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ABC Midday Report -

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Live.

Third time lucky - the US

President Australia-bound for

talks on closer military

ties. The further south - the focal point, that strategic

geography shifts then the more

focal point we are. Police focal point we are. Police and

occupier s protesters occupy

the same space. Happy hours -

more people than you think have

a drink at work. And capital

idea - Burma's 20-lane highway

to democracy. Hello and welcome to ABC News across Australia. I'm Ros

Childs. The local share market

has given up most of this morning's

morning's gains. Finance stocks

are one of the biggest drags at the moment:

More finance later in the

bulletin. There are only a few

hours to go before Barack Obama

arrives in Australia for his

first official visit. He has

had to postpone the trip twice

America, but today 'Air Force because of domestic concerns in

One' is due to touch down in One' is

Canberra at 3:25 local time. He won't on our shores for long,

he is flying out again tomorrow

trigger one of the biggest and evening and his arrival will

most sophisticated security

operations ever seen in this

country. Political reporter

Andrew Greene is outside Parliament House. Andrew,

what's the President's schedule once he gets here? A jam-packed

schedule. When the world's most powerful person arrives in

down to business. He will be Canberra, it will be straight

Minister and officially greeted by the Prime

of course, Julia Gillard and President Obama were only

together a few days ago at the

APEC summit. The President's official motorcade will

its way to a 5-star hotel that

has been secured for his visit.

The President will spend some

time there before making his

way back here to Parliament

House where he will be given an

official ceremonial welcome for

a head of state, then into a

and then he will end the day conference building to hold a press

with an official state dinner inside Parliament House and

with pems of the federal

Parliament and other visiting dignitaries. The main purpose

of this visit is to strengthen of this visit is

military ties with Australia? That's right. The

Obama Administration in recent

times has been talking about a

shift in its foreign policy

focus as it winds down from the

10-year long operations in the

Middle East with the conflicts

in both Iraq and Afghanistan.

focus It's now looking to shift its

region. There is a lot of talk

about this region being the

biggest growing region in the

21st Century and the Asian

America. The Obama Century is very important to Century is very important

Administration also wants to

re-emphasise its close alliance

with Australia which it has had

in a formal sense with the ANZUS alliance, this year

celebrating its 60th year, so the President will be emphasising that. There is

expected to be a big

announcement as well of an increased military presence for the United States and this is all a point that

the Australian ambassador to the United States, Kim Beazley, the United

has been emphasising. He has

come back also for this

official visit. Look, the

Pacific, the Asia-Pacific

region now is the focal point

of the global political system.

I know you've got issues elsewhere, you will have to

deal with those issues, but

give this area focus . Now

they're saying that themselves,

and that's a great thing for

us. And what's it like being in

Canberra today, Andrew, with

all these security measures place? Certainly a massive all these security measures in

security operation in and

around Parliament. The skies above are a

above are a no-fly zone while

the President is here in town,

but he is also seeing - we are seeing a number of key

landmarks secured as well

around Canberra, the war

memorial where the President

will be tomorrow.. We've seen a

number of operations in place

for a number of days ahead of

seen the arrive al of Secret

Service agents and that sort of

thing. For most of the city you

don't notice too much of a

within the parliamentary difference, but certainly

precinct there is a lot of

tight security as you would

expect for any visit from a US President, Ros. Andrew, thank

you Thank you. As bushfire

season approaches, the

Victorian Government has

confirmed there will be one

less air crane stationed in

Melbourne to fight fires over

summer. This summer 41 aircraft

worth $11 million will be on

standby to battle bushfires,

fixed-wing planes, but only two including helicopters

compared air cranes will be available

compared to the three in the skies last year. People

shouldn't feel concerned about our aircraft capability in this

State. It is very good, the

distribution is right, the mix

of the machines is right, they

will operate in bush and grassland. The Victorian

Government say it is will be

ready to call in extra

resources from interstate. One

of the heroes of Australia's

military involvement in

Afghanistan has met the Queen.

recipient, towered over the Victoria Corporal Ben Roberts-Smith, a

monarch during the audience. He

was invited in recognition of

his feat last year of clearing

two Taliban machine-gun posts

while trying to draw fire away

from colleagues. It's obviously

a great privilege and it is

very humbling. I think the most

important thing for me to take

away from it is that I'm here

representing everyone else back

home, the whole ADF and more

with me on the day. The importantly my team who were

Victoria Cross is Australia's

highest award for gallantry in

the face of the the face of the enemy. Across South East Asia massive monsoon

season flooding has killed more

than a thousand people, more

than 500 of them in Thailand

alone and the numbers are still

died have drowned or rising. Most of those who have

electrocuted, many of them

from one children. Zoe Daniel reports

from one community still

grappling with stagnant floodwater and now grief as

well. The water is slowly

receding here, but it's taken

so much with it - homes, livelihoods, and livelihoods, and now a child's

life. Little U Mudr was only 19

months old.' Woke early from an

afternoon nap with the family

and fell alone into the

Now he will never wake up again

and his mother has only memories left.

TRANSLATION: The sound of his

laughter, there were so many special things about

him. Across the region, more than a million children have

been affected by this year's

flooding. The risks are

enormous, primarily from

drowning, electrocution and

soon waterborne disease. U

is one of more than 560 people

killed in Thailand alone.

TRANSLATION: I don't think it

will be only my child. More families will face a situation

like this. It's dangerous. This

community at Sam Wa in

Bangkok's north-east is on the

outer side of flood protection dykes helping keep inner

Bangkok dry. We first came here

when anger overflowed and

residents destroyed a barrier

from their homes. A deal was

reacheded to release some

water, but now in grief, not

anger, there are questions about whether more could have

been done. TRANSLATION: If TRANSLATION: If the government

could better manage the water

to make the conditions more

normal than this it might not

have happened. It feels like an

invasion to be here, but the

community asked us to come

because they want everyone to

see just how difficult it is to

live in this situation and just

how much this flood has cost

them. The water flow of life here, and even

when it's gone , things will

never be the same. never be the same. Security forces across Indonesia are on

high alert because of a new

terror threat. A cache of weapons

weapons was seized and several

arrests made across the weekend in

in Jakarta. Authorities say

they were linked terrorist Abu Omar.

TRANSLATION: We questioned the

suspects and learnt that they want to restart military training

training to attack the Shi'a community and carry

on other important targets so that's why they need

weapons. The weapons weapons. The weapons were smuggled from the Philippines.

Police expect to arrest more

cell members. Three people from

Occupy Melbourne movement were

arrested this morning after a

scuffle broke out when police

tried to remove them from

Treasury Gardens. Police moved

in when the to comply with council orders.

Melbourne City Council says the

protesters can stay in the

Gardens, but aren't allowed to

erect any tents erect any tents or

banners We're being totally

discriminated against and the

amount of police today was completely unreasonable. There

was over 80 police for, what,

20, 30 people. The Occupy Melbourne movement has been

protesting against corporate

greed at the Gardens for nearly

two weeks. And in the place where it all started police

have arrested hundreds

in a pre-dawn raid on a New

York park where they have been

camping for two months. While

protesters have been told they

can use the park during the

day, their tents are now banned. North America

correspondent Lisa Millar

reports. Police arrived in the

early hours, surprising the 200

protesters who had camped for

the night. CHANTING. Officers

began taking down tents. Of

those who refused to leave were arrested. Protesters have had

two months to occupy the park with tents

now they will have to occupy the space with the power of

their arguments. With the park

emptied, the cleaning crews

moved in. The mayor had warned

that health and safety was a

factor in his decision. He told

protesters they could use the

area by day, but at night they

would have to leave. That's

Ground Zero to the whole

movement and if we get pushed

out of it, I feel like it shows

a weakness and we don't want to

do

ruled against the protesters as

well, banning their tents and

sleeping-bags. They're now

contemplating the future of a movement that began two

ago and sparked similar

demonstrations around the

world. The fact that this

movement ignited a national and

international movement shows

you there is such a hunger, need, desire, timeliness that

this is wanted, you know. They

say they will continue their

fight against wealth inequality

and won't be deterred by a series series of evictions elsewhere.

Millions of dollars worth of

smuggled ivory and rhino horns

have been seized in Hong Kong.

They were found in a shipping container from South

hidden behind layers of tin

foil, paper and plastic. It was

X-rayed because the listed

cargo of scrap plastics raised

spish shuns. Rhino horns are

highly prized in China and

Vietnam because of their reputed curative powers,

putting the survival of the

species at risk.

TRANSLATION: All of the rhinos

are highly endangered. All of

the five species of rhino are listed in Appendix 1 in International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild

Fauna and Flora. Police refused

to name the cargo's final

destination. A new study of

drug and alcohol use has found

that nearly one in 10 people usually use alcohol while at work. The surprise finding comes Addiction at Adelaide's

Flinders University. It also

found that just over 5% of

people said they had been under

the influence at work. Dr Ken

Pidd is presenting his findings

to a conference on alcohol and

drugs in Tasmania today. It was

surprising to us as well, but previous studies that we've

done a smaller scale tend to

indicate that most of that

usage usually occurring at the

workplace but after people have

finished work, when they have a few drinks with their

colleagues at work in the lunch room, for

the lockers or at their benches

or workplaces before they go

home and while that sounds pretty ino'clock wous,

travelling to and from work is still collected as part of

occupational health and safety

statistics and some workers and

workplaces are indeed covered

from workers compensation

insurance so still quite an

issue. Do you know how many

people are drinking at work on

average? No, we don't. The

survey was collected as the National Drug Strategy Household Survey which collects

data from about 10,000 employed

Australians and the questions

didn't allow us to ascertain

the actual time that they were drinking nor drinking nor the amount that

they were drinking, but surprisingly, about 80% of

those that reported that they

had drunk at work were also

reporting that they didn't

think that they were under the

influence of alcohol at work,

which was a surprise to me,

which tends to indicate that -

are not really aware of the potential

even drinking small amounts of

alcohol could have on their work performance. What about

drugs at work, what did you

find there? Around about 1% of

the workforce

they had - well, that they

usually use drugs at work, and

about 2% reported that they had attended work under the

influence of drugs, so that

suggested to us that with drug

use, a lot more of it was

occurring away from the

workplace, outside of work

hours, but they were still coming to work under the sectors or industries where

alcohol and drug use are more prevalent? Alcohol use and drug

use stood out in the

hospitality industry, people

working in

nightclubs and that sort of

location, but also alcohol

stood out in the financial

services sector, and illicit

drug use in the construction

industry. Dr Ken Pidd, thank

you Thank you. Qantas CEO Alan Joyce says he hopes to strike a

deal with the unions before next next week's deadline. The 21-day negotiating period

ordered by Fair Work Australia

ends on Monday. Despite

thousands of passengers left

stranded by Qantas grounding

its entire fleet last Alan Joyce doesn't believe the

airline has lost public support. The amount of positive

comments that we're getting has multiplied ninefold that we're actually bringing certainty to

this and ending the

problems. On the airline's 9

1st birthday, the CEO invited

the media to inspect the new generation Boeing Dreamliner after its arrival in

Sydney yesterday. The first

plane on order will be ready

for Jetstar passengers in

2013. Prime Minister Julia

Gillard's new stance on sales to India has been

predictably welcomed by the

government in New Delhi. The

move would give India access to

the world's largest reserve s,

but in India, concern over

nuclear power has grown since Fukushima. The ABC's Richard

Lindell reports. For India,

this is as much about symbolism as it is as it is supply. Energy is one

of the key area s for bilateral cooperation. We welcome this

very important initiative. After signing a civil nuclear deal with civil nuclear deal with the US,

a supply deal with Australia

further enhances India's

international reputation and strengthens the bilateral relationship. There are deep,

deep concerns about the

strategic importance of India

and how we further strengthen our relationship with

India. Supply from Australia

will become more important as India aims to produce a quarter of its electricity through nuclear power by 2050. The

world has realised now world has realised now that

nuclear energy is the most viable option, given the

impaths of climate change. But

at the local level, residents

fear another Fukushima and

there have been a series of

protests and clashes with

police at proposed sites for

new plants. It is about the

inherently hazardous nature

is the only form of energy

production anywhere on Earth

which is capable of undergoing catastrophic accident. India's

government has a lot of work to

do to convince the public that nuclear power is safe and after successfully testing nuclear-ready successfully testing a nuclear-ready missile this

week, it also will have to keep

telling the world that there is

no potential for leakage

between its civil and military

programs. Let's go to some of

the other stories makes news in

business. Business confidence

within the manufacturing sector has

has fallen sharply, according to a September survey by the National Australia Bank.

Factories continue to struggle under a strong dollar, higher

costs and weak local

demand. The latest economic

growth figures show Europe is sinking into sinking into recession. The

debt-burdened EU grew at a

paltry 0.2% from July through to September. The numbers don't

include Italy and Greece or

cover October when the crisis

deepened. And Tiger Airways has

been given clearance to take on

more routs just months after its forced grounding. The Civil

Aviation Safety Authority

cleared Tiger to resume flying in

schedule of just 22 flights per

day or a thid of its capacity. That's

That's now been increased to 32

flights per day. Let's take a

check of the markets check of the markets with

Juliette Saly from CommSec. How

is it all looking? We are doing

OK at the moment, Ros. A little

bit of a choppy start to the session but the All Ordinaries

up by two-tenths of 1%.

European share markets did close lower overnight. The

miners are going well They certainly

iron ore miners. Spot price of

iron ore has risen quite

sharply so Rio Tinto looking

well up by 2%. Bit of weakness by the goldminers. Uranium

stocks still climbing Not quite

the gig jumps we saw yesterday

but still a lot of Activision

in the uranium players. Deep

Yellow up by 3% and Paladin energy is firmer by 2.5%. But

the banks are having troubles? Certainly were in

early trade. Little bit more

conviction coming threw in the financial sector. NAB and ANZ pick up in the last 10 minutes

or so. The Commonwealth Bank

under a bit of pressure today,

worst out of the big four

yesterday, down another 1%

today. Qantas is doing OK Yes,

the deal made with the unions

before the deadline on Monday.

Qantas is one of the best performers

performers on the market, up by

6% at the moment to

$1.57. What's happening at Telstra? We have had ratings

agency Fitch downgrade Telstra

and telecom New Zealand in the

wake of both Australia and New Zealand rolling out their own National Broadband Networks.

Telstra faring a lot better than Telekom New Zealand.

Telstra stronger by 1% at this stage. Thank you Thanks, Ros. To the rise on Wall Street

and traders welcomed swift

moves in Italy to form a new

government and brighter

economic figures out of the US,

including rising retail sales:

Controversial environment writer Bjorn Lomborg has

arrived in Australia and

slammed the Government's recently passed carbon tax. Lomborg received world acclaim

and condemnation for his book

The Sceptical Environmentalist and was once likened to Adolf

hitler by a UN environment

chief. Here's environment

reporter Conor Duffy. The

airline lost his luggage on the

way to Perth but Bjorn Lomborg

has lost none of his disdain for the carbon tax The carbon

tax will have very little

impact on the actual problem of

carbon emissions T will make a lot good. Australia is one of the only countries outside Europe to have passed a carbon tax.

Based on that experience, Bjorn Lomborg says Australia shouldn't expect great

success. Look at Europe. How

much have we actually

What we cut - a little bit of

our own emissions but what

we've done is put a lot of our

own emissions towards China and

everywhere else. Tony Abbott

and Cardinal George Pell have

cited Lomborg's work, but Mr

Lomborg is also critical of the Opposition's policy The cost of

the carbon tax is going to be

greater than the benefit that

it will actually achieve by cutting carbon emissions. He says climate change is real,

man-made and needs to be addressed urgently. We're

focusing on the wrong way to

solve global warming. What we

have to realise is it's not

about cutting carbon emissions

a little bit now p it's about

cutting it dramatically across

this century. Lomborg argues

for $100 billion annual global

investment in alternatives to fossil fuels. The international

community is sounding more upbeat about the prospects for

democracy in Burma where the

country's largest aid donor

leading the way. Britain's International Development

Secretary has used a visit to

Burma to express optimism about the political dialogue now

taking place. Burma's military

dictators built themselves a

20-lane highway at the heart of

their new capital, but no-one

uses it much. There is no-one

here other than the civil

servants forced to move up overnight moved. It is a grandeur that

shames a regime that has left

its people poor. But there is

change in the air. Behind the walls of this absurdly large

building, a new parliament is

in session. Just a democratic

country now, we have a

democratic system. We have the

Parliament and the

representatives can discuss

political or economic or all

matters for the good of the

country. It all began with a

new president sworn in, in March, who surprised country by the pace of

change. Britain is Burma's

largest donor and this visit by the International Development Secretary is a chance to test

reform promises. In Parliament

he met the key Speaker.

Speaking to a foreign

journalist for the first time

Shwe Mann told me there is no

turning back.

TRANSLATION: The reform process

is genuine. It is

is genuine. It is irreversible

now. But it will take more than

and more freedom for the media

and trade unions. Severe Western sanctions will remain

while Aung Sang Suu Kyi's party

cannot stand in elections,

hundreds of political prisoners

remain behind bars, and ethnic

conflicts rage on the

borders. There is plenty of grounds for optimism but still

a long way to go before the

international community can be

able to signal that deep

progress has been made. The

workers waiting for a bus in their soulless

that things are getting better

after more than a century after more than a century of cruelty. Former Philippines President Gloria Arroyo has

been barred from leaving the country to

treatment because of Farrs she

would attempt to escape prosecution for poll fraud. She

was told of the ruling when she

arrived at Manila Airport for

what she hoped was a flight to

treat a rare cervical spine

problem. At least 20 people have died

have died in a pile-up on a South African highway

north-east of Cape Town. Two

van taxis and a truck before sunrise, leaving another

dozen people injured. And

outspoken Chinese artist Ai

Weiwei says he has deposited a

$1.3 million guarantee in a

government bank account in a

stoush over tax. He has

disputed the tax bill but says he can't speak publicly. Australia is through

to the next round of the

qualification process of the

2014 World Cup . The Socceroos

beat Thailand 1-0 in Bangkok

last night. Thailand dominated

match and came close to taking

a 1-0 lead. Surat Sukha did

well to control a long ball,

but he fired over the cross

bar. Brett Emerton set up

match winner when he provided a

cross to striker bet Holman.

The win is Australia's 4th from

5 group matches. They made is

really difficult for us and we

didn't move the ball quick

enough in the first half. I'm

pretty pleased for the boys.

Tough win but a good win. The

Socceroos play Saudi Arabia at

beginning the next qualifies

phase. In Israel, the peace

process has stalled with each

side blaming the other. The Palestinian activists are trying trying peaceful protests to

bring about the sort of social

change they've seen in

neighbouring Egypt and Tunisia.

Inspired by the freedom riders

of the civil rights movement, a

group of Palestinians has tried

to catch an Israeli-operated bus in the Palestinian West

Bank. Michael Vincent

reports. The freedom riders of the '60s black people were treated

differently to whites N the

West Bank, this group of five

men and one woman are trying to

show that Palestinians don't

have the same rights as

Israelis, even in the

Palestinian territories. Even

though I was flagging them down, they just kept

going. Finally a bus stopped

and the Palestinians and their

entourage were able to

board Not civil rites. We deal

with terrorists, that's all. It

was only a short ride on the

bus which was provided for

Israeli settlers who live in the Palestinian West was stop at a checkpoint to

West Jerusalem, a place

Israelis can't enter. It is provocation.

provocation. 100% provocation,

yes. As an act of passive

resistance it has now lasted

several hours. What was originally a 10-minute journey

on the bus to a check point

downthe road, they've now been

brought here to be arrested.

The Palestinians stayed on

board, awaiting the inevitable. They're all

throwing up these excuses of security. peacefully, saying we want to

go to Jerusalem. We have the

right to exist and to be here

and to ride the bus here. When

night fell the police moved in.

An Israeli security

says the group were arrested

because they didn't have the

correct paperwork. Organisers

say they've made their point

and hope others will join their

peaceful protests. To the

weather now. The satellite

shows bright cloud over New South Wales and southern

Queensland along a trough,

cloud stretching from the

north-west an through the interior

along a trough. The trough should generate widespread

showers and thunderstorms in

the north-west tropics threw to

eastern Victoria, some heavy. A

northerly should heat up South

Australia as a front brings

showery winds to south-west WA.

Another trough should bring

isolated stormy showers to the

interior. Around the capitals:

Let's go back to the Stock Exchange for a final check of

the markets:

That's the news for now.

There is continuous news on ABC

News 24 and there is News 24 and there is also news

online. Our next full bulletin

on ABC1 is at 7 o'clock this

evening. I'm Ros Childs. Have a

great afternoon.

Closed Captions by CSI. This Program is Captioned entertainer Jean Kittson, a multitalented roll as ambassador the typically taboo subject her own unique style, from National Australia Bank address. Jean Kittson may be best known in Australia as television, radio, has taken on an important and growing issues as an ambassador for organisations such