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Live. President Obama reassures

Israel about his plan for

Middle East peace. The bonds

between the United States and

Israel are unbreakable and the commitment of the United States

to the security of Israel is iron clad. Green support waivering for

an Opposition inquiry into

Australia's asylum seeker

policy. An erupting volcano in

Iceland causes concerns for

flights in Europe. And Sam Stosur breezes through the

first round of the French Open

at Roland Garros. Good evening,

it's Monday, 23 May, I'm

Michael Rowland. And I'm

Virginia Trioli. The top story

- US President Barack Obama is

seeking to ease tension with

Israel over his plan for Middle

East peace. President Obama is

not backing away for a proposal

for two independent states

President has based on 1967 borders. But the

President has told a

pro-Israeli group in Washington

that it's only a starting point

borders should be based on for negotiations. He said the

mutually agreed land swaps. It

was my reference to the 1967

lands with mutually agreed

share of the attention, swaps that received the lion's

including just now. And since

my position has been

misrepresented several times

let me reaffirm what 1967 lines with

with mutually agreed swaps

means. By definition it means

that the parties themselves,

Israelis and Palestinians, will

negotiate a border that is

different than the one that

existed on June 4, 1967. That's

what mutually agreed upon swaps

means. It is a well known

formula to all who have worked

on this issue for a

generation. Barack Obama there.

Now for more is our North America correspondent America correspondent Craig McMurtrie in Washington. Good

morning. The President trying

to mend fences after what was a

particularly frosty meeting

with Israel's leader in the

White House on Friday? Yes, it

was quite extraordinary. A very

awkward appearance on camera.

Both men in the Oval Office and

there was the spectacle of the Israeli Prime Minister in

effect lecturing the US

President on Israel's history

and the history of Middle East

peace talks and the President

sitting there mute and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu

made it very clear there was no

way Israel could accept any

outcome built around 1967 borders. The President as

you've just heard in the speech

today and before the

pro-Israeli lobby here in the

United States was very clear in

saying when he made his speech

last week when he mentioned in

1967 borders as a starting

point he also mentioned the

need for land swaps and

saying he has need for land swaps and he's

saying he has been misrepresented. White House

inciders are saying willfully

misrepresented in some cases.

The speech was very, very

finely balanced today at this

conference. He reassured them immediately about America's iron clad commitment to

Israel's security. He

criticised Hamas and said that

the agreement between the

moderate Fatah and Hamas groups

was an obta Cal to peace and he criticised

criticised a push at the UN to

recognise the Palestine state

which was welkm by the

delegates. Then he moved on to

the issue of the 1967 borders

question. He said that he recognised the people there would disagree with him and

there were scattered boos and

some jeering when he got to

that point however it was

overwhelm ed by polite applause and organisers before the President's speech had urged

the delegates there to receive

him properly. And the point he was making clearly was there is

going to have to be clearly

some quid pro quo from the

Palestinians who also have to

give up some settlements as

part of my Middle East peace

deal? That's right but the

issue still on the mind of a

lot of analysts and inciders

here is why now, why with the

peace talks effectively going

no where and little sign either

party is serious about sitting

down for direct talks, why would Barack Obama put his

political capital on the line?

And there hasn't really been a

clear answer to that. Today the

President was saying this was

no time to procrastinate, he

was pointing to the Arab

uprisings, he was talking about

new technology making it harder

for Israel to secure its border

and warning that Israel faces

greater isolation in world

affairs if it doesn't step

forward and be more assertive

on restarting peace talks. But

there is still a significant

question in this town, at least, as to why the White

House and why this President is

choosing to speak out on this

issue right now. And finally,

Craig, as we go to air the

President is backing his bags

for a swing through

Europe? It's a 6-day trip. He's

going to starting off in Ireland. He's

going to something like his

great, great, grand father's

birth place, then he's going to

England where he will of course

meet the Queen. It's a full

state visit. France which is

the big event of this trip, the

G8 summit and then finally in

Poland where defence talks are

expected to dominate but he will be away for the best part

of a week. Thank you very much.

OK. In other news today the Federal Government's climate

chition will release its first report today warning that the

evidence of warming is stronger

than ever. The commission says

the latest data shows sea lels

could rise by up to a metre by

the end of the century and the the end of the

report says the debate is being

muddied by misinformation and

the window for acting is rapidly into immigration detention. The back a pamplet yaish inquiry considering whether or not to rapidly closing. The Greens are

a police officer. The sentence for anyone who murders introduce a mandatory life Australian first NSW is set to political stunt. In an dismissed the move as a detention. The Government has it looks at mandatory support an inquiry as long as The Greens say they will parliament resumes this week. a wide-ranging inquiry when Opposition will move to set up has erupted sending a plume of smoke and ash across the country and closing the main airport. Authorities are worried the cloud could disrupt across Europe and disrupt air traffic. Last year ash clouds grounded planes for days. A seary of bomb attacks in and around Baghdad have killed 13 people and injured 60 others. In what appears to be a coordinated campaign at least 14 bombs exploded across the Iraqi capital. The worst was in the north of the city where a suicide bomber blew himself up active volcano. This volcano a close eye on Iceland's most safety authorities are keeping independence. Europe's air would erode judicial civil liberties groups say it has the backing of police but to parliament this week and it legislation will be introduced

among a group of police officers. Now murdering a police officer will carry

police officer will carry a mandatory life sentence under

new laws being introduced by

the NSW Government. The the NSW Government. The Premier

says anyone convicted of the

crime will die behind bars. The

death of police officers in the line

line of duty is highly emotive

and the sentencing of their

killers often controversial. Constable

Constable David Carty was

stabbed to death 14 years ago.

