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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. Going down - interest rates slashed to their lowest level since the global financial crisis. Royal rejoicing - Kate and Wills expecting a baby of the America's warning to Syria's President - don't use chemical weapons. There will be consequences and you will be held accountable. And - schoolie tragedy - a Brisbane teenager drowns in a Fiji swimming pool. ANNOUNCER: From SBS, this is World News Australia. his is World News Australia. Good evening. I'm Janice Petersen. And I'm Anton Enus. Also tonight - the return to the scene of one of Iraq's deadliest attacks, the impact of which lingers a quarter of a century on.For us in Halabja, every day is a day of the attack for us. We're wounded. There are scars on our bodies.Also - the Pope attracts a new kind of following, by signing up to Twitter. Well, it comes as no surprise, but it's still a welcome Christmas present for millions of mortgage holders - the Reserve Bank has cut official interest rates by 0.25%. At rate rfr, rates are now at their -- at 3%, rates are now at their lowest level since the global financial crisis. But behind the good news is bad - a worsening economic outlook. Heading up to 2:30 eastern time, Christmas shoppers in Central Sydney were feeling this. And they got their wish - the cash rate down 0.25% to 3%.Tooz's rate cut from the Reserve Bank is the early Christmas present that hardworking Aussies deserve.If fully passed on, it's a $31-a-month reprieve for a $200,000 mortgage. $46 on a $300,000 loan. And $70 for a bigger commitment. The Reserve Bank is punishing savers, who rely on term deposits. Cutting rates to emergency levels follows a slew of negative data on company profits, wages, retail trade, job ads and especially business spending plans. The Government just has no plan to deal with the deterioration in the mining boom. And the Reserve Bank is now having to do the heavy lifting.This rate cut is a consequence of prudent budget management and contained inflation. So, what difference between last month's steady rates and now? The bank alludes to the looming fiscal cliff threatening US recession. Locally, while capital spending has been bolstering growth, other sectors are weakening, while the mining peak ng, while the mining peak is now approaching. They have been expecting mining to peak. They have got a greater suggestion of that and they have got a suggestion that unemployment is ri suggestion that unemployment is rising a little bit further. Sydney firm FIP Brakes supplies the iron ore industry. It sees a mining boom already tapering.The expectation is that 840 iron ore wagons for 2013 and about 1,050 coal wagons for next year. That's down on last year and the year before, yes.The Australian dollar continues to defy the Reserve Bank's intentions, even rising after the announcement, and hitting exports - FIP is now re-tendering for a contract with the Cairo Metro. Our pricing now, because of the Australian dollar being higher, is gonna actually have to be lower than it was three years ago if we're gonna be competitive. Analysts say the high dollar, higher bank lending rates and tighter fiscal policy all mean more rate cuts may be needed to stimulate the economy. Rena Sarumpaet joins us now live from outside the Reserve Bank in Central Sydney. Rena, have the banks responded yet? What have they done? Well, of course, that's the big question, Janice. So far, we've got the Bank of Queensland that's passed on 0.20% of the 0.25%. So some withheld there. The Bankers' Association has been warning people not to expect the full pass on. As usual, the reason is higher funding costs for the banks. This time, a battle for retail deposits here. Now, bank rates are around 0.5% higher than when the cash rate was this low at the height of the global financial crisis. And of the 1.5% cut in the cash rate since November last year, banks have passed on about 1.1%. Analysts say there's no excuse, or less excuse this time, for banks not to pass on. Things are much less unsteady globally. But we'll just have to see. Yes, we'll wait and see for sure. Thanks. That's Rena Sarumpaet joining us Sarumpaet joining us from Sydney. Well, it's been the topic of much speculation, but now it's official - Prince William and his wife, Kate, are expecting their first baby. The news was made public after the Duchess of ic after the Duchess of Cambridge was admitted to hospital suffering from severe morning sickness. Prince William leaves the London hospital where his wife is being treated. Kate, 30, is thought to be about two months' pregnant. Palace officials say her condition requires hydration and nutrients. 70% of women who become pregnant will have morning sickness, but only few of them will go on to have hyperemesis gravidarum. That's where it's difficult to hold any food or drink down at all.She's expected to remain in hospital for several days. No sign of pregnancy last week, ign of pregnancy last week, though, when the Duchess of Cambridge played hockey in high heels. Although ckey in high heels. Although Prince William seemed pleased to receive a baby outfit just ive a baby outfit just days earlier. Britain's Prime Minister says he's delighted.I got a little note, came into a meeting I was having, and I found it quite difficult to keep knd I found it quite difficult to keep it to myself.The White House sending congratulations from President Barack Obama and the First Lady.I know they both feel that having a child is one of the most wonderful parts of their lives, so I'm sure that will be the same for the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.Here, the Prime Minister welcomed the news that she said would bring joy to many around the world.Clearly it's a time of joy. It can also be a time of challenge. And I'm sure many will be thinking of Kate and she deals with morning sickness.Opposition Leader Tony Abbott sending n Leader Tony Abbott sending his wishes via Twitter. Others also offering their support.Everybody likes the coming birth of a baby, a royal baby, of course. It personalises the Crown, which is such an important institution.The royal baby will be third in yal baby will be third in line to the throne, even if it's throne, even if it's a girl. That's because the British Government has agreed to change 300-year-old laws which give priority to boys. New Zealand has been coordinating the changes for Commonwealth realms and is the only one to include succession lawness domestic legislation.There's obviously no dramatic rush, but effectively we have conveyed to the British government he British government our New Zealand support. Our officials have been actively involved in the process, and we're working our way through it.Julia Gillard has agreed in principle to the changes, but formal approval is needed from all 16 Commonwealth countries where the Queen is head of state. There are reports tonight that NATO is set to approve the deployment of Patriot missiles to defend Turkey's border with fend Turkey's border with Syria. The news comes as the US President, Barack Obama, issues a stern warning to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The US has told Damascus there will be consequences if he turns chemical weapons on his own people. An amateur cameraman captures the latest professional hit on the flash point city of Homs. Cluster bombs raining down on one of the cradles of the revolution. While on the Turkish border, another films the aftermath of a government air strike on the rebel- held town of Ras al-Ain. As usual, the pictures are impossible to verify, but opposition groups claim another 86 people have lost their lives in the latest fighting. At least 12 of them here on the border. It's not known how many were killed in the bombing of this market in Aleppo, a city the US is watching very closely. Just 15km from the fighting lies one of the dozens of chemical weapons sites dotted across Syria. Having detected movement at one of the sites, the US has raised the possibility that the Assad regime is considering the use of gas in a limited artillery attack on advancing rebels.And today I want to make it absolutely clear to Assad and those under his command the world is watching. The use of chemical weapons is and would be totally unacceptable.For Russia, it's Turkey's request that NATO positions Patriot missiles on its border with Syria that is totally unacceptable. The Russian President, Vladimir Putin, telling his Turkish counterpart as much during a brief visit. But the deployment of the Patriots may not be necessary. The Secretary-General of the Arab League predicting that the Assad government is on the verge of collapse. As the fighting rages across the country, the international communihe international community is getting out. The UN indefinitely suspending all operations. The reported downing of another MiG jet appearing to confirm that the rebels now have both the hardware and the skills necessary to topple the regime. Australia has joined the international storm of protest directed against Israel over plans to build more settler homes. The Israeli Ambassador was summonsed this afternoon and told by Foreign Affairs officials that the action complicates the process of resuming peace negotiations with the Palestinians. Israel remains defiant. Palestinians say the settlements will divide a future state. An area of desert in the West Bank has become the latest barrier to peace. Israel's going to build homes here, and that's caused alarm around the world. The UK summoned the Israeli Ambassador to protest. So did France, Sweden and Australia. Russia and Germany adding their weight to an onslaught of diplomatic pressure.

