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(generated from captions) Abbott will also recieve a full briefing on the Syrian crisis. But first, he's launching the first, he's launching the Coalition's election campaign in Brisbane with the help of former PM John Howard. The Opposition is expected to The Opposition is expected to outline several policy announcements, including a promise to offer apprentices interest free loans. Police in the Northern Territory are working to recover the body of a Darwin man taken by a crocodile. The victim was swimming near the Mary River Wilderness Retreat yesterday afternoon when he was attacked. A search last night failed to find any trace of the man. And the All Blacks have retained the Bledisloe Cup, have retained the Bledisloe Cup, with a dominant 27-16 win over the Wallabies in Wellington. Australia led early in the game, but two first-half tries to New Zealand winger Ben Smith set up a match-winning lead for the home side. And those are the latest headlines from ABC news.

This Program is Captioned Live.

# Theme music

On Landline today,
the lamb state of origin. Tasmanian lambs eat
consistently well all year round, and we can't boast that with
Victorian or New South Wales lamb.

The Tasmanian lamb
just eats sweeter.

And, drawing the line.

I'm wanting the seafood community
to say,

'I want my seafood, I want it to be
Australian, or whatever,

I want to eat it with confidence.'

That's our message, and engage with
them and tell them the truth.

One fisherman's fightback.

He's funding his own film.

Hello, I'm Pip Courtney.
Welcome to Landline.

If you're a lamb producer
based on the mainland

then you may want to look away now,

for a group of Queensland butchers

claims Tasmanian lamb
is the best in the country.

They're prepared
to pay a premium for it too,

as they claim their
customers notice the difference

if the product isn't from
the island State.

While it's great news
for Tasmanian producers

they can't explain
why their lamb's different,

and the butchers,

who insist their customers haven't
fallen for a marketing campaign

say the reasons for the difference
in taste, smell and texture

is a mystery to them too.

Billed as Brisbane's
worst vegetarian restaurant,

the Norman Hotel
is famous for its steaks.

More like a jewellery cabinet
than a meat case,

the beef on offer here
ranges from grass to grain fed,

and across a variety of breeds.

Recently, lamb toppers -
lamb cutlets that sit atop a steak - were added to the menu. They were such a success,

beef eaters began asking for
a plate of lamb toppers and no steak. It's the first time
we've really been serious about lamb

and the response
has been overwhelming.

We definitely see lamb as part of the future success
of the Norman Hotel.

The success of lamb
on such a beef-centric menu

delighted the Tasmanian farmers
who supply the lamb.

I think it's great
that these big burly beef eaters

are now eating lamb first
on top of their steak.

I think that's a fantastic thing
to do

and if they can push that
into Queensland

and put those nice little eye chops
on top of a steak,

I mean, what a fantastic idea.

We've really got something going
up there. And you know, hopefully we can keep supplying as much as we can
to Queensland.

Brisbane meat wholesaler
Kerry Melrose

supplies lamb to the Norman.

It's a big claim,

but he says Tasmanian lamb
is the best in the country.

Tasmanian lambs
eat consistently well all year round

and we can't boast that with
Victorian or New South Wales lambs. To be honest I don't know.

Whether
it's the climatic conditions,

I don't have an answer for it,
I simply don't have an answer for it and people say I'm nuts

but all you gotta do is
go and ask the butchers who sell it

and they'll set you straight.

G'day, Pete. How're you going?
Not too bad.

Brisbane butcher Daryl Pattemore
stocks Tasmanian royal.

I don't have any other lamb
in the store

from Victoria or any other -
New South Wales, anything like that. We're 100% Tasmanian in lamb.

He too claims
the island product is better.

He says he sees it in the meat
when he's breaking down a carcass,

and when his customers,
who pay a premium for it,

tell him it cooks better.

Always a beautiful colour,

the texture of the meat
always seems very nice

as well as when you cook the meat

it doesn't give off
a very strong odour.

It's a beautiful odour
that the lamb exudes.

The Tasmanian lamb
just eats sweeter.

It's a beautiful tasting lamb.

When you put it beside other lamb

the Tasmanian lamb
will be an improvement every time

on the other lamb.

Two years ago, Kerry Melrose
was selling 500 lambs a week.

He's now selling a thousand a week,
and says demand is growing.

His lamb comes from
the JBS abattoir in Devonport.

He's after fat score 3 to 4,
preferably second cross,

20 to 24 kg lambs
that will grade MSA. A regular supplier is Robbie Tole.

He doesn't dip
in and out of the market.

Lamb's a full-time pursuit,
not an offshoot of a wool operation.

At his property at Cressy
south of Launceston

he turns off 3,500 of his own lambs
a year. And then we also run beside that
a large lamb trading operation

which we're sourcing lambs

as far as South Australia
right up to New South Wales

through the period where
we can't source lambs in Tassie.

Most of them are finished
on spring pasture

that we would have there available
for them.

And then onto lucerne.

And then once lambs
become available here locally

we source lambs
from wherever we can.

We're getting some exceptionally
good growth rates

and a finished product off
brassicas,

so we're using them
in our cropping rotations.

He feeds the lambs well from day one.

The motto here
is no nutrition setbacks.

To that end, centre pivots

irrigate lucerne, brassicas
and clover pasture.

But he says good food's a waste

if it's not accompanied by a
low-stress stock handling environment

which is what the yards and laneways
are designed to achieve. So there's virtually no dogging

or pushing of animals
back to their paddocks.

It's straight from yard straight
to the paddock.

They're all into weight groups

so when we want
a certain weight range of lambs

we know that this paddock here
has these weights of lamb

so we only have to bring them back
to the yards.

They go through the yard system
which is a one-man operation.

And then it's a laneway
straight back to the paddock.

He says a happy eating experience
in a restaurant

starts on-farm.

Preferring not to buy
from saleyards,

he buys lambs direct from farmers

who regard meticulous attention
to detail as the norm.

