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7.30 S.A. -

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Australia, did police failures

cost a mother her two sons? All

throughout the coronial inquest

he was hospitalised. We

certainly owe Mrs Wilson and

others an apology. In search of

a century-old shipwreck. We

call this the killer coast of call this the killer coast

Kangaroo Island because it is

tough on shipwrecks but it is even tougher on survivors. Welcome to 7:30 South

Australia. I'm Simon Royal.

Tonight - an Adelaide asks whether both her children Tonight - an Adelaide mother

might be alive today might be alive today if South Australian police had handled things differently. Julie Wilson's case his brought

demands for an apology from

commissioner Mal Hyde and you

will see that apology offered tonight tonight by Assistant Commissioner Bryan Fahy. First off here is Julie story. off here is Julie Wilson's

story. There's no doubting the

beauty of Kangaroo Island's

wild west but this stunning

coastline has a very, very dark

side. It crashes in there and

been on this boat. these people that would have

Julie Wilson knows the awful

pain of losing a child. Her son, Mark

son, Mark Wilson lived with mental illness and earlier this

year he ended his own life. I

noticed his door was closed. I

walked in and I saw his feet

and I just pushed the door

slightly further ajar and I

took one look and I just recoiled. Mark Wilson's death

did not make a public ripple.

But his death did not go

unnoticed, all of these cards and condolences from one of the state's most important legal

officers. I was very touch with

the message via a third party

that the coroner had sent his condolences. It meant a great

deal to me. It meant a great

deal to me. That the coroner

would notice is not a would notice is not a surprise.

In 2007 he investigated In 2007 he investigated the

murder of Julie Wilson's other son, Mark Wilson's older

brother Christopher Wilson,

that death did make news. A

17-year-old has been remanded

in custody after appearing in

the youth court. He is charged

with murdering 23-year-old Christopher Wilson at Hillcrest. In Julie

view and that of some Hillcrest. In Julie Wilson's

politicians Mark Wilson's death can't be understood without

knowing what happened to knowing what happened to his

brother. It started one night

in early 2004, two car loads of

young men had an altercation

during which a youth fired a

gun. The bullet Rick co to

Sheaed off the bitumen into

Christopher Wilson's leg. A

report was made at Holden Hill police station but the were later found to have police station but the police

neither taken the complaint

seriously or investigated it

properly.A few days later the

groups tangled again. This time

with fatal consequences. Both

the judge and the coroner

described Christopher Wilson's the judge and the coroner

murder as an execution-style

killing. The murderer was the same youth who injured

Christopher Wilson a mu nights beforehand. Not only did Mark

Wilson see his brother murdered

but the killer forced him to

beg for his life and, as these

pictures show, Mark Wilson was

also injured in the attack. I

remember him saying to me that,

"The thing I feared most has

happened to me." I said, "Meaning?" He said, "Losing

Chris." Did it exacerbate his

mental illness? It certainly

did. Always - all throughout

the coronial inquest he was

hospitalised. In 2008 the coroner delivered a scathing

report into Christopher

Wilson's death. It listed 49

failures of police procedure.

It says given conflicting

stories at the inquest some of

the police had been untruthful,

indeed the coroner uses the

word Lying' it says police

information was not put before secrecy provisions means full

the inquest. The coroner did

not say policing defishen sis

at Holden Hill caused Christopher Wilson's death but

if things had been done

properly they might have

potentially changed future events including possibly the

fatal shooting of Christophe er

Wilson. I have never read a

coroner's report as damning as

this report. In fact, even before the inquest got under

way the police authority asked Police Commissioner Mal Hyde to contact Julie Wilson directly. She

She says that's never happened.

