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ABC Midday Report -

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(generated from captions) P This Program is Captioned Live.Hello, I'm Ros Childs, welcome to this national edition of ABC News.

Egypt's army given sweeping new powers after violent clashes claimed more than 100 lives.A Spanish train driver is charged with 79 counts of reckless homicide following last week's high-speed crash.

Millions flock to the Pope's final mass in Brazil.And what lies beneath, scientists uncover the extraordinary marine life of Victoria's 12 Apostles.Supporters of Egypt's deposed president Mohamed Morsi are on the march in Cairo ignoring a warning from the military. Scores of Morsi backers were killed by military forces on the weekend. Opponents of the interim government are bracing for an even larger crackdown as Philip William reports from their sit in at a mosque in the Egyptian capital.This is a protest that just won't go away. Despite warnings from the new government, supporters of deposed president Morsi say they won't go home until the leader they voted in is restored.We are ready, we are ready to die. Not only one, thousand, millions, we are ready to die.And no-one of the old Egyptian, the people who are settling are settling there won't leave this place until they die.The sandbags mark the beginning of Morsi territory, despite so many killed here over the weekend they're determined to stay. Some of the injured have returned to resume their protest.The makeshift hospital is continuing to treat the less seriously wounded from Saturday's violence and after the nightmare of the past few days doctors here are preparing for the worst.Saturday night was above any medical history have been seen before.And you're worried it will happen again?We hope not but we must be prepared.The interim president has authorised his PM to grant arrest powers to soldiers. Many fear that that's in preparation for a military push into this area.For many families if worst has already happened. Here the body of a young man killed on the weekend reinforces both the fear and the determination to continue the fight.But for far too many families a political and ideological struggle has given way to raw grief of lost loved ones and so far, prayers for a peaceful end to this ongoing crisis remain unanswered.The sad fact is that attitudes are hardening on both sides and there are fears there will be many more funerals like this to come.With more on the situation in Egypt I'm joined by Professor Bob Bowker from the Centre for arred a an Islamic studies in the ANU and Professor Bowker was Australia's ambassador to Egypt between 2005 and 2008. Thank you for coming in. How concerned are you there will be more violence and on a wider scale in Egypt?I'm afraid that's a distinct possibility. The Government and the Islamists are living in parallel universes. There is very few signs of reconciliation being on the political agenda. Indeed if there were to be any form of reconciliation talked about on the Islamist side I think there would be a significant risk of fracturing of their political base and they're just not prepared to move down that path at this point.So there is a stand off. Do you see that in it inef - inevitably will be the military that will break that stalemate?I think there will be further incidents either laurvelinged - launched by the military to clear the protestors a way or launched by the Islamists that spin out of control. The issues won't be wiped away irrespective of the demonstrators on the streets and that is the question of whether the military is legitimately entitled to control Egyptian Government and politics for what could be an indefinite period.So in your view which group has right on their side?I would wish to think that both had some right and that they would each settle down and talk about how best to move forward. They each are convinced of the legitimacy of their own position. There is no sense on either side that compromise is the way forward.So the PM now has powers to authorise the military to arrest civilians, do you think that was inflammatory or do you think he had no other option but to do that?I think that the risk is that the demonstrators and those who are already sceptical about the future role of the military in Egypt will see this as simply another step towards a return towards marshal law and a great deal of the momentum behind the original overthrow of Mubarak, and indeed the demonstrations that rose up against the Muslim Brotherhood, were driven by this fear that ordinary Egyptians were not having their voices heard in Government and that the core demands for bread, social justice, and so on, cannot be met until there is a democratic system in Egypt.So finally is there any chance of a political solution to this, briefly?In the short term no. In the longer term perhaps exhaustion, perhaps more bloodshed will lead to a reconsideration of the present stand off.Professor Bob Bowker, thank you.Thank you.At least 37 people are dead after a bus plunged off an overpass in southern Italy. The coach passengers were returning to Naples after a pilgrimage when their