Tasmanian farmers say they produce
good lamb - even very good lamb. But to hear Queensland butchers
say it's the country's best

surprised them.

I can't say it'd be genetics
'cause we're sourcing -

a lot of the producers here are
getting genetics from the mainland so perhaps it's the environment,

perhaps it's the cooler environment
they're grown under.

I honestly don't know,

whether it's the
the shorter transport periods,

the less heat
at this time of the year,

they're not stressed as much,

whether it's the feed quality,

whether it's a lot of the irrigated
pastures and crops that are there

I couldn't say why, but jeez,
let's run with it!

Pretty firm in the tail.
A little harder across the back. Probably 22.5, 23 kilos.

Recently,
a team of Queensland butchers

headed south with Kerry Melrose
to meet the farmers, see the sheep,

and see if they could work out
what, if anything, is being done differently.

A lot of it is genetics

but a fair bit of it's the
tucker that goes down their throat.

Robbie Tole was happy to host,

believing it's critical butchers
know where their meat comes from.

Incredibly they'd never
seen a lamb in a paddock before, and knew little about breeding,
irrigation or feed regimes.

I've only ever looked at lamb
hanging on a hook

so I'm here in the pasture
looking at them in the pasture

and I find that quite interesting.

All we get from the shop
is it turning up at the back door

and not knowing where it comes from.

So we can actually
go back to the customer

and say, look,
this is how they are bred,

this is how they're fed,
and the whole process

because the paddock -

from now, the customers
are more interested

in the paddock-to-plate story
of a product.

There with all
the different minerals and that

that they give 'em,

so that with the grass and then
swap 'em over the different fields

for different sort of -

like, fattening up
and all that sort of stuff,

so it's - yeah,
didn't know how that all happened.

Now I can go back to my customers

and when they hit me up
with questions

I don't have to go around it.

Now I can give them facts
of what I've learned here today.

Next, the Queenslanders met agents
and producers from around the State. With his business growing

and competition
from another wholesaler

also supplying 1,000 lambs
into Queensland a week,

Kerry Melrose needs more producers
on-board to secure supply.

I think this has been
a really exciting message for us here in Tasmania

'cause I suppose
we didn't really know,

we just assumed that our lamb
is on par with everyone else's

but the fact that it's actually

in the gourmet butcher shops
in Queensland

and people are there
seeking our Tasmanian lamb

and a lot of Tasmanian products

is really positive
for agriculture in Tasmania.

Georgie Bond runs her
family's lamb feed lotting operation,

which turns off 20,000 lambs a year.

She says feed lotting

allows them to produce
a consistent product year round

and access higher value markets.

We look to differentiate our product

and we look to produce
a really premium Tasmanian product. She was no doubt pleased to hear
of the power of the Tasmanian brand in Brisbane,

where shoppers will pay high prices
for a range of produce

from cherries and apricots
to cheese and beef -

if it's labelled from Tasmania.

Box bacon out of - down Hobart way,
I think it is.

We use the streaky bacon.

It's 500g - a packet's $13.

I thought it would never sell.
It comes from Tasmania. It flies.

We sell probably 30 kg a week
of that bacon.

The way that the consumer
thinks of Tasmania,

you just put 'Tasmanian' on it
and it moves.

Like farmers around the country,

Tasmanian producers
are doing it tough.

So to hear there's
a year-round market to the north

prepared to cover
their high shipping charges

was welcome news.

It's giving some of these farmers
some direction in the next few years

that they've got
a market to sell to.

'Cause unfortunately in Tassie,
markets are slipping away everywhere

so it's certainly a positive outlook
for everyone.

I think it's quite amazing.

The first time I have ever
seen a wholesaler

to come down into the State,

but not just himself - to bring the
butchers with him to sell the story,

I have never seen this
in my life before.

They all had a theory,

but none of the farmers I spoke to

could explain
why the Tasmanian product

is proving such a hit in Brisbane.

But Alex Ball,

Meat and Livestock Australia's
manager of eating quality R&D

can explain what is going right
down south.

I think, Pip,
what Kerry's really stumbled on

is basically the culmination

of the last 15 years
of really good R&D programs

and what the Tasmanian group
has found

is that if you manage lambs
really effectively on-farm,

if you match that with
really good processing performance

and finally
you've got a dedicated retailer

who's prepared to age his lamb
under the MSA protocols,

you transform
what is a fantastic product

into just virtually
a bulletproof product

for the Australian consumers.

He says the Tasmanian royal lamb
is aged -

something he says taste tests show
is critical.

We know that there's probably

at least 10 consumer points
of difference

between a day two -
day one, day two aged lamb

versus day five,
so that's really important

to make sure that they're following
the MSA protocol

across the cuts.

You get some slight improvements
beyond day five,

but day five is the critical thing

and consumers will readily see

that taste, flavour and juiciness
are fantastic

by the time that lamb's aged
for day five.

Exactly the same process in beef.

Georgie Bond for one is pleased
the message is finally getting out

about the importance of aging lamb -

something she says farmers
who kill and eat their own lambs

have always known.

It's through trial and error

that we know how much better
the product is,

when we do rest the meat and age it

and I don't think you find a farmer
out there

that doesn't age their meat
for at least five days

and generally it's a week
that they'll hang their meat for

before it's cut up.

Us as producers,

we have responsibilities to get
the best product to the processor

but the processor
also has a responsibility

to make that product
as good as possible.

So yeah, it's really difficult

because ageing a lamb
for, say, a week at a time,

that takes up refrigeration space

and therefore adds a cost
to the product,

but I think we all need to look at
a much bigger picture than that.

She says if abattoirs, butcher shops
and supermarkets

can resist the temptation to
turn lambs over before they're aged,

customers will win.