But it is not as though the

police totally ignored the

coroner's inquest. Apparently things have changed at Holden Hill police station. Crucially

though Julie Wilson says no one

took the simple step of

formally telling her or her

surviving son and surviving son and so, she Mark Wilson died thinking no surviving son and so, she says,

one cared about what happened to

to his brother. Well, I was

told after Mark's that things were very different at the Holden Hill police station. My immediate response is, I'm

thinking, "Why didn't they tell

Mark that? Perhaps that could have helped wellness." At the core of have helped Mark's

wellness." At the core of that

tragedy is a fundamental tragedy is a

question would there have been

a different course of events,

would Mark have taken his life

had he known that the police had changed their procedures? And the fact that they failed to communicate their changes

indicates itself some very deep

systemic failures about the way

the police do their work. One

MP believes this place plays a

role in that systemic failure

and that parliament must fix

it. Jack Darling says neither

police or the Government have

formally responded to the

coroner's recommendations in

the Wilson case. Under South

required Australian law that is only

required within six months if

the inquest is into a death in

custody. Mr Darley wants the

same rule to apply to every

death the coroner investigates. That will investigates. That will mean

that people will have the

comfort of knowing that the coroner has reported and

recommendations, that the recommended - made certain

Government of the day and its

agencies have acted on agencies have acted on those

recommendations and report accordingly. If the

recommendations are not

accepted, a report is given as

to why not. At the to why not. At the inquest police conceded they had failed

to show leadership with Police Commissioner Mal Hyde retiring

in July Nick Xenophon says he

should fix this before he

goes. At the very least he

could do right now is to meet

with Julie and apologise for

the appalling failures of the

police force, a police force

that he is responsible for.

Julie Wilson too has

unfinished business. Once she

knows the law knows the law regarding coronial inquests has coronial inquests has been

changed then she will scatter

her son's ashes in this park,

but not beforehand. The police

need to be accountable to the

coroner. Why do we have

coronial inquests that cost this taxpayers of South

Australia $500,000 and nothing

- why do we have - why do we have nothing happens. Why do we have

coronial inquests. What a coronial inquests. What a waste

of time if nothing is adhered

to, if nothing is responded to. Assistant commissioner

welcome. Thank you for the opportunity to be here. Do you accept that police failed Julie

Wilson and her family not just

once but perhaps twice? We have certainly acknowledged in many,

many open forums that there

were opportunities for greater leadership during leadership during this

investigation and there were

some errors of judgment made by

quite a number of people and

also some system errors in themselves. It is fair to say,

at least I believe, no officer intendionally set out to do anything wrong but the fact of

the matter is we could have

done things better so, yes, we

have let Mrs Wilson, her family

and a lot of other and a lot of other people

down. Have changes been made at

Holden Hill? Is she correct

when she says that has come to

pass? If we reflect back on the

coroner's inquest into this

matter you might recall that a

an investigation was conducted and will was an police investigations investigation

and the coroner's as well. and the coroner's as well. We identified a number identified a number of

shortcomings in both systems

and the behaviour of some

individuals that was not acceptable to us organise

aionally. We made big aionally. We made big changes well before the well before the coroner's inquest actually concluded. Did you tell the Wilson you tell the Wilson family about that? Directly tell the

Wilson family? Yes. I'm not

aware of any officer speaking to Mrs Wilson directly about

those changes other than to say

it has certainly been my belief that Mrs Wilson has been kept

informed of all of the issues

coming out of all of the proceedings. I'm certainly

aware that through her

solicitor was provided all of

the documents about the changes

that the organisation had made

and, of course, all of the

documents coming out of the

commission. You still can't be

sure you knew that directly

from the police themselves? Well, not from the police themselves but it would

be very unusual for us to actually speak with people about the outcome of the

coroner's inquest. In a sense

though, that is too late. She

is left with that what if. Can

you understand that? No one is

saying that - here is a son

quite clearly who had a

pre-existing mental illness so who knows what course events

might have taken but can you

understand why she is left with

the what if ? You are talking

about the second son? Yes I about the second son? Yes I am,

yes. I don't have enough

information about the second

son - Mark's death, to draw any

correlation but it is fair to

say - look, personally, I can't

- cannot imagine how Mrs Wilson

must be filing about this. What

I can certainly say is I can certainly say is that we certainly understand that her

and many other people are very

sad and suffering a lot of grief about this and the

incidents have had a tragic consequences. You learnt your

lesson and changed out of it,

why wouldn't you want to tell

the family that? We think that

we did, in essence. There is

certainly no ill intent and no

deliberateness to not advising

Mrs Wilson. I mean from our

perspective, Mrs Wilson,

through her solicitor, was

provided with all of provided with all of the documents and every single

thing that came out of the

coroner's inquest which quite clearly identified all of the changes that had occurred. It

