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Live. At least 30 years jail

for another Milat convicted of

murder. More massacres and

rebel retaliation. (Explosions

). Keeps the heat on the UN to

act. For many months it has

been evident that President

Assad and his Government have

lost all legitimacy. New signs

it is serious. China cuts

rates to counter Europe's

gloom. We earn 10 times less

than we used to. And the slap

seen around the world.

Election campaign mark two

turns ugly in Greece. Welcome

to ABC across Australia I'm Ros

Childs. ANZ has become the

first big bank to move this

time. A few minutes ago it

followed the RBA's quarter

point interest rate cut with a

quarter point cut of its own to

its variable mortgage rate. On the stockmarket the All

Ordinaries is down had points.

The Nikkei lower. Dow Jones

ended in the black and the

Australian on the slid at 2 9

US cents. More finance later

in the bulletin. It is another

chapter in the criminal story

of the Milat family. The great

nephew of serial killer Ivan

Milat has been sentenced to at

least 30 years in prison for

murdering the teenager David

Auchterlonie. Matthew Milat

and his co-accused Cohen Klein

were convicted of killing their

former friend with an axe 18

months ago in the same bushland

where Milat's great uncle

slaughtered 7 backpackers in

the 1990s of the court reporter

Karl Hoerr joins me from

outside the Supreme Court.

What was the reaction to this

sentence? Ros, Matthew Milat

and his co-offend ders Cohen

Klein both now 19, sat in the

dock as details of their crime

were read out, in particular, gruesome detail to the court

which included many members of

the family of the victim, David

Auchterlonie, as well as friends and relatives. Of

course, as you mentioned, this

crime took place in the

Belanglo State Forest, the same

forest where Matthew Milat's

great uncle lured a number of

backpackers to that location

and murdered them and now he's

of course serving life in

prison for that particular

crime. Matthew Milat listened

as the sentence was read out,

as did Cohen Klein. Now,

Matthew Milat's sentence was 30

years non-parole with an

additional 13 years on the

balance and the earliest

possible release date for him

will be 21 November 20 40. As

for Cohen Klein, his sentence

was a minimum non-parole period

of 22 years and that will

expire in November 20 32.

There was somewhat muted

reaction in court but outside

the court David Auchterlonie's

mother said that she was glad

that the sentence was not any

shorter than this and that she

felt that the judge did

understand the gravity of this

offence. Remind us of the

details of this crime? David

Auchterlonie was just 17 years

old when he went into the

Belanglo forest, drove in a car

with a few people he regarded

as friends to smoke marijuana.

It quickly emerged there was a

much more sinister intention to

this particular trip. He was

asked to get out of the car, in

fact, it was Cohen Klein that

suggested he get out of the car

where Matthew Milat already was

at the rear of the car. Milat

pulled out a doublesided axe

and struck Auchterlonie a

number of times. He ran in

fear for his life but couldn't

get away and eventually there

was a blow to the back of his

head which proved to be the

fatal blow. In terms of the

cull upability for this case.

Matthew Milat's was regarded as

extremely high. Of course,

because he struck the fatal

blow. He wrote about the

offence some nine months after

in prison and he wrote some

fairly disturbing poetry about

how he regarded himself as a

killer and the judge noted that

in saying that there was

absolutely no remorse shown by

him and it is certainly a cold

blooded killing in the worst

case. She took that into

account in handing down the

sentence. As for Cohen Klein,

his culpability was regards as

less but the judge found he

knew that there was a plan by

Matthew Milat to kill David

Auchterlonie even before they

went to the forest. We'll have

to leave it there, Karl. Thank

you. Controversial Olympic

swimmers Nick D'Arcy and

Kenrick Monk have apologised

for a photo which shows them

holding high-powered weapons at

a US gun shop. The head of

Australia's Olympic mission

says the swimmers may have

brought the squad into

disrepute and he hasn't ruled

out axing the pair. The

Brisbane Airport this morning

they said the photo was posted

online after they fired shot at

a Californian rival range. It

was meant to be a bit of fun.

Photos were a bit of fun. If

anyone's been offended I deeply

apologise. It was never the

intent. It was never supposed

to be offensive. It wasn't

meant to be out there to offend

anyone. Swimming Australia is

investigating. In a dangerous escalation of the Syrian

crisis, the United Nations says

its monitors were fired on as they tried to investigate the

site of another reported mass

killing of civilians. Opposition activists say 78

people, including women and

children, were slaughtered by

pro Government forces in an

attack that the UN has

condemned and the Secretary

General has called an

unspeakable barbarity. North

America correspondent Craig

McMurtrie reports. More bullets

and bloodshed in Syria.