I think
your really high-end butchers do it

and they would never do it
any other way

but I think it's important
that every butcher that does it

because it's up to all of us

to make sure
that when someone buys lamb

they have the best eating experience
they can

and therefore they come back
and buy it again.

Alex Ball says
the good news for mainland producers

is the system Kerry Melrose
has in place can be copied.

It doesn't matter what State
you're in,

if you follow
exactly the same the protocols

that the good Tasmanian producers
are doing,

so you're managing
your on-farm inventory,

you're managing the stress,

you're managing
with the processor, performance,

so basically how animals are managed
during the cooling cycle

transform from lambs into carcasses, if you then age the lamb well,

doesn't matter what state you're in,
you will get a good outcome.

Nonetheless, brand Tasmania

wants Tasmanian producers
to take advantage

of the good news about
the island lamb's great reputation

on the mainland.

The Tasmanian brand is very strong.

It is the best food brand
in the country

but then on top of that

you've got the best farmers
trying to leverage off it.

These people
gave them a distribution solution.

And that's always been the problem.

We need a share of that profit.

And if you share those profits
with us

then I'm sure
we'll share the lamb with you.

Word spread around the State

about what the Queensland butchers
had to say.

Those that couldn't make it, like
third generation farmer Alan Perry, who's based at Sassafras
in the State's north

were buoyed by reports

Brisbane shoppers
can tell their product apart,

and will pay more for it.

If we start to get a premium
for our Tasmanian lamb

it's going to be MSA graded,

so you know,
if we get a few cents premium,

that's definitely going to be
money in our pockets.

He fattens 3,000 lambs a year,

using the same low-stress,
high-nutrition philosophy

of Robbie Tole.

He says if the Queensland market
grows,

he will cut back on cropping
and increase lamb numbers.

It's going to be definitely
for the long haul,

like it's been round
for a couple of years now

and now it's just starting
to come out in the open really.

This Queensland job's
going to be here for a while.

'Cause there's a lot of people
in Queensland to be fed.

At the Tas Quality Meats abattoir
at Cressy

between 7,000 and 10,000 lambs
are slaughtered weekly for the domestic and export trade.

Dubai's proving a very strong market

with one customer
offering to take every one.

Owner Brian Oliver says

when the Midlands irrigation scheme
kicks in next year,

he will be able to source more lambs.

Yeah, we're very excited
that for our business

it's going to create
a lot more throughput.

We'd like to consistently do
10,000 a week,

which is going to give us
that 3,000 extra lambs a week,

but it will be more
over a longer period of the year -

there's a lot of times
where the season lightens off.

I think that those lambs
will come into play then

to give us more consistency
through our business.

And do you think the Midlands
can provide that extra 3,000?

Yeah, easy.

While the Melrose contract
isn't huge,

Georgie Bond says the
visit from the Queensland butchers

has given producers a big lift.
And plenty to think about.

I think it's been
a really fantastic day

and has really given everyone
a real boost

and got everyone a bit excited
about lambs

because certainly
over the last couple of years,

it's been really, really up and down

and I think it's really hard
on farmers

to be in a market
that one minute you're soaring

and the next minute it's awful

and to stay in there you
really need some good news stories.

With his familiar white hat
and outspoken manner,

Bob Katter is arguably

the most recognisable politician
in the country.

Over the past 20 years

he has represented
the North Queensland seat of Kennedy,

both as a National Party MP
and later as an independent. But now, for the first time,

he's heading into an election
as head of a national movement -

Katter's Australian Party -

with a focus
on rural and regional issues.

# Advance Australia Fair. #

The Mount Isa Rodeo

combines patriotism
and a celebration of outback life

with one hell of a ride.

(Crowd cheers)

It's the perfect playground

for the independent member for
the North Queensland seat of Kennedy.

How are ya?
Mate, good to see you.

Luke Chaplain.
I'm one of the Chaplains.

Jeez, look! Little Lukey!

Behind the rodeo bar,
Bob Katter is hard at work

campaigning to retain the seat
he has held for the past 20 years.

I was supposed to go down
to bloody Johnny Logan's last night.

Oh, really?
But it got too bloody late.

I think the language he uses

is the language
which his constituents use.

Very, very few politicians

who actually can get away
with the tactics that Bob has used over many, many years.

(Cheering)

The crowd may have paid good money
to see the rodeo,

but Bob Katter
is also one of the attractions.

He's not so much a local MP
as a visiting celebrity. Bob to win Kennedy.
Bob to win Kennedy.

Once again. Bob to win Kennedy.
He will do it.

He will do it for the people.
He will do it for the families. ANNOUNCER: Come on, cowboys,
let's go. Pulls up alongside him,
bring him round, lay him down, yep!

Here from Adelaide.
I'm from Adelaide!

From South Australia.
I'm from Adelaide.

And I'm sorry, but I don't agree
with a lot of things that you do,

but at the same time
you have a face that I remember.

I love it!

My mum loves you!

What's your second name?
Lloyd.

The Lloyds!
All the Lloyds are good looking.

No, seriously, they are, you know.

But this is a campaign

in which Bob Katter needs more
than old-fashioned outback charm

because this time he
is trying to appeal

not just to North Queenslanders
but the rest of the country

as the leader of a new party,
Katter's Australian Party,

based on old-fashioned conservatism

with a commitment
to rural protectionism.

Just like the old National Party
he once belonged to

and resigned from 12 years ago.

The party
is the fun and freedom party.

We're very much into
taking away all the restrictions.

Whether that's in business,
but, you know, mostly we're referring to
returning to the boys of Australia

their right to go fishing, camping,
hunting, shooting with their dads

and their dads to go out and do it.

Those sort of things.

Yeah,
on morally conservative issues,

on what they call social issues,

we could be regarded
as highly conservative

and very aggressive in our views,
but most of all

the driving thrust is to rescue the
nation's manufacturing agricultural, tourism and mining base.