may be a wrong assumption may be a wrong assumption but

her being aware has come from

that environment. Everything

has been provided to them. Do

you think Mal Hyde as Nick

Xenophon demanded owes the family an apology? Yes, family an apology? Yes, we

certainly owe Mrs Wilson and

others an apology . I

appreciate you making it and I

guess she does too but eight years on? I will make that

apology. I guess when you raise

the question about eight years

on, the timeliness of this,

without doubt, is very, very

questionable. But I guess I also need to say by way of

explanation, not excuse, all of

this got tied up in a very,

very legalistic frame work and

that complicated matters that complicated matters to month end and somewhere month end and somewhere along the way the humanistic side of

things has been lacking. Thanks

very much for your time. Thanks

for the opportunity. If anyone

is seeking assistance is seeking assistance they

should call one of the

following numbers you can see

on your screen now. You can see

the full Bryan Fahy interview

on our website from Monday.

Incidentally, apologies for the

technical difficulties we had

there. Now the mysteries of the ill-feted Loch Sloy. The ship

was wrecked off Kangaroo Island

more than a century ago killing

most on board but some did survive. Caroline survive. Caroline Winter reports that archeologists are

now rediscovering their

dramatic tales.There is no doubting the beauty of Kangaroo

Island's wild west. This

stunning coastline has a very,

very dark side.

I crashes in there and these people that would have been on

this boat it would have been horrendous. Abandon horrendous. Abandon ship! It

was in the early hours of April

241899 along this treacherous

coast when the Loch Sloy met

its end. Instead of pulling to

port, they pulled to port, they pulled to the starboard which took them

closer to the land and they

foundered on a reef about 200

yards from shore. Heavy seas

lashed the ship as the lashed the ship as the 34 onboard struggled to hold on to

the rigging but for most it

would be in vain. Within 20

minutes the Loch Sloy minutes the Loch Sloy was wrecked at Maupertius Bay and

all but four men died. We call

this is killer coast of

Kangaroo Island because it is

tough on shipwrecks but it is even

even tougher on survivors. The survivors were washed survivors were washed onto

rocks and managed to climb rocks and managed to climb a

steep cliff to search for help. The inhospitable and The inhospitable and expansive landscape took its toll. 15

days after the Loch Sloy

wrecked one of the men, Duncan McMillan, stumbled into the backyard of Gordon backyard of Gordon May's grandfather Charles grandfather Charles May's property at the Rocky River Homestead. When the dog started

barking and McMillan appeared

out of the scrub he wreckioned

he was - his tongue was all

swollen up. They administered a

bit of tender loving care to

him and he eventually later on

told them the story of wreck. A search party was

launched in which the May

family and local community

would play a central role. The

authorities were alerted and

two days later William Simpson and William Mitchell were

discovered by a lighthouse keeper. There he found the two

sailor s dhuing on a dead

penguin. He bandaged their

feet, just imagine how the

fellas had walked that far in bare feet. It is unbelievable. Sadly the fourth man who

survived the wreck, never made

it. David Kilpatrick's body was

buried where it was found

almost a month after almost a month after the disaster. The grave remains

today and is a memorial to the lives lost in shipwrecks along the West Coast. But what about

the many others who

died? Grandfather was with the

party that buried 11 one

morning. It is these burials

that recently brought a group

of researchers to the island.

They too made part of that

arduous journey once travelled by the survivors and rescuers

114 years ago. These rock piles

placed here by Charles May

helped guide them to the

site. The rocks indicate, when

you line them up they indicate

the direction to where the

shipwreck currently lies. They

also are placed close to where

the survivors came ashore. Maritime ashore. Maritime archaeologist

Amer Khan says they came to try

and identify any burial

remains. The idea really is for us to determine whether any us to determine whether any of

these sites, if they do exist,

whether there is compelling

evidence of those graves to

still be here and whether we

would need to protect their

sites. Supply we're having a

look at a potential burial

site. We know that because of

the shape of the rocks that

have been piled up here, which

is quite unusual for this

place. The team spent five days

assessing areas below and above

the cliff but after careful

examination no traces of bone

were found. This research

expedition hasn't just been conducted on land. A few days

ago, and when these waters were

calmer, a boat was sent out to

survey the area and search for

the wreck. Using a the wreck. Using a magnetometre a location was found and while

it is yet to be confirmed, it

may just indicate where some of

the remains of the Loch Sloy

lie. That's really going to be

the starting point for how we

investigate the next phase of

this project and that is to

find the shipwreck itself. The

whereabouts of the wreck has not always been a mystery. We

discovered what we discovered what we thought looked like the stern piece looked like the stern piece of

a large sailing-type vessel and

it was hard up against the

bricks. It was right up against

the edge of the cliff but that is all there was. Roger Williams along with friends Gifford Chapman and Alan

