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7.30 Tasmania -

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industry sparking conflict in

the suburbs. It's a toxic

environment that I chose not to

keep living in because it was affecting my health and my

daughter's health. The future

of medical research in Tasmania

as one of its leaders moves on.

The rise and rise of Tasmania's

wine industry. A tonne of pinot

noir grapes grown in Tassie

will sell for about $3,500 to

$3,800. This Program is Captioned

Live.

Welcome to the program.

Hello, I'm Airlie Ward. Protection Authority is charged Tasmania's Environment

with assessing and regulating industry in the State. But there are claims there are claims the

environmental watchdog is

failing to do its job. A group

of residents in one Hobart suburb has been complaining suburb has

about emissions from a nearby

brickworks factory. Linda Hunt

investigates.

particularly Last April, May, it was

particularly bad. Black smoke

coming out of there, there is a

bit down the bottom where the

kiln leaks. A few days there

was dust coming out of every

bit of the building. You could

feel something in your eyes and nose and burning your

throat. The residents are angry

ignored for a long time. New and feel as if they have been

Town is one of Hobart's

suburbs. Many of its streets are lined with federation-style

cottages. But the suburb minutes from Hobart is home to minutes

one of the country's oldest brickworkses. A week after I

moved in, I noticed annoying

droning, like a fan had been

left on noise 24/7. I noticed

the dust, there were the dust, there were dust

clouds coming out of there, the

house was always dusty. When

children visited, they were

sneezing constantly. The black

smoke coming out of the stack, the truck movements. Belinda

McIntosh moved into her house

near the K&D brickworks in 2005. For six years she has amassed a collection of photos,

videos and paperwork detailing what she believes are environmental environmental breaches. There

were so many instances last

year and over the years I have

been - every time something

would happen I could contact

the EPA and just be basically

told, condescendingly told, how

a brick was made and it is a 24/7 operation and that they have existing brickworks has been have existing rights. The

manufacturing fired clay bricks since

since 1850. K&D has been

products at the site for producing bricks and sell k ing

products at the site for 70 years. We did come round

several times before we bought

the property and realised there

would be trucks. I had no idea

there would be 24/7 noise there would be 24/7 noise from

the kiln. We were approached by

a number of residents who had concerns over a long period of concerns

time. They had contacted the Council, contacted the EPA, done

done quite a lot of work at

trying to get something done

about it and hadn't had any luck. Those residents had been conducting

conducting their own research. Freedom of Information documents obtained by them and

given to the ABC detailed

complaints recorded over decades. The complaints were sent to the Environment

Hobart City Council. The Department, the EPA and the

residents had been incredibly

diligent about trying to find

out what the information out what the information was,

they had done Freedom of Information requests and established the documents that

Environmental Management Plan regulated the operation were an

from 1991 and a license to

operate from 1995 and no review

happened since of the documentations had

happened since that time. The

licence to operate states:

It appear it wasn't until It appear it wasn't

November 2009 that the November 2009 that the EPA

discovered the oversight. An interdepartmental email between environmental officers November 20 environmental officers dated

The file note was forwarded

to the then director Warren Jones. He replies:

Later that day, environmental

officer Damien Jones visits the site accompanied by K&D manager

Peter Neilson. His report,

written five days later, notes:

K&D declined the ABC's request K&D declined the ABC's

for an interview. In a

statement, the company said it

has always adhered to EPA Protection Authority and the requirements. The Environment

Council have a

responsibility where there Council have a heightened

residences in such close responsibility where there is

proximity to an industrial Management Plan included activity. The Environmental

provisions for fairly regular

review so the fact that hasn't

happened for 15 or more years

was a concern. Belinda McIntosh

says she can't understand why

when the EMP wasn't reviewed in 2005

when she first complaining. If they'd looked when she first started

at it then and realised it was

out of date, the measures they

are taking now to solve their pollution problems would have

been all over and done with. In

a statement, the current EPA director, Alex Schaap said:

He says the finalisation of an

or environment protection notice,

or EPN, will significantly upgrade the site upgrade the site permit

conditions. The EPN was finally

issued on October 12th this

year. It states the grounds

upon which it is issued,

including that:

