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Living Black -

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(generated from captions) he was tried and executed
by his peers.

In November 1954,

Mikhail Ryumin was sentenced
for distorting the inquiry.

He was executed
in the small courtyard of Lubyanka.

Captions (c) SBS Australia 2011

This program is captioned live. Hello, and welcome to Living Black, coming to you from Perth. I'm Karla Grant. In today's program - radioactive fallout - we investigate the pros and cons of a proposed uranium mine in Western Australia.Uranium is a poison. That's one that we have to be very, very careful of. Return to country - the Djungan people of Far North Queensland rejoice in their native title settlement.The spirit of our old people in that place... And going digital - a group of W. A teenagers create Australia's first Aboriginal interactive comic.

In May this year, Western Australia's first uranium mine near Wiluna was given approval by the Environmental Protectoval by the Environmental Protection Authority to go ahead. But appeals have been lodged against it, with concerns on how this will affect the community. Larteasha Griffen investigates.

In the Midwest region of Western Australia lies the town of Wiluna. With a population of around 800 people, this small desert community could see some controversial changes. A proposed uranium mine is set to be constructed near the township, sparking fear among the people.Their biggest concern here for the Djungan people is that, if it remains here, it's going to cause a lot of problems. And the problem is, it's going to cause a lot of radiation here in this land, and the bush tucker that we eat, like kangaroo and all that, we just don't know what will happen to that. It may get affected.Aboriginal elder Glen Cook has lived here for almost 20 years with his wife and children. Originally from Warburton Ranges, he married into the Mardu people of Wiluna. His mission now is to s mission now is to keep his family safe.I still say to safe.I still say to the Government that they should have come and talked to us. That's the community that I'm saying talk fully to the ladies and the mens and the whole community. So they can get their view across and talk to him personally, what they think of this uranium.In May this year, the Western Australian Environmental Protection Authority approved Torro Energy's uranium project 30km south of Wiluna. But shortly after, several appeals against this approval were lodged, including one from Mr Cook. They claim that the environmental risks weren't inspected thoroughly. Uranium is heil toxic. It can damage inner organs such as the kidneys, and contaminate the local environment. But managing director of mining company Torro Energy, Greg Hall, has fought back, adamant that the radiation from the new mine won't from the new mine won't be a problem.The management of radiation in the immediate mine tion in the immediate mine facility can be managed very, very safely, and it virtually does not impact outside of that. So they could understand, after a while, that this is not going to impact on any traditional activities in n any traditional activities in that region. That's the two key issues for them. But any mining can impact on cultural heritage - it's not just uranium. That's why that was in court as a separate issue as well.The proposal is to open-cut mine at Sentpede, followed by the deposits at Laken with Way. They will be extracted by a leeching process from Centipede. Behind me is where the new Toro Energy uranium mine will be located. Locals in Wiluna have different iluna have different opinions on how it will affect the community. Potentially, the project could create 350 jobs during construction, and 170 jobs during its operational phase. Weighing up economic benefits versus possible environmental damage has created a dilemma for traditional owners. Some old people, some people go against it, but I don't know. It's pretty tough. I can't say. I'm the middleman.If the company can prove that they ompany can prove that they can mine it sustainably and mine it according to world's best practice, we don't know what world's best practice is. I suppose it's a challenge where we sit down and engage with the company to look at what is best practice. The company might see best practice differently. We might see it differently from a cultural perspective.Uranium expert Gavin Mudd made a submission to the Environmental Protection Authority against the mine. For Gavin, the risks need to be taken seriously. My main concerns are environmental - that's environmental - that's my expertise and background. They relate to both the tailings management, the water management, looking at the changes induced in the environment due to a mining project such as this. So looking at things such as the radiation levels - what are the pree pre-mining radiation levels that exist in that area, and also, what's their proposed rehabilitation standards, and making sure that they will be able to achieve the same levels, no higher than levels, no higher than the levels that existed prior to mining.According to his research, the rehabilitation process after the mine closes is crucial.A lot of the claims that industry make that they can do rehabilitation, I think, do need to be questioned. hink, do need to be questioned. I think when you look at the previous sites, where we have done rehabilitation, it simply hasn't been good enough, despite what appeared to be good engineering at the time. So I think that, to me, is why I raised all these concerns - I'm yet to be convinced that rehabilitation is good enough yet.Back in Wiluna, Glen Cook continues his fight for his family against uranium.We don't need another hole in the ground. Coal, nickel and other minerals - it's not so bad. But this uranium, it's a poison. That's one that we have to be very, very careful of.The Toro Energy Wiluna uranium mine is due to open in 2014. If you'd like to comment on that story, just go to our Facebook page. Still to come on Living Black - Djungan country - a North Queensland people reunited with their mountain. d with their mountain.