bus plummeted 30 metres off the flyover. Authorities say the bus hit several cars before crashing through a guard rail flinging some passengers from the vehicle. It's not yet clear how many people were on board but there are reports many were children. At least 11 people have been injured.The driver of the train that crashed in Spain last week has been charged with 79 counts of reckless homicide. The 52-year-old Francisco Garzon has been released on bail after a closed door court hearing. There are reports he's told the court he was going too fast when the train crashed as it rounded a bend. 70 people remain in hospital after the derailment which was Spain's worst train disaster in decades. Under his bail conditions the driver is not allowed to drive trains for 6 months and must report to court every week.Israel and the Palestinian Authority are to hold initial talks in Washington tomorrow as they try to revive frozen peace negotiations. Police in the West Bank clashed with protestors opposed to the resumption of the peace talks. Israel has taken the first step in negotiations agreeing to release 104 long held Palestinian prisoners in a deal brokered by the US Secretary of State John Kerry. It's the first part of a 4-stage process. TRANSLATION: It is a hard day. The decision was made and I hope we will not pay a horrible price for this in the future. They say that they will be released in stages and that their release will be conditioned by what Palestinians provide politically on the table of negotiations. We think this is an act of blackmail, that their release would be used as an instrument of blackmailing the Palestinian negotiating team.There's opposition to the talks in Israel where people question the benefit of restarting them after 20 years of failed attempts.Cambodia's ruling party is claiming victory in the country's elections but the poll has been marred by violence and allegations of voting irregularities. The main opposition party says up to 1 million people were prevented from voting because of widespread problems with registration. The official results are yet to be released but PM Hun Sen's party says it expects to return to power with a reduced majority.Over 3 million people have gathered on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro for the final mass of Pope Francis's visit to Brazil. He greeted crowds along a 5 kilometre stretch of coast.This is one of the biggest gatherings ever seen in Brazil. At least 3 million pilgrims waking up after a night long vigil on Copacabana Beach. Inspired by a pope who communicates at their level. This papal visit may have been more about style over substance but in the words of one Vatican insider, Pope Francis has electrified the Catholic Church and brought many young people back home.For the leader of a Church that's trying to overcome so many internal problems, the adulation has been almost unconditional.The Church, especially here in Latin America, is increasingly charismatic and for a moment even the bishops perhaps forgot who they were.The verse "Go and make Di sieples of all nations" has been a constant theme. "The Church needs you, your enthusiasm and your creativity," Pope Francis told his young, atentative audience. Repeatedly, Catholic youth have heard Pope Francis tell them to get up, go out and spread the word.But as they join together in pilgrimage they also said it was a Church beginning to listen and modernise.Any institution that doesn't deal with its young people is going to die and that's just the way that it works. The Church has to address the young people, nurture their faith and spirituality or else the Church will cease to exist.But there are other young people here also marching this weekend. Unhappy with the Pope's visit, and the Church's traditional stance on issues like abortion and gay rights.I'm against the fact that they are spending money with the people, the money from people in this kind of event, that it's bringing nothing for us.Sheer enthusiasm for Pope Francis diverted attention away from serious organisational problems. Hosting the World Cup next year will be a much tougher challenge.Police have found more explosive material at a home in Ipswich west of Brisbane where a man was critically injured in a blast last week. The 37-year-old remains in a critical condition in intensive care after losing a number of fingers in the explosion. Bomb squad officers remain at the home in West Ipswich where there have been so far 9 controlled detonations. A 43-year-old man facing multiple charges appeared in Ipswich Magistrates Court this morning and was remanded in custody.Maritime authorities are working to clean up an oil spill in Brisbane's major port. Up to 10 tonnes of heavy oil spilled into the port of Brisbane last night. It's not expected to cause major disruptions.At 1,400 metres along the wharf there. There has been affected. We've got booms going in place at the moment and we'll be skimming that oil. It may take to completely clean it up about a week. We've had some bird life affected.Authorities believe they've identified the boat responsible and its owner could face fines up to $11 million plus the clean up costs.Let's