His murderer was given a

28-year prison sentence. Under

the new plans future

convictions will carry a whole

life sentence. This is about

ensuring that there's a

strongest possible message.

Those who murder police will be

locked up for life. No ifs, no

buts, no maybes. The Police

Minister Mike Gallagher was

Minister Mike Gallagher was asked whether there would be

any exceptions. There's only

one way they're going to come out. Out in a box. David

Carty's father said if the law

had been in force 14 years ago

it could have made all the

difference. It certainly would

have given them something to

think about, you know,

attacking a police officer and

like in that manner but

hopefully it would. I'd like to

think that it would have made think that it would have made a

difference to either David living oor

living oor dying. Murdering a

police officer already carries

a mandatory 25-year nonparole

period. The US has whole life

sentences but some experts

argue they've had little

effect. In January this effect. In January this year,

for example, 14 police were

shot and yet they have tough on

crime legislation like this and

it doesn't reduce crime. So I

don't think it's going to have

any impact in actually reducing the violence against

the violence against police.

There's no evidence of that. The legislation is

expected to be introduced in

the next few days. As I just

mentioned a moment ago the

Federal Government's climate

commission is just about to

present to parliament its first

report and it warns the window

for limiting future and costly

climate change is rapidly

closing. In fact it's a rather

serious report and one that

aims to actually stomp right on the head

the head the entire argument

around climate change science

in Australia. For more Melissa

Clarke joins us from Canberra. Good morning, it's very tough

when it comes to what it calls

ill-informed debate about

climate science? This report

that's being launched today at Parliament House says really

there's no doubt about it that

all of the scientific evidence

from around the world says the

same thing that over the last

century the globe is starting to

to get warmer, that that's

mostly because of human activity, that we're alright

seeing adverse impact s because

of that when it comes to the

natural ecosystems and that

what we do in the next decade

will have the main impact on

what will happen for the next 2

generations. So this report

that's been pulled together that's been pulled together by the climate change commission

which was arranged by the

Government to act as an

Government to act as an

advisory body to the community

and to help shape public debate

will bring down this report

that says if action isn't taken

that will simply make things worse. But given that the

Government's been having a hell

of an argument in even trying

to persuade the Opposition, the

minor party ts and independent

independence and the wider

public on the need to cut CO2

incredibly tough on emissions, this report is

incredibly tough on what needs

to be hacked right back when it

comes to CO2 emissions. That

won't give any comforts to

Julia Gillard's arguments, will

it? It shows how difficult the

Government's task is because it

shows the scientific consensus

of just what needs to be done

and how soon and that it needs

to be done in a very large way.

Although there is polling

regularly shows there is

sentiment for action to be

taken whenever it comes down to

what actually needs to be

what actually needs to be done,

how much money should be spent,

how much pain people should suffer as a result or industry

should suffer in order to bring

down carbon emissions, the

support becomes very lukewarm

and when it becomes the battle

with the Opposition that has

made it its key stone against

the Government is to campaign

against the Government's move

here Julia Gillard has a very

tough job of trying to do

little hope of something even though there's

little hope of doing as much as

what the climate scientist s

are saying needs to be

done. Now turning to this

proposed review or inquiry proposed review or inquiry into

immigration detention and also

asylum seeker policies by the

Federal Government, the Greens

hold a bit of a card here in terms of whether they will

support the Opposition or not

but they don't seem to be

terribly clear on what they're

going to do so far? They terribly clear on what they're

haven't haven't declared whether or not

they will be supporting the

Opposition and they're waiting

to until it's tabled in

parliament to see what the

precise terms are. The Greens

have made it clear they support

the idea of inquiring into the

detention centres, they're not

happy with various elements of

way the system is being run but

they don't want to do a review unless it looks at the possibility of scrapping saying mandatory detention. They're

saying if it's just simply a

political move by the koelingts

to have a go at the Government

that's not enough. They say it

has to look at all options and

that includes the mandatory

element of the detention

system. So the question remains

as to whether or not the

Coalition is willing to expand

the terms oft inquiry it would

like to see. They're two

different inquiries when you

look at what the Greens want to

Opposition inquire into and what the

Opposition does? They're

certainly different but the erm

proposing are already very thes the Coalition are

broad. They're proposing at not

only just looking at the riots

we've had but the costs that

are involved with them, they

also want to have an element

that looks at the Malaysian

deal and how detention might

work there. So they've already

set the terms fairly broadly, it depends on whether or not

they're willing to widen it out

get just that little bit more to

get enough support to make sure that it happens. Of course

there are the other cross

benchers to be considered as

well. Andrew Wilkie has thrown

his support behind it, Bob

Katter has certainly said he's

willing to listen to what the

Coalition has got to say but Coalition has got to say

we're yet to find out what Tony

Windsor and Rob Oakeshott think

of this. Good to talk to

you. Now to the front pagers of

the newspapers and a new report

warns the goft-owned

warns the goft-owned

electricity networks in NSW and

Queensland are charging almost

twice as much as privately

owned operators in Victoria. That story in the

'Australian'. The 'Herald Sun'

reports a leading energy

company says carbon tax

uncertainty will see power

prices double over 6 years. The 'Daily Telegraph' says Aine

infrastructure hot line has

been open between the NSW

Prime Minister. The 'Sydney Premier Barry O'Farrell and the

Morning Herald' says the

evidence for global warming is

evidence for global warming is now exceptionally strong and

beyond doubt according to the

Australian climate

commission. 'The Age' reports

the Prime Minister's Department

has revealed WikiLeaks and its

Australian intelligence founder were the subject of

reporting last year. The

'Courier Mail' says the most

dangerous sex offenders living

in the community are repeatedly

breaching supervision orders. The 'Advertiser'

reports the State's top victim advocates says suspended sentences

sentences are conceptually

far too lenient. The 'Canberra flawed opinionishments that are

Times' says the NSW Land and

Environment Court has thrown

out Canberra airport's latest

legal challenge on a residential subdivision south of Queanbeyan. The 'Financial Review' says the Foreign

Minister is calling iffor a new

phase of economic engagement

between Australia and China. The 'West Australian'

says more than 50 WA households a day needed help to pay utility

utility bills last month. A key

negotiator says Tasmania can

kiss additional AFL games goodbye permanent ly if the

sergeant rejects the latest

proposal. And the 'Northern

Territory News' says semi naked

women have been filmed getting

changed for a wet T-shirt

competition at a Darwin

nightclub because it would be a

terrible invasion of your privacy getting filmed getting changed for

changed for the competition.

page of the the 'Australian', Can we go back to the front

see if we can just pull that up

because on the front page is

what might turn out to be an

call it a side story. A interesting sort of, shall we

conversation starter. And also

one of those sort of, you know,

oh yes, now we see, maybe now

we don't kind of yarns but it

goes to the heart of this maverick man, Mr Bob Katter. The man with the hat.

Katter. The man with the hat.

Zbll who according to that

story in the 'Australian' is Is considering starting his own

political party. Because he

believes the Independent MPs,

he's not one of the block of

the Independent MPs who are propped up the Gillard Government but he believes

Independents like Tony Windsor

and Rob Oakeshott are properly defending their rural based

electorates. A former National Party member not

Party member not too happy with

the Nationals and he wants a

new party that better

represents the interests of

country Australia. There's talk

it will be called the Australian Party and it

wouldn't just be a rebadged old

country party. Now, we know

that there's enough

disaffection with politics in

Australia at the moment that possibly any new party that

might Mott be part of the

majors could ot get some

interest and some attraction but Bob

but Bob Katter has engaged with

a number of people simply

because he's spoken about

issues outside of Canberra and

outside of that Canberra focus

and about the experiences of

country people, of farmer, of

primary producers in particular

and how hard that they've been

doing that we all know has struck a chord with many people. He's like Barnaby

Joyce, Thiess a good retail

politician. He manages to cut

through to people mainly in

through to people mainly in the

bush. I'm sure it's got nothing

to do with the fact that

yesterday he was celebrating

his 66th birthday, perhaps giving himself a birthday

present by putting out there

this idea of a brand new

spanking party but there you

go. That's one way to link that

into a bit of attention you might get on that birthday. We're going to be

speaking later on in the

program to Wolf Stefan about that report

that report that will be presented to Parliament House

later on this morning. This is

going to be a conversation

starter in itself as Melissa

and I were discussing. It's

insistent in its view that

really no-one should waste any

more time in discussion about

is climate change real. It's

happening, the eminent scientists argue and what needs

to be done to deal with it is a

hell of a lot more than what's

been proposed by the Federal

Government. And arguably it's

too late, if Australian Government started

Government started action now

it's too late according to this

report to stop some of the more

devastating of climate change.

The subtext of the report is

that Australia's target of

cutting greenhouse gas

emissions 5% of 2000 levels by

2020 is way too low compared to

international standards. This

to me is a key observation in

the report. Reducing emissions

of CO2 doesn't reduce or stabilise its concentrations in

the atmosphere. It slowings the rate of increase

rate of increase of CO2

concentration. To stabilise the

concentration of CO2 it

requires emissions to be

reduced to very near

zero. Nothing. That's no coal industry. Or no coal industry

as it exists at the moment and

so we're talking here about

brand new ways of generating electricity, moving to

gas-fired power stations and

cutting it back to zero. And

very, very quickly as well. None

None of this 20 or 30-year time

frame. So I think that's an

interesting one for us to kick

around this morning. If you'd

like to start off the

conversation on that today send

emails to:

Let's take a look at the

weather now:

The top stories on ABC News

Breakfast - US President Barack Obama says his call for a

2-state solution based on 1967

borders isn't set in concrete.

In a speech in Washington

said it's just overnight President Obama has

said it's just a starting point

and borders would be negotiated

through mutually agreed land

swaps. The Federal Government's

climate commission report to be

released today is warning the

window for action is quickly

closing. The report looks at

the latest data and concludes

the evidence of global warming

is stronger than ever. And a

volcanic eruption in Iceland

has raised more fears of flight

disruptions in Europe. It's

already closed Iceland's

already closed Iceland's main

airport and European

authorities say it could cause

flights to be grounded later in

the week. Now staying with that

volcano in Iceland there are

fears now that ash and smoke

could drift over the UK and

Europe later this week. Authorities there say

they're much better prepared

than last year when a

than last year when a similar

ash cloud caused widespread chaos cancelling thousands of

flights across the region.

flights across the region. The

skies over Iceland today

adorned by nature at its most

speck tack lr but this is a

sight causing alarm for the

rest of Europe. The Grimsvotn

volcano has burst into life

belting ash into the atmosphere

and turning day light into

night. People venturing outside are being urged to return to

their homes while farmers are are rounding up

are rounding up their

livestock. This is the size of

the ash plume when the volcano first erupted last night. Today

it's been growing steadily as

it drifts east wards. This is

its projected position at dawn

tomorrow, just over

Norway. Assuming that the

volcano continues to erupt at

the same pace and concentration

as it is now and if we look at

the upper level winds it's

towards the end of the week the upper level winds it's

when we start to see if there

could be a problem for the

UK. Last year the eruption of a UK. different different Icelandic volcano

grounded thousands of flights

worldwide. Heathrow was a

number of airports effectively

aviation shut for nearly a week but

aviation expert says lessons

have been learned. Most of the

time, most of the flights that

were grounded didn't really

levels need to be. Now we know what

levels are permissible and what

levels aren't and now Europe is

actually talking to, you know,

authorities the European aviation

authorities are set up to talk

to each other. Only Icelandic

flights have been disrupted so

far this time. Air travellers

across Europe will be hoping

that remains the case. You know

we can actually pronounce this

volcano. And it is. Grimsvotn we can actually pronounce this

wh is really early Unlike. What

was the one last year? I still

can't get that. I'm not even

going to try. Let's take a look

at the always volatile markets


To the sport headlines now

and Amy Bainbridge, the French Open tennis is starting to hot up..

up.. It certainly is. It's

kicked off overnight and Sam Stosur hoping to go one better

this year after being runner up

last year. She's bruised

through the first round of the

French Open. She had a m

cofortable 6-2, 6-3 win over

Iveta Benesova of the Iveta Benesova of the Czech

Republic. The match took just 68 minutes. Stosur will now

face the 2008 junior champion

Simona Halep in the second

round. The big upset of the day

was in the men's side of the round. The big upset of the day

draw. It came when Marin Cilic

became the first seeded player

to be eliminated. Lleyton

Hewitt has withdrawn with an

ankle injury. The German world

champion Se bestian Vettel has

increased his lead in this year's Formula One

championship. He won the

Spanish Grand Prix

Spanish Grand Prix overnight.

It's his 4th win from 5 races

this season. He came in 0.6

seconds ahead of Lewis seconds ahead of Lewis hemton.

Australia's Mark Webber

finished 4th after starting

from poll position. Vettel is

on 118 points in the

championship. Hamilton is on 77

and Webber well behind on

67. Back home now and to the

67. Back home now and to the

AFL, West Coast has thrashed

the Western Bulldogs by 123

points in their match yesterday. Josh Kennedy was the

star of the day. He had 10

goals. West Coast was putting

on one of its most dominant

ever displays. The final score

26-19-175 to 8-4-52 was the

highest ever tally kicked by the Eagles and their biggest

The other margin against the Bulldogs.

The other AFL winners yesterday Collingwood staged one of the great turn arounds of the

season producing an 11-goal

Adelaide. They trailed by 5 final quarter to overcome

goals a t half time before

powering home to win by 43

points. And Hawthorn defeated

Sydney in Sydney. To a look at

the NRL and the Roosters had a

win over the Knights and the

Warriors defeated South Sydney yesterday.

yesterday. In a Sydney Football

Roosters looked Stadium arm wrestle the

Roosters looked to an

international for some

inspiration. A quiet Todd quarn

Carney's inside ball for

Anthony Minichiello gave the

home side a handy break but

Newcastle struck back. T two

tries narrowed the final margin

to 2 points. South Sydney's

abysmal away record looked

likely to continue as the

Warriors dominated the first likely to continue as the

half. Twice in the early minutes New Zealand was

denied. And Krisnan Inu was his

own worst enemy as his sprint

into the clear became a trot.

The Warriors did finally break

through. But it was still 6-0

at half time after the unlucky

Inu had put a boot on the

sideline. Souths evened it up

sideline. Souths evened it up

but the first half villain

became the second half hero.

Inu's try and James Maloney's

sideline conversion completed

the scoring. The Wests Tigers

began brightly en route to a

5th consecutive Campbelltown

win. In a scrappy game Penrith

levelled the scores. Then gave

Robbie Farrah too much latitude

Robbie Farrah too much latitude

but Penrith crossed again to

snatch the half time lead. The

error rate spiralled in the

second half but that didn't

apply to Lachlan Coote whose

converted try pushed the

Panthers out by 8. Just as his

side was headed for

adisappointing defeat Benji

Marshall scooped up the ball to

run 80 metres. And a Farrah /Marshall combination put winger Mitch

winger Mitch Brown across for

the match winner. And play just

went from bad to worse. Despite

their defeats the Knights and Rabbitohs remain just outside

the 8. The Eels and Sharks will

complete the round.

Firebirds have become the first

netball team to go through to

the trans-Tasman series

undefeated after a convincing

win over New Zealand's

win over New Zealand's Northern

Mystics yesterday afternoon.

They led by just 2 at half time

but a near perfect third

quarter from goal attack

Natalie Medhurst saw the

Firebirds run away with the

game in the second half.

Working in tandem with Romelda

Aiken the Firebirds at three quarter time held a match win

ing lead. The final score 57-44. It's unbelievable. It's

been an amazing year and

been an amazing year and to

finish it off in that way, the

second half, yeah, so proud of

all the girls. It means obviously absolutely everything. It's been a pretty

full on sort of I guess two

years most of us have been

together and I think it shows

how much of a team we are and,

you know, we certainly play out

there for each other and after

we lost Loz it was a credit for

those girls who came in and

it's unbelievable. Who was it,

it's unbelievable. Who was it,

the soccer players they did

that so we thought can't let

the bloody boys beat us so we thought we'd match them. She

was talking about the Brisbane

haven't gone one better, the

girls are just as good. It's

the first time that's happened

in the trans-Tasman league. A

couple of years ago they could

barely win a game. Over the

last 2 years they've had some

young player worked hard

together. We tried to get the

together. We tried to get the

Firebirds on the show this

morning. They couldn't

guarantee they would be awake

in time, it was a big night.

But perhaps we might be able to

speak to them later in the

week. And Mark Webber so close

but so far away from a big

victory. He had an early pit

stop. This may have been a

tactical error and ran out of

tyres. I don't really know how

that happens. We'll look into

that more later in the morning. Sabotage. Sebastien

Vettel was seen in the

distance. Stheer ould found in

Vettel's dressing room. I know

you're not going to be the only

person having those conspiracy

theories. Very disappointing. After getting poll. But disappointing for him

and you, Michael. Josh Kennedy unfortunately really almost embarrassed your team

yesterday. The rugby league,

there are a few good matches

- Moving on from that. What can

- Moving on from that. What can

I say? Mind you, in the

Bulldogs defence I can say we

didn't have Barry Hall, a noted

match winner. We didn't have a

couple of other key player like

brine Lake who has been out of

form but he's back into form

now. It's not over yet. We were

an under strength team. The

last dog hasn't barked. What I

always think is funny is we're

talking so much about finals

already and we're only in round

9, it's a long season to come.

We'll have to wait and see but it's going to

it's going to be difficult to

bounce back from an awful loss

like that. The fans are

certainly barking mad, that's

one thing. Thanks, Amy. ABC

News breakfast can be watched

live on the web. Visit the main

ABC News website, that's Vanessa, it's a pretty wet morning in the

east this morning. Very wet.

Don't leave your umbrella

behind because run

behind because run is falling

from central Queensland, threw

NSW, Victoria Tasmania and

parts of the SA coast. In

central NSW there's been

recorded 40 mm in less than 24

hours. We've got a low pressure

system in the south-east that

will continue to track east

today. Another cold front will

brush past southern SA today

and then across southern

Victoria and Tasmania tonight

with a cold unstable flow.

Temperatures will drop into the low teens and we've

low teens and we've also got

this great big trough that's

causing the rain throughout

central parts of Queensland and

also down through NSW. For

Queensland a few isolated

storms throughout the channel

country, low cloud pushing over

the coast is causing shmainly in the coast is causing showers

mainly in the south-east. 16 mm

of rain at Cape mrton. A severe

weather warning in NSW with

snow wi mountains with

destructive wind peak gusts

around 125km/h expected above

around 125km/h expected above

1,900 metres. Cloudy with area s of rain and thunderstorms

across most of the State. They

will be heavy at time in the

east. Snow showers will return

to the Alps tonight. In

Victoria cloudy with widespread

showers. They will be heavy showers. They will be heavy at

times up in the north-east.

Snow developing above 1,700 metres with another 38 mm

falling at Mount William in the

south-west. They've almost had

double the monthly average. In

Tasmania windy with widespread

south-westerly shower and a colder

south-westerly change on the way. Snow falling op the highlands. Skotsds dale had a

has 17 mm of rain. In South

Australia, a cool, cloudy and

windy day with showers in the

south, dry and windy in the

north and with more rain over

the weekend. Adelaide's had the weeken nearly 46

nearly 46 mm of rain this month

but they're still about 13

below the average. Over to WA,

patchy low cloud in cool,

southerly winds is triggering a

few light showers but they're

mainly along the south coast.

Of course this system started

Of course this system started

on Friday throughout WA. A

sunny day for the north and we

can expect a windy day for inland areas of the Northern

Territory. Just a few showers

about the north east coast.

Looking ahead to tomorrow,

partly cloudy in Perth but a

sunny day expected in Darwin.

We're also looking a t a shower

or two in Adelaide with a top

of just 16 degrees and some

colder weather on the way for Melbourne.

You're watching ABC News

Breakfast. Still to come -

we'll speak to climate

scientist Will Stefan about the

report being released today

that says global warming is

happening faster than first

thought and we'll take a look

at some of today's newspapers

with Waleed Aly. Leading the news US President

news US President Barack Obama

isn't backing away for his call

for Middle East peace

negotiations based on the 1967

borders but the President is

trying to get Israel back on

side. He's told a powerful

pro-Israeli lobby in Washington

starting point for negotiations that the proposal is a mere

and borders will be based on

mutually agreed land swaps. The

Federal Government's climate commission will release its

first report today warning the

evidence of warming is stronger than ever. It

than ever. It says the latest

data shows sea levels could

rise by up to 1 metre by the

end of the century and the

window for acting is rapidly closing. The Greens look likely

to back a parliamentary inquiry

into immigration detention. The

Opposition will move to set up

a wide-ranging inquiry when

parliament resumes this week.

