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US fears homegrown terrorism -

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ELEANOR HALL: To the United States now and those fears about US links to international terrorist
attacks.

A Chicago man has been charged with helping to plot last year's Mumbai attacks. The 49-year-old
appeared in court today pleading not guilty to 12 charges.

But the case is just one of a spate of incidents which are raising concerns about the
radicalisation of Americans, as Washington correspondent Kim Landers reports.

KIM LANDERS: David Headley is the American citizen who could provide some vital clues about the
deadly siege in the Indian city of Mumbai.

He's accused of making five trips to Mumbai over two years, scoping out targets including the Taj
Mahal hotel, the train station and a Jewish centre.

It's also alleged the 49-year-old took boat tours around Mumbai's harbour, checking landing sites
for the terrorists who arrived in small boats.

It means David Headley could answer the question about whether the gunmen had help to land
undetected by sea and strike their targets with such precision.

Richard Nelson is a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in
Washington.

RICHARD NELSON: It shows that we have a trend developing here that, you know, is of concern. I
don't think it's an exploding trend but it's something certainly that's gaining momentum.

KIM LANDERS: Why do you think that is?

RICHARD NELSON: One of the reasons is you're getting very active recruiting on behalf of the
terrorist groups. You know Westerners are an incredible asset for terrorist organisations.

KIM LANDERS: David Headley's appearance in a Chicago court today lasted only about three minutes.

Shackled and surrounded by federal marshals he's pleaded not guilty to charges including conspiracy
to bomb public places in India and conspiracy to murder and maim in India.

It's alleged that after each of his trips to India, David Headley went to Pakistan to share his
surveillance results.

He's allegedly told investigators that he'd been working with the group Lashkar-e-Toiba since 2002
and had twice attended terrorist training camps in Pakistan.

The chairman of the Senate Homeland Security Committee Joe Lieberman has been airing concerns about
the case today.

JOE LIEBERMAN: To what extent should a case such as this one lead us to think about broadening the
screens that we have in an attempt to try to detect and disrupt American citizens or people living
here who are travelling overseas to carry out terrorist attacks?

KIM LANDERS: David Heyman is the assistant secretary for policy at the Department of Homeland
Security. He describes the Headley case as "significant".

DAVID HEYMAN: We see that individuals and in these specific US citizens are in fact sympathetic to
Al Qaeda, to its affiliates, to the ideology and as such we can no longer assume that Americans are
not involved in terrorism.

KIM LANDERS: David Headley is the son of an American mother and a Pakistani father. Senator Joe
Lieberman points out that he changed his name in 2006.

JOE LIEBERMAN: He changed his name. His original name was Daood Gilani and he changed it to David
Headley allegedly to reduce scrutiny by immigration and customs officials while travelling.

And I wonder just as this is a test case, what can be done to try to avoid, to block this kind of
name change being used as a way to avoid being on a watch list.

KIM LANDERS: Timothy Healy is the director of the Terrorist Screening Center at the FBI.

TIMOTHY HEALY: I find my, I find challenges in my particular position because it's truly a
balancing act. It's a balancing act between safeguarding civil liberties and protecting the
American people.

And the best we can do is just keep driving the intelligence and keep working the intelligence as
much as we possibly can to get the information.

KIM LANDERS: Anti-terrorism officials say there's a growing number of Americans who are getting
involved in extremist plots.

An Afghan American Najibullah Zazi has been charged in a New York bomb plot that's been described
as the most serious threat since September the 11th and young Somali Americans have been enticed to
join the fight in Somalia.

Richard Nelson from the Center for Strategic and International Studies says the ability of these
men to travel freely on US passports is a concern.

RICHARD NELSON: We're seeing, you know, Zazi who was trained in Pakistan but was an Afghan. We're
seeing Somalis from Minnesota, some of them being recruited into Al-Shabaab. We're seeing you know
the case with Headley where his linkage is to LET.

That's what's concerning about this; is not just one particular group. All these international
groups seem to be trying to tap into the Western base.

KIM LANDERS: David Headley is now cooperating with authorities. He'll appear in court again next
month. He could get the death penalty if convicted.

This is Kim Landers in Washington for The World Today.