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Live.

Tonight - flight from Aleppo.

Syrians take refuge in Turkey

as bloody battles rage on.

Another twist in the Canberra hospital data doctoring

saga. Why has she been

deliberately deceiving the

community? I have always told

the truth, always answered

every question. The greatest -

US swim star Michael Phelps

rewrites the record books. The

death of one of America's most

celebrated writers, Gore Vidal.

Good evening, Craig Allen

with ABC News. President Bashar

Al-Assad is calling it a

crucial battle for Syria's

destiny. Tonight the

Government's assault on Aleppo

appears to be faltering, with rebels claiming a number of

significant victories. But

there are widespread concerns

amongst the population about

the Free Syrian Army's ability

to offer protection from the

regime's forces. ABC Middle East correspondent Matt Brown

reports from Syria. The rebels

say they've come too far and

the people have paid too heavy

a price to ever give up. At

Free Syrian Army bases

throughout the country side,

they are readying now for the

next phase in the battle for

Aleppo. This man defected from

the Police Force last year and

he says he will never turn back. TRANSLATION: God

willing, the regime will fall.

It is martyrdom or victory and

we'll fight till the last boy

if we have to. The rebels say

they've seized two police

stations in Aleppo, the battle

for this one lasted 11 hours.

And they may have just gained a

more lethal advantage in the

war, with reports they've

acquired nearly a dozen

surface-to-air missiles.

Thousands of civilians are

fleeing but many more remain

trapped in the divided city. The United Nations says their

exit routes are being blocked

by armed gangs. Thousands of

frightened residents are

seeking shelter in schools,

mosques, public buildings.

These are the people who

haven't fled the city, haven't

had the means or feel that it

is too dangerous to make that

journey. While world attention

is focused on Aleppo, the

Syrian Army has been punishing

villages that support the

rebellion, and it's hurting

morale. Here the graffiti

declares freedom and likens

President Bashar Al-Assad to a

donkey. After a protest last

week, five people were killed

in an artillery

strike. TRANSLATION: I'm not

afraid of the regime but the

people are afraid because it

will kill women and children

without hesitation. The shells

hit around 15 minutes after the

protest passed through, a

likely sign local informers

called in the artillery. There

is a strong sense of doubt here

the rebels can protect their

supporters. For all the defiant

talk you hear in the rebel-held

towns, there is overwhelming

fear and it is not just the

shelling and the rubbles. There

are doctors too afraid to keep

the names of their patients and

mourners so afraid they will

bury their dead in secret. It

is the fear of the people that

believe the regime could return

to these streets at any time. A

boat carrying 69 Tamil asylum

seekers has arrived undetected

off WA's far north-west coast.

The boat was spotted early this

morning at the Cocos Islands.

Four men swam ashore through

the surf to alert locals to its

presence. One of them told

residents the boat contained

men, women and children. Jack

O'Donnell was one of the first

to spot the men and says they

were hungry, thirsty and

exhausted. You could see lots

of dark bodies on the boat, it

was fairly crowded and, as I

say, we were just worried they

might try and traverse the surf

which would be dangerous, it

would be catastrophic because

it is jagged reef. The asylum

seekers will be transferred to

Christmas Island. Customs

hasn't been able to confirm any

details about the rival.

Another boat carrying 43 asylum

seekers was detected north of

Christmas Island this morning.

The Opposition is keeping up

the pressure on the Chief

Minister over the fudging of

Canberra Hospital figures. The

Liberals say gal gal gal met

the woman at the centre of the

hospital scandal on holiday in

the south of France and she has

lied about the extent of their

relationship. For her part, the

Chief Minister says the French

connection was a coincidence

and the Opposition is

muck-raking before October's

election. The hospital scandal

has cost one woman her job and

the Opposition is hoping to

claim the scalp of another. Why

has she been deliberately

deceiving the community? I

have always told the truth,

answered every question. When

news of the data tampering

first broke, gal gal gal

revealed she had a potential

conflict of interest and stood

aside from the investigation. I

did say and I indicated I knew

the officer, I knew her in a

professional capacity and there

was a close personal connection

to a family member of mine and

all of that information is

correct. They spent time on

holidays together in the south

of France. Kate Gallagher has

been deceiving the public about

the nature of the relationship

and the question is why. The

Chief Minister says the only

reason they met on holiday is

they were both meeting the

Chief Minister's city. It was

clear to me I needed to protect

the privacy of some individuals. The Chief Minister

did the right thing, she

declared there was a personal

relationship and stepped down.

We have now got into a brutal

invasion in someone's

privacy. It goes to motive and

raises connection with her

relationship with the

scandal. The finding said there

was no wrongdoing by myself or

my family member. Perhaps I

would have imagined that would

have been the end of the

personal mud-raking element to

this story. But with an

election in sight, it seems the

muck-raking has only begun.

The Canberra nursing home

that was sanctioned by

authorities for failing to

provide adequate care earlier

this year is to undergo an $8

million redevelopment.

Anglicare says its Ginninderra

Gardens facility will provide

high-quality aged care but some

of the residents will be

displaced by the redevelopment

and some staff will lose their job. Ginninderra Gardens has

been under Federal Health Department sanctions since

January. The alampl was raised

when residents complained their care needs weren't being

properly met. It was of great

concern to us given I had

personally offered assurances

we would maintain standard in

care for residents. The

sanctions lapse tomorrow after

44 standard were met in two

successie audits. Anglicare has

announced it will spend $8

million in redevelopment. It

will become a high-care

dementia care facility which is

badly needed in Canberra and

the nursing home will become a

specialist high-care facility

for people with complex

needs. Operations at the

nursing home will be wound down

and up to 40 residents will be

forced to leave. Anglicare says

it will liaise with other aged

care facilities in Canberra to

find extra beds. Very

regrettable we have to ask some

people to leave but we can't

have buildings redeveloped with

residents in place. Residents

and their families were

notified of the changes by

letter yesterday. They say they

are extremely disappointed with

the lack of communication by

Anglicare. Some have started

looking for alternative

accommodation for their loved ones but have been told because

the facility isn't closing,

they won't be offered a

priority placement. You may not

have a lot of choices about

where they can go to and what

services are available, so it

is a very difficult process to

manage. 130 jobs also hang in

the balance. Anglicare says

there will be staff

redundancies and it is still

working through the details.

The first stage of the

redevelopment is expected to

begin next year. Breers ACT

clubs are claiming a win after

the ACT Government announced

plans to tweak its proposed

gaming machine laws, but

they've angered anti-pokeys

campaigners. Last year the

government announced it was

changing the rules. It wanted

to further cap the number of

poker machines in the

Territory, limit ATM

withdrawals in venues and

ensure social impact studies

were done before moving

machines to new sites. Now the

Government wants each of those

rules to be more flexible. I don't call them drastic

changes, I call them practical,

supportive changes of the clubs

industry and certainly, as I

understand it, they would

welcome them. No matter which

way the ACT Government spins

it, this is a major concession

to the gambling industrile . It

is a cop-out in terms of

community interest and means

more Canberrans will be hurt by

poker machines. Medals for

Australia and a new record for

American swimming superstar

Michael Phelps have been

overshadowed by continued

conjecture over China's swimmer

Ye Shiwen. After shattering the

world record in the 400m

individual medley, the teenager

added a second gold in the 200m

individual medley, just

overpowering Alicia

Coutts. Things have turned

murky at the Olympic pool.

Alicia Coutts' silver medal in

the 200m individual medley was

the main highlight for

Australia on day four of the

games but Ye Shiwen is still

fielding questions about her

swim on the opening night in

the 400m event when her final

50m was faster than the men's

champion. With a bronze and

gold already in hand for those

Games, Alicia Coutts was

looking for more. As they

turned the last leg of the 200m

individual medley, Ye Shiwen

sped away, leaving Coutts with

silver. Coutts Valiant at the

moment. Ye Shiwen wins the

double. I obviously knew she

has a really good last 50. In

that last 50, I gritted my

teeth and put my head down. Her

team mate and former champion

Stephanie Rice came in fourth.

Bronte Barratt went into the

200m freestyle as the fastest

qualifier but American Alison

Schmitt had other plans. For

this Queenslander, bronze is

this Queenslander, bronze is

beautiful. Had no idea, I can't

believe, I saw I got bronze by

0.01, lucky I put my head

down. She is so excited, she

wanted an individual medal, it

is fantastic. The missile is

back on target. James Magnussen

resurfaced for his 100m

semi-final and qualified

fastest after his re lay

reality check. He has recovered

from the disappointment of the

second day. It just shows his character. American Michael

Phelps was back on familiar

ground - he has now stood on

the podium 19 times in his

career, making him the most

deckrated Olympian ever. More

all that, Ye Shiwen's performances here have been the

talk of the Olympics. Facing

the world's media, she denied

any drug use. The story has

become something of a

diplomatic row as well with

headline s like these in the

papers, the Chinese accusing

the US of sour grapes for

suggesting something sinister

is going on. British Olympic

bosses say she has passed the

drugs test and it is time she

enjoys the success. That is

the end of the story. Let us recognise there is an extraordinary swimmer out

there. At a young age, it is

possible to break your time or

your best time by 5 or so

seconds. If there is any X

Factor behind her runaway

success, perhaps it is her

Queensland coach Ken Wood. He

reckon s it is just plain hard

work. After a starring role in the Opening Ceremony, the Queen

has enjoyed more success at the

Olympics with her granddaughter

Zara Phillips taking a silver medal in the equestrian team

event. Australia missed out on

a medal but all eyes were on

Phillips. Duncan Huntsdale reports. The Royal box at

Wimbeldon had nothing on this.

As Zara Phillips aimed to

become a member of the first

Great Britain team win since

the 1972 line-up, that included

her father Mark Phillips. The

home team was edged out by

Germany. Phillips received the

silver medal from her motor

Princess Anne. Lovely. The

Australian team, which was down

to Chris Burton, Andrew Hoy and

Lucinda Fredericks, finished

sixth. We were quietly

confident of picking up a team

medal and we are a strong

nation, for whatever reason, it

didn't come to be. I

didn't come to be. I think more

than thing it was bad luck. The Hockeyroos defeated Germany

3-1. Australia's men's water

polo team notched its maiden

win but the Boomers are

winless, Australia lost by 12

points to Spain. It wasn't

smooth sailing for Nathan

Outteridge and Iain Jensen in

the 49er class. A disaster. Anyway recovered and

- they recovered and hold the

overall lead. Australia is on

top in two other classes.

Rachel Bugg and Loudy Wiggins

narrowly missed a medal in the

10m synchronised event. Kynan

Maley finished sixth in the

men's C1 final. Lleyton Hewitt

upset Marin Cilic to book a

third round match against the

world number two Novak

Djokovic. The distracting and

sometimes destructive effects

of social media are in the

spotlight of the Games. A

British athlete has been

advised against using Twitter

after being sent an offensive

Tweet and Australian officials

are counselling their athletes

to keep their eyes off the

phone and on the prize. To

Tweet or not to Tweet, that's

no longer the question.

According to organisers, that

horse has bolted. The IOC

Olympics, we have about 15

million social media fans, we are encouraging people to take

part in social media. But it is

the effect on athletes that's

in question. British Olympic

officials have advised champion

synchronised diver Tom Daley to

avoid Twitter after he received

tasteless text about his late

father. A virtual lynch mob

ensued and it led to the

Tweeters arrest. An American

journalist has had his Twitter account temporarily suspended

over actions he took

criticising NBC, a commercial partner during the Games.

Australian athletes have begun

self-imposed technology fasts.

James Magnussen credited his positive outlook to avoiding social

social media. Our advice to our

athletes is resist this

temptation and get on with what

you need to do in getting

yourself ready. This is the

Olympics. An emotional Emily

Seebohm backed down from her

post-race confessions she had

been too folkused on Facebook

and Twitter when she won

silver. I don't think Twitter

and Facebook cost me the gold

medal. I think me, myself, cost

me the gold medal. Australian

Chef de Mission Nick Green has

told his athletes not to get

too caught up in social media

banter and focus but one

champion has said she can see

the up soid side. It is a way

for people to understand the

athletes and see that side but

for the athletes it is a way to

make sure they focus as

well. The sheer number of

Tweets is undoing events.

Coverage at the men's road race

at the weekend was compromised

by an overloaded network.

Perhaps the smiling faces on

these stamps will prompt a

return to snail mail. Australia

has its sights on the second

gold medal in the pool. James

Magnussen qualified fastest for

the 100m freestyle and is

confident the relay defeat is

behind him. That's all from the

Olympic stadium. One's a global

rock star, the other is the

Treasurer of Australia. But

apparently Bruce Springsteen is

helping shape Wayne Swan's

economic policies. Mr Swan has

taken the American rocker's

lyrics to heart showing no

retreat and no surrender in his

attacks on Australia's mining

billionaires. Here is chief

political correspondent Mark

Simkin. The acting Prime

Minister unplugged. Poor man,

wannabe rich. Rich man wannabe

king and a king ain't satisfied until he rules everything. Springsteen classic

is a favourite Wayne Swan song.

It turns out the Boss is his

economic inspiration.. We are

in many ways the Springsteen

generation. Channelling the

inner Springsteen, Wayne Swan

reprised his attack on Clive Palmer, Twiggy Forrest and Gina

Rinehart. I don't regret a word

of it, not for a second. My

only regret is not going hard

enough. Making an unusual

approach even more than unusual

.... I first started listening

to Springsteen's music in the

early 1970s. The Treasurer

previewed his Springsteen

speech on YouTube wearing a

Eric Clapton T-shirt. Sometimes

I think the cleaners in the

Parliament House must think

there is something weird going

on in the Treasurer's

office. Weird? The Opposition

thinks so if If that's

thinks so if If that's the

benchmark, we might as well

have Molly Meldrum and Glenn A

Baker running the country. I

don't mind the Boss but more of

a Bob Dylan man. The answer to

the next question, 'Blowing in

the Wind'. I am in a tragic

from the 70s, an ABBA fan. I am

not sure if that fits into the

description of man of the

description of man of the

people. # No Whyalla wipeout

there on my TV #. In a household with three young

girls, I seek respite in

anything other than One

Direction. I am inspired by a

lot of other people, Adam

Smith, or John Stewart Mill or

a Menzies. The Treasurer's got

people talking but not everyone

in Labor is singing his praises. MPs who are

praises. MPs who are still

recovering from Craig Emerson's

performance is scratching their

heads. One told the ABC the

cabinet has turned into a

karaoke club, another

complained the Government isn't taking itself seriously

enough. A discovery about

prostate cancer suggests future

cases could be preventible.

Scientists say two common

viruses show up in more than

half of all prostate cancer

samples they have studied and

there is already a vaccine

available for one of them.

Sophie Scott explains. The link

between cancer and viruses is

well known. Certain strains of the Human Papillomavirus can

cause cervical cancer, while

the Epstein Bar virus is

implicated in head and neck tumours. Researchers have found

the two viruses in prostate

tumours. We have been looking

at viruses known to cause

cancer and we have been able to

identify them in prostate

cancer. Approximately 50% of

the samples contain Papiloma

and Epstein Bar virus which is

high. Scientists looked at 100

samples. The purple spots on

the slide show the presence of

both viruses. While it is too

early the viruses cause

prostate tumours, scientists

suspect they interact to change

the cells. We suggest that they

could be causal because both

are known to cause cancer in

other organs like the cervix so

it is suspicious. The good news

is if the Human Papillomavirus

does cause some cases of

prostate cancer, there is a

vaccine for it which is about

to be rolled out to Australian

boys. To see whether the

viruses are causing tumours,

researchers will now recruit 50

prostate cancer patients. They

will examine old samples of

prostate tissue to look for any

trace of the viruses. For millions of people each

year angioplasty is a life

saver but the common procedure

to restore blood flow to

blocked arteries isn't without

risks. One in three patients suffer significant heart

damage. But now researchers say

they've found a way to make the

surgery safer. What a

difference a day makes.

Yesterday, Giuseppe Fava had a

severe blockage in the

heart. How are you feeling today? Wonderful

today. Doctors inserted a stent

to open his artery and the

82-year-old counts himself

lucky. Now I can walk around, I

got no problem whatsoever.

Beautiful. I haven't got the

tightness in the chest. Around

the world every year, 4 million

people have the procedure known

as angioplasty. Balloons or

stents are inserted into the

artery to clear a blockage. But

in one out of three cases, the

plaque that's dislodged results

in debris causing more

blockages and serious heart

damage. Now doctors say they

think they've found the answer

to why some patients fare

better than others. By

measuring the health of their

capillaries before angioplasty,

we can very strikingly predict

somebody's risk of heart

damage. Dr Ng says patients

with unhealthy capillaries can

be given blood thinners

beforehand or filters can be

inserted with the stents to

stop plaque getting trapped in

smaller vessels. At this

hospital alone 800

angioplasties are performed

each year and this could mean a

third of patients will have a

better chance of a full

recovery. Anything we can do to

make the procedures safer is a

great step forward. Giuseppe

Fava says he is now good as

gold and almost ready to do the

gardening and take the garbage

out again. To finance now, new

figures show Australian house

prices went up in July but

manufacturing activity slumped

to its lowest level in three

years. Here the Alan

Kohler. The best you can about

house prices is they are

stagnant. The small rise in the

index in July means 12 month

change is minus 2.4% which is

an improvement on the 5% the

prices had been falling at. It

is helped by good performances

in Sydney and Perth. In

Melbourne, Adelaide and

Brisbane, the falls are 3% plus

over 12 months and in Hobart,

6%. Here is a chart of the

index, the national index, and

its rate of change. That was a

big recovery in house prices in

2010 and two-thirds has been

kept which is a good result I'd

say especially if we have seen

the bottom, but that's a big if. Manufacturing unfortunately

is not stagnant. It is

contracting. The latest

performance of manufacturing

index has shown the fifth

consecutive fall in July. 6.9 points to

points to just above 40. 40

indicates big problems. Here is

the main culprit, the dollar.

That's despite the Reserve

Bank index of commodity prices

in July fell 10.8%. During that

same month the dollar index

rose 2.5%.

That's finance.

One of America's most prominent writers and

intellectuals, Gore Vidal has

died. He was 86. The author and

commentator was known for courting controversy both at

home and abroad. He flirted

with a political career and,

until the end, was a harsh

critic of US foreign policy and

military engagements. Gore

Vidal was a radical, a writer

of novels, essays and movies

and to many years a favourite

of American television talk

shows. His sparring partners

included another great writer

and stirrer norm norm norm. Are

you ready to apologise? I

would apologise if it hurts

your feelings, of course I

would. It hurts my sense of

intellectual pollution. As an

expert you should know about

that. He was drawn to politics,

standing unsuccessfully in 1960

for the US Congress. Related to

Jackie Kennedy, he won the

support of President John F

Kennedy. Movies enchanted him.

Among his screen plays was the

international hit 'Ben Hur'.

'The Best Man' was his most

successful play. In 2006, Bob

Carr traded politics for

journalism for an in-depth

interview with Gore Vidal in

the ABC 'Foreign correspondent'

program. We live in a bubble

with laughing gas being pumped

in all the time. Everybody

envies us because we are so fat

and pink and rosy. Bad people

want to kill us. They just work

on a national paranoia. Gore

Vidal died alone in his

Hollywood home from pneumonia.

A rare, witty and

unconventional dissident to the end.

Now to Canberra's weather, it

has been another clear and

sunny day, it wasn't quite as

cold overnight as we feared. A

top 12 degrees today. Light

winds made for pleasant winter

weather.

There is cloud spiralling into

the low-pressure system that's

in Tasman Sea while a cold

front is bringing more cloud

across the Bight. The trough is

weakening as it approaches our

region and will bring fresh

snow to the alps but the local

weather should stay fine and

dry.

Before we go, a brief look

back at our top story and the

battle for Syria's second city

is intensifying. There are

reports that rebel fighters in

Aleppo now have a small supply

of surface-to-air missiles and

are increasingly using

improvised explosive devices.

Government forces are

bombarding the stronghold for a

fourth day. We leave you with

Sydney northern beaches where a

whale washed ashore at the

ocean pool leaving authorities

with a cleaning headache.

Thanks for your company,

goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI

Tonight, Hacked Off,

consumers caught in a cyber war

between the hacking group Anonymous and authorities

pushing tough new online

surveillance laws. I don't

believe in the term cyber

hacktivism. It is a criminal

act. They've stolen information. The Australian

coach of Chinese swimmer Ye Shiwen responds to doping

allegations. They've tested her

and the Chinese swimming team

has been tested 100 times you

know they've got the latest

testing and nothing came

up. And the true story of the

women who inspired the hit

musical and film the

Sapphires. The guys said, "You

can sing?" We said, "We'll

give it a shot. It's now we