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ABC News 24 -

View in ParlView

(generated from captions) could say this is a peace

dividend for us.

Congratulations we did our

work. We can get out earlier

than we planned. We can bring than we planned. We can

you live pictures of the Australian Parliament where

only minutes away now from President Obama's speech there

we are seeing the members and Senators shuffling in to the Crowded House of representatives. Lyndal

Curtis, it may be a bit of a

squeeze because more bums on seats are going to be there

average sitting of the House of than is usually the case in the

Representatives. It certainly

is. The Senators will join their colleagues from the House of Representatives. of Representatives. That

usually does mean a tight

dignitaries in the Parliament squeeze. There are other

as well. I gather John Howard,

the former Prime Minister is in

the public gallery to hear the

speech. The speech. The Australian ambassador to the United States

Kim Beazley is in as well. both John Howard and Kim Beazley is in as well. For

Beazley is a very both John Howard and Kim place for them. They spent a Beazley is a very familiar

great deal of their careers in great deal of their

the Parliament and both have

had an interest in the US-Australia relationship. I

think Kim Beazley's interest in the United States goes back

well before that because he's one of those Labor politicians

who also has a keen interest in the civil war in the United

States and he's something of a

student of that and I believe he confessed to 'ABC News Breakfast' yesterday that he was missing Canberra was missing Canberra terribly,

so it is a chance for him to spend some time amongst some old colleagues as well. Yes. I'm not sure whether he I'm not sure whether he was

joking or not. I think those

sentiments by Kim Beazley were

Looking at the parliamentary pretty much on the knocker.

floor there, what is going to

be the order of events, eat

quens of events before the

President speaks? Usually the speaker welcomes them because

it is a sitting of the

Parliament House, there may Parliament House, there

well be prayers and the

President will be asked to

address the Parliament.

Usually, that will be an address that lasts for about

20, 25 minutes and then there's

President, if previous usually eh applause and the

addresses to Parliament are

anything to go by, will spend

some time on the floor of the

Parliament meeting and greeting

the parliamentarians. You may remember when George W Bush gave an address to the Federal

Parliament, the Greens leader,

Bob Brown, protested vocally at

some of the US policy. Bob

Brown has promised won't be

doing that this time. It will

be maybe a quieter affair from

at least the MP, but at least the MP, but certainly

there will be many MPs and

Senators who will be wanting Senators who will be wanting to

say hello to the President and say hello to the President

may well be given that may well be given

opportunity after the speech is finished. Professor Geoffrey

Garrett from the Garrett from the US study

centre, the Prime Minister got

an equally warm reception when

she addressed US Congress

earlier this year. Yes. In

fact those famous shots of the

Prime Minister tearing up and

the Republican speaker of the

house John Boehner was house John Boehner was tearing up. People say that John

Boehner tears up every time he

reads the newspaper, so I'm not

sure what we should draw from

that. The Prime Minister's I

have sit to Washington and New

York in March was extremely

well received and I think she's greatly appreciating have commans to return greatly appreciating have the

commans to return the

hospitality. It is one thing to

speak at a media conference and

a picture fact when photograph

remembers taking photographs,

of to have a speech on the floor

of Congress or house representatives is completely

different. Yes. Obama loves

these set piece things. He

thrives in this environment.

He manages to be a very effective communicator while

putting a lot of the stuff in there in terms of history, in

term of analytic frame, and that's what I would expect that's what I would expect this

morning. Not only are we

showing these pictures

domestically but welcome to our many friends in the

Asia-Pacific, a very hot topic

of course we're going out live

on the Australian network and radio Australia as well.

Welcome to you. We're only only minutes if not seconds

rival in away from the President's an

rival in the House of

Representatives. As you were

Garrett, he may have other saying, Professor Geoffrey

weaknesses, the opinion polls

suggest he certainly has those,

but the President can deliver a

great speech? He delivers great

speeches. One thing I was looking at last night the people who criticise people who criticise him, I

don't think there was a tele prompter last night. prompter last night. He probably didn't have burl probably didn't have

written in some phonetic speech

on a teleprompter. This

morning I'm sure it will be the

normal Obama delivery which is

powerful but measured. I used

to think he was like miles

Davis, this tall wiry guy who had charisma because he was cool and I think that's what we'll see again today. Lyndal Curtis, is

Curtis, is it fair to assume

we'll see more attempts to

mangle the Australian I haddium

by President Obama this morning

in his opening remarks? I think probably not. That was

reserved for the relative

informality of the state dinner

last night and those sorts of

dinners in recent years have

become much more relacksed

affairs than they used to where people are prepared to affairs than they used to be

have a joke and have a bit of a laugh. I think today will reserved very much for laugh. I think today will be

reserved very much for a

message that President Obama

briefings that have come wants to send, according to

briefings that have come out of

the White House, about America

answer engagement in the with

Asia-Pacific. There will you be some focus with the

Australia US relations but this speech will put it in the broader context that Professor

Geoffrey Garrett spoke about

and what America intends to do

in the Asia-Pacific and what's

behind the move for a greater engagement in this region. Kim

Beazley of course may weep with joy whenever he sees joy whenever he sees Canberra.

