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(generated from captions) 40th birthday party at the world's premier we'll do the weather from there tomorrow night. It will be terrific. Beautiful. That will

be lovely. That flower you're

wearing looks like it's a man

eater. It's a little bit

large, don't you think? We've

had such a great season. It's

grown too big. What is it? I didn't hear what you said. What

is it? It's an iris, sorry. I thought everyone would know

that I've told you to wear your

hearing aid, Mark. I'm nearly

60. Thank you. That's ABC

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'7.30 Report' coming up next

and keep up with the latest

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24. Enjoy your evening. Good


Closed Captions by CSI

People can go online and actually purchase credit cards,

they can purchase the expiry

date, they can purchase the name of the individual card

owner. Tonight on the 7.30

Report - the crime of the century, the overseas

cybergangs targeting Australia. They can compromise

other people's computers, other

people's logins, the funds

invariably go overseas. The overall risk to the Australian

economy is probably in the

billions. And, from Hollywood to Homebush - the

transformation of 'Ben Hur'

into a multi-billion dollar dollar stadium spectacular. I

never think I could put a large

boat of 40 metres in the middle

Welcome to the program. For

sheer convenience, there's a lot to be said for the increasingly cashless society

we're becoming, but there is a

dark side. Over the past five years according to the Reserve

Bank, the use of cheques has

fallen to just 3% of non-cash

payments while electronic

payments have risen 35%

averaging 200 transactions for

every Australian, and so creating

creating a haven for

cybercrime. Credit card fraud

last year totalled close to $150 million. The Federal

Police Commissioner has called

for greater cooperation between police

police agencies, governments

and businesses around the world

to confront a problem the AFP

says is now bigger than

traditional crime. Law en

forcement agencies concede they're

they're facing a serious new high-tech challenge and

certainly don't have all the

answers. Business Editor Greg

Hoy reports. I think it's fair

enough to say that the overall risk to the Australian economy

is probably in the billions. It is the crime of the is the crime of the century

ecrime - electronic theft,

daylight robbery. The amount of

crime taking place in the

cyberworld is much more greater

than what we are seeing now in

the real world based on the

fact there's less chance of detection. When we talk about

ecrime we shouldn't limit ourselves to banking. In banking banking we see ongoing pressures in relation to credit

card and debit card skimming, we

we have online attacks in terms

of Internet banking. It's big

enough to make the most audacious armed audacious armed robbery seem positively prehistoric.

Today's thieves leave no smoking gun, few fingerprints

and aided and abetted by and aided and abetted by the

World Wide Web, they know no

borders. This eastern European

cybergang is now wanted by the

FBI after getting away with $70 million, from American companies, councils,

even churches. Such gangs can

and do strike anywhere in the

world, including Australia. It

seems primarily to be coming

out of eastern Europe, but what

we are seeing which is positive

is more cooperation from

authorities in relation to bringing perpetrators to

justice. They can be

international and they can be

local. The common feature they

display I suppose is they can be anonymous, they can compromise other people's computers, other people's logins,

logins, the funds invariably go overseas. Norkom Technologies

advises leading financial

institutions on the use of

cybertechnologies to track and counterattack cybercriminals attempting card or attempting card or online

banking fraud. With this type

of tool we can see here that a particular fraudster in the

middle here is making multiple

payments out to other money mule accounts or other fraudsters and follow the

money. This is a good tool to identify really well-run

organised crime this is crucial in reducing

fraud losses. Like another gang

of 19 hackers intercepted last

week in Britain and the US,

those on the FBI's wanted list use so-called malicious

software, a interrogatoryian virus carried by innocent-looking emails which infect computers capturing

computers, pass words et cetera

to log into online banking accounts. What

greatly is the prolific use of

interrogatoryians and one well-known

well-known one in the

anti-fraud industry is one

called Zeus and Zeus is particularly traditional means of fighting

online fraud such as putting in

virus protection software does

not necessarily stop all forms

of Zeus. The hackers skimming

thousands of dollars into

accounts set up by so-called

money mules, often students who

are paid a commission to then

transfer stolen funds out of the the younger people in

particular need to be aware of

when they get recruited by

these people. You'll find that

mule advertisements will go

into the press quite regularly.

