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Live. Tonight, WA's skills

vacuum. Regardless of what we do, we will not have enough

workers in WA. Filling the

jobs the miners leave behind.

A lot of chaps are moving into

mining, drillers, Offsiders,

driving trucks, cleaning.

Kalgoorlie's racy image, is it

changing for the better?

Tourists come from all over the

world, they are sitting down at

the bar and said, I've come to

see a skimpy from Germany. I'm

like, are you insane? Friend

for life, the prison dogs

escaping death row. The guys

have done a really good job

with the dogs. Good evening,

welcome to '7:30' WA. welcome to '7:30' WA. I'm

Andrew O'Connor. This week the

Federal Government's focus has

been on fly in fly out and what

it means for mineworkers and

their families. Out the

resource sector there is

increasing concern about increasing concern about the jobs left behind and who will fill them, as WA's skills

shortage continues. There are shortages across the board and

the experts say we can't train

enough people fast enough to

fill the gaps. How much fill the gaps. How much worse

will it get? Claire Nicholls

reports. Mia Coote is just

one day old. Born into a state

that is undergoing massive

growth, it is also a state

facing a massive skills

shortage, a shortage that

starts in this very room.

Good morning. WA has one of

the lowest doctor to patient

ratios in the country and specialists like specialists like obstetricians

are in short supply. I don't

want you to get up and moving,

painkillers will keep you

comfortable. According to a

State Government report, WA already needs another 100-plus

obstetricians and that's

expected to employee out to

more than 200 by the time baby

Mia is 9 years old. WA is in

the middle of a baby boom, so

public and private hospitals in

Perth and regional areas, women

are having babies in record

numbers, so that's a challenge

for the services available and

the capacity they have.

Obstetrics is by no means the

medical specialty facing the

biggest shortages. General

surgery, neurology, palliative medicine, public and scaeksal

health have all been deemed to

be at critical risk, with

massive shortfalls predicted in

the years ahead.. There's a the years ahead.. There's a lot

of new medical students coming

through. We have to give them

good jobs as junior doctors and

train them to be the GPs the specialists for the next train them to be the GPs and

generation and we have to make sure we get it right. sure we get it right. The

shortages in the medical sector

are just one example of the

problems faced right across WA. The Chamber of Commerce and

Industry predicts by 2020 WA

will face a shortfall of more

than 210,000 workers, and while

the economy is being powered by

a mining boom, it is the

industry's outside the resource

sector that are set to feel the pinch. The CCI predicts the resource sector will need

another 69,000 another 69,000 workers by 2020, but that is only about 14% of

the total workers who will be needed statewide. needed statewide. Construction

will need the most workers, will need the most workers, but

there is also significant shortages predicted in health, retail, education and

hospitality. A lot of chefs

are moving into mining, whether

it is drill yes, offsider,

driving trucks, cleaning,

anything. Being a chef is not

the best paid job, I do it for

Tolina Menzies is executive

chef at three restaurants. In charge of chef at three Perth

hiring and firing, she is

finding it increasingly

chefs no work in difficult to find qualified

chefs no work in the kitchens.

It is predicted WA will need

another 14,000 hospitality

workers by 2020. With workers by 2020. With mining's

hefty wages luring away workers

serving up the staff will be a

tall order. She hopes the

answer might lie in the next

generation. She has been

appointed by the State

Government to act as a hospitality ambassador,

students a taste of the cooking visiting high schools to give

life. Doing a demonstrates, trying to get life. Doing a little cooking

them excited about food and

say, hey, it's not full of old

man chefs and it can be a cool

lifestyle and you can travel

the world and you can end up

doing really well in your

career if you want to and it's

a really cool industry to get

into. Stop going to the mines.