Lots of other sitting MPs and

Senators would weep for

completely different reasons completely different reasons

every time they have to

comeback. Of those you've seen around the corridors around the corridors which has been a unscheduled joint

sitting of Parliament how sitting of Parliament how do

they feel about being dragged back for this special help him

win a confidence special day? For any other occasion they

might be disappointed to might be disappointed to leave their home states and

electorate, but for a peach by

the US President area they are

quite happy to make the trip. It is

It is a crowded end to the

parliamentary year when it

comes to foreign policy the

Senate has already sat an extra

week this year. There's one

more week of Parliament

scheduled next week, so a lot

of MPs will be here for the speech and flying home for the

weekend and then coming back to Canberra, although some may

stay on in Canberra over the

weekend. It is expected next

week will be the last sitting

of Federal Parliament, but

there are as always a few extra

days scheduled in the calendar

in case they run overtime.

There's a lot of legislation to

get through. It will depend,

the House of Representatives

MPs say what the Senate wants

to do. If the Senate wants to

spend a lot of time talking

about legislation, the House of Representatives may sit longer

than it hoped. Being an avid watcher of watcher of the House of Representatives Question Time,

looking at the press looking at the press gallery, they're usually only half full

on the average day and look

there, not a seat spare. Does that surprise you at all? Not

at all. People can - Question

Time is a usual event. Visits and speeches to the Parliament

by a US President or by other foreign leaders are unusual

events, and the president

gallery is full not only of Australian media, but also I

think some US media as well.

They're also I think seating

for the media in one of the

glassed in galleries up the top of the house House of Representatives changer.

Tickets have been issued for

those who bid to be there.

Thief had to go through some

securities screening in order

to get into the press gallery

and into the enclosed public

galleries as well today. Yes, unusually full parliamentary

press gallery for press gallery for this address. What do you know.

Professor Geoffrey Garrett, as

we still await the President's

arrival there at Parliament

House, the floor of the House of Representatives, it is

important to point out he was

or perhaps still is meeting the opposition Opposition opposition Opposition leader, Tony Abbott, a relatively brief

meet compared to his chat with

the Prime Minister. Yesterday the President Obamaing the

diplomatic niceties in diplomatic niceties in meeting

the Opposition leader. This whole trip very important this speech speech is and very important

the announcement yesterday was on US troop relationship, this

is a bit of a breather for President Obama between what

had been two or three - two

pretty big assignments on this Asia-Pacific leg. Yes,

Australia is the Sandwich in the East-Asia Summit. the East-Asia Summit. There's

some real meat there. If the

APEC announcement was the APEC announcement was the US

back in Asia on economic

grounds and now the US is back

with this new initiative in political military, what Obama

really wants is some really wants is some momentum going into the East Asia

summit. It is an Asian

creation. George W Bush was

pretty sceptical about Asian

led institutions. Obama wants

to go in. He's a late joiner,

but he wants to bring but he wants to bring some

momentum and US leadership back

to the region. I think the

sequencing makes Australia

actually a pretty actually a pretty important stop. We could be getting

pretty close to the big moment,

as you see on the screen as you see on the screen there, that tweet from the US

ambassador's team that the

ambassador in the house. He's

come in and waved to his

family, who are apparently up

in the gallery. It is fair to

say, Geoff, that the arrival of

the US ambassador to Australia

is a bit of a give away that the commander in chief isn't

too far away. Yes. On too far away. Yes. On this

occasion the US ambassador in

Australia is actually a close personal friend of Barack Obama. They go back a fair

while. They go back a long

way. Media was mentioned he

led the Obama campaign in northern California in 2008,

which is true. But actually which is true. But actually he interviewed Barack interviewed Barack Obama for a

Clark ship after Obama left

Harvard law school. They do go

back a one way. That's back a one way. That's one

reason why the ambassador has

been such a visible presence in Australia. He speaks with Australia. He speaks with the President's authority hand

a lot of latitude to a lot of latitude to speak his

mind. A lot of ambassadors are

on script all the time. The

ambassador has the ability to engage with the highest levels

with Australians which is pretty unusual for

ambassadors. It is fair to say,

Lyndal Curtis, Kim Beazley who

is somewhere there in the crowd

or in the public gallery, the

same can be said about him. He

has very close ties to the

Prime Minister care of his Prime Minister care of his past

with the Labor Party. Yes.

Appointments to both posts, Appointments to both posts, the post in Washington and the post

in Canberra, are in Canberra, are generally political appointments rather than strict diplomatic

appointments. Generally, they

are people who are close to are people who are close to the governments of the time, but I

think you're right, when it

comes to Kim Beazley, he's

close to the Labor Party, the

party of government, and close to the Prime to the Prime Minister as well and given his history in the

United States, his long interest in the history of the

United States, and the United States, and the fact he

has been a student of US

politics and US history, that

also adds another layer of famentiarity familiarity

too. Do you want to buy in Professor Geoffrey Garrett?

Yes. Everything Lyndal said

about Kim Beazley true. The

other thing to say about him is defence and security is his fashion. It is, yes. He has

been very heavily involved been very heavily involved in

all of these discussions going

back to when he was Bob Hawke's Defence Minister. I think Kim

is a very proud person today because this has been the kind after announcement he has been

looking for and working towards

for a very long time. He wasn't

bone as bomber Beazley for nothing. Exactly right. We're

surely owned minute as way now from Barack Obama. He was

meeting the Opposition leader

Tony Abbott. This is part of the formalities any visiting leader, certainly a leader leader, certainly a leader of Barack Obama's stature Barack Obama's stature goes

through. It certainly is.

