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ABC News 24: 10am News -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) This morning - heat wave,

drought and infectious disease - scientist Tim Flannery

outlines a grim climate

prediction for Australia. It is

very important that we do that, you know, very important that we do say

and deal with them. problems here and we then go on

This Program is Captioned

Live.

Also today - Britain warns of

serious consequences after its

embassy in Iran was ran

sacked: We have made clear to

the Iranian Government that they must take immediate steps

to ensure the safety of UK personnel. And to secure the

compound with immediate effect. And Emergency's Conrad Murray, found - Michael

Jackson's doctor, Conrad Murray

found guilty of involuntary manslaughter. Good Live across Australia, manslaughter. Good morning.

Live across Australia, you're watching ABC News 24. I'm Jeremy Fernandez. Taking a

forecast first. quick look at the weather

D latest report from the

of the dire Climate Commission has warned

of failing to address global of the dire health consequences

warming.

warming. The Chief Commissioner

Tim Flannery is about to

release details of the report

Sydney. We will cross live to at St Vincent's Hospital in

it right now. This is it right now. This is the

camera crew setting up for that

press conference in Sydney. And we will go there as we will go there as soon as

that begins. Iranian British embassy in burning the mission's British embassy in Tehran,

burning the mission's flag and

ransacking offices. The trouble started during a student protest against

protest against British sanctions. Europe sanctions. Europe correspondent

Phillip Williams reports from

London. This was supposed to

be a simple protest against a

British government blamed for increasing tensions

increasing tensions between the

two countries. But it soon got

out of hand, as some climbed

the walls an got inside the compound. As embassy staff

escaped out the back, out the front windows were being smashed, attacked with whatever they destroyed. As protesters

could lay their hands on, even

a satellite dish was ripped out.

go where TRANSLATION: The British should

Pack up their things from the

spy den and go. Fires were also

lit, as riot police used tear gas trying to regain control. But it took several hours. All

of this comes after tensions

were ratcheted up with the were ratcheted up with the UK's

ban on dealing with Iranian banks nuclear weapons banks over Tehran's suspected

retaliation, Iran's Parliament

voted to expel the British Ambassador. The UK Government has expressed outrage and

warned its citizens in Iran to stay profile. We have made clear to stay indoors and keep a low

the Iranian Government the Iranian Government that

they must take immediate steps

to to ensure the safety of UK

personnel to ensure that

property taken from the embassy

compound is returned. And to

secure the compound with

immediate effect. The Iranian

authorities are have expressed regrettor the low in a fractured relationship

with the West that shows no

independent observe verse independent observe signs oof improvement. 40

declared there was no fraud in Egypt's first vote since the

fall of Hosni Mubarak. Day two

of the first round of voting

for a democratically elected

assembly has just wrapped up.

After all the questions and

doubts, Egyptians have voted in

their millions. Queues even on

day two of the first post-Mubarak many real optimism.

TRANSLATION: This is the first fair election. Nobody is pressuring anyone else. They

give you the list of candidates and you

TRANSLATION: In a period of

change in Egypt. We're able to

the give our opinion now. This is

the first time I've

voted. While foreign monitors were officially bards International observers

rights violations. At many say there's been no major human

polling stations in Egypt you

can see huge banners like these

right outside the polling

station. That and the fact that

leafletting mean there have

been complaints that the rule s

have been broken but in general

the feeling is that the violations have been minor and

there's certainly been none of the unrest that

In the run-up to the election,

more than 40 people were killed by the security by the security forces. That

led to renewed protest in

Tahrir Square, the symbolic heart of the revolution.

Some of the activist s

camping out here did not They say the election should camping out here did not vote.

have been Adelaide. First of all, I had to put the killers

in god to fulfil justice ap and

then I elect. Others are angry that even supreme council of the that even after the vote the

forces, or SCAF will hold

ultimate power. It will not be

expressing the revolution, full

of old regime members, and will

be controlled by SCAF, no Parliament against the

SCAF. Some people are predict

ing a power struggle between

the politicians and the generals. But for now of Egyptians are renewed sense of national of Egyptians are just feeling a

pride. Two bodies have been found in Melbourne's Bayside

investigating whether whether this morning, police are

they tear bodies of two kayakers who were reported

missing last night. The two men

left an & nearby yacht club left an & nearby yacht club in kayaks around 8:30 yesterday

morning. One body was found the Paterson river morning. One body was found in

The other 3km away at Seaford.

Two people have been killed in

a plane crash west of

Queensland this morning mgts Maryborough in southern

police stay single engine aircraft crashed into a aircraft crashed into a field

opposite the money dub ra Airlie Ward. And burst into

flames. Several fire crews are

responding to a grass fire as a result of the explosion. An 83-year-old woman has become the 11th victim of the fire at the Quakers Hill nursing the Quakers Hill nursing home

in Sydney's north west. Police

say the woman died yesterday in the burns unit of the dozens of residents who were

being treated after a fire

ripped through the nursing home

12 days ago. Three elderly

residents died in the blaze.

Eight more have died Eight more have died since. A 35-year-old man who was

workinging at the home is

currently before the court on

eight murder charges. Public charges. Public sector Unions have criticise the

spending cuts outlined in yesterday's mid-year budget

update. The Government has

decided to reduce the departments and agencies by a

further 2.5%, a move that will

save $1.5 billion. Unions fear

up to 3,000 jobs will go and

that will affect government

services. The Treasury insists

no government service s will be

affected but says it will be up

to each department to work out how they will make the savings. The millionaire property evidence this morning before evidence this morning before a Sydney corruption inquiry. Independent Commission Against Corruption is investigatingal

gaethss involving the former NSW Energy Minister Ian McDonald. The inquiry McDonald. The inquiry has

already heard that in 2009 Mr McDonald was rewardsed with sexual favours for arranging meetings between Mr Medich and energy executives. Yesterday, Mr Medich's business associate Lucky Gattellari gave Lucky Gattellari gave evidence. He told the inquiry Medich

asked him to organise a select

of prostitutes to meet Leichhardt restaurant in Sydney

so the farmer Minister could

pick one. He said Mr McDonald

chose one of the prostitutes

called Tiffany. Ron Medich and Gattellari are charged with

killing business man Michael

McGurk. Now the latest report from

from the Climate Commission has warned of the dire warned of the dire health consequences of file Failing to address global warming, the

Chief Commissioner Tim Flannery

is about to release details of

the report at Sydney's St

Vincent's Hospital. Let's cross

live there now.

Welcome Thanks for coming here to St

Vincent's private hospital this

morning for release of the

Climate Commission's second

report. The critical decade

climate change and human health impacts. We have here this

morning to help launch the

report the report's authors -

Professor Leslie Hughes, who is one of

one of the country's climate

experts, particularly in terms of adaptation and biodiversity

impacts. Professor Tony McMike

whole is a world authority on

human health impacts an climate change and was

the book on the first subject

in 1993. We also have Dr Brett

Gardner here who is the chief must have Medical officer for St Vin eent's

Ben Ticehurst who gets to see a

bit of climate related impact

on health as GP. I'd like to

note this morning that a number

of prominent Australians in the medical sector support this report, professor If I yoen a

sphanly, professor Peter Doherty and Professor and Professor Ian Fraser and

they will be making their own media relooses in terms of this report. This report really is supported by a joint statement as well from a number of major

health ofrtions including health ofrtions including the Australian Medical Association, the Australian Nursing

Federation, and many course those associations have

been very active in this

spaition for a number of years

now and the findings of the

report are no surprise to

them. The report we think is a particularly important one. This is it number of potential future

impacts on human health in

Australia as a result of

climate change. Among the key findings are an increased vulnerability to heat stress,

particularly among those from lower socioeconomic groups,

very young people, very old

people and those who work outside. We

outside. We also warn of the potential spread of infectious

diseases such as Dengue feef

fever, and a wide variety fever, and a wide variety of

impacts including those on

mental health as well. But

rather than me saying more

over now to the report's

authors who will give a brief summary of findings. Leslie. You're up

first. Good morning, My name is Leslie Hughes an I

am one of the Climate Commissioners and I've been

studying the impacts of climate

change for about the last 20

year. What this report is a claetion of the claetion of the latest scientific finds from the - Collation of the latest scientific findings that raises

the awareness of the really

serious risks from climate Australians think of climate change as an change as an environmental issue, they know about the impact on the Great Barrier Reef and what we are

emphasising in this report is the great vulnerability that many Australians have to the impacts of climate change now and into the

future. Australian's health

which is on the whole very

good, nonetheless rests on us

having clear air, clean water,

access to good food, and access to good food, and a tolerable range of climate to

live in. And what we are seeing

as the climate warms up,

there are other climatic change

s happening, that many both direct and indirect health

impacts will flow from

those. So I am those. So I am going to hand

over to Professor McMichael

now, who is internationally

probably the best known person

to talk about climate change impacts on health. Thanks, Leslie. Hello to everybody. I'm