Same thing again. With the predictions on paper, the

challenge is to find enough

people to fill the void. The state and federal governments

have made training a have made training a top

priority. At this centre in

ball cata, electrical

apprentice are being taken

through the basics. The centre

is funded by both levels is funded by both levels of

government and has graduated

more than 2,000 apprentice this financial year. If you don't

train, you have skills shortage, which drives up costs

for everybody - the consumer and the employer, and drives and the employer, and drives up

to train apprentice. But no wages. It's a good thing to do,

matter how quickly people are

trained up, there won't be

enough workers to match the

demand. Regardless of what we

do, we will not have enough

workers in WA. We rely and will

continue to rely on skilled

workers from overseas. Peter

Collier says skilled migration

is a must. He wants to start

in Ireland. Last year he led a

delegation to the emerald isle

in the hope of attracting workers struggling through an

economic downturn to work in

WA. While all parties liked WA. While all parties liked the

idea, the inflectionibility of

Australia's visa Australia's visa system saw the

plan fall apartment of. They are salivating at the prospect

becoming of coming to WA. They are

becoming so frustrated with the lack of flexibility with the

visas, they are not even

bothering. The employers are

using the system in record

numbers. They are able to bring

into labour, and WA's share of

the number of 457 very is a

holders is 1 in 4, which has

grown enormously, so it is

proof the employers are proof the employers are using

it. Senator Chris Evans it. Senator Chris Evans says

it's not the visas that are the

State Government. Mr Collier problem but the approach of the

is not the Foreign Minister, is not the Foreign Minister, he

had no capacity to had no capacity to negotiate with the Irish Government on

such matter, and he didn't talk to the Federal Government

before going. He was a bit out

of his depth. I throw up my hand in despair, I feel hand in despair, I feel like

I'm talking to the brick wall as far as the Federal

Government is concerned. While

the Irish experiment didn't go

as planned, an invasion of a

different kind is looking more

likely. Earlier this more, it

was the Marines touching down

in Australia. More in Australia. More Americans

could be said to move in, as the Federal Government targets

US workers to plug gaps in the

mining sector. We have a non- discriminatory policy, discriminatory policy, it

doesn't metre whether it's

Ireland, the US, the Philippines or whoever, it is

up to who is nominated, but one

advantage is that Americans are

largely English speaking and

have skills and industrial

experiences very similar to

Australia. While the Federal

Government looks overseas to

find more workers many believe there there are still large pools of

talent yet to be tapped within WA. The Chamber of Commerce and

Industry believes, while migration must be part of the

solution, there should be more

emphasis on identifying and

training more women, Aborigine,

older Australians and people

with a disability to work in areas of need. areas of need. Everyone,

though, agrees that, no matter

what is done, the skills

shortage will remain a problem

well into the future. WA will

always have issues because we

have a relatively small

population, but a vast state

which brings with it special

demands. For baby Mia, that

shortage is likely to mean

work, in whatever field she

chooses. Every time we talk

about things, we try to make it

a problem. It's a great a problem. It's a great touch.

We are getting people trained up, getting good jobs and being

paid well. It's a great problem

to have. Claire Nicholls with

that report. Treasurer

Christian Porter has spent the

week defending spending cuts, attacking the Federal

Government over the GST and

preparing for next month's

state Budget. As the political

blame game intensifies, the

question is whether his second

Budget will keep power prices

spiralling or provide some

relief. I spoke with him

earlier. Treasurer, welcome to the program. Thank the program. Thank you. You are three years into government, one year out from

an election. At what point an election. At what point will you take full responsibility for the finances of the state

and stop blaming Labor? Federal Labor you are talking

about, obviously. Of course we take responsibility for the finance of the state. Everything that

Everything that goes into or comes out of

comes out of the Budget is a decision made by the Liberal government through government through its cabinet

and we take full

responsibility. But we deal with circumstances delivered to us and one of the major

circumstances we face is the

fact the federal Labor

Government is taking Government is taking massive

amounts of money out of our

Budget every year, $600 Budget every year, $600 million this year, which would have

been our surplus, through

diminished GST receipts and we say that should change. You are

right, we have to deal with the

card we are dealt. When you

look at your own record in

government, have you made any mistakes? Are any of the

pressures you now feel the

result of things you have done

or failed to do? All

governments make mistakes. governments make mistakes. We

have had some minor cost overruns. If you look at the

Perth arena, it was planned by

Labor to be a $160 million project and because of the

faults and mistakes the Labor

Government made, it will over

half a billion, which is a

pretty being mistake and that

money would have been better spent elsewhere. You spent elsewhere. You are blaming Labor again. I'm blaming Labor again. I'm asking you decisions you have taken,