To help him realise
his national vision,

Bob Katter has drafted
country singer James Blundell

to head his Queensland Senate ticket.

James Blundell, how do you do?
Oh, I recognise you, James.

Bob Katter is almost synonymous
with North Queensland.

You're from the south of the State.
Does he really translate elsewhere?

I reckon the rapidity
or the depth to which he connects

has accelerated massively
in the last three to five years. One of the mistakes
a lot of people make about Bob

is think
it's all about regional Australia.

Yes, it is, it's about regional
financial health and health issues

and communities

but it's also about understanding
where those things sit

in the overall well-being
of the nation.

He's got a fantastic national view.

And I think that's starting
to bite south of the Tropic.

That claim has been tested once
already.

In last year's Queensland election,

Katter's Australian Party's
rural protectionist message

attracted an impressive 11.5%
of the vote

and secured two seats,

both of which lie within Bob Katter's
North Queensland federal electorate.

But the member for Kennedy

argues his new party will appeal
to voters down south.

North Queensland,

if you take out the word
'North Queensland'

and put in the word 'Tasmania'

you'll get exactly the same result
every time.

I mean, you know,
our potato industry

is being smashed to pieces
by Woolworths and Coles.

Their immense power.

We have no-one to sell to.

Half of Tasmania
has been taken off them and given to UNESCO,

which is a sub-committee
of the United Nations.

You know, about a quarter of
North Queensland's

been taken off us,
and given to UNESCO.

What I'm saying to you

is that the issues down there,
funnily enough,

are identical
to the issues in North Queensland.

His heart and soul
is North Queensland and the bush.

Yes, he wants to expand beyond that

but the trick to that
is getting the right people

to attract new demographics

and I think that will be
the big hurdle and challenge

for party in Queensland,
let alone beyond the borders.

Aidan McLindon is a former director
of Katter's Australian Party,

a social conservative

who many in the party blamed

for a controversial
anti-gay marriage advertisement

in the State election campaign.

He fell out with Bob Katter
earlier this year

over the pre-selection of candidates
who supported gay marriage

and is now running for the Senate
under the Family First banner.

Unfortunately,
I think there's a lot of people

surrounded in the Katter Party

who have compromised
on a lot of the social issues -

abortion, gay marriage, euthanasia,

and it's like, that's not
where the party is about.

You can't say one thing
and do another.

Now, Bob Katter,
a practicing Catholic,

says he remains committed
to conservative moral issues,

but denies there's
any ideological split in the party.

Aidan McLindon's
gone to Family First.

Is this an example

of how you really failed
to get that discipline you need

for a political party?

Um... no, I think in some cases,
there's been personal ambition. There are people that we call
party shoppers, you know.

They've tried one party, and they
think they've got a better chance

of getting endorsed
and getting into Parliament

with our party.

And then they find out
that our party doesn't like them

or it's not -

and they don't
get Senate endorsements

or they don't get endorsement
for a seat.

So then they take off
to another party.

That's always a risk for a new party,
isn't it.

We will always pick up
party shoppers

and all new parties will do that.

While Mount Isa mayor and
former Labor State MP Tony McGrady

admires Bob Katter's
political skills,

he doubts they can be
so easily transferred

to a national political movement.

You're doing a good job up there,
mate.

Let me be a forecaster.

One Nation -
all these small parties -

they attract people
who have been in the major parties but cannot accept party discipline.

So they join the latest fad.

Now, it was One Nation

and I guarantee that many
of the people who are in One Nation

will now be in the Bob Katter party.

# It doesn't matter, Bob Katter,
that you wear a big hat... #

Latest fad or not,

Katter's Australian Party
is already making its presence felt

in this Federal election -
in Queensland at least.

James Blundell
is putting down a campaign theme song

in the knowledge he has a good chance
of picking up a seat in the Senate

after receiving Labor preferences
in the Sunshine State.

In this situation,
I think we have a distinct advantage

in that as a party
we have no prior form

so we can't be attacked
on prior form.

That mightn't sound
like much of an advantage,

it's a huge one at the moment.

Beyond the Queensland Senate,
Bob Katter has national ambitions.

G'day, Bob. Welcome.
Nice to see you here, sir.

Last weekend, he made a flying visit
to Sydney's west,

announcing support for a new airport. This is a place where he believes

the party's pro-tariff,
anti-deregulation message

might cut through.

Our biggest grouping of candidates
is in Western Sydney.

And they were all what you call
industrial candidates, you know,

in a different time frame,
if it was back in the '40s or '50s,

they would be running
for the Labor Party.

But it's in Queensland
where the party has the best chance

to influence the make-up
of the Lower House.

The party is preparing to preference
Labor ahead of the Coalition

in some marginal regional seats
in the State.

Katter's Australian Party
may be a novice outfit

but its leader is a veteran
of the political process,

and last week admitted
with some reluctance

that deals had been done.

It's a matter of public record,
it's not given to the media by us,

but given to the media
by other people,

and we most certainly
have had discussions.

30% into that glass.

The wheeling and dealing,
however, has attracted controversy.

Responding to criticism
that it was too close to Labor,

the party used coloured milk

to illustrate the proportion of seats

it's preferencing to Labor
and the Coalition around the country.

The Liberal Party into that glass
which is 70% preferences.

Party President and Bob Katter's son
Robbie

along with a couple
of Banana in Pyjama impersonators

were given the job this week

to argue their new political outfit
was strictly independent.

The fact is these two represent
the duopoly

that are trying to bully people
around Australia

and taking people's votes
for granted.

They have a born-to-rule attitude.

We exist in the political atmosphere
because we want to challenge that,

we want to win seats
on our own right,

and all we're getting
is this infantile reporting

about where our preferences
are going.

We're trying to earn government
in our own right.

Is it any wonder

that with the approach they've had
and the dirty tactics they've had

about who's preferencing who,

the dirty tactics
that's been applied,

is it any wonder
that one in four people

are disillusioned
with the major parties?

# Doesn't matter, Bob Katter,
that you're not posh or arty, # All that matters, Bob Katter,
is your Australian Party. #

Bobbie Katter, mate.
What's the name?

Michael.
How're you going, Michael?

Bob Katter has built
an almost impregnable base

in North Queensland.

And he remains passionate
in his belief

that his pro-protectionist message
has universal appeal.

The point is not
that agriculture is collapsing.

It is that if you free market and
no-one else on earth free markets

then you will destroy your country
and that's what is happening.

But it's going to be a tough ride -

going from local hero

to leader of
a national political movement.

It's like a rock band.

You can release an album
that's a king-hit,

but the next thing you have to do
is try to out-do it.

That's why we get
a lot of one-hit wonders.

# There's only one thing left
to say.

# And that's, Bob,
you're a bloody legend, mate. #

And staying with politics,

apart from Labor's announcement
last week

it will boost agricultural
production in northern Australia through a special economic zone,

rural issues haven't played
a big role in the election campaign.

So far, the Coalition
has no formal agriculture policy, and while Labor's released
the National Food Plan,

it's made no significant
rural announcements so far.

Curiously, the best news for farmers
has come from the Greens,

which wants hundreds of millions
of dollars spent on R&D

and rural mental health

and Bob Katter, who could end up
wielding a lot of power.

ABC Rural's Canberra-based reporter
Anna Vidot is in the thick of it

and she joins me now.

Welcome to the show, Anna.

Hi, Pip.

Is there a reason rural issues
have been virtually invisible

during the campaign?

While both parties have been keen

to say that
they think agriculture is important,

and investment in agriculture
will be important

for Australia's
economic development,

it's not necessarily
at the top of the pile

which may explain
why we haven't seen it yet,

but we certainly would expect to
see at least one major announcement

from both major parties
before the end of the campaign.

Well, the National Farmers Federation
wasn't going to hang around,

waiting for policies to be announced,
was it?

For this week, the NFF put out
its election score card

rating the policies of the
Coalition, Labor and the Greens.

How did the three parties fare?

None of them did terribly well, Pip,
I have to say.

And all of them scored
quite similarly,

so when we look at issues

like the priority of agriculture
in the national agenda,

Labor and the Greens came out
slightly ahead of the Coalition,

simply because the Coalition
hasn't actually responded

to the NFF formally
in writing

and because they haven't
announced their policy yet.

On issues like research
and development

and funding for rural research
and development,

the Greens came out slightly ahead

because they have
during this campaign allocated,

or announced they'd like to allocate

$300 million over four years
to rural research and development.

Obviously,
they won't be able to do that

as a government in their own right

but that's certainly what they will
be lobbying

whoever does form government for.

Labor did quite well
on some of those areas as well,

particularly looking
at building skills in the industry,

but really, I don't think anyone
cracked three stars out of five.

It seems farmers are getting more
support from the Greens than the Nationals. What's going on?

Yeah, it's an interesting situation

and certainly not one we would've
seen probably from the Greens

ten years ago or even more recently.

But it does continue a shift
that we've seen with the Greens

since Christine Milne took over
as the leader of the Greens.

Of course she's the
Tasmanian Senator, Christine Milne,

who herself is the daughter
of a dairy farmer,

and has been very keen to emphasise
the commonality

between agriculture and the farming
sector, and the Greens.

Animal welfare organisations

were tipping live exports
would be a major issue.

Has that panned out?

Certainly there's been quite a lot
of activity on social media

as there usually is
around this issue.

But the ABC's Vote Compass report

looking at Australian attitudes
to live export and whether or not
the trade should be banned

came out on Friday.

And it actually indicated

the views are pretty much
where you might expect them to be

inasmuch as people in regional areas
are generally a bit less likely

to support a ban on live exports,

people in cities

are generally a bit more likely to
support a ban on live exports.

The Greens,
clearly in favour of a ban,

the Coalition voters not so much.

What was interesting there

was that Labor voters

don't seem to feel terribly strongly
one way or the other,

a lot of those Labor-leaning voters

were clustered around
the sort of middle of that spectrum,

which would suggest that
it's probably not an issue

that's changing people's votes
in this election.

And certainly so far, it hasn't been
a big national campaign issue, no.

Before we go, Anna, it's clear from
opinion pieces

in several rural papers this week

that farm lobby groups
and rural people

are getting annoyed, even angry

that rural issues aren't
getting a mention in the campaign.

Can we expect rural issues
to get a higher profile

in the next fortnight?

Or is ag just not a priority

for the politicians and
their strategists this election?

They're certainly telling us
that it's important, Pip.

Agriculture is one
of the five pillars of the economy

according to the Coalition,

and Kevin Rudd has frequently spoken

about how greater investment
in agribusiness is necessary.

So we would expect to see,

given that they themselves

have introduced agriculture
into the election campaign,

we would expect to see
some further detail.

At the very least we are expecting
to see a formal agriculture policy

from the Coalition
before the end of the campaign.

Anna Vidot, thanks for your time.

Thanks, Pip.

To rural news now.

A New South Wales citrus grower

has drafted a proposal
to overhaul food labelling laws.

With an election looming

and new research showing consumers
are looking to buy Australian-made

more than ever before,

Riverina grower Vito Mancini's
call for change is well-timed.

He says current laws
are unnecessarily confusing. The juice may be foreign

but as long as
the cost of putting in the bottle

is the majority cost of the product,

means it can be called
'made in Australia'.

Buy Australian campaigners say

increased sales
of Australian-grown produce

helps the whole community,
not just farmers.

In Victoria, Gippsland farmers have
called on the State Government

to turn a moratorium on the
controversial practice

of coal seam gas fracking

into a permanent ban.

The Lock the Gate alliance says 98%
of farmers around Sea Spray

in East Gippsland

have locked their gates
to coal and gas development.