Tony McMichael, I'm professor

of population health at the of the Intergovernmental Panel

on Climate Change over the last two decades. Being an two decades. Being an academic I am at risk of speaking a

little too long if if I ex-temp

rise, so so I've made some

notes which will notes which will I will just

refer to as I talk for about

four minutes. I just want four minutes. I just want to emphasise the human dimension

of climate change and its impacts. I want to give you a

brief overview of the brief overview of the major

risks to human health, talk

about what it means then for

immediate actions - adaptation, preventive strategies, and

indeed the wider significance of this information, this

report, in terms of us and the rest of the world getting rest of the world getting on

with the business of with the business of slowing and change. So firstly I welcome the decision of the commission

to actually produce a report to actually produce a report on this particular this particular topic. It's the

first report to look at the impacts of climate change

moving beyond the basic Zion science.

science. We've talked a lot in this country about risks to other species, to polar bears

in the Arctic, to our own

corroboree frog. We haven't

paid enough attention to

another Reti important species

and that is humans. This report

emphasises the human face of

climate change. Human health is

important to all Australians as

Leslie has mentioned: But we

can take it for granted in the

good times and not be properly

aware of the fact that in the

long term the health of populations actually depends on the health of the environment

around us - the clean air, the

quality of the water, the soil,

the stability of infectious

disease patterns., protection

against extreme weather events

and so on. Population health in

many respects is a bottom many respects is a bottom line consequence of all of the other

impacts that we are anticipating from climate

change. Now, in recent decades,

temperature has risen, heat

waves in Australia have more severe, causing more hospitalisations, suffering and deaths, worldwide evidence actually suggests that weather disasters are beginning to

increase in severity around the

world and in this country of course that means particularly

fires and floods. These are likely to become increasing sources

sources of injury, death, grief and depression in

Australia. Rising temperature also affects

also affects the quality of our

air and this presents a risk to our our lungs, to our heart, to our

blood vessels and many infectious diseases, as Tim Flannery has already mentioned

are sensitive to temperature

and humidity and we anticipate

for example that food borne

diarrhoeal disease,

gastroenteritis will increase as temperatures warm. We also

anticipate that mosquito borne infections, mosquitos being

very sensitive to climate, to

temperature, to humidity, that

a number of those diseases such as Dengue fever as Dengue fever currently largely confined within Queensland will tend to spread

further south. And the list goes

goes on. Climate change will

affect regional food

production, food prices and hence the availability hence the availability of healthy for lower income families and

we might just pause and think

of what happen ed to the price

of bananas following the

Queensland flood, approximately a tripling. More extensive

drought also demoralise some drought also demoralise some of our farmer, and their families. And mercifully rural suicides are not that common

but the scientific evidence

shows that in this country they tend tend to increase after times of climatic adversity. So climate

change now looms really change now looms really as a serious threat to Australia's health. No-one is immune. We

all quais fais the risks especially those who are most

vulnerable - the elderly, the young, remote indigenous community, many of our rural communities. Climate change communities. Climate change is therefore going to therefore going to put increasing pressure on our

health service during the

Melbourne heat wave of 2009,

for example, the number call-outs for ambulances far

exceeded the capacity of the

system to respond. And during

the same heat wave in Adelaide

in 2009, there was a need to construct emergency temporary morgue facilities for the

excess of deaths that had

occurred during that heat wave. So those number numbers

are also - human number s are

almost certainly going to increase in late er decade and

by later this century, if

warming continuings often its current path, the CSIRO is

predicting that the number of days above 35 degrees sent

grade, a pretty hot day, will

increase two or three-fold in Perth, in Adelaide, in

Melbourne, in Hobart, about 4-fold in in Canberra, and up to 20-fold

in Brisbane. So what do we do?