The AFP's working with

banks as we speak in relation

to a muling investigation. The big four Australian banks say

they are on top of the problem,

though only one agreed to be

interviewed. My teams work 24-7

to analyse transactions that may be suspected fraud.

patterns and they're looking at

fraud patterns both here

locally in Australia and around the world to predict what's

going to come next. What's

going to hit Australia next? Some banks have sent

customers a security gadget

like this to issue a new

password for each online

transaction. Others send text

messages to mobile phones, to

check it's actually the

customer who's accessing their accounts. We contact our

customers every day to queery transactions on their credit

cards. We've invested

significantly in the last six

months in anti-skimming

technology on our ATMs and

we're continuing to invest in

new fraud prevention systems

for our customers. One very population sting is called fishing. Fraudsters are sending

fraudulent emails pretending to

be from a bank for example.

That email is coercing the

consumer into either inputting

personal details such as

Internet banking login details

or password information. Scammers are becoming a little

bit more sophisticated. They

are targeting their individuals

that they are going to.

They're able to obtain a fair

amount of personal information about individuals, simple

things like going things like going to content service provider pages and

finding out names, date of birth, interests et cetera. We

get 10-15 fishing incidents

each month and that's low by

global standards. Credit card

fraud meantime has morphed into

a wholesale business. There is

a number of underground forums

where people can go online and they can purchase the expiry date, they can purchase the

name of the individual card

owner. Now the reason they've actually obtained these informations is through things

such as skimming where they've

skimmed and personal details of the individual and they go on

the black market and sell them overseas. The Australian Payments Clearing Association

like the banks, is quick to

claim that card fraud is minor

emphasising 33 cents is lost in

every $1,000 turned over.

Sounds insignificant. Only

later is it mentioned million was stolen last year

alone. So what are the figures

for online banking? They're not gathered and published. For

us, our online banking losses are the lowest of any of the

fraud categories we measure in

the Commonwealth Bank. It would

would be fractions of cents per $1,000 transacted. Measured

like that, armed robbery would

never rate a mention, but in

the UK banks are required by

law to report online losses. The equivalent last year of almost almost $100 million. To

confront credit and debit card

fraud back in 2006, Britain began rolling out pin began rolling out pin code enabled smart cards with computer chips for extra security - technology still

being rolled out for Australian

credit cards, and the Bankers'

Association says the roll-out Association says the roll-out

for debit cards won't begin until next year. Not surprisingly, there's been a

flurry of fraudulent activity

on the debit card front, and

despite 42 arrests this year,

the problem is getting worse. At this worse. At this stage, we've experienced significant EFTPOS

manipulation in Victoria, West

Australia, NSW, Queensland. I

can't get down to specific nationalities, because there

are some ongoing investigations that may be jeopardised in

relation to that, but I can say

they organise themselves and

train in regions which would include North America,

South-East Asia and eastern Europe. Under funds transfer code, customers

are not liable for fraud losses, provided, of course,

they detect them. A number of

people out there become very blaise in relation blaise in relation to checking

their accounts. I know I'm

forever at my own family

members to ensure that they

check their accounts as they

come through and certainly,

report any irrigates. In the

end it's a --

irregularities. It's a

have the right type of

anti-virus software embedded in your

your computer and you actually

really take careful consideration before opening

emails. Banks don't send emails considering and asking

for your personal details, the Australian Taxation Office

doesn't do the same, so people

need to be cautious, they need to be

to be careful and they need to make sure they look after their own protection. Business

Editor, Greg Hoy. In politics today, Shadow Treasurer Joe Hockey has picked a fight with over interest rate rises

outside the official rate

movements set by the Reserve

Bank. Mr Hockey claimed the

banks had intimidated the

Government and treated it contempt, but his demand that

the Treasurer Wayne Swan should

do everything at his disposal

to control the banks may have

backfired. Political Editor, Heather Ewart. The possibilities of the problems

of the paunch later. First,

though, though to that heady

mix of politics and

banking... It was heady stuff

for the Government to pull the

banks into line over interest

rate rises. He recorded this

interview for broadcast on the ABC's 'AM' this morning. There

are a raft of levers that are

available that may be punitive

in measure when it comes to the

banks, but the banks ought to

understand they rely heavily on

a government and a Parliament

that delivers goodwill the banks trade off that

goodwill to gouge the Australian

Australian consumers, then if

the government doesn't move to

put pressure on the banks, the Parliament will. What do

you mean by that? Well, we'll

wait and see. By the time he

went on ABC TV's News Breakfast

program soon after 'AM' went

to air, Joe Hockey was warming

to the theme. Now I would say

to you, it comes down to the

relationship between the banks

and the government and the is the banks are treating this Government with contempt

because they see the Government

as weak and insipid, and it

is. The argument went that the

banks had repeatedly ignored the the Treasurer's warnings

against moving outside the

Reserve Bank cash rate

movement. But what exactly was

the Government supposed to do

about it? You say they could be punitive,

punitive, what sort of punishments do you have in mind

for the banks? I am not going

to be specific, because I am

not fully aware as the

Treasurer would be,

at the moment. But you can be

absolutely sure as I know

having been a former Financial Services Minister, that the

banks have a presence down here

in Canberra and they're

for something somewhere within the Government. And if they're

not doing it now, they'll be asking for something somewhere in the next few months. No

specifics either on what action

the Parliament might take as he

threatened on 'AM' . By now it

was starting to look as though

the Shadow Treasurer was on

some sort of frolic on his own that had caught his colleagues unawares. One thought at first

the comments were coming from

the Greens. This is just

another one of their lunatic

fringe-type ideas, but the problem that the Gillard

Government's got now. They've

got a Green Coalition which is

dragging them to the left of

Australian politics, with all these crazy ideas. Joe

Hockey's talking about clipping

the banks' wings when it comes

to the fees they charge well, I have legislation before the

Senate to do just that. What

can the Parliament do

here? Well the Parliament's got plenty of legislative scope,

but really I think you should raise those questions with Joe

Hockey. I thought as Shadow Treasurer Treasurer you might have some

ideas on this, former Shadow

Treasurer? I'm not aware of any precedent precedent for the Federal Parliament regulating interest

rates, at least in recent

years, but really you should

speak to Joe about that. No ringing endorsement no consultation with Tony Abbott or finance spokesman Andrew Robb before Joe Hockey

upped the ante on the banks.

As events unfolded and

financial experts looked on in

bemusement, the Opposition

Leader tried to offer his Shadow Treasurer some

support. S that Government

which is on this issue just all

talk and no action. Every time

interest rates go up, the

Treasurer goes out there and

says how terrible it is, but

nothing changes. I

a little surprising that a party

party that purports to be in

favour of private enterprise is advocating the Government

dictate to private companies how they price their products. Undeterred by late morning, Joe

morning, Joe Hockey decided to

have another crack, calling a

news conference at Parliament

House. Well, we challenge Wayne

Swan and Julia Gillard to

outline a plan for the future

of banking before the banks do it themselves to their home

borrowers and their credit card holders. I am calling for a

social compact between the

banks, the community and the

Government that focuses on

delivering affordable credit to

Australians, and does not

disadvantage unfairly people

who are borrowing money to buy

their home. And the rationale

for all of this? So much of

what we're doing in Parliament

and in politics generally and

in the media is focusing on the next news grab for the next something that goes to the

structural heart of Australia's

growth. At this point, Joe Hockey's colleagues were

starting to mutter that he was

doing a fair job of seizing the

news grabs all for There was a growing view There was a growing view that

he'd overstretched the mark and speculation that he'd been galvanised into action after

Andrew Robb tested the waters

to take his job soon after the

election. Whatever the

reasons, the Government was out

to have a field day in the

Parliament. I mean, these

people have lost the plot, Mr Speaker. been put forward today by the

Member for North Sydney is a challenge to the independence

of the Reserve Bank and he's

turning his back on 20 years of economic reform. What

Australians want is concrete

action, not populist

rhetoric. As for the banks,

they're feeling very affronted, though not saying so publicly, leaving that to commentators. Well, I'm not

sure I'd say it's amusing.

