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7.30 Tasmania -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) Tonight on 7:30 Tasmania - is

Maria Island the answer to the

east coast's economic woes?

The coast definitely needs a destination. Marine rubbish

choking beaches and killing wildlife. We have seen birds

with loops around their

neck. And giving away a piece of neck. And giving away a rare

piece of maritime history. TMAG

came up as best to came up as best to preserve

them for centuries. This Program is Captioned Live.

Welcome to the program.

Hello, I'm Airlie Ward. One Hello, I'm Airlie Ward. One of

the State's least visited

national parks is a boat ride

from the beleaguered town of Triabunna. Considered by Triabunna. Considered by some

to be an untapped tourism gem,

visitor numbers to the Maria Island national park have plum

etted. A new tourism

development plan has big plans to reinvigorate the region but

there is differing opinions on

the best way to Woodgate visited the island. the best way to go. Emily

It has Seacliff, mountains and pristine beaches to rival

the Freycinet Peninsula.

Tasmania's most visited national park.

convict settlement that It has a world heritage listed

predates Port Arthur. It is a

refuge for free roaming rare

and endangered wildlife. All

that and nobody wants to see

it. Over the last 15 years, the

average has been about 13,000

visitors to the island. With a

peak of 15,500 in around 2007

and a sharp drop-off in

2008-2009, we are down to about 8,000. For some, the isolation is part of Maria Island's

charm. The wildlife, the bush.

You have to come across a of water to get here. But the You have to come across a bit

beleaguered Triabunna community

is desperate to get the

tourists back. The town's

reeling from the

industry downturn and

uncertainty over the future of

its woodchip mill. We have

certainly been saying for the

last two to three years at

least that there was a

likelihood that the mill would

be either shut or be either shut or downgraded

and we needed to broaden our economic

economic base. Is it that good

to have all the eggs in the

same basket? If the bottom of

the basket fall, all the eggs

fall with it. So locals are looking offshore and see Maria Island's tourism Island's tourism potential,

able to reinviglate the able to reinviglate the entire

tourists must be region. First, the drop in

Access is a key tourists must be reversed.

issue. 2007-2008 there was a

peak drop at that time. It was

a time we really were experiencing difficulties with

the ferry service. Ian

Johnstone ran the ferry at the

time and is now a tourism

operator on the island. We had

an exclusive licence with

National Parks but it required

us to run every day. The price

of fuel went up at the same of fuel went

time so a combination of that time so a combination of

and the visitor numbers started

to drop slightly. There were

about 15,000 then, business

sadly became uneconomic at that stage. By the time John Cole

Cook took over a couple of

operators later, ticket prices

were about $50 and crossings

were less frequent. It costs were less frequent. It costs a

lot of money to run a big ferry

like this. If you have declining numbers, you declining numbers, you had to

be careful it is going to be able to be able to be sustainable. Prices

have dropped in recent months since the second ferry service

started running. We thought

that the ferry cost and price

was prohibitive to a lot of

people and also the access of

made it quite difficult for a only having one ferry service

lot of people to make one

timetable. That's not the

issue. The issue is what is out

here on the island. They are the problems of why people don't come. The don't come. The local community, industry and Parks community, industry and Parks

and Wildlife Service are made

up a Triabunna, Orford and

Maria Island tourism plan. It

is a wishlist of strategies to

lure people back to the region

but can they agree on where to

start? The Government needs to

get behind the access to Maria.

I believe it needs to I believe it needs to be subsidised. A greater interpretation telling the story of Darlington. More promotion of the islands. The

coast definitely needs a destination, a

destination, a Disneyland. A

theme park, a zoo. Whatever. It

needs a real drawcard.

Restoration work is under way

on some of the convict and colonial buildings. Parks' plans include more mid-level

accommodation, a step up from

the camp ground and sparse pen

ten shar ri rooms. We are

mindful that Maria is part of the community, the Triabunna

and Orford value visitors to

the island. We are mindful that

the island as a National Park

has its own unique charm and character and two of our

surveys over the last 10 years

have found most people value

the island for its the island for its isolation,

its natural beauty. The island

won't cope with more than 20,000 visitors a year a massive infrastructure overhaul. Because foremost

Maria Island is a national park

so it doesn't exist purely for

business purposes, it exists

protect its national and

cultural values, we have to

manage it for that, so we have

new developments. That's limited areas to move towards limited areas to move

prompted some to say the tourism solution does not lie on Maria. Treasurer is a better investment dollar for dollar

Like I said, for me, the than spending money on Maria.

tourism potential of a town

starts with the town. This is

where all the services should be provided for Maria

Island. The council has secured

Government funding for a feasibility study in a leisure

boat marina in Triabunna. The

Mayor hopes it will create a

consistent visitor base with industries springing up industries springing up to

service boaters' needs. We have

all the trades people, then

once you build it and the boats

start to arrive, you need maintenance, you electrician, painters, maintenance, you needs

chippies, security, all sorts

of things. The Council aims to

attract a private developer for the project. There is agreement

on one thing - that a balance

of tourism and industry is

needed to keep the region alive. We see this wonderful

island sitting there and we

think that that's one part, it

is not a panacea but it is a part of the solution. 200,000

visitors annually to Freycinet National Park, 7,000 visitors

annually to Maria Island. annually to Maria Island. That

means we have got a pool of

200,000 people driving 200,000 people driving past Triabunna that could

potentially come into the

town. With no firm direction on

the future of the mill, the town's not waiting to let town's not waiting to let the

chips fall where they may. Triabunna has got the potential to become a potential to become a town

vastly different to a forestry

town. Different and, I would

dare to say, better.

It is spoiling some of

Tasmania's most secluded

beaches and killing wildlife.

Marine debris has scientists and conservationists and conservationists worried

and the Federal Government has

listed it as a direct threat to

20 species. But exactly how

much rubbish is washing on to

our shores and where is it

coming from? In what they have

described as a world first,

CSIRO scientists have begun

tracking more than 12,000km of Australian coastline to answer

those questions. Tamara those questions. Tamara Glumac reports.

From a distance, this remote

Tasmanian coastline appears

pristine and un touched. But look closely along the look closely along the southern shores of Great Taylors Bay on

Bruny Island and the rubbish tells a different story. It is everywhere. We will be going

along in our boat and we will

see perhaps a buoy that's been

attached to a rope and somehow

on a high tide it has been tangled up in a tree tangled up in a tree that's

laying across the rocks laying across the rocks so it

is all tangled up in there. We

see it all the time on nice,

beautiful sandy beach, on beautiful sandy beach, on rocky

shores. All around the

coast. We have picked up a coast. We have picked up a

significant amount of black

polyethylene piping from the

fish cages, buoys, there has

been a significant amount of

rope. There is also rubbish

from camp sites. Adrian Dale

and his wife, Allegra, have

spent the past two decades clearing rubbish from the

beaches adjoining their 1500

acre property. Once a month

they take their amphibious they take their amphibious boat

near bush tracks down into the

ocean travelling to secluded beaches bordering Great Taylors

Bay. This is such a gorgeous

place. As we approach it, it

would appear pristine to anyone, but in this 400m I

reckon it will take us at least

four solid days to collect all

the stuff underneath the high water mark. What they are

finding is disturbing. This is

like a shear water and if we

look, the rope is where its head

head is through here. It has

managed to get its head through

it and has succumb ed. The most

recent rubbish haul collected

along a 700m stretch of beach

weighed 200 kg and included

buoys and PVC piping up to 90m

long. Over the years, I would

say probably we have gone to

the tip maybe 100 times with

rubbish in the back. I don't know. It runs into tonnes. All

of this rubbish you see here was collected by two people. Fed up people. Fed up with growing

