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Foreign Correspondent -

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(generated from captions) convention which has 188 States in it. Syria is not one of them. Where all have proclaimed that no-one should ever make, deploy, use chemical weapons. This is a fundamental norm of civilised society that has been apparently broken and those who say something must be done about that I think are right. The problem is there seems to be no good options to defend this norm. You know, if you take military action there could be unpredicted consequences. If you don't take some sort of punitive or salutary action against the breaking of this norm then where does that leave the norm? People will say what is the point of these deeply felt international agreements when they're broken and nothing happens. It's really a very difficult situation.Richard Butler, thank you very much.Pleasure to be with you, Leigh.And that's the program for tonight. Before we go 7:30 would like to acknowledge the passing of the great Bill Peach, Australia's first real current affairs anchor and a journalistic pioneer who helped lay the groundwork for programs like this one. He and his family are in our thoughts. Goodnight.

This Program is Captioned Live.

# Theme music

(Brazilian pop music)

In football-mad, football-obsessed
Brazil, this is headquarters. Crazier than Melbourne's 'G',
louder than London's Wembley - this is Rio De Janeiro's Maracana.

Bizarrely, after a massive,
expensive upgrade

it now seats fewer people
than it used to -

but that's so those who can afford to
come here for next year's World Cup

can watch in comfort.

Fans of local side Flamengo,
Thaissa Rothier and her son Felipe

are thrilled
we sprung for their tickets.

They could never afford
the $40 entry fee -

it's 10 percent of her monthly wage.

Thaissa, what's it like being here,
watching your favourite team?

And it's better even,
that they're winning!

Thaissa is typical

of so many football-worshipping,
sports-loving Brazilians.

They're conflicted -

thrilled their country's hosting
the World Cup and the Olympics,

but angry basic services -
education, health, transport - are being crushed to pay for it all.

In less than a year,
people from around the world

are going to be sitting in
these seats, cheering and clapping.

Protesters are threatening
to disrupt the World Cup

but the backers
of this mega sporting event

hope this kind of passion will
drown out the anger and frustration. Are you confident that
Rio is ready for the world stage?

We are already on the world stage. The ABC would never be here

if it wasn't for the World Cup
and the Olympics.

We're not ashamed of what we are.

We never said
we were a perfect country,

that things were all solved here.

Brazil has grown.

So we raised the bar
and people are asking for more

and that's what
we've got to deliver.

Vibrant and sparkling,

it's hard not to be swept away
by Rio de Janeiro.

# SERGIO MENDES: Mas Que Nada

There's an infectious energy to
Brazil's second-largest city. No surprise they call Rio
'Cidade Maravilhosa' - the marvellous city.

(Mas Que Nada continues)

And it's undergone a massive,
multi-billion-dollar makeover

to accommodate the sporting
spectaculars heading its way

and to appease the demanding
and fussy global sporting bodies,

soccer's FIFA and
the International Olympic Committee.

Nationally, the Cup and the Olympics

are expected to cost Brazil
in excess of $33 billion.

But for Thaissa and Felipe,
who suffers a muscular disease, Rio has become tougher
and more uncertain. Felipe's getting ready for school -

a school that may not be there
when the world descends on Rio. It's in the shadow of the Maracana

and it's earmarked to go,
under further development.

Felipe's school
is only a few kilometres away

but the trip has become a marathon.

There's the wait...

You spend a lot of time
waiting for the bus?

And when the bus does finally arrive,

it's pretty clear we're not in for
an express run to our destination.

What's so wrong with
public transport in Rio?

Well, we waited for about 20 minutes
for the bus

but this ride is now taking
twice as long as it should because of the traffic jams.

Not only is the bus system
much criticised by everyone in Rio, but the traffic doesn't help.

Discontent
about government priorities

had been brewing for a while

but it was the planned hike
in bus fares - a few cents -

that sparked a fire.

The increase was quickly reversed

but the wave of anti-government anger
couldn't be stopped.

Hundreds of thousands
took to the streets.

Many of the protesters
were middle-class Brazilians.

It was a venting of rage
not seen in years.

I was scared. Polis. Policeman.

You were scared of the policemen?
Yes, yes.

Like many Brazilians, Janine Amorim
and her 14-year-old son, Victor,

were taking part in protests
for the first time in their lives.

Janine's a photographer,

and she captured some startling
images of an outpouring of anger.

The crowds marched through Rio,
mostly peacefully.