(Explosions ). The

international community appears

unable to do anything about it.

At the UN, a rare moment of

unity, a moment's silence for

the dead. Charred remains in

the tiny village of Qubair and disturbing images of dead

children posted on the web by

opposition activists who say

dozens were slaughtered here.

Ban Ki-Moon called attack

shocking and sickening. The

trail of blood leads back to

those responsible. Unarmed UN

monitors were not only denied

access by Syrian Government

forces, they were fired on. The

UN monitors were shot at with

small arms. Condemning the

latest bloodshed Kofi Annan

acknowledged his peace plan

isn't working. I must be frank

and confirm that the plan is

not being implemented. Others

lined up to condemn the Assad

regime. People are dying as we

speak. We call on the Syrian

Government to put an end to the blood letting

immediately. There's a case to

be made that crimes against humanity have been

committed. The Assad regime

denies any involvement and the

UN Security Council can't

agree. The demands for an

immediate regime changes are

simply going nowhere. It is

wrong to rely on support of

those Opposition groups. On a

visit to Turkey, the US

Secretary of State called the

latest violence unconscionable.

Assad has doubled down on his

brutality and duplicity. The

White House is calling it an

affront to human dignity tea.

For all the condemnation, the

international community remains divided over military intervention and whether the

regime is controlling the

militia groups blamed for the

massacres or whether Syria is

succumbing to sectarian

violence and civil war. Craig McMurtrie, ABC News

Washington. Australia is to

lift its remaining sanctions

against Burma. Foreign

Minister Bob Carr says all but

the arms embargo will go in a

bid to encourage further

democratic re foorms. Bob Carr

is on a three day visit to the

country. He made the

announcement after vas sitting President Thein Sein. Zoe

Daniel is on the line from

Rangoon. Has significant a

move is this? I think it is

significant. It is perhaps

symbolic more than anything else. Australia's always had

limited sanctions on Burma

relating to the movement of particular individuals in the

military and their armament to

move their money and out of Australia. All of those

angries will be lifts add part

from the arms embargo. This is part of the Government's new

policy of engagement with Burma

rather than coercion. The

Minister believes it is better

to try to engage with the

Government to achieve change.

Here what he had to say about

that? We believe it is a

gesture of goodwill to say to

the Government they go, but we

understand and I think they'd

understand that were there

serious back sliding or a

reversal of reform, that we're

in a position with one

signature to reimpose them. There's also going to be

more Australian aid for Burma.

There will be. I think we'll

see a big flow of foreign

investment and foreign aid and

they're two things that the

ministers have been looking at

very closely here. Australian

companies obviously will be

investing in Burma now that the

country is opening up, but also

Australia's acknowledged

compared to surrounding

countries like Cambodia and

Laos, the amount of aid that

flows in here is very low, so

that amount will be doubled by

2015. That money will go into

a variety of things, including

protecting the heritage of

Rangoon, for example, but

specifically education and

health, two areas that are

funded with less than 1% of

Burmese GDP. In great need of

development. They are the two

areas that Australia will be

specifically targeting. Pro-democracy leader

Aung San Suu Kyi has said

she'll come to Australia. When

is that likely to happen? She

says they will she'll come to

Australia next year and in fact

about a year ago when I spoke

with her, I said that my son

would like her to some and see

him and she said I would love

to visit Australia. I've

always wanted to visit

Australia. When she was

invited she said she sees

Australia and New Zealand as

very unusual places and she's

very much looking forward to

visiting. She says this year's

she too busy but next year she'll come. All right Zoe Daniel, thank you. There's

been plenty of political

conflict over Europe's

financial trubts. Now in

Greece MPs have literally come to blows with the far-right

leader attacking two other

politicians on a TV talk show.

Meanwhile in Berlin Angela

Merkel was finding common

ground with fellow conservative

David Cameron although the

German and British leaders

still have some key differences. Europe correspondent Phillip Williams

reports. With talk of a possible break up of the

Eurozone, the German

Chancellor, Angela Merkel, has

a plan. Get closer, much

closer. TRANSLATION: We

need a political union first

pan foremost. This means we

must creed responsibilities to

Europe step by step. The German leader welcomed British Prime Minister David Cameron to

