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(generated from captions) This Program is Captioned Live.Good morning, welcome to ABC News Breakfast. It's Monday, 29 July, I'm Michael Rowland.I'm Beverly O'Connor. The Government's razor gang meets to finalise spending cuts as the PM shifts his focus to the economy.An uneasy stand off, Egyptian protestors defy Government demands to pack up and go home.Heart attack survivors putting their lives at risk by ignoring doctors' orders.And Lewis Hamilton dominates the Hungarian Grand Prix winning his first race for his new Mercedes team.Federal Cabinet is meeting today to put the finishing touches to another round of spending cuts. The Treasurer is expected to hand down a new economic statement later in the week in the face of falling revenue.And Kevin Rudd is coming under increasing pressure to call the election but the window has now all but closed for an August poll. The PM would have to visit the Governor-General some time today if an election was to be held on August 31. We're joined by political correspondent Melissa Clarke in Canberra. Mel, welcome back, great to see you. First let's look at the meeting of cabinet today which is expected to seriously consider those spending cuts foreshadowed by the Treasurer.And it's going to be a hard task for the Federal Government. They have promised that the PNG a asylum seeker solution would be one that's budget neutral and given that has an unknown price tag on it means there's a spirling cost there for the Federal Government, that cost Government, that they need make some account of, so that's partly make some account partly what's driving this move to have an updated economic statement, to have cuts or potentially changes in tax raising to try to make up some of that ground. But there's also another motivation in having this economic statement from the Federal Government and that is once the election is called a couple of days into the campaign, the Treasury Department will release a new economic update and they don't want it to look too different from the most recent Budget figures that we had back in May. So if we have the Federal Government give their own mini budget or economic statement that gives us an update it would mean it's much less likely that there's too much disparity between their figures and what Treasury puts out as an independent basis once the campaign has started. Now we know that revenue has continued to fall over the last couple of months, so there is already a hole in the figures from what we saw in May. Chris Bowen, as the new Treasurer, has maintained that commitment to bring the Budget back into surplus at the same timetable so in May that were saying that would mean a Budget surplus of 2015 of a couple hundred surplus
million dollars but a solid surplus in 15-16. So we can expect to see changes.It looks as though the Government could be prepared to take something of a political risk by announcing potentially painful spending cuts on the cusp of an election?And that's something that could play two ways. It risks alienating some people if people are going to be adversely impacted by it but we may well see Kevin Rudd take the same strategy he's taken in past campaigns which is to make a virtue of this more economically austere approach of saying it's economic responsibility to tighten the belt. We've seen him do that in past campaigns. He may well try and do that again. And of course that may well be sooner rather than later that we find out with potential for an election date, certainly in August is now gone. If he were to call an election for August 31 he would have needed to have the writs issued today and t not going to visit the Governor-General and get the writs issued on the same day today so that means we're going to get a September or it's not possible to have a poll in October or November. But it's more likely to be a September poll.If he were to call an election later in the week the first available date would be September 7 but some potential hurdles as well?It's hurdles in front of that date many
as well?It's certainly one many people think could as well?It's possibility but there are two issues many people think could be a
possibility but issues here. One possibility but there are two issues here. One is that would be before September 14 and that means that a referendum on local government recognition in the constitution couldn't be held couldn't be held at the same time and it's pretty unpalatable to have a referendum at a separate date because of the cost involved and certainly the Deputy PM Anthony Albanese is keen to see this referendum go ahead. To go to a September 7 poll would mean jettisoning the chance to near
have that referendum in the near future. And the other is the G20 meeting in Moscow which is on September 5 and 6. Kevin Rudd may want to attend that, if that was factored in it would make a September 7 poll impossible. You wouldn't rule it out yet.We'll see how it all plays out over the course of the week. Hopefully, thank you.Now with the rest of the news here's Bev.Thanks, Michael. Supporters of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi are remaining defiant and ignoring government demands to end their protest. Scores of people were killed in clashes with security forces at the weekend. Speak ers from the Muslim Brotherhood have addressed protestors saying they won't back down from their demands to have the former president reinstated. The Interior Minister is warning the demonstrators they will be premoved soon if they don't their protest. A new study says
heart attack their protest. A heart attack survivors are
putting their lives at risk by not following doctor's orders. More than 500 heart attack survivors were surveyed by independent health researchers Baker IDI. The study found many sufferers don't take medication and continue to live unhealthy life styles greatly increasing their risk of another heart attack. Cambodia's ruling party is claiming victory in the country's elections but the poll has been marred by violence and allegations of voting irregularities. The opposition party said up to 100 people were prevented from voting because of widespread problem with Reg slaition. PM Hun Sen's party expects to return to power with a reduced majority.In France an armed man has made off with jewels worth more than $50 million. He struck at a jewellery exhibition being held at the Carlton Hotel at Cannes. The man evaded security and escaped with a brief case containing the jewels. The hotel is where Alfred Hitchcock shot his film 'To Catch a Thief'.An estimated 3 million people attended the mass on cope a ka pan a Beach. Tl Pope's visit is his first foreign trip since becoming pontiff and will fly back to Rome later today.Egypt is bracing itself for a new phase in a stand off between the army and supporters of the ousted president Mohamed morse irs. The interim government is pledging to deal decisively with any unrest.This from the BBC.They've been chanting his name for nearly a month since President Morsi was ousted. Their vigil goes on but with no progress on regaining the power over Egypt that their president and the Muslim Brotherhood once had. Just a few streets away yesterday they battled against the security forces of the new Egypt. More than 70 of them died. A human rights organisation says these deaths were likely targeted killings. Britain, the US and others have called on Egypt to stop the killings. Today the country's Foreign Minister responded.We need to have a strong presence of the security forces, the police in particular, on the ground, on the theatre being able to manage the situation without tragedies. To do that you need to defuse the violence. If you have people shooting each other on both sides then you're obviously going to have casualties.So they lost control yesterday?It's difficult to control a crowd using weapons if you're trying to not use like weapons.How will the Egyptian Government deal with the battle on its streets? It seems the security forces weren't trying to clear out the protestors, they were trying to contain them but now they say they will do just that. The protestors say they won't budge. So we have stalemate with the world looking on, telling Egypt not to use violence. who gathered in to use violence.The millions who gathered in Tahrir want
their who gathered in their revolution completed but rights groups say their revolution completed happen peacefully.We're very
worried that rights groups say it must
happen worried that they will interpret worried interpret this as a blank cheque. interpret this as a cheque. There are rules cheque. There are rules and regulation s on how force can be used. We're asking authorities to abide by these rules.A new Egypt is being built but the question is whether it carries millions of Islamists with it. That will be settled either with force or reason on these streets in the coming days and weeks. Cambodia's Premier Hun Sen has claimed victory in Sunday's elections despite widespread allegations of voting irregularities. Auskar Surbakti joins us from Phnom Penh. Auskar, good morning to you. He's claiming victory but have the official results been declared yet?Morning, Bev. No, they have not. I spoke with the country's Secretary of State and also the Government spokesman who says an official result should be announced in 72 hours, which in itself is quite a quick turn around when in the past the official results have taken weeks or even months to be declared. But this provisional result announced by the ruling CPP comes as quite a bit of a fact
surprise to most because of the fact that it's such an eroded majority. But in terms of official results we can expect them over the next 3 days if we're to believe the Government.You talk about that eroded majority and of course it's believed to be their worst result in many years despite these allegations of widespread irregularities?That's right. think a lot of people expected the CPP PM Hun Sen's party to win and they assumed that the Government would win by more of a majority. So this result is a bit of a surprise in the sense that basically the Government's accepted that it's going to lead a compared to what they're used to. At the last 2008 election they won a majority of they won a majority of 90 seats out of the 123 seat parliament. So this is an admission that perhaps the So perhaps the Opposition is perhaps making inroads. In terms of what the Opposition thinks of this result,s the main Opposition, the Cambodia National Rescue Opposition, National Rescue Party, that remains to be seen but when I spoke to them earlier they spoke expected to win outright which is something expected to win is something that many analysts really didn't accept. I think we have to wait and see in terms of we have to wait and see terms of what the CNRP thinks of this result and whether or not they will accept it.Tell us about this violence that has taken place. How widespread was it during the course of the election?When I was waiting at a polling station as the vote count was under way in down town Phnom Penh, it seemed that hordes of eager people were surrounding the official vote counters at this school and basically waiting to see or wanting to see that their vote would be counted. A lot of these people had been agitated that some of them were denied the right to vote and I spoke to a lot of them who complained of this practice, not only at this polling station but at others and as soon as the vote count was under way the mob surrounding the place became unruly and so at this particular polling station as ambulance was sent in to evacuate the official vote to
counters but that wasn't meant to be because the hordes of people sent upon this ambulance and smashed its windows. Riot police then came to the polling station to escort the people out of the premises but again, they proved no match for the people who scared the police away. And that boiled over on to the streets, protestors overturned two police vehicles and set them alight and it seemed like they were just venting their frustration over what they saw as massive voting irregularities.Do you think that's going to get worse in the light of the results? Sam Rainsy, who is of course now the Opposition Leader, does seem to have widespread support amongst the young voters?That's right. He's become a popular figure among the youth and they've been campaigning on the mantra of change but in terms of violence, when I spoke to Sam Rainsy's colleagues, they obviously didn't want anything bad to happen in the wake of the result but they were also going to wait and see the official result in terms of whether or not they would accept it. The violence, the post election violence seems to be isolated to that one incident so far. But in terms of what's happening around the country we're still not sure. But analysts in the lead up to the election had always guessed that the voting itself would be relatively peaceful and that the tensions would come about when the vote count was under way or while the country was waiting for an official result. So basically in Cambodia anything could happen at this stage.Thanks, Auskar.OK, let's take a look at the papers. The 'Financial Review' details a call from Reserve Bank board member John Edwards warning the Government against deep spending cuts and large tax rises, because of the economy's fragility.The 'Australian' reports the $190 billion wind fall has been squandered through un sustainable spending programs an tax cuts.The 'Sydney Morning Herald' features a report from the Grattan Institute saying a recession is far from inevitable when the resource boom fade.A policy tragedy on the 'Daily wooden box Telegraph'. It showed the wooden box of a 2-month-old.A
truly compelling image and it's rare that you can say something like that about any photograph. There we see it again. The 'Courier Mail' also has that story. It also tells how an incorrect application form could cost a Queensland university hundreds of thousands of dollars.Online the 'Guardian' Australia reports protestors in Egypt are planning on maintaining their sit in.The 'Advertiser' says Holden is close to securing another $200 million in taxpayer money.How a tattoo on a Bali holiday turned into a nightmare for a 9-year-old. That story is featuring large in the 'West Australian'.I won't ask the obvious question about that one. Zbli think you shouldn't.There are fears of a skills crisis in Tasmania with apprenticeship numbers falling.Lawyers acting for James Hird have accused the AFL of breaching confidentiality rules.The Canberra tiems covers the ATC Brumbies path to the Super Rugby final this weekend.Liam Jarrah is playing in the Top End and data shows it's more expensive to live in the Northern Territory than Paris, London and New York.And 'The Age' covers a survey that's found a large proportion of heart attack survivors are continuing to smoke, eat not take their medicine or do enough exercise. We'll have more on that later. A shocking survey and findings which should give a lot of people who have had heart attacks second thoughts about changing their behaviour.Absolutely.Now, we've been, of course, discussing lots of things this morning so far, lots more to come but we were taken by a discussion around how we watch television and how we're becoming multitechnologyMultiskilled.Multi is the word that we're looking for and it's about watching television while being on your iPad on your computer or on your phone and I have to put my hand up and say I've found myself doing it. It's an extraordinary thing and I wonder what am I doing, I'm not paying attention to one or the other.That's right and we'd like to get your views on that. There's a number of surveys showing multiscreening is becoming even more popular in many households. Are you a family where you've got parents, kids all interacting with their devices, watching the TV and a quiet lounge room and you may well ask what's happened to the quiet art of conversation when you're discussing something as opposed to tweeting.The what do you do when your son is engrossed in a game?I let him be engrossed with the game quite frankly. If you'd like to join the conversation on Breakfast this morning on that or any of the other topics we're discussing:

A quick look at the weather:

The top stories on ABC News Breakfast - the Federal Government's razor gang will meet today to finalise more spending cuts. Treasurer Chris Bowen is expected to release an economic statement later in the week to address falling government revenues.Supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohamed Morsi are refusing to comply with Government demands to end their protests. Scores of people died at the weekend during more clashes between security forces and the protestors.And many heart attack survivors are putting themselves at risk of dying from another. A new study has found they aren't taking their medication and continue to live unhealthy life styles.Late last year Australia won a temporary seat on the UN Security Council and this week we'll be looking at Australia's place on the global stage but while we play a very important role, our engagement with the rest of the seems to leave some feeling rather uneasy.For a nation of just 23 million people Australia punches above its weight. It's the world's 12th biggest economy, a leading source of minerals and energy. The country's also highly regarded for its education sector. 1 in 14 of the world's foreign students comes here to study. Many are from Asian nations which together account for just over half of Australia's trade The Australia's trade portfolio.