Roberts dived on what they

believe was the Loch Sloy's remains in the 1970s. I

personally have never seen the

ribs but I know of other divers

who have seen them. They are

there and not a long way from

where we discovered the stern

post. Dozens of souls lost their lives in four their lives in four wrecks

including the Loch Sloy along

this killer coastline. It was

the loss of that much life on

this coast that eventually convinced enough people in Adelaide to take the measures

required to set up the Cape du Couedic lighthouse and the

Neptune light. Neptune light. While devastating their deaths did not go unnoticed not go unnoticed and archaeologists like these will

ensure their memory lives on. The consultation period The consultation period for the new Murray-Darling Basin

Plan has ended. On the surface

there appears little progress

with three states rejects the

proposal.- rejecting the proposal. Farmers in proposal. Farmers in the New

South Wales Riverina are

reaping the benefits of

successive good seasons.With

this bumper rice crop is only

possible through irrigation possible through irrigation and rights to extract water from

surrounding creeks and rivers

are strongly defended. Any are strongly defended. Any cut in water here will just really

decimate the area. Watching

this year's harvest with keen

interest is irrigator Helen

Dalton. What is happening? We

are all filled up, are we? But

as well as checking on harvest

logistics she is logistics she is nervously monitoring plans to overhaul

the entire system of water extraction in extraction in the Murray-Darling Basin. I'm Murray-Darling Basin. I'm a little cynical about little cynical about the process, I have to say, but I'm

hoping that things will, you

know, will turn out and they

will actually listen to us and make changes to the make changes to the plan. That

sentiment can be sentiment can be found throughout the Murray-Darling

system. Those farming hundreds

of kilometres downstream are hoping for a very different

outcome. They would like to see

more water given back to the

environment in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland to

improve the health of their river systems and lakes in

South Australia. The river will

die from the bottom up. Unless

you are flushing it through to

the sea gradually you get an

incline of salt throughout the

whole system. Sam Dodd is a fifth generation former near

the Maori mouth on the banks of

what is now a salt Yea Lake

Albert. There is about 270

gigalitres at full capacity in

this lake and it is really no

good. Trying to find a path

through these interests is the Murray-Darling Basin Authority

which has just completed a

20-week consultation period on

its draft plan to improve the health of the river system. We

do need to get a plan in place

that respects the use of water

for whatever it is used for for

food production or for environmental purposes for its most efficient and effective method of delivery. But that's

easier said than done. The South Australian Government argues the authority's draft proposal to return 2,750

gigalitres to the environment.,

doesn't go far enough. But the

Victorian and New South Wales

Governments and their

respective peak farming groups want to see less water taken

away from irrigation communities. I guess the major problem is it is still very much irrigators versus the

environment. It is still very

much saying we have to take water away from irrigating a Kewell hire and rural communities and which have to

tip it down the river and that will somehow save the

river. The authority has tried

to get around this irrigators versus environment stand-off

but saying its preference is to save water

save water through more

expensive infrastructure

improvements rather than improvements rather than simply

buying out water rights. But

the devil will be in the

detail. They are efficiencies

measures that leave the community with the water. None

of that detail has yet filtered

into the basin plan. It is

still very much a document of

purchasing water. That is what concerns irrigation concerns irrigation communities especially in the New South