It's more disturbing or ironic

that the kind of policies that

are being advocated by the

party that normally describes

business as more in common with

the ways that banks are

regulated in what we might call

communist dictatorships than in

what we might call free market

economies. By the way, at news conference, Joe Hockey

finally did manage to rattle

off three or four levers available to Government to

address his concerns, such as funding the residential-backed

mortgage market. Maybe he

thinks he's on an electoral winner with this whole issue,

but there are many in his party

who hope his day in the

headlines won't be repeated Heather Ewart. 'Ben Hur' is

one of the great milestones of

film history. In its day, it

was the most expensive film

ever made winning 11 Oscars and giving Charlton Heston one of

the defining roles of his

career. It featured the most

chariot race ever staged and wrote a new definition for

Hollywood epic spectacles. Now

a French theatrical company has

turned the movie into an arena spectacular staging two shows

in Sydney this weekend. While

much of the focus has been on

the scale of the show and the role of Russell yearator, the show will also

help children in one of the world's most troubled regions.

Thea Dikeos reports. There's a

blue now, a fight breaking

out. Sydney's Homebush stadium

is normally reserved for

gladiatorial contests of the

modern football variety, but in just three weeks it's been transformed into an ancient

Roman amphitheatre. Like in a

big epic movie of Hollywood,

it's doing Hollywood in a

stadium. The story of Ben Hur

is best-known for the 1959 movie starring Charlton Heston, climaxing with the most

celebrated chariot race in

cinema history. Almost 50

years later, a French turned the sword and sandal epic into a stadium

spectacular. Everything I

could put a large boat of 40

metres in the middle of a

stadium. Like the movie, every

detail of the stadium chariot

race is choreographed and

stuntmen ride 32 Australian horses during the race. French singer singer and actor Christophe Heraut plays Ben Hur. Driving a

chariot is very difficult

because you have to know

horses, but not horses in general. You have to know your

horses and they have to know

you. 400 costumes have been sewn, hundreds of sandals,

swords and shields have been

made with great attention to

detail. The original gladiator

Russell Crowe is the narrator Christophe Heraut is keen to

meet the Hollywood star in

person. I hope it will be good

in France, because I will take a photo of him and after "I worked with Russell Crowe". The

majority of the 225 actors in

the cast are Australian. One

of the extras is

of the extras is Sudanese

refugee and Australian citizen

Johnson Ngor . Today is Johnson Ngor . Today is his first day on set. Johnson Ngor

plays a Judaean and after a

costume fitting the meticulous wardrobe staff aren't

happy. It's too Roman. Johnson

Ngor is also part of a team raising funds for a girl's

school in southern Sudan, which

will be known as the Mary

Mackillop College for Girls

. Sudan has been in war for 21

years. In the State we are

building the school at now,

they only have one high school and they would accept students in a year and only one

or two, sometimes three girls

will be accepted in a year in the whole State. Homebush

stadium has agreed to make 'Ben

Hur' a fundraising event

has donated $10,000 to the

project. Mark Rix of Catholic Education has been the liaison

with the production. One of the

areas that was most hard hit by

the civil war is in southern

Sudan, most of that community,

it is their desire to build a

school in their home town and we'd we'd love to help them do it. When Johnson Ngor was just

7, his father fled to Ethiopia

after being persecuted in Sudan

for his political beliefs.

There, he sent for the rest of

the family. We had to walk for

three months walking, crossing

the border into Ethiopia and we

had to cross through the Nile

and my mother drowned in the

River Nile with many other

women and children and we

arrived in Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, Johnson Ngor was

educated at a school run by

Catholic missionaries. It's also where he found out about Australia. I knew about

Australia before when I was in

year 2 about the kangaroo, an

animal that carries

their pouchs. It's a very good

lovely country, I need to go

and see these animals.

Tomorrow, the show will open

and organisers hope it will

draw the same interest it did

in Paris where it was seen by 300,000 people. In France it

was the biggest production done. I've made a lot of big

tours in stadiums with operas

and musicals, but this is more

huge than huge than anything I can think of. For the director, there's

just one worry. In fact, the most annoying thing could be

the weather, because we're

doing a show in plain air, so

if the weather is terrible, if

we have a big, big storm it

could be dangerous for the horses. of rain, we are doing the show.

Thea Dikeos with that report.

Time now for John Clarke and Bryan Dawe on a parliamentary week dominated by Afghanistan.

Stephen Smith, thanks for your

time. Good evening Bryan, it's

very good to be with you. Can I ask about this debate about our role in the war in Afghanistan? Yes, this is very

important, yes. Is the debate a

good thing? I think it's very difficult to argue that a debate is not a good thing. Why

didn't we have one before we went there? There's not time for a debate Bryan, I mean in the deployment of troops,

for example, you often need to

act very swiftly. There are

issues of security and so very

often you're - Making decisions

on the run? No Bryan you're

doing that, you're making very sensible decisions but you are having to make them

quickly. Can you give me an

example? If the building catches fire here we're not

going to debate whether to call

the Fire Brigade. We're going

to have the debate later. But

we're not going to pull out of

Afghanistan - that's the point, the Government and the Opposition agree? Bryan, let me

stress that in Afghanistan our position is that we require certain conditions to be

fulfilled there before our role

will be completed. What does

that mean? Well, it means that we're not going in we're not going in there on some sort of time-based

conflict. Like the 100 year

war? Like the 100 year war or

some reasonably swift in and

out date-based strategy. We're

not doing that. We require

certain things to be the case

before we'll pull out of there. How long do you think

this will go on? The war or the

debate? The war? The war could go

perhaps two. What about our

role increasing in the future?

If you look at the British

Government it's reviewing its defence budget? They're reviewing that just this week.

there's a review of their This is just come through, This is

defence capability going on

now. This is the camel. On the

back, is a detailed list of the pullouts. They're decommissioning the

harriers. With the Navy?

They're scrapping the Ark

what? David Cameron. They're Royal? Replacing it. With


David Cameron? Here it is,

they're decommissioning the Ark

Royal four years early and

building another aircraft

carrier. What for? To carry

aircraft, have they? They don't aircraft. They haven't got any

need the aircraft yet. Why

not? They haven't yet built the aircraft carrier they're going

to carry them on. What's the

point if you haven't got any aircraft? You can't carry aircraft at all. What

aircraft? The aircraft you

haven't got. You haven't got

them yet? At some future point

those aircraft will turn

up. Why? Bryan, you're building an

purpose is to carry

aircraft. Thanks for your

time. No, that's my pleasure,

but can I have that back?

That's an official document. It looks good,

it? I wonder how many of those

they've got. We might buy

them. Better than the Sea

Sprite. Looks like they

fly. Before we go, I'd like to

apologise to our Queensland

audience who last night had

their viewing abruptly

terminated before the end of

the program courtesy of another

one of those mysterious afflicting the ABC at the glitches occasionally

moment. We sympathise with your frustration. That's the

program for the night and the

tomorrow. week. Don't forget 'Stateline'

tomorrow. I'll be back at the same time Monday, but for now,

goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI off the south coast of Australia come to breed. where thousands of penguins to watch. And thousands of people come Unique to this corner of our planet, the Little Penguin, the smallest of all penguin species, in a human world. is battling to survive has sworn to guard them But a dedicated team of scientists from people, predators... summer since records began. ..and this year, from the hottest struggle to hang on As starving chicks for a dwindling supply of fish... and their parents scour the oceans ..what will it take to protect these pocket-sized creatures? This week, to sea for the first time, just as most penguin chicks are going a punishing heatwave hits the island, who've yet to leave home.' causing havoc for those Oh, mate. You are buggered. 'One little penguin called Sammy to feed him. is still waiting for his parents sea, desperately looking for food. They've been missing for days, out at from heat or starvation, Faced with death on land off the coast of Penguin Island? will Sammy now brave the seas the few penguin chicks still on land. Eight-week-old Sammy is one of and waterproof feathers they need Most now have the body weight to brave the sea and find food. Sammy waits, hesitating to join the stampede. He's not the only one dragging his heels. Up at the Wagner's beach house, on top of the cliff, there are two other chicks slow to move out from their home. Stan and Sparky are also eight weeks old but still getting occasional feeds from their parents. Why go to sea to hunt when dinner is home-delivered? But Sammy hasn't seen his parents for two days now. Without them, his only food source lies out beyond the breakers. This hungry penguin watches the other chicks leave. It could be months before they return and years before they have their own penguin chicks. Life at sea will be tough for them. Most won't survive their first year. a while longer Sammy decides to give it before he leaves home for good. He's chosen a bad time to stay. have been unusually hot.' The last few days face at least another day (Over radio) The southern states of sweltering conditions the elderly and the infirm. involving danger for the very young, to stay indoors. Victorians are being urged fire conditions ever... The State is bracing for its worst is baking the island, 'A relentless heat pushing every animal to the limits of survival.' 43 tomorrow. 35...