is there anything you have is there anything you have done

or failed to do that has put us in this

in this position? I don't

think so. There are certain constraints on the revenue

caused by diminishing GST receipts

receipts but the economy is

growing quickly and the

population is between 1,000 and

1,300 people a week coming to

live in WA, so the demands for

services and infrastructure services and infrastructure are

very large. We made the decision either to stop

spending on service and infrastructure and have a lower debt and lower borrowings, or

maintain borrowings and debt at prudent

prudent rates and keep the

infrastructure. We are spending

about $67 billion a year on

infrastructure. If we don't

spend that money on particularly the hospital

system, roads, rail cars, the

types of problems that exist, congestion, would be much worse than they are now. From the

point of view of voters, when

they look at their power bills,

they have gone up 57%, this

Budget they are looking at a

minimum of another 13%, your 5% plus the carbon tax. Do you

think they will be grateful for

your Plauless management of the

economy? No, I accept that

electricity prices and the

government accepts electricity

prices are hurting us in the

lorement we are a lorement we are a minority government and there is no

guarantee we would be returned

in about a year's time at

election and electricity prices

are a big problem, no question.

Let me say, whoever was in government

government was going to have

that problem. Do you have a

sense about the impact of these

decisions on people? I get an

electricity bill, like everyone

else and I look at it and say,

that is significantly larger

than last year. I talk to my parents, who are pensioners. I

spent my day in my electorate

office today and I know these things impact upon households.

Have you had to modify Have you had to modify your

lifestyle in any respect to

accommodate the rise in utility

prices? My own household? Like

everyone else, I am very

conscious now about how much

electricity you use and when

you turn on appliances on and

off or turning lights on and

off or how often you have the

airconditioner because

electricity is a xarltively

expensive commodity. Have you

contemplated meeting ordinary

people who are struggling to

pay their business, to see the

full effects of the decisions

the government is taking? You journalists think we don't meet

ordinary people. I have met

more people as a politician

than I ever met as a lawyer.

Thousands and thousands of

people. This government has got

the message, which is why in this next Budget, what you will

see is a very modest increase in electricity prices, the worst of the pain is over. In

the Budget, on 17 May, people

can expect more than just price

rises and spending cuts? There

will be some relief. There

will be relief, relief in the terms of tax relief,

particularly for small

businesses, and we also

recognise that one group in the

community who are doing it

tough because of utility prices is small businesses. We

understand that people,

particularly low income earning households, should receive

healthy rebates with respect to

electricity and there will be

relief on that front. We are

conscious, because we talk with

people all the time, about the

way in which strong decisions

we had to take have impacteded

on people and are looking to

try to minimise the impact as

much as possible. Mr Pour terse thank you for your time. Measure, Andrew. Kalgoorlie-Boulder is the Western Australian mining Western Australian mining town

with a larger than life reputation. In the gold rush of

the 1880s, thousands made

the 1880s, thousands made the long journey from Perth seeking

their fortune. These days,

Kalgoorlie is known around the

world for its hard working hard

living and hard drinking

lifestyle. That's starting lifestyle. That's starting to change. Charlotte Hamlyn

reports. Kalgoorlie, there

will always be miners, pubs and

skimpies, let's hope so. If not,

not, the town won't be the

same. Wherever I travel, it's

always referred to as, that's

where the brothels are, that's where Hay Street is and that's

where you have to driven a hell

of a lot to keep up with the next door neighbour, which is

not true. The beer is not

flowing as freely at Carol's pubs, the brothels are closing

and the predominantly fly in

fly out workforce doesn't party

like it used to. Kalgoorlie

has blossomed and gone into all

directions. Everything changes, to a certain degree. The basics of family life still remain. Betty

