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Unrest in Edinburgh streets ahead of G8 summi -

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Unrest in Edinburgh streets ahead of G8 summit

Reporter: Jane Hutcheon

TONY JONES: Protestors have fought running battles in the streets of Edinburgh ahead of tomorrow's
G8 Summit. The leaders of the eight richest industrialised countries will be meeting in Scotland
and at the top of their agenda is the fate of the world's poorest. Eradicating African poverty has
become a global cause in the past week, with millions turning out to show their support. But will
that translate into results when those "eight men in a room" sit down to talk. Europe correspondent
Jane Hutcheon reports.

JANE HUTCHEON: Demonstrations turned the Scottish capital into pockets of war. But some are simply
out to disrupt. The bulk of protesters want to stop the tide of African poverty. They came to
reinforce the message to leaders of the eight most powerful nations meeting later this week.

BONO, U2 FRONTMAN: We're not looking for charity. We're looking for justice.

JANE HUTCHEON: Three weeks ago, the G8 approved a $60 billion deal to write-off debt to the world's
poorest 18 countries. But the campaigners want more. They've called for a doubling of aid and
concessions to help Africa do more trade.

TIM RICE, ACTIONAID: African countries must have the right to adopt their own policies at their own
pace, to liberalise their own markets and reform their own system.

JANE HUTCHEON: Millions have embraced the anti-poverty drive. During the Live8 concert in London's
Hyde Park, this man explained how he's trying to make a difference through his work.

MAN: I have a fair trade business from Guatemala that deals in textiles that I export from
Guatemala. And I help schools in Guatemala with food and I give the people in the villages mosquito
nets to stop malaria.

JANE HUTCHEON: But the grass roots movement is struggling to get a foot hold at the top. Tony Blair
is calling in favours to try to rally G8 leaders behind the cause. Even his closest ally in the
so-called war against terror sounded reluctant to heed his call.

GEORGE BUSH, US PRESIDENT: Tony Blair made decisions on what he thought was best for the people of
Great Britain and I made decisions on what I thought was best for Americans. I really don't view
our relationship as one of quit pro quos. I view our relationship as one of strong allies and
friends working together for the common good.

JANE HUTCHEON: One of the concerns is doubling aid money will only provide more loot to corrupt
African dictators.

MARTIN KIMANI, AFRICA SCHOLAR: It propagates a cycle because what aid has done is that it's given
African Governments another source of funds other than their own citizens' tax money.

JANE HUTCHEON: Kenyan PHD student Martin Kimani says western countries make an industry out of
saving Africa.

MARTIN KIMANI: Saving Africa has been in business since the 19th century. Even our conquerors have
conquered us to save us. Colonialism was an attempt to save us. Even when we were being enslaved we
were being told we were being saved.

JANE HUTCHEON: Africa's litany of misfortunes seems unending. In Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe
continues a violent urban clean-up campaign that's already cost several lives. Martin Kimani says
he could believe world leaders' pledges on poverty if only they'd be as vocal about other
catastrophes.

MARTIN KIMANI: What do they have to say about Dafur? What do they have to say about that kind of
present and clear danger to millions of people who are being killed by a murderous Government?

JANE HUTCHEON: Despite what Africans think, the make poverty history campaign is champing at the
bit. By Friday the world will know whether a meeting in this picturesque corner of Scotland will
change the course of Africa's history. Jane Hutcheon, Lateline.