The Asia Pacific also receives 4 out of every $5 in 4 out specific aid 4 out of every $5 specific aid from Australia
4 out of every $5 in country
that's because two thirds or that's because two thirds 800 million of the world's poor live in this region. Since 1945,750,000 people have come here under the humanitarian program means that for nearly 6 decades refugees have accounted for roughly 10 to 11% of the total migration program and that trend continues today. The 14,000 refugees who were resettled in Australia in 2012-13 are among the 43 million displaced worldwide, mostly within their own countries. Despite Australia's considerable economic and humanitarian outreach though, it seems Aussies have mixed feelings about their place in the world. A survey by Essential Media showed that most people are lukewarm on the idea of Australia forging closer ties with its biggest trading partners and nearest neighbours like Indonesia, China, the UK, India and New Zealand. Nearly 3 in 5 people believe the Government's allowing in too much Chinese investment and the 2 in 5 fear that China will become a military threat in the next 2 decades. All this suggests that Australians are active but apprehensive global citizens. Jeremy Fernandez there. For more on the stories we're covering as part of our preelection policy forget you can go to the preelection policy series don't forget you can go to the ABC's
Australia Votes website. You can follow the latest election news, policy can news, policy and video.There's analysis, blogs and opinions and features analysis, blogs and features ABC analyst Anthony Green's election guide .The WA Government is under fire for breaking promises that critics say are going to harm services.Colin Barnett has confirmed there will be significant cuts to programs and services when the Budget is handed down next week.In a break from tradition the Government is releasing its Budget in August instead of the usual month of May.I think the Budget's probably being printed right now.The Premier is hosing down expectations of any Budget goodies. He says the State's finances are very tight and in order to achieve Budget surpluses, difficult decisions have had to be made.We are a
reexamining a lot of programs, a lot of services that may have been there for a long time and really assessing whether they need to continue and perhaps there's better ways of spending the taxpayers' money.It sounds to me like there's going to be a Budget which hurts families, hurts services and breaks promises.The Premier won't say where the cuts will be made but has previously conceded front line services in health and education will be affected as the Government moves to slash more than 1,000 public sector jobs.And while there's been speculation that record debt would force the Government to scale back its ambitious capital works program, the Premier says the big tieckt items including max light rail and heavy rail to the airport are all going ahead but he's not sticking with his election promises of when they will be completed.The major announcements are on track but gn - again, we've got to treat basis.We
that on a year to year basis.We went to Delisa State election 4 months ago in which Mr Barnett promised all sorts of things and now he's backing off all of them. He doesn't dempb to be the Premier.Mr Barnett says an unfair GST system has left WA $400 million worse off this year and is making it all the harder to balance the books.Let's go to the markets now and there was little change in the US at the end of last week.

Tapis is trades at $114 US a barrel. The Australian dollar is buying 92 US cents, 70 euro cents and 60 pence stirling. After that tease we can bring you back now those photos of Warnie and Liz and this is, we should offer a bit of a graphic content warning before we show you these im - images., if they're coming up. There we go.It starts relatively well.That's Royal Ascot.Off to the races.And then things start to take a more playful turn, shall we say.There's a word for it.Public displays of affection which go one step too far one would think at Royal Ascot.And Warnie has seen the expressing his view about photograph tler and is expressing his view about being
photographed. expressing his view photographed. I've seen this described somewhere this morning as bull frogging. He's trying to put his whole mouth around the glass of whatever with a cigarette in the same hand which speaking of multiskill is a dubious form.And I'm sure Liz Hurley wondering all the while what she saw in him in the first instance.Sorry if we've put you off your cornflakes this morning.Mildly amusing.As you might have guessed there's not much on, there you go. Hi, Paul, how are you.Being frank. Have you bull frogged before?I've seen lots of teenagers do it?Really?I notice both of you are stepping away from the fact that you've done it. - you've never bull frog sndNo, it looks dangerous, if the glass breaks you're in trouble. Let's go to sport, we'll start with the Formula One. The British driver Lewis Hamilton has won the first Formula One race for Mercedes. Hamilton won the Hungarian Grand Prix this morning ahead of Kimi Raikkonen and Sebastian Vettel who came in third. Mark Webber finished in 4th spot after starting from 10th on the grid and having that tirade against his team's performance with his car he's finished in 4th position. Vettel leads the driver's standings by 38 points from Kimi Raikkonen. There's Hamilton celebrating. Let's hear now from Lewis today. I needed to Hamilton.It was hungry today. I needed to get past those people and usually I get stuck in traffic generally in my races and today I wasn't having it. I was going for every move I had.Let's take a look at the AFL. The Sydney Swans beat the Richmond team by 46 points yesterday. It was a real test for the Tigers to see how far they've come this year and now they know the how far they've and now they know the answer. They're about 7 goals off the best in the competition. Dustin Martin was the teams he best player. There's so many great players at the moment in top form in that Sydney team and they've got very, very potent forwards, Jesse White kicked 4 goals, Tippett kicked 3.So Richmond will play finals this year still but like the rest of the competition bar 3 they're a bit off Sydney, Geelong and Hawthorn at the top of the ladder. Let's take a look at the rugby league results from yesterday after we just bring you the news that a Brisbane hospital says he holds grave concerns for the health of Graham Murray. Murray has been sick for some time and Raz hospitalised in at the Princess Alexandria ra after a suspected heart attack earlier this month. He is in a grave condition. Let's look at the results from yesterday. The Roosters beat Newcastle 28-12. They had a terrific second half with Maloney, Cordner and Sonny Bill Williams being outstanding players on the day. The Warriors beat Melbourne 30 lf 22. New Zealand held an 18-4 lead at the break. Melbourne came back to trail 24-22. In the final minutes a late trial sealed the game for the Warriors and the Sharks beat the Penrith team 38-10. Todd Carney was the star player kicking 7 from 7 with the boot.And the Brumbies just to bring you up to date on the situation in the Super Rugby if you missed it over the weekend the Brumbies beat the Bulls 26-23 with that great try just 1.5 minutes to go. There are lots of talk about different scandals and all things to do with sport over the weekend but that is a truly terrific story there. The Brumbies going to beat the Bulls in Pretoria. It's the first time the Bulls have been knocked off in such a big match in Pretoria.What a pass.And to travel all that way, to play at altitude was something and it will be even something better if the Brumbies can beat the Chiefs in Hamilton on Saturday afternoon.They were just on fire.Continuing a terrific season and Jake White's done a great job with that team as coach.God knows Australia needs some sporting success at the moment.The Aussies had a draw in the tour match last night. Ed Cowan made a 77 so he would have been happy with a couple of half-centuries. Khawaja failed with the bat in that match. We'll wait to see who path - Pattinson gets replaced by Starc or Jackson Bird. There was an interesting note out of that match, there's the