take a check now of the markets. Here's Alicia Barry. Some mixed views on the outlook for the Australian economy?That's right. As Australia transitions out of the mining boom economic forecasting agency BIS Shrapnel has raised concerns that low interest rates aren't stimulating construction. It's building Australia report says the next 12 months will be a critical test of how quickly the building industry can take over as a leading source of economic growth. It says there will be minimal growth in residential construction in the comeing year. It expects house building to pick up in NSW, Queensland and WA but it's forecast to stall in the other States.New analysis from the Grattan Institute show other sectors like manufacturing and construction is set to help the economy bounce back even though some of the proceeds from the resources boom have been lost through tax cuts or government spending.We think that there's actually again grounds for quite cautious optimism that the economy will be able to adjust. Of course, all bets are off if you get a global slowdown of the type that we had in 2009.So Alicia, how's the share market starting the week?It's a fairly quiet day locally and that's ahead of a key speech from the RBA Governor Glenn Stevens tomorrow. The share market has been making modest gains throughout the morning and the All Ords is up 3 points saz the ASX 200 index. Turning to the market heavy weights:

Investors are now looking to this week's 2-day meeting of the Federal Reserve and a quick check of currency s:

Since regaining the Labor leadership PM Kevin Rudd has made signing a free trade agreement with China a priority. New Zealand has had such a deal for the past 5 years and has seen trade with China treble. So what can Australia learn from our Kiwi neighbours? New Zealand correspondent Dominique Schwartz reports.It's 5 years since New Zealand became the first developed country to sign a free trade agreement with China.We were exporting about $2 billion of exports a year to China in 2008, it's now over $7 billion.Dairy products, logs and meat have driven the surge. New Zealand dairy giant Fonterra sells more than 400,000 tonnes of products to China each year, a quarter are now tariff free. All will be by 2024. Fonterra says the FTA's been useful, but not vital.We've grown our business with China but we would have anyway because there are growing populations, they really want what we have to sell.New Zealand now exports more to China than it imports, but critics say the FTA has rein forced China as a supplier of high value manufactured goods and New Zealand as an exporter of lower value primary products.In a strategic sense it's not helping New Zealand's economic development.Chinese companies are investing in dairy in New Zealand. Though not always with a Kiwi partner.Whether it's creating the value that ideally we'd like to see it's questionable.So should Australia be chasing a free trade deal with China?We'll make things easier but how much change it will make as China slows is up for debate.It is really about building the relationship and business follows.You're better to try and find a way to build those relationships in other ways.But the universal advice - charm the Chinese dragon as soon as you can.Many Australians complain about having to vote but most of our newest citizens think it's a privilege. Refugees from war-torn countries or tyrannical regimes have never had the chance to vote before and they can't wait for the election.Good morning.What's your name?When it's your first vote you want it to count. Even if you're only choosing your favourite takeaway food in a practice ballot.How many number 1s have we got for pizza?These refugees have become Australian citizens and are learning how to vote at Brisbane's Multicultural Development Association.So fish and chips is elected. Congratulation, fish and chips. TRANSLATION: I've got any citizenship, I'm learning step by step how the politics works in Australia. I don't know much about Australian politics.It's something many refugees have never done before.The new citizens are really keen to learn about how our electoral system works. They want to know how to vote formally or correctly and they really want to participate in the system so they're great.The chance to vote is incredibly special for Burmese refugees say - Sayyed.I say we are very happy this year we can vote PM.They're Rohingyas, an ethnic minority who say they're persecuted by the Burmese Government. Talking about their homeland is still very difficult.My wife, my 4 children there...And Burmese have only just been given the opportunity to vote. For a limited number of candidates. About 700 Rohingya have come to Australia since 2008. Those who will be voting this year it won't just be their first ballot, it will be the first time they've exercised their rights as citizens.But they're already guessing who's going to win this election.Maybe Kevin Rudd.Here are people that are really going to do something with this new-found freedom they have.A vote of confidence from our newest Australians. Previously unseen marine life has been captured on camera by researchers in Victoria. The scientists