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Not quite one big happy

family. European leaders tell

the rest to stop blaming them

for all their

problems. Frankly, we are not

coming here to receive lessons

in terms of democracy or oin

terms of how to handle the economy. The Communications

Minister warns the largest

investor in Fairfax not to

trash the brand. Ms Rinehart

wants to turn it into the

mining ga zet, well Ms

Rinehart's entitled to but the

shareholder, the other 80%,

need to know that's what's

behind it. Less risk but still

not a glean - clean bill of

health for French breast

implant ts. It's a not safer

dmpb it's a lot safer than we noishlly thought it would

be. Back me up, the newest

catch cry on cyber bull yig. We

want to bring this oit into the

open and empower young people

to intervene. Hello and welcome

to ABC News across Australia,

I'm Ros Childs. The local share

market is giving back some of yesterday's rally and the All

Ords is down 19 points:

The G20 summit in Mexico is

now officially under way with

the financial crisis in Europe

dominating the event. It's not

got off the oto best of starts for Julia Gillard. The Prime Minister's suggestion that

Europe follow the Australian

way in solving its economic

problems has annoyed the

President of the European

Commission. Here's chief

political correspondent Mark

Simkin from Los Cabos. Ros, you

know how these events are meant

to be about diplomatic nicities

and the world speaking with one

voice to confront common

problems, it's not like that at

all. This is politics.

Yesterday, as you said, Julia

Gillard urged European leaders

to show some leadership and

other world leaders have echoed

that call and really singled

out Europe for creating

problems for the rest of the

world. Now that hasn't gone

down too well with the

Europeans and today from the

head of the European Commission

there was something of a not so

diplomatic retort. Here's what

he had to say. We are not

coming here to receive lessons

in terms of democracy or in

terms of how to handle the

economy because the European

Union is a model we may be very

proud of. We are not complacent

about the difficulties, we are

extremely open. I wish that all

our partners were so open about

their own difficulties. But

Mark, Julia Gillard has been

winning friends elsewhere? Yes,

she's held a series of meetings

today. She met the Italian

Prime Minister, the head of the

IMF who suggest ed that Julia

Gillard's clothing lifting

spirits here at the G20,

obviously some spirits need to

be lifted and those two lead

Erbs and Julia Gillard needing

to be talking about the

problems in Europe. There was

an event with the prime

ministers of Canada and the

United Kingdom where they

launched a new scheme,

Australia's going to contribute

$20 million over 3 years to try

and improve food security for

the world's poor. It basically

involves governments providing

incentives if the private

sector can find ways of

improving crop yields or

improving the nutritional value

of crops. Here's part of what

Julia Gillard had to say at

that event. I'm very pleased to

be able to announce that

Australia will provide a

contribution of $20 million. We

are a very efficient

agricultural producer, we are

in parts a very arid country,

so we've got some relevant

expertise and we're very happy

to share. Finally, Mark, what's

on the agenda for

tomorrow? There will be more talks about the situation in

Europe, I'm sure, Ros. There

has been relief here about the

result, the election result in

Greece but relief tempered by

realism. The election result

doesn't mean the financial situation in Greece or Europe

has changed at all and in fact

there are some signs of

worsening economic situation in

Europe as a whole with

particular - in particular

Spain enduring a spike in

borrowing costs. There will be

further talk about that and in

a sign of the times it's

expected that this summit will conclude tomorrow with some

sort of plan for a coordinated

strategy to create jobs on a

global level. Mark, thank

you. The Australian Government

is upbeat about the prospects

for the imminent release of an

Australian lawyer in detention

in Libya. Melinda Taylor and 3

colleagues from the

International Criminal Court

were arrested in Zintan almost

2 weeks ago. They're accused of

smuggling documents to Saif

al-Islam the son of the former

dictator Moammar Gaddafi. Bob

Carr who has been to Libya

pressing for their release has

suggested it's time for the ICC

to acknowledge its short

comings. It would do no harm to

the status and authority of the

ICC to apologise to the Lybian

authorities and to concede that

things might have been prepared

for in a more thorough going

way. Mr Carr says a Lybian

judicial review into the case

is now complete. The job losses

sweeping through big media

companies have triggered debate

in Canberra over what can be

done to protect the

independence of news outlets.

Cuts at Fairfax are likely to

be followed within days by an

announcement from Australia's

biggest media organisation News

Limited but the Acting Prime

Minister has voiced his concern

about billionaire minor Gina

Rinehart gettinghold ve hold of

Fairfax and the Greens are

floating the idea of a government-imposed charter of

independence. Politicians and

journalists don't always get

ob. And the myth making continues by members of the

media and the Labor Party. And

some in Canberra aren't particularly concerned about

the future of newspapers. Whilst there are

Senate door stops and we are

willing to front the cameras

I'm sure there will be plenty

of accountability. But over

others say they're worried

about what will happen when the

presses stop rolling and they

get fewer tough questions. Less

journalists covering politics

and providing a diversity of

opinion on politics is clearly

over time an unhealthy thing

for democracy. Just imagine if you people weren't here what

they'd get away with inside. It

would be out of control. Well,

though they are getting away

with a lot of rubbish inside

but they'd get a wi with

more. Fairfax might have come

first with the bad news but

News Limited is expected to

follow with its own job

cuts. We appreciate the

environment that the media

industry is in. We've never

opposed change. What we want is

change that ensures the ongoing

delivery of quality editorial

content on new platforms. It's

a grim picture and politicians

from the bush are particularly

worried regional titles will

bear the brunt. Regional

communities deserve to have

regional journalists who

understand the local issues

giving them local content about

their communities. And while

other investors abandoned

Fairfax shares, mining

billionaire Gina Rinehart is

gobbling them up, increasing

her stake in the company to

almost 20% and pushing for up

to 3 board positions. But she's

reportedly not enthusiastic to

sign up to the charter of

editorial independence and her

supporters say nor should

she. It's all interference that

made papers more readable in

the past. You can't be held to

ransom by your employees

particularly if it means you

will lose money. What she's not

entitled to do is trash the

brand for all the other

shareholders. She should be

aware that that charter is

something that the readership of 'The Age' and the 'Sydney

Morning Herald' believed in. I

did raise my concerns about a

few Australians with enormous

wealth seeking to have a

disproportionate say in our

public debate and sadly what we

are now seeing unfold may well

be that happening. In reality

there's very little the

Government can do to help

Fairfax or to stop Gina

Rinehart. But the Greens think

they may have a solution to

preserve editorial independence, imposing a

charter on all the major

publicly listed media

companies. Effectively we don't

want to see proprietors and the

management of these big media companies obstructing the work

that you all do every day in

writing the stories that we rely on effectively to keep

this building honest. Either

way, no news is definitely not

good news. It's a scandal

that's caused sleepless nights for many thousands of

Australian women. It started

with reports that breast

implants made by the French

firm PIP used low-grade silicon

and had an alarming failure

rate. Now a British study has

found the implants do not pose

a long-term health threat but

they are twice as likely to

rupture as the alternatives.

After months of uncertainty a

firm conclusion from a British

expert review team. PIP

implants do not pose a

long-term health risk.

Examination of samples across

the world found the

unauthorised gel filler used

was chemically very similar to

medical grade sill crn. It says

the implants are not toxic nor

carcinogenic but it found PIPs

do have double the rupture rate

of other implants. This can

cause local reactions such as

swollen lymph glands and

tenderness but not long-term

health problems. The review

team accepts many women will

remain anxious. They will be

disappointed that we have

breast implants that are

clearly weaker than others but

I guess the good news in all of

this is that the gel inside

when it leaks out is not

toxic. Gemma Pepper is one of

47,000 British women with PIP

implants. She was desperately

worried about what the filler

might do to her health but is

now greatly relieved. Women are

still really worried there's a

bit of panic out there. I'm

hoping the report once people

have looked into it they will

calm down and they will realise

that it's a lot safer than we

initially thought it was going

to be. This scandal became

major news in December when the

French Government advised all

women there with PIP implants

to have surgery to remove them

as a precaution. A review of

cosmetic surgery which could

see tighter restrictions on the

industry is now under way. The

aim - to ensure a similar

scandal never happens again.

It's estimated that 9,000

Australian women have PIP

breast implants. A law firm in

Adelaide has taken up the case.

Tim White, a lawyer with

Tindall Gask Bentley says they

will still be pushing ahead

with the class action. Well

that is true, yes, we certainly

will be pursuing the class

action still whilst the report

says the silicon is not toxic

we've known that for a long

time, according to test results

from the TGA and some other authorities. But what this

report importantly indicates is

that these implants have an

unacceptably high rupture

rate. How many women have been

in touch with you over this

since you began investigating

the possibility of the class

action? Well since we've been investigating it, which was

from earlier this year we've

been contacted by in excess of

1,000 women and those women

have been from the various

States and Territories of

Australia. And given that this

report recommends not replacing

these implants unless women

have a particular problem, what

are you pursuing with the class action? Are you after compensation rather than free replacement? Well, there's a number of aspects to the class

action in terms of potential damages that these women are entitled to and it takes into account potentially things like the replacement cost, medical cost that they incur leading up to the surgery, the surgery costs, paper every week and try to pinch our advertisers, offer them freebies and all sorts of things. And they're not alone. Across the country the Post newspaper group's feeling the pinch. I think the biggest challenge is the very large international media groups who really do set out to crush the small independent owner like us. They use their market power or misuse their market power to undercut your advertisers and try to lure them away from you. Bret Christian believe some are offering deals below cost, an anti-competitive practice he says should be stamped out. If they succeed in what they're trying to do these voices will disappear, these alternative voices, these alternative outlets for people's opinions and news and letters, everything, will be gone and that's the aim. And while times are tough, some say for now the outlook for smaller, weekly papers is brighter than the broad sheetings. There's still significant rel estate

revenues, retail is certainly

under pressure but you've got

to think retail is probably

spending some of their money on

targeting their local audience

so there's still good money to

be made for newspaper publishiers. Sometimes Sometimes

I feel it's charity. If I

didn't love it I wouldn't be

going, I guess. From the giants

of the industry to the smallest

players, the challenge is the

same - making news profitable.

same - making news profitable.

Melbourne Water has been

ordered to pay back $231

million to households wrongly

charged for the yet to be

completed desalination plant.

The mistake resulted in

households being incorrectly

billed with some paying an

extra $110. The Victorian

Government has now frozen next

month's planned 10% increase on

water bills to make up for the

error. It says offsetting the

error. It says offsetting the

rise will be less complex. It's

the most practical way to

return it to customers. If you

look at a number of the social

security organisations,

including V Cost has been

saying, they believe this sort

of way of returning it is the

best way to return it. Any outstanding overcharges

including interest will also be

taken off water bills over the

next year. The desalination

plant near Wonthaggi was

supposed to be finished in December last

December last year. Furious

negotiations are continuing in

Athens to settle on a new

coalition government for

Greece. Conservatives hope to

finalise it as early as tonight

and there's plenty of pressure

abroad for them to end the

bailout crisis. Philip Williams

reports from Athens. The winner

and their would be partners.

The day became a revol -

revolving door of potential coalition

coalition cohorts for New

Democracy the Party that narrow

l one the most votes. It's

leader Antonis Samaras said he

wanted a unity government that

included all parties despite

the smiles he was never going

to convince the left wing

Syriza coalition leader Alex

Tsipras to join in.

TRANSLATION: There must be a

government of national

salvation with as many parties

as possible. From the discussion I had with the

president of Syriza, it was

made clear that Mr Tsipras does

not want to participate in such

a government. The one thing all

parties do agree on, the new

government must be installed as

soon as possible.

TRANSLATION: There must be a

government soon and soon we

must take on the very

significant role of the

national opposition so that we

can monitor the government. Even when

government. Even when the

Government is declared, it

won't have a commanding

majority. With the nation's

finances in such a precarious

state another early election is

possible. More pain for most

Greeks inevitable. For me

there's no winners, no losers,

we are the losers and we're

going to have to pay. Many feel

that in 3 months we're going to

still have new

still have new elections. Let's

hope that this is not the case

for Greece. The Greek people

have had more than enough

elections for now. They just

want a government that works.

The main priority for millions

of Greeks is to simply get an

effective government and get it

quickly and get a sense that

this country can move forward

and away from the abyss that's

threatened them for so long. Let's take a

Let's take a check now ocht

markets. Here's David Land from

CMC Markets. Things looking

more cautious today? The ASX

200 is down about 18 points at the moment so quite the

reversal of form from the

session we saw yesterday. Not

surprising, I don't think,

given that the US wasn't really

able to find much traction and

we're probably dependent on a

strong lead from that market in

order to keep up with

order to keep up with

yesterday's gains. As I say,

quite the reversal of form,

particularly looking at the

sector by sector break down, we're seeing energy as the

worst performer and it was one

of the better ones yesterday

where there was much focus on

the growth side of the market.

Looking at what's doing well

today we've got areas like

health care and also looking

into those wider defensive

areas of the market seem to be

today. And the better performers

today. And the day after the

axe fell at Fairfax, is it

doing? We've got wide weakness

being seen across that sector.

The media company's fall in the consumer discretionary area

which is one of the worst

performers of the day we're

certainly seeing weakness of

falls of more than 4% on

Fairfax shares. Looking more widely across the space we've

also got companies like Ten and News weaker

News weaker today but it's

those publishing companies that

subset of the consumer

discretionary sector that's one

of the lesser performers. That

sector is down more than 4%.

Now I think the market is

really digesting a lot of the

revisions of strategy that

we're seeing coming out of

Fairfax, particularly the way

in which they're looking for a

pay wall going up for their

online content. This type of

thing is being digested by the market and I think

market and I think being seen

as the sort of broader strategy

that we'll see coming from a

lot of the media companies, not

only in Australia but globally

seems to be quite the

trend. The minutes of the

Reserve Bank's last rates

meeting have come out today.

Any sign of more cuts to come

briefly? Look, I think we're seeing the decision that the

RBA had to make was a very

balanced one based on a lot of

and a weakness coming from overseas

and a really mixed picture coming from Australia. So I

think we'll be looking at

inflation figures and those

growth figures in Australia

will be really quite telling

for what we see in the

future. Thank you, David. Thank

you. On to Wall Street and any

joy over Greece morphed back to

fear that Spain and Italy will

still be the next big problem.

Tech stocks were the stand out.

on positive Apple, oracle and eBay were up

on positive falls - reports.

10 years after they were set

up Rwanda's community genocide

courts have finally heard their

last case. Up to a million

adult in suspects were try and almost no

adult in the country was left

un touched by the

investigation. Africa

correspondent Ginny Stein

reports from Rwanda's capital

Kigali. Neither lawyer nor

judge but that's what Fortunee

Mukandungutse has been for the

past decade. Sitting in

judgment of Rwanda's genocide

killers. She sometimes knew the

killers and sometimes the

members of victims. She also lost many

members of her own family.

TRANSLATION: There were very terrifying stories, for

example, someone starting

relating how he killed a person

that we might know and what

sort of weapon he used. That sometimes traumatised us.

Rwanda's Gacaca or community

based courts were the country's

answer to an appalling crime

million committed on a massive scale. 1

million people killed in 100

days in a genocide targeting

Rwanda's ethnic Tutsis. Xavier

Nemeye is a murderer. He

confessed to killing 6 people

but was ultimately pardon ed

after years in jail.

TRANSLATION: The court case

reconciled us with those whose

relatives we killed. We never

thought we would ever see and

be able to talk to those people

be able to talk to those people

again. Rather than choosing to

ignore the past, Rwanda decided

the only way to rebuild its

shattered nation was to

prosecute. It was here in this

building in that the Force

Gacaca court was held. Now

victims p an perpetrators live

side by side. There have been

expect that. It was a problems, of course, you'd

expect that. It was a massive

process, 11,000 courts over a

10-year period there

undoubtedly were problems but

on balance we'd have to say

this has been a really positive

and revolutionary way of doing

justice. Rwanda's President

paid tribute to all those

involved. 2 million have been

judged, a quarter set free. But

Rwanda remains a fragile

nation, reconciliation is going

nation, reconciliation is going

to take time. Both candidates

are claiming victory but the

result of Egypt's presidential

run off election pitting an

Islamist against the former

prime minister won't be known

until Thursday. Amid the vacuum

the country's ruling military

council has granted itself

sweeping powers raising

concerns about its willingness

to hand over the

to hand over the reins to a new

president. Is this the new face

of Egypt? Is the world's oldest

Islamist party, the Muslim

Brotherhood, about to take

power here? The people out

celebrating on Tahrir Square

today certainly think so.

TRANSLATION: I'm happy because

TRANSLATION: I'm happy because Mohammad Morsi is our new

president. He's one of

us. Supporters of the military

candidate Ahmed Shafiq say it's

not yet over. We have to wait,

the decision of the committee

for the presidential

election. If the Muslim

Brotherhood does win, he says,

it will be a disaster. But a

President Morsi will still have

to get past these men and they don't appear to

don't appear to be going

anywhere. Today Egypt's ruling

military council awarded itself

sweeping new powers. These men

are now more powerful than

Mubarak ever was. Egypt's new parliament should be meeting down the street here tomorrow

morning but it won't be. The

MPs have been locked out, the

Parliament has been dissolved.

Egypt's military council is now

back in charge of legislation

and more importantly it's the military, not military, not the new

president, that will oversee

the writing of Egypt's new

constitution. Close observers

of the Egyptian revolution say

the military has no intention

of handing full powers to the

new president. The real

question is going to be how

much of his cabinet the

President is going to be able

to name without the supreme

council of the armed forces

signing off on it. The Muslim Brotherhood supporterses pay Brotherhood supporterses pay be

out celebrating victory tonight

but their joy may be very

premature. Cyber bullying is

the online version of play ground intimidation and arguably harder to battle

because the assailants are

unseen. Today a national

campaign is being launched

encouraging young people to

support friends targeted by

cyber bullies. The Australian Human Rights Commission is

behind the back me up campaign.

Dr Helen Szoke is the Dr Helen Szoke is the

commission's spokesperson. Well

the back me up campaign is

specifically looking at cyber

bullying and young people and

what we want to do is to make

sure where young people know

that cyber bullying is

occurring that they are confident enough to know what

to do and how to intervene. How

can you effectively support

someone who is a victim of

cyber bullying, is it a case of

going to a teacher and telling

them what's happening or is it

more than that? Well, we've more than that? Well, we've got

a website and also a Facebook

page that has a whole range of

tips on it and we're really

encouraging kids and teach efrs

and parents to go to that page.

There are many things you can

do. You can take a photo or a

screen drop of the messages,

you can talk to the person who

has been bullied to reassure them they haven't done anything wrong and they shouldn't be

bullied. You can look at the privacy settings, you can

report this. If you report this. If you don't feel

confident enough to report it

to someone in authority find an

intermediary. You can actually

keep a log of the kind of

evidence of bullying so that

there's a bit of a case that

can be answered. The important thing is that you don't stand

by, that you actually do do something to help the person

being cyber bullied. And the

thing about cyber bullying is

that it occurs in private

with a young places, it occurs very much

with a young person looking at

their phone, on their computer,

at night, playing on their X

box, what we want to do is

bring this out into the open

and to empower young people to

intervene. You have an event

taking place there this morning

that involves well known media personalities, former

Australia's got talent gone

testant is also taking part. All victims of bullying

what's striking is so many All victims of bullying and

people have had this

experience? Ruby Rose is

overseeing the event here at Sydney's Secondary College and

I hadn't realised her own

bullying at school was quite

brutal. The other thing of

concern is that one of the

was a function in Melbourne saddest events I had to attend

with the parents of a couple of

kids who had actually taken

their own lives were there

really trying to promote really trying to promote this

anti-bullying campaign. So

bullying is not something that

we should take lightly and

cyber bullying, it's a new

area, we've got new

technologies, we've got an

expansion in the use of how

young people communicate, this

is the right time to actually

empower young people to say

they have a responsibility,

they have a right to intervene

and to give them the tools to

do that. Dr Helen Szoke, thank

you. Thanks for the opportunity, bye-bye. To opportunity, bye-bye. To the

weather now. The satellite

shows cloud crossing south east

NSW with a front, speckled

cloud flowing over Tasmania and

eastern Victoria in the wake of

this front and thick cloud

crossing south-west WA with

should move east wards another front. A large high

directing showers on to the

Queensland coast while keeping

the east, north and interior

mostly clear. A strong front

should push across the west and

storms. A south bringing rain and a few

storms. A trough ahead of this

system should generate showers

in Victoria and Tasmania.

Let's go back to the stock exchange for a final check of the markets:

That's the news for now. Our

next full bulletin on ABC 1 is

at 7:00 this evening. I'm Ros

Childs, have a great afternoon. Closed Captions by


This Program is Captioned Live.


Q&A. Good evening and welcome to

Q&A. I'm Tony Jones. Answering

your questions tonight - News

Limited columnist and host of

ABC two's dumb, drunk and

racist Joe Hildebrand. ABC

broadcaster turned State

Liberal minister Pru Goward.

British comedian actor and

writer Lenny Henry. Nobel Prize

winning astrophysicist, Brian