These are private meetings

only, briefed private meetings only, so I'm not sure we'll see any pictures of that. You're

right, the house of representative bells are

ripping. That's a signal for

MPs and Senators who aren't

already in the house, and many

are, they should get there

quick smart. That signals it

will be only minutes at the

moment before this session of Parliament gets under way and before the United States President gives his address to the joint sitting of

Parliament. I bet the whips on

both sides of the dispatch

boxes wish that all of their members would respond so diligently to the bells diligently to the bells on normal occasions. Yes. I don't

think the whips have an easier

time than this time getting

their people into the chamber.

Of course, for the whips in this Parliament, for the House

of Representatives whips, this

Parliament has a whole new

layer of complexity because it

is a minority government and

every vote counts. They have

been much busier people than

they normally would have been.

They would have no trouble

getting the MPs and sensors getting into the chamber today. A

A very full chambers because it

is not just the House of

Representatives. M MPs but Senators crowding into this

chamber. They'll be up close

and personal with each other throughout the president's address. Government couldn't secretly slip some legislation through after the President

leaves, just to be a bit

clever? They might like to. I

don't think they have the time.

I think they'll move on to I think they'll move on to what is the remainder of the

President's visit. He has only

got a short time still in

Canberra. Here we go. The

speaker. Let's go to the floor of the House of

Representatives. Fsh

I acknowledge the traditional peoples the traditional custodians of traditional custodians of the Canberra area and pay respect

to the elders past and present

of all Australia's indigenous

people. All the mighty God we

humbly beseech you jokes safe

your blessing on this

Parliament, direct and prosper and deliberations for and deliberations for the advancement of your advancement of your glory and

the true welfare of the people

of Australia. (The Lord's prairie

(Lord's prayer).

clear Order. I invite members and Senators to take their

seats. On behalf of the seats. On behalf of the house,

I welcome as guests the President of the Senate and Honourable Senators to this sitting of sitting of the House of Representatives to hear Representatives to hear an address by The honourable

Barack Obama, President of the

United States of America. Honourable members, Honourable Senators, Honourable Senators, the

President of the United States

of America.

Please be seated. Mr President, I welcome you to the

House of Representatives

chamber. Your address today is

a significant occasion in the history of the house. I

welcome guests who are with

welcome guests who are with us

in support of the President's

visit and other guests who are

present in the galleries. On

behalf of the Parliament I

extent a very warm welcome extent a very warm welcome to

our visitors. The Prime Minister. Mr Speaker, Senator

John hog, President of the Senate, The honourable Tony

Abbott Leader of the Opposition, honourable members

of the Australian Parliament,

distinguished guest one and

all, Mr President, in March

this year I was the this year I was the fourth

Australian Prime Minister to speak in your speak in your people's representative house. Like

Prime Ministers Menzies, hawke

and Howard, each of us received

as an ally and a friend.

Today, you are the fourth

American President to speak

here. Like each of your

predecessors, you come here as

a friend and as an ally as

well. Mr President, welcome to

our Parliament. You meet us as

your predecessors did, a people

enlivened by a spirit of confidence and resolve, as

friends we recognise the same

spirit in the nation you lead,

or as you would no doubt stress

it in your famous words, it in your famous words, yes,

we can. As allies in this year of anniversaries, we recall

that spirit in so much we have

done together in the years we

have shared, a spirit we showed

in 1941 when a terrible Pacific

war began which tested us both

deeply and cost us both so much.

much. But in which we

ultimately prevailed. A spirit we shared in 1951 when we shared in 1951 when leaders

from both our nations imagined and then brought about a new

future for us in the world as

allies, not just as friends. A

spirit we felt deeply on

September 11th when we began

our fight together to deny

terrorism as safe haven and terrorism as safe haven and to

bring justice for terrorisms

victims. Justice, Mr President, which was delivered

but which this year could not

be denied. Mr President, be denied. Mr President, as

allies we look forward always

and this is a year in which we

have made plans for a future

just as great, a year in just as great, a year in which

we have drawn on the we have drawn on the confidence

and resolve we share knowing

that together we can prevail,

confident we ask secure our own nations and cooperate for peace.

peace. In Afghanistan, where

together we're seeing the

mission through to transition; in our region, where the

expanded cooperation we have

announced will see our alliance

remain a stabilising influence

in a new century of regional

change; and a step agreed on

your visit here, but more than

a new step for our two nations,

it is a renewal of our alliance itself. Mr President, confident we can confident we can create jobs and restore global growth. At

the G20 and APEC, in the G20 and APEC, in our

decisions to forge an ambitious Trans-Pacific Partnership, in our discussions here on the

prospects for trade and at the

East Asian summit this weekend

are we'll work together to are we'll work together to keep

the doors of trade open so the whole of the world's economy

grows creating jobs for all of

the world's people including

our own. Confident we can

secure clean energy and combat climate change too, working together taking our part in

global action, end global action, end gurj encouraging tariff cuts encouraging tariff cuts in environmental goods, promoting energy efficiency and sharing plans for low emissions

technologies and each of us

driving change at home. Mr

President, the resolve and

confidence of our two nations

has always served a high

purpose. Since its found ing

in 1951, ours has been an alliance for a secure alliance for a secure future,

but it has always been more. Our alliance was anticipated Our alliance was anticipated a decade earlier in the judgments

of an Australian Prime Minister

and the resolve of an American

president and the partnership between us is still deeply

imprinted with the personal character and public ideals of

those two great men. For it

has never been simply a treaty

to defend our interests or to

protect our territory. It was

then and it is now a friendship

dedicated to the values we

share in the life of the world.