The Greens say they will

support an inquiry as long as

it looks at mandatory detention. In an detention. In an Australian

first NSW is set to introduce a

mandatory life sentence for

anyone who murders a police officer. The legislation will

be introduced into parliament

this week. It has the backing

of police but civil liberties

groups say it would erode

judicial independence. And

Europe's air safety authorities

are keeping a close eye on

Iceland's most active volcano.

It's erupted sending a plume of

country and smoke and ash across the

country and closing the main airport. Authorities are worried the cloud would drift

across Europe causing airlines

to ground flights. Now as we just mentioned US President

Barack Obama is now trying to

reassure Israel that the US -

it still has US support announcing a Middle East peace it still has US support after

plan that was based on 1967

borders. The President spoke at

a pro-Israeli lobby meeting in

to Washington. It was my reference

to the 1967 lines with mutually

agreed swaps that received the

lion's share of the attention,

including just now. And since

my position has been

misrepresented several times

let me reaffirm what 1967 lines

with mutually agreed swaps

means. By definition it means

that the parties that the parties themselves,

Israelis and Palestinians, will

negotiate a border that is negotiate a border tha different

different than the one that

existed on June 4, 1967. That's

what mutually agreed upon swaps

means. It is a well known

formula to all who have worked

on this issue for a generation. Barack Obama

speaking in Washington

overnight. Israelis and

to the President's Palestinians have been reacting

to the President's call for a

peace deal which would include those mutually agreed land swaps. Despite Ange every over

the plan there is a consensus

that something does need to

change and soon. We cannot

continue to say peace for one

side to continue the occupation

from the other side, not to be

ready to make compromise from

the other side and to continue

whatever we to build sittelments and to do

whatever we are thinking to do

and to behave to the

Palestinian as we are behaving,

it cannot continue. We we

deserve secure peace and we

don't deserve a peace we can't

defend and we have President

Obama, please don't be a

one-term president, be a

president who makes brave

choice, who makes smart, well

inrm foed choices. Don't send

Israel to its death by

supporting policies that

arening wro, that are popula arening wro, that are popular

but wrong. Everything that

Obama had said was motivated by

long and abiding commitment to

Israel's security, that even

the peace that is advocate ing

stems from America's commitment

to Israeli security that the US has geological, strategic,

political security alliances political security alliances

with Israel that are

unshakeable and in that sense

taking into account the changes

in the region, piece - peace is

good for Israel before it's too

late. Now we can bring you news

that's just come to hand and

that's about the Palme D'or

that's been awarded in Cannes. And Terence

And Terence Mallic has won the

Palme D'or for best picture at

the Cannes Film Festival for 'The Tree of Life' which is

that epic film starring Brad

Pitt and Sean Penn, it's not

been released here yet but

reading from the wires here

it's a 2 hour 2 minute

contemplation on the origins of

life and where we go when we

die. That sounds very

die. That sounds very exciting. Interestingly exciting. Interestingly there

was an An award for ta Danish director Lars von Trier who got

himself into all sorts of

trouble after with that segment

we played on Friday where he

basically said he sympathised with Hitler and he saw himself

as a Nazi. His film picked

as a Nazi. His film picked up

at least one award despite all

the cry over his

comments. Kirsten Dunst won

best actress. For her

appearance beside him on that

day. For sitting there doing

this while he was carrying on.

She did thank him during his

speech. She said, "I want to

thank lars for giving me the

opportunity to be so brave in

the film and free." But Lars

von Trier has now been banned

from Cannes although that might

change next time he has a

movie. Some people might see that as falling into the category of category of any publicity is

good publicity. Overseas at

least 16 people have been

killed in a series obomb

attacks in and around Baghdad.

Police are saying at least 14

roadside and carside bombs have

been planted mainly in Shia

areas. The attacks occurred on

the day that British military

operations ended in Iraq. 8

years after Saddam Hussein was

overthrown. On the day Britain's Britain's military operations

formally end, a string of

bombings around the Iraqi

capital. More casualties and more evidence that Iraq is

still a significant way from

enjoying the peace and

stability that the overwhelming

majority of Iraqis hoped for

after the overthrow of Saddam

Hussein. But the final phase of

British operations has been to

train Iraqi naval personnel to

the point where they can

protect Iraq's offshore oil protect Iraq's offshor installations installations, its ports and

the exports that pass through

these waters and that's crucial

to the prospects of a better

future for the country. Around

90% of oil revenue comes from

oil sales. Controversy over

Britain's role in Iraq these

past 8 years erupted, of

course, even before course, even before British

troops joined the invasion.

Most famously when anti-war

demonstrators filled the

streets of central London.