Since the world's climate is already changing we need to

prepare for various prepare for various now unavoidable health impacts a

oufr our adaptive strategy also

have to extend well beyond the

boundaries of the health sector. sector. Examples include early warning systems for heat waves, urban renewal plans that

promote greening and downtown

ventlation, better insulation in our builds and in our houses, enhanced disaster

prepared ness - something that will be important will be important for hospitals

like this, and better

understanding and prediction of

changes in infectious disease risks. So clearly there's an important role for the health

sector in all of this and its various professionals educator, advisers service

provider, low carbon role model

s and as partners in the

planning of preventive

strategies to less yoen the

already unavoidable riffs to

health. We can still prevent

the most serious health risks

of course if rapid national and

international action is taken

to reduce the level of

greenhouse gases in the

atmosphere. The clear message

from the scientific community

is that we are now entering the

critical decade. So, in

conclusion, we hope that

conclusion, we hope that this report will do three things -

useful information to readers and many of them have not previously understood the full range

range of risks to health from

climate change. Second, it should help us all should help us all understand

better the dependence op of

human well being, social progress and our health and survival on having a stable, supportive environment and

climate and finally and this is

important - it should help us

to have a shared recognition of

the risks to human health that will reinforce the commitment of Australia as the world community to take the

action that is necessary to

avert climate change. So that

is my overview of the is my overview of the report.

This is a ground breaking

report. The first of its kind

to be produced in this to be produced in this country

and one of the first in the

world on this topic. I must say

I much appreciated working with the members of the the members of the secretariat

for the climate Commission in

producing this report. It's

been hard work but they have

been cheerful, productive and important and timely product.

Thank you. I'm Dr Brett Gardner,

Officer and director of

clinical governance here at St

Vin eent cess hospital in Sydney. This darling Hurst

campus has over 4,000 staff and

students visiting. The reason I

say that is we have a lot of the health professionals very

interested in climate change and sustainability. As a major

employers, people do their thing in terms of thing in terms of recycling, bike riding, reducing bike riding, reducing wastage and health professionals are

very keen on doing that. One of I think the I think the the things with this report is that it brings

awareness of health professionals of the other effects that may happen in the system and not just looking after the environment per

after the environment per se.

There are effects on the population particularly in

terms of heat waves and terms of heat waves and other

blood borne and other mosquito borne viruss with of the planet. That is one

thing that a number of health

professionals won't necessarily

recognise. So when you read the

report, it says there are a lot of things that health professionals can do. Now all

hospital and health care

institutions do need to take a leadership role leadership role in terms of

promote ing environmental

sustainability but they do also

need to consider the effects on

the population. If we do

that more people will come to emergency departments. Our

resources that we currently use will even be further stretched than what they are at the moment. That is a

event. All you need to do is to

look at - and it's particularly

the older people or the poor people who come into hospital,

can't afford air conditioning,

they come into hospital with heat stress and totally

dehydrated. These things can and sometimes are major life threatening illnesses. And I've certain ly seen

over the years. So if we see

more of this, more people will

- if they don't die will come into hospital and suffer into hospital and suffer the effects. So

report of the commission and

thank you. My name is Dr Ben

ties hurs and I'm a GP in

suburban Sydney. I think the key message of this report is

that climate change is a real

health hazard. It's often said

that an apple a day keeps

people like me

the the 2 1st century I think

the big apple will be urgent and dramatic reductions in

carbon. I guess in my carbon. I guess in my practice I already see many of conditions that are described

in the report. I see my fair

share of children withs a month

and - asthma and breathing problems I see flent plenty problems I see flent plenty of

gastro enteritis. I see plenty

of elderly people with heart

and lung conditions that really

struggle in the heat. And it worries me, it concerns me that

these things might health problems. I think health problems. I think that

is often a hidden cost to

things like climate change and

we see that we see that particularly in rural communities during times

of drought. I think a stand-out

figure in the report was the upsurge in self-harm and

suicide that happens in our rural communities, particularly after periods of

low rainfall and drought. That

is very distressing. I think

for a city like Sydney, we're bushland city. Wer all too familiar with the hazards of

bushfires. I think a lot of patients will be quite concerned with that and particularly concerned with air quality. The quality. The report outlines a declining air quality in most

of our capital cities and

that's due to pollens and other

allergens, that is due to an

increase in ground level ozone and other particular matter,

not to mention the ongoing

effect of fossil fuels effect of fossil fuels which

which haven't yet

which haven't yet weaned

ourselves off. And I think for

me the important aspect of the report is also the important

role that doctor and other

health professionals have to

play in educating play in educating the public and edkaelting our policy makers.

makers. For doctor,

seem likes the obvious thing to

do. We try to make action d d -

try to take action when

symptoms are not present or when a condition is in its earliest stages and that is

critical that we do that with

our climate. Doctors are also a trusted source of information.