Mr President, in Perth there is

a library dedicated to the

memory of migrate predecessor

John Curtin, our Great War time

leader, the man who looked leader, the man who looked to

America without any Pangs. There you find a book given to

him during his visit to the United States in 1944. United States in 1944. Prime

Minister Curtin and President

Roosevelt met as leaders of two

great nations at war, but as

two great leaders they looked

ahead to the peace. Curtin

returned to his country with

much more than a plan for

security. He brought back and kept as a treasure an

illustrated book, an edition dedicated

dedicated to president Roosevelts four essential human

freedoms: freedom of speech,

freedom to worship, freedom

from want, and freedom from

fear. Mr President, freedoms

for which so many Diggers and

GIs died, freedom for which

Curtin and Roosevelt were each

still working on their still working on their own

final day. In our work

together in the world now we

are true to that great charter still, to peace and still, to peace and security, for jobs and growth, with for jobs and growth, with a

clean environment and clean

energy. Mr President, we

welcome you here as you come,

as an ally, a partner, and a

friend. Mr President, welcome

to our Parliament. Here.

Here. The Leader of the

Opposition. Mr Speaker, it was

once said that what's good for General Motors is good General Motors is good for

America. With rather more confidence it could be said

what's good for America is

likely to be good for the wider world, because the United

States is the most benign, the

least self interested

superpower the world has ever

seen. America is great because

America is good and if

ever ceases to be good ever ceases to be good she

would also cease to be great.

America was the first and America was the first and so far the greatest nation to be founded on the dream of life, liberty and the put Paul Hogan

pursuit of happiness for all

its citizens. One of its citizens. One of our Prime Ministers, Ben Chifley had

something like this in mind

when he said Government's light

on the hill would be working

for betterment of mankind, not just

just here you but wherever we

can lend a helping hand no. Country on earth has done more

for the world, first in being

that shining city on a hill

that President ray gone so often

often spoke of. Second, through the Marshall plan, the

peace corps, the gates foundation and so many other humanitarian and high minded

ventures in every corner of the globe. Third and most

crucially in its readiness to crucially in its readiness to

defend the... Threatened. In

the last century, it was the

United States that saw off the total tearian threat in the

present century it is the United States that will see off the terrorist threat. Others

will shoulder some of will shoulder some of the burden but it is America,

inevitably, that will do the

heaviest lifting. Not for nothing, Mr Speaker, did Graham green in the quiet American

that he had never met that he had never met a man

with such good intentions for

all the trouble he caused.

Still, Reagan was on Still, Reagan was on to something when he something when he described

America as the last best hope

for mankind. Free Tom freedom

under the law, representative

government and the right to the

greatest possible liberty

consistent with like liberty for others were not invented for others were not invented in

America but have been inproved

there. Liberal pluralisms spread from England to America

and thence to the wider world

shows these are not just our values,

values, but potentially at

least everyone's values. The

US, Britain, Australia, and our

other allies, did not wage war

in Iraq and Afghanistan merely

to re remove a threat to to re remove a threat to peace but in the confidence that given a chance, almost given a chance, almost everyone would prefer a life in which

you treated others as you would

have them treat you. The US

has led the first army ever has led the first army ever to enter Afghanistan to liberate

rather than to conquer, given

the history, it is a monumental task but it is vital for the

welfare of the Afghan people,

the stability of a dangerous

region, and the safety of the

wider world. I know, sir, that

the Australian forces serving

in Afghanistan are grateful in Afghanistan are grateful for

the American logistical

assistance that sustains our commitment. They are proud to

be fighting and be fighting and building alongside their US comrades in

the Uruzghan provincial reconstruction team. As reconstruction team. As well,

they hope that their mission is

continued until their task is done. The establishment of a stable, effective and stable, effective and humane government at least by

Afghanistan dards, backed by

reliable security forces. They

know that victory in

Afghanistan won't resemble the

unequivocal resolution of World

War II. It will be more like

success in Northern Ireland. It will involve a process as

much as an outcome. much as an outcome. Our

soldiers in Afghanistan also

understand that giving up

prematurely would be a defeat

and no less disastrous and no less disastrous for not being sustained on the

battlefield. Mr battlefield. Mr Speaker, to the Liberal-National the Liberal-National coalition the American alliance is the cornerstone

cornerstone of Australian security, as it has been since

we first looked to America in

anticipation of the fall of

Singapore and Prime Minister Menzies and President Truman subsequently concluded the

ANZUS treaty. The coalition

welcomes the presence of up to

2500 US Marines in Darwin and

would be happy to see the

establishment of another joint

facility so these arrangements

could become more permanent.

