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Tonight on 'The World', an early test for Australia's new Foreign Minister as leaders gather Foreign gather for the UN general assembly.Syria will be a priority and as Australia is chairing the Security Council I imagine that much of our time will be spent on that issue.Julie Bishop describes the timing of Australia's Presidency as a bap tich of fire -

This Program is Captioned Live.

Also ahead, contradicting claims in Kenya over who is in control at the ongoing shopping centre siege in Nairobi. Scientists and politicians gather in Sweden to await the from
latest report on global warming from the IPCC. And a new era for the ALP with leadership candidates Anthony Albanese and Bill Shorten facing off in Sydney.

Hello, I'm Jeremy Fernandez, it's 7am in New York, where world leaders are gathering for the annual meeting of the UN General Assembly. With Australia currently holding the rotating Presidency of the Security Council, it's also an early test for the Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop. In a expert
moment we'll speak with an expert on international diplomacy, but first, north America correspondent Jane Cowan. Stepping out on the world stage. It was a whirlwind of a first international foray for Australia's newly minted foreign mib minimum, representing - Minister, representing the Abbott Government at the world's single biggest gathering of heads of state.

There were back to back meetings with the Foreign Ministers of nine countries, including Iran, China, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia where Australia's campaign to stop the boats was on the agenda. But our relationship with Indonesia is much broader than the one issue of border protection.At a women's round table, Julie Bishop spoke as Foreign
Australia's first female Foreign Minister, as tore the Cabinet...Not as many women as we would have liked but we have a talented pool from which to draw in the future.As the general Assembly convenes, the dilemma of how to enforce a plan to rid Syria of chemical weapons looms large. All eyes, too, are on the Iranian President, Hassan Rouhani, amid signs of a saw in relations with the US and hopes the moderate new leader might be open to curtailing his country's nuclear program. TRANSLATION:we will introduce the real face of the Iranian nation to the world, a nation that loves culture and peace. In terms of whether we are on the verge of a breakthrough, I would put it like this - I was struck, as I said, by the energy and determination that the Foreign Minister demonstrated to me. With so many international issues at a critical well be one of the most critical juncture, it could well be one of the most pivotal general assembly well be one of the general assembly meetings in recent memory. Dr Susan Harris Rimmer is the director of studies at the ANU's Asia Pacific college of diplomacy. She joins us live now from Canberra. Dr Susan Harris Rimmer, Julie Bishop described this as a bap tism of fire for Australia, given the UN at
huge issues that confront the UN at this stage. There are some marked differences between the Coalition's approach to foreign policy, to the visions that Kevin Rudd had for Australia's role at the UN. How do you think Julie Bishop's diplomatic skills and approach stack up? I think she'll go very well this week. I think she's been preparing very hard in Opposition for this moment. A wonderful debut for her, and an amaze s opportunity. Rudd once had 50 meetings a week, so let's see if she can beat that. She's already done nine on her first day. It is an extraordinary opportunity for bilateral negotiations as well there is a
as multilateral meetings. So this
there is a way of conducting this week that would fit with the foreign policy objectives by the Coalition to have more Jakarta, less Geneva.The Geneva issues, the broader international issues, pertain particularly to Australia's role at the Security Council, where it's holding the Presidency at the moment. There are big issues around Syria, around Sudan, around Iran. How does Julie Bishop and her team approach this and how do they prioritise what they need to achieve during this general assembly?Well, in the general Assembly, there will be a lot of speeches from leaders. The question is what is taken up on the Security Council agenda where if there is agreement during we might be called upon to week between Russia issue some sort of we issue some sort of statement.