Betty Loxton has lived in the goldfields for more than 60

years. At the end, when you

ladies are to do your pirouette

and courtesy, it's like a

Mexican wave. She Mexican wave. She teaches ballroom dancing classes and

runs the only remaining

debutant ball in WA. Put it

down, lockstep turn. It's a

touch of class in what's widely regarded as a racy, male dominated town. Betty knows

about Kalgoorlie's sexier side,

but has almost completely

managed to avoid it. One managed to avoid it. One night

we were out at a function and

we called in at a hotel, and I

had never seen a skimpy in my

life and I nearly died when I

walked through the door, and

here was a girl with just about

nothing on. I said to my husband,

husband, what did you bring husband, what did you bring me

here for? He sea, just here for? He sea, just turnr

back, and I did. She has been

turning her back on that element of Carol's social element of Carol's social scene

for the past 60 years. It's a

matter of choice. Those things

have always been here. You do

not have to be involved. It's

like if you are watching something

something on TV and you don't

like it, you turn it off.

Kalgoorlie's mayor Ron you're

vich has been behind a push to

steer Kalgoorlie away from its provocative image. I remember

as acy, it was a male

dominated, hard drink - hard

working, mining town, and

certainly it's evolved into something completely dip,

something more acceptable to

the working public. Certainly it's

it's changed but it's changed

for the better. Mr Yuryevich

says he's driven byd need to make Kalgoorlie-Boulder more

appealing to fly in fly appealing to fly in fly out mining workers and their families so they families so they will base themselves in the city permanently. Unfortunately,

they don't have a huge positive

effect on the economy because

they have their discretionary

spend at home this Perth or

Busselton or whenever. Miners have always driven Kalgoorlie's

culture of grog, gamble and

girls, ever since Paddy girls, ever since Paddy Hannan came to the golfs, came to the golfs, bringing

can-can Danners from Perth to

entertain the prospectors. With

today's strict drug and whole

trusting by mining companies

and a fly in fly out workforce that spends its cash that spends its cash elsewhere,

the seeder side of town has

seen better days. seen better days. Kalgoorlie

once laid claim to having the

most pubs per square dill mere

in the world, but now only a fraction remain. Venues like

the iconic exchange Hotel with its wild west saloon are on the

market and struggling to

attract bids. Many think

losing the brothels and hotels

would be to $lose Kalgoorlie as character. Tourists could from

all over the world, from

Africa, South Africa, Africa, South Africa, UK,

suitesland, Germany, and they

say, I've come to see a stitchy from Germany, I was like, are

you insane? You have come awe

the way to see a pair of boobs?

What is going on. Mercedes What is going on. Mercedes is

the region's longest serving

skimpy bar made. She is based in Melbourne but has been

computing to the gold $for work

for the past 12 years. for the past 12 years. She still remembers her first day

on the job. I cried all on the job. I cried all the

way from Perth. I came down on

a bus, and I called my boss and

said, what is a skimpy? I

said, there are two things I

don't do, I don't take drugs and I'm not a prostitute. I didn't know what a stitchy didn't know what a stitchy was.

She said, you're crazy, that's

not what it is. She concedes

she's knowd a slowdown in the town's drinking and parliamenting parliamenting culture. The bars

aren't as full and the punters

don't tip like they used don't tip like they used to.

Nevertheless, it's rumoured she

makes up to $1,500 a day. I

have been in town for 12 years and it's

and it's a good place to come

back. Whether or not it's good

money, I will always come back

for them. Obviously you make

enough money that you

enough money that you are more

than happy to come back.

Instead of trying to revive the

pub industry, the pub industry, the city is

spending its money on new

projects designed to attract a different sort of visitor.

Kalgoorlie-Boulder grew up Kalgoorlie-Boulder grew up some

year back. We know most of the population who live in Kalgoorlie-Boulder are women,

boys and girls. The whole

notion of it being a men's town is

is nonsense. It's big ticket

recreation al project is a new $20 million grass golf course

which in a town dusted with red

dirt stand out. We have one of the most pre-eminent important golf courses golf courses in Australia,

truly an icon of the golfing

circuit. I have to say, it's an

absolute boon for Kalgoorlie-Boulder to have such

a facility that a facility that people can come

to and enjoy. The camp trying

to clean up Kalgoorlie's image

has attracted an unlikely

supporter, Mary Anne Kenworthy

owns what was once Kalgoorlie's

most successful bordello. We

will have a very elegant dark

wood bar. She has shut down

the brothel and is turning it

into a luxury motel. I did the

facts and figures as a motel,

which is what I built it as

originally. I thought, I'm mad,

utilise this fabulous property and go with the times, it will

be very luxurious, with proper

table service, very comfortable

seating, piano player for a

couple of hours, catering for

the marketplace that have two

or three difference, I don't

want a boozy bar. While the

new Langtree Hotel will celebrate its past, a push to

change prostitution legislation

and the council's attempts to

promote cooling's family values

means it's no longer relevant

or financially viable as an

operating brothel. I came here

25 years ago and about 15 years

ago it started to change

substantially, which is

wonderful for Kalgoorlie. We

have a very proactive council

with some of the best

facilities are for a family

town. But you shouldn't ever stomp on your history or stomp on your history or hide

it. Mercedes says Kalgoorlie's

wild west reputation is

something to be celebrated and

there's plenty of room for

families and fun in the

goldfields. It is safe and it

is clean and it is fun. We have

to stick up for Kalgoorlie,

stick up for the skimpies,

doesn't matter who tries to

change it, while I'm around, it will always be the while west.,

I think it will also be collarful. Have you collarful. Have you ever wondered what happens to greyhounds when they have run

their last race and are no

longer needed on the track? In

recent years, volunteer and

racing industry groups have had

success in finding new success in finding new owners for dogs who would have been

put down, but that takes people

and time. It has been and time. It has been a struggle to find foster

carers. Now, inmates at a

Perth maximum security prison

have come to the rescue,

helping turn the unwanted

hounds into sociable citizens

and in the process picking up a

few skills to prepare themselves for a new life on

the outside.

# Dogs are everywhere

# Almost everywhere that I go

# Gerard, move up into the box. It's early morning at the

Cannington greyhounds. Jarrod

is getting hands-on is getting hands-on training,

and while he puts the drawings

through their time trials, he

is also learning how to get his

own life back on track.

Jarrod has only recently

started working here with

greyhounds. Too easy. He is adapting to a new life on the

outside; after doing time in

Hakea prison. Hakea prison. Walk him up.

Now he's served his sentence,

this is Jarrod's chance to

return a favour, lending a hand

to the working dogs. Who gave

him the ticket to start again.

Jarrod's story began here at

Perth's Hakea prison, where a unique program is helping both

prisoners and unwanted

greyhounds work together to

find a new lease on life.

Brought here by staff from

greyhounds as pets, the new

inmates are facing a six week

stretch behind bars. They

can't wait to get inside.

These dogs are either too old

to race any more or just didn't

make the cut for a career on the track. Now they are being

sent to prison in the hope they

will escape death row. Their

new carers are inmates in this

maximum security prison. She

will be a bit nervous, so just

befriend her. It's a mutual

thing. The dogs need the

prisoners to teach them how to be good pets and be good pets and eventually

find them new owners. In turn,

the dogs will help the inmates

learn new life skills learn new life skills and eventually find new jobs. eventually find new jobs. The

most important thing, one, attach the dog to its lead, and

take on and off the muzzle. As a former

a former vet nurse, Tara used

to put down unwanted hound.

Through greyhounds as pets and

Hakea prison, she is working

with volunteer inmates to help

save the dogs. You need to fill out, if you have noticed

if the dog has been eating or

still has a full bowl from the

morning. Having dogs live with

prisoners is not new. Similar

schemes began in the US in the 1990s. More recently in

Australian prisons. But this program at Hakea has taken the relationship a step further.

Not only are they learning dog

handling skills and training

skills and behaviour skills but

they are also learning how to

write resumes and how to write resumes and how to have

interviews and help them when

they get out of here to fine a

job placement. When Jarrod

was in Hakea he was one of the

first volunteers to take on a

dog for the six week program.

Just to keep myself out of

trouble and give us an

incentive to do good, and it

gives you something to do, because you are bore. Jarrod

had to learn how to look after

his new prison partner. I took

him for laps around the oval to

keep him fit. To give his

nervous friend score row a

little TLC. Try to give him attention. He was all right the

first week, then he was a bit

timid, but at the end he came

through. I gave him toast and

stuff he shouldn't have. A dog

not judgmental, they don't care