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Living Black -

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(generated from captions) about the ultimate nature
of reality.

If one of our ancestors
spent too much time

thinking about what's
outside of space, you know,

she probably wouldn't have noticed
that there was a tiger
sneaking up from behind

and she would have been
cleaned out of the gene pool.

So it's very important
for us scientists

to not dis ideas
just because they feel weird.

Fortunately, our math
doesn't have any inhibitions

and we can still calculate
all these things,

even if they seem completely
counter-intuitive.

And it's only through the math

that we are able to actually
deal with all these ideas.

Counting has led you to an infinite
mathematical world of infinities...

..each infinitely larger
than the last.

And gazing out into
the furthest depths of space,

some see an infinite universe,

itself just one of infinitely many.

Infinity is a big topic.

I don't think it's gonna be
understood fully

in any finite period of time.

We have a hint of just how rich
that realm is,

but we haven't understood
the smallest fraction of it.

And this, of course,
is because, by its very nature,

the subject of infinity is
a vast and infinite subject.

(MONKEY CHATTERS)

Supertext Captions by
Red Bee Media Australia
Captions copyright SBS 2011

This program is captioned live. Welcome to Living Black. I'm Karla Grant. In today's program - we go to the APY lands to investigate whether or not the National Disability Scheme can address the needs of disabled Aboriginal people. There shouldn't have to be such a great sacrifice just to live in your home. The Night of Broken Glass or Kristallnacht - we look back 74 years to a night of Nazi terror generals Jews and honour the Aboriginal elder who stood up for the victims.There's a lot of places he couldn't get into to talk to Government.NSW first indigenous optometrist heals and inspires.

optometrist heals and inspires.
There is concern that the long awaited National Disability Scheme could struggle to address indigenous demand. South Australian MP Kelly Vincent from Dignity for Disability the nation's only disability political party visited the remote APY lands recently to see the challenges faced by disabled Aboriginal people in one of the toughest environments in the country. The corrugated roads crisscrossing the north-west were an introduction to the bush for a politician more accustomed to cruising the corridors of power. Over a week Kelly Vincent was determined to experience for herself the realities of life on the lands for those with disabilities. Kerbs and steps made access to shops and clinics impossible without assistance. Sometimes drains, the only way. It was tough going, even in her especially imported all- terrain wheelchair.We need a jack. Maintenance and spare parts are a big issue for locals. Rojer's electricity chair broke down and he struggles to manoeuvre a manual one. Acquired brain injury makes communication difficult. George has physical and mental injuries, the legacy of a car accident. Disabilities from birth, accidents or substance abuse are more common in indigenous communities than elsewhere.Roughly twice that of the, I guess, white Australian population. So it's at about 37% where white Australia is at about 20. Of course the figures are somewhat conservative because of the inability to get really accurate information.The scale of the need compounded by distance has Kelly Vincent concerned about the capacity of the NDIS to deliver. At the Family Friday she saw people get the basic, regular food. Marilyn Strawbridge says it's crucial to grasp local culture if service delivery is to work. Even removing names and logos from programs so people will accept them. Especially for the young men, because for them they are proud and don't want to be seen to be different.Will the NDI sifplt be that flexible? Locals don't know how it's supposed to work. And with the trial due to start in July, there's fear consultation will be too late to be effective.I'm worried for what will happen now. When the scheme is rolled out, if consultation isn't done quick smart and I just don't see how it can be done properly, especially culturally appropriately quick smart. It just infewerates me that again these people who need the funding most and need the rights movement and information sharing most, are the ones that have been most left behind. Again, I guess, unfortunately, in indigenous communities that's nothing new, is it.Another big problem is money management. Fresh food can prevent health problems that lead to disability. But prices are high and disabled people are often under pressure to give money to family members known as humbuging.

members known as humbuging.Do you ever say nothing to giving her money?Yes.Women hope a new Northern Territory style scheme may ease humbuging. Will getting extra increase pressure on disabled people to share with family? Will income management stop that?Even if the income is managed and they go to the store and get the food, that can be taken from them anyway or the cigarettes.It's not just the cost of living that's a problem. The cost of medical treatment is enormous. Clinics like this at pack say they are well staffed and funded to meet their idea manned. That's the emergency room, it's well equipped. cy room, it's well equipped. But the clinics for treatment, not ongoing disability support. The the nearby aged-care facility is also well equipped for existing elderly residents but doesn't have the resources to take on a new generation of disability clients. Many of the clients that are coming of age have lots of behaviour problems which wouldn't mix with the old people. So they'd have to think carefully about that. I think across the whole lands I think there would be a real need for it. At the moment they have to go to Alice Springs. Nganampa Health says the reliance on Alice Springs more than five hours drive away ex-saser Bates costs.If a disabled person needs to travel to Alice Springs we have to bring a troop carrier with a trailor attached. So somebody physically drives them and drives back. That alone is $3,000 cost. It's just that much more expensive for people with disabilities to live out here in any sort of scheme needs to take those type of challenges into account. The alternative - forced to leave country for an institution is too awful to contemplate. Even if it means going without the support Kelly Vincent thinks they are entitled to.They are able to stay out here on the land. There are things we could be doing to make them able to stay out here on the lands and in their homes and also make them r homes and also make them better. They shouldn't have to be such a great sacrifice just to live in your home. Sorry. Can we stop for a second?Kelly Vincent will use this experience to lobby the State government. As spokesperson Ian Hunter says it's premature until agreement is reached with the Commonwealth on details of the scheme which should happen in December. Still to come on Living Black - a night of coordinated attacks on Jews in 1938. We honour the Aboriginal elder

Well, the blind-spot
alert system - if there's a car in your blind
spot, the little light lights up. It makes me a feel
a bit more secure actually. I'd love it
if everyone drove a Mondeo.

You're watching live. Every year many people around the world make the anniversary of Kristallnacht or Night of Broken Glass. This was a coordinated attack across Nazi Germany against the Jews. While the most powerful nations stood by and watched. William Cooper raised his voice against the injustice. 74 years on Josh Ridgeway reports. Two worlds together celebrating one life. Here in the Jewish Holocaust centre in Melbourne, a survivor of Nazi tyranny meets with Uncle Boydie. Back in 1938, he was a unique voice who supported the plight of the Jews in Nazi Germany. Most of his life was fighting for better treatment, better recognition for the people. I think he was ignored by most Government people anyway for what he was trying to do.But the rise of add hilt hilt in the 1930s was something 507er felt he couldn't ignore. -- Adolf Hitler. For the Jews in Germany Nazi ruled an era of unprecedented persecution, forced deportations motivated a Jewish teenager to assassinate a diplomat in 1938. The response was brutal. They unleashed a night of coordinated terror against Jews across Germany. Known as Kristallnacht or Night of Broken Glass, thousands of Jewish shops were thrashed, Synagogues set alight and homes ransacked. Jews were attacked and nearly 100 were killed. Many more would die later in concentration camps.Our parents were at the window, petrified watching men carrying torches with live flames and singing songs and singing death to the Jews and we'll expel the Jews and the Jews are leading us to war.Recalling as a boy how he evaded Nazi supporters as they burnt down Synagogues. Heads swivelled and looked down at me. I saw faces look at me. I took flight and slid on my knees and on all fours I crawled through dozens of legs to escape them.Three weeks after Kristallnacht on the other side of the world, a Yorta man berift of rights in Australia made a stand for the rights of Jews in Germany. William Cooper was 77 years old, when he set off on foot from his home in the Melbourne subyou have been. Heading a delegation of activists he marched on the German consulate in the city. Deniedentry he left a petition on the steps calling for an end to violence against the Jewish community.Regardless of background, colour, religion because human suffering is human suffering and is equal. It's extraordinary but William Cooper did not having any civil rights, civic rights, social, nothing, they didn't exist. They didn't even figure in the census. The protest had little impact on the Nazi persecution of Jews but decades later his story reemerged and captured the imagination of people in Israel. In December 2008, descendants of William Cooper were invited to the Holocaust survival centre on the outskirts of Jerusalem. There 70 saplings were planted. Perhaps also we can understand today that the concern Denham straited by the Australian drew powerfully on their own experience. Since then Uncle Boydie has continued to remember the honour of his descendent. I just wanted to say after his passing I wanted to see what he had started finished.Completing the journey Boydie and members of the Jewish community have organised another walk next month, this time they will be embraced by officials at the German consulate.It's taken over 70 years and that's far too long for what he's tried to do. But I think things are happening, not only for what he did but I think we've got people that are educated now, young Aboriginal people that are educated. I think from here on, we're going to see a big difference. Next year marks the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht. The family plans to proceed to Germany where it's hoped the petition will at last be acknowledged. The legacy of one man igniting two cultures. If you would like to comment on that story, go to our Facebook page. The rate of vision loss is almost ten times thank higher than that of mainland Australia. A young woman from Dubbo has embarked on a career path to change these statistics. In this job, Jenna Owen sees a lot. The first indigenous optometrist in NSW, breaking down barriers.I guess I first became interested when I met my optometrist in Dubbo. Initially mum never had us kids tested because could see pretty good and were good at sport and I did well at school. When I went to get my licence at the RTA and they asked me to read the chart I said, "What chart?"This experience was the unlikely beginning of her love for the job. From there she developed an interest in studying the help of eyes as well as vision, an uncommon career path for a country girl from NSW.More than anything, I want to work in rural and remote communities, simply because of providing the service, the healthcare service that is lacking, but also to educate the community. I want kids to come in here for their eye tests at school and say they could be like me and do that or any other job that they want to go to university.But there was a time when success seemed impossible. Leaving her family in the country to study for five years was an obstacle she had to face. I've been there - struggled, I came from a place where none of my family had ever been to university or had finished Year 12.Now she's seeing clearly with a bigger task on her list. According to the Institute of Health and Welfare 94% of vision loss is preventable and treatment against Aboriginals. Her inspiration is not only to educate others but t only to educate others but education.It's about the health of your eyes and also general health and deceases that influence your eyesight like diabetes, whichesight like diabetes, which effects a huge portion of the general population and a bigger portion of the Koori population. I think it's something that's poorly understood.For the 25-year-old getting indigenous people into the field is crucial. There are people popping up in all different areas of healthcare, it's more and more important especially in rural and remote communities to have Aboriginal healthcare workers. With more eyes looking to find solutions, the goal of reducing eye problems in indigenous communities could be in sight. Still to come on Living Black - a summer of song ahead for Barefoot

(CREAKING)

Hey, babe, we gotta go over that
bush fire survival plan today. Um, I'm kind of busy. Uh, why don't we just
do it tomorrow some time? Yeah, alright, I'll pencil it in. Thank you, sweetheart.
(GLASS SMASHES) Do you want a cup of tea?
I'd love one. (FLAMES CRACKLE AND ROAR)

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and vital vaccinations, bringing medical assistance
to people who need it, no matter who or where they are. Please call this number
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Welcome back to Living Black. What began as a girls day out has taken a creative twist for some Koori women in Sydney. Weaving Women Together have united them. Now an exhibition of their work is onshow at Casula Powerhouse as part of the Pacifica Power exhibition.You would hardly believe that these artworks have been created by women who up created by women who up until recently had never picked up a paintbrush. And it's thanks to the Weaving Women Together that provides Koori women with a creative space to create their feelings.Initially a lot of us didn't think we had any artistic skills. We thought we'd have a try and we are quite proud of our achievements. The project is a continuation of an anti-violence program over the last year which helps isolated women to build confidence within themselves and to empower each other to build brighter futures.When they are painting and drawing and doing the artwork we talk a lot about what we want in the community and tell stories of their lives. This month the diverse works were opened in an exhibition at the Pacifica Power exhibition. A colourful inclusion of dance, music, sounds and tastes. And now cure y women's arts.I was blown away and surprised by the diversity of it, the fact that women were working in a whole range of mediums and exploring quite complex and tough issues. It's not just a nice piece of craft making, it's a really good example of using art to further your community and explore issues you may not normally discuss.-- Koori. Shirley Kent says the project is in jep are you debecause the Liverpool's funding runs out in December.It's been a welcoming and safe place for the women, a safe place to talk about the changes we want in the community. Unfortunately should the ceptor go, as it well may, then we will, the women will have a great deal of difficulty finding somewhere else to create.It will be disappointing if we lose the service because we don't know where we'll go and it is a part of the community.The State's Minister for women's office declined to comment. The Weaving Women Together exhibition will be on show until late November. To music - Barefoot Divas is a musical experiment bringing together indigenous women from across the Pacific. Their first overseas tour to New Zealand was so successful, they have their sights on an even bigger mark on the international stage. (MUSIC) Six women, three languages, a whole lot of soul. These are Barefoot Divas. A group of indigenous singer songwriters from Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea have come together for Walk a Mile in my Shoes a celebration of sisterhood. I hope that the audience when they walk away from Walk a Mile, that it gets them thinking about women's issues, indigenous women's issues. We are quietly strong, we are relevant.Ursula is one of two Aboriginal women in the group. She jumped at the chance to share songs inspired by her native land. Hearing other members of the group perform in her native language has been a profound spiritual experience.Just having that opportunity to represent for me our language and to stand beside women when they sing in their native language and supporting her and her songs, that means a lot to me.It's a rich lyrical system. It also deals with harder issues including racism.We're not really there - not quite equal yet. There's a long way to go.Recently signing with an international agent, the Barefoot Divas look set to continue the collaboration, entertaining audiences around the world. That's all we have time for in today's program. Next week - we go to the circus with a troupe of indigenous performers, that's next week on Living Black. If you would like to see any of you are stories from today or previous, go to our website on: On behalf of the team, thanks for joining us. am, thanks for joining us. I'm Karla Grant. See you next time. Supertext captions by Red Bee Media - www.redbeemedia.com.au.

This program is captioned live.

Today on Cycling Central - turmoil at the top. The political knives are out for Mike Txurruka as Orica- GreenEDGE dumps Brad White. Bradley McGee speaks out at cycling's dark side. The Grafton to Inverell serves up a a treat in the kitchen and on the road. The down hill have -- has their moment, and what a year for Ruth Corsett, a mother of two crowned Natonal Road Series champion. This hello and from Cycling Central hope you're enjoying your Sunday afternoon, particularly if you've returned home from taking part in the MS Sydney to gong ride for multi- council -- multiple sclerosis. Well done. Welcome to the real world, however, as we nut tout issues of the week and not surprising there's been plenty of them. If you're just