Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
State to State -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) This program is not captioned.

This Program is Captioned Live.claerp clearOn 'State to State', a lakeside showdown in NSW. It is such an amazing migratory
habitat for indigenous and retirement and
migratory birds.Out of retirement and off to Africa. She got off the plane, looked me in the eye and said, "We are organisation to work for disabled children in Africa". A winemaker's new take on beer.

Welcome to the program, Guy Stayner in Melbourne. If you are what you eat, then a lot of Queensland truck drivers are in big trouble. Studies show they are more likely to suffer from chronic disease and other serious health problems. And while the truckies blame abundance
tight deadlines and an abundance of greasy roadside food, a Brisbane power to change their the better. David Lewis
reports.

Life on the road - it might sound romantic, but to live it, you really have to love it. It's a lonely life. I'm an extrovert and I often wonder what I'm doing sitting here in a tin glass and rubber bubble.York, yo York has plenty of time - York, yo York has plenty of time to ponder questions but is acutely aware of the importance of his job.Everybody really needs to consider that every single item they have in their house, in their possession, in their workplace, every single item, arrives somewhere on the back of a truck.In order to meet the country's insatiable demand for goods, drivers like cliff are often behind the wheel for 14 hour shifts. Breaks help them to stay focused but the lifestyle of a truckie is hardly conducive to physical exercise. In a lot of ways we are ticking time bombs if we are not looking after our health and the food that goes into our mouths.After a long journey there is only one thing on a truckie's mind.

And roadhouse restaurants
across the State are only too happy to oblige. If you if you combine a stressful job with a bad diet and lack of exercise, something has to give. Those of us what have been out here for a while have seen a lot of our peers sort of falling over with heart attacks and things like that, and, you know, you look at the guys that it happens to and more often than not they are overweight and eating massive deep-fried males at truck stops and after a while it makes you really to go the way he's gone so I better do something about it.Enter Nicholas living and breathing exercise, ride tog work in the morning and even remaining on his feet at his office desk. The senior lecturer in physical activity causes
and health has identified three causes of major health problems among the working population. One is that we are sitting too much.
long, and we are sitting too much. Second, we are moving enough. And the third thing is we are not eating well and we are not drinking the right things. So my interest is around trying to those choices, and present more opportunities to choose healthier life styles around those three lifestyle behaviours.Dr Gilson is concentrating on truckies because they have a higher than normal risk of chronic disease. The transport industry and high instance
truck drivers have a particular high instance of heart disease, hypertension, oh beatty related disorders which are linked to Type II diabetes and also it is quite a stressful job and that impacts health.As part of the study called shifting gears, he will attempt to radically change their behaviour. He's currently recruiting 30 volunteers, 15 long-haul and 15 city-based drooirs. They will - drivers. They will be meals
encouraged to seek out heldier meals and use their shift breaks to go for a jog or a short walk. Truck drivers taking part in the study have been told to keep a video diary using a smartphone or computer. Each day they will document what types of food they are eating, how much exercise they are getting and how they feel more generally. Feedback will Gilson gain a better understanding of where truckies can go to stretch their weary limbs and enjoy a nutritious meal.The healthy choices are the hard choices a loft the times - lot of the times. We want to make those choices the easier choices.Cliff York is already careful about the he takes on. You have to plan ahead, you've got to cook more than you need at home or if you have a partner who will do that for you, that's a good idea, and freeze it, and then take it. Most of the trucks fridges, and take your frozen meals with you and take as much salad and fresh fruit, vegetables as you can, comfortably cope with, to eat on the run.Would you like to see roadhouses and truck stops introduce healthier eating?Absolutely. Absolutely. It would be a great boon to the industry.More than one truck stop is giving it a try. At the Port of Brisbane, drivers now have the option of overlooking the infamous Chikko Roll in favour of fresh fluid, salad sandwiches and yoghurt. Enthusiasm for these new products is growing, all with it shoally. I have noticed they are quite health considerables now in what they - conscious now. A lot of truck drivers will grab sandwiches, rolls that are prepared from here. Ones sit down and eat a home-cooked style meal from here. A lot of them still go for the crumbed sausages, chips, anything they are so busy.
can eat on the go because they are so busy. It's a cruel irony that these workers who spend their lives on the go are among the most sedentary in society. Sleep is such a premium, that you tend rather
to, well I do, I tend to sleep rather than exercise, if I'm stopped I'm asleep, catching up for the next segment. I usually try and get out of the truck and go for a walk for an hour every day. But sometimes you - your timetable doesn't allow you to do that. Extremely difficult for a truck driver. It's a hard life.The study's purpose is to make sure it's also a long one.

David Lewis with that story. Unlike this lake, alongside the Westgate Bridge, Lake Wollumboola on the NSW South Coast is a spectacular natural lake. It intermittently opens and closes. It's called an ECOL. Three Government inquiries have considered it environmentally developer
significant. Now a local developer wants to build a Golf course alongside the banks of the lake, but conservationists warn any development would destroy the lake's ecological balance.

Here we have got a beautiful minimal
landscape where there is very minimal development. It's a really natural landscape here. It's a bird watchers paradise. Lake Wollumboola on the NSW South Coast at its finest.
spectacular display of nature at its finest.

are
It's so peaceful. The Swans are out there having a bit of a snooze. Part of the Jervis Bay National Park, the wet land is home to thousands of black Swans. Up to 14,000 have been counted here at a time. They come here to feed and breed. It's an incredible spectacle. We have observed 88 species the lake. That's birds directly associated with the lake. Of those, there are 15 threatened species, and there are 20 species that are protected.The lake is also habitat for the bar-tailed Godwit, a migratory bird protected under international treaties. It is such an amazing habitat for indigenous and migratory birds. That's the principle reason, because it's a very unique coastal land form, and because its catchment supports large numbers threatened species. So it's quite a unique system.This grouping of lakes, of which Wollumboola is one of the classic ones, something that is very, very rare around the coasts of the world. It is one of the most seen.
spectacular ICOLs I have ever This unique intermit eventually opening and closing National
lake, is part of the Jervis Bay National Park. Part of the surrounding land is currently zoned for residential use. If you allow a major the potential is to tip it over the edge and, in doing so, create a lake in which the birdlife and other ecological values are lost and are lost forever. Today, members of the Lake Wollumboola Protection Society are making a record of the birdlife. footprints.Frances Bray moved to this area permanently 15 years ago. Those people are walking right near where we intending going, I hope they don't disturb the birds over there.Her passion for the birdlife and lake goes undisputed. The Godwits have moved because of those people walking past. Frances Bray's concern extends well beyond just the foot traffic around the lake. She's worried a development application to build a Golf course an the lake's edge would than its fair share of problems.We are really concerned that most of the trees will be cleared, and that we'd have impacts on the lake water quality, and the wildlife here. The council at this point in time has a development application for it for the Golf course. That Golf course is running through the statutory process for the development application. We are currently awaiting a species impact statement from the proponents. Until such time as we have received that, council can't complete its assessment. Shoalhaven City Council is also examining whether a residential zoning is appropriate for such an Its
environmentally sensitive area. Its draft local environment plan has zoned lands in the environmentally
lake's catchment to be environmentally protected, but a decision on that has deferred at the request of the land owner, Realty Realisations. .The land owner is keen to sort out his holdings once and for all and I don't think he was necessarily comfortable with the zonings that were being proposed. I think he is certainly keen to look at a solution that would see parts of his holding developed and then other parts of it dedicated to or for
transferred to the government for addition to the National Park. I do not understand why the Shoalhaven City Council is asking for this deferral, because we have had over a decade, nearly two decades, of constant recommendations as to what should happen to this catchment. That is very, very clear, and the department understands that and the Minister understands that. We saying
have had inquiry after inquiry saying that that catchment should be in some way protected as a nature reserve or as part of a National Park.But not everyone is in favour of that option. Jack Kerr is a member of the Local Progress Association. He's behind any sort of injection a development could bring. Down the other at least
end of the street you'll find at least two shops that have closed up. We have been told that when the Golf course is community
built, it will be handed to the community to run, with a dowry, so the community can run it, it facility for
will be run as a community facility for the Golf course. We need that there. We need to attract people somewhere to come, somewhere This often sleepy coastal hamlet east of Nowra has around 3,000 full-time residents. Shops flourish here in the summer but come the winter can struggle. People are leaving the area. Our permanent population is going down. We want it to increase. The businesses here do it very tough for six months of the year. We need development. What's happening now, the children as they grow up cannot get jobs, so they move away. So we need development. We need jobs here to maintain our - the lifestyle.This area has a long history of development applications. Back in 1992, the area was earmarked for subdivision. That triggered the first of three Government inquiries. Examining the areas conservation value. The issue has been a very vexed one for the last 20 or so years. The opinions in the community are very mixed about the pros and cons of development in that area -We we are still looking at it, I think is that essentially we have a new council who is prepared to have one last look at it and make sure they attempt to get the right balance in the area. This particular lake is potentially on a knife edge. Under present conditions, okay. It's environmental could
conditions are as good as you could expect. But if you allow a major development, the potential is to tip it over the edge, and, in doing so, create a lake in which the birdlife and other ecological values are lost and lost forever.A decision on the lake catchment zoning now lies with the department of planning and. Ultimately the Minister. While both have publicly signalled their intention to zone the area for conservation, that not be the end of it. If the landowner is unhappy with the decision they can take their case to the Land and Environment Court. The debate over the future of Lake Wollumboola and its catchment could still have some time to run.

