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World leaders back Obama's nuke plan -

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TONY JONES, PRESENTER: The US president set them a challenge and the leaders of almost 50 countries
stepped up, agreeing to secure all vulnerable nuclear material around world within four years.

At the end of the unprecedented nuclear summit, Barack Obama declared the world was safer because
of their commitment.

But the issue of Iran's nuclear ambitions remains unresolved and the US is pushing for tighter

North America correspondent Lisa Millar reports.

LISA MILLAR, REPORTER: Barack Obama knew his goal was ambitious and that getting this room of
leaders to even recognise the problem was a start.

BARACK OBAMA, US PRESIDENT: First, we agreed on the urgency and seriousness of the threat. Coming
into this summit, there were a range of views on this danger. But at our dinner last night and
throughout the day we developed a shared understanding of the risk.

LISA MILLAR: They've given themselves four years to safely secure the world's nuclear materials.

BARACK OBAMA: We have seized this opportunity and because of the steps we've taken as individual
nations and as an international community, the American people will be safer and the world will be
more secure.

LISA MILLAR: Massive amounts of plutonium and highly enriched uranium exist in dozens of countries.
The challenge for this group is to keep it out of the hands of terrorists.

Some have already taken tangible steps, the White House releasing a list detailing the actions of
30 countries.

It includes Canada returning uranium to the US, Chile removing all its highly enriched material and
China announcing co-operation on a nuclear security centre of excellence.

And the US and Russia agreed to dispose of massive amounts of weapons grade plutonium.

HILLARY CLINTON, US SECRETARY OF STATE: Together, that is enough material for nearly 17,000 nuclear

SERGEI LAVROV, RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER: It's certainly a step in the direction of our shared goal
of nuclear disarmament.

LISA MILLAR: The three page communiqué calls for more resources for the International Atomic Energy
Agency and a $10 billion fund to strengthen nuclear security.

They've ticked off on research on new nuclear fuels, detection methods and forensic techniques.

Australia's Defence Minister, John Faulkner, thinks it can be done.

JOHN FAULKNER, AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE MINISTER: I certainly do think the four year timeframe is

LISA MILLAR: The French president was less optimistic.

NICOLAS SARKOZY, FRENCH PRESIDENT (voiceover translation): We'll see where we stand four years down
the line.

LISA MILLAR: Most leaders declared the summit a success.

One of the country's considered the greatest threat to global security wasn't at this summit, but
Iran made its presence felt as the US president tried to convince nations to isolate the regime
with tougher sanctions.

That decision comes next month at the UN.

BARACK OBAMA: I want to see us move forward boldly and quickly to send the kind of message that
will allow Iran to make a different calculation.

LISA MILLAR: But finding full agreement on that approach is proving a little harder.

Lisa Millar, Lateline.