And we're experts in managing risk. And I think that all the more important that we

find our voice, that we join together and lobby through our

professional organisations around any way that we

We're also going to need to

talk to parents, talk to our colleagues, and - colleagues, and - patients, talk to our colleagues and spread the message spread the message about health. Too often we have talked about climate change in

term of moneytor economics and

we've forgotten the human cost and sometimes human health is the one thing that can knock concerns about money off its perch. health becomes paramount in this discussion. So it'd like

to finish there and hand back to

to Professor Tim Flannery and

he will be inviting you to ask

questions. Thank you very much

Professors #34k Michael, Hughes

and Dr Ticehurst. We are happy to open the floor for

questions.

REPORTER: Is there clear evidence that the natural

disasters and heat waves that

have been referred to definitely have attributed to global warming at this stage? Sorry, yeah, Look, there is evidence that global

warming is contributing to some

of the extreme weather events

we have seen. It's uneven

across the dros spectrum of

events but there is evidence

for that. Can I just say that the report does take cog

nisiance of the latest IPCC report on extreme events. What

evidence is that? There is a number of scientific

publications in month s that have outlined the extreme weather situations. (Inaudible) The

climate Commission is tasked

with the job of getting around the Australian the Australian community and leading a discussion on climate

change. We find that wherever change. We find that wherever

we go there's an interest in the subject. And the subject. And that of course

there's a wide spectrum of

views but that generally people

are fairly open minded about it. This is a very long-term

effort: We will be discussing

climate change in 2050 just as

much as we are much as we are today because we know this is not going to be

solved overnight. I think

woe're getting around and doing the job. (Inaudible) the job. (Inaudible) That would take a whole another press conference, another job.

I would like to focus if I could on the climate health

this the critical decade. How

do you respond? I would say that we're out in putting that we're out in putting fear into the community. We're

simply making people aware of future impacts. Those

putting fear into the community

are some of the more hysterical

right wing people who suggest

all sort of things may happen

in the future: But we are not doing that. That is where we

will leave the press will leave the press conference

with Dr Tim Flannery and some

of the commissioners who have

#3r0 deuced this report about

the health the health impacts of climate change. On that note let's

check up with the latest weather outlook. Storms and

fire are the order of the Vanessa O'Hanlon? Thanks. Vanessa O'Hanlon? Thanks. The

climate change people will be

taking a good luke look at the

weather. We have fire warnings

for for Queensland's channel

country and also in WA for the

central west coastal

subdistrict and only going to

get hot #234er this region. We

also have severe weather

warnings. The first is for damaging winds and flash flooding also in Queensland. In NSW, the severe NSW, the severe thunderstorm

warning for hail flash flooding

rg damage winds is for the

also part of the central tablelands. North-west slopes and plain, the south-west

slopes and make that the lower

west and upper western

districts as well. In Victoria, severe warning for damaging

winds, winds, that is for East

Gippsland and the north-east.

Now there are what is causing this extreme weather,

Vanessa? We can see three

systems at the moment. We systems at the moment. We have

this low pressure trough prove

moving from the interior. At the moment the moment that is traging hot

southerly winds out of SA into the channel country. That is

why we have a fire warning in

Queensland. This trough is Queensland. This trough is also leading to have a frontal system that's been rapidly moving over the

south-east. This has cause

quite a it bit of rain in Tasmania, parts of Victoria Tasmania, parts of Victoria and in the south-east of NSW. Tomorrow, that trough will

into the north-east of NSW so we will still see some very heavy falls over both Queensland and the north

eastern part of NSW. This high

pressure system is pressure system is directing warmer easterly winds into WA. That's why we have That's why we have a fire

warning there. That trough is

looking pretty ominous. What is the forecast around the

hotter winds in the west.

Storms are firing up around the

channel country as they into

the Maranoa and Warrego region. It will be It will be showery as well in the tropics an down towards the

Capricornia. In NSW, rain across most of the across most of the State, especially for heavy falls

around this region today. Could

get up to 100mm. In Victoria, a cool change has swept cool change has swept through with southerly winds. About 14

degrees less than yesterday in rain is moving over to the east

of the State at the moment. Also showers across

Tasmania. We are seeing heavy

thundery rain over

and west. In SA, much cooler

than we have seen in the past few days There's showers few days There's showers in Coober Pedy down to the Victorian border otherwise

mostly fine in Adelaide. In WA, we do have that severe fire

warning also temperatures are

on the rise. A very windy

morning in Perth. To the north,