But it comes too late for some

residents. Mary, who doesn't

want to be identified, sold her

New Town house last year New Town house last year and

moved out of the suburb. It's a

toxic environment that I chose

not to keep living in because

it was affecting my health and my daughter's health. She

claims they developed breathing problems within a few weeks of

moving near the brickworks. A

doctor diagnosed her with

asthma. I have a letter from

the doctor stating it is the doctor stating it is most

likely due to living near the

brickworks but he would have to

categorically that it have more information to say

Environmental Health Service

says it was alerted to the

concerns of two residents in

February 2010 but assessed

there was no risk to public

health. I have spoken to a lot

of neighbours, of neighbours, rental neighbours move, especially

with children because of the

dust issue. And a lot of people sell their house. A lot of

people don't want to talk about

it because think they maybe

their property values will go down. The Hobart City Council says the brickworks says the brickworks is classified as a level 2 activity in a residential zone.

So its activities are monitored

and enforced by the State

Government. The EPA says a

number of plant number of plant improvements

have now been made. K&D says

$400,000 has been spent.

Equipment has been installed to reduce clay dust and saw dust emissions. Fluoride emissions

from the kiln stack are being

addressed by abate ment equipment and improved testing.

But the director But the director admits complaints have continued to be

received. This vision from

residents was filmed after the

EPN was issued on October 12th.

At the end of the day, I don't

think a classified noxious

industry is appropriate in the residential area. I have residential area. I have been looking elsewhere in Australia

and brickworks from the 1850s

have been since turned into

housing, parks and housing, parks and they've moved to a more appropriate

industrial area. The director of Tasmania's Menzies Research

Institute for the past six

years has resigned to take up years has resigned to take up a

post in NSW. Professor Simon

Foote has led the Institute

through massive changes in

size, budget and location. I

spoke to him this afternoon

about the future of medical

research and health care in

Tasmania. Simon Foote, welcome.

You're about to leave, though,

going to set up a medical

school at Macquarie University

in NSW. Are you cutting in NSW. Are you cutting your

time short here, or a magical

opportunity? Any regrets? I

have been here nearly seven

years, 6.5 years. I don't think

that's short. If I was going to

spend my entire life here, then

perhaps 6.5 years may be a bit

short. No, I've had no regrets.

I think the last 6.5 years have

been amongst the best 6.5 been amongst the best 6.5 years

of my life. I have enjoyed of my life. I have enjoyed it. It has been a real ball. You're

not just going on your own,

though. You are taking some

staff and some work from

Menzies with you. Who is going and what's going? As well as

running the Institute, I have running the Institute, I have a

research lab I work in. We work

on malaria, human genetics and

those guys will be coming with

me, many of them will be me, many of them will be coming with me to Macquarie with me to Macquarie University

and we will keep our research

lab working up there. What does your lab constitute? How many

are leaving? At the moment,

there is about five or six of us, myself included. What us, myself included. What does

that mean in terms of malarial

research and kidney disease in Indigenous communities? Will

that be no longer done at

Menzies? The malaria research

will no longer be done. We will

take that with us. I will

continue to collaborate continue to collaborate with

people at the Menzies over the

renal protect. The statisticians at Menzies are

extremely good and we will be

working closely with them to

try to find genes that cause

that in Aboriginals. You got

funding for that research, is that funding going with you and

how much? I am in the process

of trying to convince the

University of Tasmania to let

me take my funding with me. I

am sure there will be no

problems. You are leaving at a

time with stage two getting

under way, you have been there

with stage one co-location with

the medical school there, quite

a significant growth of the

Institute. Where do you see the

future of the Institute? The Institute

Institute is going to have some

of the best facilities of any

research institute in

Australia. We should, without

any shadow of doubt, be able to recruit really good people

going into the future. We

should be able to do extremely

good research as well. I think

that Tasmania will have the ability to actually compete both nationally both nationally and internationally at a research

level. We have pumped an e-Norm ous

ous amount, or raised an

enormous amount of money, to build up Menzies Research

Institute. This has benefitted

other parts of the University

and has benefitted and will

continue to benefit the population in the State population in the State of

Tasmania going into the

future. What was the size of the Institute when you started

and what is it now? Both in

terms of staff and also in

terms of revenue. When I

arrived there were about 65

people and they worked on epidemiology, population health, they were a very good

group. We have ex panded that,

close to 400 people now with close to 400 people now with a wide range of different

subjects. The budget when subjects. The budget when I

arrived was about 4 million, $5

million per annum. Last year it was

was $23 million. You are over the road from the Royal Hobart

Hospital. You have the medical

schools co-located there and

you were keen to partner more

with the Royal Hobart Hospital. That hasn't really happened.

Tell us why. What's happened

there? We've had an interesting relationship with the Royal Hobart Hospital.

There are some clinicians in

the Royal that do some very

good clinical research. Medical research is interesting. A lot

of the medical research we do

on cells and molecules but all of us want to see that

translated into the clinic to

have some benefit for patients.

The best way to do that is to

have a good relationship with

the hospital such you can do

things in the laboratory that

get transleted and can benefit patients. I have been trying to develop a relationship with develop a relationship with the

Royal Hobart Hospital. To a

certain degree it hasn't been particularly successful. We

have had large number of CEOs

have come and go over the time I

have been here. Is that what

you put it down to? How many

have there been? How many CEOs have you seen? There has been at least six I think CEOs of

the Royal Hobart Hospital since

I have been here. With each one

we have had a productive

conversation, got close to the

stage of having an agreement

and they will disappear and I

have to start again next time around. How would you see that

being rectified in the future?

Just from my perspective and

my interactions with the

hospital, there appears to be little handover and little

continuity in terms of

management. It would be good to

see a Board or some

organisation that oversees the

transition of one CEO to the next. I think that would benefit other parts of benefit other parts of the hospital as well. The hospital

is not going through a

particularly good time at the moment. There are significant

budget cuts happening budget cuts happening right

across the health sector. You

have been on the rise and have been on the rise and rise at the Menzies Institute. How

do you see public health at the

moment in Tasmania? Well, for

a start, the CEO of the hospital at the moment Jane

Holden, she is very capable but

I wouldn't exchange jobs for

her in a million years. She has

got an incredibly difficult

job. There is very little money

going into the hospital. There

is enormous restructuring that

needs to be done. They need to

actually get, as far as I can

see, efficiencies. As far as

a north/south problem. It is Tasmania is concerned, there is

very hard politically to rationalise health care across

the State. That adds into

equation. Where to from here

then? I think nationally, and internationally

internationally for that

matter, we can't actually

afford the level of service

that many people sort of

desire. Over the next decade,

we are definitely going to be faced with more and more difficult decisions about

whether to spend money on whether to spend money

someone for a particular

procedure or not. I think into the future, the answer do procedure or not. I think going

to that question will often be

not rather than yes. Sounds

like medical euthanase a. It is not necessarily euthanasia but

we will have a finite budget

and we have to spend it wisely.

We make those decisions

already. For example there were

drugs we don't have access drugs we don't have access to in Australia because they are

too expensive. Those decisions

are at one level or another

already being made. I think

we'll just see them being made

more frequently into the future. Simon Foote we are out

of time. Good luck for the future. Thanks. Tasmania's wine

industry has emerged from humble beginnings. It

humble beginnings. It started

with home grown grapes and hand

made wines nearly four decades

ago. Now there is 1400 hectares

of the State under vine and big

corporate players such as Brown

Brothers and Kreglinger have

invested here. Will the shift

change the distinct flavour of

Fiona Blackwood reports. the Tasmanian wine industry?

John Austwick has enjoyed

some of the world's best drops

but this bottle is but this bottle is special.

It's his last homemade vintage

and he is sharing it with the

man who helped plan his vineyard more than 30 years

ago, Julian Alcorsco. This is

one of the traditional cabernet

but one of the areas, one of

the few areas in Tassie that

can grow cabernet and ripen

cabernet. I think that's - this

is a good testament

that. The cabernet-friendly

part of Tasmania is the hamlet

of Cranbrook. It is where John Austwick established the Craige

Knowe vineyard in 1979. I have

six or seven clients on the

East coast. There was a time

when the neighbouring farmers

thought John Austwick was mad

for growing grapes instead of

grazing sheep. Built of a

laughing stock around the

district I must admit. "Who's

that fool planting vines?". Undeterred he built a

shed on the property and started making wine himself.

How would you describe your

style of wine making do you

think? Peasant like and hands-on. Simple as that. His

reason for doing it was pretty

simple too. He'd enjoyed some

good French red when he was

working as a dentist in London. That's Mouton

Rothchild. In my opinion, if

you have a bottle of that

you're in heaven. He wanted to taste heaven again when he taste

moved to Tasmania. We made our

first vintage, 11 bottles, which Julian Alcorsco helped me

make. My daughters trotted in a

rubbish bin and went on from

there.

Julian Alcorsco and his father

Claudo were also making their

way into the world of wine

making in Hobart's making in Hobart's northern suburbs. Totally hit and miss.

It was learning on the run. It

really was - our wine making was like most Italian families,

the #2k3wr5i7 grapes were planted in the back yard

because that's what you do when

you're European. There you're European. There was little support from the government at the Tasmania we grow apples, not government at the time. In

grapes, keep away from it.

There was a positive antagonism towards it which gragely changed to a real

enthusiasm. That change was helped along by a forward-thinking Legislative

Council. In 1976 there was Council. In 1976 there was a

bill that came to the

Lower House. The Legislative Legislative Council from the

Council actually amended Council actually amended the

bill to limit the amount of

mainland grapes that could mainland grapes that could go into

into Tasmanian wines. Been

proven in the sense that the

grapes now is reverse traffic. They buy Tasmanian grapes and

take them to the mainland.

Proves itself. Now Tasmanian grapes attract a premium price. A tonne of pinot price. A tonne of pinot noir

grapes grown in Tassie will sell for about $3,500 to $3,800

for a tonne. The average for a tonne. The average price

of grapes on the mainland is

somewhere in the order of $300

a tonne. It's helped the industry grow. There are now

230 vine yards in Tasmania. We have 160 licensed produceers,

they are the producers that

produce their own label and are

wines to consumers. Spring Vale in a position to market their

winery is one of them. It is

one of eight vineyards now in Cranbrook where John Austwick

started it all. Back then, when

my father-in-law and his wife

planted the original planted the original vineyard

here, they didn't drink It was really just here, they didn't drink wine.

diversification from cropping It was really just a

and sheep. Like a good vintage,

the business is getting better

with age. We are finally

starting to get some vine age,

our oldest vines are 25 and they're really only now starting to show their potential. Family-run vineyards

are still common in Tasmania

but, lately, there has but, lately, there has been some buy-ups by big corporations. The biggest announcement in recent times

was the acquisition by Brown Brothers of the Tamar Ridge Estate portfolio. Kreglinger

owns Pipers Brook in the Tamar

Valley and several high-profile

South Australian wine companies

have bought vineyards here.

That's just to name a That's just to name a few. Is

there a risk, though, that

Tasmania might lose some of its

charm because of this interest

from big investors? I think we

have a long way to go before

that would probably happen. In fact, many in the industry believe it can only help. That's telling every other Tasmanian producer other Tasmanian producer we're

in the right place and it's

also sending a message to the

rest of the wine world, I

guess, that they have a lot of faith in what the potential is

down here. The Tasmanian wine

industry is punching above its

weight. It is attracting weight. It is

accolades for wines and makers and will be hosting accolades for wines and wine

Climate Wine Symposium next prestigious International Cool

year. But it only accounts for

half a per cent of the total national production and only 8% of Tasmanian wine is of Tasmanian wine is exported.

While other States are While other States are grapple

ing with a glut, Tasmanian

producers are facing the opposite challenge where opposite challenge where demand is outstripping supply. They're

all in the context very, very

small. They're making 5,000 to 10,000 cases of wine which is

very, very small. We need more,

we really do need to grow to

get a critical mass to make

get a critical mass to make a real impact on the

mainland. But that's a job for the next generation. John

Austwick has sold his vineyard

to a US investor but it will

retain its flavour. We've got

local wine makers, a world class vineyard facility class vineyard facility right

next door to make all of the

wine. I think Craige Knowe, it

is important it be maintained

as a local story. That leaves

John Austwick with plenty of

time to savour his love of

wine. It's just a beautiful drink. It has a nice drink. It has a nice acidity about it, has fruit about it, about it, has fruit about it, a

lovely nose, got a nice purplish colour about it, goes

well with the food you are

complementary. treating. They are

complementary. Food, wine and company, they all go together. 4,000 visitors have gone

through the doors Launceston's revamped Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery

since it reopened two months

ago. $7 million transformation

has allowed conservators and

curators to dust off and

display more pieces from the

collection. Fiona Breen visited

as the finishing touches were

put on the last space to open. There's a celebratory atmosphere as a team of workers

put together the final

installation in the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery's multimillion-dollar Royal Park revamp. A huge

relief. Yeah. This is the final

section or the final gallery the whole redevelopment, so, section or the final gallery of

yeah it is a huge relief. It

has been a massive project

going over years. It is the

first time the art gallery has

a space set aside just for

children. It is one of a handful around Australia. It

has been difficult catering for

an age group between four to 12

because there is a variation in

heights, we have a couple of

different sized easels and different sized easels

making it interesting for them.

Its installation has been a

challenge to staff more used to putting together exhibitions

for adults. It was important

that we created a space that

was - that drew them in here

but it was more than just but it was more than just a

classroom and more than just a

space they might have at home

where they sit down and draw.

It is hopefully quite inviting,

where they will be encouraged

to pick up the pencil and draw

something. The interactive

display sets apart from the gallery's more serious exhibitions. Whereas normally an art gallery people want

visitors to be quiet and to

look and think quie quietly.

In this space, I am sure it

will be a lot noisier will be a lot noisier because we want the children to we want the children to discuss

the works with the adults that

are with them. I'm hoping it

will be popular. It is a small

space but I am hoping lots of children will be enjoying it. The 'Portraits of You, Portraits of Me' exhibition is

based on the National Art Gallery's travelling Gallery's travelling exhibition

on display upstairs. We want

adults and children to explore

art together in the space. We

have hung the work at a low

height so children can actually

see the work face-on rather

than looking up at works as they normally do in ordinary

galleries. The revamped art

gallery looks the same on the

outside, but inside it has been given a major face lift. You

walk through these buildings now and there is a natural

flow. You see wonderful vistas

from one gallery to the next. The calestrieses have been

opened up so you see wonderful

natural light it is it was intended to be. The intended to be. The false

ceilings have gone, so too have

a myriad of different rooms.

Now there is two levels of

space to show case collections

of art. The stands-out for me was the return of the two

calestries in the top floors of

the colonial galleries. It was

always intended in if 19th

century to provide light, pre

the electricity days. I the electricity days. I think it is great to return those

spaces to that natural light

reflecting on do the artwork

without compromise ing the

values of it. To mark the

re-opening, the gallery is

hosting the National gallery's

touring exhibition of

'Australian Portraits'. 54 portraits by 34 artists, including works by Tasmania's

Robert Dowling and Hu Ramsay as well

well as Tom Roberts and Arthur Boyd. When it was first

painted, she was wearing a

white dress. It is said the

sitter wasn't quite so keen on the white dress and asks that

it be changed. He changes it to

this beautiful rich, warm brown dress. It's helped attract

thousands of visitors to thousands of visitors to the

gallery since its re-opening in September. The response has

been overwhelming. We have been overwhelming. We have had

many repeat visitors. Having

the exhibition from the

National gallery of Australia,

the portrait exhibition, is a

real significant draw I think for

for people to come in and see

some of those pantd paintings.

They are some of the best portraits in the country and here they are in Tasmania. The 'Australian Portraits'

exhibition is showing at the

gallery until November 13th.

That's all for this week.

Have a great weekend.

Goodnight. Closed Captions by CSI