have produced a bioscan of the seas below the iconic 12 Apostles in waters usually too difficult to dive and the results have been presented today. Natasha Johnson is from Parks Victoria, one of the organisations behind this survey. So Natasha, what did you find?Hi, Ros. The project we found really interesting marine life. There's a lot of invert brats in 12 Apostles marine park. There was a lot of reef fish life as well and a huge diversity of sea weeds.And a lot of this life you haven't seen in this area before?No, that's right. We do have a lot of information about the parks but because it is so difficult to access there's always more information and data that we can use to build our knowledge and to help with the management of the areas.So tell us about the mechanics of capturing these images that we're seeing now?There are two components. So the first part which I was involved in consisted of divers going out to different sites and taking still and video imagery of the marine life. So down to depths of about 30 metres and then in the deeper areas of the park Deakin University dropped a baited video camera over the side down to about 60 metres and that baited video camera drew in marine life so we were able to see what sort of creatures live in the deeper areas.So you're working through all the data now. How much new stuff did you find?Well that process takes quite a while, as you can imagine. We had over 1,000 still photographs and the details of that photograph you can, you know, potentially they're such high quality that you could uncover 30 species in one photograph, so it does take quite a while.It's not just the 12 Apostles above the water, the grandeur continues beneath the ocean sur - surface. We could see some of it before, the arches under the water, for example?The coastline is so spectacular and most people would be aware of the 12 Apostles but those sort of formations continue underneath and there's massive big arches and tunnels and gutters and sheer cliff walls underneath the water as well. So what you see above the water is just one small snap shot of the amazing topography underneath.Natasha Johnson, great to talk to you, thank you.Thank you very much.A new study says heart attack survivors are putting their lives at risk by not following doctors orders. More than 500 heart attack survivors were surveyed by independent health researchers Baker IDI. The study found many sufferers don't take medication and continue to live unhealthy life styles greatly increase ing their risk of another heart attack.They're not getting the referrals in the hospital in the first instance. Only about 1 in 4 have a chance of going to cardiac rehab. Then when you are discharged you're not necessarily linked back to your GP or community services and so the care that you need for the rest of your life doesn't start because really you actually need to be having a management plan, you need to be seeing a GP on a regular basis, checking your blood levels, particular blood pressure and cholesterol but you need community services and programs to help you make those life style changes. It's hard to give up smoking, it's also hard to take up exercise and it's also very hard to change your diet.And health professionals are warning that up to 100,000 Australians may have hepatitis B and not know it. Children born in Australia are generally immunised against the virus but migrants can miss out on the vaccination placing them at higher risk. The virus is now becoming so prevalent that it's leading to a rise in deadly liver cancer.24-year-old Nafisa Yussuf first began feeling unwell during her final year of high school.I was experiencing fatigue and loss of appetite and just extremely exhausted.The Somali-born migrant had a blood test which confirmed she had chronic hepatitis B. It's believed she contracted the blood-borne virus from her mother at birth. Doctors estimate more than 200,000 Australians have HepB but up to half of them don't know it.The idea that nearly half the people living with this condition have no idea about it is something we really urgently have to address.The hepatitis B virus is not included in routine health checks for incoming migrants so it often escapes early detection. It can lead to liver cancer and death. While vaccinations and treatment are readily available, health professionals say more needs to be done to educate migrant communities about the condition.Hepatitis has been one of those issues or one of those health conditions that we've managed to sort of suppress. It's not out there as much as, for instance, the issues around HIV or other health conditions.The treatments available, it's manageable, but most people don't know about it. So I think people should go to their doctor and just get tested and vaccinated.Vaccinations are also cost effective. Thousands of doses of the Hep B vaccine cost about the same as one liver transplant.Now for our regular wrap of all the footy action over the weekend here's Craig Norenbergs. Good to see you. Not a great weekend for the Bombers on or off the field?No, my 8-year-old son Tommy is a Bombers supporter and even he would know that James Hird is increasingly