Wales river reena. I think that is the most un-Australian thing

I have ever seen. In response

to the perceived threat of to the perceived threat of the

basin plan these irrigators

have formed a group called

women for a living basin. I'm from Colleambally, which is a

small, purpose built irrigation

community established 50 years

ago by a state Labor Government

initiative, a small community,

town population of about 660

people, if water leaves our

community, even if it is not a

mandatory acquisition, it means less money to be spent in our

communities and it means less jobs in our communities. But

downstream in South Australia

farmer Sam Dodds says this is

the sort of thing his the sort of thing his community has already gone through. We

have seen what happens when you

don't get any flow of water. We

are just as much irrigators in

the bottom and have as the bottom and have as much capital investment but your industries have totally

collapsed and they must realise

their industries will collapse

in the same way ours did if we

do not have a system that is

environmentally sustainable. As

the basin plan consultation

period came to an end, Aboriginal elders from the

lower Murray performed the ring

Balin, a - the Ringbalin, Balin, a - the Ringbalin, a

series of ceremonies covering thousands of kilometres from

Queensland to the Murray mouth.

The healing of what many scientists see as a damaged

system will require the

political will of state and

Federal Governments. This will

ultimately be about leadership, leadership in the broadest

sense of the word by our

Governments demonstrating to the Australian community that

they can get over what, in many

cases, has been more than

150-odd years of parochial

state by state management and

managed for the wellbeing of the entire nation. Hospitals

and surgeries across Adelaide

mens of the Army Reserve are

working but on ANZAC Day for

the first time they will march

past a memorial dedicate ed to

them. Next week them. Next week Australia's veterans will be honoured at

services across Australia. From

the dwindling number of men and women who served in World War

II to the veterans of more

recent conflicts. In all of those conflicts there have been people deployed to provide

medical services to those

wounded on battle grounds. Our regular job is in civilian

hospitals, the royal Adelaide, the women's and childrens in my

case and other roles like that.

In our day to day job we In our day to day job we are not confronted with some of the

things - the experiences we have when we have when we deploy overseas. You have had your

waters broken already? In his

day job Dr Geoff Matthews is an obstetrician at the Women's and Children's Hospital but is

Children's Hospital but is the

commanding officer of the Three

Health Support Battalion based at the Keswick Barracks. He has been deployed in Bougainville,

East Timor, Pakistan and the

Middle East. He says he is also

aware of the danger of being deployed in conflict

zones. Obviously we are

thinking about our families at

home and what would home and what would happen if

we were injured or worse but, I

don't know, you seem to be able

to put that aside. I to put that aside. I think

watching our colleagues, who

are out patrolling and exposing

themselves to great risk really

puts it into perspective for

us. Dr Vicki Anderson is

another member of the Three Health Support Battalion. In

2001 she was the commanding officer of the first Army

Reserve unit to be deployed overseas since World War II.

Colonel Anderson says at that

time East Timor was still a

conflict zone and her mandate

was to care for the United

Nations peace keeping force.

She says local hospitals had no resources so they were also resources so they were also a

treating the locals. She

remembers one case where a boy was rescued from drowning by an

Australian soldier. One of the

truck drivers ran out and

actually saved him, brought him

back to shore, and then brought

him back to our hospital and we

were able to save him because

of our intensive care

facilities. If he had been taken to the Dili hospital,

which mad no intensive care, he

would not have survived. One of Australia's most Australia's most famous

soldiers who helped care for the wounded was John Simpson

Kirkpatrick, who, with his

donkey, recovered men from the

frontline in Gallipoli, his

image has been immortalised in

a new memorial for all health

personnel who serve in the

military. On ANZAC Day military. On ANZAC Day those health service people will be

able to march by the memorial

for the first time, to

recognise those who have lost

their lives and all those who

have provided medical aid in overseas conflicts. Health people have been involved,

often right up at the frontline. There has been over

the years many health service

military members that have been

injured and have lost their

lives and even recently in

Banda Aceh a group of Banda Aceh a group of health workers was killed workers was killed and injured

in the helicopter crash that

you would know about and some

of those were known to me so it

is quite immediate for us and

the memorial really serves as the memorial really serves as a permanent reminder to us. I

drive past it every day as guy

to work. It is to work. It is so noticeable

that when Australian troops are

brought in that they are brought in that they are so

grateful that there are

Australians looking after them

and that - and care enough to

be there to look after them. be there to look after them. It

was a real privilege to be able

to lead our troops, our medical

personnel to do that sort personnel to do that sort of work.

Have a great weekend. Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI.