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Today Tonight -

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Tonight - big trouble
in little Sudan. The divisions, the tensions,
the brawls. Now the report explaining why
they're not happy in Australia. Also, the power house - a family cuts it's bills by 40%. How they did it. How you can too.

showing families how they can
eat for a week for just $50.

Good evening.
Welcome to Today Tonight. I'm Kylie Gilles. After two wild brawls involving dozens of armed
Sudanese men over the weekend - one in Sydney,
the other in Brisbane - questions are being raised about how well the 20,000 Sudanese
immigrants living in Australia are adpating to life here. David Richardson looks at a study showing the majority are unhappy and
many would like to go back to Sudan.

Tensions flare and violence erupts
on our streets. Up to 30 Sudanese men
going head-to-head. A chisel, spanner
and soccer corner post used as weapons
in this violent free-for-all. They were all running around
with weapons. It was just crazy. As far as we know,
one of two of them got stabbed. This wild brawl broke out
near a soccer tournament organised by the
South Sudanese Football Association in Sydney's outer west. These disturbing pictures
captured on a mobile phone as the fight spilled out
onto the street. It was not the only violent incident
this weekend involving members of Australian's
fastest-growing migrant group, the South Sudanese. It was like World War III here,
it was that bad. I was actually crying when I seen
all of this starting to happen. It just wasn't on. It wasn't on and there was no need
for any of it. One 17-year-old boy killed, a birthday party advertised on
Facebook turned into a gang rumble. Two different cultures
that were fighting tonight and I guess we lost one of ours. left looking like a war zone
when two groups, the Bloods and Crips, collided. just trying to smash everyone. Even girls were getting
into fights with males. Frances and her family
fled to Australia from South Sudan to escape
the violence of civil war. They're horrified
the violence has followed them. What happened last night
was like a war. They were just fighting,
shooting guns, using tools and all those things. It's shocked
Australia's Sudanese community, the so-called Lost Boys, the child soldiers of war
who fled here for peace. The feeling was great. I felt good to start a new life
in Australia with my family. Isaac Kisimba is a typical
African civil war refugee. He fled the Congo when war threatened
to tear his country apart, wanting a better life
for himself and his family. But there were barriers. Looking like being from
the African background, there are also some other barriers Australia is home to about
20,000 South Sudanese, survivors of a combat culture. Despite the horrors,
many have not settled well, and since South Sudan
gained independence last year, many now want to return. Like for me,
I'm going back home tomorrow to visit my husband, my family, because I try to bring them over
and it's so hard for me. In a report by think tank
Australian Policy Online called 'The last mile' records the discontent
of Australia's South Sudanese. 78 South Sudanese were interviewed
face-to-face. 79% have now become
Australian citizens. Most are grateful
but many feel disconnected, blaming racism and a perceived bias by The last mile also found 89% of Australia's South Sudanese now want to return
to their homeland, wanting to help rebuild
the fledging nation. Australia is doing well
in providing services to the migrant but they need to do more because there are more gaps
that need to be filled. In Australian
Sudanese communities today, anger at the violence
their own countryman have displayed but also a call for the frustrated
to have patience, The first time we came here, if you have qualifications they say you have to have
work experience to get a job but I don't know where you're gonna
get work experience. And a call for peace. We just wanna urge the community
that we are one and every problem has a solution and we will find the solution
to this problem and that is peace, unity and love. She lost a leg below the knee
in a workplace accident 27 years ago and hasn't worked since. So why would authorities
chase Rita Mercuri over more than $100,000
she received in benefits? Tineka Everaardt reports on a woman who thought
she could rort the system and has been badly caught out.