You're watching Living Black, coming to you from Perth. The Mibbinbah Men's Health helps men to better deal with mental illness and life issues. They are best known for their innovative use of the innovative use of the movie 'Mad Bastards' as a healing tool. But now, they're in danger of being shut down due to a lack of funding. Josh Ridgeway investigates.

What's the matter, my boy? You got trouble anywhere?Wouldn't know where to start. Set in the rugged Kimberley landscape, 'Mad Bastards' is a compelling story of one man's journey to reconnect with his son. You're not from this country.It's my son's country.Shortly after its release, the film's director, Brendan Fletcher, saw a unique opportunity to take the movie one step further. Partnering with a number of tnering with a number of health bodies, including NACCHO, Gamarada men's Health, and Mibbinbah Spirit Healing, they created a guide for Aboriginal men to be the best you can be. The Resource is about watching the movie and picking out themes that are arise in the movie. The working group picked out six themes, and among them was relationships, identity, transformation and these sort of things.We're on Dharawal land at Mount Keira, just outside Wollongong, NSW, where the tool is about to be trialled through a men's camp. The guide uses a mixture of talking circles and theme cards, drawing issues from the movie g issues from the movie as an icebreaker. From there, participants are encouraged to reflect on their own experiences. The film's main star, Dean Daley- Jones, has also joined the camp to share his life story - similar to the film's - and prumoment spiritual healing.As men, we're uniting nationally and we're speaking that message about talking about your issues with other men, mainly so that our women and children benefit by it, and our homes, and so the whole community, black or white, benefit by it. After the first session, it's clear participants are beginning to connect, with some of the movie's central themes.Our group really concentrated on relationships, and how fraught different layers in the relationships were we've got to navigate in our lives, whether it's within our families, between our families and between our families and other families, within a community...Another key issue raised by the group wasio it.It's been tough for me throughout the years. They've call mead a white man. I've ead a white man. I've told them, "No, I'm not. I'm Aboriginal." o, I'm not. I'm Aboriginal."Warren Dempster knows his Aboriginal - it's a struggle to be accepted in a family where some relatives don't want to recognise it.My nan doesn't claim that she's original. My Mum's Aboriginal. I'mal. My Mum's Aboriginal. I'm Aboriginal. I've got an auntie who's Aboriginal, but doesn't claim to be.For some men, this camp has become a form of spiritual and cultural guidance. Kerry McKenzie says it's also about regaining traditional gender roles. The men role was part of teaching the culture - dances - and keeper of the land - that was diminished. As Aboriginal men, we're trying to, after 200 years-plus - trying to regain that.It's these powerful reflections the men aim to take back with o take back with them to their own communities, as leaders and role models. But they could be the last lot. The program was initially set up by beyondblue, and the cooperative centre for Aboriginal health, in 2007, with $1 million for three with $1 million for three years. Jack Bulman stretched it out to last for six years, but funding has now dried up. If we can't get any, we don't exist as a charity anymore for our lads. Even if the program closes down in its present form, the message will lif on.Don't be ashamed. Don't walk around like this with your head down. Break the chains. Talk about whatever it is, whether it's domestic violence, alcohol, drug abuse, whatever it is, because we've all been through that stuff. We've all committed that you can redeem yourself and you can become that 21st-century warrior.Strong Aboriginal men in mind, body and spirit. If you'd like to watch that story again, just go to our website. Earlier this year, the Djungan people of Far North Queensland settled a native title claim with the Federal Court. Formal recognition as traditional owners that came after a 17-year wait.

Standing a timeless watch over a landscape scarred by injustice. Mount Mulligan cuts a majestic figure across an area once home to a thriving community of Djungan people. But in the late 1800s, their world was turned upside-down. Thousands of fortune-seekers invaded this region west of Cairns. A human stampede fuelled by the discovery of gold. The Djungan didn't stand . The Djungan didn't stand a chance.Between the gold and the miners, the Djungan -- were the Djungan people. Because they were in the way and they wouldn't get out of the way, because this ay, because this is our country, they were just shot. Those who didn't run away were shot down. Some of them were hunted down, and they were yarded like cattle and sent away.Although the gold is gone and the mine long closed, many Djungan have never , many Djungan have never returned. Among those who maintained a connection to country, Ron Archer and his owe older brother, Jimmy. Their families move under to the area 20 years ago and began a long battle to be ong battle to be recognised as traditional owners - a struggle that ended this year when the Federal Court officially recognised native title rights in four areas of Djungan country, including Mount Mulligan. I finally got our land back, after fighting and squabbling over it for so many years.We were given the privilege to were given the privilege to go back and care for our community. And we should do it. Now that the native title determination has been handed down, the Archer family plan on extending some of the youth services already on offer on their land for troubled teens such as youth workshops, as well as caring-for-country programs. A country that once again can nurture and nourish the Djungan. The native title determination is - it gives us now that piece of mind, knowing that we can go there any time, you know? And we can talk to that place. The spirit of our old people in that place. While the Djungan can again draw life from the land and the riverways, they can also draw strength from the spirit of their mountain.That mountain there behind us, Nurubulgan, in my language - the very essence of my Aboriginality is connected to this place. This is the heart, this is the story of Djungan people. For me as a traditional owner, I feel really proud that that stands behind me. But Mount Mulligan is currently under a pastoral lease for cattle- grazing, and is a camping ground for tourists. Despite that, the Djungans still feel they've finally been reunited with their mountain. In my heart, it always was and always will be Djungan land. That piece of paper confirms that. They recognise us as the traditional owners brought to the country. For the last 20 years, we've been telling them that we are the traditional owners. Now that piece of paper tells us, legally, yes, you can go there now.Djungan hearts now kept, as they ponder what new s they ponder what new -- content, as they ponder what new future awaits beyond the sunset. That report from NITV news reporter Charmaine Ingram. Still to come on Living Black from Western Australia - Pilbara teenagers create the first Aboriginal digital comic book.

Welcome back to Living Black, coming to you from Perth. A group of teenagers from Roebourne, Western Australia, have taken their passion for comic books into the digital age. They've created Australia's first Aboriginal interactive comic. Miranda Griffiths has more.

Quiet! It's the year 2000 76. Niomads, a futuristic film about 15 young Aboriginal teenagers in the year 2076 called 'The Love Punks'. Radiation has destroyed the land and the d the land and the fate of the world rests in their hands. This story has now been transformed into the first- ever Aboriginal digital comic book. The last people to roam the earth ...!Music Many collaboration with the project - Big Art and the Youth of Roebourne, this initiative is the first of its kind in Australia. A zombie film, music videos, and online game, and now, a digital comic book. For these young photoshop enthusiasts, their work just keeps getting bigger.I know how to do, um, the brush tool, the eye-dropper, the paint bucket, and know how to create a new layer.For 12-year-old Nathaniel, photoshop has become a much-loved hobby. He even dreams about it.I had this dream doing photoshop that I was doing photoshop and these people came to people came to have a look, and they took pictures and asked me if I could go to New York and do some colouring- in.And Nathaniel's dream has become a reality. He's been invited to South Korea for the International Comic Book Festival, where he'll present 'Niomad' to the rest of the world. The 60 full- colour-page digital comic has it all - interactivity, animation, music and sound effects. Its aim is to share the rich Aboriginal culture of the Pilbara desert region.I'm gonna eat you!Don't eat me!The project has also been a personal journfry the students, who've undergone a noticeable transformation.It brought out a lot of boldness within them, even to sit and speak, and even to perform. I've never seen any kids like that in my days - Aboriginal kids are very shy. But these kids played a great role, and it made me proud to see what they have done this day.