Mr Speaker, US alliance exists

to promote values not to

threaten other countries. As Prime Minister Howard demonstrated, it is possible to deepen Australia's

deepen Australia's military alliance with America and simultaneously to build simultaneously to build our trade and cultural links with

other countries such as China. As John Howard also

demonstrated, it was possible

to establish a quad lateral security dialogue ininvolving

India and to sell uranium to

India without prejudices other

relationship. On selling

uranium to India President

Obama had the good sense never

to change President bush's

policy N this country on this policy the transition from the former government to former government to the

current one has been, how current one has been, how shall

I say, Mr Speaker, less

seamless but I welcome the

Government's conversion on this

subject. Mr Speaker, as

Britain discovered in 1940, and

Britain discovered in 1940, and

again in 1956, military

strength is illusory if if it is not found on economic

strength. A country that or

rows from foreigners even rows from foreigners even from friendly one to fight its friendly one to fight its wars

is at risk of the debt is at risk of the debt being

called in at the worst possible

time. The lesson of the

Eurozone crisis is that a

terrible judgment is eventually

pronounced against countries

whose governments have spent

and borrowed beyond their

means. But, Mr Speaker, the

underlying economic position of both

both Australia and America is

strong. Australia's danger strong. Australia's danger is complacency, the feeling that

the world has no choice but to

buy our minerals, so new taxes

can painlessly fix our fiscal problems. America could be

political gridlock with Congress a permanent hung Parliament where everyone accepts the need for accepts the need for lower

spending except on their

favourite... If Mr Speaker as

many predict this turns out to

be the Pacific century, it will

be the entrepreneurial spirit

and the superior willingness to

face facts of the Pacific's

peoples rather than anything in

the water that naturally the water that naturally makes

it so. Mr Speaker, both Australia and America are determined to be good

international citizens on international citizens on the environment no less than on

security. Differences are less

about the seriousness of the

challenge than about the best

means of tackling it, because

all of us want to give the

planet the benefit of the

doubt. Mr Speaker, American

world leadership may only truly

be appreciated after it has

gone. None of us should want

to find out the hard way what a shrunken America might be. Mr

President, everyone in this

Parliament is a friend of the United States. For all the

political differences between

us, on so many points we are all willing you and your

country to succeed because a

strong America means a safer

world. I hope in this visit to

Australia that you are buoyed

by our support because by our support because no

leader on earth has heavier

responsibilities. May God

bless you, may God bless all of

us as we rise to the us as we rise to the challenges

of these times. Here. Here.

Order. Mr President, it gives

me great pleasure to invite you to address the house. Prime

Minister Gillard, leader

Abbott, thank you both for Abbott, thank you both for your very warm welcome. Mr very warm welcome. Mr Speaker;

Mr President, members of the

house and Senate, ladies and

gentlemen, I thank you for gentlemen, I thank you for the

honour of standing in this

great chamber to reaffirm the

bonds between the United States

and the Commonwealth of Australia.

Australia. Two of the world's

oldest democracies and two of

the world's oldest friends. To

you, and the people of

Australia, thank you for Australia, thank you for your

extraordinary hospitality.

Here in this city, this Here in this city, this ancient

meeting place, I want to acknowledge the origin

habitants of this land and one of the world's oldest

continuous cultures, the first

Australians. Here. Australians. Here. Here. I

first came to Australia as a child travelling between child travelling between Hawaii and Indonesia where I would

live for four years. As an

eight-year-old I couldn't

always understand your foreign

language. Last night I did language. Last night I did try

to talk some strooin. Today I

don't want to subject you to

any ear-bashing. I really do

love that one and I will love that one and I will be introducing that into the vernacular in Washington. vernacular in Washington. But to a young American boy Australia and its people, Australia and its people, their optimism, your easygoing optimism, your easygoing ways, your irreverent sense your irreverent sense of

humour, all felt so familiar. It felt like home. I've always

wanted to return and I

wanted to return and I tried

last year, twice, but this is last year, twice, but this is a lucky country and today I feel

lucky to be here as we mark the

60th anniversary of 60th anniversary of our unbreakable alliance. The

bonds between us run deep. bonds between us run deep. In

each other's story we see so

much of ourselves. Ancestors

who crossed vast oceans, who crossed vast oceans, some by choice, some in chains,

settlers who pushed west across

sweeping plains, dreamers who

toiled with hearts and hands to

lay railroads and to build cities, generations of imthe

mans who with each new a

private add a new thread to the

brilliant tapestry of our brilliant tapestry of our

nations. We have citizens nations. We have citizens who

live by a common creed. No

matter who you are, no matter

what you look like, everyone deserves of a fair chance.

Everyone deserves a fair go.

Of course, progress in an our

society has not always come without tension oars destruction gels to overcome destruction gels to overcome a painful past. But we are

countries with a willingness to face our imperfections and to

keep reaching for our ideals.

That's the spirit we saw in

this chamber three years ago as

this nation inspired the this nation inspired the world

with a historic gesture of reconciliation with indigenous

Australians. It is the spirit

of progress in America which

allows me to stand before you

today as President of the

United States and it is the

spirit I'll see later today

when I become the first US

President to advice the Northern Territory where Northern Territory where I'll

meet the traditional owners of

the land. Nor has our progress

come without great sacrifice.

This morning I was humbled and

deeply moved by a visit to your War Memorial to pay my respects

to Australia's fallen sons and

daughters. Later today, in Darwin, I'll join the Prime

Minister in Saluting our brave

men and women in uniform and it

will be a reminder that from the trenches of the First World

War to the mountains of Afghanistan Australians Afghanistan Australians and

Americans have stood together, we've fought together, we've

given lives together in every

single major conflict of the

past 2 100 years. Every wing

single one. The solidarity has

sustained us through a

difficult decade. We will never forget the tax of never forget the tax of 9/11

that took the lives not only of

Americans but people from many

nations including Australia. In the United States we will never forget how never forget how Australia invoked the ANZUS Treaty for

the first time ever showing

that our two nations stood as

one. And none of us will ever

forget those we have lost to Al

Qaeda's terror in the years since, including innocent Australians. That's why as both the Prime Minister and the

Opposition leader indicated, we

are determined to succeed in

Afghanistan. It is why I Salute Australia outside of

NATO the largest contributor of

troops to this vital mission.

It is why we honour all those

who have served there for our

security, including 32 Australian patriots who gave

their lives, among them Captain Bryce Bryce Duffy, Corporal Ashley Birt and Lance Corporal Luke

Gavin. We will honour Gavin. We will honour their sacrifice by making sure sacrifice by making sure that

Afghanistan is never again used

as a source for attacks against

our people. Never again.

There's two global partners we

stand up for the security and

dignity of people around the

world. We see it when you are

rescue workers rush to help

others in times of fire and drought and flooding rains. drought and flooding rains. We

see it when we partner to see it when we partner to keep the peace from East Timor to

the Balkans and when we the Balkans and when we pursue

our shared vision, a world

without nuclear weapons. We

see in the development that

lifts up a child in Africa, the

and that saves a family from

famine, and when we extend our

support to the people of support to the people of the Middle East and North Middle East and North Africa

who deserve the same liberty

that allows us to gather in

this Great Hall of democracy. This is the alliance we

reaffirm today, rooted in our

values, renewed by every generation. This is the partnership we work to deepen

over the past three years over the past three years and

today I can stand before you

and say with confidence confidence that the alliance

between the United States and Australia

Australia has never been

stronger. It has been to our

past an alliance continues to

be indispensable to our future. Here among close Here among close friends I

would like to address the

larger purpose of my visit to

this region. Our efforts this region. Our efforts to advance security, advance security, prosperity and human dignity across the Asia-Pacific. For the United

States this reflects a States this reflects a broader

shift. After a decade in which

we fought two wars that cost we fought two wars that cost us

dearly in blood and treasure,

the United States is the United States is turning our attention to the vast

potential of the Asia-Pacific

region and just a few weeks

after nearly nine years, the

last American troops will leave

Iraq and our war there will be

over. In Afghanistan, we have begun

begun a transition, a

responsible transition, so

Afghans can take responsibility

for their future and so

Coalition forces can begin to

draw down. With partners like

Australia we've struck major

blows against Al Qaeda and put

that terrorist organisation

that terrorist organisation on

the path to defeat, including delivering justice to Osama bin

Laden. Make no mistakes, the

tide of war is receding and

America is looking ahead to the

future that we must build. From Europe to the Americas

we've strengthened alliances

and partnerships. At home

we're investing in the sources

of our long-term economic

strength, the education of our

children, the training of our

workers, the workers, the infrastructure that fuels commerce, the

science and the research that

leads to new breakthroughs.

We've made hard decisions to

cut our deficit and put

cut our deficit and put our

fiscal house in order and we'll

continue to do more. Our

economic strength at home is the foundation of our

leadership in the world,

including here in the

Asia-Pacific. Our focus on

this region reflects a fundamental

fundamental truth. The United

States has been and

be a Pacific nation. Asian immigrants helped build America and millions of American

families, including my own,

cherish our Ties to this

region. From the bombing of

Darwin to the liberation of Pacific islands from the rice

paddies of South-East Asia to a cold Korean cold Korean Peninsular, generations of Americans have

served here and died here. So

democracies could take root, so

economic miracles could live hundreds of millions prosperity. Americans have

bled with you for this progress

and we will not allow it, we

will never allow it to be

reversed. Here we see reversed. Here we see the future as the world's fastest growing region and the home to

half the global economy, the

Asia-Pacific is critical to

Asia-Pacific is critical to achieving my highority priority

and that's creating jobs and

opportunities for the American

people W most of the people W most of the world's

nuclear power and some half nuclear power and some half of

humanity, Asia will largely

define whether the century ahead will

ahead will be marked by

conflict or cooperation. Needless suffering, or human

progress. As President, I

have, therefore, made a

deliberate and strategic

decision. As a Pacific nation

the United States will play a

larger and long-term role larger and long-term role in

shaping this region and its

future, by up holding core

principles and in close

partnership with our allies and

friends. Let me tell you what

this means. First, we seek security which is the

foundation of peace and

prosperity. We stand for an

international order in which

the rights and

the rights and responsibilities

of all nations and all people

are upheld. Where

international law and norms are

enforced, where commerce and

freedom of navigation are not impeded, where emerging powers contribute to regional security

and where disagreement are

resolved peacefully. That's

the future that we seek. I

know that some in know that some in this region have wandered about America's commitment to up holding commitment to up holding these

principles so let me address

this directly. As the United

States puts our fiscal house in order we're reducing order we're reducing our spending and yes, after a

decade of extraordinary growth

four military budgets, and as

we definitively end the war in

Iraq and begin to wind-down the

war in Afghanistan, we'll make

some reductions in defence

spending. As we can consider

the future of our armed forces,

we have begun a review we have begun a review that

will identify our most important strategic interests and guide our defence

priorities and spending over

the coming decade. Here is

what this region must know. As

we end today's wars, I have directed my national security

team to make our presence and

mission in the Asia-Pacific a

top priority. As a result, reductions in US defence

spending will not, I repeat, will not, come at the expense

of the Asia-Pacific. My

guidance is clear - as we plan and budget for the future, we

will allocate the resources

necessary to maintain our

strong military presence strong military presence in this region. We will preserve

our unique ability to project

power and deter threats to

peace. We'll keep our commitments including our treaty obligations to allies

like Australia. We will constantly strengthen our

capabilities to meet the needs

of the 21st century. Our

enduring interests in the

region demand our enduring presence in the region. The

United States is a Pacific

power and we're here to stay. Indeed,

Indeed, we are already modernising America's modernising America's defence

posture across the

Asia-Pacific. There will be

more broadly distributed,

maintaining our strong presence

in Japan and the in Japan and the Korean Peninsular will enhancing our presence in South-East Asia.

