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ABC News 24 2pm News -

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Today, higher education shakeup, the Government plans an overhaul of universities.

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Massive haul - police seize 270kgs of drugs hidden in a rice shipment. The siege of a Nairobi shopping mall ends with at least 67 dead. As they come to the line, the is complete. And Team USA's record winning extreme sets record winning extreme sets up a thrilling finale on Auckland a thrilling finale afternoon,
Harbour tomorrow.Good afternoon, I'm Nicole Chettle. The Coalition Government's flagging a shakeup of the University sector. Labor abolished caps on admissions to give more students access to higher education. The new Minister says he has no plans to reintroduce caps, but does have concerns about the system. We need to review the demand-driven system of university places, because there is some evidence, and the previous Government had a similar view, that quality is quantity.
suffering in terms to achieve quantity. We believe that everyone who aspires to go to university, should have that opportunity, and we will certainly reinforce our credentials as the party of further education in this country.The Government's planning to abolish the compulsory student services and amenities fee. It's worth about $270 a year.Universities are bracing for a shakeup in the sector after the Education Minister says he will review the system of uncapped student places and the abolition of compulsory student fees. Dr Caroline Perkins is the Executive Director of the regional university's network. Well, it would have a particular effect on regional universities. The participation in higher education in regional Australia, that is anywhere outside a capital city. Is about half that in the system
capitals. The uncapped student system has really enabled our universities to put on new courses, particularly in professions where graduates are needed in the region, such as in allied health, engineering, any reflux of the caps will really limit our ability to grow places and to increase the participation in education in regional Australia and that's bad for regional Australia, bad for the nation and bad won't be enough skilled people and bad for regional
development, in the regions, in the regions, potentially, to fuel and diversify industry. But the suggestion from the Government is that allowing could in
more people into university could in fact be affecting quality. What do you make of that?Well, I really don't know what the basis of the Minister's comments are. I university
mean, the quality of our university system should be judged by the quality of the graduates, not on how students are prepared for university when they come in. Our universities pride themselves on helping students who are from low SES families, to successfully
assist them to actually successfully complete their degrees. So unless you try and address the problem of students in parts of Australia who haven't been adequately prepared for higher education, help them to successfully complete their university degrees, you'll never make any impact on lifting participation in higher education in parts of Australia. I should also note the quality of professional courses, such as engineering degrees, allow yied health degrees - allied health degrees is actually certified by there
professional organisations. So there is a very strong standard in place in terms of how students are trained and the quality of graduates.What about compulsory student contributions. If that's scrapped, how would that affect things like regional services and sports facilities?Yes, we're very concerned that this will seriously affect the services we can provide for students on regional campuses. A couple of issues - one is that quite often our campuses aren't located close to the town centre, so students really have no alternative to services such as sporting facilities, health and counselling services, food outlets, etc, apart from those provided by the universities themselves. The point should also be made, too, that quite often regional communities rely on the university for sporting facilities. So potentially this will not only hurt students, it will hurt regional communities more broadly.Dr Caroline Perkins, thank you.Australian Federal Police say they have dismantled a multi-national drug syndicate in an operation involving three Government agencies. Anna Morozow reports from the AFT headquarters.After a two-month multi agency operation, police have seized 274kgs of crystal
ephedrine, a drug used to make crystal methamphetamine. It was found in a shipment of rice from India to Melbourne. Police say it's one of the largest ever seizures of ephedrine in Australian history and would have had a significant street value. We have been able to prevent the manufacture of what we believe to be 200kgs of crystal methamphetamine. We estimate the dollar figure for these
drugs, if the dollar figure for drugs, if they hit the streets of drugs, of Australia, was $200 drugs, if they hit the million.The operation began in July, when the Department of Agriculturery culture was conducting a biosecurity search of bags labelled as Basmati rice, which had arrived at the porld of Melbourne. The officers noticed a substance and alerted customs. The AFP then launched an investigation. On Monday, police executed 9 search warrants across Melbourne and Sydney, and seized a quarter of a million dollars in cash as evidence. Two Canadian Nationals and an Australian were arrested and charged. Indian authorities subsequently arrested an Indian national. Police say investigations are continuing, and expect to make further arrests. Kenya has declared three days of mourning after the deadly siege in Nairobi finally came to an end. 67 people were killed in the four-day assault by Islamist gunmen in an up market shopping centre. That death toll is expected to climb as authorities begin sifting through the rubble for more the
victims. From Nairobi, here's the ABC's Martin Cuddihy.After a long and bloody stand-off, victory has been claimed. Five terrorists were killed with gunfire. 11 suspects are in custody in connection with the attack. Uhuru Kenyatta made the announcement 80 hours after the attack began. These cowards will meet justice, as will their cowards will meet will their accomplices and patrons, wherever they are. The assault to free the hostages was made with help from international advisers. 11 Kenyan soldiers were taken to hospital, three of those men later died. Part of the building collapsed and there are more bodies in the rubble. panic reigned when Al Shabab militants attacked the Westgate mall during the lunchtime rush on Saturday. The terrorists used assault rifles and grenades, scores of people were killed. Their families have now started claiming the dead. They are burying loved ones and lamenting the loss. I have seen my father, being the first man to die. I've never seen a dead man, and I've seen my father. Three days of national mourning has been declared and with the conclusion of this deadly and brazen attack, shock is starting to subside with Already
outrage taking its place. Already some Kenyan politicians are calling for revenge - Iran's new moderate President, Hassan Rouhani, used his first speech to the urn general assembly to declare that nuclear weapons have no place in his country's Arsenal. The leader's comments came hours after the US President, Barrack Obama, expressed reports.
cautious optimistm.Jane Cowan

Iran's friendly overtures aren't convincing everyone. 220 people were executed in Iran, since his inauguration. I think the fact that he is come tog speak at the UN with a moderate label is absolutely absurd. Before the President of the US touches this man, and gets the blood of Americans on his hands, we have to demand an awful lot of him.With his country suffering under crippling economic sanctions, Hassan Rouhani says he's ready to talk about Iran's nuclear program. TRANSLATION: The Islamic republic of Labor is prepared to engage immediately in result-oriented talks to build mutual confidence and remove uncertainties with full transparency.But a hoped-for face to face encounter with the US President, Barrack Obama, never materialised. American officials say the Iranians declined their offer. We should be able to achieve a rights
resolution that respects the rights of the Iranian people while giving the world confidence that the Iranian confidence that the program is peaceful. But to succeed, will have to be matched by actions that are transparent, and verifiable. While declaring nuclear weapons will Hassan
never be part of Iran's future, Hassan Rouhani is insisting on the right to enrich uranium and many observers remain sceptical. There is no chance that the regaol is going to weapons.
give up its quest for nuclear weapons. They have been at it for more than 20 years.Whether or not the nuclear diplomacy can succeed is a question that won't be answered this week. But America and Iran have at relationship
least begun to thaw a relationship that's been frozen for more than three decades. Adam Lockyer from the US study centre says the significance of the diplomatic moves shouldn't be underestimated. It's quite significant. So for 34 years now there's been virtually no diplomatic relationship between Iran and the US. And it now seems as though there is room to move forward, and perhaps move closer together on some of these issues that have been at the heart of the conflict.One of those issues is, of course, its nuclear program. Iran insists it is peaceful. Can it convince the world that that is in fact the case?If its actions follow its words. At this stage all we are seeing is conciliatory language on both sides. What the US will now looking for is action, and things are actually moving forward on making their are actually making their nuclear program more transparent and in the world, a peaceful force.What do we know about the new President. Is he a force for real change?He came to power on a platform of moderation, a real sign of that will be that
trying to get these sanctions that have been imposed on Iran for a numb of years, relaxed. And I think that he sees the Iranian nuclear program as being a bargaining chip that he can trade for relaxation in sanctions.He's been described as a moderate. What does that actually mean?That he doesn't use the language that his yet
predecessors have used. We are yet to see really what is going to follow up with this, in terms of action. And the Presidency only has certain powers, the religious council is still the major political force in Iran. So it's really an open question about how much action we are going to see backed up by these words.Iran clearly would like to see sanctions lifted. What's the motivation on both sides to re-establish this relationship?Well, on the one hand, the US side, they just want to see a disarmed Iran. So an Iran that isn't capable of nuclear weapons. Now, it's Obama's preference that that's going to be through diplomatic means. Though on Iran's side, there needs to be this relaxation of sanctions, so that the new President can show his constitute ency that there is improvement taking place.

The Foreign Minister's brushed off reports that Indonesia directly warned her not to implement parts of the Coalition's border protection plan - Julie Bishop held talks with her Indonesian counterpart in New York, and Indonesian newsagency reported Marty Natalegawa saying he conveyed the message loud and clear his country won't accept a policy that violates its sovereignty. We had a very productive discussion. We talked about the issue generally, specifically, but I'm not going into the details of what essentially are operational issues. But we had a very cordial meeting, I can assure you.Ms Bishop says the discussion will continue when Tony Abbott travels to Jakarta later this month.The Reserve Bank warned the banks not to relax lending standards in the current low interest rate environment. The Central Bank's also highlighted property investments in self-managed super funds as an area of concern. Business editor Peter Ryan has more. You have to keep in mind at the moment the cash rate is at 2.5%, that's the lowest level in more than 50 years. for people in more than 50 years. On one
hand it's for people to get in and get mortgages but at the mortgages at super low but at the moment consumers remain very but at the moment remain very cautious and they are not borrowing remain very cautious are not borrowing from banks and are not and the Reserve Bank is and the Reserve Bank concerned this banks might start lowering their lending standards to attract standards to customers. So the Reserve Bank customers. has warned that they don't want has warned that they don't to see banks loosening their lending standards by making ill considered moves into new markets or products. So the Reserve Bank is saying they are not seeing any signs that the standards are being lowered at the moment. But they are putting out the warning that banks should be really vigilant about maintaining those quite tight lending standards.

Just how real are those concerns about a property bubble?Well, there has been a lot of talk about a property bubble recently, but last week a very senior Reserve Bank official said that concerns about a bubble were "excessively over the top". So when the Reserve Bank says that they are not seeing any signs have
of that being a problem, you have to weigh that up with what other people, such as real estate agents, the high-profile property developer John McGrath said a few weeks ago he is seeing signs of a bubble, especially in the inner Sydney property market. So while the Reserve Bank doesn't believe there is a problem, you are seeing the prudential regulator APRA and even the International Monetary Fund warning that authorities need to be vigilant about ensuring that lending standards remain pretty tight.Peter e saying about the health of
Australia's banks overall? Well, the Reserve Bank seems to be pretty to be pretty comfortable with how the financial system is how running at the moment. No signs of stress at all. It's in a relatively strong position, also sees the balance sheets in both households and businesses are performing there is
pretty well and at the moment there is no sign of trouble in either of those sectors, and certainly there is no suggestion of any risk of a financial shock, but they are remaining vigilant.Business editor Peter Ryan u , thank you. Let's take a check now of the markets. Alicia Barry, quite a strong session in trade?That's right, Nicole. After three days of losses the Australian share market has jumped as investors chase bargain stocks. The All Ords is up around 0.8% as is the ASX 200. But across the region, it's a much more subdued day.

There's been a profit fall for David Jones?That's right. The department store reported a 6% fall to $95 million for its annual profit. But that figure does take into account charges associated with the Dick Smith transaction that it completed back in August. The company's revenue has slid around 1% in the period as well. Shareholders will receive a fully franked dividend of 7 cents a share. Earlier this month its rival Myer recorded result.
an almost 9% drop in its annual result. If we take a look at the reaction, investors have actually welcomed David Jones' result today. Shares are up almost 7%.

a powerful earthquake has hit a remote area of south-west Pakistan, killing at least 46 people. The magnitude 7.8 quake was felt as far away as the Indian capital, New Delhi, officials say many of the regions mostly mud brick houses have collapsed. The quake also shifted the seabed and created a small island in the Arabian sea. The trials for Cambodia's Khmer Rouge are at risk of collapsing due to tay lack of money - a lack of money. Key donors like Australia are being asked to help bail the court out again. Southeast Asia correspondent Zoe Daniel reports.Since 2006, the court's been investigating crimes that killed more than 1.7 million people more than three decades ago. Piecing together that horror story is slow work. The Cambodian Government is struggling to find the funds to pay for local staff. If the financial problem continues, it means that we can prolong the term, and we also expand spending the money.Only one case has so been completed and four elderly
Khmer Rouge leaders in the

Khmer second case, bun Khmer Rouge leaders in second case, bun has died and one has second case, bun has died one has been dementia. Bill Smith says it would one has been dismissed due to
dementia. would be a tragedy if dementia. Bill Smith says it can't at least complete the trial of would be a tragedy trial of the remaining two defendants. can't at least complete trial defendants. It's very, very important that that process goes to completion, and then an appeal process be allowed.To complete case two and investigations into potential third and fourth cases will take another two years and cost around $60 million. The UN secured a loan from donors to pay the national staff what they are owed. In theory, that has to be paid back by the Cambodian Government. And another $1.8 million is needed even to pay them through until the end of December. Mao Eng Chun lost two brothers under the regime. She's grateful for what the court has done so far to mend the damage done. TRANSLATION: Before I felt so much regret. Now at least there is justice - not enough, but it's made things better. Australia's Government says it firmly supports the court's work and an extra $3.25 million was granted earlier this year.

Authorities in Russia say they'll prosecute Greenpeace activists, including two on
Australians for trying to climb on to an oil platform in the Arctic. The protestors could gaol.
face more than a decade in gaol. Almost a week since the Greenpeace ship was first raided by Russian coastguards, the vessel has now been towed to a fiord outside the Port of Murmansk in northern Russia. Immediate fate of crew of activists now depends crew of activists on Russian prosecutors. The initial protest last Wednesday on Russian prosecutors. was launched with determined speed. Intended to catch the security staff and the authorities by surprise, using a fast boat launched from the Greenpeace ship 'Arctic Sunrise' a fast boat launched from Sunrise' the demonstrators were able to send two activists up Sunrise' the demonstrators the side of the oil able to send two activists the side of the oil platform on ropes. The protestors were quickly intercepted by armed coastguard officers and it quickly became evident that the Russians were not tending to be lenient. I suspect you terrorism. Terrorism?I suspect you....Hours after that radio exchange, armed Russian men ab sailed from helicopters on to the 'Arctic Sunrise' and took control of the ship and its multi-national crew. Five days in the suffered custody of the code guard is unlikely to be the prosecutors
end. Here in Moscow prosecutors are already indicating they may pursue piracy charges against the group. The spokesman went on to describe the protest as an attempt to seize a drilling platform by storm, and said it raised legitimate doubts about their intentions. TRANSLATION: Investigators have already launched a criminal case against participantses of this reckless storming. According to article 227 of the criminal code, piracy. Investigators plan to question participants and detain the most active amongst them.The ship, he said, was loaded with electronics, whose purpose was not clear. But Greenpeace has insisted its protest was peaceful and at no time was the intention to seize property in the way that piracy is legally defined. TRANSLATION: I have no sensible explanation as to launched.
why this criminal case has been launched. They are being unlawfully held by the Russian authorities. They have no means of communication with us, relatives or lawyers. They are under armed guard, which effectively means they have been held unlawfully for five days.Campaigners on the ship are from 18 countries, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, NZ, Russia, and the UK and the US. If prosecuted, each could be facing up to 15 years in prison. The America's Cup is Team
going down to the wire with Team USA coming back to level the series 8 all against Team NZ. This morning the Americans won back-to-back races to push the competition to one final day - in the second race of the day NZ led at the first mark Team
but some superior tactics from Team USA saw them run Team NZ down to capture a momentous win. It was all in the time - this time, it just doesn't matter, I've been telling you guys all along, doesn't matter how the challenge in the second race, we got behind, one of boys - they stuck their heads down, and boys - they down, and very, very impressive. Gives us a lot of confidence going impressive. Gives tomorrow.Team NZ has to itself up for one final race. If tomorrow.Team NZ has to pick
itself up for one If they go down tomorrow, itself up for one final race. defeat could go down in sporting folklore. The Brisbane Lions have announced Brisbane Lions have Justin Leppitsch as the club's new head coach. The triple Premiership winning defender played over 220 games for the club, and has been assistant coach at Richmond since 2009. Leppitsch replaces former team mate Michael Voss who was sacked last month, a Premiership is unlikely in the next few years, but the new will
coach is promising his players really
will give 100%. So my goal really is to create a enjoyable working environment that creates and expects hard work. If I can get that from my players, I know on Saturdays they can give everything they have got and throughout the week they are going to come to work motivated to listen and learn. Then from there obviously the detail takes over, but if I don't get those two things, it's very hard to teach the detail if you don't have motivated players.The NRL says it has no plans to move the Cronulla Sharks to Queensland. Front page stories in News Limited papers in NSW and Queensland report the NRL's considering the move. The report says the Sharks could face financial pressures if it's fined by ASADA next month after the supplements scandal. A spokesman for the NRL says the story is speculative and the club's yet to receive any fine. Cronulla's Chief Executive, Stephen Noyce, says there is no prospect of his club relocating to central or Southern Queensland. UN scientists meeting in Stockholm this week are expected to confirm that man-made climate change is melting the world's glaciers but not as fast as thought. The effects are already impafkting millions of people making a living on the him layias. The scientists say pollution is warming the climate here, and melting glassers. We are on our way melting glassers. We our way to the Battel glacier. We have come to join scientists. There it is, in scientists. the wind-swept distance, at 17,000 feet, a great slab of ice, clinging to the mountain. The doctor updates a satellite map of the glasser valley. Glassers grow in winter and recede in summer, but he can tell from rock deposits that this glacier is shrinking overall year by year. The whole downstream region, we can see deposits on the right, left bank, deposits on the right bank, these are all the deposits which have been left by the glacier after it has melted.The UN panel will say this week that the vast are
majority of glassers worldwide are shrinking, as greenhouse gases warm the supplement. It matters. Here is why. Glaciers like this one further down the valley cascade water throughout the summer, precious water that's used for people to irrigate their fields. There are millions of people right across northern India who depend on melt water from the glaciers. In the nearby town of Menali, they rely on the melt water to swell the famous apples during the dry season. The traders say if the glaciers disappear, their crops will suffer. Now glaciers are facing a newly identified pressure, smoke from dirty engines and open fires is falling on them and turning them darker. It makes them absorb heat and melt faster. Even village cooking stoves are part of the problem. This woman is one of millions of Indians whose lungs and eyes suffer from a smoky stove. TRANSLATION: The mud stove turns my house black, she tells eyes.
me, makes me cough, hurts my eyes. A neighbour has a modern wood-fired stove that cuts improves
pollution, an innovation that improves women's health and also contributes a little to safe-guarding the glaciers. tackling smoky pollution is greenhouse
easier than cutting the greenhouse gases which are warming the climate.Let's take a look at the national weather with Vanessa O'Hanlon.

Very quick weather patterns moving across the country. They are very popular this week as another frontal system moves
over as another frontal over WA, changing the winds in over WA, changing SA and also causing rain over Tasmania. We'll see another frontal system, the low will deepen tomorrow, causing rain across Tasmania, Victoria, and up into the southern parts of NSW - and troughs continue to cause very hot and dry weather in Queensland, and for parts of NSW today we have a severe NSW today we have a severe fire warning for the western, central interior and also the southern districts of Queensland with Longreach expecting a top of 41 degrees.

That's the news for now. Our next full bulletin on ABC1 is at 5:30. We'll leave you with pictures from the tall ships festival in Hobart. I'm Nicole afternoon.
Chettle. Have a good

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