There will be issue some sort There will be an arms trade open debate that Australia will will have
lead on 26 September. But she will have a lot lead on 26 September. But will have a lot of discussions to juggle this week. Not all of them have Australia at the centre of them. She'll certainly be a player, as certainly be a player, as the President, we are holding the Presidency of the Security Council.How significant a role can Australia play in this, because Kevin Rudd, as I said, had grand plans for Australia's role, as a middle power - Tony Abbott just before the election was speaking of Australia's role as being somewhat more subdued, to know its place in the world. What's your view inWell, some have foreign policy greatness thrust upon them and that's going to be Mr Abbott's fate. We hold our place in the Security Council, we will host the G20. He will be going to Jakarta next week. It's basically - this is wait the world is now. Even just to survive as a middle power, you need to be engaged in the world. I think Mr Abbott will rise to that over time.What are the chances, do you think, of the UN Security Council making a strong statement in the next few days and weeks about the situation in Syria? Well, it will really have to be in the next few days. It's going to be in leaders week that they have enough political momentum to nut out a deal at the Security Council. So it is eyes on them. The question is basically will they have ab agreement which talks about Syria disposing of its chemical weapons, but does not have enforcement mechanisms that authorises use of force under chapter 7 of the charter, or will they have such an enforcement mechanism, which is what the US wants. So there is the Russian position or had, the US position over here and it's not clear what the middle ground will be.You spoke about, you know, this line that Tony Abbott uses about less Geneva, more Jakarta. What room is there in this forum for those bilateral negotiations that you speak of, and what are the priorities going to be?Well, there is lots of room. In fact, really, that's what leaders week is all about. The corridor conversations, the side meetings. I believe that Julie Bishop has already met Iran, China, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. There is huge amounts of opportunities, both the scheduled meetings and just to meet and greet. This is her debut as President of the Security Council. She will have lots of opportunities to meet all the major figures in the world. 193 heads of State, that's a pretty efficient way to open your term as a Foreign Minister. Dr Susan Harris Rimmer, from the ANU, Asia thank
Pacific college of diplomacy, thank you for joining us on the program this evening. You are General
very welcome. With the UN General Assembly getting under way in New York this week, there has been renewed debate about the relevance of the organisation. In particular, the question of whether the UN, Second World
which was founded after the Second World War, truly reflects modern realities.For 60 years, this is where world leaders made their speeches. the words of figures like Kennedy, Cristoff, Castro, Reagan and Mandela were all heard in this room. Now it's closed foreign vation. This is the temporary building where conference
this meeting will take place, a a
conference room converted into a UN chamber, where once again there are likely to be calls not just for the modernisation of UN buildings, but of the whole system. When the UN was aftermath
first set up in the immediate aftermath of World War II the main decisive power was given has
to the UN Security Council. It has 15 members, but only five of them are permanent, only five have the veto. Those five are the countries that were on the winning side when the war ended. The world should be dynamic. Things are changing and we should rise to the
occasion. The system that was

occasion. developed at the occasion. The system that developed at the time was a
good one, developed at the good one, but over the years, good things have changed, and those things have incorporated. The UN system works when the five major works when the five powers are in agreement, but when they disagree, there is deadlock. For two and a half years, there has been no progress at all on Syria while over 100,000 people have died. Observers say it shows all the flaws that exist in the flaws that exist in the system,
one of those voices is a former UK Diplomat who now advises the Syrian Opposition. One of the very odd things that I experienced when I was on the council was that the one group of people you could guarantee would not be consulted on what Security Council
was being discussed in the Security Council were the people most affected. So, you know, whether it's Iraqis, Kosova, Sudanese or Syrian s, the legitimate representatives would never get a chance to have a say on what they thought the world should do. World leaders have been arriving here much
in New York. There will be much talk over the next week about reform of a whole UN system, but there is little chance of concrete progress in what so many people say are much needed changes.You are watching 'The World' on ABC News 24. Still to come, the latest from Kenya on the conflicting claims over the Nairobi shopping mall siege. We speak with coordinating lead Peace
author for the IPCC and Nobel Peace Prize winner Don Wuebbles from Stockholm about the panel's much anticipated report. And later, revealing an
the mysteries of black holes, physicist.
an interview with the as troe Authorities in Kenya say they have control of the shopping centre that's been besieged by militants for nearly four days now. There is still no sign of the hostages who are being held or either dead or alive. either dead or alive. Martin Cuddihy reports from Nairobi. The early morning was again punctuated by bursts of gunfire from inside the Westgate stropping centre. Back smoke and flames powered from the building, the final push to save the remaining hostages began 24 hours ago. A series of explosions shook them all. Troops took cover as the firing intensified. Kenyan authorities blamed the attackers for the thick column of smoke that was seen for kilometres. We have done can
search of the building, and we can confirm that the hostage s, almost all of them have been evacuated.It is understood several militants have been killed. The fate of the other attackers isn't known, although the Government identified some of them as westerners. From the information that we have, two or three American s, and I think so far I have heard of one Brit. And the Brit was a British-born woman?A woman, woman. She was I think done this many times before.The incident captivated the people of Nairobi, who turned up to watch the final assault. Among the many faces was a man who told us the militants tried to kill him. I saw he was aiming directly at me, with the machine-gun. The bullet passed across my head, where I was coming from.It's understood Kenyan troops had international help in the mission to free the hostages, with reports that British, Israeli and American aadviser s played a role. There is more support being promised. We will provide them with whatever law enforcement support that is necessary, and we are confident that which has been a pillar of stability in eastern Africa, will rebuild. .As Kenyan security forces complete their mopping up operation, going shop to shop, they say a few some
militants are still hiding in some of the 80 stores. They say they have sealed all the exits, and there is no room for escape.