For artist and project coordinator Stuart Campbell, hosting workshops and meeting the kids of row has been a life-changing experience. It's the most interesting sort of comic project that I've ever been involved in. Usually I don't have real-life subjects to draw from. What we've really tried to do - I've been living in Roebourne for a year now, and I know these little guys pretty hese little guys pretty well. They've got anazeing personalities, and we've tried to , and we've tried to pull those personalities into the comic as much as possible. And it's these personalities that shine through the iPad comic screen. Every day after school, we have to get picked up from these guys, and we get questions on, and sometimes we have to read our script.The first comic episode shows Love Punk leader teaching his culture. With stories like this, it's more than a comic book - it's an educational tool inspiring these young teens to draw upon their personal life experiences.

One person gets shocked from light thing and gets the power. The digital combook is now available on iTunes. For the teenagers of Roebourne, it's sure to be a hit. Some great young talent there. Still in WA, where many young people from remote communities come here to Perth for their schooling - but that disconnection to country can sometimes make city life a little tough. Phil Tucak reports on how the ocean has provided spiritual comfort for a 15-year-old girl from 15-year-old girl from the Kimberley.

Big waves and big surf - the West Australian coast is an adventure playground for outdoor thrillseekers. But for teenage surfer Jassiro, who hails from the small coastal community of One Arm Point, north of Broome, the ocean is also a spiritual place.Yeah, there are a lot of stories to do with ocean and stuff, and yeah, my elders - my ancestors - came from an island, and moved to the mainland. Yeah, so pretty much they were surrounded by water.After receiving a scholarship to attend boarding school in Perth, Jasirah is now a long way from home.A bit overwhelming at first, 'cause at my school, there was hardly any kids, and then coming here, there's about a thousand kids at this school. So it's pretty scary at first.Jasirah found support in the Indigenous community education foundation. Where Jasirah has come from, particularly, One Arm Point, it's a very strong community. When you come to a large city such as Perth, it can kind of, without having many family contacts, it can be isolating. So we, as an organisation, create opportunities for these young Indigenous kids to become a part of a family, of a community, of a community of one that it's embracing of all young people, and all cultures.Among the ICEA programs are the winter series surfing workshops, and ICEA Classic surf competition.

It's a long way from the red dirt of the Kimberley to the white sand of Perth he white sand of Perth beaches, but for students like Jasirah, getting involved in events like this surfing competition can help build confidence, whilst promoting cultural awareness and understanding. For Jasirah, returning to the ocean was a welcome return lift to her spirits so far from home. How did you go? Pretty good. Got tiring, paddling. With the help of ICEA and her friends, Jasirah now has the support of a much larger community around her. That's all we have time for in today's program. Next week on Living Black - fast and furious - we check nd furious - we check out Dreamtime Racing, a V8 Supercar team that's blazing a trail for Indigenous motorsport fans.

That's next week on Living Black. If you'd like to see any of our stories from today or previous episodes again, just visit our website - sbs.com.au/livingblack. You can also follow us on Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. On behalf of the team half of the team here in Perth, thanks for joining us. I'm Karla Grant. See you next time. Supertext captions by Red Bee Media - www.redbeemedia.com.au.

This program is captioned live.

This program is captioned live.
Good afternoon, and welcome to a special edition of Cycling Central, as the aftershocks of the Lance Armstrong doping case continue to reverberate around the world. In today's show, we'll discuss the issues that have cast a shadow over the sport. In the studio is anti- doping researcher Michael Ashenden, who's also a member of the World Anti-Doping Agency's Athlete's Passport expert committee, and also a former member of the UCI's blood passport committee. We've got reregular contributor and former European-based cycling journalist Anthony Tan with us, while in our Melbourne studio, we welcome the president of Cycling Australia, Klaus Mueller. Good afternoon to you, gentleman. Straight -- gentlemen. Straight to the tropic izin a moment. First, the week that was. All start would the explosive investigation screened on ABC's 'Four Corners' program, where the real significance of Armstrong's doping history was revealed and uncovered. Questioned under oath about using drugs in a deposition he made in 2005, Armstrong disputed the claims, which continues to this very day. On Wednesday, Cycling Australia announced that Matt White's position with the national men's road program was untenable, and his contract was subsequently terminated. White himself issued a statement of ssued a statement of apology: