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7.30 N.T. -

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(generated from captions) Tonight on '7:30' in the -

making their mark in a man's

hard hat world - the women taking on the

man can do it, why not a woman? Fighting a battle against foreign invaders along the Kathrine River. They are definitely on the increase definitely invaigd and definitely invaigd and taking

over. - invaigd and taking

over. This Program is Captioned


Welcome to 7:30 NT I'm Louisa Rebgetz. With a

Territory election less than 12

months ray way, both political

parties are about to go into campaign mode. Chief

of his achievements during his

four years, leading the Territory Labor Government. He

says he's improved the

territory's relationship with the Federal Government and the Federal Government and he's

getting outcomes in the bush. I

spoke to the chief Paul

Henderson earlier. Welcome to the program. Great to be here. Gerry Woods says by rights the

rights the CLP should take next election. How do you think rights the CLP should take the

you're travelling in terms of

next year's Pa poll? August is a long way away and we still

have many months to go. I will

be working hard every day year as I have every be working hard every day next

the Territory moving ahead. And

I think that Territorian Dos

see that we have a bright future around obviously the Government that I lead has been working very hard to position a bright future for the

Territory. The CLP is making a

really strong push in the bush

for the next election. They

candidates already. Are you have some pretty high-pro file

concerned about the traction that they are gaining

there? What I can say about the

CLP in the bush a is trust anything they CLP in the bush a is don't

last Territory election they

bush, no funding for bush, and went with no promises for the

we've got a long way to go but

we are closing that gap on disadvantage. We're seeing hundreds of new homes being

delivered, new schools being delivered, infrastructure throughout the infrastructure

bush and what I say to anybody who is looking at the who is looking at the CLP,

don't trust anything that they say because fundamentally they haven't changed and they will be going back to the old CL p P that

be if they take the treasurer that they always are and will

be if they take the treasurer y

bench s in August next year.

This This year has seen the next phase of the intervention in remote continues. To what extent does bush? The first thing I will damage rain's reputation in the

say is it's not a Mark

intervention. What we have now say is it's not a Mark II

with what the Commonwealth is

put ing forward is a real

partnership, the partnership

based on consultation with Aboriginal people Government. It is a wonderful Northern Territory

away from what happened under

Mal Brough and John Howard when

without any consultation at all

legislation was rammed into Federal Parliament that compulsorily ak quierds Aboriginal land and a whole

range of other issues. I

believe the we have a positive way forward and it's all about

securing greater investment from Canberra into those remote

and I'm determined as the parts of the Northern Territory

and I'm determined as the China to keep working with the

Federal Government to that investment to better Federal Government to secure

people's lives in the bush right across the territory. certainly isn't an right across the territory. It

intervention. Did you ask the Minister, Minister, though, Jenny Macklin

to drop all measures that are

now still existing under what

they call the Northern Territory emergency response

though? What we now have is a stronger

stronger futures package. We

don't have an intervention.

What we do have are a package

of measures that by and large

people. In terms of are supported by indigenous

quarantining for example, all

of the tests now apply in terms

of intent discrimination, there is no compulsory acquisition of Aboriginal lands anymore. We have made a with the Australian to pay fair prices for leases with the Australian Government

for public assets on Aboriginal

land. So this is about a partnership going forward and a

recognition by the Commonwealth

bar in terms of their efforts bar that they do need to lift the

in the Northern Territory,

given the state of disadvantage

that affects Aboriginal people here in the territory. There's

a lot of discontent out there over your shire's policy. In

mistake? Well, we're a retrospect, has that been a

Government that has taken the

bold reform. We are the

Government that's actually seen a vision for the Northern

Territory, the previous 74 local community government

councils, most of those were dysfunctional. We recognise

there are problems in terms of

bedding the shire s. In recognise and I particularly bedding the shire s. In we

recognise that in terms of the

local boards that they do feel

dis empowered by the shires in

the main centres. So we're

looking at how we can actually strengthen local strengthen local decision

making by those boards and we

will be making some

in the new year. I recognise

there are problems but the

shires were always going to be a journey. It was never going to be a simple fix always a journey to government across journey to strengthen local

territory. So you will be

looking to restructure that

policy? We are certainly

looking and talking to the

shires about that, about how

can we strengthen the role of

local boards in all of those

communities. So we have the

shires making the decisions

that the shire level u but

those local boards at a community level what input can they have in terms of community level what greater

services delivered in services delivered in their

communities and we're having community, jobs in their local

announcements yerl early in the announcements yerl early

new year. The other big issue

in remote areas is fund tock

out stations. Are you confident the Federal Government will

come to the party on this issue? And where does that leave doesn't? The great thing here

is both Governments have is both Governments have made public statements that we support out stations and homelands. We've both said

we're not going to from supporting out stations

homelands. I still believe the Federal Government has a very

real and lasting responsibility

to continue that funding into

the future. So we're still having those conversations but

I say to people who are living out in those homelands that governments are

not going to walk away but

there is certainly still some

arm wrestling going on in terms of the funding. The jail has

been a big budget item this

year, now costing almost $800 million. That is a huge blow-out from the original $300 million price tag. How can the

Territory justify spending so

much money on locking people

up? If you actually look at the

cost analyst over time, the structure that we have in place

with the PPP is actually

cheaper than government doing

it itself. This is not just

about building a new jail. This is about a corrections system right across

the Northern Territory. This is

about shutting the door, the revolving door on people who

are taken into prison on repeat occasions for minor offences.

This is all about education, lifting education, lifting training, actually having facilities in

place in the new prison that will provide for the education

and training that we can't provide currently at

Berrimah. Legal experts say,

though, that the way to lower the indigenous incarceration

rate is pride providing more

services in out in remote communities to prevent people

going to jail. Why wouldn't you invest more in that area? $800

of money. Well, our current

jail is bursting at the seams and needs a substantial

upgrade. So it would cost upgrade. So it would cost more

to up-Dade an expand Berrimah than it would to build the new

facility. So I want to make that very clear. This is not a

case of you can't just build

the new facility. If we didn't

build the new facility we would have to spend even more

upgrading and expanding the

existing facility at ber ma.

But I agree keeping people out

of prison is the number of prison is the number one

priority, so it's improving education brought Outcomes, improving employment

opportunity force indigenous

people . That's why we do ve w have our working futures policy, why we policy, why we are investing in

our 20 towns. It's now less

than 12 months sun until the election you went to the election you went to the last

election early over the

security over Inpex. Will security over Inpex. Will Inpex

be a factor in the campaign this time round? The Inpex

final investment decision will

be done and dusted by August

next year. I'm very confident

of that. And what I will be go going to the election next year

is with a big bold vision and a

bright vision for the future of the Northern Territory. We have

had a very busy year this year.

And fundamentally you'd rather be here than Australia at the moment. I am

doing a round of end of year

Christmas concerts in schools throughout Darwin throughout Darwin and Alice

Springs next week. I look out

at those kids and see the

future that they've got here in the Northern Territory. Better than Europe, better than America, better than most places around

places around the world. It's a

very bright future that we very bright future that we will be taking to the people at the next Northern Territory election. Chief Minister,

thanks so much for talkings

wing with us. Nk thafrs thank, Louisy.- Across Northern

Australia, business is booming,

driven by the resources sector.