Today Labour's foreign

secretary during the most

challenging period in the

aftermath of the invasion spoke

of its legacy. Iraq obviously

divided not just our country

but divided the whole world

really. It proved how much

easier it is to win wars than

to win the peace and I think

that that is the sort of lesson

that we've got to

that we've got to learn. In the

main British air y of operations around the southern

city of Basra, it had all

started well enough. The soft

hats rather than helmets

symbolic of relaxed engagement

with local people on

patrols. Just get down,

lads. But a few years later

British troops often found

themselves the target.

Incoming! Factional violence

was consuming Basra and

conflict raged across most of

the rest of the country too. By

2009 the tide had turned

sufficiently for the British

combat role to be declared

over. At ceremonies honouring

those who gave their lives in

what's been one of the biggest

deployments of British forces

since the Second World War. Now completed with

Now completed with the sailors'

return. Now it's been said that

natural disasters bring out the

best and worst in human nature.

That's certainly been the case

in Toowoomba. The regional city

was rocked by fatal floods and

inspired by a selfless act of

courage by one brother for

another. But the community was

also appalled as the surviving

youngster was bullied by other kids. This report from the ABC's

ABC's 'Landline' program.

A string of high profile

visitors helped morale as

Toowoomba grappled with that

day in January. Stories of

sorrow and of heros retold and

heard right through to the

upper echelons of power. The

courage it takes for a young

boy, 13-year-old Jordan Rice,

to say to his rescuers "Take my

brother first" and before that

brave rescuer could return

Jordan and mum Donna were taken

by the flood. But the legend of

Jordan's amazing courage will

go on. A hero in the purest

sense of the word. But with all

this good will a nasty

undercurrent was at work ready undercurrent was at work ready

to pounce literally at hit Toowoomba while it was already

down. Headlines then revealing low-lives targeted an bashed 10-year-old Blake

rubbed salt into the wounds the

perpetrators gloated about it

on Facebook. It's unfortunate

this behaviour and I condemn

it, I don't condone it at all

and I believe these people will

be caught because the police have means to track have means to track social

network sites, they have

information and anyway information and anyway are

tracking down the people

responsible for the

bullying. And it's not the

first time the garden city has

had to deal with undesirables

on the Internet. The case of

cyber bullying hitting the

local headlines last year. The

police Internet safety task

force known as Argos and

prominent child psychologists

say teenagers in regional towns

are particularly fast in their

uptake of online tribute pages. So what are these social

networking sites and how do

they work? Police say they start off looking innocent

enough, answer a few questions

about yourself, you can even

keep it anonymous but things

can soon get out of hand. With

all these social networking

sites and predominantly with

tribute pages they're set up

with good intentions in the

beginning. Inevitably somebody

gets on and has an anti-social

blog or puts something

anti-social on or an image on

which is inappropriate and then it seems

it seems to self-generate from

that very quickly within the

social networking sites. So

within a short period of time,

within a few hours we see people adding to that

anti-social behaviour and it

becomes out of control very

quickly. But the story doesn't

end there. Another tribute

site, Great Wall, was found to

be just as menacing to kids in Toowoomba. The Australian

Federal Police in conjunctions

with the FBI kept a close eye

on the Great Wap site and were

able to get the site shut down,

temporarily at least. What

began in the back streets in

the town of Ohio in the US the town of Ohio in the US

midwest was traced to a local

operative in Toowoomba. The

administrator itself closed it

down for a short period of time,

time, I'm led to believe.

Police did a number of

education programs within

schools to get the children

aware of the consequences of

using those social networking

sites. The anti-social

behaviour attached with the use

of some of those sites and that

was very fruitful with educating the children and was very fruitful with

stopping that type of

behaviour. That report on the

ABC's 'Landline' program. Now

they've served in Afghanistan

but could Australian troops

survive in the bush for 2 weeks

with no food or water? Solder

ys training in the Northern

Territory are learning how to

live off the land. And they

have expert instructors, local

Aboriginal women passing on

their bush skills. Undivided

with attention for an army lesson

with a difference. It's their country, they're going to share

some of their local knowledge

with you. This bush classroom

has been set up for members of

the Top End's Norforce division

as well as men serving in the

navy and air force. They will

spend 2 weeks near Daly River,

about 220 kilometres south of

Darwin in survival mode hunting

for food and having to find

water. It's a survival course

but it's mainly teaching bush craft, that's what we're

teaching. It's important that

you understand how it's done traditionally. Traditional

owners from the local area are

giving the men an insight into

knowledge they've put into

practice for

generations. People feel happy

that they're teaching them and

maybe like having these people

learn little bit about our

served culture. Some of these men have

served in Afghanistan but

catching an cooking a turtle is

a whole new challenge. It's

actually crazy because it's

second knowledge to them or it

is their knowledge, they know

everything about it so they

don't have to think about it

whereas we've got to try and

store it in our little memory

banks. This course isn't just

about bush survival skill, it's

also a psychological test so

that the soldiers are prepared

for any unexpected situations.

The group has to stay mentally

tough when they're left for 5

days on their own without a

watch or a compass. Yes, we've

had some people in the past who

haven't been able to cope

psychologically, be it the

environment, be it the

isolation. It's hoped they will

be able to take what they learn

here to use anywhere in the

world. You're watching ABC News

Breakfast, the top stories - Breakfast, the top stories - US

President Barack obasm a said

he's called for a 2-state

solution for Israel and the

Palestinians based on 1967

border isn't set in concrete.

In a speech in cashington

President Obama has said it's

just a starting point and

borders would be negotiated

through mew Kewelly agreed land

swaps. The Federal Government's

climate commission report to be

released today is warning the

window for action is quickly

closing. The report looks a t

the latest data and concludes the evidence of global warming

is stronger than ever. And a

volcanic eruption in Iceland

has raised more fears of flight

disruptions across Europe. It's

already closed Iceland's main

airport and authorities say the

eruption could cause flights to

be grounded later in the week.

We'll take a look at the

Monday papers now and we're

joined by Monash University

lecturer Waleed A lrkedz y.

Good morning, nice to see you Good morning, nice to see you

again. I'm going to start with the climate commission report

because that's taking up a lot

of print today. But what I'm

going to do is look at the way

it's being reported in the

'Sydney Morning Herald' as

compared to the 'Australian' because they're not because they're not radedly

different reports but there's

different emphasis. Start different emphasis. Start with 'Sydney Morning Herald'. This

is very much a report that is

focused on the certainty of the

science. The lead quote being that it that it is exceptionally strong

and beyond doubt and the focus

on the debate that surrounds the reality of climate change. So quotes that are pulled out

of things to do with the

science being attacked by the

media, in the media by many

with no credentials, that there

is a confusing, noisy debate in

the media but by contrast

within the climate research

community our understanding of

the climate system continues to advance strongly. These are the advance strongly. These are the

sort of quotes. A little bit

after that about what the

consequences might be if action

isn't taken quickly. The take

home message basically being

the longer we delay the more drastic the action will have to

be and it's not a linear

relationship. If you act relationship. If you act now then you reduce by something

like 3.7%, if you wait say 10

years then it's 9% a year that

you're going to have to cut

emissions, so that's the thrust

of the 'Sydney Morning Herald'

report. The 'Australian''s

report by contrast is a much

more political one focussing on

really the key elements of the

political narrative that have been dominating the public

conversation. Yes, it does get

into all the science and in

fact does so in a lot more detail than the 'Sydney Morning Herald''s report a bit later

but the lead here is that

statement in the report, that

any carbon tax or any kind of

action on climate change has to

hurt enough to create the

incentive to move to renewable

energies basically. Gas fired in

in the very least. Exactly. So what's happening here is the

'Australian' is placing the political conversation front

and centre in the way it's

reporting it, talking about how

big this carbon tax is going to

have to be, that this is a

report not that plays into the

Government's hands, even though

it's a government established

commission and does send a

message you would think is

favourable for the government

but they're plays into the Greens' hands and specifically

that it plays against Tony Abbott because of a quote Abbott because of a quote I

don't think appears anywhere in the 'Sydney Morning Herald'

report saying that - talking

about Tony Abbott's direction

action policy and saying if

that policy is fully

implemented it has the

potential to lock in even more severe climate change for the

future. So these are aspects

that the 'Australian' are

picking up on. I this I the

contrast is a really

interesting one because it

demonstrates to some degree the

different approaches that the

Fairfax press and at least the

'Australian' are taking. The

'Financial Review' splits the

difference and goes right down

t's page 3 report the middle and so it's page 3

report by Louise Dodson has

both in the same lead focuses

on that Tony Abbott on that Tony Abbott criticism

which it could be read that way, pressure on the Government

an also the commission is

saying the debate is over. So

Louise Dodson has nicely wrapped the three all

together. All which I think is a bit odd personally. Which bit is

is odd? All of it actually

itself will change anything because I'm not sure the report

really. I don't think that the

about whether or not climate real split in the debate is

change is real and I think

people who don't believe it's

real are not going to be

convinced by a report written

by a commission that's

government appointed. I just

cannot see that that's going to

shift any views on that. And

really it comes down in the end

if you're looking at the

practical outcome, it's going

to come down to the politics of

it and the 'Australian''s lead

does identify a major problem,

I think, for the Government.

That is that if you have the

narrative that we need clee mat action but then you do it in a

way that has a lot of

compensation so it doesn't hurt

as much - Or a carbon set way

too low. Which is what the

Greens would argue the

Government is contemplating. Or

an emissions target that's too

situation where the small. You run into this

Government's narrative becomes

harder to sell as a result of a

report like this rather than report like this rather than

easier. Will Stefan is joining

us on the program after 7:00,

it's an interview I urge you

not to miss because you will

hear directly from the

commission itself. Of course

he's not thinking politically

has to walk but the strong at all. What a tight rope he

impression I get from reading

it is that this doesn't give any comfort attal all to Julia

Gillard's arguments or

position. No, and or indeed

is Tony Abbott's. And I mean this

is just, I think, the vexing

nature of this debate is that our politics does not permit for the kind of response that

the scientists are calling for

unless of course you're the

Greens whose political calculations are in a very, very different place. Speaking

of narrative somebody who's got

a very, very simple narrative

is Bob Katter. Well, but one

that speaks to a really significant disaffected part of

the electorate. This is the

'Australian''s front page

talking about Bob Katter musing

that he might set up another

party. He's done this before,

he's careful to say here

there's nothing set in stone,

he hasn't made anything certain

yet. But his focus here, the impetus for this seems to impetus for this seems to be the Victorian and NSW

Independents are being wipedn Independents are being wiped

ctions, in recent out in previous elections, in

recent elections and so the Independents that were elected at federal level have delivered <