The US was also critical of Israel's move.We urge Israeli leaders to reconsider these unilateral decisions and exercise restraint, as these actions are counterproductive.Located east of Jerusalem, in the West Bank, E1 is an area of about 12 square kilometres. Israel wants to build up to 3,000 units. Palestinians say that will increase the isolation of East Jerusalem from the rest of the West Bank and divide it into two separate areas - north and south. The homes will be taking up space for a future Palestinian state. This is a crime against Palestinians and this will not allow the peace to go forward. The expansion and construction now is being seen as punishment for last week's UN vote that upgraded the Palestinians' diplomatic status. You cannot allow the other side to slap in your face and to ignore it. If you want to put facts on the ground, we will do the same. Settlements in the territories are considered illegal under international law, which Israel disputes. Israel says the majority of settlements are built on lands that belong to the state.So the thought that the world might see it differently, that's something we have to make clear.A defiant Binyamin Netanyahu can expect another diplomatic rebuke when he visits Germany this week. And Britain and France have indicated they may take further action if the settlements may go ahead. And in Egypt, the country's top judges have overridden calls for a boycott over President Mohammed Mursi's referendum on a draft constitution. Egypt's Supreme Judicial Council will oversee the vote, despite opposition from many leading figures in the judiciary. President Mursi hopes the referendum will quell anger over a decree which granted him near autocratic powers. A man has fallen to his death in Brazil, climbing one of the country's most visited sites, Sugarloaf Mountain. The 32-year-old and his friend were scaling the nearly 400m rock in Rio when a climbing cable reportedly snapped, causing him to plunge from a height of about 60m. His friend escaped with minor injuries. If you were caught in the rush-hour traffic this evening, spare a thought for thousands of Russian motorists. Heavy snow means they have been stuck on a major highway north-west of Moscow for three days. The Russian government is organising aid for the drivers, but there are fears some may run out of power and heating in the subzero conditions. And disgraced former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn will be the subject of a civil court hearing in New York next week. There, his lawyers are expected to settle with the hotel maid whose sexual assault allegations triggered his downfall. The settlement could reportedly be worth almost $6 million, if the maid drops her civil suit. An Australian teenager has died in Fiji during end-of-school celebrations. Harrison Kadell's body was discovered in the early hours of in the early hours of this morning. The 17-year- old, from Brisbane, apparently drowned in a resort pool on Plantation Island. This is Plantation Island Resort, a typically idyllic-looking holiday destination in Fiji. It's popular with Australian school-leavers. Fiji Police say hundreds of schoolies are staying on the island and partying nightly. Among them, Harrison Kadell, who was staying at the resort with friends when he drowned overnight while swimming in a pool. Resort staff attempted resuscitation but were unable to revive him. The Foreign Affairs Department is providing consular assistance to the boy's family. His parents are flying to the island to bring their son's body home. Unleash Travel, the Australian company organising school-leaver trips to Plantation Island, described the teenager's death as a tragic accident. Flags were at half mast at Harrison's Brisbane school, where he was vice-captain. His death has shocked the school community.We're at a moment of grief, an immense loose as a community. As a community, we're numb. We're mmunity, we're numb. We're trying to work through it. We're helping our students at the moment. We're helping our staff. Last month, another Brisbane school-leaver, Isabelle Colman, fell to her death from a high-rise Gold Coast apartment tower. The schoolie deaths come as more young Australians are getting into trouble overseas.ting into trouble overseas. The Foreign Affairs Minister, Bob Carr, recently urged schoolies to be careful on end-of-year trips and consider their personal safety, alcohol consumption and the laws of the countries n and the laws of the countries they are visiting. Typhoon Bopha are visiting. Typhoon Bopha is bearing down on the southern Philippines. Scientists describing it as potentially the worst storm ever to hit the country's south. More than 40,000 people have been evacuated. Bopha made landfall on the east coast of Mindanao this morning, packing winds of up to 210km/h. Typhoon Bopha slammed into the southern Philippines early this morning. Roofs were blown off, trees uprooted, and electricity cut. Villages vulnerable to landslides have been flooded. Schools and businesses have been closed and transport cancelled. Entire coastal areas have been emptied. All this prompting a warning from the President.