But the boom is result ing in a skills shortage. The mining

dominated. And while some women are taking on non-traditional

roles, they're still in the

minority. . My day-to-day jobs as operation and

maintenance of gas turbines in

here at the Kathryn power station. Katie Berto Williams

is making her mark in what has

traditional ly been a man's

job. Inspired by her handyman

father, this former park ranger

took on apprenticeship as a

mechanical fitter. It's an opportunity

was that excited they leaped up into the air saying, yes, yes, yes! I've got an yes! I've got an opportunity finally. Occasionally I finally. Occasionally I get

the comment of why did I choose

this sort of trade. And I this sort of trade. And I think well if a man can do it why not

a woman ? Women on the land taking the age old place which

in English speaking country has

always been reserved for man. A practicality in Australia, well

let's see. Up until the Second

World War, many jobs including

the so-called hard hat trades

that provide skill force that provide skill force the resources mining construction sectors were a male-dominated domain. Working

y horse teams and complicated

farm machineries include of

rouge for these sisters they use ointsment for use ointsment for their sisters. The war opened the door to women but was short lived. That was a

period when women went into the

labour market because of labour market because of the absence of men. But then when the men came back the women were expected to return to the

home. Today, industries like mining and mining and construction are still male dominated. The

percentage of women represented in the construction industry last 20 last 20 years. Resource companies that might go to do

recruitment fairts and they get

approached by people who ask do

you employ women. So the that those questions are still

being asked there is still a perception, they're not women's

work so to speak. Across Northern Australia, a booming resource sector is stretching

the labour supply to the limit.

Nation-wide, thousands of

apprentices and trainees are apprentices and trainees are in

training. But women make up

less than 10% of the numbers in

resources, infrastructure and mining programs. In the traditional trades we don't see an influx of women coming in to apprenticeships. There is some

data out at the moment that is staying say swreg a 30,000

people skills shortage over the

Top End of WA and Northern Territory and Queensland. This

truly isn't an industry which

should only be run by males and

in fact being in in fact being in the industry

as look as I have I would say especially the women truck

drivers are some of the most Priest, safe and productive people I've come across. At ERA

nearly a quart over the 500-odd

work force is female. The company says the challenge is getting more women into

trades. Whether it's carpenters, ETS, can earn very

significant monies. So you

really are setting yourselves

up for a very good career. At Tim Tim Tim in Humpty

Doo, year 9 - the College in

Humpty Doo the year 9 girls are

learning a trade. Text year

seven girl s will be construction, mining and

automotive trades. My grand

father and uncle both work in

boiler make ing and engineering. So kind

being around it. I like to get

my hands dirty and do different things. The college ebelieves stronger links between industry

and schools would break and schools would break down traditional barriers. It's

fantastic for our girls to take

up those opportunities and get

into those areas which are also very lucrative career areas as

well for them. Jo Employers can't employ women in the

construction industry un less women apply for those women apply for those jobs. Industry groups jobs. Industry groups agree schools are the way is to make school girls aware that there aware that there are opportunities for them. So

this is Coleen our first control er we started off with

her. As we got busier we said

we needed more people and she

got on to a friend got on to a friend of hearse. Chris Boyer runs Trafficwerx, a Darwin-based

traffic control company that is

employing women in what was

once a male dominated field. 18 of its 19 employees are women. A lot of men usually

down in Melbourne and Sydney

but the girls have taken over.

J Are they doing it better? Far just unusual for its female staffing numbers. Almost all its employees its employees are Irish. They

were beauty therapist, shop worker, office workers the Irish economy is not very good

so they don't have much to go

home for. You can go steps further further with traffic management and it is an expabdsing

business. - expanding

business. Kirsty McInnes is one of an of an increasing number of

women showing an interest in

the professional side of the

resources an construction sector. I've got a real liking

for maths and physics science. And so I was really

drawn in to the opportunities that engineers had. Private certification, quantity

surveying, project management

as well is as well is attracting women. Much of Kirsty women. Much of Kirsty McInnes's

work has been in remote

centres. That can be an isolate

ing experience for women. They're really looking

for family long term, and that is not easy working is not easy working remotely. Even working in construction, the hours can be long. Issues to do with access to good chaildcare facilities even where there's a town adjacent to to a mine, often these things can be quite difficult and sometimes fairly subtle barriers which keep women out. Federal Government taskforce recently examined the

