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ABC Midday Report -

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Live.

The Greek Prime Minister

agrees to step down to keep his

country in the Eurozone. I

predict that there will be more demonstrations from now until

the next general elections. The

PM dog some flag-waving on the

way home from the G20. We came

to Afghanistan and we have

found some tremendous days of

sorrow, but we have also found

a great friendship. Japanese

mothers take extra measures to

avoid radiation hot spots. And

scientists mind a way to reduce

damage from heart attacks. What

we've shown in our study is

that heart attack size is reduced significantly in those

subjects that got the drug. Hell Le and welcome to

ABC News across Australia. I'm

Ros Childs. The local share

market is still cautious about

events in Greece:

More finance later in the bulletin. The main political

parties in Greece have agreed

in principle on the formation

of a short-term coalition

government. The current Prime Minister George Papandreou will

not lead the new administration

and the parties will meet again

tomorrow to agree the details

of the plan. The deal is aimed

at ending the country's

political crisis and stopping

the government going bankrupt. Europe correspondent Philip

Williams reports. As the Prime

Minister, the Opposition Leader

and the President started

negotiations, it looked certain

the end of two days of talks

was near. After winning a

confidence vote in Parliament

just two days ago, this was one

challenge George Papandreou

couldn't overcome. New

Democracy party leader Antonis

Samaras wanted him gone, and

that's what he got. With the

Greek people denied a

referendum, they were

bystanders as their politicians

decided their future, one

without would - one without

George Papandreou. This

government was the worst for

Greece and we need hope, we

need something new. He is not

a good Prime Minister, that's

why. He don't care about our

lives. The new Prime Minister

will be announced later today.

There is speculation it will be

the current Finance Minister

Evangelos Venizelos. Whoever

takes over will be responsible

for guiding the Eurozone

bailout package through the

Parliament. Then and only then

will elections be considered.

George Papandreou started these

talks a Prime Minister. His

leadership ended here. He did

have one victory - heading off calls for an immediate

election. The news of his

demise spread quickly. For many

Greeks, this will be welcomed. But the new government faces exactly the

same problems. It is a change

certainly, but no revolution.

It's highly likely the painful

process of austerity cuts will

continue and the Greek people

may quickly have a new Prime

Minister to blame. And

political turmoil may not be

limited to Greece with reports

some of Italian Prime Minister's Silvio Berlusconi's

MPs may desert him, enough it's

said to see him defeated. All said to see him defeated. All

this at a type of extreme

stress for a government also

burdened with high debt. So,

with an agreement now in place

in Greece, it remains to be

seen if the new unity

government can draw a line

underneath the country's

political turmoil. Themi Kallos

is a senior journalist and

broadcastererer for the Greek

language program on SBS radio. Ros, this is the big question. This new government

will have as a main task to

pass the new long bill with the

European Union and then lead

the country to the general

elections. That will happen

around late February, early

March, if not earlier. The

details yet are not known and

the situation remains fluid,

therefore any prediction is

very difficult to make. You

were on air monitoring events

as they unfolded this morning.

What is the sense in Greece? Is

it felt that George Papandreou

was the problem? It seems so.

The Opposition party, the main

Opposition party, New

Democracy, demanded that any

alternative government have as

a head someone else and not

George Papandreou. And also he

faced some dissident voices

from his own party after the

proposal he made last week for

referendum on the new deal. It

seems that all his moves were

not calculated well, and this

led to this situation. So,

there is a new government in

place now, albeit a temporary

one. Greece is set to face more

austerity measures to try to

grapple with its debt problems.

Is there a willingness among

people in Greece now to put up

with yet more hardship in order

to do what's needed to stay

within the Eurozone? Well, Ros,

who wants more austerity

measures? The Greek people have

been living in the last couple

of years with reductions on

their wages, reductions on

their pensions. Certainly they

don't want more of that. I

predict that there will be more

demonstrations from now until the next general elections.

It's not going to be an easy

road for this new

government. Is there a split

between the main body of people

in Greece on this and the

business community? Does one

want one thing and one want the

other? Well t seems that the

business world in Greece has

welcomed this new deal for the

formation of a new government,

and it remains for later today

to see what the reactions will

be from the stock exchanges in

Europe. Now, the Greek people

do want to remain in the

Eurozone. However, they are not

willing to face any more tough

meshes. Themi Kallos, thank

you Thank you, Ros. Nearing the

end of Australia's worst year in Afghanistan, the Prime

Minister has called in on

troops to thank them for their

service. Australia has lost 12

men this year, three of them in

a shooting spree by a rogue

Afghan soldier last week. On a

surprise visit, Julia Gillard

has told Australian troops and

the Afghan President that

Australia will see through its

mission , despite the costs. On

a sandy airstrip in southern

Afghanistan, an unannounced

visit from a VIP on her way

home from Europe. Hello! G'day!

