end to violence against women. The Reclaim the Night march was first staged in Melbourne in 1979. It was moved from the city centre last year after the rape and murder of Celebrations
Melbourne woman Jill Meagher. Celebrations are started at the Sydney Opera House for the iconic building's 40th birthday. There will be a commemorative flotilla, a giant cupcake and a birth sing-a-long Elizabeth
with Jimmy Barnes. Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the building on a day when gale force winds were blowing. Economists recently put a taking into
dollar value on the landmark, taking into account land and cultural value, ticket sales and tourist dollars, they came up with a figure of $4.6 billion. Those are the latest headlines from ABC News.

This Program is Captioned
Live.

Pacific
Hello and welcome to Asia Pacific Focus. I'm Auskar Surbakti. Coming up - Australia renews its support Indonesia's sovereignty over the controversial Papua provinces, but is it enough for Indonesia? the race
Mission to Mars - India joins Red
the race to find life on the wanted to
Red Planet. All my childhood I wanted to be an astronaut. We are desinned for exploration, the human kind. We can't survive on the earth for a long time. Some day we are to go to other planets. Why not we start today?

India's Mars mission later in the program. Just weeks after Prime
he came to power, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott held his first overseas meeting with Bambang
Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, a sign of how important the new government views the Indonesia's
relationship. On the agenda was Indonesia's sovereignty over the provinces of Papua. Mr Abbott was clear on the issue, pro claiming rock-solid support for Indonesia. Papua was in the spotlight again at the APEC summit in Bali when three activists breached the walls of the Australian consulate. Mr Abbott maintained his stance, warning people not to use Australia to grandstand against Indonesia. Jim Middleton spoke to the 'Jakarta Post' editor-in-chief Meidyatama Suryodiningrat about the issue.Thanks for giving us your time.Happy to be here.There have been many sticking points over the years in Indonesia's relations with really
Australia but the one that really stands out currently is West Papua. Why is it, despite repeated assertions from Australian politicians, that Australia fundamentally respects Indonesia's territorial integrity and its sovereignty and is a signatory to the Lombok treaty, that this remains a matter of concern in Jakarta? I think it is a couple of things. First of all, you have to understand the psyche of the country. I think every nation has a certain phobia, a certain psychological hang-up, so to speak. Ours about the question of unity. We have always perceived about colonial and foreign powers trying to break up Indonesia. That has been the story and history of Indonesia. The issue of a united state is very important. Even though we have learned about repeated declarations of an acknowledgement of territorial integrity, countries can change very quickly. The case of East Timor was one example ....Is it simply the case it is residual suspicion over Australia's behaviour towards East Timorese independence? In many quarters that sticks in people's minds. They remember that. That's a memory ....Sticks in their krau? Yes. To some extent. Indonesia itself has not been able to recognise the issue of Papua as a whole. I think there are various examples of that. It takes a decades, sometimes it takes centuries. Whether it is the US with the issue of Japanese internment or Hawaii which took over 100 years or even Australia itself and the Aboriginals. So Indonesia unless it can recognise and truly resolve the question and issue of Papua will always have something hanging over their head and a fear others will exploit that. You have to understand it within that psychological context.Tony Abbott, while he was in the region, said things are also
improving in West Papua and also warned people against using Australia as a platform from which to grandstand. How would that have been received? It is a very welcome statement, however, I think for many Indonesians outside of the Government, the one thing they question is - are we really doing enough? The issue of Papua is not something which can be resolved externally. It have
is something which Indonesians have to settle themselves and truly settle as part of a unitary State.Let's turn to Australia and Indonesia's fair to
economic relationship. Is it fair to say Australia has been very lucky having President Yudhoyono as Indonesia's head of state over the last nearly decade? I'd agree 100% and I further,
would actually go back a bit further, maybe the last 14 years to 15 years. It think it all began with Abdurrahman the
Wahid whose trip to Australia, the first Indonesian President to visit Australia in I can't remember how many decades ....Since the 1970s.Definitely. That broke a lot of barriers down. The coming in of Yudhoyono was another plus. I think potentially you will not see Indonesia-Australia relations relations being
in terms of the summit is
relations being as good as it is now because Yudhoyono is someone who understands and appreciates foreign policy. He comprehends the nuance s of Indonesia
relationships. The challenge is Indonesia will have an election come October of next year so we will have a new President by October 20th. Out of the current candidates, very few, if any, have a clear foreign policy platform or an engaging interest in foreign policy per se. We don't know what their views are about Australia, what their view is about international trade regimes and so on and so forth. I think you in the
are looking at a very good term relationship
in the Indonesia-Australia relationship and, if I can just add, it is also very important, I think, Abbott's time at present because when the Indonesian President comes in and is sworn in in October 20th,2014, he will look at this 12 months of Abbott being in power as a platform, a basis of the bilateral relationship. He will go back and see what has happened in the last 12 months and what I need to do in the then,
next five years.How much, then, of the quality of relations between Australia and Indonesia, apart from the fact that Tony Abbott will have had this breathing space, how much may or may not depend continuity within the that
administration? For example, that Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa might stay on? I think that begs the question is how strong is our relationship really? Is it really only based on the characters or characteristics of the ....Personalities.The personalities of the people at the very top or have we built a stronger foundation or a stronger web of relationships that it will overcome whatever the personalities, whether they fit or not, of the leaders of been
the two countries.You have been very generous with your time. Thanks for talking to us.You are welcome.

to
Asian universities have begun to rise up the global rankings. Top institutions in China, South Korea, Singapore and Japan have all made gains in the latest Times Higher Education World university rankings. Other parts of the region are falling behind. As Bill Bainbridge reports, it will take a huge investment of time and money to catch up with the rest of the world. latest
There is a power shift in the rankings.
latest world university rankings. Where once the West dominated, the East is taking over.Governments in Asia have started putting real money behind their universities to make them more competitive, so Singapore, the Chinese universities, to
universities, the Korean extent
universities, to a certain extent the Hong Kong universities are all creeping up these tables, challenging the traditional Western elite. World rankings are becoming more and more influential as globalised universities compete for top talent and the lucrative foreign student dollar. Australia's new Education Minister told an education conference about the new government's push to restore Australia's slide in revenue from international education.One of the Coalition's key priorities will be restoring international education to its rightful place as one of our most valuable exports.At stake is a dramatically expanding market in international student enrolment, an industry that's already worth more than $14 billion a year to Australia.By 2030, the size of the Asia Pacific middle class is expected to reach 3.2 billion people from about 500 million today. UNESCO has forecast the number of internationally mobile students will double from 4 million in 2010 to over 7 million by 2020.But Australia will be trying competitive
hold its own in an increasingly competitive market.There is a challenge now for Australia in keeping hold of its share of the student market, the international student market. Australian universities have been well ahead of the game in recruiting international students but other nations now are competing more.But the billions of dollars in cuts announced by the Gillard Government, which will be Administration, won't
implemented under the Abbott have
Administration, won't help.We have seen huge amounts of money being put into universities to remain
support them, to make them remain world class and, in cuts that
Australia I think the funding cuts that are coming, that have only just been implemented, could hurt for years to come.That funding trend is true of some Asian universities the
too. Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines did not manage to get a single institution inside the top 400.The Malaysian universities have not worked hard on building a research infrastructure. They are not there at the forefront of new ideas and new knowledge which is in stark contrast to Singapore. Singapore have really put their money into the research infrastructure, into the talent pool, drawing in international talent and have had huge success but Malaysia is some way behind on that.Ranking is very important to us but we are not obsessed indicators that
with ranking because there are indicators that are very useful to us as a research university, so we look at it very closely, particularly publications and long
citations, but we know we are a long way from getting very high up.For Malaysia, the problem is particularly stark with one in five educated Malaysians leaving the country to further their careers.I don't subscribe to brain drain to start with because I believe that when conditions are good in your country, those who leave when they are young, they eventually will come back. Thailand's KMUTT is one university that managed to improve its position in the rankings, entering the top 350 for the first time. But the Government there wants to see it joined by other Thai institutions.We have totalling 150 universities in Thailand select
right now. The Government select nine of them to be the national research universities funding, that
and then they grant the funding, that is special funding, for those nine universities to push up the output, the research output, and then to become the world-class university.Phil economic
Baty says, with high rates of economic growth, South East more
Asia is poised to create many more world-class universities if it invests in education.It is really stepping up your globalisation, finding new the Asia
global partnerships from within the Asia Pacific region and beyond, certainly out to the West. That's the key to success in so many ways and rankings, is it drives up your performance, your standings, you
brings in the talent and gives you a critical mass of talent.Bill Bainbridge reporting. As Asian universities struggle to compete, international students struggling
here in Australia are struggling to make ends meet. The Australian city of Melbourne may be one of the world's top destinations for international students but it is also one of the most expensive. Victoria is the only Australian State that doesn't give public transport concessions. Long-running campaigns to change the rules have so far been unsuccessful. Now Melbourne City Council has decided to take up the cause and lobby the Government to effectively halve the students' Sawlani
transport costs. But, as Girish Sawlani reports, international students in Australia are ever-increasing
continuing to struggle amid ever-increasing education and living costs. It is one of Melbourne's most iconic symbols. But for many international students here, is
the cost of taking a tram ride is a major financial burden.Daily is roughly almost $12 a day. It is out of the budget that I prepared to pay before I came here.Indonesian student Steven Jingga is doing a masters in practising accounting at Swinburne University in Melbourne's east. Rents for accommodation near his institution are high, so he from
is forced to travel a long way from home each day.I have to find accommodation further away from the u ny which is cheaper, that's why I sacrifice on accommodation and travelling time. But I manage to survive on that. Currently Victoria is the only State in Australia not to provide international students with concessions that would effectively halve their transport campaigns by student groups have so far failed to sway the campaign
State Government. But now that campaign has received a massive boost from the Melbourne City Council. The Cathy McGowan recently voted unanimously to begin talks with Victorian State Transport Minister.It seems to me to be most un just that the international students, who share the life of the city, are not permitted these concessions other students have.This new push by the Council has been welcomed by international student groups.It is always a good start to many take up proactive responsibility to advocate for the welfare of international students . At the end of the day, what students are looking for is a great quality experience which is very important to the future and the sustainability of this public transport
sector.Paying full fares for public transport is just one of the cost pressures facing international students here in Victoria. But across the country, they are also being squeezed by high rents and Visa conditions that restrict students from working more than 20 hours per week. At the Salvation Army headquarters in Melbourne's CBD, struggling international students gather daily at this cafe known as the Couch for free meals and advice on housing and employment.Still have a bigger number of students that are coming here for a meal because eat
they cannot afford to buy - to eat breakfast, lunch and dinner. At the end of the day they came here, at least they have a meal.Among them is Iranian Behrooz Ghabraie, a PhD candidate at RMIT university.Basically Australia is an expensive country. really
Accommodation, housing, it's really expensive. Almost half of the amount I was paying for transport at that
accommodation I was paying for transport at that time. Also food is expensive. But you can keep the expenses a bit lower than normal by coming to Couch, places like this.These students are not a super wealthy class. Many of these students are experiencing hardship, their families are experiencing hardship to get them here to Australia.The international education sector injects around $15 billion to the Australian economy each year. The Federal Government in Canberra is developing a new national strategy to attract even more foreign students here. But with tuition fees and living expenses more than doubling over the past decade, those
the rising costs may derail those plans.The fact Australia was recently being listed as one of the most expensive countrys to study in, that makes the situation worse. India will shortly launch its first expedition to Mars. Its mission - to assess whether or not there is or ever has been life on the Red Planet. Many in the Indian scientific community are proud of the nation's space program but there is concern the mission to Mars has been poorly planned. Some critics say it is solely aimed at furthering India's position in the space race with China at a time when the money could be better spent on helping India's poor. Stephanie March reports. All my childhood I wanted to be an astronaut. It is not easy in my country to become an astronaut. Only two Indians have ever been in space, a fact that deeply frustrates space enthusiast Vinod Kotiya.We are destined for exploration, the human kind. We are to explore in the deeper space. Some day - we can't survive on the earth for a long time, some day we are to go to other planets so why not we start today? He is one of 200,000 Indians to have applied to be part of the Mars One project. A not-for-profit organisation based in Europe that plans to establish a permanent human settlement on Mars in 2023. Successful applicants win a one-way ticket to the Red Planet.I have a deep passion to explore the university.My bones will decay, my muscles will decay so it
again on earth when I come back so it is better to live there and die there instead of coming back and die terribly on earth.He isn't the only Indian keen to get to Mars. The nation's government and space agency, sew sew, want to get too.
there - ISRO, want to get there too. They are more advanced in their planning. ISRO is about to embark on its first journey into the planet.It is going to look into the methane composition in the atmosphere. The presence of methane means the possibility of life on Mars. If all goes well, the craft will take nine months from its launch date to reach its destination.India is proud of its space program. It was the first country to confirm the presence of liquid water on the moon during its 2008 lunar voyage. But this latest mission has led some in the science community to question the space program's direction and the motivation behind it. The rocket that is going to take this satellite to Mars is actually not designed for deep space exploration or inter-planetary explanation. It is a small rocket.There won't be another launch window for this mission until 2016 but some fear India's pushing ahead with a less-than-ideal rocket for another reason.There has been commentary in the papers, in the press, about the space race between India and China. That must have been at the back of the mind somewhere but, frankly speaking, whether there was a space race or not, India would have wanted to get a mission to Mars at some point of time.The Mars mission will cost a little less than $US100 million. Cheap by international space programs standards but critics say the money should be spent on India's problems back on earth. This is a, in my view, perversity because you are really spending money on the moon mission and the Mars mission which is completely disproportionate in quantity to what we spend on absolute basic needs for the people, the population.A recent report from India's Rural Development Ministry found that only 18% of the country's rural population have access to clean drinking water, electricity and toilets.I would say build toilets, improve the drinking water supply system in the whole country, give people better healthcare. I would put that $100 million into a universal vaccination program, beef that up.Supporters of the space program say it has achieved a great deal for the average person in India.India has used its space program for explorations of its natural resources, for remote sensing, for mapping of mineral resources, of forest area, land resources which is again yielded enormous developmental dividends.The sort of scientific output and benefits, I mean, they are very marginal, if not trivial actually. Why is India getting into this business? Just to claim prestige? The benefits of space exploration may be marginal now but some believe they may one day provide the India's
solution to many more of India's problems.I hope that in future government should colonise the moon and Mars, we ought to plan for that so that will be much better than just having a simple mission like going there and coming back. We should now think for colonisation, we should now think for utilising the resources of other planets, moon, asteroids.Stephanie March reporting. That's our program. You can visit our website at australianetwork.com/focus. We will be back at the same time next week for another edition Auskar
of Asia Pacific Focus. I'm Auskar Surbakti. Thanks for watching. Bye for now.

Captions by CSI Australia Within sight of the historic
City of London, you'll find one of the most
culturally-diverse populations

in the UK, with a growing number
of young people. It's Peckham, in the south London
borough of Southwark.

On Songs Of Praise tonight, I'll be finding out
what that new generation think
about where they live, and what big plans they have to make
a difference to their community.

There's different types of people
and there's a lot that
goes on in Peckham. Most of the people are religious, so I think
that definitely comes out.

I'll be talking to
the Prince of Wales, as he supports young Christians working for change. And there's music from
worship leader Lou Fellingham.

For many residents,
Peckham is clearly a vibrant,
energetic place to live,

especially from a young person's
perspective. Much of the sense of creativity
and community comes from the growing population
of young people,

many who've grown up here in Peckham
in less-than-favourable Peckham's reputation in the media
as a deprived area,

and one of the capital's
crime hotspots, often hits the headlines. But this is also a place
of many churches, all striving to bring God into
the lives of a diverse community.

One church with a lively musical
tradition is All Saints, and on this occasion, the worship's
being led by the brilliant
singer-songwriter,

Lou Fellingham, and her band,

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