labour requiren'ts for the

resources sector. Dr Catherine

Pattenden says one of the key

out comes was to try to increase female

participation. Rather than

going overseas in the first

instance, to look at what can

be done to really see a step

change in women's

participation. Those women who have taken on non-traditional

roles and are enjoying roles and are enjoying their

careers are urging others to have a go. If they were to come

through the ranks and have through the ranks and have a crack, it doesn't matter what gender gender you are. Give yourself the opportunity. You just don't

know where it's going to take you. Go for it. The

Kathrine River is famous for its beauty and abundant

vegetation. A quick glance

wouldn't show it but the river

corridor is being taken over by

foreign trees which could

destroy its ecosystem. But

volunteers are fighting back as

Myles Morgan reports.

Kathryn is an area renowned

for its beauty. It's a delicate

ecosystem on the door step of the anymore anymore National

Park and the famous Kathryn gorge. The Kathryn region is a

very special area. It's one of the big rivers through which the region is veined. the region is veined. The river rises at Nitmiluk it rises at Nitmiluk it flows

through the gorge. But it's an

ecosystem that is under threat

from dangerous invaders. Foreign trees, the invasive

African mahogany and African mahogany and Indian

neem are growing unchecked around River. They will replace the around the Kathrine

native plants. They don't

provide the native an Male - d

other plants provide them. They animals with food s that the

are differently taking

over. These vol treers fighting

back with a major program to reclaim the banks of the Kathrine River for native

species. It's no easy battle.

Volunteers are using a mixture

of's the dees el and chemical s

to kill these seed lths. Just

make sure you get a good cover

and go right round the base of

the plant. Certainly the forward an answer and that is to get the community involved in getting these plants out of their backyards and on their

river frontages by physically

cutting them out, base barking and poisoning. It can take days to clear one massive

mahogany. Around its base a

scores of smaller plants which

grow prolively. Once these grow prolively. Once these

trees mature, they dominate trees mature, they dominate the

land scape, taking most of the

sun light, de depriving smaller

plants. They take lots of seeds

which are easily spread by

birds and animals

lots that germinate and those

plants are very competitive. So

they will replace the plants. People have noticed they will replace the native

they've become. just how prolific and dense

some estimates have some they've become. There have been

consultant s there ly be hundreds of thousands ly be hundreds of thousands of

these trees growing through particularly the Kathryn these trees growing through the

particularly the Kathryn region

and on the river banks. The Northern Territory Government's Wingrave says by targeting Principal Weeds Officer Steve

individual trees they can hope

to stop it spread s ing We

have out post of smaller have out post of smaller and bigger in festation but joined yet. So how dots between them haven't

joined yet. So how did trees

from Africa and India end up

here? They were taken up enthusiastically by growers

over the last few decades. mahogany makes for great over the last few decades. The

furniture and the neem produces

a natural insect side hindsight

is a wonderful thing. But the

Kathryn community program isn't just about clearing out the foreign plant invaders. At

Australia's Leach is growing this nursery, Greening

native species that will be planted along the Kathrine River bank. We are provide River bank. We are provide ing native species that would have been in the Kathrine River corridor. People get rid of the

weeds and they cocome in to get

propagate into the replacement plan plant s to

corridor. African Ma hog nis

and neem trees current ly

aren't declared pests by the Northern Territory Government. Steve Wingrave says that could

change. I do know that neem trees are well and truly within

our sights at the moment for an

assessment because we're

getting a lot of back ground

noise from the community about

with their concerns about the

some concerns of our own. Steve species an we're also

Wingrave is not the only one

concerned about the impact neem tree s are having on tree s are having on the

Kathrine River ecosystem. It's

an important river in its own right but it flows downstream

to other high ecological value aquatic ecosystems like Anson

Bay and it it's associated

wetlands. So all of these

things are recognised by Australian and international authorities as biodiversity significance authorities as having

guess from the gorge. All the

way along the river corridor to Anson Bay where the Daly enters

Tree into the gulf. If either tree

probably be the responsibility of the Northern Territory

Government to control because the Kathrine River the Kathrine River is crown

land. But the tree s are

hanging over the heads of residents in Kathryn City That will be the responsibility of councils or home owners. Realistically, experts say

neems and Maing to nis - Ma hog

nis can't be e-readicating and eradicating them will be the challenge. Contain them in the