a batsman being brought in to the English line up called James Taylor and he made 120 not out in that match.And David Warner would have been pressing for selection, do you think the fact that he's had a little altercation with the umpire affect his chances?I don't know, they might look at this tour match and think they might need to rush him back in at some stage. It's probably best to leave him be. I know he made a century in that match for Australia A. He might need to make a cum - couple more tonnes before he gets back in. Desperate times gloss over that minor incident Desperate times might see them gloss compared to other incidents gloss over that minor he's been involved in. We will be he's been involved be able to discuss the he's been involved in. We situation at some stage and be able to discuss your thoughts on situation at some stage that's going to situation at some stage and get
your thoughts on that's going to hot up the
that's going to hot up during the week as well.ABC News Breakfast can be watched live Breakfast can be watched on the web.Head to the main ABC News website at abc.net.au/news. You will find a link to our program and that is streamed live every day.I keep forgetting we're on camera, see. Surprise, surprise. Paul's here with the wert now, good morning.Thank you, Michael. Well a belt of high pressure across Australia will keep much of the country in the clear today. We have a pressure trough in the east that's creating some instability and will kick off winds will
some thundery showers. Onshore winds will bring a few showers to Queensland's east coast and we have this weak cold front triggering
pushing into the Bight that's triggering shoiers along the coast today and into the south-east tonight. Another cold front heading for the west. Scattered showers for Queensland's east coastal districts and morning drizzle for the eastern interior:

Lovely to have you with us this morning. Lots to come on the program. Cyber crime will be put under the microscope at a conference being held in Brisbane this morning. We'll talk shortly about what sort of measures we can all take to protect ourselves from a cyber attack. We'll take a closer look at the morning's newspapers with Mohammed El-Leissy. And we'll get the latest from Egypt where the supporters of the former president are digging in and refusing to end their protests. Let's get a news update with Michael.Thanks, Bev. Leading the news this morning - Federal Cabinet is meeting today to put the finishing touches to another round of spending cuts. Chris Bowen is expected to hand down a new economic statement this week in the face of falling revenues.In Egypt, supporters of ousted president and
Mohamed Morsi are digging in and refusing to end their protest. Scores of people were killed in clashes with security forces over the weekend. The Government is threatening to send in the army to break up the protests. Heart attack survivors are putting their lives at risks by not following doctors orders. A national survey has found 1 in 10 people who suffered a heart attack continued to smoke and a third of them failed to reduce their cholesterol or blood pressure adequately with less than a half maintaining a healthy diet or exercising regularly. Cambodia's ruling party is claiming victory in the country's elections but the poll has been marred by violence and allegations of voting ir regularities. The official results are yet to be released but PM Hun Sen's party says it expects to return to pow wer a reduced majority. And in France an armed man has made off with jewels worth more than $50 million. He struck at a jewellery exhibition being held at the Carlton Hotel at Cannes. It's the same hotel featured in the classic Alfred Hitchcock film 'To Catch a Thief'.Now supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi have vowed to continue their protest despite threats to have them removed from the streets. Philip Williams has more from Cairo.This is just a small section of the many thousands of people that have gathered here. These are the pro-Morsi supporters. These are the ones that have refused to leave this area despite threats from the Government, despite demands that they go, they are staying put.All the people here in are getting ready to die, to die.You are prepared to die?We are ready, we are ready to die, not only one, thousands, millions, we are ready to die.We are here, we here, if
won't surrender to them. We are die
here, if we die, if we win or die here. The people who are settling, won't leave this place, no till settling, are settling there won't leave this place, they die.Is there any possibility they die.Is there possibility of compromise, of possibility of compromise, dealing with the Government?How compromise, tell me? We chose our president, Mr Morsi is president, Mr Morsi is our president. This is the people's choose, right? They took our choice. They theft our votes.We are not supporting only Mr Morsi, we are supporting democracy which we believed by everybody in the world.And that's quite a sailant point because not everyone here voted for Mr Morsi. Quite a few people here really just representing an outrage that the democratically elected president has been deposed and it's not just about the Brotherhood or their support for Mr Morsi. It's broader than that.Let's go to other news from overseas and the driver of a train that derailed in Spain is facing a closed court hearing. 79 people died when the train crashed near the city of Santiago de Compostela last week. Francisco Amo has been detained on suspicion of reckless homicide with reports the train was travelling more than double the speed limit when crashed.Israel's cabinet has agreed to release more than 100 Palestinian prisoners over the next few months. It's part of a US-backed effort to re slum peace negotiations.The cabinet
has backed a deal be put to a referendum. There's has backed a deal be put to referendum. There's talks the peace talks could be resumed as early as next week.Many Australians complain about having to vote but many of our newer citizens consider it a privilege. Among the keenest refugees from war-torn countries or those with repressive regimes that have never had the chance to vote before.Good morning. What's your name?When it's your first vote you want it to count. Even if you're only choosing your favourite takeaway food in a practice ballot.How many number ones have we got for pizza?These refugees have become Australian citizens and are learning how to vote at Brisbane's multicultural development association.So fish and chips is elected, congratulations, fish chips. TRANSLATION: I've got my citizenship, I'm learning step by step how the politics works in Australia. I don't know much about Australian politics.It's something many refugees have never done before.The new citizens are really keen to learn about how our electoral system works, they want to know how to vote formally or correctly and they really want to participate in the system so they're great.The chance to vote is incredibly special for Burmese refugee s.My heart, I say we are very happy. This year we can give vote prm.They're Rohingya who say they are persecuted by the Burmese government. Talking about their homeland is still difficult.My wife, my 4 children there...And Burmese have only just been given the opportunity to vote for a limited number of
candidates.I'm limited number of candidates.I'm living here,
very happy for me but when I

very thinking about my very happy for me but when thinking about my country, for
Burma, peoples it's very sad for us.Many ro - ro - Rohingya live outside Burma.We cannot move freely, we are very sad and very afraid and move sad and very afraid and one place to other place.About 700 Rohingya have come to Australia since 2008. For those who will be voting this year it won't just be their first ballot, it will be the first time they've exercised their rights as citizens. They're not taking their responsibility lightly.Today we can say we are freedom and got opportunity, I can work and I can do everything whatever I want here.Do you think Australian politics is easy to understand?No, it's very difficult.But they're already guessing who is going to win this election.Maybe Kevin Rudd.Other new citizens are also trying to learn quickly, thinking beyond voting to running for office.Questions they will ask about becoming candidates and those sorts of things really make you think here are people that are really going to do something with this new-found freedom they have.A vote of confidence from our newest Australians.Of course the
we live in an online world with the threat of cyber attacks a very real one, so much so that it's the top of the agenda at an organised crime conference starting in Brisbane this morning.It a report calling on the next Federal Government to assess cyber security as a priority. Dr Tobias Feakin from the Australian Policy Institute joins us from Canberra. Good morning to you, thanks very much for your time this morning.Good morning.You're within
calling for a white paper within 12 months of a federal election, why is it so serious and what would that accomplish?Sure, I think where we find ourselves in Australia right now is that technically across government we're very, very capable and we have a lot of capability to be able to deploy. But in terms of the strategies and the leaders to be able to deploy those effectively that's an area which is somewhat lacking at the moment and needs a little bit more coordination. So in terms of the paper that we've just published we're calling on the Government within 12 months of an election to, as a priority, create a cyber security white paper so that we can begin to join up the various strands of policy that do exist so that, you know, in times of a cyber attack and just in terms of our general awareness and deployments it means that we can actually respond more effectively.In the last couple of months we've heard of some very, very serious breaches, particularly aimed at government and business, has that shifted - I guess a lot of cyber security we thought was more around the individual?I think you point out a very good point there which is the threat landscape itself is ever changing and changing tremendously quickly. So in a policy sense to have not had a cyber security white paper since 2009 just isn't acceptable because threat landscapes change so, so quickly. I would say, you know, yes, for the individual there is a risk and there are certain, you know, ways in which an individual can make themselves safer and more secure online so that they're not going to be hit by cyber criminals and the like, but I think now where we are is that governments, businesses are really beginning to get a closer grasp on the vulnerabilities that they have and also some of the threats that are out there. But as I said, that's ever changing therefore they need to be increasingly agile both in their understanding and also their policy response.Give us a sense where the greatest threats are at the moment?Well, in terms of the most visible threats, you know, I think it would be difficult for anybody in the audience to have not seen a press reporting of, you know, State-led cyber espionage. At the moment that seems to be the flavour of the month. But in terms of, if you like, the more regular threats that would certainly exist within the cyber crime area where with attacks are pretty much continual because they allow the perpetrator to access funds remotely, to have a degree of deniability in terms of the attack. But also I think it's important to point out the fact that, you know, es pi des - espionage, be it cyber crime all these different areas merge and the perpetrators will merge the different motivation because it makes it increasingly difficult to understand who's attacking for what reason and also to find them and bring them to some form of justice.It was fascinating with Edward Snowden coming out and of course he continues to be holed up in a Moscow airport but it gives you the sense really that everyone's doing it, everyone's watching everyone's doing it, watching and attack ing and infiltrating the other person, is it watching and attack ing and is it ever going to end? infiltrating the other person, is it ever going to end? Is any
strategy going to overcome it?I think if there's one good thing that actually the Edward Snowden case has really done is it's bought out into the open the fact that OK, you know, everyone seems to like the blame the Chinese for these things. Yes, OK, there's a certain amount of activity they're conducting and also the victims of this as well but he's demonstrated Western governments are up to this kind of activity as well. So that in itself, I think, is very, very useful. I think in terms of the general public being deeply, deeply worried that they are being tracked and traced by governments because of the Snowden revelations, I think they should rest easy because those kinds of powers are only ever used with due legal process and, you know, an average individual is not going to be hunted down online by the Government and I think, you know, the public should be fairly calm in terms of realising that.Good to talk to you. Thanks for your time this morning.Thank you.And you're watching ABC News Breakfast. Good morning, these are our top stories today.The Federal Government's razor gang meets this morning to finalise more spending cuts. It comes ahead of an economic statement expected this week from Treasurer Chris Bowen to address falling revenues.AA tense stand off threatening more violence in Egypt where supporters of Mohamed Morsi are refusing to comply with demands to end their protests.And many heart attack survivors are putting themselves at risk of dying from another. A new study has found they aren't taking dying from another. A new their medication and continue has found they aren't to live unhealthy life to live unhealthy life styles. Let's take a look at the headlines this morning with the papers and Mohammed El-Leissy is with us. Good to see you. The 'Advertiser' has caught your eye because more taxpayers' money on the way to a car company.Yes, yes. Yes, securing
the Holden is on the verge of securing another $275 million on top of the 200 that was last year or sorry, yes, - sorry, the other way around, 200 million on top of the 275 they got last year. Look, to be fair, Holden has been doing - has been quite creative in their own initiatives of how - with their staff taking redundancies and things like that but I guess the question is how sustainable is it in the long term.And they were quite strong that they were almost threatening the Government if they didn't get this money they were going to shut up shop which is what they don't need right now.It's funny because there's two things. They're desperate to secure the money before the election because they're not sure whether or not they will be able to secure that post election. But the other thing is also on the Morning Herald' today
front page of the 'Sydney Morning Herald' today there's another story saying that the economy is going to bounce back quite shortly or that's at least based on a report from the Grattan Institute and that's expected to weather that storm. What I would like to do and I don't have the details and I didn't read it so maybe either you would know or some of the viewers but whether or not they are expected to pay this money back if the economy does bounce back because I know similar to the American models, I think that would be fair. But if not, if we don't know it's throwing bad money after good.And the 'Mercury' looks at the Tasmanian school shortage.Apprenticeships seem to be falling, I guess, in Tasmania. There's a report there suggesting that in 2002 they had 8,900 apprentices. Last year they went down to 7,800. So that's a drop of 12% which they're contrasting that with other States that they say have had 109% increase. So people obviously are moving to the mainland to secure jobs there or industry's dropped. They're worried about how they can sort of get that back on track.Now the 'Guardian', like many, are focussing on these ongoing tensions in Egypt and it just doesn't seem to be getting any better.I mean it's a horrible situation there. So over a over the weekend they're saying 72 people killed over the weekend they're 72 people killed by the army there and there and another 72 they're saying are brain dead. saying there's a few things saying are brain is a sit saying are brain dead. I mean
there's a few is a sit in, I understand, Islamist governments are ideological and unpredictable, I understand that. I wouldn't want to live under an Islamist government. It's a bit like living under - I wunt - want to live under any ideological government.The you want that separation of religion and State.Under Mo Barack who was torturing and quite violence against Islamist or people with outwardly Muslim behaviour, he actually radicalised and made a whole generation of Egyptians become more religious.And now they're dealing with the consequences.That's why they were voted in and the reality was this always happens with Islamist governments is they always come in, not always, but I mean most times in recent history they've come in through peaceful means, whether it's Algeria in '92, and deleas been a few other examples and the Muslim Brotherhood and they've been taken out by army coups. The point these people, let them come in through the ballot box and let these people, let them come them get kicked through the them get kicked out when people realise religion isn't enough to have a good economic policy or do the other things that government do and by them being kicked out through an army, through military intervention is only going to radicalise them even further and I think it's a shame that secularists who claim to have these moral, intellectual superior Fi, are now doing massacres, obviously not based because they're not out of secularism, it sends a bad message.Also because they're radical they will fight to the death literally as they are seeing.At the moment it's a peaceful sit in but let's see how long that goes for. The other irony is what the army now is doing now is exactly the same thing that Hosni Mubarak is on trial for at the moment. So it's just replaced one, you know, murderous dictatorship with another murderous dictate horrendous.Let's
orship and I think it's horrendous.Let's go to Rio, the Pope continues to get a rapturous reception there, doesn't he?I'm not Catholic, as you might have guessed.Mohammed, really? Really?I've been keeping it under wraps.Breaking news.I just came out. I really love this pope, I think he's a great guy and not because of any, you know, personal links or anything like that. I love the message that he's giving and look, to be fair, in pure - he's a good - he's come out actually against his predecessor, not very avertly but he's come out against the intellectual message of Pope Benedict. He's saying, you know, this not what we need wesmt don't need all this intellectual hog wash, obviously paraphrasing there , his message has been about the Amazon, it's been about, you know, I guess, crony capitalism and all these sort of things so he's a bit of an activist. As you can see they love him with the soccer. And these shirts, obviously. IsI do know 'Age' had a quote from the speech which is a courageous quote where he's told Brazilians that Jesus is bigger than the World Cup.Brave.It is certainly quite brave. It's contentious. Look, the thing quite brave. It's a bit about the Pope, he doesn't make a contentious. Look, the a lot of, you know, economic sense but he does make a lot of spiritual sense and spiritual sense and I think when you're in that position you don't have to make economic - but I guess that's what has been lacking is the spirituality from religion.His KPI so if he's doing that he will be doing something right.God will be benchmarking.And a story about how online streaming is denting iTune sales?I thought this was interesting. We've all been having this thing about how iTunes killed the CD and the CD killed the tape, well here's the new thing. It's streaming music and there's all these services like Pandora and Spotify and others and that's causing iTune s revenue to drop.And does anyone feel sorry for iTunes? I don't think so .It's amazing the evolution of music and who knows how far it can go. It looks like Spotify killed the iTunes.Peace be with you, Mohammed, we'll see you again.And with you, sister.And that's farewell to that newspaper article too. Peace be can you. To sport.Good morning, we can confirm Graham Murray has died overnight. There was some uncertainty about it last night, and much loved all around the world and night, the rugby league coach world and tributes are flowing in this morning for Graham Murray. The Leeds club in the UK where he had such great success in the '90s has sent out a mess Ing and Gary Hetherington from the Leeds rhinos says devastating news, he will be remembered by all our fans. He was a coach of the NSW team and that was in the course,
mid 2000s, before that, of course, he coached several NRL clubs including the Roosters who he had some success with and also he was a fond member of the Wynham Manly family and Scott Thornton had sent out a statement last night saying his family turned off his life support system and died about 10:00 last night. He passed away at the age of 358. To - age of 58. To other news, Hamilton won the Hungarian Grand Prix ahead of Kimi Raikkonen. Mark Webber started 4th after - finished 4th after starting 10th. Vettel leads the championship by 38 points. Let's go back to the playing action from the rugby league field yesterday and take a look at the different results. The Roosters had a win over the Knights and are still going very, rr well and they're in second position behind the Rabbitohs at the moment. Sonny Bill Williams again who was quite creative there. Maloney also played well and body Cordner played a good game. The the
Roosters are looking good at the moment. Slipping slightly behind is the Melbourne Storm. They lost to the Warriors yesterday. The score was 30-22. there
It came down to that last try there by Kevin Loch sealing the match and Cronulla had a big win over Penrith 38-10. So the Penrith team, which has done quite well in pink this year, not so good yesterday.And let's move on to the Socceroos. They've finished up the East Asian Cup tournament with a loss to China. It was 4-3 in the end. The Australians finished as the worst performed team for the tournament but the coach Holger Osieck says it was a valuable experience as he strives to add some depth to his World Cup plans. Alan Moy half.
with the highlight in the first half. China led 4-1 as you can see. There was about 5 minutes to play and Australia scored 2 goals to make the scoreline respectable but 4-3 in the end. Some very, very sad news there for Graham Murray and his family and all of the people connected with him and rugby league. There's lots of tributes flowing in. We'll bring you some of those as the morning goes on.See you next hour. Paul Higgins joins us with a look at the weather.Thank you, Queensland today: weather.Thank you, Michael. In

be
Thank you very much. We will be going to our correspondent Phil Williams who is in fact in Egypt again for those extraordinary protests that we've seen over the weekend as we were just talk about with Mohammed. There seems no let up in terms of that situation. The protestors have vowed to stay there. They've been well over 70 deaths and just as many who have been injured. A very volatile situation. Also rather disturbing is now that the military have been given the right to in fact arrest civilians straight away. So a real crackdown coming in by the Egyptian interim authorities as we know because they is not themselves faced any election.We'll be looking at the election date options facing Kevin Rudd. He's back from that lightning surprise trip to Afghanistan over the weekend. He'd have to go to the Governor-General some time today to pull the trigger on the 31 August poll option. We're also getting news this morning of an authorities are saying it's still very much difficult to assess still very assess there in the dark conditions but we'll have obviously the latest detail on that. And also your views on multiscreening, do you do it or do you think it's a social ill brought upon us by all of these tablets and smart phones? We'd like to get your views on that. We're back after this short break.

This program is not captioned.

This Program is Captioned Live.And welcome back to ABC News Breakfast. It's great to have your company, I'm Michael lightning visit
Rowland. Fresh from his lightning visit to Kevin Rudd is now turning his
attention firmly to the economy. attention economy. His cabinet razor gang is putting the final touches economy. His cabinet razor more spending cuts to is putting the final announced later in more spending cuts announced later more spending cuts to be there's still no word on an election date. We'll have details shortly. Supporters of Egypt's deposed president are digging in despite threats of another crackdown. And we meet one of Australia's up and coming opera singers. Young baritone Samuel Dundas has been awarded this year's Lady Fairfax skolorship. She - he will be heading to New York to study under some of the best coaches. But first the latest news with Bev.Good morning, everyone. Federal cabinet is putting finishing touches to another round of cuts. Chris Broe - Bowen will hand down a new economic statement this week. But there's still no word on a date for a federal election with the date of a late August poll all but running out. Egypt's Government is threatening to send in the army to break up the latest protests by. Those loyal to Mohamed Morsi are refusing to end demands to end their sit in. They will be removed by legal means following complaints from local residents. Scores of people were killed in clashes with security forces at the weekend in the worst bloodshed since Mr Morsi was removed. Heart attack survivors are putting their lives at risk by refusing to gif up their bad national survey has found 1 in 10 who national survey has found 10 who suffered a heart attack them
continued to smoke. A third of them failed to continued to smoke. A third them failed to reduce their cholesterol them failed cholesterol or blood pressure adequately with less than a cholesterol or blood half maintaining a healthy diet or exercising regularly.The ruling party in Cambodia is claiming victory in elections there but the poll has been marred by violence and allegations of voting irregularities. The main opposition party says up to a million were prevented from voting because of widespread problems with registration. Official results are yet to be released but PM Hun Sen's party says it's expected to return to power but with a reduced majority.In France, an armed man has made off with jewels worth more than $50 million. He struck at a jewellery exhibition being held in the prestigious Carlton Hotel on the French Riviera at Cannes. The man managed to evade security and escaped with a brief case containing the jewels. The hotel is where Alfred Hitchcock shot his 1955 film 'To Catch a Thief'.A quick look at the weather:

More now on that latest round of Federal Government spending cuts. Our political correspondent Melissa Clarke joins us from Parliament House. Melissa, good morning, some pretty tough options facing the cabinet here.And they will have to make that decision when they meet today because the Government plans to get this economic statement out very soon. It's on the to do list before calling an election. And it's quite a big task ahead of the Federal Government for two reasons. One is that revenue has been declining since the Budget was released in May. So they need to account for that missing gap. But also the things that have been announced by Kevin Rudd since he became PM have cost money and the Government has promised that those initiatives will be budget neutral, in particular the PNG solution in terms of having all asylum seekers processed and resettled in Papua New Guinea and the resources that will take has an unknown cost on the Budget yet the new Treasurer Chris Bowen says the Budget will be returned to surplus in the same time frame that they'd promised in the past. So back in May we had the then Treasurer Wayne Swan say that we would normally reach a surplus in 2015 with a couple of hundred million dollars but we'd have a surplus bedded down by 2016-17 financial year. Now, if the Government is going to keep to that surplus timetable, which is the commitment that's been made, then that will mean either a significant spending cuts or perhaps a combination with some revenue raising measures which is always dangerous when an election is looming so close.Now speaking of the election, it appears now very unlikely indeed that there will be an August 31 poll. What are the options now facing the PM?Certainly it's almost impossible for an August poll now. It would have to be called and writs issued today for that to take place. So the next option, the next cab off the rank for Kevin Rudd to go to the polls would be a September 7 date. Now, there are a couple of factors that might work against this being the date chosen by the PM. If we take into account that is before the original plan for the election on September 14, that means that the local government constitutional recognition referendum can't be held before September 14 so if you were to go to the polls for September 7 that would put that off the table and that would certainly be a big disappointment to not just local government advocates but also the Deputy PM Anthony Albanese who has responsibility for that area. And also the G20 meeting of leaders in Moscow takes place on September 5 and 6. So if Kevin Rudd had any intention on attending that meeting then he wouldn't be able to have a September 7 poll. Now it doesn't rule it out. He may well decide that now is the time to go, that the polling is as good as going to get and once polling is as good as it's going this economic statement out that fulfils the this economic statement needed to go to the polls, but certainly there will be some inclination to linger a bit longer and see if they can have any more success in say getting more States signed up to the school funding reforms or perhaps waiting for the ICAC hearings in NSW that have been so damaging to the Labor brand to be over and done with and decisions handed down before they go. So still plenty to speculate about but we know it's certainly not going to be in the month of August.We like to speculate. That election date therefore could be pushed until October realistically?It's certainly possible. Technically it could go as late as November but it's not out of the question to have one in October. However, the later Kevin Rudd waits we run into another question and that is the return of Parliament because Parliament is scheduled to sit on 20 August and if we're not in campaign mode by that time then Parliament would be obliged to return to sit on those dates. Now, that raises a couple of issues, certainly it gives the Opposition a lot of ground to attack politically on this. But also the fact that the grooeps had only given
confidence the grooeps had confidence to Kevin Rudd on the basis that parliament wouldn't be returned and basis that be returned and we'd be going to polls before parliament was due to return. It could raise issues of confidence in the House if Kevin Rudd would wait long enough to necessitate Parliament returning and MPs coming back to Canberra. So there's a lot of factors to be thrown into this mix and certainly a lot of pressure on Kevin Rudd to come to a decision soon.Thanks very much, we'll chat later.Well as we've been talking about this morning Egypt is braces itself as a stand off between the army and supporters of the former president enters a new phase. The ABC's Phil William is in Cairo and joins us now. Phil, this has become something of an awful stand off between military, the interim government and these protestors who not go away?That's right, yes. The protests are centred around the mosque a few kilometres away from here from the city centre. This is Tahrir Square and there are several thousand people here who are anti-Morsi but over in the pro-Morsi camp I visited earlier today there are probably, who knows, tens of thousands very enthusiastic, very determined people and this comes after the weekend when perhaps over 100 people were killed there and 1,000 wounded. Most people there say it was the armed forces, the police unsourced gunmen but they blame the authorities for those attacks. So there's a very uneasy stand off. Now the Government says they have to move, the Interior Minister says that will happen soon and it looks like the army will be given authority, soldiers will be given authority to make civilian arrests which is another step towards what pro-Morsi another step towards what the take over of pro-Morsi forces see as an take over of the State. So very high stakes take over of the State. So high stakes here and a high probability high stakes here high probability there will be
further high
high stakes here and a very high probability further bloodshed,
unfortunately.Yes, those high probability there will be
further civilian arrests, as unfortunately.Yes, civilian arrests, as you say, civilian arrests, upping the ante. Is there any prospect of trying to pull this back from the prospect back from the brink and try and get the Brotherhood involved in some form of negotiations?Well, the problem is there is no point where they meet. They simply say the Brotherhood says, and those that support them, it's not all Brotherhood, say look, we went through this election, we won the election and now we've had the presidency stolen from us and really all we can get, all we can ask for, all we demand is that that be reversed and that Morsi be restored as the President. They're still refusing to negotiate with this interim government. I would be extremely surprised if they reversed that position. They're sticking very much to that. They have been consistent about that from day one. On the other side they say well we want you involved, we want you as part of this Government but at the same time they're wielding the big stick. Clearly the killings over the weekend won't have helped that relationship. So really what we have is a very dangerous stalemate what's gone on here in the past
I fear that what's gone on be
I fear that there is going to be another possible massacre coming up be another coming up because if the troops do move into that area they will be resistant. These people are extremely determined to hold their ground no matter what.And to your point exactly, if there are widespread civilian arrests that from what you're saying that's only going to firm their resolve?Yes, so really there's no light here at all. And people you talk to here, whether they are on one side or the other, do concede that without some sort of compromise, without some sort of circuit breaker or some sense of a wider cause, they're all Egyptian, of course, they have very different political views but to have people killed in the process is so extreme of course many people, most people reject that outright. But how do you break this cycle of violence? At the moment it's just not clear.Phil Williams, thanks for that update.OK, let's look at the front pages of the Monday morning newspapers now. And the 'Financial Review' details a call from Reserve Bank board member John Edwards, he's warning the Government against deep spending cuts and large tax rises because of the economy's ongoing fragility.The 'Australian' reports the $190 billion wind fall from the eare sources boom has been squandered through un and
sustainable government spending and tax cuts.The 'Sydney Morning Herald' has a report from the Grattan Institute suggesting that a recession is far from inevitable when the resource boom fades.The image of a policy tragedy is the headline on the front page of the 'Daily Telegraph'. It shows the very emotive wooden box carrying the body of a 2-month-old. The paper says that image captures the human toll of failed border protection policies.The 'Courier Mail' also has that story. It carries the story as well about an incorrect application form which could cost a Queensland university hundreds of thousands of dollars.Online the 'Guardian' Australia reports on the tense stand off in Egypt.The 'Advertiser' says Holden is million
close to securing another $200 million in taxpayer money.How a tattoo turned a Bali holiday into a nightmare for a 9-year-old. As you're saying why is a 9-year-old having a tattoo? That story's in the 'West Australian'.Fears of a skills crisis in Tasmania loom with apprenticeship and trainee numbers falling.Lawyers acting for James Hird have accused the AFL of breaching confidentiality rules, that story in the 'Herald Sun'.The 'Canberra Times' covers ACT Brumbies path to the Super Rugby final this weekend.Former AFL player Liam Jurrah great to see him back playing in the Top End, that story in the 'Northern Territory News' which tells us about date arkts showing it's more expensive to live in the Northern Territory than Paris, London and New York.And 'The Age' covers the survey that's attack survivors
found a large number of heart attack survivors are continuing to smoke, eat badly and not do enough exercise. We'll be talking to the Heart Foundation about that in about 15 minutes time. We want to bring you back that very compelling photo that features on the front page of quite a few newspapers this morning. There you see it and just take a moment to think. We've had various argument over the weekend again about asylum seeker policies from both major parties. This right there is what's going on. This is the human face of the tragedy. That coffin contains a 10-month-old baby boy. It's been taken from Christmas Island to the
mainland for burial - 10-week -old, mainland for burial - -old, rather, sorry. -old, rather, Christmas Island administrator has been public about Christmas Island has been public about this.
He's has been public He's concerned under policy we can't name asylum He's concerned under policy can't name asylum seekers killed in drownings when the killed boats capsize and he believes killed in drownings when this should be ap - an image that should sear into the national consciousness as this very
very, very emotive and at times very ugly debate about asylum seekers continues.And that heart breaking - and to his point not knowing that child's name makes it so much harder for the people who deal with that's something
this on a daily basis and that's something the rest of us in the country don't always understand that that is something they face we're asking your views this morning as to whether you multitask, multiscreen, perhaps you're watching us on ABY news Breakfast.Many people say they are multitasking.But at the sam