But there were angry clashes
with police,

who were accused
of a violent over-reaction.

My building is there.

The 39-year-old mother of two
lives in a beach suburb

about an hour's drive
from Copacabana.

Not that she drives - a car and
the running costs are too expensive -

so to get to the markets
it's a bike ride

through a rapidly growing
neighbourhood near the Olympic Park. How many people live here?

2,000, 3,000, maybe more.

In the last 20 years a lot of people
come here to live here.

My apartment with three bedrooms -
$2,500.

A month?
Yeah. Expensive.

Expensive for Rio?
Yeah.

Do you pay more now?
Yes. Because of tax. Oh, so tax is going up?
There's more tax?

Yes.

Food is also more expensive. A trip to the markets costs Janine
double what it used to a year ago.

Half the family's income
is spent on rent, leaving about $300 dollars
a week for everything else.

A snack
and a cup of sugar cane juice

bought at a street stall
for around $3 Australian

is a cheap option.

Mm. It's like cheese. Cheese in the pastry?

Among the more dramatic examples
of Brazil's public funding crisis

is the state of its hospitals.

You won't see much of Brazil's
recent prosperity in evidence here -

some wards
are positively Third World.

Brazil's now
a top ten global economy

but ranks way down the list, 45th,
when it comes to health spending.

Dr Julio Noronha has worked in Rio's
public health system for 35 years. Now a specialist,
he was head of emergency

at this federally funded hospital,
Bonsucesso,

for almost two decades.

The emergency department now
operates out of makeshift containers,

meant to be temporary when
they were installed three years ago. How do you feel when you look at this
and this is your workplace?

How does that make you feel?

We're not allowed inside.

Brazil's public health administration
is well aware of claims

the system is suffering
to pay for the sporting spectaculars.

But this is what our hidden cameras
and other cameras

have recorded
in Rio's public hospitals.

We're told of desperate shortages
of the basics - gauze, syringes -

and of one patient
being offered a wheelchair,

missing a wheel.

The doctors are overworked
and worn down.

Meeting with union colleagues,

they despair over the amount of money
being spent on stadiums,

estimated to be as high
as $13 billion -

at least twice what World Cup host
South Africa spent three years ago.

Brazil's conflict
over spending priorities

runs across classes
and political divides

and even onto the football pitch
itself.

That's where you'll find
unlikely critics

like superstar Edmundo de Souza.

He's a former World Cup player,
now a commentator,

but he believes it's right to be
questioning the cost and consequences

of accommodating
the greatest shows on Earth.

How did you feel then

when you saw the Confederations Cup
being targetted by protesters

in the last month or so?

How did that make you feel?

When Brazil bid
for these mega sporting events,

its economy was booming.

In many ways
it mirrored Australia's boom -

a resource-hungry world had
discovered Brazil's mineral riches

and the country's giant
agricultural industry

began to feed a hungry, growing world
like never before.

The growth was so spectacular,

tens of millions
emerged from abject poverty

and a relatively prosperous
middle class exploded. Foreign Correspondent came
to take a look at the phenomenon

and met a charismatic go-getter
named Eduardo Paes.

It's the Brazilian moment,

it's a rich, fantastic country
that has always been in our history,

we've always been like, 'We're going
to be the country of the future' but this future would never come -

I think we're there.

From the Rio mayor's vantage point, a developing economy was now ready

to take its place
among First World nations.

The World Cup and Olympic Games
would be the graduation ceremonies.

Mayor, when Foreign Correspondent
caught up with you two years ago,

you said, 'When things went right
they went right fast.'

Well, you could say
the opposite is true now -

when things go bad, they go bad fast.

I don't see these protests
as a bad thing.

I see them as an opportunity
to get things better, to make the changes that are needed.

I think
different levels of government,

including City Hall of Rio,
we have to be more transparent.

We have to discuss more
with the people.

We decide to do a hospital
somewhere,

we've got to go there
and discuss more.

The things we do in the city,

there's got to be more participation
with the people.

And, again, improve the quality
of services.

Mayor Paes is an
irrepressible spruiker for his city,

and he's managed
to dodge a lot of the flak

that's hit other
prominent political identities.

Maybe it's the fancy footwork
he's picked up on the dance floor.

He's brought us to the city's oldest
and most respected samba school,

Manguiera.

Like a lot of the city,
the school's been revamped and today there's celebrating
with samba, en masse.

No point in being a wallflower.

I think Brazil did miss
an opportunity with the World Cup. I think there's a big difference
between FIFA and the IOC.

What the World Cup, what FIFA wants
is just stadiums.

They don't care about
what is going to happen

to the city - to the country.

And I think Brazil did not use
the opportunity in a proper way.

The Olympics in Rio
has always been about legacy,

about transformation of the city,

so I do agree with people who say
the World Cup is representing

lots of money
being spent on stadiums.

It's nice to have nice stadiums

but it's not something
you can call a legacy.

So I do believe the Olympics
is much better and there's much more legacy.

What do you think of Eduardo Paes,
the Rio mayor?

There's not a pocket
of this sprawling, complicated city

that has escaped the impact of
hosting the ultimate double-header. A gondola ride

floats across stretches
of the once notorious favelas,

Rio's sprawling slum communities.

They were infested
with gangs and crime

but they're being cleaned up
ahead of the Olympics -

so much so
that in some parts of the favelas,

property values
have climbed dramatically

as locals chase up prices
in newly desirable corners.

And around
Janine Amorim's neighbourhood,

the scale of development
makes your head spin

as hotels, apartment buildings

and development associated with
Olympic Park head skyward.

And as sports facilities spring up,

at least one little school
isn't coming down after all.

The pressure from protesters
has paid off in one corner of Rio.

Have a good day at school.
OK. See you.

Thaissa Rothier hears exciting news
while we're with her - the government is backing down

and Felipe's school
won't be demolished.

You and I had some fun
together at the football

but we also rode the buses

and I could see that life can be
pretty difficult for you at times,

but I sense that you're torn -

you still love your football

but you're unhappy about
what's happening to your country?

It's a hot and dusty pitch,
but you can't beat the location.

It feels like
we're on top of the world.

And anyone's welcome to play.

But who knows what kind of reception
the rest of the world will get

come kick-off time next June.

Proud and passionate,
especially when it comes to football,

Brazilians wonder how long
they'll be counting the cost

of this chase for sporting glory. Captions by CSI Australia

This Program is Captioned Live.

Good evening, Virginia Haussegger with an ABC news update. The United States has made its most emphatic case yet for military action against Syria. The Obama administration has accused the Assad regime of deliberately unleashing chemical weapons against its own people calling it a moral obscenity. UN weapons inspectors are about to return to the site of the attack which killed hundreds of people. There was a terse exchange today between the Prime Minister and the New South Wales Premier as Kevin New South Wales Premier as Kevin Rudd announced he wants to shift Australia's biggest east coast naval base from Sydney Harbour to Brisbane and other northern ports. It may and other northern ports. It may take up to 20 years. Premier Barry O'Farrell is furious and let Mr Rudd know as the two men crossed paths. Canberra's garbage collectors have been working longer hours today in been working longer hours today in an effort to clear a backlog of overflowing bins. 22,000 homes overflowing bins. 22,000 homes missed their collections on Friday after drivers went on strike. It's hoped bins in Campbell, Hackett, Hughes, Watson and O'Malley will be emptied by tonight, Isaacs on Thrusday, with Yarralumla and Deakin on Friday. To Canberra's weather - A lovely warm Canberra's weather - A lovely warm 20 degrees tomorrow after an overnight low of 4. Sydney 22, Melbourne 21, Adelaide 20. More news in an hour.

Crap! Absolute crap!
They're a bloody disgrace. 3-0 to that shower! What a load of complete, five-star,
total bloody rubbish! It was a friendly.
There's no such thing! We should never have lost.
Never in a million years. Against Spurs?! We're non-league. They're ten divisions above us! What d'you want to drink?Nothing! I'll just eat me bloody orange!Mark!

Shit! Mark Lane! # Marky Park Lane, Marky Park Lane,
Marky Park Lane, Tottenham! # Andy Merrill.
From school, do you remember me? Yeah...Is this your old man? I am his father, yes. Andy Merrill. Ex-Tilworth Comp -
ex-1st Battalion King's Guards! # Tottenham, till I die! # I'm Tottenham till I die! # I know I am, I'm sure I am,
I'm Tottenham till I die! # Come on, you Spurs! # What you looking at?! Eh?

Sorry 'bout that.
My, uh, brain's buggered... That why you're a Spurs supporter? Ha ha, he's a geezer, your old
man, in't he, he's a geezer.