What motivated you?
Was it greed or was it laziness? Are you for real?
Please leave me alone. This woman is a self-confessed
rorter of the welfare system. You got away with this fraud
for two entire years. That's taxpayer money. Rita Mercuri claimed to be
wheelchair bound, needing round-the-clock care,
unable to return to work. As a result,
taxpayers handed her $112,000. There is plain-out fraud. The 44-year-old did have her leg
amputated below the knee after a workplace accident
almost 30 years ago. She hasn't worked a day since yet she has only been pursued for fraud committed
between 2008 and 2010 when WorkCover Victoria
paid her almost $60,000 in direct compensation. But that was just the start. She also recruited six carers who allegedly submitted
false timesheets and received payment
for hours they didn't work, splitting the proceeds with Mercuri. She made an extra $52,000
with that little scam. Of course, something like this
is bound to raise suspicion. Here she is fit for action in the
2006 Commonwealth Games baton relay with the help of a prosthetic leg. Prosecutors also had video of her
moving freely with her prosthetis. But today she arrived at court
in a wheelchair instead. Two years is a long time
to keep up that kind of an act. Can you tell us what happened? I tell you what, come and see me next week,
then I'll give you the true story. This from a woman
who's created a web of lies to hoodwink doctors
and WorkCover officials about the extent of her injuries. WorkSafe's deputy chief executive
Ian Forsyth. It seems to be
a pretty extreme case. The person involved
has pleaded guilty, but that should serve as a pretty
strong warning to anyone out there They're thieves, they're crooks. Channel Seven commentator
Derryn Hinch says it makes his blood boil. There are genuine people out there
who have been hurt at work - broken a leg or done something, done their back in and can't work
for 5 months, 10 months - and should be getting paid. And employers pay a heap
in WorkCover premiums, and it's being ripped off
by the millions by frauds. Over the last two years
in Queensland, 21 people have been prosecuted
for defrauding the system. In New South Wales, there's been 88. And in Victoria, it's 100. During that time, the courts ordered
almost $7 million to be repaid. The warning to those
trying to make an easy buck is this. We investigate, we inspect,
we'll prosecute if it's warranted, and we will go all the way
through to court proceedings. Rita Mercuri will know
what her deception will cost her on Friday week,
when she is sentenced. Power prices are in the headlines
again as the Federal and State governments
try to thrash out a plan to bring some relief to households. But to prove the savings
really can start at home, we have recruited a family to test a range
of super efficient appliances. As Jackie Quist reports, the start-up costs might be quite
high but the savings are incredible.

Everyone knows electricity
is a very expensive product. Information really is power. Never before has the subject
of electricity been so hot. Prices soaring to historical highs, householders like
Roger and Jeanette Dargaville shocked at the rapid rise. The professional couple
arriving home four years ago after a 9-year stint abroad. Our first bill, when we got back,
was about $400 and it's just been going up
ever since and our last bill got here $1,200,
so, yeah, quite staggering. The Dargavilles live
a thoroughly modern city life in a 3-bedroom, 2-bathroom,
2-storey warehouse-style apartment with daughters Ruby, aged 6,
Audrey, 17 months, and Alice, their au pair. With no gas or solar available, electric cooking appliances
and hot water are expensive. Plus, their home is now overshadowed
on the north side. So, we have to have the lighting on
all the time, and heating. So, we're pretty keen to find out
what we can do to reduce our energy use. So began the power house experiment. So, it's Sunday evening. We're just going to check
how the energy use is going so far. Roger monitored the family's
energy consumption over four days. Origin's Dean Van Gerrevink
explaining. Origin, as your retailer,
gets the data from your smart meter. You can see your usage hour by hour
during the day, you can see overnight
the stand-by power that's running. Why do you think
your bill is so high? Well, my gut feeling is
it's the hot water. Then we engaged energy auditor
Petar Basanovic to suggest some changes. The halogen globes
run about 50 watts each. So, goodbye
to 28 energy gobbling halogens. We've changed them to LED globes run around nine watts. Next, a turn of a screw
on the hot water service. So, it's on 75 degrees
at the moment. But if we turn it down to 60,
it will save you a few bucks. Add in two future switches. Just plugs in
where you have a stand-by appliance Just plugs in
where you have a stand-by appliance. And if ever there was an excuse
to buy a big TV, this is it - LG's award-winning
47", 7-star, 3-D smart TV. Running this baby for 10 hours
every day will only cost Roger and Jeanette
$69 a year.

We're enjoying the new downlights.
They're working very well. New TV's fantastic. A lot of the prices from electricity come through the cost
of the poles and wires and that's up to governments
to try to make the rules fairer. Victoria's Energy Minister,
Michael O'Brien, welcoming the introduction of voluntary flexible pricing
for Victorian consumers mid next year.