Our posture will be more

flexible with new capabilities to ensure that to ensure that our forces can operate freely. Our posture

will be more sustainable, by helping allies and partners

build their capacity with more

training and exercises. We see

our new posture here in Australia. The initiatives that the Prime Minister and I announced yesterday will bring

our two nations even closer

together. We'll provide new opportunities to train with

other allies and partners from

the Pacific to the Indian Ocean

and it will allow us to respond

We seek economies

open and transparent, we seek

trade that is free

trade that is free and fair and we seek an open international

economic system where rules are

clear and every nation plays by

them. In Australia and America

we understand these principles.

We're among the most We're among the most open

economies on earth. Six years

into our landmark trade

agreement commerce between agreement commerce between us

has soared. Our workers has soared. Our workers are creating new products, like the advanced

aircraft technologies we built

together in Victoria. We're the leading investor the leading investor in

Australia. You invest more

than you do in any other

nation, creating jobs in both

countries. We recognise that

economic partnerships can't

just be about one nation extracting another's resources. We understand that no long-term strategy for growth can be imposed imposed from above. Real prosperity, prosperity that Fosters innovation and prosperity

prosperity that endures, comes

from unleashing our greatest

economic resource and that's the entrepreneurial spirit, the talents of talents of our people Building

on our historic trade agreement with South Korea, we're working

with Australia and our APEC partners to create a

seamless regional economy and

with Australia and other partners we're on track to receive

receive our most ambitious

trade agreement yet and a potential model for potential model for the entire

region, the trans Pacific

partnership. The United States

remains the world's largest and

most dynamic economy, but in an

interconnected world, we all rise

rise and fall together. That's

why I push so hard to push the G20 at the front and centre of

global and economic decision

making to give more leadership role in managing the international economy, including Australia. Together,

we save the world economy from

depression and now our urgent

chal Seng to create the growth

that puts people to work. We need

need growth that is fair, where

every nation plays by the

rules, where workers' rights

are respected, and our businesses can compete on a

level playing field, where the intellectual property technologies that fuel innovation are protected and where currencies where currencies are market driven, so no nation has an unfair advantage. We also need

growth that is broad, not just

for the few but for the many,

with reforms that protect consumers

consumers from abuse and a

global commitment to end the

corruption that stifle s

growth. We need growth that growth. We need growth that is balanced because we'll all prosper more with large surpluses take

action to boost demand at home

and we need growth that is

sustainable, and this includes the clean energy that creates green

green jobs and combats climate

change which cannot be denied.

We see it in the stronger fires, devastating floods and fires, devastating

Pacific island s confronting rising

rising seas and as countries

with large carbon footprints,

the United States and Australia

have a to lead every nation

contribute to the solution in

its own way, I know this issue is

is not without controversy. In

both our countries. What we

can do and what we are doing is

to work together to make

unprecedented investments in

clean energy, to increase

energy efficiency and to meet

the commitments we made at

Copenhagen and Cancun. We can

do this and we will. The rule

of law, transparent institutions, the equal administration of justice, because history

because history shows that over

the long run democracy and

economic growth go hand in hand

and prosperity without freedom is just another form of

poverty. This brings me to the

final area where we are

leading, our support for leading, our support for the fundamental rights of fundamental rights of every

human being. Every

chart its own course, yet it is

also true that certain rights

are universal, among them

freedom of speech, freedom of

the press, freedom of

freedom of religion, and the freedom of citizens to freedom of citizens to choose

their own leaders. These are

not American, Australian or

western rights, these are human

rights. They stir in every

soul, as we've seen in the democracies that have succeeded here in Asia.

have been tried and they have

failed - fascism and communism

ruled by one man and ruled by a committee and they failed for the same

the same simple reason, the same simple reason, they ignore the ultimate source of

power and legitimacy, the will of the people. Yes, democracy

can be messy and rough, I

understand you mix it up quite

well during Question Time.

Whatever our differences of party or of ideology, we know

in our democracies we are

blessed with the greatest form of government ever known to

man. So as two man. So as two great

democracy, we speak up for

those freedoms when they are

threatened. We partner with emerging democracies like Indonesia to help strengthen the institutions upon which

good governance depends. We encourage open government

because democracies depend on an an informed and active citizenry. We help citizenry. We help strengthen civil society, because they

empower our citizens to hold their governments accountable

and we advance the rights of

all people - women, minorities

and indigenous cultures -

because when society is hardest

the potential of all citizens,

these societies are more

successful, more prosperous and

more just. These principles

have guided our Burma, with a combination of

sanctions and engagement. Today Aung San Suu Kyi is free

from house arrest. Some

political prisoners have been

released and the Government has

begun a dialogue. Still, violations of human rights

persist, so we will continue to

speak clearly about the steps that

that must be taken for the

Government of Burma to have a

better relationship with the

United States. This is the

future we seek in the future we seek in the Asia Pacific. Security, prosperity,

and dignity for all. and dignity for all. That's

what we stand for. That's who

we are. That's the

we are. That's the future we will pursue in partnership with allies and friends and with

every element of American

power. So let there be no

doubt, in the Asia Pacific and

the 21st century the United

States of America is all in. Still, in times of great change and uncertainty, the future can

seem unsettling. Across a seem unsettling. Across a vast

ocean, it's impossible to know what what lies beyond the horizon,

but if this vast region and its people teach us everything,

it's the yearning for liberty

and proi gres will not be

denied. It's why women in this

country demanded that their

voices be heard making

Australia the first nation to

let women vote and run for

Parliament and one day become

Prime Minister, that's why the

people took to the

Delhi to Seoul, from Manila to

Jakarta, to throw off colonialism and colonialism and dictatorship

and build some of the world's

largest democracies. That's

why a soldier in a watch tower

along the DMZ defends a free people

people in the south and why a

man from the north risks his

life to escape across the

border, why soldiers in blue

helmets keep the peace in a new nation and why women of courage

go into brothels to save young

girls from

which must come to an end.

It's why men of peace and

saffron robes face beatings and

bullets and why every

of the world's largest cities

to dusty rural towns and to dusty rural towns and small

acts of courage the world acts of courage the world may

never see, a student posts a

blog, a citizen signs a charter, an activist remains

imprisoned in his imprisoned in his home, just to

add the same rights that we

cherish here today. Men and

women like these know what the

world must never forget. The currents of history may ebb and

flow, but over time they move decidedly, decisively in a

single direction. History is

on the side of the free. Free

societies, free governments,

free economies, free people.

And the future belongs to And the future belongs to those who stand firm for those

ideals. , in this region ideals. , in this region and

around the world. This is the story of the alliance we

celebrate today. This is the essence of America's

leadership, it is the essence

of our partnership. This is the work we will carry on

together for the security and

prosperity and dignity of people. So God bless Australia, God bless America, and God bless the friendship

between our two peoples. Thank you very

you very much. Hear,

As the Parliament between

Barack Obama, that's the end of

his address in which he spoke

not only about the closeness of the alliance between Australia

and the United States, but also

about the broader aims for the

United States in the Asia Pacific, both

military security - on prosperity and economy. That's where we'll leave viewers where we'll leave viewers on

ABC1. You can watch continuing

coverage on ABC News 24.

Hello. You're watching ABC

News 24. I'm Joe O'Brien.

You've been watching the

historic parliamentary address

by the US President, Barack

Obama. We might just go straight back to parliament now, Harry Jenkins speaking. As an individual, you inspire

us all as a symbol of what we

can achieve and, as you can achieve and, as you remind us of what we ought to achieve. As As a former Senator, I know

that you are pleased that we

have present with us our Senate colleagues. Hear, hear. In

thanking the President of the

Senate and the Senators, I thank you for inspiring in them

the appropriate behaviour that the grand your of the occasion

dictated -- grandeur of the

occasion dictated. I wish occasion dictated. I wish you a successful and enjoyable

remainder of your stay in

Australia and success in your

travel s in the region. I hope

that you have a safe return

home to your cheese and kisses

- that is the missus, the wife -

- and to the billy lids, the

kids, your children.

That was nicely finished off

there by the Speaker, Harry

Jenkins. He didn't have Jenkins. He didn't have to

yell order once. hearing Harry Jenkins yell

"order". He didn't have to do

that. It was so packed on the ministerial benches ministerial benches during that address by Barack Obama that

you might see Mark Arbib come

up at the end of that line of

Ministers. He was basically being pushed off the end of the

bench at the end, it was so

packed in there for that

address by Barack Obama. That was the address of a joint sitting of

sitting of the Australian

Parliament just in the last

half hour or so. Barack half hour or so. Barack Obama

was talking once again of the the US and Australia. He spoke

of of the similarities in of of the similarities in the

history of migration to the two

nations. He also spoke of the

shared military history, saying we've stood together and fought together and given

together and given lives

together in every single major

conflict of the last 100 years.

He made specific mention of the

three Australian soldiers

killed in recent weeks in

Afghanistan, and that was in

that incident involving an

Afghan national army rogue Afghan soldier. You can

see Peter Garrett there,

probably the only man who's

taller than Barack Obama in taller than Barack Obama in the Parliament there today, as he makes his way down ministerial benches and speaks to

to some of the backbenchers there as well. But Barack Obama was also saying - and this

this was probably the most

significant news point - we might

might just listen to this. I

feel I can say that the House

stands adjourned until Monday,

21 November 2011 at 10am.

Hear, hear. Harry Jenkins

just continuing with the

business of the House. I was just saying one of the just saying one of the most significant points out of that

address by Barack

when he spoke of the tide of

war receding and saying the US

is looking forward to the

future, that economic strength

at home is the foundation of

international leadership. The

Asia Pacific is now the key to

creating jobs and opportunities

for people in the US and that

is his top priority, and he's made that deliberate strategic decision, shifting

focus to the Asia Pacific and

in that process he's committed

to upholding the rights and
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