Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Disclaimer: The Parliamentary Library does not warrant the accuracy of closed captions. These are derived automatically from the broadcaster's signal.
As it Happened -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) Hanoverian reality grew stronger

at last, impossible. and the shadow kings became, In 1766 James died. would have lasted 64 years. His reign, had it been real, in the crypt of St Peter's. He was laid here, Charles returned at last to Rome. of Scotland, England and Ireland. He applied for recognition as King The Pope refused. Charles devoted himself For the rest of his life for restoration. to desperate schemes in alcohol. He steeped the athlete he'd once been

of reality he'd been condemned to. He never ceased to hate the version for Charles, But there was no room in history not since Culloden Moor. for him was in the realm of myth - The only place there was room the heather, over the sea to Skye. the golden boy, the flight through and it still is, The myth was glorious, not like the real unreal king on 31 December 1788, who died in Rome when his family had been throneless of a century. for just a few months short After his death, the Pope relented. King of England, Scotland, Ireland. He recognised dead Charles as A monument was given pride of place near the entrance of St Peter's dedicated to the Stuarts of Rome, his sons Henry and Charles III. James VIII, over Charles' real death. It drew a veil alcoholic, unhappy Overweight, stroke-ridden, abscessed, and still dreaming fell silent of what might have been. till the moment that his mind The shadow king was dead. The Union was real. long since... The Scots had learnt to live with it. Captions (c) SBS Australia 2012

Good evening, Manny Tsigas with a World News Australia Update.

Australia has claimed bronze in the

men's quadruple sculls at the

Olympics rowing regata tonight.

Germany led from start to finish to

win gold. Croatia, who were

took silver. champions at the Beijing Games,

Kofi Annan has quit his post as the

UN-Arab League envoy to Syria. The

former UN chief says the Assad

regime will eventually fall. But

currently, the Syrian government,

the rebel opposition and the international community all lack

the will to bring about peace.

In the wake of Papua New Guinea's national election, Peter O'Neill

has been sworn in as prime minister

after an overwhelming vote of

support on the floor of parliament.

I'll have a full World News

Australia bulletin at 10:30. January 2007. The Holocaust Museum in Washington DC an American ex-officer is contacted by at the end of World War II. who was stationed in Germany in Frankfurt, In 1945, in an abandoned apartment

of photographs. he discovered an album to examine the album, The Museum experts agree between May and December of 1944. which comprises 166 photographs taken of the album, They recognise the importance of the Auschwitz SS, which shows key figures their enjoyable moments of leisure in particular during from the extermination camp. in a chalet not far the owner of the album - They are able to identify Karl Hocker, SS officer commandant of the camp in May 1944, promoted to assistant to the and present in most of the images. when the extermination of the Jews These photographs were taken was at its peak, of deportees from Hungary, with the mass arrivals to Auschwitz "Lili's Album", as witnessed by another album, who found it at the Liberation from the name of a survivor and kept it for 35 years. in barracks in the Dora camp, showing, in May 1944, An album of 193 photographs who are going to be gassed, the selection of Jews the gas chambers and the crematoria. then their departure for album is dated 25 May 1944, The first photograph in Karl Hocker's at Auschwitz. the date of Hocker's arrival Lili Jacob, deportee, the following day, May 26. arrived in the same camp were thus taken at the same moment. The photographs in the two albums in Lili's Album, In one of the photographs on the ramp, a man with his back to the camera by several witnesses has been identified as being a certain Emmerich Hocker. a graphic analyst aims to verify Using sophisticated techniques, is indeed Karl Hocker. that Emmerich Hocker computer confirms that their height, After lengthy calculations, the 1.75 metres, is the same, and leg lengths are identical. and their build, shoulder span, selecting his future victims Karl Hocker, on the ramp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, between the two albums, is indeed the link and that of their victims. that of the executioners

taken in the same place, Auschwitz, Resembling one another externally, probably by the same photographers, the two albums became only one. On 20 January 1942, of the Nazi Party 15 high-ranking officials and the German administration in the suburbs of Berlin, meet in a villa on the shores of Lake Wannsee, the administrative, technical to finalise extermination of the Jews of Europe. and economic organisation of the as confidential The plan is classified and the orders are given verbally. extermination order signed by Hitler. No document exists bearing an known as the Wannsee Conference, The meeting, lasts less than two hours. Adolf Eichmann outlines the protocol of the administrative process for the "Activation and transporting to the East "aimed at grouping together "all the European Jews." from the participants. There is no opposition

requires the collaboration Deportation at this scale of the German administration. of different branches The Ministry of Foreign Affairs negotiates of their Jewish citizens. the delivery The Order Police, in the Occupied Territories, reinforced by local collaborators in all the European countries arrest the Jews occupied by Germany. the schedule of trains The Transport Ministry organises to the extermination camps. which would transport the Jews of Occupied Europe The deportation of the Jews is a well-oiled machine. almost every day. Trains head for Auschwitz-Birkenau Richard Baer wishes to profit from acquired by Hocker at Majdanek, the experience as manager of the gas chambers. where he was much appreciated His expertise is noted, and as aide to the camp commandant, his duty is to monitor that the extermination "proceeds according to plan". The Jews of the Austro-Hungarian Empire were one of the most flourishing in Europe and had a profound influence on intellectual and political life. A million Jews were living within this territory. In Hungary, as everywhere in the empire up until 1918,

the Jews enjoyed a period of almost total tranquillity within Hungarian society. The collapse of the Hungarian Empire would end this golden age. The Regent Miklos Horthy, in power from 1920, was seen as a rampart against extremists. As of 1942, Hitler begins to exert pressure on Hungary to hand over the Jews to the Germans. On 15 March 1944, Horthy is summoned by Hitler who gives him the choice between the occupation of Hungary by the Wehrmacht, or a first delivery of 100,000 Jews. Horthy, whose son has been taken hostage by Hitler, signs the deportation order. And on 19 March 1944, the German armies, followed by "supervisory politicians and advisers", invade Hungary. That same day, Adolf Eichmann arrives in Budapest, accompanied by his special intervention unit, made up of a dozen men. The very evening of their arrival, Eichmann and his team invite the leaders of the Jewish community, over 400,000 members. The SS are polite -

"No one will be arrested, the Jews have nothing to fear." Eichmann adds that he will not permit any brutality towards the Jews

and wishes to be informed of any incidents which might occur. They are informed that they must make an inventory of the property of the community.

Eichmann even insists on visiting the synagogue, the Jewish museum and its library. The leaders of the Jewish community, relieved, address their flock - "Understand that the life of each one of us "and the existence of our community "depend on the complete fulfilment of these instructions." In early May,

a conference brings together German military transport specialists and heads of the Hungarian gendarmerie.

A single subject of discussion - the rapid elimination of the Hungarian Jews. In two days, 4 & 5 of May 1944, the plan for bringing this about is finalised. Four daily convoys, powerful locomotives which can pull 45 wagons containing 3000 Jews at a time. The Germans will provide the trains, the Hungarians will provide the gendarmerie staff, who will supervise the loading of the deportees. All is ready for mass murder. Then one night, a neighbour came in and he said he just came from a meeting. That they were going to... uproot us and we're going to Poland.

And we didn't go to sleep that night, my mother and I. The next day they came and they told us that we were allowed to take 50 kilos of food and clothing with us and that we'd be relocated somewhere in Poland. All the Jews. On 26 May 1944, Hitler declares to a meeting of generals and high-ranking officers - "The Jews are a foreign body in our community. "It was necessary to get rid of them, "even if some didn't understand why that had to be done "so brutally and in such an implacable manner." That same May 26, Lili Jacob's convoy arrives at Auschwitz-Birkenau. She is 18 years old. We left like Sunday morning and we arrived Tuesday morning. We didn't know where, but older people were dying, younger kids were screaming... There were like 20 people who died on the train, until we got to Auschwitz. We didn't know what the outcome of all this would be. At the arrival of this convoy, photographers, probably two, are working on the ramp, sometimes perched on top of a wagon for a better view of the whole scene. They photograph the deportees - men, women, children, old people. On numerous images in the background, the chimneys of the crematoria are visible. Well, they just jumped up on the train, they opened the doors and they told us to get out as fast as we can, we should jump, we should do anything, just get off that train. And we were very glad to get out in the fresh air. And we got out of the train, and right away they screamed... and younger children should go to the left, and mothers and children should go to the right. And all of a sudden the sorting started and he came over and he screamed and yelled at us... of the German soldiers... But there was a humungous group of people, they couldn't even walk, they were just pushing one another. And all of a sudden, I see my mother... Oh, I saw him go in the front, the German who was doing the sorting. And... as he was going up front, he ran back to me, because he noticed that I ran back to my mother. And he beat me up and he pushed me, he stabbed me with a bayonet here. And I was bleeding, because he had stabbed me with the bayonet here on the right arm. Also, I lifted up my head and I saw my mother walking away with the two youngest brothers. And that was it. Holden dealers are about to get a huge delivery of new vehicles, so we're racing to make space in our showrooms. You'll get unbelievable deals on all floor stock during this massive sales event. Be quick and get the new Barina Hatch, yours from $16,990.

And the Cruze CD, the only small car built in Australia, ready to go, from just $21,990. Holden's Race for Space is on now. This is one sale event you don't want to miss. In the spring of 1944, the arrival of the Hungarian Jews was the peak, the culmination of the history of Auschwitz. Long trains ran back and forth between the camp and Hungary. Every day, 10,000 deportees arrived, and they had to be exterminated without delay. The three new tracks went right to the new crematorium and it was possible to unload one train while another was entering the station. The SS men would surround a long train of goods wagons on the ramp and make everybody get out. First they separated husbands from their wives. Confusion reigned on the platform. Then the SS doctor would select those he thought were capable of working.

We had two SS doctors who examined each new delivery of prisoners. We would make them march past one of the doctors who would decide as they passed before him. One of them, without saying a word, would point with his riding crop - this one to the right, this one to the left. Those who were judged capable were sent into the camp. The others were sent straight to the extermination buildings. Young children were always eliminated, and went to one side with the old people. Splitting up the families, separating men and women and their children, caused great turmoil in the whole convoy. People clung to each other. The ones who were selected but refused to be separated, who wanted to stay together and remain with their loved ones, were all sent to that side too. They wanted us right away to take off our clothes because we were going to take a shower, but they never brought us back to the same place. And the men were shaving us all over, the head, wherever we had hair, they were shaving us. They just brought big... like garbage can, and they had so-called soup in it,

but it wasn't soup, it was anything but soup! But anything was good, because we were... ..all the ride out, and the trip. They took us to a barrack, but there was nothing in that barrack, just mud. And we couldn't care less... we slept in the mud. We would make a hermetic barrier around the crematorium, blocking all the paths and roads leading to it. No one, neither soldiers nor officers, was authorised to go beyond that line. The people unloaded from the livestock wagons, unaware of their fate, walked beside the ramp which ran along the railway. The alleys of the camp were blocked with endless columns of new victims. The two big doors leading to the crematorium opened slowly. The signs marked "Disinfection" and, above all, the harmless appearance of the little houses reassured the deportees. They were escorted so that they would believe they were being taken to the showers. The column of 300 or 400 people would enter the courtyard. They had to cross the few hundred metres which separated them from the "disinfection room". The women went in first accompanied by their children, followed by the men. It all happened calmly. They were packed in, squeezed up against each other, and that's when the panic would set in. They understood what awaited them, but a few blows from the clubs quickly brought them back to order, and finally everyone entered the chamber. Two abandoned cottages had been transformed into gas chambers. Two cottages, clean and pretty, separated from each other by a little wood in the middle of a charming landscape. They had been given a coat of glaring white whitewash. The roofs were thatched and the cottages were surrounded by local fruit trees. Only a careful observer would notice

that the houses didn't have any windows and that their doors were surprisingly solid, equipped with hermetic rubber seals and could be screwed shut. There where the Birkenau Wood once stood was a sign which read "To disinfection". Someone said "See, they're taking the children now." A hoarse order rang out - "SS men and special commando are to leave the room." They would come out and check that they were all there. The doors were closed and the lights were switched off from the outside. A member of the SS would climb onto the roof. After putting on a gas mask, he'd lift the chimney cover off, open one of the boxes and tip out the contents, Zyklon B, which on contact with air produces a gas that would fill the room packed with deportees. At first we heard talking for a while. Then there were screams and a rush for the two doors. But the doors withstood. The cries we heard were terrifying. But after a few moments, there was complete silence. Through the keyhole, we could see that no one was moving any more. Half an hour after dropping the gas, we turned on the aeration system. Then other prisoners opened the doors of the gas chambers. The heat dissipated and the bodies were loaded onto a trolley. The next batch was already undressing in the big room. After what I witnessed, I couldn't look at my wife for four weeks. My position meant that I had to be present for the entire operation. I even had to watch their death through the skylights of the gas chamber. Day and night I had to be there while they pulled the corpses, cut their hair, burned it, pulled their gold teeth. Then they moved them. The ovens were already lit. Depending on the size of the bodies, we could put in up to three at a time. When the cremation was in full swing, we would collect the fat that ran onto the floor with buckets and throw it back on the fire to speed up the operation. We could burn up to 10,000 corpses. Incineration went on non-stop, day and night. The stink of burning bodies could be smelled all over the camp. At night you could see the sky glowing red over Auschwitz. When we cleaned the ditches, we would crush the ashes on a cement block and the prisoners would pulverise the remains of the bones with wooden rollers. Then the ashes were taken by truck and thrown in the little lake. They used to wake us up around 4-4.30 in the morning to count us! Like we were able to escape!

Well, we would have to stay, I think, four or five in a row... They finally were assigning people to work. And we were selected to clean, with two other girls, the toilets, and pull a horse wagon in the fields,

dump it, and come back. This was our assignment to do. I wore the dress they gave me, the one I was photographed in, without being washed for about two months. That's how I got finally typhus. How long can we live like this? How long do you think you will be alive like this? Your chances are very slim of surviving.

The deportation of the Hungarian Jews started on 15 May 1944, continues daily until July 8. In less than two months, 430,000 Hungarian Jews were deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp. Most were gassed in the hours following their arrival. 24,000 of them were murdered in this way in a single day. In early July 1944, the only Jewish community remaining in Hungary is that of Budapest. Facing the threat from the Allies of war crimes trials, on July 7, Horthy orders the deportations to cease. In August, the Germans arrest him and install a new government. The new prime minister decides to revoke the order of his predecessor, and targets the 200,000 Jews of Budapest. They are forced to march through the town for two days with their arms raised, and then to march under Hungarian guard, to the Austrian border. Thousands of them die of exhaustion, hunger or cold, or are killed en route. 1944 is the year in which extermination at Auschwitz accelerates, but also the beginning of the end for the Nazis. In November of 1944, the front is drawing near. Faced with the advance of the Russians, Himmler orders that gassing must cease, and an operation is mounted to erase all traces of extermination. I was there till... December 16. And then in the morning, they put us on a train. We were working in Stuttgart in a munitions factory. There was a German guard, a lady. I was burning up with fever, I was delirious... So she sat down near me and she was humming, singing a song to herself. And I remember, I was delirious, and I remember that song, and I still do!

Richard Baer and Karl Hocker are to organise the evacuation of the camp. On January 18, the camp is totally emptied of its German occupants and the non-invalid prisoners have begun their death march to different concentration camps. As assistant to the commandant, Karl Hocker stays at Auschwitz until the evacuation, then is transferred to Dora camp with Richard Baer. The two men administer the camp until the arrival of the Allies. Lili Jacob is also on her way to Dora camp. We were put in a train and we arrived in Dora. They decided to take all the Jews... was towards the end of the war. And they laid us... the three sick girls with the typhus, with the fever. All of a sudden, we heard noises.

And they came in, the prisoners, and they said "Get yourself together, "because you hear the noise down in the valley? "The Americans just marched in and you're liberated." It was a good day for us to know... They picked me up and they carried me in a German barrack and laid me on a bed, and it was April, and just having on that little thin dress with the lice. And they said "You don't have to worry now any more, "we are liberated." And I found the album in a vacant German barrack, on the day of Liberation. She opens it and on the first page finds the photo of Rabbi Weiss, who comes from her home town, Bilky, and married her parents. She then recognises in other images

taken at the moment of their arrival in Auschwitz, her two young brothers, her family. Then herself, in the first row of a group of women with shaven heads. It was in a night stand, next to where my fellow prisoners left me and then when they came to pick me up, I said "Look, I found an Auschwitz album", which was six months before... later, and 500 miles away. There were like 200 pictures pasted in. Pictures of...

..of the people that I grew up with, that we were friends, we were relatives... The same day I found that album, some American... ..well, he was a soldier but he had a very high rank, said to me "You know, you have something of very great importance, we need this." He meant the album. He said "We would like very much if you would give it to us. "We're going to have trials here, and we'll need it for proof." I said "I'm not going to give it, if I can't go there, "and hold on to the album, I'm not giving it away!" Karl Hocker manages to leave Dora camp before the arrival of the Americans.

Arrested by the British while attempting to flee, Hocker, thanks to his false papers, cannot be identified. Ignorant of his role at Majdanek and Auschwitz, the English release him. It is probably at this moment that he gets rid of his album, which has become a burden. He returns home to his wife and two children, and a job as cashier in a bank. The trains were flocking to Europe with the survivors. And all of a sudden, I see a friend on the train. She asks "what are you doing here?" I said "Nothing, I'm going to go home soon." Once cured of typhus, Lili returns to her village, Bilky with her album. She finds nobody, no parents, no neighbours, except her childhood friend Max Zelmanovic, whom she marries in November 1945. I said to myself "One day I want to go to America." We didn't have the money for it. Somebody said that there was a man who was helping the refugees. I went to him and I said "Could you help us out?" I said "We are planning to go to America, "but we need money to renew our passport again." He said "Well, we don't have money to help you out." I said "Wait a minute, "I have something maybe that will take us to America." I went home by bus, I came back with the album. I said "Here I am." I said "Do you know anybody that could help us out?" "Would you sell the album?" I said "No, I'm not selling it, I want to keep it. "I have family in there and those are the only pictures I have." So he picked up the phone, he called Prague, the Jewish Museum, and said "Look, I have somebody here "with something that I've never seen. "And she needs like $50 to renew her passport." "Well we're sending you the money right away "if it's what you say it is, an album from Auschwitz." Through that album, we were able to come to America. I never sold it. Kept it with me, when my daughter was born, Esther, that album was under her mattress in the carriage. In exchange for copies of the photographs of the album, since she refuses to part with the originals, the Prague Jewish Museum gives her the sum necessary for her, her husband and their baby to immigrate to the US, to Miami. In May of 1960, Adolf Eichmann, the planner of the extermination of the Jews, who disappeared at the end of the war thanks to high-ranking authorities, is kidnapped by Israeli secret agents in Buenos Aires. Israel wants his trial to be an international event, which will weigh on the German conscience and function as collective therapy. During the Eichmann trial, numerous copies of photos from Lili's album will provide proof of the accusations. In 1961, motivated by the impact of the Eichmann trial, the Frankfurt prosecutor opened legal proceedings against those Germans implicated in the process of extermination of the European Jews. It is the first time that Germans will judge Germans. Many carried out criminal acts at Auschwitz, but most are free, or have only just been arrested. They are accused of having actively participated in the Final Solution. In October of 1963, the trial takes place in Frankfurt of 24 SS officers from the Auschwitz camp. Richard Baer, is absent, arrested in 1960, but dead in detention one month earlier. Perry Broad took part in the selection of Jews arriving on the ramp, oversaw the transport of deportees to the gas chambers and took part in the executions. In May '45 he is captured by the English, who release him in '47. He's described as a musician, cultivated. He kept a journal. Victor Capesius - SS man. Pharmacist at Auschwitz. Worked and selected with Mengele on the ramp. Many witnesses, notably from the Hungarian convoys, recognise him at the trial as the person who stole valuable objects from gassed victims. Captured by the English who free him in June 1946, he then opens his own pharmacy, then a beauty salon.

Oswald Kaduk. A butcher who worked in the slaughterhouses before being sent to Auschwitz in 1942. In February of '43, he took selection decisions alone for gassing. In 1946 he is arrested

because an ex-prisoner from Auschwitz recognises him. Sentenced to 25 years in prison in March '47, he is freed in April of 1956.

Josef Klehr. His unit was responsible for introducing the Zyklon into the gas chambers. Often participated, pouring the gas himself, and was present by the ditches where the bodies were burned.

Arrested by the Americans in May '45, he is freed in March '48. Wilhelm Boger. Nicknamed The Devil of Birkenau for his cruelty. One kind of torture was named the "Boger swing". Arrested in June '45 by the American military police, he was to be turned over to Poland, but managed to escape. The other accused parties are... Willy Frank - dentist. At Auschwitz, he headed the unit which melted down gold teeth taken from the corpses of gassed victims. Captured by the Americans, he is released in '47. Emil Hantl. Trained as SS Death's Head Unit. Participated in the selections and accompanied victims to gassing. Captured by American troops, he is released three weeks later because he succeeds in concealing his role at Auschwitz. Franz Lucas. Doctor at the Birkenau camp from December '43 to summer of '44. Responsibilities on the selection ramp, then monitoring of gassing with Zyklon B. Franz Johann Hofmann. Monitors gassing of victims. In December 1961, the Munich criminal court sentences him to life imprisonment for his activities. He is freed five months later in May 1962, his sentence being considered to have been fulfilled. Stefan Baretzki. Participates actively in the selections

and accompanies the victims towards the crematoria before they are gassed. In May 1945 he is captured by the Soviets and released in August of the same year.

SS man Baretzki was identified and arrested because in a copy of a photograph, he can be seen at arrival to Auschwitz of convoys from Hungary.

The director of the centre for research on Nazi crimes, Simon Wiesenthal, pointed out to the court that this photo came from an album showing SS men present at the arrival of Hungarian Jews. He informs them of the existence of one Mrs Zelmanovic, born Jacob, waitress, married, living in Miami and owner of the album. Somebody told him "If you need a witness, call her, "she knows everything and she's got still a mind that works." And he once came in to 'The Famous' restaurant, and he asked for me. I'd never heard of him in those days. And he sat down and he saw the album and said "How can you live with something like that?" I said "You know, Mr Wiesenthal, I couldn't live without it." I used to get calls, I used to get letters from Germany. He told me his name was Dr Hofmeyer, he was the judge of the trial and he desperately needed me to come there, because I'm the only one... to prove what happened. "You don't want to help us out?" I said "I don't have the strength to go through any more "what I went through."

He said "We'll try to spare you, but please come. "They all say that the witnesses are crazy, "they don't know what they're talking, "they might be lying. "And here you're walking out with something,

"and you don't want to come?" All worked up. The one I really, really despised and I do till this day, is the one who took me away from my mother, and he was at the trial in Frankfurt, and I didn't want... I promised myself I'd never set foot in Germany in my life, but being bothered, being called from the judge in Frankfurt of the Auschwitz trial... ..I decided finally to go. And on 3 December 1964, Lili arrives from the United States to testify against the executioners of Auschwitz. With her album. The lawyers for the accused succeed in preventing the filming of the trial, except a few shots before questioning begins. All that remains of the statements are a few audio recordings.

Mrs witness, your first name is? Lili. Jacob. Jacob. You are not related or an in-law to the accused? No. It was sheer hell! And the man that I could have killed with my two hands was there also on the stand. Lucas, the one who separated me from my mother, Bernhard Lucas. To this day I could kill him. You have just told us that you have recognised Dr Lucas. Would you please point out the accused whom you are describing as Dr Lucas. I think that gentleman over there in the back. Dr Lucas, Dr Franz Lucas, I'll never forget that face. Mrs witness, you have been named here as proof that you are in possession of a number of photographs showing the ramp of Auschwitz and Birkenau which are collected in an album and which are to be submitted to the court. - Yes. Would you be kind enough to hand us those photographs? I will hand them, but only while I'm here. I do not... I will not leave them. Because that's the only possession that I have. Now, Mrs witness, those pictures would undoubtedly be interesting to us in so far as we might be able to recognise one or the other of the SS people depicted there. That is only those pictures that show either guard personnel, which can show us hints as to the locality. Would it not be possible for you to leave those pictures to us... No. No, this you don't want to do. Because I know how important it is, not only to me but to the whole world. Among the accused is Karl Hocker. In 1952, he is condemned to a prison sentence of nine months, which he will only partially serve, due to the amnesty law voted in 1954. At the time of the trial, he is employed in a bank prior to being arrested. Hocker finishes his statement with the claim that he knew nothing of what was happening at Auschwitz-Birkenau, that he never participated in the elimination of victims, despite the testimony of a survivor certifying under oath to having seen him carrying out selections on the ramp. The only proof that could have contradicted Hocker,

the only essential item of evidence missing during this trial, will only be discovered 40 years later - the album of Lieutenant Karl Hocker. These 100 or so photographs show him at the scene of his crimes. This is judgement day for the men of Auschwitz. After 20 months, the longest and grisliest trial in German history, it's a day of the verdict for 20 guards and officials of Hitler's greatest death factory. Only one of these has admitted guilt. The others claim they didn't know what was going on in Auschwitz, or that they were just small, unwilling cogs in a big machine. They put some in jail. Not really much. They all said they're not guilty, said it in German - "Nicht schuldig!" "Nicht schuldig!" The trial lasts two years.

The accused are judged guilty of murder and collective assassination. Franz Lucas's sentence is revoked in '69, he is liberated in October '70. Oswald Kaduk, freed in '89, dies aged 91. Perry Broad lives until '94. Victor Capesius is freed in '68, dies in '85.

Klaus Dylewski is imprisoned from '64 to '68, then freed. Emil Hantl, remained in custody from May '61, is released 19 August '65. He dies in '84, aged 82. Hans Stark of whom the Sonderkommando Filip Muller wrote "I could never forget such pleasure in violence, "such a delight in making others suffer in a young man of 20" is freed in '68, dies in '91, aged 70. Stefan Baretzki, the only one to have pleaded guilty, commits suicide in prison in '88. Arthur Breitweiser, the first to have tested Zyklon B gas on victims, is acquitted. It was rough... it was really, really rough. But I'm glad I went. Saying I hate them? No. I don't hate them, because they have to live with themselves. For having "assisted and encouraged more than 1000 murders" Karl Hocker, in the absence of proof, received a light sentence - seven years' imprisonment. He served five, was liberated in '70. He returned to work in the same bank and died in 2000, aged 89.

With her album under her arm, Lili Jacob goes back to Miami where she returns to her job as a waitress. Her husband dies 10 years later. Now and then, a few rare survivors of the deportation of the Hungarian Jews

come to Miami to try to identify a member of their exterminated family, and if so, Lili gives them a copy of the photos from the album. In 1980, Serge Klarsfeld convinces Lili to part from the album, and give it to the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem. Lili Jacob-Zelmanovic died on 17 December 1999. Captions (c) SBS Australia 2012

This program is captioned live.

Olympics frustration, more gold for

Great Britain, more silver for

Australia. Quitting an impossible

task. Kofi Annan gives up on Syria.

The blond shed continues. Most of

all because of Syrian Government's

intransigence. Accidental discovery

- Australian scientists make a

Hendra virus breakthrough. So the

vaccine is a freight first step.

Who had all the pies? Bill

Shorten's corner store blow-up. It

has been a complete misunderstanding.

Good evening. Welcome. More

Olympics medals in the rowing for

for tonight but yet again, none of

them gold. Brian Thomson is in

London and he joins us live. The

Australians cannot seem to take the

top spot on the podium? No. Making

matters worse, Great Britain was

there again. The Aussies did do

well though, silver in the women's

double skull, bronze in the men's

quad but controversy off the water

has marred that good news. Rower Josh