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West worried at Iran's 10 new nuclear facilit -

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ELEANOR HALL: Let's head overseas now to the diplomatic dilemma over a nuclear Iran. The leadership
in Tehran has turned up the heat on world leaders by announcing its intention to build 10 more
uranium enrichment plants.

Analysts say the announcement of such a large expansion is a clear act of defiance against the UN's
nuclear watchdog - which on Friday called for to Iran to stop work on one of its facilities and to
resume negotiations.

Meredith Griffiths has our report.

MEREDITH GRIFFITHS: Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad used state TV to announce the major
expansions of Tehran's nuclear program.

MAHMOUD AHMADENINJAD (translated): We need radio sites to produce nuclear fuel. We need at least 10
new sites. Five sites have already been prepared. Of course we are not deciding on a location now.
The specifications have been prepared. We would like to give officials a free hand to find
appropriate locations in Iran, however they should start the task now.

MEREDITH GRIFFITHS: Just two days ago the International Atomic Energy Agency condemned Iran for
secretly developing a second nuclear facility. The UN's nuclear watchdog told the regime to
immediately stop work there.

But instead, Iranian state TV is reporting that work will begin on 10 more sites within the next
two months and that the plants will eventually produce up to 300 tonnes of nuclear fuel every year.

The International Institute for Strategic Studies says Iran doesn't have enough uranium, expertise
or funds to sustain that. Mark Fitzpatrick runs the institutes non-proliferation and disarmament
program.

MARK FITZPATRICK: It is wildly exaggerated. Iran cannot build, equip and operate 10 more
industrial-sized enrichment plants like the one at Natanz. The one at Natanz is already
experiencing technical difficulties apparently. The enrichment work there has levelled off. So for
Iran to say that it is going to build 10 more is just a huge exaggeration.

MEREDITH GRIFFITHS: Iran says it needs nuclear power to generate electricity, but the West has long
been concerned that Tehran intends to develop a bomb. Now, even Iran's traditional defenders in
China and Russia appear to be losing patience. They supported Friday's censure by the IAEA.

Mark Fitzpatrick say the timing suggests today's announcement is a response to that rebuke.

MARK FITZPATRICK: Iran typically does respond to any censure with a show of defiance but I don't
think it is just in response to the IAEA when Iran said that it had already identified five sites
for enrichment plants, that suggests that some considerable planning had already been underway

MEREDITH GRIFFITHS: He says that two months ago, it looked like the UN's nuclear watchdog was on
its way to finding a peaceful solution to the tensions over Iran's nuclear ambitions.

The IAEA had drafted a deal which would have given Iran the opportunity to ship its uranium to
Russia where it would be enriched, then returned to Iran to be used in a medical research reactor.
Tehran declined that offer and Mark Fitzpatrick says today's announcement is a serious escalation
of the standoff.

MARK FITZPATRICK: I think Israel in particular but possibly others will reach the conclusion
perhaps next year that Iran's capability to build a nuclear weapon is getting too close to the line
that would cause them to think that, you know if they don't take action that Iran will cross that
Iran.

Iran hasn't crossed yet. They haven't built nuclear weapons yet but I can't see any purpose for
this huge expansion in their enrichment program other than a military capability.

MEREDITH GRIFFITHS: But Professor Abbas Edalat from the Imperial College London says Iran was
insulted by Friday's censure

ABBAS EDALAT: Iran has got every right to see this as a betrayal on the part of the Obama
administration who came to power pledging that it's going to to for engagement with Iran.

MEREDITH GRIFFITHS: The United States has responded swiftly to the announcement of Iran's plans,
saying the time was running out for Iran to address the international community's growing concerns
about its nuclear programme.

A White House spokesman says the plans are a serious violation of Iran's international obligations,
and further evidence that the Iranian Government is choosing to isolate itself. Germany says it is
worried, and the British Government says it will consider its response in partnership with the IAEA
and other countries.

ELEANOR HALL: That report from Meredith Griffiths.