Kathryn area if we can. It's a mat over finding ute we can do. Once we get to mat over finding ute out what

species like neem trees which

are controlled by birds, that makes it very difficult to us. They're often referred to

as sleepers, they're waiting

for their niche to open up and

I think we're seeing that with

neem that the Cath Cath

corridor is a niche corridor is a niche that theme

s the sandy Banks and it's now

es kaind out. There - escaped

and out there. For one of the

oldest living cultures the idea

of Christmas is a very new

concept. But over the past 50

years in many Aboriginal communities, Christmas become important time to communities, Christmas has

remember those who remember those who have passed

away. The meaning of Christmas for the Gapuwiyak has been documented

in an art video installation in an art video installation in

Darwin. And a warning this

story contains images of people who are now deceased. This ceremony is a ritual at Chris

mass time for the Yolgnu people of North east Arnhem land. They're dancing to honour the dead. We celebrate Christmas by ceremonies coming together

and someone passed away. We

bring those members back. It's a time of giving and celebration but at the same

time it connects time it connects you to a spiritual world. Up until 50

years ago, Christmas was a

foreign concept for the Yolgnu people. In the 1960s, the method dis missionaries

established the community of

Gapuwiyak, about 500km east of

Darwin. The missionaries introduced Christianity and with that the idea

with that the idea of Christmas. Yolgnu people

sort of found a common ground

of how can they connect to the people that are passed

already. Now a video project is

documenting the work the people

of Gapuwiyak do at Christmas to honour the dead. The months of preparation has been recorded. Christmas when the preparation has been carefully

first thunder sounds, that's when you think about

family that passed away and family that passed away and you start working on

graves. The three channel video

of remembering the show goes through the process

of remembering the dead. The

graves of those being

remembered are raked and

cleared: On Christmas Day,

photos of the dead are given to

their relatives and the community members mourn their

for me, dad. And I want you to loss. You've always been there

know how much I appreciate

you It's sort of like a culture

now where everybody come together and celebrate at the same time remember the ones

that are gone and, yau know, share sorrow together. The

video project is dedicated to

Fiona Wanabi - the wife of Paul

Gurrumuruwuy. The couple had long dreamt of showing

Yolgnu life to the wider

community. Sadly, Fiona Wanabi died suddenly this Garrawurra - pall Gurrumuruwuy

says he is rekoecting with her

at this time. You can feel her

talking with you. After the

death of my parents, I found that spending time that spending time in Gapuwiyak where people actually place lost loved once front lost loved once front and centre of Christmas celebrations and remembrances,

it just meant that Christmas

was full of meanling and

presence in a way that family was unable to cope with. Anthropologist Jennifer Deger was produced the project. was produced the project. She's lived in Gapuwiyak for more than

than 15 years an was

overwhelmed by the way the Yolgnu people celebrate Christmas. I was just

completely moved by the way

that Yolgnu - it's not about

eating too much, it's not about present, icen't & about the

presence of lo lost loved once

and it's beautiful. I think one of the beautiful things about

this project is that it shows that

that Aboriginal culture is very

much alive. The organisers hope

this exhibition will deliver a

special Christmas message to

those who see it. They will feel something with feel something with us, you

know, and take with them. That's all we have time

for tonight. This is our final

program for 2011. We will leave

you with some of the you with some of the most beautiful images from the year. Have a great Christmas. We will be back on air in February next

year. Closed Captions by CSI