How are you? It has been a

tough and deadly year for the

personnel serving here. Just

days ago three of their

comrades were killed and others

injured in nearby

Kandahar. Yesterday you dealt

with that deep sadness in the

dignified way that you

do. Julia Gillard came to

Australia's main base at Tarin

Kowt to thank troops for their

service and to reassure them of

continuing support back

home. Over lunch, washed down

by military-issued

non-alcoholic beer, the Prime

Minister heard the diggers'

views on their mission. Her

formal business in Oruzgan also included meetings with the

local governor. It has been a

study in contrast. ..and talks

with coalition commanders about

Australia's ongoing role in the

war torn country The progress

that has been made, the current challenges. Then it was back

into the air for a helicopter

journey to the Afghan capital.

There the Prime Minister was

welcomed by President Hamid Karzai. Prime Minister, welcome

to Afghanistan. She pledged

ongoing support for the fragile

democracy and officially opened

the symbol of it, the new

Australian embassy in the heart

of Kabul. (APPLAUSE)

The Prime Minister used the

occasion to thank Australian

consular staff serving in the

most dangerous of diplomatic

postings, and promised an

enduring presence. We intend to

play a role as a partner and a

friend of yours for a long

period of time. We are and

always remain grateful to the

people of Australia for their

sacrifices in blood over these

years to help us build a

secure, stable, democratic

Afghanistan. A military

commitment that winds down from

2014. Doctors have developed a

drug that one day may reduce

the damage from heart attacks.

Human trials are under way and

researchers say their findings

from tests on mice show it can

minimise the devastating

effects of a heart malfunction.

Here is medical reporter Sophie

Scott. When someone suffers a

heart attack, a gene is

switched on which damages the

heart muscle. Scientists at the

North Shore heart Research

Foundation have found that

blocking the gene can minimise

damage to the heart. We're

trying to reduce the injury

that arises both from the heart

attack itself and also the

injury that arises from

re-opening the artery. They've

created a special molecule to

switch the gene off. It can be

injected directly into the

heart while patients are being treated for a heart

attack. What we've shown in our

study is that heart attack size

is reduced significantly in

those subjects that got the

drug. The study also found that

the heart mussel recovered

better from the attack if

subjects were given the

molecule. 28 people a day die

from a heart attack in

Australia. So there is an

urgent need for new treatments

to look at ways to reduce the

heart muscle damage that can

occur when someone has a heart

attack. Andrew Kerr had a heart

attack nine months ago. A fair

bit of it actually died, the

heart muscle died, which means

that it's just permanently

gone. You never get that back. Researchers say the drug

is still a few year as way from

being used in the clinic, but

the molecule is already being

tested in human trials for

other conditions such as

cancer. And some common

painkillers have been linked to

an increased risk of heart attacks in older people, but

now there is a new study

looking at what effect it may

be having on stroke risks.

Research carried out at the University of South Australia

and published in the 'Medical

Journal of Australia', has

found that 8 pain-killing drugs

including ibuprofen, Voltaren

and Celebrex nearly doubles the

chances of a patient suffering

a stroke severe enough to put

them in hospital. Gillian

Caughey is the leader of the

study and she joins me now from

Adelaide. Which of the drugs

are we talking about here? From

our study findings, we found

that Voltaren and Celebrex were

two of the most commonly used

drugs that are associated with

the increased risk of stroke in

our study population. And some

of these drugs have different

names, depending on who makes

them, is that? So it can be a

bit confusing? That's right.