Now to a story about how an overseas visit can be a life-altering event. That's the case for Jan Baker, who discovered a community in Africa that's dramatically changed her retirement plans. Mike Sexton has the story.

In Tanzania, at the foot village
Mt Kilamantjaro, there is a village called Moshi. And within the village is a childcare centre, where a boy called Brian has changed the lives of a couple 10,000 kilometres away in the Adelaide Hills. Look, here is Brian. How old is he here? He's 15 months here. He was such an unhappy little boy. Now, he's such a rascal. Jan Baker is a fist physiotherapist, and Tony Stimson a school principal. retired, until a few years ago when she scratched a long-held itch to work as a volunteer somewhere in Africa and started surfing the net, seeing in anyone needed her help. I volunteered with an American agency, actually, Cross Cultural Solutions, and they had two options - one down by the beach or one Kilamantjaro, and I thought I'll take the mountain. This is how she came across the childcare centre in Moshi, where children with disabilities are cared for. I was completely overwhelm ed. In fact, I felt quite paralysed. I just didn't know what to do. I hadn't seen anything quite so as these wonderful big-hearted women working with these incredibly
children, some of them incredibly disabled, as - trying to do their best but without actually the knowledge of what to do.Jan Baker says her training as lifting children or adjusting their splints. But then there was the case of a 15 month old called Brian, who couldn't sit actually show
up. I knew that I could actually show him how to do that. My challenge was to actually just pass on that knowledge to his mum, and to the workers who were there. , to get him from lying down to sitting, from sitting to lying down. So we took him through all those stages. Then I had to go home. . I greeted her the airport and I thought that was the end of Africa for a while. But, no, she got off the plane, looked me in the eye and said, we are going to found a charitable organisation, to work for disabled children in Africa. You founded a school, you know what to do. Now, just retired as a principal of the school shortly before. And quiet life, but not to be.While they pondered what to do next, Jan Baker returned to Moshi, eager to see what progress had been made. What she discovered was that Brian frustration, came
was no better. But in her frustration, came the
to do.
revelation of what she needed to do. I said show me what you've been doing? They all just looked at me and I done what
realised they'd actually not done what I'd asked. That's when we took the idea of seminars, showing the women how to do things, so that it wasn't just me on one day and then them forgetting they could actually - all of them have the same sort of information.Jan Baker pulled together of professionals in SA, to set up community action for people with disabilities in Africa, Over
which is shortened to CAPTA. Over her nine visits to Africa, she built on the bedrock to the now
point where village carers are now receiving certified levels of education. While writing the training courses in her reminders of her communities in CAPTA has been funded through has
a Federal Government grant and has a corporate sponsor, but the couple have been astonished at the again Rossty of who found creative ways to raise money - generosity. A landscaping firm in the Adelaide Hills, the young people associated with that threw a massive function, music for Moshi, in February, which raised nearly $10,000. This is community at this end. And there is community at the other end as well, too, so I think that's the biggest feeling satisfaction I have got out of it. It's a privilege to do she's now
this in many ways. Although she's now spent collectively close to a year of her life in Tanzania, Jan Baker wasn't first time. But the women in Moshi made sure a recording was made and sent to Australia. I actually cry - even about it, I get emotion al. I made it.
don't know that he would have

If you don't now how to make these steps, it's really them.
difficult to actually achieve them. Now he runs. And he's

What do you get when a winemaker sets up in a valley renowned for growing hospitals and fruit? Fruity beer, according to accidental brewer, Ashley Huntington. He's experimenting with sour six
fermentation in fruit for about six years, and as Annah Fromberg found out, he's tried to challenge common Australian perceptions about
beer.

It's brew day at Ashley Huntington's farm in the Derwent Valley. At this small-scale operation, the process doesn't start in the brewery. It begins in the paddock. Almost everything that goes into the beer is grown on the property. The barley, spelt and hospitals. - hops. It's rare, but then nothing about this brurer fits the mould. I'm a winemaker who got lost in Tasmania and started brewing by accident, and taught myself to brew in a way that no-one also is brewing. Mr Huvrnting tonne - Huntington bought the 600 hectare farm in 2004, visions of a vineyard. The qualified chemist trained as a in France.
winemaker and spent 7 vintages in France. After settling in the Derwent Valley, which has been growing hops for almost two centuries, he was distracted. I thought, well, the vines will take a couple of years to grow, so while I'm doing that, there is a lot of hops here, but no breweries. I thought, well, I'll have a go and see if I can brew a beer with those hops - there is a bit of opportunity. I have become permanently distracted. It's been trial and error and Mr Huntington confesses to making plenty of mistakes along the way. The brewer, who is literally two metres tall, has managed to keep his sense of humour. I've just heated up some hot water, in my kettle. So you have to be a bit when you ring me up and say I'm dropping in, put the kettle on, because that actually brewery
1500 litres of water.The micro brewery set up in an old shearing shed steams into action about once a week, and the brewing process usually takes about 15 hours. We have got
just mashed in, so what we have got is a barley malt, raw spelt, and malt porridge. That's delicious. If it in the morning, we'd get into it. Despite his transition into beer, Ashley Huntington hasn't entirely given up his fetish for fruit. after experimenting with sour and natural beer fermentation a few years ago, he decided to triading fruit like cherries and last bris to his brew. I guess that's the winemaker bursting its way through my very self-taught, ill formed brewing guise, if you like. the fruit was going to come in regardless of whether I was going to make wine or not. Mr Huntington originally thought fruity
he was alone in making sour and fruity ales, but soon discovered there were craft brewers in the US and Europe doing the same thing. Last year, he was awarded Churchill Fellowship to take a look. I got to say, the brewers that were indulge ing in farm-house styles, in fruit beers and in sour fermentation, they were - that's the top an industry that's just gone amazingly ballistic in the last couple of years. It exciting to be this is not main stream in
Australia.So what sort of response do you get from Australian beer drinkers? Are they horrified at the prospect of fruit in their beer?Look, I'd probably say that your classic Aussie beer-drinking pot-bellies male may be the last consumer to come on board to these types of beverages, but he's been very well looked after at the moment. So a craft brewer doesn't need to worry about him.

Ashley Huntington and his wife, Jane, say their sour cherry ale with very little physician is popular - fizz is popular with women. They are not worried about a re-sent survey which found Australians now prefer wine over beer. That's probably because the diversity of beer styles has dropped and there are other beverages out there. The craft brewers are the ones that will produce the diversity of beer styles which will recreate interest in beer. Mr Huntington is now one of about nine craft brewers in nine
Tasmania. There is also about nine small companies producing cider. He believes niche industries are the future of the Tasmanian economy. Within a five-year period, you've had 18 brand new businesses start up in this State. Most of them are outside of the two major cities. There is not too many industries that are actually, I think, growing at that sort of rate. We are still tiny in terms of production relative to the big brewers. But we are by far the most interesting. Those were some of the best stories from around the country on 'State to State'. I'm Guy Stayner in Melbourne. Thanks for joining me.

This program is not captioned. This program is not captioned. On this edition of One Plus One, the musical highs and of Richard Melville, the artist known as Moby.

This Program is Captioned Live. Hello. I'm Jane Hutcheon. Welcome to One Plus One. The late 1990s was the era of American singer, songwriter and musician Moby. Today he continues to perform as a musical artist, a DJ and photographer. His constant need to challenge himself in creating new styles of music has made his genre one that's difficult to define. He has collaborated with some of music's best known stars including David Bowie, Michael Jackson and the Pet Shop Boys. He recently released a new album 'Innocents' and discusses life since coming back down to earth after the un-Spect expected success of his album 'Play' which sold more than 12 million copies. Moby, welcome to One Plus One.Hi.I understand you were an only child.As far as I knew, for most of my life, I believed I was an only child. Then I guess when I was in my early 30s, mother got very sick and she eventually died and before she died, she told me that I almost
half-brother somewhere. It was almost like this thing out of Russian literature, in your mid the
30s, finding out somewhere in the world I have stranger
half-brother. The story gets 2004 I
stranger because I guess it was 2004 I was in Washington DC with my friend Alexandra Pelosi, the daughter of nanny Nancy Pell yosie. We were in a was
bar, this is when I drink, I was talking to a journalist and I said maybe it is George Rove, he was George W Bush's chief staff, so I jokingly said maybe it is Carl Rove, so journalist wrote a gossip piece saying "Are they