With all of these sorts of issues
there's a balance to be struck

between economic development
and protecting our environment. An anti-fracking petition
signed by 11,000 people

will be presented to
Government next week.

Still in Victoria,
and in the State's south west

the suicide of three farmers
in the past two months

has prompted local farmers to get
together to do something about it. It has been really tough
financial and climatic conditions,

so we just got together
and said what can we do?

600 farmers met in Warrnambool

to discuss depression, mental health
and politics.

It's not until after a tractor's
run over you,

ripped your arms and your legs off

that you think you're qualified
to present to a doctor for help.

And at a Queensland cane farm
near Bundaberg this week, a moving ceremony was held
beside 29 unmarked graves -

the resting places
of South Sea Islanders

brought to Queensland
in a brutal labour program

that began in the mid 1800s.

Often treated like slaves
and forgotten when they died,

the push for them to be remembered

came from property owners
the Courtice family.

It brought a team
to the farmer's eye.

Balmain boys and Bundy boys
aren't supposed to cry.

Oh, no. A little bit.

Over 40 years,
nearly 62,000 people were brought,

some as indentured labour,
others were tricked or kidnapped. This dedication today
is acknowledgement

to those people who were picked up
and chained and taken on that ship

and brought to Queensland.

It's believed this site is
just one of hundreds of such places

in Queensland.

Well, it's hardly a secret

that Australia's relationship
with Indonesia at present

is a little fragile.

So it was encouraging to see
a trade forum in Brisbane last week,

sponsored by Indonesia.

There were a lot of big hitters there
from our northern neighbour,

all asking for Australian investment
in Indonesia -

especially in their cattle industry.

I spoke with Indonesia's
Vice Minister for Trade,

Mr Bayu Krisnamurti and asked him specifically

about inconsistencies
in his government's policies

on exports of beef cattle
from Australia.

(Welcomes and greets Minister
in Indonesian) Minister, in your address
you spoke of big numbers

and the big potential for
Australian investors in Indonesia.

The one anything about Indonesia now

is we are having
very promising economic growth.

Not only for the past
but for the future.

We have a steady about five
to six per cent of economic growth.

And we also see that
the middle class of Indonesia is growing.

Not only within greater Jakarta,
our capital,

but also in other cities
in Indonesia.

So there is tremendous potential
for demand, in beef especially,

and other products, of course.

That is something

that I would like to share
with my Australian colleagues

and we do hope
that you could see also

that there is an opportunity

not only for trade
but also for investment.

One point made to me by potential
or actual investors in Indonesia

is that there
should be consistency of policy

from the Indonesian Government
towards investors.

Do you think acknowledge that
that is an issue?

Yeah, I have to say that
doing business in Indonesia

is not smooth as silk.

It's something that sometimes
going to be rough,

that competition is also very high,

Indonesian business is also growing,

they would like to keep the market
and their business for their own,

but Australia have their advantage.

You have your technology,
you have your experience,

you have your capacity
in human resources,

you have your networks.

Combine that with the growing market
of Indonesia and ASEAN,

we could do much together.

In terms of policy, as any other country in the world,

any other democratic country
in the world

there is an up or down,
there is a changing of government,

you will have your general actions
in the next few weeks, we will have it next year,

so those dynamics,

they need to be seen
as an opportunity not as a threat.

Minister,
one particular inconsistency

which concerns a lot of people
in Indonesia

was the move recently
by the government

to tell lot feeders to
sell their cattle at a certain price

during Ramadan.

Now, why would a government
move like that?

Because actually the price increase
in cattle Indonesia,

last few months, is irrational.

Your price is still stable

and the other prices in the region
are stable.

It's about five to six or even $7
a kilo, in Indonesia it's like $12, right.

And that shooting up
is because of Ramadan

it's the seasonal peak
of Indonesian consumers.

We do hope that traders

not only take that opportunity
to gain more profit,

but also considered the welfare
of the consumers.

They need to also be able
to have their festivals.

But I put to you that
isn't that shortage of beef

actually caused by a shortage
of live cattle coming into Indonesia? That's true. That's true.

So why don't you issue the quota
some time and allow bigger quotas?

Exactly. That's the point.

I think we need to have longer-term
relations

and longer-term perspective

not only on trade,
but also investment.

For example, one of the constraints
in the last few months

is the logistic system
of live cattle and beef.

We buy from you an additional
to supply our market but at the same time,

the bottlenecks on the ship,
on the land transportations, on the abattoir,

on the processing of that meat
and so forth.

So it's not only looking
at the live cattle or the meat versus the consumers,

we need also to look
on the supply chain.

Now
you're the Vice Minister for Trade

and your former Vice Minister
for Agriculture.

You would be aware of a lot of boats
leaving Australia for other markets -
Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam.

Now, that could impact on
Australia's ability

to supply Indonesia.

Yeah, and I think we can see that
also again for opportunity.

And knowing about
the cycles of your weather, your rainy season and dry season,

combine that
with the Indonesian situation,

we can make sure that
there's no lag in the supply,

you can make it a stable supply.

Even for Vietnam and Philippines.

So that is also what perspective

I would like to ask
of my Australian colleagues.

Minister, can you see a time when the
live cattle supply out of Australia

will get back to where it was,
say, four or five years ago?

We need to have a comprehensive
and integrated program,

both of us,
Indonesia and Australia.

Not only as I said
in the supply chains,

but also in the breeding industry
here in Australia

as well as for fattening industry
here in Indonesia.

Both need to be combined
and seen in a comprehensive way

direct to the retailers
and the consumers behaviour

so this dynamic needs to be
considered as an opportunity, again,

for both sides.

Do you see an increase in quotas
next year?

Yeah.
How much?

Ah, that's the million dollar
question.

Next year's live import quota
is indeed a million dollar question,

maybe several hundred million
dollars.

We've seen how the reduced quota
from Indonesia

is impacting
on southern saleyard prices.

So we'll start
with live cattle prices,

and as mentioned in that interview,

there's some action recently

with boats to Malaysia,
the Philippines, and Vietnam,

and the Middle East -

but movement has slowed considerably
this past week or so,

and the reason -
lack of permits to Indonesia.

Prices ex-Darwin are much the same
as last week,

with a hint of softeness emerging

if the permits are not released
within the next week or so.

Saleyard action last week
was all about quality

with plainer cattle
struggling to attract buyers, so the secondary types
dominated numbers

and most indicators retreated.

There was interest in supplementary
fed medium weight steers,

but the cold snap has put restockers
on guard for the moment.

MLA reports that weekly offerings
in August

are, so far,
way down on July numbers.

The Eastern Young Cattle Indicator
is bouncing around that 320-325 mark, and settled last week at $3.21 -
down two cents for the week.

Lamb and sheep numbers
were down last week,

but demand has slipped too as buyers
wait for the new season lamb flush.

So, overall it was another bad week.

That trade lamb indicator has
now shed 43 cents in just two weeks

while the mutton price has dropped
48 cents in the same period.

Grain markets remain under pressure

from the looming bin-buster
corn crop,

but Australia might have something
extra in the battle for sales.

China keeps lifting the amount of
wheat it will need to import,

and the figure is
now north of 8 million tonnes.

Australia already
has a share of that,

but with China quotes for local wheat
$100 more than Aussie wheat,

Australian producers
look set to benefit,

especially when taking into account
shipping costs.

So, Chicago wheat prices
fell ten cents,

corn went up four cents as
traders noted it was maybe oversold,

and the spread against wheat
was just a little too wide.

That soybean jump

is all about hot and dry weather
across the American crop -

and big orders from China.

It's worth noting,
the world's biggest buyers of wheat,

China and Egypt,

have both been absent from the market
for two weeks.

To dairy news now,

and the New Zealand industry
appears to be already recovering from a couple
of recent contamination scares.

Last week's global dairy auction

saw prices lift
by more than two per cent,

effectively recovering losses
felt at the height of the scare.

In fact, New Zealand dairy
commodity prices

are now an extraordinary 63 per cent
up on this week last year.

Indicative Oceania prices are steady.

A slight fall for butter

and those auction prices
could be a factor next week.

Let's head back to New York
for the soft commodities.

And cotton was smashed
in mid-week trading

as the hedge funds had an attack of
the shorts -

they sold and sold on the back of
news of a bumper crop in India,

plus news of
a better than expected American crop. So cotton went limit down
and then some

as it subsided to a touch under
84 cents -

a loss of 7.7 cents in the past week.

And sugar had another bear attack
to lose close to a cent a pound.

Finally, to wool,
where the week started poorly

but finished on a positive note.

The Eastern Market Indicator
closed at 1,012 cents -

up five cents for the week.

Highlight next week will be
a superfine auction in Sydney.

Futures, and last week 21 micron wool
for October delivery

closed at 1,065 cents -
down two cents for the week.

And that's the Landline check
on prices.

Conservation groups formed an
unprecedented alliance

for their successful campaign

for Australia to proclaim the world's
largest network of marine reserves. The commercial fishing industry

was no match for the impressive and
expensive public relations campaign

which pushed for the need to create
zones where fishing was banned.

Now, though,
a Northern Territory fisherman

is spending his own money
to produce a film,

which he says will
tell the industry side of the story.

He's the Top End fisherman
who decided enough was enough.

Bruce Davey took on
the Federal Government last year

over its marine reserve network

and the effect it would have on his
family's mackerel trawling business.

He claimed no-fish zones would
rob them of about $150,000 in income and important fishing grounds
close to safety in bad weather.

I've got no alternative
but to say to Tony Burke, I'm rejecting your process, right,

I have not been able to take a
sense of ownership of this process.

It's corrupt.

And and I will just be ignoring
his Green Zones

in the Gulf of Carpentaria

and this business
will just continue to fish.

It was a story that struck a chord
across Australia.

I was inundated with contacts
from Murray River irrigators, loggers, farmers, fellow fishermen
around Australia

who had a very, very simple,
similar message to say,

and that was why are
we being sidelined in the debate?

And why aren't we being heard?

It was just incredible.

I could not keep up

with the amount of emails,
phone calls and contacts

that were coming in.

The response inspired him
to engage filmmakers

to produce a feature-length
documentary

about the marine reserves issue

and its effect on his family
and the wider fishing industry.

It's called Drawing The Line.

We're the people that you don't see.
That you don't hear about.

That work off somewhere
you don't know where it is.

Every generation even before me

have had that responsibility
to keep it going.

If I'm not here
and my brother isn't here and people my age, my generation,
then what would keep you going?

Why do people hate me?
Why do they hate my family?

Why do they hate what we do?
Aren't they proud of what they do?

When you understand anything
of the background of this it becomes just another ecoforest.

If I came back with
a boat full of fish they say, 'Oh, he's raping
and pillaging'.

Whereas if I came back
with two fish,

they say,
'Oh, he's raped and pillaged'.

How can you fight
that kind of mentality?

I'm wanting the seafood community
to say,

I want my seafood, I want it
to be Australian or whatever,

I want to eat it with confidence,

that's our message,

and engage with them
and tell them the truth.

A truth, he says,
which is backed by science.

If you ask anyone in the street

whether they think
we should protect the oceans,

they're going to say yes.

If you then follow that up
with a question

and say should we have
marine protected areas,

they're likely to say yes as well.

There's something seductive
and intuitively right

about marine protected areas.

Just the very name suggests that
they are the right thing to do.

But I'm much more sceptical
about whether they actually function

in the way in which
they're designed to function.

The mere act of drawing a line
in the ocean

and saying
this is a marine protected area

actually doesn't confer
any protection at all. How can it?

You've actually got to
understand a threat

and you've got to actually
do something to mitigate that threat

and if you think about it,
the only thing that we're doing

in the main
with marine protected areas

is eliminating fishing.

We're not even considering whether
fishing is a major threat or not.

What about global warming,
introduced marine pests, pollution, sedimentation,
habitat destruction,

habitat modification?

There's no end to the number
of threats - significant threats -

that exist in the ocean.

Fishermen from around the Australia
have also been keen

to tell him their stories
for Drawing The Line.

We are hard-working, honest
food producers.

We were known to be that
all our lives

and we were proud to be that
all our lives.

The irony is as we have less and
less domestic wild catch of fish,

we import more and more from
less sustainable fisheries overseas.

You go to countries
like Thailand, China, Africa,

they're fishing
the guts out of their fisheries

and no-one is telling them to stop.

There's no rules.
It's just take, take, take.

In Australia we are the world's
most scientifically-managed,

most highly managed fisheries.

Why do we need marine parks?

Is the government saying that
we don't manage our fisheries well?

If we're not using
our own marine resources

but we're enjoying a seafood meal
at the expense of someone else,

that's an immoral position to be in.

To the public's perception,

when we come in with a load
and they see all this fish

they might think, 'Oh,
they're just decimating the fishery

but we have got X amount to catch,

and as soon as we get to that stage,

that's it, we gotta tie the boat up
and we go home.

When we heard that Bruce was wanting
to tell the other side of the story

about the producers, the communities
that are producing seafood, we thought,
wow, what a lovely story.

Let's support it.

Do you think it will
make a difference?

I think it will make a difference.

In fact, we're already seeing,
you know, even the lift in morale

when the other catching sector
fishermen

see the clips
that Bruce has produced so far.

You see them the chest goes
out a little bit,

and there's a bit of pride
and self-esteem coming through.

The Sydney Fish Market
and some fishing companies

have supported the project

but Bruce Davey is still
about $70,000 dollars in the red.

Although the response to clips
posted online has been encouraging,

he still doesn't have a television
or cinema distribution deal.

It's not about the money. Drawing The Line is very much about

where does the Australian
fishing industry go from here,

given that it's been a death
by 10,000 cuts?

So the money is irrelevant.

I'm investing in Drawing The Line

to send a very topical
and important message.

The message is, Australia,
do you want a fishing industry?

So if you were going to go
and talk to the Prime Minister

and you knew that what he could do
because of his position

is to use fear...

Bruce Davey says the Marine Reserve
Network forced him to take a stand.

He's on his first extended break
from fishing in four decades,

and is doing a six-month seafood
industry leadership program. So, we've got people from
all across the seafood community

doing the program.

Got people
from government employees,

through to guys who are catching
product and growing product.

And they bring huge information
about the industry

into the group

and that's why we have such a
variety of people in the group.

They've actually got a mission
that the industry can buy into.

Some change that they think
that the industry should take up.

And this particular group
is interested in working on

how to connect the whole
of the seafood community

to what they're doing.

To the passion, and the product
that's Australian.

For Bruce Davey,
it's about the future of the industry

and securing a future for his family
and fishing families like them. My business is a proud,
fourth generation fishing business

that I took over from my father

that he took over
from his grandfather

and with now my three children
working on the boat

as fourth generation,
I'm proudly passing on to them.

I want to know that that business
and every other Australian business

is going to be there not on a fifth
generation, eighth, tenth,

I want to know know
the Australian fishing industry

is going to be there
in 50 generations.

Unless the community, the public,
start engaging in that,

the industry will be gone
within 50 years.

There's been another slide
in the Southern Oscillation Index -

still positive, mind you,
but getting close to the line.

The graph reveals the ups and downs,

but just recently it's headed down

and is now at +1.5,
down from +5.8 this time last week.

Now to national rainfall.

And the Bureau's national map reveals
a fairly typical winter pattern.

Those showers on
the Queensland-New South Wales border

might be considered unusual,

but elsewhere, mostly dry,

and much colder than it's been
in recent weeks.

Numbers now - in Queensland,
Jandowae had 12mm,

Corowa in NSW had 15,

Victoria is just
about soaked at the moment

but had more rain last week,
including 35 at Jindivick.

Ross in Tasmania had 27.

Maitland in South Australia
scored 35.

Up in the Territory, Darwin Hospital
registered 7mm,

while Bencubbin in WA had 3mm.

And that's the Landline check
on rainfall.

Next week on Landline,

animal activists
now using airborne drones

to spy on farmers.

Wherever we're suspicious
or where we get intelligence,

then we will use, deploy
the hectocopter

to fly over that area
and document the evidence.

Every farm would feel it's
an infringement on their privacy

and especially when they have
no understanding or idea that this is going on

until they see the drones
coming in over it.

That controversial story
from Shaun Murphy next week.

Don't forget our website.

We're also on Twitter.

I'll see you next week.

Captions by CSI Australia.

# Theme music

Hello and welcome
to Gardening Australia. This week's episode
is all about pathways and I'm not talking about the one
I'm walking on. Instead, we're looking at
the different ways that people approach gardening.

Josh is planting an area
of his new garden for play. Sophie shows how to build
a three-bay compost system that'll keep her garden supplied
with compost all year round. Jane visits a garden designed for
fun, foliage and a sense of humour.

Hard at work behind me over there
is a young fella on a pathway
into the nursery industry. I've come along today to find out
just how the industry and nursery are working with his school
to make it all happen.

Meet Troy Gordon,
a Year 11 high school student with a love of plants,
gardens and gardening. I love what I do.
I don't have to be cooped up inside. I'm always outdoors. I like
that I can get my hands dirty. But it wasn't until he enrolled
as a Year 9 student in a Certificate of Landcare
Management at Kariong Mountains High that his interest
in plants and school blossomed. As a student when you first started
school, what were you like?