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India protests to Pakistan over Mumbai attack -

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India protests to Pakistan over Mumbai attacks

The World Today - Tuesday, 2 December , 2008 12:34:00

ELEANOR HALL: The Indian Government is putting pressure on Pakistan to take some responsibility for
the deadly attacks in Mumbai and overnight it lodged a formal protest with Pakistan's High
Commissioner.

Indian authorities informed the Commissioner that the terrorists had begun their deadly journey in
Pakistan and warned that India expected Islamabad to take strong action in response.

As investigations into the attacks continue, mobile phone footage has been released of the capture
of the one of the terrorists.

Barbara Miller has our report.

BARBARA MILLER: Pakistan is warning India against any kind of blame game.

But the Indian Government says it has evidence the Mumbai attackers originated across the border.
And it's letting Islamabad know it expects action to be taken.

Foreign Affairs Ministry spokesman Vishnu Prakash.

VISHNU PRAKASH: The High Commissioner of Pakistan was called to the Ministry of External Affairs
this evening. He was informed that the recent terrorist attack on Mumbai was carried out by
elements from Pakistan. The Government expected that strong action would be taken against those
elements, whosever they may be.

BARBARA MILLER: The ramping up of tensions between the two nuclear-armed neighbours is being
watched with concern by the international community.

The US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice will travel to India later in the week.

CONDOLEEZZA RICE: We will be working with India. We intend to work with Pakistan as well. The
people who perpetrated this must be brought to justice and ultimately the terrorists have to be
stopped.

BARBARA MILLER: The Indian Government is under enormous pressure to take a strong stance with
Pakistan over the attacks:

Arun Jaitley is a leading member of the Opposition BJP.

ARUN JAITLEY: This conspiracy was planned and executed over a long period of time from supply of
weapons, (inaudible) training, it can't be, that the entire establishment in Pakistan is unaware of
this Pakistani soil being used for hatching this conspiracy.

BARBARA MILLER: The friction between India and Pakistan is a major setback to the peace talks
between the two countries.

Peter Mayer is associate Professor of Politics at Adelaide University.

PETER MAYER: I think it's quite serious, but I think India sees it is in its own interest that
Pakistan has continued to work on the Pakistani Taliban and the Afghani Taliban in the tribal
areas. It would not seem to be in India's long term interest to create a confrontation which would
really not achieve very much on their common border which would then really diverted and then take
pressure off those groups.

BARBARA MILLER: What though if the terrorists were to strike again, if Pakistan born or trained
terrorist were to strike again in India?

PETER MAYER: That a very good question. I think that would be a lot harder to contain the impulse
to do something, to probably the most obvious thing would be some kind of surgical strike bombing
or a commando raid on the areas where the terrorists are thought to be active, and that would be
very provocative.

But it might be unavoidable as far as the Indians are concerned, because public pressure would
simply be too great. So I think those are the kind of threats which will be in the discussions with
the Pakistani. You know, either you do this, or if something else happens, we'll have to do it, and
then where will we both be?

BARBARA MILLER: A man named as Ajmal Kasab is the only attacker known to still be alive.

Mobile phone footage is being broadcast by several news agencies, including the Associated Press,
which is thought to show his capture.

(Sound of yelling)

The pictures are grainy and blurred, but are said to show Kasab being set upon by an angry crowd as
he fled the scene of the attack on the railway station, before being taken away by security
services.

More than 170 people were killed in the Mumbai attacks, 53 of them at the railway station.

ELEANOR HALL: Barbara Miller reporting.