The ABC's Martin Cuddihy is in Nairobi now and joins us on the phone. Martin, the facts of this have been fluctuating quite a bit. Since last night, when we saw that smoke arising from the Westgate shopping mall, there have been conflicting claims about just who is in control. What's the latest?Well, Kenyan authorities have been keen to point out right from the very start that they are in fact in control of this situation, but just a short time ago, perhaps an hour or maybe more, I heard gun shots coming the Westgate shopping centre so
that indicates to gun shots coming from inside
the no-one is in that indicates no-one is in control at this
stage. that indicates to me that
no-one is stage. The kebian authorities
may well exits and confined may well have sealed all building, but inside is a very different matter, and we police
understand - I spoke to a police officer a little earlier today and he told me that this sweeping
is a very slow process, sweeping the mall from top to sweeping the mall from top bottom, because there are militants still inside, and because every storeroom, every roof cavity, every rubbish bin short
has to be searched. Just a short time ago we heard explosions coming from the mall and we understand that that is in fact booby traps that have been detonated in a controlled fashion by Ken yab authorities -. Kenyan authorities.So we understand there are militants obviously still inside. What about hostages? That, we are receiving conflicting reports. We have heard that the hostages have all been freed. That was one report that came out from a Kenyan authority this morning. Then Al Shabab, this militant organisation, out of Somalia, Hasan been using social media very effectively during this past four days, and they are saying that they have been in contact with what they are calling the mujahideen inside Westgate and they claim there are still live hostages inside. So, germ middle, it's difficult - Jeremy, it is difficult to tell.The death toll since we spoke yesterday has been coming down somewhat. We were reporting there were 68 dead, now it seems the number is closer to 60, may rise again. That's right. Just in the last few moment s I have been passed a note from my producer which reads that one of the local media stations here is reporting that three soldiers have been confirm ed dead during that insurge answer into the mall and 11 other soldiers have sustained injury and have been admitted to the Defence Force's memorial hospital. So the death toll has just risen while I'm speaking to you now. The problem, I think, with the earlier higher death toll was that there had been some double counting by some of the charities here. Authorities are saying it is down to 62. That doesn't include those three soldiers I just mentioned to you there. So the other thing we have heard is that there are a number of bodies that are irr retrievable inside the mall. So that would also bring the death toll higher.What about the missing - does that number remain fairly high? There are still quite a few people missing. I couldn't give you an exact figure on that. It's come down since the 68 initially. They were saying that number was overstated quite significantly. So actually I'm standing outside a make-shift Red Cross, I guess, help centre, for want of a better description, at the moment, and this is where people are coming to register that they have missing loved ones, to see if they are on - if their loved ones are on any of the lists. That's the list provided by hospitals of the injured, the wounded and also from the city's morgue here. So we have just spoken to one gentleman here, he told us a very sad story about how his brother worked at - sorry, his cousin worked at Westgate mall, but they haven't heard from him since Saturday, so they have decided to come here and see what more they could learn.The ABC's Martin Cuddihy reporting from Nairobi. As Martin just mentioned, he's just received soldiers
information that three Kenyan soldiers have been killed in that incursion into the Westgate mall, a situation that remains very fluid, and it seems that neither side, neither the militants from Al Shabab or the Kenyan military is fully in control. We'll bring you updates on that story as they come to hand. The former US President Bill Clinton paid tribute to a Tasmanian man and his partner killed in anybody. Ross Langdon was working in Africa on cultural projects. His girlfriend, Elif Yavuz, was employed by the Clinton foundation in Tanzania. He recently met Ms Yavuz. A wonderful Dutch nurse in Nairobi because she was about to have a baby and she and the baby's father were just Tasmanian
strolling through the mall.The Tasmanian Parliament has also expressed con lenses to the couple's families. Mr Langdon and Ms Yavuz were both highly regarded and respected as people who had dedicated their the
lives to making a difference in the world through their work in developing countries.The couple had been together for three years. Let's turn to other news now. The former US nuclear safety chief says the at
problem of contaminated water problem of contaminated at Japan's crippled nuclear power planned has been nuclear power planned known to be an issue for some
time. known to be an chairman
time. Gregor Jaczko was chairman of the US nuclear regulatory commission during the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan. The crisis caused three reactors to melt and damaged a fuel cooling pool at another. Officials acknowledged that radiation contamination groundwater has been seeping into the ocean. It's been known for a long time that this would be an issue. My biggest surprise is to some extent how it's been allowed to deteriorate a little bit, and how it's almost become a surprise again that there are there is
contamination problems, that there is leakage out to the sea. So that's really the bigger concern in my mind, how the focus was lost on the need to continue to address this groundwater contamination problem.Mr Jaczko stresses there needs to be continuous monitoring.Greenpeace activists who tried to scale a Russian Arctic offshore oil platform last week are likely to face charges of pie lasty. The investigative committee says the group, which includes an Australian and Australian resident, will be prosecuted regardless of citizenship. The committee has opened a criminal case on suspicion of piracy, a charge which carries a sentence of up to 15 years in Russia. Colin Russell and Alex Harris are among those detained. The Captain of the Costa Concordia has blamed his Indonesian helmsman for running the ship into rocks and killing 32 people last year. Francesco Schettino has told a court set up in a theatre in Tuscanny that his junior officer steered left. Schettino's argument was who
rejected by an expert witness who said the ship would have hit the rocks anyway. The man dubbed 'Captain Coward' in the Italian media is facing multiple charges including manslaughter and abandoning ship. Underwater robots have resumed a search for two whose bodies have still yet to be retrieved.In the Philippines, moon soon rains triggered landslides killing at least 20 people. Soldiers in villages have been searching for several people still missing in mountainside homes hit by rocks and mud. One man said a land slide had buried three of his children, three others were saved. The death toll from a series of storms across Asia is now reaching 50. The two men vying to lead the Federal Labor Party have participated in the first debate of the party's leadership campaign. Anthony Albanese and Bill Shorten both gave opening statements before answering questions from the party faithful. Mr Shorten says he's running on a platform of party, policies and people. Mr Albanese says he's campaigning on vision, unity and strength. Our challenge in Labor is if we can foresee the future, how do we make sure that we walk alongside our community and stand up for them and assist them navigate to the I
future? This is the challenge, I believe, for anyone who wishes to lead Labor and for all of us who live in the political house of Labor. But we must take stock of where we are. Whilst the Rudd and Gillard Governments accomplished much, the NBN, the National Disability Insurance Scheme, putting a price on carbon, guiding us through the global financial crisis, we cannot gift-wrap the election result. We came second. More than that, only 34 in every 100 Australians put a number one next to us. My objective is to lead, not just a parliamentary party, not just a political party, but a movement committed to a better and fairer Australia. We have, in this historic ballot, an opportunity to have real momentum, whether Bill, who would make a great leader of the Labor Party, and one that I would be very proud to serve, or myself, is suck sus fell - successful, we have an opportunity to unite, draw a line in the sand behind past divisions, and move forward as a team.Anthony Albanese there. A week after the Climate Commission was axed, the research body has announced it will continue its work by raising money from the public instead. The Commission, which had a budget of $5.5 million over four years to study the impact of global warming was abolished in one of the first acts of the Abbott Government. Former chief Commissioner, Professor Tim Flannery will lead the newly formed Australian Climate Council. It will be a fiercely independent and apolitical body focused and and apolitical body focused providing the facts. all going to to get this off the ground. all going to volunteer our time to get Professor Flannery says more than 5,000 Australians have Professor Flannery made donations already than 5,000 made donations fund the council. The latest international report on climate change later this week is expected to confirm human activity is primarily responsible for global warming. In the last 100 years there has been an increase in the global average temperature of 0.8 degrees celsius and further rises are project egted. What is baffling is that for the last 15 years temperatures haven't gone above the level recorded in 1998. The air we breath is changing. It now holds more of the warming gas CEO than at any time in. Crops burned last year in America's hottest month ever. In China this summer, people were desperate to keep cool in heat that no-one had spern experienced. So how much is the planet warming? The red area shows computer simulations of the global average temperature. The white line is what's actually being recorded. Temperatures rising, recently, until 15 years ago, for some reason they paysed.Decade on decade, global warming is proceeding as expected. That said, within the past 15 years, we have seen little warming at the surface, and that in itself is enough to tell us that the most warming over the next 20 or 30 most extreme projections of years are looking less likely. That's clearly good news. One explanation is that the sun is giving off less heat. Another is that industrial pollution is reflecting the sun's rays. A third idea is that the oceans are warming. Scientists have a network of devices that are measuring a rise in water temperatures. The deep ocean has without doubt warmed up since the 1980s, but the ocean is so vast that even 100th of a degree temperature change is significant in terms of the impact that that will have on the atmosphere above it. So there are several theories for why the warming of the planet has paused. The most plausible answer for many scientists does lie in the oceans with all of the different currants. So far the evidence from the deep is still pretty sparse, so at this stage, no-one can be really sure. One blogger read by thousands every day has long raised questions about the pause. Andrew Montford accepts man kind is affecting the climate, but says there is so much the scientists don't know. If they can't explain it, then they should say so. And people will learn from that, are that there's a lot about the climate system that scientists understand. That's the truth, and that's what the public needs to know. A major report on climate change is due on Friday, the scientists will try to explaining why temperatures have paused while insisting that gloubl warming in - global warming in the long-term remains a dangerous threat.Scientists and politicians are gathering in Stockholm to await that latest report from the IPCC. The UN's intergovernmental panel climate change. The last report which came out in 2010 was considered so important it led to the IPCC being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Al Gore. The coordinating lead author of that report, Wuebbles wush, joins us - Don Wuebbles, violence us from swee -. Joins us. How much of that pausing - how much does that go against the grain of the message you are trying to communicate that this is indeed a serious change that's taking place?Well, first of all, thank you for having me on. The this slow-down, these type of slowdowns have occurred in the past, as well as what we are seeing now. So, first of we
all, it's not surprising that we are seeing such a have seen we are seeing such a period. We
have seen such periods in the past. Secondly, past. Secondly, as your previous discussion on the air had discussed, we have been seeing the effects seeing the effects being a key role in this. I think it is important to realise that there is much we understand about the system, but there are things, you know, we are still trying to learn. One of those we are trying to fully explain, in still no
this recent period - there is still no question that this is the warmest decade in human history, that the year 2010 was the warmest ever. But, nonetheless, understanding why this has been a slower period of change, you know, it's likely related to what's going on in the ocean cycles and some of the other factors that were discussed earlier, but fully explaining that is a job we have before us over the few years.Now, there's been a lot of speculation about this IPCC report upcoming, what the main points will be. The IPCC has suffered in the past some hits to its credibility, I guess. What can you tell us about what we can expect and how it's likely to go down with the public around the world. I think we have six more years of data since we did the last assessment. That additional information, measurements with satellites from, you know, many different types of measurements all over the world, have basically further amplified the conclusions that not only that our climate is changing, that it's climate changing rapidly, and that human activities are primarily the basis for those changes, especially over primarily the basis for changes, especially over the last 50 years.Is there a concern that the public doesn't concern that point of view
really understand, perhaps, the point of view of you and your colleagues about how serious this may be as a problem? Because in many ways, as we heard in that report just a moment ago, 0.8 degrees doesn't really sound like that much?
No, I think the public is kind of confused. I think for one thing there is a lot of misinformation in the media about what is happening to climate. The public doesn't realise that an ice age was basically ten degrees. So a one degree change is actually a fairly large change in the global climate system. As a result, we are seeing lots of impacts. Not just that the temperature is changing, the sea level is rising, we are seeing major decreases in glaciers, major changes in ice, land and at sea. We are seeing major effects on severe weather. All of those, you know, are aspects of this important
changing climate, and are important to understand and to recognise how much those can affect our society.Professor, what one of the first acts of Australia's new PM, Tony Abbott, was to axe the Climate Commission. The members of that organisation thousand said they will continue their work on a voluntary basis. What do you make of the initiative, the Government's decision to axe it? Is it the right thing to communicate the
do? Does it necessarily to the public?
communicate the right decision to the public? I think first of all communication of this issue is extremely important. There is no question in nigh mind as a scientist - my mind that this is one of the most society.
important issues facing society. I'm very concerned about what that means not only and
to ourselves, but our children and our grandchildren, so I think it's very important that the understanding of the science and concerns of the science, about the potential impacts, are available to the public. So communication is extremely important. Whether process
that is done through Government process or outside of that is not so clear, but it is clear that communication is important. lost Professor Don important. We appear to he
lost Professor Don Wuebbles as lost Professor Don he was wrapping up that interview. Thank you for joining he was wrapping up joining us, if you can interview. Thank you World'.
hear me. You are watching 'The World'. Coming up after the international weather, our Middle East correspondent Matt Brown reports on the millions of people at of people at risk of starvation in Syria's civil war. In world sport, Team USA is closing the gap on NZ in the America's Cup. And later, the campaign to keep 'Australia' Australia's ring at her English country - Jane Austin's ring at her English country home. The next cold front moving through into WA overnight and tomorrow morning, will reach the south east of the continent as we head into towards the evening. So it will see some showers increasing for Adelaide, but one or two in Hobart in the morning clearing and contracting back to the west. Showers possible through the day for Perth with some strong and gusty winds once again.

You are watching 'The World' on ABC News 24. I'm Jeremy Fernandez. Let's bring you a reminder of our top stories. World leaders are gathering in New York for the UN general assembly. Julie Bishop is representing Australia in her first major engagement since becoming the Foreign Minister. It's expected there could be landmark discussions between Iran, and the US on tay ran's nuclear program. The UN envoy to Somalia is calling for additional African troops to combat Al Shabab. The militant group that is behind ongoing siege at the Westgate mall in Nairobi. Kenyan special forces appear to be closing in on the final attackers holed up in the mall since Saturday, who are claiming to have rescued all of the hostages. Scientists and politicians are meeting in Stockholm to debate the latest climate change report from the noble Price prize winning IPCC. It's expected to state with more confident that its previous four assessments that climate change is mostly man-made. Meanwhile, a new community funded climate science organisation headed up by Tim Flannery has been launched after the Federal Government scrapped the launched after Government commission that Government scrapped the chiment
commission that is last week. The commission that is last The mystery surrounding black holes and a knew discovery on how they work. Despite hopes that Syria's chemical weapons will be destroyed, there are other less publicised threats in the civil war. The international aid agency Save becoming
The Children says hunger is becoming a problem as millions of Syrians are plunged into poverty. Middle East correspondent Matt Brown reports from the Zaatari refugee camp in northern Jordan.The war has gone on so long now Syrians aren't just fleeing the killing, they are also fleeing mounting poverty and even hunger. The conflict has pushed 7 million people into poverty and the UN says 4 million now need food aid. At the Zaatari refugee camp, Hamra, a mother of four said they weren't starving before they left, but were forced to go without basics like bread. She said family life was hit hard by price z which rose by as much as 500%, and her children were sometimes tired due to hunger. The charity Save The Children is for
coordinating food deliveries for around 110,000 people here. Its Middle East director, Australian, Roger Hearn, says children sh especially hard hit when nutrition becomes an issue. Now to see people making choices, life and death choices in some situations, about whether to stay or whether to go based on issues such as hunger, it's really quite appalling.The UN says that in the past year alone, the number of people who need aid inside Syria has shot up from 2.5 to 6.8 million. Despite the breakthrough on the vexed issue of chemical breakthrough on the of chemical weapons, there is still no deal on what aid agencies of chemical weapons, there is agencies have long pushed for - a basic agencies have long a basic agreement to allow aid across Syria's front lines. Russia says UN weapons inspectors will return to Syria tomorrow to continue investigating allegations of chemical weapons used there. It's the first time the inspectors will return to Damascus since confirming that sarin gas was used in an attack on August 21. The UN team wasn't empowered to abortion blame for that attack. The visit is taking place after Russia accused the US of trying to blackmail it into supporting a tough UN resolution on Syria. The Opposition in Cambodia has carried out its threat to boycott the opening of Parliament. It's the latest twist in the ongoing dispute over the result of the general election that was held in July. Zoe Daniel reports. The King opened the first parliamentary session since the July election. Both the Government and Opposition claimed victory after the poll, but official results gave victory to the Government led by long-term PM. Hun Sen - Hun. The Opposition alleged vote rigs and is boycotting the opening as it continues to call for an TRANSLATION: We
independent investigation. TRANSLATION: We are not interested in the opening of the national assembly. What the governing party has done this morning is regarded by cam bodance as going back to the communist regime because the meeting was made by a single party only.Opposition street protests last week saw the death of one man and others injured in clashes with police. Another protest held last night also saw peaceful demonstrators attacked by what appeared to be police and civilians armed with sling shots and tasers. Opening the Parliament, the King urged the country to stand united. Let's take a change of pace now, a team of researchers from Sydney University has discovered that black holes power up and down and that a our
huge explosion at the centre of our own gallingcy will happen again. Professor Joss Bland-Hawthorn led the substitute, and joins us now in the studio. Professor Joss Bland-Hawthorn, it sounds intriguing. I don't really understand the significance of what you discovered. understand what you discovered. Talk us what you through firstly what is a what you discovered. Talk hole. How does it work? through firstly what is hole. How does it work?A black hole is a massive object, and it's something which is so massive that light can't even escape. Every object has an escape speed. The earth, for example, to get away from the earth you have to be travelling at a certain speed, rocket speed, to get away. Some objects are so massive that the escape speed is basically the speed of light, and therefore not even light escapes.So now you and your team have discovered these black holes power up and down. What does that mean?The first thing to get your head around is how it is you can see stuff around a black hole. The picture I often use with students is you pick up a bucket of water and throw it into a bath tub. You'd be surprised if all that water went down the plug hole in one second flat. It wouldn't. The water would spin first around the plug hole. The same thing happens with gas. If you try and throw a it
gas and stars into a black hole it tends to spin around the black hole before it falls in. As it spins around the black hole it gets very, very hot.This is what we are looking at right now. Is that gas spinning, is it?This is gas spinning around the black hole and it gets very, very and starts to beam radiation along the spin axis, which is the blue stuff you can see there.This was generating quite a bit of conversation this afternoon amok our producers - someone asked when the gas goes into the black hole, where does it go?Very good question. It's lost for hole. The annual way to see it g - only way to see it is to go into the black hole and find it.You've also, we understand, an explosion happened in our own Galaxy, is that right?So black holes themselves are basically ineffort, massive and nothing escapes. What really happens is the activity around the black hole, the e creation disk, so in that movie you were matching, that's called the ecretion disk of material falling into the black hole. That gets so hot it generates X-rays and powerful winds and jets and beams of light.Where is this happening in relation to this Galaxy?Our own Galaxy has a very massive black hole, four million times the mass of our sun and it's been growing for 13 or 14 billion years. It's been growing for the entire age of the universe.This really doesn't sound promising for the earthIf the very distant future, we'd be having problems. But for billions of years we are fine.What are you going to do with this research?So the thing to get one's head around is the fact that every Galaxy has one of these black holes. Our own is no exception. Most of them look inert and quiet. In fact, quiet.
our own black hole is very quiet. A hundred million times below what it can do if it wants to.We are looking at an image here?Again, this is gas falling into a black hole and showing you how these things that come off the hole, the blue stuff, can sometimes be linear jets, can sometimes be strange shapes like you see here. So what's happened is our own black hole has been gas and dust has been falling into it for billions of years, and every now and then it undergoes an enormous explosion. So powerful, it can out-shine the entire Galaxy. So the question then becomes when it last happened in our own Galaxy, so of
people have said maybe billions of years ago, but it turns out from our own research this happened only two million years ago.Which, in galactic terms is not that long ago. This is two million years ago, so basically a flash in the pan. When cave men walked the earth this happened within, scales when you this happened within, time scales when you know scales when creatures were walking the creatures were walking something you can predict?No, that is a very per sep alternative question. I alternative question. I will struggle to explain why. Like earthquakes, volcanos, they erupt and then they don't e represent erupt. If you wait long enough, it will happen. We don't know when the next Kyoto, Tokyo, will happen. But if we wait long enough, it will occur. In the meantime, lots of little explosions occur. The big ones come once in a blue moon, in this case once every few million years.Not the most cheery of subjects, but certainly fascinating science. Thank you for coming in. Thank you very much.If you are a fan of Wallace and Gromit, you'll love this next story. What started as a simple idea to raise money for a British chirp's hospital has - Children's Hospital has surpassed all expectations. John Kay from the BBC explains.He went walkies for the summer, 80 giant Gromits dotted all over Bristol. The challenge was to try to find them all. Now, before they are auctioned off for charity, there is one final dog show. By celebrity artists, and people have been queueing for up to 8 hours to get inside. This is great. His cheeky smile, he's just funny. Everyone's smiling and laughing, and everywhere you look is smiling faces.I hope it's worth it? It will be. I off my have' cleared my off my phone.Joe found almost all of them during the off my phone.Joe found all of them during the summer,
but now wants to see the last one. Has it become a bit of an obsession for one. Has it become a bit of obsession for you, thisIs yes, it has. I've taken my little brothers and nephews around, they absolutely love it.Who loves it more, them or you?Me.The Wallace and Gromit films are made in Bristol and they are Oscar-wishing creator can't believe the public myself
response. I have to pinch myself and say did I have something to do with this. This dog I made at college, has come to this.8,000 people have already registered to buy a Gromit in the auction. Joe is just glad to have found her last one.

China's wealthy esman could soon be wearing a different hat. He's announced the construction of a mega movie city to join his property empire. The launch was a start-studded affair. A smash of showbusiness, courtesy of Hollywood A listers flown into the city, especially for event. The launch of the city's oriental movie me trop list, the biggest single investment in the history of the movie and TV industry. I'm very happy that they chose this city. It is very beautiful. There will are more people coming here to make films and attend the festive. The man behind the project is China's richest tycoon, Wang Jianlin, whose conglomerate completed a 2.5 billion buyout of America's cinema chain. TRANSLATION: The cultural industry, also called the entertainment industry, is a higher level industrial model. In the west its development has slowed down, but in China, it's a sunrising industry that's just starting so we have great hope. The project, which will incorporate 20 sound stages, as well as hotels, shopping malls and an amusement park is seen as his biggest move yet. It is also seen as further evidence of the growing importance of the Chinese market to the world's film makers. Enough to make stars like Nicole Kidman learn to say Hi in Chinese. TransExpect many more red carpets leading to China's door.One of the world's most advanced warships has docked in Melbourne. The British Navy's HMS Daring arrived yesterday for a short stop on a trip to Sydney. The 1.6 billion dollar ship may not look that big but its Captain says it's a pocket rocket. Its job is to guard larger ships, such as helicopter ships and amphibious ships. We can do boardings and patrolling operations.The ship has been brought to Australia for the international fleet review along with dozens of other Navy ships from around the world. been dropped from the squad to play two friendlies in October. friendlies in veteran goalkeeper had outing veteran goalkeeper had an
outing to forget earlier this month, letting in six goals against Brazil. month, letting in six against Brazil. Australian
coach Holger Osieck says it's not a position based on form. I know what he can I know what he can do and his status in the team. He's our number one goalkeeper, but if I keep playing him what about the othersThe Socceroos will play France in Paris on Saturday, October 12, before taking on Canada in London five days later. Team USA is putting up a real challenge in the America's Cup series again denying Team NZ the one victory they needed to take the trophy. The Kiwis led 8 to 1 last week, with nine wins needed for the Cup. They were unable to dlinch victory after the Americans crossed the finish line 33 seconds ahead of the challengers. The series now 8-6, America just needs three more wins to retain possession of the Auld Mug. Gary Ablett Junior says he wants to extend his contract at the Gold Coast Suns after being crowned the AFL's best and fairest player. The 29-year-old last night accepted his second Brownlow Coast Suns.
