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Human-generated carbon emissions booming: rep -

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LISA MILLAR: New figures have found human-generated carbon emissions are booming despite action to
curb them.

The Global Carbon Project has revealed an alarming four-fold increase in emissions over the past
eight years leading to the highest level of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere for the past
650,000 years.

Australian environmental groups say they want to get on with the fight against climate change, but
they're divided over the Prime Minister's plans for carbon capture and storage technology.

Karen Barlow reports.

KAREN BARLOW: The Global Carbon Project is a group of climate scientists who argue current climate
change policy is relying on data a decade old.

The group's latest carbon assessment released today in Paris and Washington pin points the location
of CO2 pollution and calculates how much is being pumped into the atmosphere.

The CSIRO's Dr Pep Canadell is the Project's executive director.

PEP CANADELL: In 2007 we completely flip over who are the major carbon emitters in the world when
the Kyoto Protocol, was developed or thought of, the developed world was responsible for 62 per
cent of all emissions and consequently we developed a protocol that was trying to push those
countries to do something about climate change. Well, now days we have completely flipped the whole
thing over. It is the less developing counties who are now responsible for more than 50 per cent of
all emissions.

KAREN BARLOW: So we've been aware that countries like India and China have been increasing their
CO2 emissions and other greenhouse gas emissions but this is a clearer picture now of what the
problem actually is?

PEP CANADELL: It is so clear that we can confirm that China has become the top emitter in the
world. That the US is now second and that India, this year in 2008, will take over Russia to become
the third top emitter in the world.

KAREN BARLOW: The study uses national energy consumption figures from around the world to craft its
picture of human-induced carbon emissions.

PEP CANADELL: The emissions into the atmosphere have grown by four times the emission growth we had
in the 1990's.

KAREN BARLOW: This is despite current efforts to tackle CO2 emissions?

PEP CANADELL: This is depite, you know, suddenly all the talk we have been doing about, you know,
addressing climate change and if anything we are seeing the massive response from a booming economy
globally.

KAREN BARLOW: That's mostly been due to developing countries, such as China, which are heavily
dependent on coal generated power.

Australia's CO2 emissions have risen by two per cent since 2000 but Dr Pep Canadell says the
Garnaut Report on climate change released earlier this year anticaped this increase and took it
into account.

The Climate Institute says Australia's energy and transport sectors are the main polluters.
Executive Director, John Connor, says strong policies are needed to turn the situation around.

JOHN CONNOR: Again, we have got to move beyond research and development funding. We've got to move
beyond institutes. We've got to get to implementation so that is where we need the ambitious
target. Australia needs to be a leader. It is in our interest to do so so strong targets for
Australia.

Let's be a positive player in those global talks. Let's not quit on the great natural assets we
have like the Great Barrier Reef, our Murray-Darling with weak targets or soft starts.

KAREN BARLOW: There's a split in the environmental movement and the Climate Institute is on the
side of carbon capture and storage technology.

Together with the World Wildlife Fund it was derided by other green groups in April for joining
forces with the coal lobby group the Australian Coal Association.

Now after the Prime Minister Kevin Rudd's support for the technology, the Climate Institute's John
Connor says there is an agreement to disagree.

JOHN CONNOR: Yes that is right. I mean we have had our respective positions for some time now. Some
are obviously concerned about this technology overshadowing other clean technologies. We think it
is part of the package that needs to happen but we also, it is a promising technology but we can't
allow it to hang around like a bad smell.

KAREN BARLOW: Other green groups insist deep cuts in greenhouse emissions can been done without
clean coal technology.

Tony Moore from the Australian Conservation Foundation.

TONY MOORE: Environment groups are very focused on the task at hand which is reducing our emission.
There will always be different ideas about the best way to do that but in the end, we just have to
do as much as we can across the spectrum to reduce our emissions and green groups and environment
groups, they are united on that front completely.

KAREN BARLOW: Independent scientists, like the CSIRO's Pep Canadell says the carbon emission
figures are so serious all options needs to be looked at.

PEP CANADELL: We are going to need all the technologies to curb carbon dioxide and more than we
don't have yet so I am neither a proponent nor a detractor. We can certainly not put all the eggs
in one basket, that's for sure.

LISA MILLAR: That is Dr Pep Canadell from the Global Carbon Project ending that report from Karen
Barlow.