Berlin. His message, fix the

Eurozone and fast. But he

accepts the need for greater

integration for Eurozone

countries but you can count

Britain out of that

equation. Britain's not in the

single-currency. We don't be

joining the single-currency, so

we won't take part in that integration. While these are

big picture issues, there are immediate demands from a

Spanish banking system in

crisis. With estimates banks

like Bankia will need around

100 billion euro in emergency

funds. The Spanish Government

wants money directed straight

to the banks but not if it comes with Greek style

austerity. The political

pressures in Greece erupted

with on air violence when a

Golden Dawn MP attacked two

left-wing MPs. First with

words. Then water. And

finally, Fistulas. This ugly

attack was condemned by all the

other parties. The offender is

wanted by police. The outrage

over his actions could

seriously damage Golden Dawn

just 10 days before the

election. He may have done his

opponents an enormous favour in

one violent outburst. Phillip

Williams, ABC News, London. It seems China is willing to do

more to take some of the pressure off Europe's debt

crisis. It's delivered twin

surprises, cutting interest

rates and giving banks more

flexibility to set competitive

lending and deposit rates. The

move has pleased global markets

and briefly sent the Australian

dollar back above parity with

the greenback. Unfinished tower

blocks as far as the high can

see. China's decade long

building boom has been the

biggest in history. Is it

heading for bust? Growth here

running out of steam. From

wood to steel and more, China's voracious demand kept the

global economy growing through

the downturn. Now trade is

drying up. China's domestic

economy slowing. TRANSLATION:

We earn 10 times less than we

used, says Mr Young, house are

not being sold, business is

bad. How to reignite growth is

China's main concern now. Its

old reliance on exports no

longer looks sustainable,

especially when Europe, the

biggest single buyer of China's

products, is in such trouble.

That's why China's leaders have

today cut interest rates.

They'll hand over to a new

generation of communist rulers

this year and don't want to

bequeath them a stumbling

economy. To stimulate it, and

shift away from relying on

exports and construction, the

Government has just begun

giving subsidies to anyone who

buys a fridge, TV or small car.

The lure of China's billion

plus consumers is what brought

this room full of British

businessmen to Beijing last

week. China may not now be the

source of growth many in the

West are hoping for. China is

going through its own process

after justment. The Chinese

authorities are very well aware

of the way they need to

re-balance the economy set out

in the 12th five-year plan and

a lot of good progress has been

made in that direction. The

last count, China was still

growing official at 8% a year, but leader here are clearly

worried and they're moving fast

to prop things up. Australia's

trade deficit has narrowed more

than expected coming in at 200

million dollars after a surge

in exports. Also, lunchtime

figures out of Canberra show

home loan approvals rising in

April. The numbers of loans

granted to build or buy homes

was up point 2%, rising for a

second consecutive month. It is

an age old profession that's

rapidly stepping into the

digital age. A Tasmanian sheep

farmer is developing a

smartphone application that

agriculture groups are hailing

as the future of the

industry. For Merino farmer

James McShane rounding up the

sheep is a tried and tested

job. But tradition was out of

sink with technology. What we

need is technologies to be able

to a sis us running these

conditions, operate in these conditions. In Tasmania's

Midlands, he set about

developing a smartphone

application. It presents a

perfect opportunity to create

something which farmers will be

able to use effectively and

they take their phone with them

everywhere anyway. Farmers can

load information like livestock

and cropping records on the

ground and the information is stored in a cloud service.

When I get back at home at the

end of the day, they can get

the sink button on their PC and

get that data. Mr Bendall says

similar applications exist but

they're tempting to broaden the

capabilities. Things like not

being able to record one mob on

multiple paddocks for example

is really restrictive. Smrt

phone technologies have the

potential to boost

productivity. One of the big

things today farmers face is

more and more compliance

requirements, there's more and

more paperwork. The inspiration

of rural Tasmania is now in the

testing phases with more than

20 farmers from across Australia trialling the software. The indigenous age

has presented a lot of

opportunities to refine what we

do as farmers. With the launch

date later this year, managing

stock could soon be at the

touch of a screen. A check of

the markets. Here's Michael

McCarthy from CMC Markets. The

market down December despite

the cut in Chinese interest

rates. Yes, Ros. Unfortunately the market continues to focus

on the negative aspects.