But scientists say Bopha could be the worst typhoon to hit this part of the Philippines on record. About 20 typhoons hit the country every year, but rarely this region, leaving many remote communities in its path vulnerable and unprepared.

Authorities have been taking precautions from the typhoon, known locally as Pablo, since Sunday. Basketball courts and school buildings have been transformed into makeshift shelters. Coast guard personnel have prepped boats and emergency supplies.We have water, our response teams have been deployed since last night.The threat to Mindanao comes just weeks ahead of the first anniversary of Typhoon Sendong, also known as Washi, where more than 1,200 people died and people died and hundreds of thousands were left homeless.

Typhoon Bopha is expected to barrel across the southern and central provinces of the Philippines before blowing out into the South China Sea on Thursday.

You're watching World News Australia on SBS. Coming up next - the world-first Australian study that could prevent type one diabetes for children at high risk. Shortly - 25 years on, a return to the site of Iraq's infamous Halabja gas attack. And later - hashtag pontiff - Pope Benedict

The nation's political leaders have been warned reforms worth tens of billions of dollars are at risk if intergovernmental cooperation isn't improved. That warning comes ahead of this Friday's Council of Australian Governments meeting, involving the premiers, chief ministers and Prime Minister. They don't always reach agreement, and when they do, they don't always do what they promise they will do. Australians are losing faith, quite quickly, actually, in the ability of governments to work together. Paul McClintock oversees the Council of ees the Council of Australian Governments. He says leaders aren't making enough progress and proposed changes, such as national workplace safety laws and energy reform, are at risk.And unless governance arrangements for COAG are reinvigorated to encourage and nurture that collaboration, the agenda really will not succeed. Penny Wong rejects suggestions that COAG's gone backwards rned the Rudd and Gillard Governments.It's because key states have changed their mind.Paul McClintock is more diplomatic. He blames all governments for failing to show leadership.There has been a growing level of suspicion between the governments as to whether there is a real commitment to working together.Senator Wong doesn't mind naming states she believes are standing in the way of national reform.Victoria, on the occupational health and safety laws, is one very obvious example.The Prime Minister is hoping leaders will reach agreement on her proposals to reform the electricity market.We will be working through the Council of Australian Governments for change for things that matter for Australians.Paul McClintock says COAG has a disappointing record on energy reform. Some states would like the GST to states would like the GST to be on COAG's agenda. They complain they don't get enough revenue from the tax and the funding formula should be changed. The reform council says the GST is a crucial part of how the states and territories are funded.The role of the government in state taxation has to remain on the agenda.The Prime Minister is opposed to raising the rate or broadening the base of the GST. A group of Sri Lankan asylum seekers are challenging their deportation from Australia, alleging the Federal Government is ignoring pleas that they face persecution back home. The Government has agreed to delay the deportation of 56 men, deemed to be economic migrants, not refugees, until the High Court hears their case on Thursday. Refugee advocates argue asylum seekers are being sent back to Sri Lanka before their claims are fully heard and that some have been jailed on their return. Also in the High Court - the Finks motorcycle gang is challenging Queensland's anti-bikie laws, arguing they ws, arguing they could be misused. The Queensland Government is seeking to outlaw the Finks' Gold Coast chapter and an associated company. All other states, the Northern Territory and the Commonwealth are intervening in the kairks which has implications for similar laws else -- case, which has implications for similar laws elsewhere.The governments can simply at their whim, try and declare that organisations are criminal. This can be anything. It can be any organisation which they feel have come together to commit criminal offences.Bill Potts says existing laws are sufficient to deal with criminal conduct. Children at high risk of type one diabetes have new hope with the launch of a new medical trial using stem cells. Australian researchers hope that by injecting immune cells taken from umbilical cords, onset of the disease could be delayed or avoided entirely. 4-year-old Araminta's father and older brother, a's father and older brother, Brice, both have type one diabetes. That puts her in the high-risk category. Every day, Brice needs to stay hooked up to his insulin pump and take a number of finger-prick tests.Well, it's really hard. Just, you know, getting through all the things.His wish is that his little sister doesn't have to do the same.It will, you know, help my sister perhaps not get it, which would be really good for me.So, when Araminta was born, her parents took out an insurance policy and had her cord blood stored.Given the information that we read about the possibilities that cord blood might offer us, then we thought that it was certainly something well invested.That decision, it seems, has paid off. She's now eligible for a new study launched today at Sydney's Westmead Children's Hospital, that researchers say may prevent her from developing diabetes in the first place.A number of animal studies have actually shown that infusion of regulatory T cells from cord blood does prevent cord blood does prevent type one diabetes. So there's a very strong scientific basis for undertaking the study. Researchers say to reap the benefits of cord blood, parents have to first make the decision to have it stored. Researchers are hoping that successful resultness this trial will help increase awareness of storing cord blood. In Australia currently there's around 25,000 samples stored. Scientists say that's not enough. They would like to see that number increase dramatically next few years. It makes sense in a country with one of the highest rates of type one diabetes in the world.Australia has one of the lowest rates of cord blood collection in the world, really, in the developed world.But it's not a cheap process and not every family will be able to afford it.At the time we did it, it was about $3,000, did it, it was about $3,000, I think, and we jufd used the baby bonus.And it's not just diabetes. Scientists say cord blood infusion could be used to treat a wide range of autoimmune diseases.

It's nearly 25 years since Saddam Hussein unleashed a chemical weapons attack on the Kurdish town of Halabja in Iraq. Thousands of people were killed instantly, while many others still suffer serious medical conditions. Now authorities are campaigning for the attack to be recognised as gen siez. The BBC's John -- genocide. The BBC's John Simpson has returned to find parts of Halabja still have toxic gases. I wouldn't have recognised the place. Halabja is nowadays busy and expanding s nowadays busy and expanding fast. But however bustling it may be, no- one here forgets the gas attacks of March 1988. 45 minutes, Saddam Hussein's planes bombarded Halabja with some of the most toxic agents known to science. Nerve gases, and old-fashioned mustard gas. When I arrived, there were still dead people everywhere. I went around counting. There were about 5,000. The bodies which litter this town were those of people who ran out of their houses to try to escape the gas, and then were killed out in the open. killed out in the open. Since that moment, this person has been alone in the world. She was only a teenager then. She lost 17 relatives, including her mother, her two brothers, her sister.

She keeps their pictures with her all the time.

TRANSLATION: Everyone wants to live, but what kind of life? For us in Halabja every day, it's a day of the attack for us. We're wounded. There are scars on our bodies. The pain is still in our hearts deep down. No-one has ever cleaned out the cellar where her family was gassed, even 25 years later the stench of mustard gas is still strong. Strong enough to kill small creatures. It makes our eyes weep and our heads ache. No doubt about it, things that come down here, like the cat, the rats and so on, seem to die as a result. It may be a good idea not to spend too much time down here. Alright. What I'm doing is just putting it in here... A top British expert on chemical warfare is looking into the lingering danger from gas. He's found low levels of mustard gas in another cellar nearby.We ther cellar nearby.We have a problem around here, when they are building new buildings and g new buildings and they dig the foundations. They come across pockets of mustard gas, which evaporate. People s, which evaporate. People have died recently doing that.For now, 'The Town' victims still lie buried in a few mass graves. But the British team says it could identify each of the bodies through its DNA, so they could be reburied in the individual graves which the individual graves which now await them, each clearly named. The government wants to demonstrate finally that this was genocide. this was genocide.It was an attempt, in part or in whole, to eradicate a people, an ethnicity, or a group. That is the definition of genocide. That's what happened, not just in Halabja, but throughout Kurdish towns.My uncle, always start to cry.To this day, it's part of everyone's life here. Pupils and their teacher. It's not just history. Like Saddam Hussein, Syria has chemical weapons now, and it's not that far away. For people here, gas warfare seems a very real danger. Quite a moving report there for John Simpson. And many of the shells found at Halabja had Soviet markings. But Liverpool University researchers also found shells from over a hundred Western companies, including those from Germany, France, Britain and the US. Well, campaigning is in full fling in Japan ahead of general elections later this month. The poll comes more than a year after the tsunami triggered a nuclear meltdown at one of its power plants. Support for both the ruling Democratic Party and the opposition Liberal Democratic Party are now low, and smaller parties are emerging. But many of those affected by the disaster say they are being ignored by the politicians. This person has fished the rivers of -- fished the rivers of Fukushima since he was four years old. At 30, he's one of the best salmon fishers in Japan. It doesn't take long to get an appreciation of his skill. He's devoted his adult life to this little stretch of river, selecting the healthiest fish, hatching their egg, rewarded when those hatchilings return to spawn. A life's work with nature thrown into chaos by a man-made disaster. chaos by a man-made
disaster. TRANSLATION: We were allowed to fish to monitor the levels and the safety of the salmon. So far, none has been detected. It filled me with relief. I felt hope for the future start to return. The river is within the 20km Fukushima exclusion zone. Only since August has access been allowed, and only during the day. Life here ing the day. Life here has been stopped in time since the day of the disaster. Something he says politicians and voters need to remember during this campaign season. TRANSLATION: Each person around here is accumulating stress day by day. I know it's important to talk about future issues, but I wish they would think more about our situation today.You do feel a very physical sense of abandonment here, and this nment here, and this community is not alone. A recent survey found that work had begun on fewer than half of the reconstruction projects announced. Political promises made after the disaster feel a long time ago and this election feels a long way away. His boss, the head of the fission association, lost his home in the tsunami. He used the insurance money to set up a small noodle house outside the exclusion zone that, he on zone that, he runs at a loss, employing and feeding those down on their luck. He's decided to stand in the election for an anti-nuclear party. TRANSLATION: It is actually an issue that is affecting all of Japan and the whole world. But people seem to think the problem is regional, an issue that only matters inside this 20km area. Not that he accuses the government of doing nothing, his empty streets and gardens are being slowly decontaminated, part of a $295 billion recovery effort. But throughout the disaster zone, long-term decisions e, long-term decisions have been put off, funding applications stalled, the way ahead hard to make out. For this man, the rebuilding starts at home. He and his wife have made the decision to stay, try to manage the health risks to their son as best they k and hope that he too will one day be able to fish in his father's favourite river. Al Jazeera's Harry Fawcett reporting there from Fukushima. Polls in Japan are showing almost half of all voters are undecided, indicating that the next government will likely be a coalition. Well, as 2012 winds up, the attention of the media turns to the tricky business of forecasting what might happen in the year ahead. With the looming US fiscal cliff, more uncertainty in Europe, and speculation about Australia's future, there's no underestimating the importance of the next 12 months. Well, a little earlier I spoke to Daniel frink listen, expert on future trends -- Franklin, expert on future trends and executive editor from 'The Economist' magazine. He says pressure will be on the world's second-biggest economy to keep its growth on track.Well, I think China is going through a transition in its leadership and also trying to make sure that its growth doesn't slip too far back. Actually, I think China is going to come back a bit in the coming year. It has the capacity to put its foot down on the accelerator a little bit. And in the United States too, I think if they can negotiate the fiscal cliff successfully, which I think they probably will, there is an upside, because property prices are coming back, the Federal Reserve is being pretty accommodating for growth, and there's a lot of corporate cash around, waiting to be invested. There's a little bit more confidence coming through. So in the second half of the year I think it might look a lot better in America as well.Of course, Barack Obama has been re-elected. We have seen him very deliberately shifting his gaze to our region, the Asia- Pacific. Do you predict big things to happen here?Yes. I think this pive yacht that Barack Obama talked about in -- pivot that Barack Obama talked about his his -- in his first term is going to get bigger. There's going to be a lot more focus on Asia generally, and also a concern about those disputes in the South China Sea, for example, and the relationship with Japan. So I think America is going to want to be engaged in the Asia region. It's also the region where there is the most growth in the world. It's going to be the fastest-growing region yet again in the world. The second-fastest will be Africa, but Asia is really where the engine of the global economy is going to be. Well, where does Australia fit into all of this? How can we benefit from that huge growth that you have just mentioned?Well, Australia has already been benefiting hugely from China's boom. And, of course, the big concern for Australia is whether that boom continues to surge ahead or whether there's a bit of a problem with it, because there has been a slowing down of Chinese growth and that's a worry for Australia. But I think that the strength of China, which as I have said, which I think will pick up again now going into 2013, is a great thing for Australia and has made it one of the very rare rich countries in the world that has managed to escape the global financial crisis without any recession at all. That's a very privileged position to have been in. A bit of crystal-ball-gazing there. And for more of my interview with Daniel Franklin, w with Daniel Franklin, just head to our website, Anton. Thanks. Well, the man with more than a billion followers in the real world is quickly gaining more in the virtual one. The Pope now has his . The Pope now has his own Twitter account and plans to start tweeting next week. Pope Benedict XVI has given his followers lots of things to cheer about over cheer about over the years, but certainly nothing like this. His Holiness has an official Twitter page.I think they will appreciate it. Don't you? The leader of a church that dates back centuries is stepping into the world of social media, with the Twitter handle @Pontifex, which means bridge builder. The Vatican says some of the names they considered were already taken.If the Queen of England can be on James Bond, I think the Pope can be on Twitter.His Twitter account, just about 24 hours old, already has more s old, already has more than 300,000 followers.If it's good enough for the Holy Hunter, I would probably open an account.This raises questions - how often will the Pope tweet?As often as he wants.Will the Pope do the actual tweeting?The Vatican says no, but he will approve everything before it's posted.And more importantly, what will the Pope tweet about?Whatever the Pope wants to tweet about. But it is the Pope, of course. It is going to be a spiritual message which we're going to be getting.That means those questions which have nothing to do with spiritualty, and there were many - including "Hey, Mr Pope, would you rather be a potato or a sausage?" And this - "If they made a 'Ghostbusters 3', would it have your blessing?" They won't have a chance of getting answered. And this one...I could ask him about what he's k him about what he's doing with the youth and church.Are safe.When is the Catholic Church going to change policies in regards to gays. Probably won't get a response. It really is for the benefit of the church's more than one billion followers...Who want to hear the message who have open minds and open hearts.

open hearts.
Coming up next - Craig Foster with all the day's sports news, including the Socceroos getting the right result against Hong Kong. But the East Asian Cup qualifier was anything but easy. Also - the former pop star who captured Britain's top contemporary art award.

You guys grew up together?
Since third grade. What are you looking at?
I'm not... We're not good enough for you, huh?
You must be supermodels! What do you model? Gloves? Brad, eat a Snickers.
Why? 'Cause you get a little angry
when you're hungry. Better? Better.

Rupert Murdoch is to shut down his iPad-only digital newspaper, the 'Daily'. The publication was touted as a bold experiment and was unveiled in a high-profile launch in February last year. But it failed to gain a large enough audience, with only 100,000 subscribers. It needed 500,000 to break even. The 'Daily' was losing $30 million a year. The share market finished lower. Resource stocks were mostly down. Graincorp rose on takeover activity. Shopping centre owner Stockland fell on a profit warning. While Solomon Lew's Premier Investments declined. He said the lack of GST on overseas online purchases under $1,000 were seriously harming Australian businesses.

Time now for sport with Craig Foster. And not such great news for the understrength Socceroos in Hong Kong? That's right. Australia's kicked off its East Asian Cup qualifying campaign in unconvincing fashion, needing a late goal to overcome the hosts. Brett Emerton was the only scorer against the world's 172nd- ranked side. world's 172nd- ranked side. Whether it was the state of the Mong Kok pitch...When you play on a cow paddock, you get... I mean, you get those sort of games.Or being accused by the local press of disrespecting Hong Kong before the match...I said we respect every team we play. And, I don't know, maybe somebody misunderstood it. That is definitely not what I have said.It was more a relieved rather than happy Socceroos camp after squeezing past a side ranked 139 places below Australia. Osieck's predominantly A-League-based squad saw Matt Smith and Franjic make their international debut. An uneven surface making life difficult for the Socceroos. After accounting for Guam 2-1 in their opening qualifier, the hosts tried their luck from distance. Mark Milligan returning fire at the other end. His Melbourne Victory teammate, Archy Thompson, with the best opportunity of the first half. Scoreless at the break, Hong Kong's confidence continued to grow. Lo Kwan Yee forcing a save from Eugene Galekovic. The Socceroos captain escaping with a yellow card following his heated response to a foul. While onse to a foul. While Thompson continued to threaten. But it was Australia's skipper who saved his coach and his country from an embarrassing result. Sneel 4x100m's Terry Antonis -- Sydney 4x100m's Terry Ant -- Sydney FC's tery Antonis earning his place. And don't miss our Champions League action tomorrow morning, as two former winners clash, when Real Madrid meets Ajax. To rugby union, and the draw for the World Cup has thrown aup group of death thrown up a group of death, involving Australia.

The William Web Ellis Trophy will now be harder for Australia, England and Wales to get their hands on, after the draw. They are on a collision course in the group phase and one will be an early big- name casualty, with only the top two going through to the quarterfinals.Three years is a long way away. Things can change a lot. But obviously all of those traditionally, historically, strong nations have groups that are reasonably young and will be hoping to peak at that time. But there is an upside, if you can survive the group of death. Probably be in that group, if you're fit enough to get through, you're well prepared for the quarterfinal.The reason England fell into the second tier came after defeats to Australia and South Africa, leaving them out of the top four in the world. Group A took the headlines for the obvious reasons. It will do battle with the runner-up in Group B. For New Zealand, Argentina and Tonga awaits. While Group D appears to be a shoot-out between France and Ireland. England's stunned the rugby world by thrashing the All Blacks last weekend. But the fact New Zealand is playing Argentina twice a year in the expanded rugby championship is more a cause for concern.Yeah, they will get better. We gotta make sure we do. Throw Tonga, not... Poor games last time. They will have memories of that. And they can do it.The tournament gets under way in September 2015, with the final being held at Twickenham in late October. Still with rugby, and one man that may be part of that Wallabies squad in three years' time is Israel Folau. The former rugby league and AFL convert has joined the Waratahs on a one-year deal, with one eye on representing Australia.It would be a great opportunity to represent your country for the Wallabies and play against the likes of the All Blacks and that. That's something that was very appealing for me. And rugby union is a world game, so, again, you know, it just takes it to another level.The 23-year-old joins NSW, having turned his back on big-money deals in both AFL and rugby league. In cycling news - 3-time Tour de France winner Greg Le Mond says he would consider running for the presidency of world cycling. The American has been part of a campaign called Change Cycling Now, which is a lobby group calling for the head of Pat McQuaid, the current head of the UCI, cycling's governing body. Le Mond says he would consider being in charge on an interim basis should the opportunity arise when the presidency is up for grabs next year. And congratulation to Sam Stosur on winning her third successive John Newcombe Medal, awarded for the most outstanding elite Australian tennis player. Guys, that's the day in sport.Well deserved. Thanks, Craig. Coming up - the weather details. And video thrills for a former pop star. How Elizabeth Price captured Britain's

Residents are being urged to leave the coastal town of Bremer Bay in Western Australia, as firefighters try to s firefighters try to contain blazes just a few kilometres away,zes just a few kilometres away, which have already destroyed more than 11,000 hectares. Sweltering temperatures have also triggered more than 40 fires throughout Queensland. Mount Nebo and Mount Glorious are among the more serious blazes. Authorities are expecting conditions to worsen over the next two days.

over the next two days.
To the forecast now - mostly fine up the - mostly fine up the east coast thanks to a ridge of high pressure. A trough brings cloud to most of Western Australia, while a cold south-westerly flow will see showers linger over the south-eastern states. In the major centres:

Well, Britain's Turner Prize for modern art has produced some controversial winners over the years. Who could forget the shark in formaldehyde? And an artist's unmade bed? Well, this year it's gone to a video artist, a former pop musician, no less - Elizabeth Price, who's picked up a winner's cheque of just under $40,000. The contenders for this year's Turner Prize. Elizabeth Price with her film about a fatal fire in 1979. Paul Noble with his invented metropolis, Nowson New Town. Spartacus, the first performance artist to ever be shortlisted. And Luke, who presents a documentary about a psychologist, RD Lang. Over to Jude Law.The 2012 winner of the Turner Prize, who is Elizabeth Price!Prize, who is Elizabeth
Price! (CHEERING) How do you feel?A bit surprised, really. But I feel good, yeah. It's amazing.Life-changing?Well, it will certainly help.What, the money?The money and the support. The, you know, the kind of - I didn't... You know, I haven't had that many haven't had that many big shows, so I didn't expect to be nominated. It will make a big difference to my career. Rhythmic finger clicks and ritualistic hand claps run through the work. A film installation made through a mix of news footage, architectural diagrams and pop videos. The piece is called 'The Choir of 1979', a reference to a fire that killed 10 people and also to the idea which is a play on the word 'choir'. It's rather moving. It's about mortality, it's about the fragility of all of our lives. Art can't get more serious than that. This us than that. This is a work of art that justifies the Turner Prize.The video marks a change of tone in the Turner Prize. It is now a quieter, more thoughtful entity. That report from the BBC. Recapping our top stories now - the banks are under extreme pressure to deliver some Christmas cheer in the form of cheaper mortgages, after the Reserve Bank cut its cash rate by 0.25%. It's now at its lowest level since the global financial crisis. William and Kate have confirmed they are expecting their first baby - the news was made public when the Duchess of Cambridge was admitted to hospital suffering from severe morning sickness. And - Syria has denied claims that it's preparing to use chemical weapons against rebels in the country. One US official says the government has begun mixing chemicals that could be used to make sarin gas. That's the world this Tuesday. Our next bulletin at the slightly later time of 10:37 on SBS One. More at SBS only. And for the latest news headlines, follow us on Twitter. Goodnight.Goodnight. Supertext captions by Red Bee Media -





You are eligible

to be a member of the Sons
of the American Revolution.

My grandmother was in touch
with her white relatives.

Of course,
this was whispered about.

Rice: It says 51% African,

40% European.

I'm stunned.

I'm Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Welcome to
"Finding Your Roots",

a journey into
the ancestral pasts

of some of America's
most fascinating figures.

In this program,

our guests include
the actor Samuel L. Jackson, former Secretary of State
Condoleeza Rice,

and the president
of Brown University,

Ruth Simmons.

Simmons: There is
a certain longing

to know where
you came from

because I've lived
all my life without it.

Gates: Ruth, Condoleeza,
and Sam's

quests for their lost roots
are remarkably similar.

In America, we have trouble
talking about

what really happened
during slavery.

Gates: All three have
long heard rumours

that at least one white man,
a slave owner,

fathered one of their
enslaved ancestors.

When I look at
my skin tones,

I know that there are white people
in my family somewhere.

The story in the family was that

my grandmother was in touch with
her white relatives in Grapeland.

Of course, this was
whispered about.

Gates: But they never had any way
to establish the truth

about these suspicions
until now.

You are looking at your
third great grandfather.

Wow. Get out of here.

Ruth, meet your cousin.

I don't see
the resemblance,

but it must be there.

Gates: We pored through
records from the slave era.

Julia, four years old,

My great-grandmother
was worth $450.

Gates: And when
the paper trail ran out,

we turned to DNA analysis
to look for genetic links

that might connect these
rumoured white ancestors