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Gillard meets with China's president Hu Jinta -

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Prime Minister Julia Gillard has said she will discuss defence ties and human rights concerns with
Chinese president Hu Jintao.


ALI MOORE, PRESENTER: The Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, wants Australia to develop closer defence
ties with China.

It's a desire she expressed during talks this evening with China's President, Hu Jintao.

Before the meeting, Ms Gillard said she'd also be raising human rights concerns and her wish for
the two countries to speed up negotiations on a free trade deal.

Chief political correspondent Mark Simkin reports from Beijing.

MARK SIMKIN, REPORTER: She 's not your average tourist.

JULIA GILLARD, PRIME MINISTER: Beautiful, beautiful. Lovely to be out and about having a wander.

MARK SIMKIN: The Prime Minister got a VIP look at the 600-year-old Forbidden City.

The regular tourists were forbidden; thousands of them were locked out while Julia Gillard wandered

The Prime Minister bumped into some Australians in an outer courtyard.

JULIA GILLARD: Hello. Lovely to meet you. Having a good time? Alright, what's been the best thing?



MARK SIMKIN: A little pleasure amid a lot of business and business is the focus.

The Prime Minister's last meeting of the trip was arguably the most significant: formal talks with
the most powerful man in China.

HU JINTAO, CHINESE PRESIDENT (voiceover translation): Since becoming Prime Minister, you have
repeatedly expressed your commitment to developing a pragmatic, friendly, mutually beneficial and
co-operative relationship with China. I appreciate that commitment.

MARK SIMKIN: Julia Gillard pushed for closer economic ties, including a free-trade agreement and
closer defence links. That could include joint military exercises and Chinese warships visiting
Australian ports.

The Prime Minister doesn't believe that will complicate the US alliance.

JULIA GILLARD: I think we've all got an interest in military links and military transparency. I
think Australia's got that interest, I think the US has that interest too.

MARK SIMKIN: Military co-operation wasn't the only sensitive issue raised. Julia Gillard expressed
concern about China's human rights record.

JULIA GILLARD: I do believe that China does listen to and respond to international opinion, and we
are one voice in expressing that international opinion.

MARK SIMKIN: China knows something about purges, but I'm told senior leaders here were shocked when
Kevin Rudd was dumped and Julia Gillard took over. That doesn't mean they were unhappy about it
though, and the new Prime Minister's been given a lavish reception.

Mark Simkin, Lateline.