They've peer with this move in

Chinese interest rates to put

two and two together and got

five. The selling I'm hearing,

the explanations for it from

the traders is that this cut in

interest rates is coming ahead

of important data due on the

weekend, that is industrial

production, retail sales and

inflation numbers, and that

those numbers must be very weak for the authorities to have

moved in this way. We've also got another effect in play

here, the Australian market had

its best two-day rise in six

weeks over the last two days

and given the major events come

ahead, the Greek election, the meeting of the Federal open market committee in the US and

the meeting of euro ministers

later in the month, it is lun

unlikely the market can build

up a significantly head of

steam ahead of those

events. Within the last hour,

ANZ has moved on its interest

rates. Yes. That has resulted

in all the banks coming under

pressure. The ANZ has passed

through the full 25 basis point

Reserve Bank cut and that's

disappointed some shareholders

hoping to further relieve

margin pressure by partially

passing it through. That's

weighing on the whole banking

sector. It is town more than

the market at 1.5%. Another

breaking story - James

Packer's casino battle has

taken a new twist. Yes, John

storey has resigned today from

the board in a statement from

the company they've outlined

that Mr Storey felt it best to

put the situation in front of

shareholders, but the board

felt it best to remove this

potential disruptive event from

the business and they've asked

for his resignation. Mr Storey

has agreed with the board and

resigned. Miners are bucking

the overall trend? Yes. We're

seeing a better response here. That stimulus that the Chinese

have announced appears to be

supporting the mining sector in

a perverse two minded way of looking at the market.

Overall, they're best performing sector and at this

stage down only about point 3

of a percent. Michael McCarthy,

thank you. Thank you. Wall

Street rose when China

unexpectedly cut interest

rates. It fell back again

though when it appeared the

central bank would not

immediately be jumping in to

stimulate the American economy.

The Dow held on to some of its

gains. The S&P fell flat while

the Nasdaq dropped into the red.

This week's GDP employment

numbers suggest our economy is

going strong. But a new report

says we're missing out on tens

of billions of dollars worth of

growth. The Grattan Institute

has pinpointed three reforms

calling them game changers

which it says will deliver $70

billion of new growth within

the next decade. The reforms

are not painless. They are

apply the G. S T to food

health and education, extend

the retirement age to 70 and

increase the participation of

women in the workforce. John

Daley is the CEO of the Grattan Institute. We certainly will be

working longer and it's not

surprising that that's one of

the ways that you can grow the

size of the economy and make us

all better off. Yes, there

will be changes, but on the

other hand if we're serious

about growing the size of the

economy so we can pay for many

of the things we would like to

pay for, that's what we'll have

to do. Let's look at the

reforms in more detail.

Extending GST to health, food

and education. How would that deliver increase growth?

Extending the GST in itself is

not the key reform here in a

sense the real thing is

reducing corporate and income

taxes as a result. Because

those taxes distort the economy

more than a GST, if you swap

taxes, so you broaden the GST,

reduce corporate and income

taxes, that has the effect of

encouraging economic growth and

activity that wouldn't

otherwise happen. The Prime

Minister held a childcare

summit yesterday act

knowledging that childcare

costs are very high here. Does

Australia have a particularly

low workforce participation

amongst women with young

children compared to other

countries in the developed

world? We have a low

participation rate of women

relative to many countries in

the developed world and we're

more than enough of our women

are going through higher

education. We have very good

rates of higher education,

participation amongst women,

but the key issue is the number

of women who either drop-out of

the workforce entirely or or go

part-time at the point they

have small children. When you

look at the drivers of that, it

is primarily around how much

does a mother get to keep out

of her pay packet after she's

paid tax, after she's got

getting so much benefits she's

earning money and paid for

childcare. In Australia relative to the rest of the

world women get to keep

relatively little and as a

result, relatively few of them

par fates in the

workforce. What does the report

propose in terms of encouraging

older workers to stay on in the

workforce? At the moment, we provide very strong incentives

for people to retire at the age

of 65. When you ask people in

Australia why you retired, the

major reason is not because I

couldn't get a job or I got

fired or I can't work any more

because I'm not physically

able, the major reason why

people retire is because I

reached retirement age. Those

are the incentives we're giving

them. Most people aged 70 are

in fact still in very good

health and we're saying we

should give them incentives to

do so rather than giving them incentives through the aged

pension to retire. John Daley,

thank you. Thank you. Let's

have a beginning look at other

stories making news around the

world. Demonstrators have been

protesting in Kiev about what

they claim is unpaid

construction work they did

ahead of the euro 2012 soccer championships. British

Government ministers are boycotting the championships to protest against the treatment

of jailed Opposition leader

Yulia Tymoshenko. The British

move follows similar threats of

boycotts by other EU nations

including Germany Hollande and

Austria. Large biting spiders

are causing panic in remote north-west India but authorities fear primitive treatment of their painful

bites may be more dangerous

than the spiders themselves.

Two people died in one district

after witch doctors used raiser

blades to drain the wounds.

And Prince William is now

qualified to fly Sea King

helicopters for search and

rescue missions in the Royal

Air Force. It will be

something else for the Prince

to celebrate when he turns 30

in two weeks time. He

previously only been authorised

as a copilot. Australian

sprinter Sally Pearson has

claimed an impressive victory

at the Diamond League athletics

meet in Oslo this morning. The

25-year-old beat her rivals in

the final of the 100 metre

hurdles in a time of 12.49

seconds. She beat home

American Kristi Castlin and Britain's Tiffany Porter to

further push her claims for a

gold medal in London. .

COMMENTATOR: This is a very

good run by Pearson. Pearson's

got to get this. Kristi

Castlin of the United States

get the second place. 12.49.

That is terrifically quick. At

the same meet Jamaican Usain

Bolt won the 100 metre sprint

narrowly beating his main rival

Asafa Powell to clock 9.79

seconds. He kept his feet after running into a flower

girl trying to give him a

bouquet for his win. Australian

tennis player is he's Samantha

Stosur has been knocked out of

the French Tennis Open in the

semifinals. The 28-year-old

was upset by Italian is Sara

Errani who will play Maria

Sharapova in the final. It is a

big enough feet to reach 100

years of age but to have a

sibling also achieve the

milestone is virtually unheard

of. For two British sisters

it's won them official

recognition as the oldest

siblings in the world. Meet

sisters Marjorie and Dorothy.

Combined age 213 years. Today

their children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren have

gathered in celebration. Hip

hip, sure ray. Marjorie who is

105 and Dorothy who is 108 are

officially recognised as the

oldest siblings in the world.

Clearly, they're still enjoying

an age old friendship. I

haven't seen her for ages. So

it's very nice to be able to

see her again. How do you feel

today? How I do feel? Rather

embarrassed. (Laughter). It is

hard to imagine the changes

these remarkable women have

lived through. Born into an

age of horse power they were

growing children as the First

World War ravaged Europe.

During the carefree 20s life

was full of teenage excitement.

Then Asma read women living

through World War II, but also

the bewildering technical

advances which swept the world,

including the discovery of

penicillin. It is a good

feeling to have a grandmother

who is 100 years old but 105 is

pretty good age to be. World

record in the againist world

record book that's quite

cool. Quite a celebration then.

For sisters who say the secret

to a long life is - hard

work. Returning to our lead

story . The 30-year minimum

prison sentence handed down to

the great nephew of serial

killer Ivan Milat for murdering

the teenager David

Auchterlonie. The mother of

the victim has spoken to the

media in Sydney. Here is some

of what she had to say. I don't

have a lot to say except I'm

glad he got as long as he did.

It will never be truly enough

because David is gone. He can

be released in time and go and

still live some of his life

there, but I'm glad they didn't

get any less. A look at the

weather now. The satellite

shows cloud over southern WA

with a trough. Queensland over

South-East Queensland and

north-east NSW with onshore

winds. Cloud with a jet stream

over Queensland and skies are

mostly clear elsewhere under a

high. A high over bight should

cause a cold night for

south-east Australia, the high

should direct showery south-easterlies into

north-east NSW and South-East

Queensland. Fresh

south-westerly winds should

bring showers to Victoria and

Tasmania. A trough over the

south-west should bring showers

and storms. Around the

capitals: showers for

Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne,

early frost in Canberra, Hobart

cloudy, Adelaide mostly sunny,

Perth mostly sunny and it

should be sunny in

Darwin. Let's go back to the

Stock Exchange for a final

check of the markets. The All

Ordinaries is down 43 points.

Keep deep stalls in Japan.

That's the news for now. On

a day when the great nephew of

Ivan Milat was sentenced to a

minimum 30 years jail for a

murder in Belanglo forest in

NSW, and China cut interest

rates to counter an economic

slow down in Europe. There's

continuous news on ABC News 24

and also there's also newsion

loin. Our next full bulletin

on ABC 1 is at 7 o'clock this

evening. I'm Ros Childs.

Thanks for joining us. Have a

good afternoon and a great

weekend. Bye for now. Closed Captions by CSI

This Program is Captioned Live.

APPLAUSE

Good evening. Can you stop

clapping now. Welcome to Q&A,

live from Toowoomba's Empire

Theatre. I'm Tony Jones.

Answering your questions

tonight - Greens leader

Christine Milne, Shadow Minister for regional development Barnaby Joyce.

Farmer and President of the QLD

Rural Women's Network Georgie

Somerset, the Minister for

regional Australia and the arts