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Looking back at first Australian Antarctic vo -

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(generated from captions) continuous improvement. Greg

Hoy reporting. 100 years Hoy reporting. 100 years ago

this Friday a number of brave

men set sail for Antarctica on Australia a stake on the icy continent. Their journey was

part of the so-called heroic

age because the explorers age because the explorers were venturing into some of the most unknown, territory on the planet. One of

the greatest of the greatest of these adventurers was Australian Sir Douglas Mawson. A series of events is planned to celebrate

the centenary of his team's

Antarctic voyage including a

partial reenactment. Antarctica, coldest, driest and windiest

continent but surely one of the

most beautiful places on Earth.

Australia lays claim to 42% of

the this southern

that is largely due to the

foresight of one man. Mawson's

undoubtedly an Australian hero.

He had enormous vision. He had enormous vision. He didn't take a short-term view

that Antarctica should be that Antarctica should be there

just for the taking or that

there should be there should be simple

geographic goals. He said there

should be a long-term view, how

can Australia best invest in Australia. It's an extraordinary history that we

have and Mawson was at the

forefront of that alliance

between science and between science and physique

and adventure and that sort of

the country was new, the

century was new and Mawson was

one of our first heros. Born in

Yorkshire in 1882 Douglas

Mawson was just 2 when his

family moved to Australia. He

went on to study engineering and geology at the University of Sydney

Adelaide. His first trip to

Antarctica was with British explorer Ernest explorer Ernest Shackleton. He was more anonymous than a lost

dog when he arrived and yet

within a vu - few months

Shackleton said I'm going for

the south pole. If I don't make it back in time and you think

I'm out there I want I'm out there I want you, Douglas, to lead the expedition

to come and find me. He was

that kind of guy. In 1911

Douglas Mawson led the first Australian expedition to

Antarctica. On December 2 and his crew set sail from

Hobart on board the Aurora rr.

It would be a journey of both remarkable achievement remarkable achievement and extreme adversity. He wanted to establish an Australian base establish an Australian base on Antarctica which he did and to

chart the coast and to take very precise scientific

measurements of the measurements of the humidity, the temperature, the magnetic the temperature, the magnetic variations. He was a scientist, that was what drove Mawson. At

Cape Denison in Commonwealth Bay Mawson's team built wooden Bay Mawson's team built the

wooden hut which wooden hut which would be hope for two years. From here Mawson launched the far eastern sledging party. After the death

of his two compn - Channions he survived for a month with next to no food before finally

making it back to base but with excruciating timing. Comes over the hill back to the base, back

to Mawson's hut just in time to

see this ship not only had his

ship come in but it had left

again. It had left that very

day, five hours earlier the

ship had steamed off leaving

him there for Mercifully it left five men

behind with him on the chance,

they thought there was no

chance that Mawson could still

be alive. The explorer spent

the next 12 months recuperating

from his ordeal and continuing

his scientific his scientific observations. Information which remains valuable to this day. valuable to this day. Andrew Jackson has research ed 20 years and says Australia's

influence in the continent influence in the continent is in large part due to the foresight and enthusiasm foresight and enthusiasm of Douglas Mawson. As to the Australian Antarctic

territory that gave us a front

seat at the table for the negotiation of the

international regime, the

Antarctic treaty which provides

a governance system for the Antarctic and that influence

continues now through the life

of the treaty which is just

past 50 years to give us a very

significant say in decisions about

about how the region should be managed for the world. And

we'll be reinforcing that in

2012 when Australia hosts the

Antarctic treaty meeting. So in Hobart all of

Hobart all of the 49 the Antarctic will come

together under the leadership of Australia's hosting of the meeting to continue to

discussion about how Antarctica

should be managed. So this is the

the oldest map that we have in

the exhibition. It was

published in 1482. There was

this large land mass Incognito. In coincide with the

cren tenry of his journey, an

exhibition of historic maps is

being staged at the State

Library of NSW. It shows the gradual discovery of

in the frozen south. It's a

story about the land mass and

the development of Antarctica

and a story about the myths

have happened from classical

Greek times through to the 21st century so it's a fantastic

story told through maps. story told through maps. The maps from Douglas Mawson's expedition

picture of not just the kos dn

line but the land itself. Maps

that we have in the that we have in the exhibition

are actually the manuscript

maps that were done in preparation for report that was done. They're

recording the actual sledging

journeys, the voyages, the basis that people have set basis that people have set up and the other thing and the other thing they have

on them is fascinating, they also have

also have the details of the

weather, the wind conditions, the temperatures, whether

they've found a particular

glacier, so it gives an

incredible detail because the thing about the Antarctic expedition was they were actually doing the land survey. So all of the earlier

maps were just about finding

land itself. But this was when

actually people were on the land living on the land and exploring exploring it. At the age of exploring it. At the age of 32 Douglas Mawson was knighted Douglas Mawson was knighted by King George V. He married King George V. He married his

Beloved Paquita and they had 2 daughters. The explorer led two

more expeditions to Antarctica

and in later years worked as

professor of University of Adelaide. He died

in 1958 at 76. I think in 1958 at 76. I think it's only now, 100 years after Mawson's expedition of 1911 to

Australians that here we have a national hero who has really made a made a significant contribution

which can never be denied to