They have brand names depending

on who makes them. Voltaren is

also known as - is its commonly

used name and that's actually

available over the counter

without a prescription. Whereas

Celebrex, for instance, that's only available with a

prescription and one of the

other drugs that we looked at,

Vioxx has now actually been

withdrawn from the market due

to adverse cardiovascular

events. I think it's important

to note, though, Ros, the

actual absolute risk of stroke

was small in our study, so

whilst we saw a double of the

increased risk of stroke in our

study population, this equates

to approximately 13 per

thousand per year. So it's a

small risk, but is that a risk

that's carried by taking it for

a long time, or is it for short

use as well? Well, in our study, it was actually people

who had first ever use of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory

drug and certainly from our

study we looked over a 12-month

period, and the risk was

initially greatest within the

first four weeks of use, but

certainly that risk extended up

to 12 months. Of course, many

older people take these drugs

because they offer effective

relief for sore joints and

other complaints. Should they

now weigh up their level of

pain against the risk of having

a stroke? Importantly the older

population do have increased

prevalence of arthritis, but

they also have increased risk

of other cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension,

and I think it's just important

that before patients actually

use these drugs, that they need

to weigh up the risks and

benefits associated with these

medicines and importantly use

these medicines according to

Australian clinical guidelines

where they're recommended for

the shortest period of time and

at the lowest dose, and I think

it's important that patients take these in close

consultation with their general

practitioner. Gillian Caughey,

thank you. As anger builds

over the handling of the

Fukushima nuclear meltdown,

many Japanese have begun

conducting their own radiation

tests or not everything from

food to footpaths. Others are

refusing to let their children

go to school because of fallout

fears and some are making

arrangements to migrate.

Fuelling their concern, a new

international report suggesting

many times more radiation

leaked into ocean and

atmosphere than estimated by

Japanese authorities. North

Asia correspondent Mark Willacy

reports from Yokohama. Tucked

away in the back streets is

Akio Takaoka's fruit and

vegetable shop, but his is no

ordinary stall. Here customers

can test the produce for

radioactive contamination.

TRANSLATION: Food has become contaminated by the fallout and

I didn't want to sell anything

that may have radioactive

substances in it, so I bought

this device which can detect it

in food. The women shopping

here today belong to a mothers'

group formed in response to the

Fukushima meltdowns. In a

matter of months, this movement

has drawn together more than a

thousand women, many armed with

their own Geiger counters.

TRANSLATION: The government's

response has been so slow. We

have to protect our children

and our biggest worry is food

contamination which could lead

to internal radiation ex-superb

sure. It's at places like this,

local fruit and veg shops,

where millions of Japanese have

had their first taste of the

nuclear meltdowns. No longer

can they pick up any old piece

of produce. These days they

have to scrutinise it very

closely indeed to make sure

it's grown outside the fallout

zone. And you can't get any

further from the Fukushima

fallout zone than Peru where

this asparagus is from. Junko

Eto is so fearful of radioactive contamination, she

now refuses to buy any Japanese

produce at all.

TRANSLATION: My preference is

food from Australia and New

Zealand. The Japanese

Government's radiation safety

standards for food grown here

are too slack. In the months

since the Fukushima disaster,

fear has spread like fallout.

With millions of Japanese no

longer willing to trust the

assurances about the food they

eat. The Olympics are supposed

to be a big attraction, but

London is forecasting a

dramatic drop in tourist

numbers during next year's

Games. A new study predicts

visitor also be put off by

inflated hotel prices and fears

the city will be too

crowded. They are the landmarks

known all over the world and

which make London one of the

most popular destinations for

international tourists. London

gets 30 million visitors every

year, spending ?15 billion in

total, and tourism accounts for

13% of the city's

workforce. But now nine months

before these stadia are full of

fans, there is a warning that

instead of benefitting London's

economy, the Olympics could

seriously damage it. According

to the European tour operators' association, bookings for

August next year are down 95%

on last summer What it won't be

at the moment is a an attract

shun for tourism and if you're

looking for a payback from the

tourism industry as a result of

this, it won't occur in

2012. London is one of the most

popular cities in the world and

July and August are its most

popular months but if the tour

operators are right, then the

average number of weekly

visitors could fall from

400,000 a week to around 20,000

and that could have a pretty

dramatic impact on the local

economy. Would you come next

year during the Olympics? I

don't think so. No, no, too

much crowd and I think so, it's

not for me. I don't think it

would be the cause t would just be - I don't think it would be

the cost. Just the number of

people and the transportation It's a busy

place anyway T wouldn't be something that would put me

off, no. But the Government

says the shortfall of leisure

tourists should be more than

covered by particular fans. The

traditional traveller may not

be so common in London compared

to a normal year, but plenty of

other people, I hope and

expect, to fill the gap. And it

could affect tourism outside the capital. That's because

most visitors heading to

Scotland and Wales start and

end their trips in London. The

Olympics will have to be a

phenomenal success to match the economic expectations. To some

of the other stories making

news in business - Treasurer

Wayne Swan is denying claims by

an economic forecaster that he

won't be able to produce a

budget surplus next year.

