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Tonight - in the firing line.

The Defence Force slammed over

its treatment of women. It

damages operational

effectiveness. Confidence

oust the Chief restored. The Liberals fail to

Minister. Scientists a step

closer to unravelling the

mystery of Alzheimer's. The

program that's turning

struggling readers into budding

book worms. Good evening, Craig

Allen with ABC News. A culture

that hinders women's careers,

an ineffective system for

reporting complaints and lack

of leadership. Those are some

of the findings of a damning review into the treatment of

women in the Australian Defence

Force. The Australian Human

Rights Commission's report was

sparked by last year's ADFA

Skype scandal where a female

cadet was secretly filmed

having sex with aim ages

broadcast to her class mites. The frontline has been

put on high alert with

recommendations of serious

cultural change. By its nature

the ADF is a workplace

involving inherent risks.

Experiencing sexual misconduct,

harassment and sexual miss

because should never be one of

them. A review into the

treatment of women found staggering ine-Walt in the

ranks. Women make up 13.8% of

the workforce with recruitment

increasing just 1% in the past

decade. Of the 170 star ranked

positions across the Navy, army

and airforce, only six are held

by women. And one in four women

experienced sexual harassment

at work in the last five years. Everything I've

mentioned today comes down to

one thing and that is

leadership. Poor leadership

allows unacceptable behaviour

to take hold. The Defence

Minister has welcomed the report and accepted the

recommendations in

principle. This is, in my view,

a deeply significant report

about the ADF and about the

future of the ADF and about the

ADF being a modern Defence

Force. All 21 recommendations

will now be implemented by

Defence, including the

establishment of an independent

body to deal with sexual

harassment claims, the

recruitment and retention of

more female staff and the call

for more women in senior

roles. The type of deep and far

reaching reform we are seeking

will take time and a sustained

effort from all defence staff

over many years to achieve but

we are committed to tackling

our call turl challenges at

their source. The Human Rights

Commission will measure a

review next year to measure how

well the changes are being

implemented. BHP Billiton is

going back to the drawing board

with its Olympic Dam mine

expansion in South Australia.

It's put the $30 billion

project on hold, risking

thousands of jobs and prompting

a political storm. Chief

political correspondent Mark

Simkin reports. It was meant to

be a massive hole, an open cut

copper and uranium mine one

kilometre deep. Long and wide

enough to hold Adelaide's CBD. It would have been lovely

to get the project up. It would

have been the icing on the cake

for South Australia. The

icing's on ice. BHP has put its

$30 billion investment on hold

and around 8,000 potential jobs

in limbo. We have decided to

study an alternative less

capitalizing alternative. The

company blamed weak commodity

prices and higher capital

costs. BHP's net annual profit

plunged 35 % to $15 billion. There's no doubt this

is a major disappointment for

South Australia and indeed for

the nation. The news rocked the

South Australian Government but

not the Federal one. I must say

I personally am not surprised

at the BHP decision given the

size of the project. BHP's

press release didn't mention

the carbon tax or mining tax

but Tony Abbott and his

possibly of South Australian

MPs certainly did. What we have

seen, I regret to say, from

this Government, is a situation

where good projects have become

marginal and marginal projects

have become impossible. We

South Australians stand here

more in sorrow than anger

today. This is is a

catastrophic announcement for

South Australia. This is a

commercial decision. It is in

no way related to any

regulatory process in

Australia. A short time ago

Maruius Kloppers backed that

up. He told analysts his

decision was based on

construction costs and the

mining tax wouldn't apply to

the project. Perhaps today it's

Tony Abbott who will be mining Olympic Dam for all its

worth. The man who investigated

Craig Thomson's time at the

Health Services Union has

defended the way the case was

handled. An independent inquiry

found the investigation was

flawed and took too long,

prompting Mr Thomson to claim

vindication. Terry Nassios said

the report didn't directly

address the allegations against

Mr Thomson and he insists the HSU investigation couldn't have

been done any faster. Are you

telling us now that extra

resources would not have made

this any quicker, there there

was no way to make this

investigation quicker? I don't

believe in any substantial way,

no. The Government accepts Fair

Work Australia needs better

rules and procedures to improve

its investigations. Katie

Gallaher has survived an

attempt to oust her as Chief

Minister. The no confidence

motion was doomed to fail with

the Greens refusing to back the

move. But it's shaping up to be

a key issue, Labor's management

of the health system. It's toppled Chief Ministers in the

past but the no Malaysian against Katy Gallagher didn't

stand a chance. They didn't

make a case and therefore we

could not support this motion

today. The motion was prompted

by the Canberra Hospital data

doctoring scandal but the Opposition's concerns went

further to cover the Chief

Minister's handling of the

health portfolio. When you add

the decline of our health

system, when you add the

failure to be up fronts, there

is a compelling case to move no

confidence in the Chief

Minister. I'm the first person

to say the health system is not

perfect. What you have got to

do, when problems are

identified, thuv to fix them,

address them and make sure they

don't happen again. That's the

be job of a minister. For three

hours the chamber debated the

doomed motion. The Leader of

the Opposition is demean ing

the chamber with this pathetic

stunt. If this issue is that this is not of sufficient

weight to be debating in the

assembly, that's a joke. I

think that is an offensive proposition. For the Canberra

Liberals to put themselves into

that picture and be the ones

who are finding this is all too

tough and to be offended , I

find offensive. After every

Liberal member used their full

quota of time for the debate,

the motion was voted on and, as

expected, failed. This has been hanging over my head for a

while. Now the matter has been

dealt with. We can now get to

the business of the rest of the

week. Which will be crammed

into three long days and three

very long nights. There are

calls for an independent

inquiry into the Reserve Bank

bribery scandal. The bank is

facing claims that two of its subsidiaries that sprint money

bribed foreign officials with

millions of dollars to secure

new business. An RBA memo

leaked to the ABC shes shows

the bank's then Deputy Governor

knew about the bribery claims

in 2007. But the bank's

Governor Glenn Stevens told a

partary committee that the

board only became aware of the

allegations when they were exposed in the press in

2009. If in fact they knew

about it as far back as 2007

but paled to go to the police,

there are some very serious

questions to answer. In a

statement, the RBA said:

But the Greens say there is a

dark cloud hanging over the

Reserve and the case for an independent inquiry is overwhelming. For the first

time a senior Syrian Government

official has held out the

possibility of President Assad

resigning as part of a

settlement to end the conflict

in the country. Syrian Deputy

Prime Minister, Qadri Jamal was

in Russia and said the regime

was prepared to discuss Assad's

resignation but he said it

would be un democratic for the

President to resign before the

start of a national dialogue.

Back in Syria, there were

reports of another 130 people

killed across the country in

continuing violence. Aleppo was

again one of the hardest hit.

These unverified pictures are

said to show the aftermath of

Government attacks. And Japan

press has released the last

pictures taken by its

journalist in Aleppo. She was

killed after being caught in

crossfire earlier this

week. The family of a Sydney

Sheikh killed in Syria say they

have no regrets over his death.

Mustafa Al-Majzoub was killed

by rocket fire as he helped people injured in a Government

attack. He had been in Syria

since April, supporting the

effort to oust Bashar

al-Assad's regime. Hassan

Al-Majzoub sits in his backyard

surrounded by family and

friends. The death has struck a

nerve in this part of

Sydney. Not only the family,

but the whole community is in

mourning. It's a very, very sad event. Mustafa Al-Majzoub was

30, a high school teacher,

cleric and a youth worker. He

watched events unfold m his

homeland with horror. To see

what is happening in Syria

today, for 10 minutes I can't

see without tiers coming from

my eyes. In April he decided to

leave his wife and three

children to help. Online he posted:

He was giving humanitarian

support to those opposing the

Assad regime. On Monday, he was

killed by rocket fire. Mustafa

has been killed while trying to

assist injured people after a

bombing. He went to assist the

injured people and another set

of bombs came to the same spot

and killed Mustafa. In Sydney

the reaction has been

overwhelming. Hundreds have

joined mourning. A complete

stranger handed Mustafa

Al-Majzoub's widow the keys to

a brand new car. I'm proud of

my brother. I consider it as

being a duty. The thing that

terrifies me is that I suspect

when the fighting is over, when

the Government is in some sort

of transition, we will begin to

have reports that confirm mass

crimes and other atrocities.

This is not a place where

Australians should be. 160 Australians are believed to be

in Syria. Australian scientist

versus made a major

breakthrough that could lead to

new treatments for Alzheimer's

disease. They found an

abnormality in the brain cells

offal Symesers patients that

causes the cells to die faster.

They believe they have found a

way of correcting the problem

in the lab. For more than 100

years since Alice alzymer first

identified the problem, it's

been known the brains are cluttered with two proceed

tense. But exactly how they

cause the devastating damage we

now know as Alzheimer's disease

remained a mystery. Now

scientists at the Queensland

Brain Institute and the Harvard

Medical School are closing in,

discovering the mitochondria

sub cells are much longer than

in healthy brains. Having elongated mitochondria has

functional consequences so it

causes a cell to die

faster. Seen here, clustered

around the nucleous of a brain

cell, the enlarged mitochondria becomes sluggish and moving

more slowly. Crucially they

star of the cell of energy. We

are finally getting down to the

fine detail of what happens

inside the cell. Scientists

found the presence of the

protein interrupts mitochondria

constant process of fusing and

splitting again. In the lab

when they shortened the

mitochondria, they went back to

be the brain cell's

energiser. By changing the size

back to normal, it's possible

to restore the function. The

last two-and-a-half years

research were an investigation

of an incidental

discovery. Totally by chance

they found there was a change

in the size of these

mitochondria. I thought it was

that important to the process

and it's turned out to be so. 280,000 Australians have

Alzheimer's. By hidden tri,

that will be around a million,

unless a cure is found.

Scientists say it remains a

complex puzzle but now at least

they have a new and vital clue.

The pressure is growing on US

Republican Congressman Todd

Akin to pull out of the Senate

race after his comments on rape

and abortion. Mitt Romney has

called on his fellow Republican

to withdraw, saying the

comments were offensive and

wrong. Mr Akin said in cases of

what he called "legitimate"

rape, it's rare for women to

get pregnant. He has apoll Pies

jiesed for his choice of words

but says his critics have

overreacted. The mistake was in

the words I said, not in the

heart I hold. The Republican

has reaffirmed its opposition

to abortion with no mentions of exceptions for exceptions for rape. Wildfires

continue to go through Europe.

It's been Spain's worse fires

in many years. More than 500

firefighters have been battling

this blaze in Castilla Leon.

People have been evacuate in

the areas of southern Bosnia

where fires have been burning

for week. 20 major fires are

burning through Greece,

including this in in Chios

Island where large trakts of

forest have been wiped out. A

fire on Queensland's Darling

Downs have renewed fears about

the coal seam gas industry. The

bore is burning in a field.

There is no idea how long it's

been burning but it's raised

questions about the safety of

CSG dwilg. There are

environmental concerns over

coal seam gas. This hole has

been burning unchecked since it

was discovered at the

weekend. We have these fears

about what CSG can do to our

groundwater systems and

releasing methane and not

expecting this to creates

concern. Ian Hayllor is a

nearby farmer. He has been

appointed to a state commission

to manage the co-exist tense of

CSG and industries. It

shouldn't be burning. That

should be trapped hundreds of

metres below the ground. Arrow

Energy has many CSG wells but

it says it's not to blame for a

coal exploration well drilled

decades ago There has been gas

coming out of bores for many

years. The gas can escape

naturally and it can escape via

a bore, a well, a hole, whatever. On ABC Radio, the

company stopped short of guaranteeing it's not

responsible. That's right. It's

a very complex system, Steve.

There are different factors in

there, different geologies that

play. You can't say it's our fault. The State Government

says there's no evidence

linking CSG to the fire. With

help from Arrow Energy and

another company, Peabody, which

mines coal nearby, it's device

a plan to put the fire out and

plug the hole. It's incredible

the whole lot of them got

together, the petroleum

industry and mining industry to

fix the problem, find a solution and then investigate. Once this fire is

put out, there are key

questions to be answered, not

least how could this fire

happen and could it happen else

where. The President of Ecuador

has issued a blunt warning to

UK authorities that any attempt

to forcibly remove Julian

Assange from its London embassy

could provoke retaliation. Ecuadorian television provided

a glimpse of WikiLeaks

founder's life inside the

embassy where he has been for two months. British authorities

say they have legal grounds for

entering the embassy but the

Ecuadorian President says that

could be disastrous.

TRANSLATION: It would be

suicide for the United Kingdom to enter the Ecuadorian Embassy. It will set a

precedent that would allow UK

diplomatic premises in other

territories to be violated

later on. However the President

also said he's prepared to

negotiate over the fate of

Julian Assange. Britain's

former top spy has delivered a

scathing assessment of Assange,

accusing him of doing a

disservice to his own mission

of increasing transparency and accountability. Dame Stella

Rimington has addressed a

Congress of world archivists.

She says the release of sensitive information has

driven those in power to act

with greater secrecy. More and more information will be

protected in more and more

complex ways, contributing to

less rather than more openness

and less information than ever,

being available for the public about what's being done in

their name. She says the UK's

recent Leveson and Iraq war

inquiries shown that more and

Morrow figures business is

being conducted through texts,

emails and private discussions,

posing threats to

accountability. The Kremlin is dismissing the barrage of

international criticism over

the jailing of three members of

the Russian punk band Pussy

Riot. Police now say they are

investigating other members of

the band and supporters have

vowed to intensify their

protests against President suit

suit suit. - Vladimir Putin. It didn't take long for the world

to react to the Pussy Riot riot

sentence. Supporters took to

the streets in dozens of

cities. In Ukraine, a topless protester targeted an orthodox

cross. In New York, this image

was projected on Russia's

consulate. The husband of one

of those convicted says the

verdict was expected in the

Russia of President Vladimir

Putin. The best reaction you

can show in the face of a

dictator is laugh in hissies

face. The band is a collective

with 10 members. They have vowed they will keep going. On

the day of the verdict they

released a new single, "Putin

lights up the fire'. Coverage

of the band has been

relentlessly negative but many

in the Opposition believe this

reenergise the protest movement

against Vladimir Putin. It is

showing to the whole world

people who loudly speak

critically of the Government,

they will not be tolerated in

this country, they will be

crushed and sent to prison. Vladimir Putin has done

something else. He has given

demonstrators a new rallying

cry "free Pussy Riot". After a

41 second performance at this

cathedral, a formerly obscure

group of punk rockers is one of

the most famous bands in the

world. For those whose reading

and writing skills aren't up to

scratch, learning can be a

daily challenge. Now a new

literacy program launched in

Canberra's south is giving high

school students the leg up they

need. It's having remarkable

results and there are plans to

expand it. Reading hasn't always come naturally to

Jordan. I wasn't into books

because they took forever. Now

the 134-year-old reads with

ease. She is one of 10 local

high school students identified

as eligible for an early

intervention program. We

weren't looking for necessarily

the lowest performing students

but students who we could see would engage with the

program. The classes are

designed to dramatically boost

literacy levels, providing the crucial foundations needed for

later life. We live in quite a complex information-rich

society and access to high level literacy skills is important for young people to

make that transition into the

adult world. It's a unique program, using the facilities

of a local youth group and

tutors from the University of

Canberra. The results speak for

themselves. If you don't try to

wake him up, go to page

3. They have started going

home and reading their own

novels. They get novels as part

of this program. All of the

kids are reading a lot more

literature and books. Some of

the young people could never

read a book at all. Now most have read more than four

books. All have firm favourites. 'Diary of a Wimpy Kid'. Damn Captain captain captain Canberra's literacy

rate is below the average

level. We know how we need something as a turnaround for

them, something that will

switch them back into reading their academic

learning. Funding has been

secured for the program to

continue next year, helping

more potential book worms. To

finance now. BHP led the local

share market slightly lower

today. The Australian dollar

eased back as well. Here is

Alan Kohler. It was a very

small drop today leaving the

All Ords above 4400. The main

influences were Woodside and

BHP, especially Woodside which

dropped 3% after disappointing

the market with a 1.9% decline

in profit. BHP's profit drop

was pretty much expected. Its

shares fella third of 1%.

Elsewhere CSL got a profit up

despite a $100,000 foreign

exchange loss. Pacific Brands

changed CEO. Seven Wests profit

doubled and that was expected

and Suncorp's profit rose 60%

and that was no surprise. There

were some surprises today.

Skilled Group and Seek came out

with police and surprises while

Arrium, the former One Steel disappoint world a profit fall

of 75%. On global markets there

were falls on Wall Street and

in Asia while markets in Europe

went up last night even though

it has emerged the French

authority has ground to a halt.

GDP is zero and it's slipping

into recession along with

Spain, Italy and Germany. I

thought this chart of the main

New York index, the S&P 500 was

worth passing on. It's got the

dreaded triple top which sbad

omen for those Mystics who

watch the charts. It's a

variation on the old head and

shoulders formation which is

also bad. Here is that triple

top in its historical context

looking at the chart since

1928, looks positively peaky.

The Australian dollar is having

a trip em bypass. Three

attempts to get past 1.10 a and

failed three times. It headed

south again, even though commodity prices are rising

again. That's finance. Newly

appointed coach Laurie Daley

has invited Ricky Stuart to be

involved in next year's series.

Daley says he wants to finish

off the job Stuart started.

Laurie Daley was one of the

Blues' most successful

captains, leading them to three

straight series wins in the

early 1990s after seven years

of maroon domination, Daley

wants a younger generation of

Blues fans inform experience a

series win. I know what it

means for every kid in New

South Wales to go to school and

how disappointed they are when

New South Wales lose because I

was one of those kids. Although Ricky Stuart stepped down to

coach Parramatta, Daley still

wants him to have a role with

the Blues. We are planning on

meeting later this week. Well

have a huge influence on next

year's series. Daley today is

the latest member of the

Raiders premiership teams to

land an Origin coaching job.

Got a good brain for football.

If he didn't go into

commentary, would have gone

into coaching any way. He will

be fine. The mind games with

Queensland coach Mal Meninga

have started already. I don't

know whether I will ring him.

He may have to ring me. One

thing he won't have to worry

about is the head coach taking

his chair. I get reminded of it

everywhere I go. I want the big

movie director's chair. It's

the least Laurie Daley will get

if he plays a lead role in an

epic victory next year. Australian cyclist Simon

Clarke scored a memorable stage

win on day four of the Tour of

Spain. He snuck past his German

opponent nearing the end of a

mountainous 160 kilometre trek.

COMMENTATOR: Tony Martin has

given up. Simon Clarke gets the

biggest win of his career. His

win was overshadowed by this

reaction from fourth-placed

gars grs gars. He thinks he's

won the stage. I think he

thinks he's won the stage. The

Tour of Spain is considered

part of road cycling's Grand

Tour which includes the Tour de

France and jeer jeer. On to our

weather now. It took a while

but we did reach a top of 19 degrees although the morning

was a cold one and a chill wind

made it feel cooler than the

thermometer would have us

believe. It was even better

over the border though. Lovely

weather down the coast: There squlr

Before we go, a brief recap

of our top story. The

Australian human rights

commission has released a

damning review of the treatment

of women in the Defence Force.

It found women's careers was

hindered. And that's the news

for now. But stay with us for

7.30 with Leigh Sales. Thanks

for your company. Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI. This Program is Captioned

Live. Welcome to 7:30. Tonight

- boom and bust, is Australia's

mining bonanza coming to an

end? We've seen the start of a

slowdown there that I expect to

last quite a long time. And the

power struggle for control of

Bob Katter's Australia

Party. They are autocratic,

they are ruthless and they are

far right religious zellots.

Also tonight we'll have an

interview with the Opposition

Leader Tony Abbott. They once

called it the big Australian,

but its profits are shrinking.

BHP Billiton today announced a

35% fall in its earnings and

shelved plans to expand its

mining operations at Olympic

Dam in South Australia. It's

more evidence that the

resources boom has peaked. Now,

some leading analysts fear the