Medal, the first for the Gold Gary Ablett
Coast Suns. While most agree Gary Ablett Junior is one of the modern greats, the man himself was still in a state of disbelief the morning after winning the Brownlow Medal. I'm sure it's something I'll be able to look back on at the end of my career and, you know, compared to some of the guys like that, absolute champions honour.
of the game, is an absolute honour. I just - I really can't believe sitting here that I've won two medals.He polled three votes in the final round to beat former team mate and one.
Geelong skipper Joel Selwood by one. It was kind of hard for me because it would have been great to have him up there. he
I'm sure, you know, amazing as he is and as humble as he is, are he would have liked to have been up there as well.Excitement continues to build in WA, heading into Fremantle's first Grand Final appearance in its 19-year history. CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

Around 6,000 fans showed their purple pride at training ahead of Saturday's decider against Hawthorn. It's fantastic, great to have the support down here and all the purple, hopefully a lot of them can get over to Melbourne.The Hawks are ready and waiting for the Dockers and their army, and the minor premiers insist they aren't intimidated by Fremantle's much-hyped defensive prowess. Every finals game you play, the pressure's up. I think because the media have sort of hung onto it a little bit it tends to grow legs. No to grow legs. No doubt they
are a great pressure side, but I think if you look at the Saturday stats, so are we.The Brisbane Lions are set to unveil former player, Justin Leppitsch, as they are head coach. Manly named fullback Brett Stewart for Friday night's NRL preliminary final against south. While still struggling with a hamstring injury, he is expected to be ready in time.A welcome sight for Manly fans, Brett Stewart back running in the team's first training session of the week. I can't predict how he'll pull up at the end of the week after some of - a couple of training sessions. I'm hoping through the advice of medical staff, and himself, that he will be fine.It's the strongest indication Stewart has given yet, that he'll be right to play in Friday's sudden death semi-final against the Rabbitohs. Brett's a confidence person, he adds points to us and also stops them scoring Anthony watt mow was restricted to a spectator, he is considered a certain starter. In a not so welcome sight for Roosters, the minor premiers had their feathers Russelled - a club spokesperson said the visit was routine and part of ASADA's random testing program. So excited. You know, I have said it before, and it's two weeks, but it feelts like two years. You know, pretty keen to get back out there.The Roosters maintain they won't be indim dated by the Wayne Bennett coach. Mitchell Pearce believes their coach will go on to be just believes their coach will to be just as to Wayne Bennett is obviously one of the true greats, but Wayne Bennett is robbo is going down that path.Fans will be anticipating the reunion of two of the game's biggest personalities, the last time the Roosters played the Knights, sunny played the Knights, sunny bill Williams left Willie Mason with a fractured cheekbone.

A precious ring once owned by the novelist Jane Austin is to remain in the UK. The ring was bought by the American singer agreed
Kelly Clarkson, but she's agreed to give it up. One ring, two women, three centuries of history. It first belonged to Jane Austin and was passed down through her family. Last year, the American pop singer Kelly Clarkson, who liked it so much she wore a replica, paid 150,000 pounds for the original at auction. But fearing a major work of art would be lost to Britain, an export ban was imposed. The Austin Museum then campaigned to match the funds to keep it and now they have succeeded. Amazing, and very grateful to everyone who has donated, large or small, and grateful also to Kelly Clarkson, because without the publicity of it belonging to ta young lady, I don't think we have would have ever been able to raise that money so quickly.It's here, at Jordan, in the final eight years of her life, that Jane Austin wrote or revised all her major novels, including pride and prejudice and Emma. It's also where the ring will finally be returned in time for value len tine's day of next year. art through export bans can be controversial. These art through export bans controversial. These two pieces were kept, but this pair, by George Stu about, bs are still being challenged by foreign buyers. If we stop worrying about who works like that drifted abroad, it would be the same stopping worrying about our culture itself. So yes it does matter.We don't know what Jane Austin thought of her ring as she wrote here, but Kelly Clarkson is said to be happy it's staying in Britain. A little bit of pride, sense and persuasion, combining to keep it here. World' on
You've been watching 'The World' on a night when the annual UN General Assembly is due to get under way in New York with Australia taking a lead role as the current President of the Security Council. Military officials say three Kenyan soldiers have died in the ongoing Nairobi shopping centre siege. You'll find details and much more on our website at abc.net.au/news. We'll also post the latest news and cover yanlg plans on Twitter. You'll I'll be back with the moment.
national headlines in just a moment. Don't go away.

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The top stories from ABC News, the two men vying to lead the Federal Labor Party in Parliament have taken their first leadership debate. Bill Shorten says he's running on a platform of party, policies and people. Anthony Albanese says he's campaigning on vision, unity and strength - both use their speeches to restate their support for a price on carbon. Whilst the wud and Gillard governments accomplished much, the apology to the Stolen Generations, guiding us through the Global Financial Crisis, we cannot gift wrap the election would
result. Whether bill, who would make a great leader of the Labor Party and one that I would be very proud to serve, or myself is successful, are we have an opportunity to unite,