becoming isolated a t the club. The latest problems to face the club, their President had already quit and now their chairman David Evans after or before or after the game he suffered a physical break down, he was treated by Club Med Cal staff after apparently complaining of breathlessness, having a light head and struggling with vision. Now if you're getting to that point where physically there's something wrong with you you know it's time to step down. This comes at the back of that 5-month investigation into the Bombers' alleged use of performance-enhancing drugs. There's talk that the ASADA report will come out on August 5 so we'll hear more about that then. No doubt about it, the Bombers have somehow kept performing at the top level throughout their ordeal. Their resilience, it has to be said, has been extraordinary but the cracks are turning into chasms the size of the Blue Mountains. The Hawks adding to their woes on Friday night. Simply put, Hawthorn led by Lance Armstrong, there he is there, his 8 goals, they were way too good, 143-87, an old fashioned thrashing. Maybe the Bombers have more on their minds than football. Very efficient from Hawthorn. Speaking of good things, the other game which told us a bit about the make up of the finals this season was yesterday's clash between Sydney and Richmond at the SCG. I think we can say with certain I will Sydney are a top 4 team with back-to-back premiership credentials whilst the Tigers are maybe not. They will make the 8 for the first time since 2001 but they were given a master class by the Swans, a team that seems to be tapering and timing their run towards the finals quite well. Jarrod McVeigh and Kieran Jack leading the way for them. It was the Swans' 5th win in a row and things are looking good for them.On to NRL and the Warriors are they are title chance this year?Maybe not a title chance but certainly a top 4 chance. Yesterday they beat last year's premiers Melbourne Storm 30-22 at Mount Smart Stadium in Auckland. A real statement of intent. The Warriors sealing victory in the last 2 minutes in a topsy-turvy game. The Storm though controlled large parts of the contest and they will probably rue a few chances they missed out on. The Storm looking at them now, they've lost 5 of their last 6 games, albeit some of those during the State of Origin period where they don't normally do that well. But they now have to play Canberra in Canberra, host the Rabbitohs and Newcastle on the road. The Warriors have won 7 of their past 8 and look pretty good at the moment. The other game , like the Bombers, the Sharks are trying to put drug rumours and investigations behind them on the field. Yesterday a 38-10 drubbing of pen trit. They have 10 players who are apparently going to receive notices from ASADA. Todd Carney was untouchable yesterday, scoring 18 points on his own. The game was over at 20-0 at half time.Sad note to finish. Former Cowboys coach Graham Murray has died.One of the good guys of rugby league. A former player with Parramatta and South Sydney. He couched the Hunter mar Norris e Roosters, kou boys, Fiji and the women's team and also NSW for their 2006 and '07 State of Origin campaigns. He was only 58 years old. A long illness, a few heart attacks so he will be sadly missed.Craig, thanks. The Socceroos lost 4-3 to China in the East Asian Cup last night. The Australians finished as the worst performing team of the tournament but coach Holger Osieck says it was a valuable experience as he strives to add depth to the squad. Aaron Moy provided the highlight of the match for the Socceroos with his goal in the first half. China led 4-1 before Australia scored twice in the last few minutes through Adam tag art and Mitch Duke.Lewis Hamilton has won his first Formula One race for Mercedes. He won the Hungarian Grand Prix this morning ahead of Kimi Raikkonen and Sebastien vetle. Australian Mark Webber came in 4th after starting 10th.You can tell I was hungry for it today. I was going all out and I needed to get past those people and usually I get stuck in traffic generally in my races and today I wasn't having it.Let's take a look at the national weather now. Here's Paul Higgins.A belt of high pressure right across Australia is keeping most of the country in the clear at the moment. We have a pressure trough in the east creating some instability and that's going to kick off more thundery showers today. Onshore winds will bring a few showers to Queensland's east coast. A weak cold front pushing into the Bight is going to trigger showers along the coast today, moving into the south-east tonight. And we have another weak cold front which is going to hit the south-west late tonight bringing mostly coastal showers tomorrow. In fact not very much showing up at all. Plus the trough in the east will push showers over Tasmania, eastern NSW and south-east Queensland in particular, but not really all that much rain around.

And that's the news for now. Our next full bulletin on ABC 1 is at 5:30pm and don't forget there's news whenever you want it on ABC News 24 or online at abc.net.au/news.I'm Ros Childs, have a great day.

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