Deloitte Access Economics says

deteriorating conditions will

force the Government to shelf

its promise Mr Swan concedes

it will be tougher but he will

have to find further

savings. At a time where there

is so much global economic

turbulence, it's absolutely

critical that we demonstrate

clear, consistent, fiscal

discipline. Now, this is not easy. I've always said this is

a difficult task, but we are

determined to come back to

surplus in 2012/13. Deloitte

Access Economics says

forecasting a $2 billion Budget

deficit. A new survey shows

weakness in the construction

industry eased in October as

hopes for an interest rate cut

increased. But according to the

Australian Industry Group,

construction is still in

decline with house building

activity falling for the 17th

consecutive month in a row. And

ANZ research shows the number

of job ads in newspapers and on

the Internet is continuing to

fall, suggesting a rise in the

unemployment rate. Let's take

a check of the markets with

Simon Palan. Is the market

taking any comfort from the

political deal in Greece? Well,

Ros, the market is slightly

lower today but analysts say

the fall 'cause have been much

worse if it weren't for the

deal to form a national unity

government. Even though the challengings facing Europe remain, the market is welcoming

this news out of Greece, but

the market is also being

influenced by losses posted on

Watt on Friday and the All

Ordinaries is down 16 points to

4326. Simon, the explosives

maker Orica has some results

out today? Yes, Orica has

reported a 4% rise in

underlying annual profit. This

result was slightly above

analysts' expectations and the

company is also forecasting

profit growth for the year

ahead. Orica is the standout

performer today. Its shares are

up 3.5% to $25.13. Elsewhere,

Ros, South Australian-based

Beach Energy has launched a $94

million takeover offer for

Adelaide Energy. Of Beach

Energy is down a touch

today. How are the banks doing

today? Not too well. By sector,

they're probably the biggest

drg on the market today.

Particularly Westpac, dipped

more than 4% to 21.15. Some of

the media stocks are hurting

today, too. Fairfax is off 2%

and the Ten Network has also

lost 2%, down to 90 cents.

Let's have a check now of the

domestic market's other big

movers in the ASX top 100:

To the week ahead and Greece

will likely keep traders on edge. Wall Street took

advantage of a strong rally on Thursday to sell off stocks at

the end of the week:

It's hard to believe, but

British officials are now

making arrangements to inter a

body they thought they had

buried more than a decade ago.

These are images of 37-year-old

Christopher Alder as he lay

dying in police custody in Hull

in 1998 with officers

apparently unaware of his

plight. Five officers were

later cleared of manslaughter

charges. His sister and other

family members thought they had

buried him more than 10 years

ago. She has now been told the

grave contains a body of a

woman. I'm just in total shock.

I really cannot believe that

after all we've been through,

after all the family has been

through, Christopher's murder,

death and everything, that

there can be so much

incompetence or - it just feels

like contempt, it just feels

like adding insult to injury

when you're trying to move on

with your life. The local

council operating the morgue

has apologised for the

mix-up. There has been a mass

turnout in Tripoli for the holiday celebrated throughout

the Muslim world to mark the

end of the Ramadan fasting

period. Libya's governing body,

the National Transitional

Council marked this year's Eid

by releasing some prisoners

linked to the ousted Gaddafi

regime. Prayers for a new

Libya, promises of more

freedoms. Here in Martyr Square

where Colonel Gaddafi mounted a

defiant stand back in July,

they're shaping a new chapter

in their history. But travel

east to the city of Misrata and

you see the scale of the

challenge that lies ahead.

Heavily pounded with thousands

of lives lost, the scars run

deeper than rubble, and the

fighters like Mustapha who

return home for the festive

break hopes for a better future.

TRANSLATION: God willing, the

situation will improve. I will

get married and return to running the family business as

normal. But a short walk away,

life can never be normal again.

For Nabila, this war came with

a bittersweet end. On the day

Colonel Gaddafi was killed, her

own son, Abdul, died fighting

alongside the revolutionaries.

He was just 14. Headstrong, his

mother at first locked him in

his room to keep him safe, but

when he protested in this

letter, she relented and let

him out. " I kept him in his

room, but I became so worried

that he would harm himself so I

eventually opened the door and

let him join the battle and

although he was killed I'm so

proud of him." Both sides have

lost loved ones, but people

here say they are all Libyans

and life must go on. Today is a

day of reflection as Libya

enters a honeymoon period,

filled with challenges and high

expectations. A new cabinet is

expected to be announced in a

little over a week's time and

one of the top priority also be

to try to convince ordinary

Libyans to give up their

weapons that. Could be a huge

ask. For now, the tools of war

are proudly displayed. But left

unchecked, they could prove to

be Libya's biggest curse. Let's

have a quick look at other

stories making news around the

world. Heavy rain and flooding

in southern France over the

weekend as forced the

evacuation of scores of people.

In anyway be Italy, the storms

have killed one person and led

to widespread disruption,

especially in the north-west.

More than 100 people have died

in a series of attacks in

north-east Nigeria where a

radical Muslim sect is

campaigning again Western

influence. The group, whose

name means Western Education is

Sacrilege, wants the

introduction of sharia law

across Nigeria. And tightrope

walkers and jugglers from

around the world have been

gathering in Brussels for an

inaugural convention and to

make an attempt on the world record for the number of

tightrope walkers on one rope.

Members of the public were also

able to face their fear of

heights by trying ropes slung a

few metres off the ground. Australia's Casey

Stoner has ended the MotoGP

season with a win in Valencia.

It was the 26-year-old's 10th

race win of the year. Four

riders crashed at the start of

the race, including Valentino

Rossi, but nobody was sear

rousely injured. Stoner claimed

victory in a photo finish. He

beat American Ben Spies. Came

out and got a fantastic drive.

I don't think I could have got

any better run going into that

last straight. Only just

managed to pip him on the line.

Sorry to Ben but we're happy to finish the season like this. Kelly Slater has

officially claimed his 11th

world surfing title. The

American thought he had done it

last week but was then told he

needed to win another heat. He

is the dominant surfer, male or

female in the history of the sport. The National museum of Australia has opened its vaults

to the public giving a glimpse

of artefacts that seldom see

the light of day and curators

used the occasion to appeal for

help in saving a regular gal

relic. Once fit for royalty,

this car has fallen from grace.

The Green. Green used the 1948

Damler during her first tour of

Australia in 1954 It passed

into the hands of several

private collectors, one of whom

actually used it as a farm

vehicle on his property in

South Australia. The National

Museum hopes to raise $60,000

to return the car to its former

glory We would really like the

public to take ownership of the conservation plan for this

vehicle. The museum opened its

storerooms and hundreds took a

look at past triumphs, the

remnants of human endeavour,

and reminders of another time

and space. The collection's

many keepers were on hand to

share their secrets. There is

quite a bit of activity in the

storage areas and we need to be

very careful about the way we

handle our objects so that

they're preserved for

generations to come. And there

is no end of risks to the

collection. When objects arrive

into the museum, sometimes they

have insects and one way of

treating those is to remove the

oxygen from the inskts so that

they die. The National Museum

has more than 240,000 items,

but due to constraints of

space, about 95% of them are

hidden away in storage. In the

future, ideally we would like

more of the collection to be

displayed on the Acton

Peninsula site, and that means

more space and it also means

using the space in a different

way. Next year, the museum will

put large items on display in

its main hall. To the weather

now and the satellite shows

patchy cloud stretching across

Queensland, New South Wales and

eastern Victoria, generated

along a trough. Cloud spreading

into west and South Australia

along another trough, and cloud

over the Top End in a humid air mass. A trough should deepen in

the south-east, causing showers

and thunderstorms to become

more widespread. Some storms

may be severe. Hot northerlies

should persist over northern

New South Wales and inland

Queensland ahead of this

trough. A trough should bring

showery winds to WA. Around the

capitals:

Let's go back to the Stock

Exchange for a final check of

the markets:

And that's the news for now

on ady when the Greek PM agreed

to step down in favour of a unity government and Julia

Gillard made a whistlestop

visit to Afghanistan. There is

continue youse news on ABC News

24 and also news online. Our

next full bulletin on ABC1 is

at 7 o'clock this evening. I'm

Ros Childs. Thanks for joining

us and have a great afternoon.

See you tomorrow.

Closed Captions by CSI. Thought so. I'm sorry to keep you waiting, Archie. Coffee? No. No, thanks. Just tell me, how bad is it? The deadline for the death duties is up.