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Hello and welcome to Living Black, coming to you from Thursday Island in the Torres Strait. I'm Karla Grant. In today's program - trouble in paradise. A political controversy on Murray Island. Nothing should nd. Nothing should ever stop a person who lives outside to come back and come back to the ancestral land. On the edge of living memory, old photographs from Arnhem Land reveal a way of life almost forgotten.It is impossible to describe what an extraordinary court will treasure that this is. And we explore the Aboriginal love for rodeo.

Earlier this year Murray Island became embroiled in a political controversy. Allan Clarke investigates. A lush volcanic paradise on the eastern extremity of Torres Strait. Murray Island, or as it's traditionally known, Mer Island. At first glance for some it may appear to simply be an isolated outpost of Australia. But what stands out the most to those who visit Mer is how rich the culture and custom is here. So much so that this island formed the cornerstone of it's most celebrated son Eddie Mabo's historic native title victory. Today that tenacity and spirit of independence remains strong.Murray Island, compare it to the world, not to mention the rest of Australia, you can not see it. It is so small, not even a speck of dust, but the Tug Moki Moki shook the world and we feel lucky that we based upon this structure.But earlier this year Ron Day found himself caught up in a different politcial dispute, one which divided the island community. In April, Murray Islanders elected Aven Noah ahead of Ron to the Torres Strait Regional Council. A month later, however, a court stripped Aven of this electoral victory.The thing about that election was that I challenged in a sense for my residency, residency that according to a specific act that I had to stay two years. That really questioned me as an indidivual because having been born and raised here on Murray, no matter where you live as a Murray Islander, whther you live in Sydney or Timbuktu, you are still affiliated with the customs of this community. No act nothing should ever stop a Meriam person that lives outside to come back to the ancestral land.He's talking about the Queensland Local Government Act, which states that anyone running for the Torres Strait Regional Council must live on their island for a period of more than two years. No other part of Queensland is subject to the criteria. Aven says that the act discriminates and has contributed to the distrust of the government amongst those who voted for him.They said that I was going to be the one to come back and lead the community and they were disappointed and disappointed in the system as such and the question they started to ask

Can

System

Come

This

The

Residency

Supporters.

Ron Day is a respected elder here on Murray, active in local goevrnment and community affairs for years.Ron ran as an opponent to Aven in the elections. After results were announced he launched the court challenge against Aven, disputing his eligibility under the residency requirement.

residency requirement.Legislation was breached. Justice must be served.He says the criteria that helps insure anyone representing the island is fully aware of ongoing community issues.Any person who ues.Any person who belongs to this community, regardless of where he lives, his heart is still here. His heart is still on the island. We leave the island with tears, we come back with tears. The legislation must be fulfilled. We have to know the current issues. The fall-out from the clause has long divided communities drought the Torres Strait. Traditional man Phillemon Mosby was stripped of his election win on Poruma Island five years ago. And he says the legislation damaged more than just his political ambitions. I had a very awful experience. It had not nce. It had not only a tall myself but my family as well.At only 2.5 kilometres long, opportunities for education and training are virtually non-existent. He says the act penalises Islanders wanting to gain skills on the mainland.I felt like I was an outsider. That I was not from That I was not from this place. That I had no right to stand. I felt lost. It took away my sense of belonging, it took away my sense of pride. It took away my home from me. I felt like a foreigner in my own country, my own backyard. After the setbacks, he is now in his second term as a councillor. But high a councillor. But high tide may soon be upon this to visit political issue. The Queensland parliament will soon vote on ll soon vote on a deal which could see the residency clause removed from the Local Government Act. Too late for Aven Noah, but all is not lost.

Aven Noah, but all is not lost.
He has been elected to a body which does not have the same residency requirements. He was elected deputy chair of lected deputy chair of the body. No escape from the waves of change which continue to lap across the political sands of Australia's Northern paradise. And if you'd like to comment on that story just go to our Facebook page. To some sad news now and the passing of Aboriginal rights advocate Isabel Coe. The Wiradjuri elder helped establish the Redfern Aboriginal Children's Service and was a committed campaigner for the Aboriginal Tent Embassy on Canberra. Isabel Coe was 61. Still to come on Living Black - old photographs bring the past back to life in Arnhem Land.

You're tuned into Living Black coming to you from Thursday Island in the Torres Strait. Advocates for victims of sexual abuse fighting for change have long called for more support. But now a new project in NSW could provide some much needed relief. Larteasha Griffen has more. Maree, not her real name, is a counsellor, friend and advocate for victims of sexual abuse. A woman whom many in her community rely on for strength in their darkest time of need. But she's not a trained professional and she's not a sexual health worker. She's just your average woman making a difference. I've just come across a lot of people in my work and in my personal life with a lot of my own relations who have shared stories with me. People that we trusted did these things to them but I say to them that they don't have to ruin their lives with drugs and alcohol, that there is help out there and if they're ever ready to get help, they can come and see me any time and talk to me. I don't care what time of the day or night it is, they can come to me and talk to me and I can get help for them.Her story is not uncommon in regional and remote Aboriginal communities where strong women are the pillars of strength for victims of sexual assault. Hearing countless stories of abuse each week, they often bear the burden of finding help for the victims.And you think to yourself, how you would feel if it happened to you, especially with people who are close to you that tell you. It kills you, it does. But you let them know that you're always there for them, even though they go off the track, you're still there for them.But the 'Hey Sis, We've got your Back' project is reaching out to women like Maree. Today this group has gathered to share stories and workshop how they can help these women deal with sexual assault. The project was set up by the NSW Rape Crisis Centre with Mudgin Gal women's centre to form a strong network after finding many women were subject to abuse in their community for simply helping victims.It's about bringing them women together and finding the common theme of how they work and where they work and just building a really strong network for Aboriginal women.But they are not just targeting women. They also read out to men in sports to tackle these issues.Unless we start speaking to men and talking to men about these issues, these violent crimes, we are not going to get anywhere. No sexual health workers can suffer from trauma. workers can suffer from trauma. -- most. It occurs after time after hearing distressing stories of abuse, day after day. It is this trauma that the new project aims to tackle.It is the number one work and health safety issue in our industry. The reason why people are impacted, is because they are caring people. And so a caring person listens to a story that listens to a story that is horrific, and sexual assault is always horrific, and so that has an impact on them. Within the workplace or organisations, we need to have systems in place which helped to manage those impacts. So they do not become psychological in this -- injuries. A project like this can not only make a big difference to her life, but also the victims.I just want to encourage people who are victims, to talk ho are victims, to talk to someone who they can really trust, and go and get help. Because there is help out there. It has happened to a lot of people in this world, so do not be alarmed, because you are not alone and do not blame yourself, because it is not your fault. If you have experienced all been impacted by sexual assault, you can contact the National sexual, domestic and family violence hotline.

If you would like to see that story again, go see that story again, go to our website. Never before seen photographs that are more than 80 years old have been published in a new book. But the pictures of a more than just a no started look back into the past. Giving old memories new life. A new book reaching back almost 90 years, to uncover a passed on the edge of living memory. It features nearly 400 historic photographs of the Yolngu people from North East Arnhem Land.It is a market something, something precious.He is the man behind this project. After finding the images in the University of Sydney archives, he began a archives, he began a 6-year journey of discovery, exploring the history of his own people, he ry of his own people, he painstakingly researched each photo to accurately identify the places and people.They are for people and their grandfathers. It was so remarkable. These people coming back to the community.Most of these pictures were taken by an American anthropologist. They span from the 1920s, until 1948, they focus on life in and around to be area. A lot of these photos have never been seen in public.Imagine that all of a sudden, the entire history of your community is handed to you, in a book like this. Photograph after a photograph with everybody named. How wonderful is that. You cannot possibly describe how it is. What an extraordinary treasure this is.She believes this approach a gives communities access to a part of their own history, a history that own history, a history that some may not even be aware existed. y not even be aware existed. She hopes that this book will serve as an example for future projects, inspiring other communities to research their own photographic pastsearch their own photographic past.It is a real model for other Aboriginal groups around Australia, who I yet to find the archives, yet to be a formed -- yet to be informed that there are archives that exist. To have photographs of their family, to know what their family was doing. The Sydney University archives holds thousands of historical photos. But it is hoped that improving access to this material can help communities are better align themselves for the life in the modern age.The discipline that was used in the olden times, they have to be introduced to the discipline of ed to the discipline of today's world. We have to capture that moment to today's world, and tried to implement those ideas of how to live, and have the structure of things around us, because of the new language and the new ways that governments are structured, and that people's ideas nowadays the stock these wadays the stock these photos of the past helping to reshape the future. What a wonderful archive of all the photographs. Still to come - the average your love affair with rodeo.

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Welcome back to Living Black coming to you from Thursday Island. Here in the Torres Strait music is part of life. Allan Clarke spent some time with two young singers keeping their culture alive through song.

The sound of an Island melody drifitng across an ancient and remote landscape.

As far as rehearsal spaces, this has got to be one of the best in the world. On the edges of Mer Island, commonly known as Murray Island, in the Torres Strait, local musician Joey Tapau sings a song inspired by ancestors who lived here. You're connected to the land as well and you're writing all these songs and singing all these songs that your forefathers have made.Aand they know you're the singer in the family and they say you should sing it like these, these days we contemporise our music. Born in the Straits and raised in Townsville, Joey moved back to Murray Island this year. His songs a vocal affirmation of identity and used as a way of reconnecting with his Islander heritage. Using an ancient chorus, traditionally sung as chant in Torres Strait Islander dance, Joey's inspiring others like his nephew to use music as a way of keeping customs alive.

Wake up everyday and I just sing, sing, sing and that's what I love doing, and I want to show the world what God has given me.Music and the Torres Strait Islands are inextricably linked. Here music is everything. Traditionally, songs held the key to traditional language, bible verses, and were ancient libraries, detailing sacred sights and ceremony. Today the legacy continues. Each house has at least one singer. One of the most famous, Christine Anu. Although she grew up in Cairns, her Torres Strait heritage has inspired her musicial journey. On Poruma Island, a tiny but breathtakingly beautiful tropical paradise, Freddie David has dreams of becoming just as successful.If I speak in our language, I speak Creole as well, it's not much but if I speak in my language I can feel there is a strength there. There is an inner strength there.Recently signed to a record deal, Freddie says that the local language is being eroded by Creole and that despite the potential for fame, Freddie remains determined to ensure younger generations join his musical culture crusade.There is a battle of getting things right in our community but you know when there is a will there is a way, and what we must do is never give up but keep the river flowing, get it non- stop.The sounds of pride, two different men with two very distinct styles, bound by love for their Island homes. Some beautiful scenery to match those wonderful voices. Well the Aboriginal love affair with rodeo began 150 years ago and these days it's a sport that's still very much alive and kicking. Larteasha Griffen reports.

As the sun sets in Dajarra, the locals here are ready for a night of action. The gate snaps open and it's showtime. This cowboy tries to hold on but it's not long enough. Bucking broncos and raging bulls, this is country rodeo at its core. Feel a bit excited about it but when I get to the shoot and that I get a bit nervous, mainly when I'm riding bulls, my adrenalin pumps. But once you're in there and once the shoot gets open, my mind just goes blank.Joshua Rosser and his brothers started bull and buck riding after they were introduced to the sport at a young age. Life here is all about family and tending to the cattle. As part of their training, taking care of these horses on camp is a challenge in itself. But as the competition becomes fierce it's all needed for preparation.Everyone's a competitor and they compete pretty fierce. The indigenous rodeo is now starting to be a big thing and we're geting a lot more indigenous people into it. The competition is getting fierce and the boys are getting better at their job, so it's something we're really looking forward to go ahead with.

Rodeo has been a long competitive sport amongst horsemen in Australia since the 1800s. Now it's one of the fastest growing sports around the globe.

It's also turned into a spectacular event, with lots of glitz and glam.

But compared to its US counterparts, the Dajarra Rodeo keeps it traditional and community focused. It's a big thing for the town each year and now it's starting to get better. They've added the camp draft to the event which makes it a 3-day event, instead of a 1-day event, draws a bit of money to the town and turns into a good competition.With many indigenous workers on cattle stations, it's led to numerous indigenous cowboys around the country. Entering contests like this could be a gamble for the brothers from Dajarra but it could also be rewarding.I got about four brothers. We all ride in different events and we go to places and one of us might lose and the other fellow might pick up a bit of money to come home and stuff. So it's good to have a couple of brothers riding with you.The future is bright for this young cowboy but for now he's happy on the station with the family.Go riding on our horses and that, keeps us happy and riding horses, just try and teach other fellows to come riding with us. Get them out of town and that keeps them happy.A true country life. That's all we have time for in today's program. Next week on Living Black - can weight loss surgery help prevent diabetes? That's next week on Living Black. If you'd like to see any of our stories from today or previous episodes again, just visit our website at sbs.com.au/livingblack. You can also follow us on Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. On behalf of the team here on Thursday Island, thanks for joining us. I'm Karla Grant. See you next time. Supertext captions by Red Bee Media - www.redbeemedia.com.au.

This program is captioned live.

Today on Cycling Central: Anna Meares and Victoria Pendelton. A unique rivalry between two track superstars who have pushed each other to the limits. The race for the Oceania Presidency is far approaching. Tracey Gaudry outlines her reasons for taking over the region's top job. The accolades keep on coming for Rachel Neylan. A world championship silver medallist with plenty to offer. Lots of bumps and bravado for Australia's big-gun mountain bikers. There's never a dull moment on Cycling Central.

Hello again from Cycling Central. Great to have you along on this Sunday afternoon. It's been a week when the courses for the 2013 Australian National Road Championships have been released. The Victorian city of Ballarat will continue to host the titles in January, but the course for the men's end women's road races has been altered although will still take in the tough circuit around Mount Buninyong. The changes have been designed to create a more open road race and not specifically later for the climbers. Although there's an argument the sprinters may still find the going tough. The blue ribbon men's race has been increased to almost 200km in length but the laps around the mountain has been reduced to 11. Let's see how some of the riders feel about the changes.It will be a fresh