amounts of rubbish, Adrian and

Allegra filmed a recent

clean-up and posted the footage

on YouTube. We wanted to get a

bit of visual awareness that

this is not changing. There are

many groups around, CoastCare

groups and many people clean up

beaches but it just does not

improve. Not only is the video

being viewed on YouTube .... I

have sent it to fish farms, to

MAST, sent it to some of the boating clubs and we have been

getting some really interesting

responses. I have sent it to

people around the world as well, my friends and well, my friends and our

friends around the world who

have written back they are appalled. The couple believe

some of the rubbish is coming

from nearby fish farms. We have

seen more rope on the beach and

we have seen more large PVC

pieces of equipment that have

been used in fish farm construction. They have called

for more scrutiny of and commercial fishermen. I for more scrutiny of fisheries

think we need environmental some police basically dropping in to

some of the industries that use

the waters as a means to make

their moneys and just to drop their moneys and just to

in to make sure the rules and regulations, environmental

rules and regulations that are

imposed on them, and that they

are supposed to adhere are, are

in fact being ad hered

to. Colour-coded rope from

salmon farmer TASSAL has been

identified in the YouTube

video. Most of the issue is

around weather, storms, something happening out on the

farms and we may have a piece of equipment break off or go in the water but we are of equipment break off or rope

working hard to educate our

staff to keep rope in place in

the bottom of the boat and bin

it and make sure it doesn't drift off. The Seafood Industry

Council and marine including TASSAL, have Council and marine farmers,

identified debris hot spots, including Great Taylors Bay, and say they are conducting

public can phone up regular clean-ups. The general

public can phone up the companies, we have got posters

in the D'Entrecasteaux

Bruny Island region which give

organisations are contact details for which

organisations are responsible

for cleaning up specific locations. Dr Scott Condie is a

marine scientists at the CSIRO specialising in oceanographic

model. He says Great Taylors

Bay is more prone to rubbish accumulation because of current

flows into the area. Water

coming out of the Huon River enters the channel and if there is northerly winds blowing at

the same time, then a lot of

that water will move into Great

Taylors Bay. The debris follow that water but because the

water then has to sink to escape out of Great Taylors

Bay, the debris can't follow it

and thus gets strapped. Dr

Condie says ocean Condie says ocean circulation

models could be used to help prevent rubbish accumulating. I think the modelling is useful

if we can trace to source of

the debris and then maybe

manage it up in the catchment. CSIRO scientists

have just begun work on a

project that will for the first

time uncover the true extent of

marine debris.. There is no

study that tas taken a

scientific approach, having the

same methodology, carrying that

out into visits around such a broad geographic scale. broad geographic scale. That's

country around the world. true for Australia, any other

Hundreds of beaches spanning

more than 12,000km will be surveyed around surveyed around Australia. We are looking at the are looking at

characteristics of the beaches

and the colour of the sand and

what we are finding, is it hard

plastic or soft plastic, is it

pieces of rope? The colour, is

it blue and green and red it blue and green and red and

purple and constructing models

to look to see where it is likely coming from, likely coming from, different seasons at different times of

the year at different

beaches. The project is

expected to take three years

and will include groups like CoastCare. What's the CoastCare. What's the scale,

the origin and the types of

debris we are finding on

Australian coast. We know

marine debris impacts

environmental life, other marine mammals like sharks and fish of all different varieties

and we are trying to get a

grasp on what is the scale of

the problem. If what's being

found on the shores of Great

Taylors Bay is anything to go

by, scientists have a big job ahead of ahead

The sight of a whale in Tasmanian waters today brings

out the binoculas rather than the harpoon. The slaughter in

whales was a key driver in the

infant colony. Now ships use

Tasmanian ports to ready

themselves for protest

campaigns against whaling in

the Southern Ocean. Like it or

not, the industry is part of Tasmania's history. Some highly

collectible colonial artworks

depict dramatic scenes of man

against mammal. A rare of against mammal. A rare of these

prints has been donated to the

Tasmanian Museum and Art

Gallery.

Images of whales being Images of whales being rounded

up and slaughtered aren't the

kind of thing Annie Correy was

keen to have on her dining room

wall regardless of how significant they are. Greenpeace came to my mind. I have been a member of Greenpeace for about 30 years.

I thought "They'd like I thought "They'd like whaling sketches I would think, either to sell or put in their showroom", but probably appropriate because they are showroom", but probably wasn't

rather gruesome. So TMAG came

up as best to preserve them

centuries. Bequeath ed to Annie

Correy and her brothers Brian

and John by their mother, the

set of four whaling prints colonial artist William Duke set of four whaling prints by

were handed to the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery this week. Museum week. Museum director Bill

Bleathman was relieved

Greenpeace was not the beneficiary. Welcome to the Tasmanian Museum and Art

celebration occasion for us and celebration Gallery for what's very much a

I hope nor the family that have

most generously donated think

wonderful objects to the wonderful objects - these

collection. Irish born artist William Charles Duke spent William Charles Duke spent six

years in Tasmania from 1846 to

1851 when the whaling industry

was in full swing. 'The Chase', 'The Rounding', 'The Flurry' and 'The Cutting In' give a

graphic account of the industry which pushed the southern right

whale to the edge of

extinction. What he has done is

followed the activity of

whaling, sort of going out in

the boats, finding the whales, rounding them up and then there

is the final cutting in, I

guess. So it is really showing that process of

it was Tasmania's first primary whaling. Disturbing today, but

industry. The whale oil used

for lighting. People of

Tasmania will now get to see what's really important.

William Duke was a significant

colonial artist. He loved to

paint wailing scenes and the Tasmania Museum and Art Gallery

has a wonderful oil painting

has a wonderful oil painting by

him 'Offshore Whaling' with the

Aladdin and Jane. He pointed in

the 1840s, he was here between

1845 and 1851. He did whaling

at its full tilt at that particular

particular time and the whalers

wanted to celebrate the fact

they have been successful, that

they have captured a number of

whales and made a lot of

money. They are rare. The set

of prints that the National

gallery of Australia gallery of Australia acquired

recently are unframed. The

lovely thing about these prints

is we believe they are in their

original colonial frames and it is fiddle back blackwood so

that's quite rare. The National

Gallery paid $80,000 for their

set, which unlike these, are

not signed. Valued at over $100

,000, Ms Correy says her

children are not so sure about

them being handed over. They

can't believe that we would

give them away. They can't

believe it. But it was a good feeling, a very nice feeling to

dwif give them away. They are

the best of a set of lit lit by

William Duke in oft, we know - lithographs by William Duke in

Australia, we know that. It is

good they stay here in

Tassie. At its Tassie. At its height, Bruny Island had eight whaling

station. The prints were found

by Ms Correy's mother When her

younger brother died on Bruny

in early 70s, she went to clean

up the shack and there up the shack and there were the

lthographs on top of nana's

cupboards. I am amazed at how

mum realised the importance of them. A contingent of islanders

were at the museum for their donation, among themCorrey's aunt, 88-year-old Josephine

Denne. Ms Denne has lived on

the hill overlooking one of the

former whaling stations since she

she was married in 1943. They

called it bay whaling, didn't they? There was one ot Bull

Bay, another one at Trumpeter

Bay but mostly at Adventure

Bay, there was quite a big whaling station there. Probably more people living on Bruny at

that time than there are now. Bern Cuthbertson went to

school with Mrs Denne and Annie

Correy's mother Lucy, a Denne

before her marriage.. It is fantastic, it is where they

should be. The Dennes were

connected with the early

whaling days. Smarkt, I have

got a plens - as a matter of

fact, I have got a plenser fact, I have got a plenser they

used to peel the bluber off the

whale at sea. It came from the

Denne family. I should give Denne family. I should give it

back to them, I think. The avid

historian says the Denne name

is synonymous with the early days of the

Island. Particularly with the

Dennes and James Kelly

Dennes point, which is named

after this family, their early people, that was Kelly's people, that was Kelly's point originally. The lthographs will undergo some rest lation before

going on display in the

revamped museum. Sue revamped museum. Sue Backhouse

says they are always keen for

treasures stored on top of an

old wardrobe. It does happen

and we are always thrilled when

it does because with our limited budgets we rely on the generosity of others and a

large part of our collection comes to us through gifts and

donations. The controversial and often dangerous

dangerous sport of freediving

as a new champion. 24-year-old

Australian Jody Fisher. She is

back home after winning back home after winning a gold

medal in an international

championship held in Italy.

Freediving is a sport Freediving is a sport that involves staying underwater on

one breath for five minutes or more.

It has been a lifelong dream

of mine to dive with dolphins.

They came down and found me and then I had been already

for a little bit and I had to

go up. As I went up, they just

kept me company and they took

another breath and they went back down. I love being under

water. I love everything about

the water. The ocean. Never had

any fear of the water. any fear of the water. You

require a huge amount of

discipline, both for high level

sports and for music. It is the

same. It is a discipline that

is not rewarded in any is not rewarded in any way except your own personal

enjoyment. It is normal to be nervous and stressed in

competition, as it is normal to

be stressed in a music concert.

The ability to relax really The ability to relax really has

come through in my playing and

improvement in the breathing

also which is, of course, so important for

I would certainly be resting

as in practically asleep between 15 and 30 between 15 and 30 minutes

before a dive. Doing absolutely

nothing so your heart rate is

low and that your focus is

clear, your mind is not racing, you can't let any negative

thoughts take over. As soon as you

you start the dive, you think

about the moment and maybe about the moment and maybe just

a little bit in front, but you

can only control what you are

doing at that time. In depth,

you have to get off the surface

quite quickly, so you are kind

of more just thinking of your technique to be efficient and get down to the point where get down to the point where you

can just relax and free-fall.

The World Championship win The World Championship win I

had was in dynamic no fins,

that was a dive of 150m in the swimming pool.

I did a fantastic dive and

came away with the gold medal.

There is not really any

financial reward. You can to a

certain extent perhaps make a

living out of it but you are certainly not going to get wealthy. If you can maintain

your lifestyle as a freediver,

that's counted as being very

successful, but even that is

probably a stretch. I think jod jods won't be quitting guitar any time soon. I'm okay. That's

the program for the year, a

watery one at that. We will

leave you with a montage of our favourite stories of the year. See you in 2012.

Closed Captions by CSI

Yes, I am sad. In that

sadness I recognise, we recognise, that we have led a

privileged life, a great life.

Lara Giddings since I have been

Premier has always been the

heir apparent. I am happy to be

Premier of the State and that

historic does not go past me. I am very proud.

I do stand by your right I do stand by your right to

protest and your right to stand with your unions. I think it is the perfect way

to remember him to remember him really. Go

through a field of grass and you become pretty acquainted

with the leeches. I know with the leeches. I know they

have to go somewhere but I just wish it wasn't in my back yard.

Just received a $500 hydro

bill which I am going to have

trouble paying. Dad and mum

can't buy the things they need

because of this problem. First

and foremost in our minds has

been the impact on forest

workers.

This is 2011 you fellows. It has been a fantastic

effort throughout the year and

they just stood up when it

really mattered. I shouldn't

have said that. I have rung him

and said to him that I'm sorry

for any distress I caused

him. We know very little about these animals really and these animals really and every stranding and every situation we learn

These machine s are all These machine s are all well

maintained and they are all

fully functional and ready to

go. You are looking at them unloading and going "That unloading and going "That is completely