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(generated from captions) for joining us on One Plus One.Thank you Jane. Before we go, come and be part of the studio audience when I interview popular writer Kathy Lette. We are recording late afternoon on Wednesday, 9 October in Sydney.

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This Program Is Captioned Live. Tonight on The World, medics join the exodus from Syria World, medics from Syria as the country's deputy prime minister says he's from Syria as the deputy prime minister says ready for a ceasefire. And mixed messages ready for a ceasefire. mixed messages from Russia's President on whether the chemical weapons plan will work. We have to recognise that the world is watching to see whether we can avert military action.Also ahead, it's early morning in the United States and Americans are waking to news of another mass shooting, this time in Chicago. A 3-year-old child is among the wounded. In Germany, the countdown is on to this weekend's election with chancellor Angela Merkel ahead in the polls and looking set to win a third term. There's alsoany lection in northern Sri Lanka where a provincial poll is threatening to stir up old animosities between the Government and Tamils. Hello, I'm Jane Hutcheon. The Syrian deputy prime minister, Qadri Jamil, says the country's civil war has reached a stalemate and the Government is ready to call for a ceasefire. Mr Jamil's comments to 'The Guardian' newspaper came as a group of leading doctors warned that the medical system in Syria is on the verge of collapse. In a letter published in the Lancet today, the medics say the majority of hospitals have either been damaged or destroyed. They also believe about 15,000 medical staff have been forced to leave the country. Syria's ever-worsening civil war has laid waste to towns and cities across the country. So much so that thousands of casualties from the fighting are now being treated in make-shift clinics like this. Many others receive no treatment at all according to the letter published in the
to the Lancet today. It also says Syria's doctors and nurses are being deliberately and systematically targeted, as are attacked from
the hospitals. Fear of being attacked from the air is particularly acute. No surprise then that thousands of medical staff have joined the exodus from Syria, seeking shelter in neighbouring countries. But by becoming refugees, they've compounded the problems for those still in Syria trying to keep some kind of medical service going for those in need. In response to the letter in the Lancet, the Prime Minister David Cameron says Britain will call for full unfettered humanitarian access in Syria at next week's meeting of the UN general assembly. The lives of an increasing number of Syrian people depend on the country's medal is services and supplies being restored as quickly as possible. The Russian Government is sending mixed messages on plans to remove Syria's chemical weapons. President Vladamir Putin says he's not 100% sure that the Assad regime is capable of carrying out the process but he says he's hopeful. Here's Europe correspondent Mary Gearin. The Russian President may well have wanted to sound confident about his ally's intention to remauve its chemical weapons but in this forum with journalists he introduced an element uncertainty. TRANSLATION: Syria announced it is ready to join, not only ready but already considers itself a member of the chemical weapons convention. These are practical steps the Syrian Government has already taken. Whether it will be able to bring this process to the end I cannot be sure but everything we have seen until now and the last few days gives me confidence it will be done. At the same time, the President was facing a blistering assessment from US Senator John McCain on a Russian website in response to Mr Putin's recent piece in the 'New York Times'. The Senator accuses Mr Putin of destroying Russia's global reputation, of backing tyrants and residing over a corrupt system.Russia remains defiant on Syria, insisting rebels could have launched last month's chemical weapons attack. A clearly frustrated John Kerry says it's clear Assad was responsible and the Security Council next week must take firm action. Let's not spend time debating what we spend time already know. Instead, already know. Instead, we have to already know. Instead, to recognise that the world is watching to recognise that the watching to see whether we can avert military action. While the world's major powers the world's major powers remain at loggerheads and the body that would help oversee the removal and destruction of the weapons post-pones a meeting of its executive council to the weekend, the newest unverified footage from Syria suggests the bloody civil war will not wait for diplomacy. 12 people including a 3-year-old boy have been injured in a shooting attack in the US city of Chicago. It happened on a basketball court in what police say is a gang-related incident. I can't remember a situation where this many people were shot at one location. It's quite unusual even with as bad as things have been here lately. The 3-year-old is the most seriously injured with a gunshot wound to the head. A man with two bullet wounds to the stomach is also in a serious condition. The shooting comes four days after a gunman killed 12 people at a navy yard in Washington, re-igniting debate about America's gun culture. Peter Nickeas is a reporter for the Chicago Tribune and has been covering the shootings. He joins me now on the phone. Peter, thank you very much for taking our call. What can you tells about the gunman? There were two gunmen. What police young men walked into the park and started shooting. It was about 10:15 am. 13 people were hit. We knew there was a child shot and then people turned up to area hospitals. The 3-year-old is expected to be OK. Apparently he's in good spirits. He was hit in the jaw area, the upper part near his cheek. The family said he's going to need plastic surgery to fix his face but nothing in his torso or anything like that. They're relieved as far as you can be considering the boy has a gunshot wound.We don't have a great reception with you but I'll try one more question. We've heard that gun crime is not the best in your city. Can you tell us how common are shootings? There are about 2000 shootings every year in this city, that's about a normal number here. About 450 or so a year are fatal. There's probably 2100 to 2500 people who survive gunshot wounds every year in this city so it's an everyday thing across the city. Given that this has come four days after the shooting at the Washington navy base, are people on edge in Chicago? I think people are on edge in a lot of these neighbourhoods regardless of what happens. I don't see how the two connect. This is an area that's a gang conflict zone. It's identified by the police department as one. From where I'm standing I can see graffiti from different gangs, some of it disrespectful towards each other. It's an area where shootings happen. People in the neighbourhood, know
people who live in these areas know what's what so it's not something that's foreign to them by any means. 13 people getting shot is a big deal but the idea of gunfire or shootings being out of normal is not the case here.Peter Nickeas from the Chicago Tribune, many thanks for speaking to us on The World. Thank you.Stay with us on the program. Still to come, concerns for Australians detained by Russian forces during an environmental protest in the Arctic. Ahead of this weekend's German elections, we speak with Esther Blank and later a discussion on human rights abuse allegations in Sri Lanka with a crucial poll tomorrow in Tamil territory. Suspected Al Qaeda militants have killed dozens of people in three smans attacks in Yemen. According to officials, two of the three attacks in province involved car bombs. The province involved The deadliest was at a The deadliest camp targeting The deadliest was at a army camp targeting soldiers
nearby oil
responsible for security at nearby oil fped. The Federal Government is seeking information from Russia about the welfare of an Australian and an Australian resident who were among dozens of Greenpeace activists whose ship has been seized in the Arctic. Activists aboard the 'Arctic Sunrise' have been protesting against the region's first oil-drilling rig. Tasmanian Colin Russell and Sydney resident Alex Harris managed to alert Greenpeace that the ship was being boarded by armed Russian forces before the door of the radio room was smashed in. Earlier in the week, two activists scaled an oil rig owned by a Russian energy giant but Greenpeace says Russia acted illegally when it took the 'Arctic Sunrise' and its crew into custody. They haven't been allowed to see lawyers. They have been detained. What we understand is that the 'Arctic Sunrise' is under the control of the Russian disphorts is being taken towards the closest port which we believe is Murmansk. The Russian consulate in Sydney has refused to accept a letter calling for the activists and ship to be released. Three Australian Special Forces soldiers serving in Afghanistan have been wounded during an insurgent attack. The Defence Force says the soldiers were on patrol with the Afghan national security force last week when they came under fire. It says a number of insurgents were killed. The three Australians are expected to return to full duties soon. Papua New Guinea's Government, led by Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, has successfully given itself some additional security after what's been a controversial week of parliament. unanimously passed amendments that make it harder for a no-confidence that make no-confidence motion to be moved against a Prime Minister and the Government. The moved against a Prime now
and the Government. The bill now requires and the Government. now requires one-fifth of MPs to back a now requires one-fifth of to back a motion of no confidence, to back confidence, up from the previous one-10th. What we are trying to do with this amendment is we trying amendment is we take away all the manoeuvring that goes on behind the scenes. the manoeuvring that goes behind the scenes. We must put behind the notices in a transparent way so that people of Papua New Guinea know that their Government is changed for valid reasons. Two Opposition MPs, the only ones present in parliament, present in parliament, voted
against the bill with warnings the bill would permit a dictatorship. In February this year the parliament also extended the grace period for votes of no confidence from 18 months to 30 after a new Government is elected. Tony Abbott has ruled out changing the GST despite a Liberal Premier urging him to consider expanding the tax. WA's Colin Barnett is demanding the Prime Minister show some leadership and he's found and unlikely support. Chief political correspondent Mark Simkin reports. Never stand between a Premier and a pipeline of money. The GST's worth around $50 billion a year and Colin Barnett wants a bigger share. The issue is not going to go away. Tony Abbott's repeatedly ruled out increasing the GST or extending its scope. In his first term at least. The GST is not going to change, full stop, end of story. But his Liberal colleagues opened a whole new chapter. Do Australians really mind that much if the GST was 10% or 12.5% if it means maintaining high-quality health and education? And that's the problem. States are spending more and more money on basic services but their revenues aren't keeping up. One of the tough jobs Tony Abbott is going to have is to step up to the plate and take some leadership on the federation and front and centre in that will be the GST issue. This Liberals are at it again. As soon as Tony Abbott wins they want to increase taxes on ordinary Australians.It sounds like the election campaign all over again. Under an expanded goods and services tax, it would rise by 52 cents. With one difference, a Labor leader reckons Colin Barnett's on the money. I think it is essential that GST is looked at. Its are an efficient way of raising revenue.On that there's furious disagreement. I dope think our people who are unemployed could bear the cost of a higher GST. It's a regressive tax. It hits the people that can least afford to pay for it. I'm fought going to cooperate in that. I'm not interested in increasing the GST. There are splits in all directions. There is a view here Colin Barnett is actually playing to a local audience, trying to blame his State's fiscal problems on the Commonwealth. Tony Abbott insists the GST won't be touched before the election but it will be talked weeks the Government will announce it will be talked about. Within weeks the announce the details of a
2-year weeks the Government will
announce 2-year tax rerue and the GST will be on 2-year tax rerue and the will be on the table discussion. Germany is heading to the polls discussion. Germany is to the polls this weekend and to the the outcome will catch the attention of not only the outcome will catch attention of not only Europe
but the world. Incumbent chancellor Angela murbal remains ahead remains ahead in pre-election polls. She's been at the forefront of driving economic policy in the crisis-hit Eurozone an advocate of tough austerity measures as a condition for bailing out countries hit by the GFC but many argue Chancellor Merkel has side-stepped the difficult issues during the election campaign. After eight years in power, the German chancellor commands an enviable personal approval rating but none of the parties contesting Germany's lection currenty commands a majority and the result on Sunday is not expected to change that with another Coalition Government on the cards. While it's highly likely Angela Merkel will remain chancellor, whether her Christian Democrats will remain the dominant party is unclear. It's been a tumultuous time. Chancellor Merkel has avoided mention of the Euro debt crisis during the campaign but her Coalition partner says her handling of the crisis is her strongest suit. By and large, we managed to weather the entire crisis such that the employment record is OK even growth rates are feeble but there are growth rates. With the single currency no longer at risk and financial markets stable for now, analysts expect Angela Merkel to maintain her tough approach to Eurozone integration. At the end it was quite successful. I mean, the Eurozone is still there, the break-up which was discussed, which was feared by some, particularly market participant, has not happened. So at the end we are quite
successful. But not all So at the end we are successful. But not all her
countrymen agree with the tough austerity measures demanded by the troika and largely driven by the chancellor. She should have taken into consideration more the attack, the harsh fiscal policies would have on unemployment rates especially for young people in southern Europe and she didn't do that and she hasn't come up with any plans to help these countries rebuild their economy.Greece has been particularly hard hit by the austerity measures that it was forced to impose in return to bail-out funds. Doctors, teachers and other public servants have been staging nationwide strikes, protesting against ongoing cuts that will see 15,000 jobs gone by 2015. Like it or not, Angela Merkel is seen in Greece as the public face of economic austerity inflicted on their country. As far as the Greeks are concerned, her policies are negative and unbearable. One has to see whether she will change her policies after the election result. Some analysts say Germany has shirked potentially divisive issues during the election campaign. It's not just Greece, there's also banking union where we need some decisions rather soon, you know, the single supervisory mechanism, the fiscal back-stop and how it should be organised and how to also do a restructuring of the many zombie banks. Should the social Democrats or the Greens take a role in Germany's new Coalition Government, some policy-makers and analysts in Brussels and Berlin expect a shift from hard-line economic policy. Joining us now is Esther Blank, a correspondent with Deutsche Vella in Sydney. Thank you very much for coming in. Angela Merkel has built up a reputation as both a strong and consensual leader. Are voters in any way tiring of her? I don't think so. I think although the election campaign was a bit lacklustre, Germans all in all, the majority seems through gree with what Angela Merkel is doing and I think they are happy to have a calm and confident person steering them through a kries. I think that's the basic feeling of many Germans.Is there still a sense of crisis? We were talking-U Berlin just in the past few weeks and there really is a lot of activity, business seems to be doing OK. Are Germans concerned that there's worse to come in terms of the economy? I think Germans are concerned about other countries like Greece, for example, which has to be like Greece, for example, has to be propped up has to be propped up partially by Germany and that by Germany and that 's what they are worried about and therefore there is also a little party in running in this election campaign which runs on the special issue of getting out of the Eurozone.But does that have widespread support in Germany? For a while they thought it might maybe make the 5% but I doubt it.What about some of the other potential Coalition partners? To what extent are they likely to put a bit of a dent in the election victory, presuming it will be Angela Merkel's? We presume the CDU, for example, will get, according to the polls, about 40%. That's the leading party, Angela Merkel's party. They go with a partner, the Liberal Democrats, FDP. They might not make it into parliament though and then suddenly there will be Angela Merkel with her party and there are three leftish parties which will not go with each other because they're all fighting among themselves and there will be Angela Merkel with the choice of becoming a chancellor with the FDP if she makes it or in a grand Coalition and that would be something like Labor going with the Liberals in Australia.What about her nearest rival who I believe is Pierce Steinbrug? What kind of support does he have? He has lot of support. He is a long-time, experienced Social Democrat, a party Social Democrat, a leader. He's been the Premier of north Rhine and so he has a lot of support but the party altogether is not at very high standard at the moment, they are not at a very high in the polls because they've got 26%. They used to be much bigger because they now have the Left wing went off to the Greens or smaller
to another party, oreven two smaller splinter groups like the Pirates.We've spoken about the larger implications for Europe, the Eurozone obviously, the debt that other nations are carrying such as Greece, what about domestic, particularly financial issues? We heard in that report before that there was a lot that needed to be and
done with the banking system Is
and the so-called zombie banks. Is she likely to address those issues in her next term or is that indeed likely to take away from her victory? I think she is going to do a little bit more about the banks because there seems to be a feeling amongst all the parties that there should be more control of the banks in Europe and Germany and for Merkel also they have tried to achieve something there in Europe before but I think that there will be a tendency to crack down a little bit more on the banks and to make sure, for example, that there will be nothing like the financial crisis before.Indeed. Esther Blank from Deutsche Welle, thank you. In Zamboanga city in the southern Philippines, life is after
slowly returning to normal after nearly a fortnight of deadly fighting. Government forces say they've gained the upper hand against Muslim rebels with dozens killed and more than 100 surrendering. The may still be tanks on the streets but locals in Zamboanga city are attempting to return to some sense of normality. TRANSLATION: We can't let fear take over our lives. We need to try and go back to live our normal live at some point. Businesses doors Businesses are opening their
doors again after they've been forced to shut up shop when deadly forced to shut up deadly gun battles broke out between rebels from the Morrow between rebels from national liberation front and Government forces. It's a national liberation front welcome move by people who've Government forces. been holed up in their homes for more than a week but that freedom remains elusive for some with more than 100,000 people still in temporary shelters. TRANSLATION: There's an overwhelming number of evacuees but there are also many volunteers. We do what we can to help them to the best of our abilities. They are not in the area at this time but they feel they are being cared by us, teachers, volunteers, and that there are people who mind their situation. They are not just left out.Many of those aren't sure if they'll have homes to return to with entire villages burned to the ground. The Philippine President's pledged a $9 million US reconstruction fund. He's also promising to stay on the ground in Zamboanga until the crisis is over and has plead would the remaining rogue rebels to surrender. TRANSLATION: It is not too late to end this conflict and stop the deaths and injuries. It is in your hands.The rebels stormed the port city earlier this month in a bid to derail the government's peace talks with the rival group the Morrow Islamic liberation front. Human rights watch says both sides need to be held accountable for the deadly violence that's followed, accusing both the rebels and Government forces of committing serious abuses. Floods and landslides have paralysed last large parts of Mexico oz two storms collided. A landslide has wiped small A landslide has wiped out a
small village with 68 of its residents small village with 68 of residents missing, while across the nation norly 100 people have been killed in the extreme weather so, extreme that the floods have driven a crocodile on to the streets of Acapulco. Tropical storm Manuel and Hurricane Ingrid approached moks cefrom either side, bringing driving rain and extensive flooding. Land slides and collapsed bridges have been reported on key highways including the highway of the sun, the major expressway that links Acapulco to Mexico city. The queue is kilometres long. There are no tents. There are elderly people, pregnant women, sick children.But it was a small village that has suffered the most. As a landslide triggered by days of heavy rain has left nearly 70 res dntsedz missing. Many people were buried. Those in the town have made lais of the missing and we assume, without being alarmist, that many of them are under the mud. The remaining 400 residents of the village were pulled to safety by army helicopters. They remain in temporary shelters as do many of the residents of 35,000 homes across the nation. There were a lot of deaths, lots of them. That's why we decided to come here because it began to smell.The dam quickly exceeded its capacity, forcing authorities to release millions of litres of water, adding to the extensive flooding in nearby communities. In the city streets of Acapulco, they have not been spared. As floods drive man and beast to dry land. An angry crocodile was swept into a city neighbourhood, adding a little more bite to the blustery conditions. Stay with us on The World, coming up after the weather, Elaine Pearson of Human Rights Watch joins us to discuss the implications of a provincial poll in northern Sri Lanka. A dramatic near miss for two Qantas plains over the Great Australian Bight and later, Wallabies star James O'Connor stood down in definitely over an incident at Perth airport. Graham creed with the global forecast and there's not much on the satellite picture for Australia and that will be the story through the weekend and next week. These cloud bands through the south are in association with fronts and

Westerly wind quite fresh to strong across New Zealand.

In southeast Asia we have a typhoon. This is expected to form into a category 5 typhoon. It is going to have a huge impact on Taiwan and then it will start to move towards China but also the Philippines are likely to see some significant rainfall particularly about the north-western districts. It north-western districts. will move through the strait during will move through during Saturday and move a little further during Saturday and move little further towards Hong
Kong by little further Kong by Sunday in fact at this
stage the little further towards Hong stage the typhoon is expected to cross very close to Hong Kong as we move into Sunday evening and that is going to trigger some flooding rainfall through south-eastern China, through Taiwan and also through the Philippines and we're expecting to see those heavy rains continue for several days so significant weather across that region and also potentially very damaging winds. We've got a tropical disturbance move nothing to eastern India so showers and storms pushing further to the west, only the far west not likely to see any rainfall. Widespread unsettled conditions through Europe but it's around Russia a low-pressure system keeping most of the rainfall around the western border areas and into the European countries. We head to Africa, we've got conflict of hot air through northeast and South Africa, very cold air move nothing to the southeast. That is going to trigger fairly significant winds across the country. Showers and storms across the equatorial belt but nothing showing up as overly significant. We had a hurricane and tropical sdufrbances in the gulf. That moisture is being suck under to a low-pressure system through the far south-eastern corner of Canada, bringing a band of fairly significant rain and storms across the US. Through South America, very little in the way of significant weather.

You're watching The World on ABC News 24. I'm Jane Hutcheon. A reminder of our top stories - the Syrian deputy prime minister, Qadri Jamil, says the country's savel war has reached a stalemate and the Government is ready to call for a ceasefire. Mr Jamil's comments come as a group of leading doctors warn come as a group doctors warn that the medical system in Syria son the verge of collapse. The medics of collapse. The medics say many hospitals have been destroyed and thousands of medical staff have been forced to leave the country. 13 people including a 3-year-old boy have been injured in a shooting attack in a US city of Chicago. It happened on a baseball court in what police say is a gang-related incident. The shooting comes four days after a gunman killed 12 people at a navy yard in Washington. The Government is seeking information from Russia regarding the welfare of an Australian and an Australian resident. They're among dozens of Greenpeace activists whose ship has been seized in the Arctic. The group was campaigning against an oil exploration rig set up by the Russian company gas prom. Coming up later on The World, tall ships from as far away as the Netherlands sale into Hobart for a 5-day festival. People in northern Sri Lanka will head to the polls tomorrow in a provincial election that's threatening to stir up old animosity between the Government and ethnic minority Tamils. The northern province is the only one of the island's nine regions that has never had its own council and predictions are that a Tamil nationalist grouping will sweep the polls. Northern Sri Lanka was the heartland of the Tamil Tiger separatist movement that battled the Government from 1983 until the rebels' crushing defeat in 2009. The violence left more than 100,000 people dead, maimed, traumatised or missing. While the wounds of the almost 30-year war are slowly healing, scars remain. This weekend, most voters in the north are expected to vote overwhelm ingly for the Tamilal national alliance or TNA. The party's chief candidate says if they win power, getting the army out of the north would be his first priority. For the first time they are entering a phase of democracy and that is also something significant. I would therefore say that it's a change from the type of life, political life that people have been having and we are trying to make them get more and more involved in the democratic way of life. Their main rivals are the ruling united people's freedom alliance whose candidates say the Sri Lankan President is committed to the welfare of the ethnic Tamil community. I think he's really lenient towards the Tamil people and he's very interested in making all of them feel equal. Sri Lanka has faced rising international criticism for failing to demilitarise the north since the rebels' defeat and the international community will be watching proceedings with interest. proceedings with Local residents say they're concerned Local residents security.
TRANSLATION: I

TRANSLATION: going to be any TRANSLATION: I hope there's not going to be any violence on
election day, going to be election day, there's not going to be any difference whoever comes to election day, there's not comes to power. to be any difference TRANSLATION: The election should be fair and people TRANSLATION: The should be fair and people must should be fair and be happy. The President be happy. The President has a more than two-thirds majority in parliament and controls all other eight province s and although he appears determined to win in the north, given the sentiment of locals, vict ery could be a long shot. We invited Sri Lanka's human rights envoy to the UN, Mahindra Samarasinghe, to speak to The World tonight as he was visiting Australia after initially agreeing he withdrew a few hours ago so joining us is the director of Human Rights Watch Australia, Elaine Pearson. Elaine, thank you very much for coming in tonight. Do you believe that the elections are being carried out in good faith or are they to persuade member countries to come to CHOGM later in the year? No y think the elections - this was due to a constitutional amendment that was passed several years ago. This is an important first step but clearly just the process of elections alone does not mean that Tamils are going to be given more powers and the ability to govern the north even if the main Tamil party wins the election, so I think it really remains to be seen whether the Government is going to be willing to devolve power to the North.Do you believe the elections will be free and fair? Certainly we hope so. So far there have been - we've been concerned about some reports of intimidation of candidates. Just last night there was a report that a female Tamil national candidate was actually intimidated and election monitors that tried to prevented
rush to the scene were prevented from doing so.I want to speak to you about some the claims that have been made
about about the human rights situation in northern Sri Lanka. Mahindra Samarasinghe, who was going to come on the program, at least who was going to come on program, at least we managed to chat
get a bit of a preinterview chat with him, he said he doesn't accept that 40,000 civilians were killed in the final months of the separatist war. "We believe this is vastly exaggerated," he told us. What's your response to that? Look, the 40,000 figure comes from a UN panel of experts that was appointed by the secretary-general, Ban Ki Moon. The problem was at that stage organisations like us, we were not able to go to the battlefield, we were not able to enter Sri Lanka and see what was happening on the ground. Do you know how the panel got those figure s? They got the figures through talking to a lot of medical experts that were there on the ground. There were groups like the ICRC for instance that was able to provide assistance to others so certainly we believe that the panel of experts did a very thorough investigation and this number is probably an absolute bare minimum of the number of people who lost their lives. Our Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop, made several visits to Sri Lanka before she became Foreign Minister. She also believes - she said there was absolutely no evidence to support these claims even with the Human Rights Watch report, that there was evidence, when they're called upon to produce it they can't. Those are the words of Julie Bishop. Again, why is it that someone of this level can go over the and say she finds no evidence for such atrocities? Look, when Julie Bishop went there she went there on a Government-sponsored tour. Though, she didn't. She said she paid for it out of her Ministerial funds. OK, well, the contacts she made were definitely developed through the Government and the problem with that is that she didn't have access to lot of civil society members, lot of journalists that have reported the situation in Sri Lanka. Clearly, I don't think that a few days spen in the country simply to do the rounds justifies an extensive human rights investigation. Really, I think if the Australian Government want to look into the situation they should be sending people there to spend a bit more time, to speak to a lot more people. Certainly there are lot of people who would like to talk to the Australian Government about the situation that they're facing in Sri Lanka.Is there a reason why she might not want to be coming to know about these atrocities? Because shy said she didn'tee any evidence of torture while she was dethere. Look, I think they feel they need to rely on cooperation with the Sri Lankan Government in order to address people smuggling and clearly that's an important goal they have to have but the fact is there have been dozens of journalists that have fled the country, that have sought asylum in other countries due to death threats and harassment. There are plenty of people outside the country who would be willing to attest to these violations so I think that Julie Bishop really only has to think about reaching out to some of these people and hearing these stories and then she'll realise the climate of repression people are under. What about the various commissions that have for example, disappearance as well as for example, well as the various army
inquiries? How would you rate their progress? The Government over the last few decades have set up multiple commissions and then when these commissions, if they have actually developed findings that have been critical of the Government, they've simply dismantled them, moved on. In other cases they've selectively hand-picked former government officials or pro Government members and so they really lack clear independence so this is the problem with the Government commissions that have been set up and this is why the European Union wanted to set up an independent international inquiry into war crimes.So when the President says, "We ask for time and space to investigate these issues, that we can't do it all in four obfuscation?
years," you say that's obfuscation? I think there's been very clear evidence of both the military and the LTT committing grave abuses against civilians. There's been photographic evidence, there's been video evidence and so to simply say it's only been 4 years, we haven't had enough time, that's not really good enough and there's only been a number of internal military investigations that have exonerated members of the military. What we're looking for is serious convictions of the soldiers
that are for is serious prosecutions and
convictions of that are implicated in those abuses. Given that lack of progress, what's likely to be the next step after these provincial elections? On accountability, there has to be a lot more that's done so I think depending which party obviously wins these elections, there will be a discussion about the need for accountability and I think an invitation to the international community to conduct some kind of thorough international investigation would be an important first step towards accountability. Do you think many countries are likely to boycott the CHOGM meeting in Sri Lanka later this year? Canada has already said they will boycott it. Our Prime Minister has said that he will attend CHOGM. I think it really remains to be seen but certainly Human Rights Watch has been calling on leaders all over the world, Commonwealth leaders, not to attend, especially given that the most senior human rights official of the UN recently visited the that
country and she said herself that people were threatened both before and after she visited. Journalists, human rights defenders and activists. So the fact that this could happen just a few weeks ago really shows that the Government doesn't seem very serious about addressing the ongoing climate of repression in the country. Elaine Pearson from human rights watch, thanks so much for coming in. Now, which country do you think has the highest number of women in parliament? It's not in Europe, Asia or the Americas. It's ruwand - it's Rwanda. Women have just won 64% of the African nation's parliamentary seats. Voting is an earnest business for the members of Rwanda's women's electoral college. 24 seats are especially reserved to women and add that to those who wn elections in their own right and you get a record-breaking 64% who now dominate Rwanda's parliament. They held a majority of seats in the last parliament, just over 50%, but this sets a new standard. As the outgoing Speaker, Rose was one of the most powerful parliamentarians. She says women haven't drupatically changed the way business is done in the House but it has drawn attention to where it's needed, on the poor. They need help from women in politics to shift from the stratosphere into today to improve the economic environment.One of the arguments for pushing women to is to avoid the kind to the forefront of public life confrontations that help
is to avoid the kind of macho confrontations that help drive
Rwanda's genocide. There's a continuing debate about whether that's worked but this create remains economically and politically stable. Perhaps surprisingly, several academic studies have found that the high number of women in parliament has had no significant impact on Rwandan legislation but it does seem to have had a much more subtle but no less profound impact on society as a whole. Masters students at the institute of education discuss research techniques for their course on gender issues. The women MPs have helped break traditional tappues including those against - tabu as including those against women in education. The lecturer says society is changing fast but the dominance of women doesn't mean the pendulum has gone too far. The fact that you have such a high representation of women in parliament doesn't necessarily mean that there's too much achieved or over-achieved. I don't think so. I thing it's about time because for a very long time women have not had those opportunities.And so re-Wanda's women are celebrating their renewed political voice. Not everyone things it's a good idea of course, but for better or worse, things here are changing.

Two Qantas passenger jets have come within 20 seconds of colliding over the Great Australian Bight this afternoon. An air traffic controller has been stood down over the incident but another pilot flying at that time has told the ABC that collision warning systems on board one of the planes appeared to have been faulty. The lives of hundreds of passengers and crew were on the line this afternoon when two Qantas A33 jets crossed paths near Adelaide. They did put the seatbelt sign exceptionally early. It was a half-hour before we landed.Passengers watched the near miss just after midday. I saw a plane going underneath us, going to the left somewhere in SA.For those arriving at Sydney Airport it felt like a routine flight. There was a sensation of certainly dropping down, like one drop and then another drop and then we must have just levelled back out and sought of thought it was an air pocket.Heading from Perth to Sydney was QF576, going from Sydney to Perth, QF581. Just Perth-bound
after midday near Adelaide, the Perth-bound jet wads given permission to rise from 38,000 to 40,000 feet. It was then ordered to descend when the Sydney-bound pilot realised the planes were 5 miles or just 20 seconds from colliding. The airline has described the incident as a loss of separation. In a statement, Qantas said:

However, the pilot of another multinational carrier who was in the air at the time monitoring the communications says one of the pilots appeared to raise concerns about that warning system. He said he heard one of the pilots say, "I didn't even know that you were there." Qantas has declined to comment on reports that one of the safety warnings failed. A spokesman for the civil aviation safety authority has confirmed an air travel controller has been stood down. The Australian Transport Safety Bureau is investigating the incident. Two British soccer players charged with fixing match police they were in fear of a match in Victoria have told police they man alleged to be the police they were in fear of Australian-based ring leader man alleged to be Australian-based ring leader of
an Australian-based ring an international betting
syndicate Australian-based ring leader of
an syndicate and it'smerged that more Victorian clubs may be involved in the involved in the match-fixing scandal while police have confirmed they're investigating a club in Queensland. It seems the six men charged with fixing Southern Stars soccer matches won't be the only ones fronting court by the time Australia's match-fixing investigation is finished. Police are - police have revealed there may be more Victorian clubs involves and they are investigating a club in Queensland. A bail application from Gerry Subramanian has been opposed, he is the alleged Australian ring leader of an international match fixing syndicate. Police are worried the 45-year-old Malaysian national will interfere with witnesses. Two southern stars players have told authorities they've received veiled threats urminging them not to cooperate with police. The court heard the players are securing the doors of their hotel rooms with chairs, fearing Gerry Subramanian will arrange for people to come and visit them. Police allege taped phone calls show Gerry Subramanian helped fix five Southern Stars matches. They claim he's received more than $230,000 in money transfers since June but the 45-year-old's lawyer indicated his client was not a ring leader in the betting syndicate, referring to him as small fry. He said Gerry Subramanian had given police the names of his overseas contacts. Late today, Gerry Subramanian's became application was adjourned until next week. His five co- accused are already on bail. They were today ordered not to leave the country and are due back in court in December. As the Australian investigation continues, are hopeful arrests in Singapore this week will reduce match-fixing around the globe. The rest of the head and other members of the largest syndicates in the world won't end match fixing but it is a significant step.It's unlike clear if the Singapore arrests are linked to the Australian investigation. Now to sport with Adam Steven and we have tonight.
some finals football games tonight. We do and some close results. Neither game is finished. We'll move to the NRL where Manly has a narrow lead over Cronulla. The Sea Eagles led 14-egg at halftime but the game going done to the wire. There's about 10 minutes left in that scbun the winner of this game will play the Rabbitohs next Friday. In the AFL, yong is leading Hawthorn at three-quarter time in their preliminary final at the MCG. The Hawks led by 4 points at halftime but the Cats have fought back in the third quarter and they have the lead in going into the big one. The winner of this one will go through to next week's AFL Grand Final. We'll have all the action for you in our later bulletins tonight. In rugby union news, Wallabies winger James O'Connor has been stood down from the team in definitely following an incident on the weekend when he was barred from boarding a flight to Bali from porth few horz hours after the Wallabies Test win over Argentina. It was allege heed was in intoxicated. The ARU is investigating but the Wallabies coach Ewan McKenzie decided tatyke action anyway. We're not getting the right type of behaviour from him. There's no doubt since I met with him prior to the start of the season he's made improvements, increment al improvements but he let himself down on the weekend so from a behavioural perspective, it wasn't acceptable so we're standing him down.Former Australian rugby star Petero Civoniceva has been named as the captain of Fiji's rugby league team for next year's World Cup or next month's World Cup rather. The Fijian-born Civoniceva retired last year after more than 300 first-grade games and 45 Tests for Australia but the 37-year-old will now lead Fiji's 21-man squad which includes another 15 players from the NRL. Fiji finished fourth at the last World Cup in 2008 but coach Rick Stone is confident the new squad, which he named today, will do even presence will be a better. He says Civoniceva's presence will be a big boost to the side. Australian golf fr the Adam Scott is one soph off the lead at Adam Scott is one lead at the ends of season PGA lead at the ends tour event in Atlanta. It was a tour event disappointing opening day for Tiger Woods who card disappointing bogies
Tiger Woods who card three bogies to disappointing opening day for
Tiger Woods who bogies Tiger Woods who card three Scott buried six holes on bogies to finish three over. back nine Scott buried six holes back nine to finish one shot
off the Scott buried six holes on the
back nine off the pace although it did take time for his round to take time for his round going. I missed three with wedges going. I with wedges on the front 9 and wasted all my chances to score. Hit two good shots into 10 and roll adputt in which calmed me down and then I just went and made. Brendan de Jong produced one of the shots of the day with this bunker hit on the 16th. That birdie left him even par, 6 shots behind the tournament leader. Any New Zealanders hoping to claim victory in the America's Cup will have to wait longer after today's second race was post-poned. The US team won the first scheduled race on San Francisco Bay but the Kiwis have an 8-2 lead in the competition and need only one more win to take the Cup. These guys will be totally shorted out and - sorted out and ready to go for thecinate race. Strong, blustery winds have proven problem at frequent the 22m catamarans with races post-pond for safety reasons. The boats hit speetedz of more than 75 km/h. The Solomon Islands has beat the Netherlands 2-0 in its first game at the beach soccer World Cup which is under way in the Pacific nation of Tahiti. In today's other matches, Argentina open its World Cup campaign with an impressive win over El Salvador, 4-1. Two quick goals in the opening period had Argentina on their way. The $was a closer finish in the match between the USA and Spain. The wO sides exchanged goals in an entertaining match before the Spaniards took the lead for the first time in the final moments of the match to win 5-4. And we have a fulltime result in the NRL, Jane. Manly has beaten Cronulla 24-18. Excellench Adam, many thanks. Forget your casual weekend pedal, a Dutch cyclist has set a new world speed record. His two wheels spin at a peak of 133.78 clom kilometres an hour. The time was set over a 200km stretch of Nevada dead rted in the US. I pushed 200 watts halfway and then started 3 gift, 400 watts and 110km or so. At 1.5 miles I thought, "I will go 20km faster." The previous record was set in the same location by Canadian Sam Whittington in 2009. Bowyer inched ahead by 0.6 km/h. A flotilla of ships from all points of the compass has made its way into Hobart for the tall ships festival. Reporter Stephen Smiley was at Princes Wharf as the ships from as far away as the Netherlands made their way into port. It was plain sailing for the first tall ship entering the River Derwent. Crew on the Sydney-based 'Young Endeavour' had a bird's eye view as they came into Hobart. The 'Lord Nelson' and 'Europa' made the crews up at a more leisurely clip while the ship's crews also liked what they saw. Looks good so far. Of course the scenery is beautiful and I'm getting off here so I'm going to explore. The calm conditions were a welcome reprieve after choppy weather during the Bass Strait crossing. Occasionally we touched 50 knots in a gust but we were under-stale at that
stage.

in the voyage, some of stage. Because it was so in the voyage, some of the crew
found it in the voyage, some of found it too much. The sea men and women hail from ports near and far and while all are able, life at sea is easier for some than others. We have 11 than others. We have 11 crew with physical disabilities, two in wheelchairs and the other it's a huge range of ships
disabilities.All up, eight ships have made the journey to Hobart in the leadup to Australia' navy centenary celebrations next month. Some of the ships date back to the First World War, giving the public a rare chance to peer into the past. It takes an enormous amount of planning and some of the vessels have travelled from the other side of the world. Arrival of the Lord and 'Lady Nelson' into port on the same day is a particular quirk. 'Emma Hamilton' is a local yacht and that is on the harbour as well. The historical significance is that 'Emma Hamilton' was a bit of a problem between Lord and 'Lady Nelson'. The ships will knock in Hobart for five days before - dock in Hobart for five days before heading to Sydney. You've been watching The World on a night when the Syrian deputy prime minister says the Government is ready to call for a ceasefire and thrz brirn a gang-related mass shooting in the US, 13 people including a 3-year-old boy were injured in the attack in Chicago. For more details you can log on to our website at abc.net.au/news, to keep up to date on abc.net.au/news, to keep date on Twitter follow us date on Twitter follow us @ABC date on Twitter follow News 24 or me @Jane Hutcheon. I'll News 24 or me @Jane I'll be back with national headlines shortly. For now, good-bye. Captions by CSI Australia

This program is not captioned.

This Program Is Captioned Live. The top stories from ABC News. Two Qantas passenger jets came within 20 seconds of colliding over the Great Australian Bight this afternoon. An air traffic controller has been stood down over the incident, however, another pilot flying at the time has told the ABC that collision warnings onboard one of the planes appear to have been faulty. 12 people including a 3-year-old boy have been injured in a shooting attack in the US city of Chicago. It happened on a basketball court in what police say is a gang-related incident. I can't remember a situation where this many people were shot in one locationtism is quite unusual. The 3-year-old is the most seriously injured with a gunshot wound to the head.