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Argentinians still campaigning for justice 30 -

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TONY JONES, PRESENTER: Today is the national day of remembrance in Argentina. It's the 32nd
anniversary of a coup d'etat that led to seven years of brutality.

But after more than three decades, bringing those who committed the horrors to justice remains a
slow process, and one which some Argentines are less than enthusiastic about.

Richard Reynolds filed this report from Buenos Aires.

RICHARD REYNOLDS, REPORTER: There were marches like this one in towns across Argentina in the days
leading up to the national day of remembrance, the anniversary of a coup d'etat in 1976.

This holiday is supposed to remind Argentines of the horrors committed in their name during the
brutal dictatorship that lasted from '76 through '83, the so-called "Dirty War". It is estimated
that the regime murdered some 30,000 during this time.

Politicians, union leaders and human rights advocates all exhorted the crowd to remember.

EDUARDO DUHALDE, HUMAN RIGHTS MINISTER (TRANSLATED): This memorial indicates a search to preserve,
build and strengthen remembrance.

RICHARD REYNOLDS: This is Avenida Libertador, one of Buenos Aires' busiest streets. Right in the
middle of the city lies this military base and the marine mechanics school, or ESMA. ESMA's just
been turned into a museum to remind Argentines that this was the heart of the terror machine during
the seven-year dictatorship. It is estimated that 5,000 were kidnapped and taken here.

ENRIQUE FUKMAN, FORMER DETAINEE (TRANSLATED): Behind these doors, going down the stairs there is a
basement. The basement contained the torture rooms.

RICHARD REYNOLDS: Enrique Fukman made it out alive but fewer than 100 of those 5,000 did.

There is another, lesser-known part of the horror. Hundreds of the detainees were pregnant women.
The mothers were murdered but the babies were handed over to military families and friends and
given forged birth certificates. They were lied to about their real parents.

Maria Sampallo was one of those children. She actually criminally charged her purported parents
with kidnapping.

TOM┴S QUINTANA, LAWYER FOR MARIA SAMPALLO: Right now she doesn't know where... when she was born
and in what conditions her mother gave birth. And her mother, Mirta, and father, Leonardo, they
were political activists in Argentina during the '70s and they were kidnapped by the military.

RICHARD REYNOLDS: Ms Sampallo wouldn't speak on camera. The cases of these stolen children have
become the heart of how Argentines now remember those horrors. The cases against the former
generals simply don't arouse much interest these days.

CELS is a documentation centre that keeps the myriad documents and testimonies that track what
happened during the "Dirty War". The founders wanted to make sure the people here remembered.

VALERIA BARBUTO, ARCHIVIST, CELS (TRANSLATED): The stories are sad but there are also family
members still living and they are victims as well and are working towards the future. The demand of
justice and memory are positive.

RICHARD REYNOLDS: The Argentine Supreme Court threw out an amnesty law two years ago and
prosecutions have begun again. Since then more than 300 cases have been started but there have been
only 14 convictions.

CAROLINA VARSKY, LAWYER, CELS: I consider that we started the process of justice and we are more
near but it's not enough.

RICHARD REYNOLDS: The new Government of President Cristina Kirchner seems eager to see these
prosecutions proceed. The judiciary's attitude has been described as half-hearted. Things are
moving very slowly and public support remains lukewarm. After all, people here still refer to the
30,000 murdered as "the disappeared", as if they would rather not think of them as dead.

This is where many of the so-called disappeared ended up. This is the Río de la Plata, an enormous
estuary. Detainees were drugged to the point of unconsciousness, then flown out over the estuary
and dumped in to be eaten by the sharks.

And just like those bodies, many in today's Argentina would prefer the questions about the last
military dictatorship just went away.

Richard Reynolds, Lateline.