If you move to flexible pricing, you pay a little bit more
for electricity during peak times for those 30 hours a week, but for all other times, you're likely to pay
considerably less. It's not available in Queensland, but has apparently worked
in New South Wales with supplier Energy Australia
reporting using time of use tariffs. I think we should explore
the time-of-use option.

Cheapest peak power
will be from 10pm to 7am. So-called shoulder period
from 7am to 3pm and 9pm till 10pm. Peak period
and the most expensive time will be from 3pm to 9pm when electricity
is in highest demand. A breather on the weekend
with no peak rate. Only an overnight off-peak
and daytime shoulder rate. OK, so, let's finish up
writing this energy diary. The results of our energy test,
and even Roger was astonished. Roger's records showing in the first week. Post changes and, week two, the family used
just 65 kilowatt hours costing $16.76.

We saw 40% decrease in energy
in electrical energy use which I was, I was really impressed. Average savings per day, $2.55 - which means an approximate
annual saving of $931. Very impressed. I didn't think
it would be that much. As for quality of life... Of course, the new TV does retail
for $1,699 and we did spend $1,280
on the light globes, stand-by devices and labour. Within a year or two,
it's paid for itself. Too expensive? Don't despair. Eligible households can benefit
from government schemes including
the Home Power Savings Program in New South Wales and Victoria's
Energy Efficiency Target scheme. The Queensland Government axing its
popular Climate Smart Home Service. The new LED bulbs,
they are only nine watts, but they also last 50,000 hours which is about 10 times longer
than the old halogens. Our top tips for saving energy
and your hip pocket - firstly, shop around. Switching providers
saves an average 12%. Switching off appliances at the wall can save up to $15 a year
per appliance. Decreasing thermostats on heaters
saves 15%. Buy energy-saving lights
and energy-efficient appliances. The more stars, the better. So, smaller power bill
and a bigger... Win, win, win.

Power prices will dominate
Friday's meeting or apps as they are known. It's a business that turned over
$22 billion last year, and David Eccleston meets
an 18-year-old who knows the secrets to cashing in.

If you get it right, there's really big money to be made
in apps. You could be making the next
Angry Birds with app-making guide.

As apps go, Angry Birds is making its creators
very happy - $100 million so far,
$1 million every single month - and there's no end in sight. Anyone can get into the app world. They don't need to have
any experience at all. Brandon Cowan, boy genius,
is founder of Crazy Dog Apps. At 18, he has 3 apps
in the top 100 downloads including one to help find your car
in the car park. There's PetRescue, showing what pets
are up for adoption in your suburb and the trolley scanner to show what items
are Australian-made. I've made an app
on how to make an app. is really for anyone. It'll take you from idea to app
store and everything in between. He's just left school
and still lives at home but the app world is his oyster. When people have app ideas, I've noticed that they just don't
know what to do with their idea. They've got a really great idea, but they don't know how
to turn it into a reality. If they call up
an app development company, they'll be quoted thousands
and thousands of dollars to make an app. Not every app And that's it, it's such
a roll of the dice right now. Seamus Byrne, from cnet.com.au,
warns about investing big as half of all apps
are never downloaded. He says the key to success is to create something simple
that answers a question. If you can solve a problem
that nobody else has solved yet, then, absolutely, you've got a great My goal is not to make money. My goal is to turn
as many ideas into reality as I can.

A young man who is really making
technology work for him and teaching others how
to do the same. We'll take a quick break. Then - could you feed your family
for a week for just $50? For $50, what we've got here
is immense. The menu plan
to help you eat better and save. That's next.

(STIRRING MUSIC)

(MODEM NOISES)

The more we use the internet, the more our current copper network
is struggling to keep up. After all, it was originally
designed for phones. Not today's internet. (EXCITING MUSIC) The National Broadband Network
is a network that can deliver our needs now
and into the future.

With technology such as optic fibre
directly to the home, the NBN will give us access to high-speed, reliable broadband and the possibilities of tomorrow.

The National Broadband Network - connecting us to a better future. The rollout is already underway. To find out more, go to australia.gov.au/nbn

Welcome back. Could you feed your family for $50? And, no,
we're not talking about one meal. We're talking for a whole week. A nutritionist
and her big-eating husband unveil a cut-price menu planner that will keep every member
of the family happy and healthier. Rebecca Berg has more.

There's a lot of meat on that.
A lot of meat. 99 cents a kilo? 99 cents a kilo. We'll take it.

Can you do us a deal
if we buy 8 kilos of this? I can definitely give you a deal
on those. It's hard to believe
but just $50 bought all this. There is a misconception out that
it costs a lot to eat healthily, but we're proving today
that with this variety, that you can eat healthily
on a budget. Sally and Derek Boyer
know all about good food. She's a nutritionist,
he's a former TV Gladiator.

They've joined forces
to write an eBook. 'How to Feed a Family of Four
on $50 a week' was born out of concern for a client
who had just that dilemma. So, when I asked her
what she was spending her money on, she was spending it
on frozen meat pies and 2-minute noodles, so I was really concerned but understood that there
are many families out there in the same situation so I made a promise to her
to come up with a solution. The solution shortly but, first, there's no point
buying all this food - even if it is only $50 worth - if no-one will eat it. They've recruited good mate and chef
John Mundell to turn this bland batch
of ingredients into a week's worth
of mouth-watering meals. For $50,
what we've got here is immense.

First up, shepherd's pie. John, what do you think
that would've cost you to make? Probably about $2. You're kidding?!
No! $2?
Yep! Oh, that's amazing! Yep! Beautiful mince,
some onions, carrot, garlic, fresh herbs from the garden. Using those 99-cents-a-kilo
turkey drumsticks, meals don't come much heartier
that this. Just drizzle over the top. Cost per serve for this one? You wouldn't believe it -
50 to 60 cents a serve. Derek says
the book contains 20 principles that revolve around shopping smarter to extend the value
of every dollar you spend. You know, some of the principles involve getting together
in small groups and hunting as a tribe so that you can make bulk purchases in which you can really reduce the
cost of each product that you buy. Their other top tips include:

Fruiterers are basically
throwing all their foods away. We're making incredible buys
right then and there. What are you doing them for? I can do those for probably
2 of them for $2 - make them $1 each. Yep. That sounds good. Eggs were bought 4 dozen at a time,
$2 a carton. We've still got mince on special,
$4.99 a kilo. And that's lean, lean mince -
fresh. Premium-grade mince. Sally says her food budget and recipes can be
adapted to a family of any size. If you have more cash to spend, use the staples as your base
and build from there. But she stresses you'll need to step away
from the supermarkets to source the real bargains. And, in the end, it's not just money
you'll be saving, according to Sally. Using our plan, your nutrition your quality of life
will go through the roof. All the information
on how to feed your family for less can be found on our website. And you can join the conversation
on our Facebook page or on Twitter. We'll be back after the break
with more Today Tonight.

MAN: When you come to Taronga
Western Plains Zoo in Dubbo, you're coming for
magnificent wildlife in wild open plains. And with conservation at the heart
of everything we do, you're coming for rare
and endangered animals. Plus, you can explore the zoo
on our bikes and carts and even stay overnight. For a limited time,
when you buy your tickets online, you'll save 20%
on your next wild adventure. Visit taronga.org.au. Taronga - for the wild.

(MODEM BUZZES) WOMAN: Australian businesses are using the internet
in more and more ways, like data transfer and online sales. The problem is our current copper
network's struggling to keep up.

The National Broadband Network
will give businesses in Australia access to high-speed,
reliable broadband. Built for our needs today
and tomorrow, the NBN will make us
globally more competitive and give us an opportunity
to grow our future prosperity.

It'll help us take Australia
to the world. The National Broadband Network - connecting us to a better future. To find out more,
go to australia.gov.au/nbn.

Tomorrow night,
is beauty a blessing or a curse? The women who claim their good looks
have held them back.

I am 69 and still single. By find people get briskly with me, women. Girls are nasty to me without even knowing Me.No-one looks past the intimidating facades and look at who we really are. I will probably be single for the rest of my life.

That story tomorrow. Thanks for your company.
I'm Kylie Gilles. Enjoy your evening.
See you tomorrow. Supertext captions
by Red Bee Media - www.redbeemedia.com.au