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ABC News 24: 10am News -

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(generated from captions) Patience is a virtue This Program is Captioned Live. This morning WikiLeaks

stops publication of classified documents amid a cash crisis.

We are throwing all our own

against the blockade. resources into this stand

Also today - hopes fading for

any more survivors of the Turkish earthquake. And the

Queen set to make a return

visit to the war memorial in Canberra. Good morning, you're watching

ABC News 24, I'm Joe O'Brien.

Taking a quick look at the

We're standing by this hour

pretty miserable in Canberra other day because it looks crowds won't be as big the for the arrival. Obviously the has been encouraged to be there take an hour or so. The public expecting the visit is going to yard with the pool of through the commemorative court walk into the war memorial Canberra so they're going to gathered. It's a live shot from crowd you can see there personnel. That's some of the personnel. That's meet Australian Defence Force expected to lay a wreath and expected to lay a Queen and Prince Phillip are Memorial in Canberra where the to go to the Australian War to go to

will be much higher. For a authorities fear the death toll 300 lives have been lost and from Turkey's earthquake almost finding many more survivors finding Rescuers are losing hope of nearly all its revenue. from starved the website of from starved the Assange says the restrictions Assange says the Department documents. Mr thousands of US State thousands of US publishing hundreds of WikiLeaks after it started companies pulled the plug on December. US-based financial been running out of money since been running out of money Assange says the website has WikiLeaks founder Julian focus on making money. WikiLeaks focus on making stopped publishing WikiLeaks has temporarily WikiLeaks has news, the whistleblower website about 20 minutes time. To other daylight time so starts in live, today but we'll bring you that

Turkey's east have had to sleep second night residents in

outside in near freezing temperatures. Middle East correspondent Anne Barker

reports. This was the area

worst hit, Ercis, a city of

75,000 people where around 80

multistorey buildings like this

one collapsed. Only a handful

of people have been pulled

alive from the rubble since yesterday, including

who managed to call for help on

his mobile phone. Another his mobile phone. Another man

is counting his blessings. He

owes his life to a last-minute

erand. He was meant to meet

friends at a cafe in town which St Now buried here under the rubble of two buildings. TRANSLATION:

TRANSLATION: The cafe collapsed

and I was supposed to be there.

My friends were waiting for me

but I had an erand to run at

the photo shop. They the photo shop. They were

was having technical problems so I

was running a bit late to meet

my friends. In fact that's when

is underneath that rubble. I'm I got a call from my friend who

sure he's dead and that sure he's dead and that was

probably his last phone call.

waiting for you." But hundreds more weren't so lucky. The

death toll has now climbed to

nearly 300 and the final body

count is likely to be much higher.

TRANSLATION: In Ercis there

were 169 dead and in

were 169 dead and in the Van

area another 96. As for wounded

there are 350 in Ercis and there are 350 in Ercis and 790

in Van but they are all being

people were trapped in the mess taken well care of. Dozens of taken well care of. Dozens

of concrete and twisted steel after the earthquake struck. Cranes and other machines lifting concrete slabs while Cranes and other machines are

residents dig underneath with

shovels or even their bare

hands. Generator-powered flood

lights are meant rescue workers

can continue all night. Many

families had the grim news of

finding their loved ones finding their loved ones in body bags laid outside Ercis mosque. body bags laid outside the

TRANSLATION: It's my grandson's

the wife. She was stuck underneath

the rubble so I figured I'd

come here and look at the

bodies to see if she's among TRANSLATION: My them.

who died were my nephew, his

wife and their child. They all

wife and their child. They all

came here for a Sunday

breakfast and then what happened happened. My his wife and their child, all 3 happened happened. My nephew,


dead, may god protect us from

this kind of grief. organisation s have set this kind of grief. Aid

organisation s have set up

temporary camps with tents and

kitchens to help the thousands of homeless. Many residents

have faced their second night

in the cold lighting fires keep in the cold lighting fires to

keep warm. Seismologists say

aftershocks in the region since there have been more than

the initial quake. One with a

magnitude of 6. Authorities are

warning people to stay away

from damaged homes for fear they could still collapse if

the aftershocks continue. Detectives are being sent to the Blue Mountains west of

Sydney this morning to

investigate the cause of a investigate the cause

bushfire that threatened dozens

bushfire that threatened dozens

yesterday afternoon in of homes. The fire broke out

Katoomba, residents left their

homes and the local high school

was closed. was closed. The Rural Fire

southerly change helped contain Service says

the fire. Police say no-one was injured and an investigation

will be opened into the cause

of the fire later today. The Australian teenager facing drug

charges in Bali will meet

prosecutors later today to

discuss his case.

prosecutors office will take discuss his case. The

over formal custody of the boy

but his lawyers say they've

agreed to let him stay at agreed to let him stay at a detention centre. The

14-year-old was moved to the centre after Indonesian officials expressed concerns

about conditions prison.

Her Majesty Queen Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth will spend

Canberra today. The Queen and

the Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Philip, are are about to visit the Australian War Memorial.

They will tour the Hall of Memory and lay a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier.

The Royal couple will then meet Australian Defence Force personnel. Melissa Clarke is at the Australian War Memorial and

joins me now. And Mel, I can tell you I just looked at the Bureau of Meteorology website, the observations say it's

the observations say it's 11.5

degrees but the apparent

temperature is about 8.2, does

it feel like that? That feels a little balmy for what I'm feeling right

feeling right now, I have to

say. Not quite the day that the

Queen experienced the

day. No, it's a very big

change. At the end of the last

week Canberra was putting on a

lovely spring day, warm, sunny days whereas now we have

days whereas now we have a more typical Canberra winter weather coming back for this week which

the Queen will

guess it gives a little more of

a somer atmosphere for a visit to the Australian War Memorial.

She is due here in about 15

minutes' time and she will be

minutes' time and she will be escorted right up to the escorted right up to the front of the war memorial

where there are a couple of

hundred people here gathered

out to see her, even though

it's pouring rain and quite

cold. So there's still a crowd

willing to come out in these

willing to come out in these sorts of conditions to see the Queen as she comes here to visit the war visit the war memorial. We're

just seeing some shots it looks

like it's from inside the war

we moirl - war memorial as well and are some members of the public who have been allowed in there

too. Is it the case that people

were being encouraged to were being encouraged to gather

outside the war memorial for the arrival of the Queen? That's right. So for the

public there's a lot of schoolchildren here

schoolchildren here as well

that have gatheredoutside. that have gatheredoutside. They

will see the Queen be driven up

to the front and then enter the

war memorial. Inside the war

memorial we have some officials from the Australian War

Memorial and also people connected with the Defence and military community here military community here in Canberra and we

the Queen escorted by former

Major General Peter Cosgrove,

Major General Peter Cosgrove,

the former head of the Army and

Senator David Feeney who is parliamentary secretary for Defence. There are a number of

officials with the Defence

community who as well will community who as well will be taking part in showing taking part in showing her around the war memorial around the war memorial and talking her through some of the

elements of the war memorial

such as the reflection pond, the tomb of the unknown soldier

where she will lay a wreath and

also through some of the more recent panels

recent panels that commemorate the Afghanistan which will be an area the Queen has area the Queen has nominated she particularly wants to visit

while she is here. We're while she is here. We're just

seeing some shots from inside

the war memorial as well. the war memorial as well. This

is a live feed we're getting

from Canberra of the roll of

honour there with all the posies

posies people put in the wall. It's always a moving

experience, visiting the war

memorial there. And this is the

last opportunity, isn't it, for Canberra residents

Canberra residents to see the

Queen? Like as she enters Queen? Like as she enters and

exits the war memorial then

basically that's it? This is her last public duty in

Canberra so this will be the

last opportunity and perhaps

that's why we have so many

braving the elements for this

chance because this is her only public engagement today, visiting the war memorial and

whilst she's here having a

meeting with meeting with the Chief of the

Defence Force as well

Defence Force as well as the

Service Chief. That's the Service Chief. That's the head

of the Navy, Army and Air

Force. After this she will tomorrow head to Melbourne

where she has a packed schedule

that involves opening the new Royal Children's of Victoria's Australian wing

at Federation Square and taking

a ride on a tram. So there's

plenty of opportunity for

people in Melbourne to see plenty people in Melbourne to see Queen tomorrow and then she

will head straight on to Perth for the Commonwealth Heads of

for the Commonwealth Heads of

Government meeting but she has

managed to get around Canberra

a fair bit in the last week and this will be her last this will be her last public duty in the

capital. And I notice you were chatting to someone from

war memorial earlier war memorial earlier this

morning and they were pointing

out with that Afghanistan roll

of honour not all

people who have died in that

conflict are actually on that roll honour board

roll honour board yet? That's right. It takes time to update and of course

there were a number of deaths

that means that panel needs to

be updated and that is going to

take place. Rebecca Brit who take place. Rebecca Brit who is

the head of Mel tear skald

heraldry here at the Australian

War Memorial is saying this is

an area the Queen herself has expressed a particular interest in and that as

in and that as a head of State

and as the Queen of Australia and having

the Defence Force it is

significant that she is taking

an active interest and showing her sympathy and extending that

empathy to the families and friends and to the Defence

Force more generally for those

who have died in conflict in

Afghanistan. And Rebecca Brit was also telling us that the

Queen could actually herself did

did put on a uniform when did put on a uniform when it came to earlier conflicts. I hadn't

hadn't heard that before. Yes,

well, this is what she was

telling us this morning and of course being seen more conflicts than

certainly both you and I and

most of the people here in

Canberra today. And particularly in Europe particularly in Europe where

this war memorial this war memorial commemorates World War

World War I and World War II,

it's much closer to home there.

For the Queen this is an

opportunity to express her

sympathy not just when it comes

to Afghanistan, but to reflect

more broadly and Rebecca Brit

was saying this is an

opportunity for her to continue that had in supporting the Defence Forces. It's obvious that she

sees this as a very important

place to visit when she comes to Australia because she has done it

done it several times. One other thing I did look other thing I did look at on the Bureau of Meteorology

website was the radar, the 500

k radar around Canberra and the

good news is that it the showers have passed the showers have passed for now. There's nothing but clear

sky coming your way for the

next hour or two at least. So

it might warm up a little faith at the good Bureau of

faith at the good Bureau of Meteorology but the Meteorology but the field evidence would evidence would dispute that at

the moment, Joe. OK, we'll see

how you go. Thanks very much for that, Melissa Clarke. It's not

not the first time the Queen

has paid a visit to the war memorial as we were just

discussing. This classic

government news reel shows

Queen Elizabeth touring the

building back in 1954. Now

you've got to remember this was

just a year after

just a year after her coronation.

More than a million people have come to see the have come to see the war

memorial. The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh inspected it during their tour of Australia

in 1954.

Returned servicemen and women formed a guard

formed a guard of honour. formed a guard of honour. They

paused to lay a wreath on the white marble stone of

remembrance in the assembly.

The domed Hall of Memory The domed Hall of Memory is

full of splendour. The walls and the ceiling with mosaic showing men and

women of the forces in the uniforms of the last uniforms of the last war. They gave their

gave their lives for that

public gift they received a

praise which never ages and tomb most glorious. Not so

much the tomb in which they lie

but that in which their fame

survives to be remembered

forever when occasion comes for

word or deed. So some classic So some classic old government news reel there from

way back in 1954 and joining me

today to talk us through the Queen's visit is Peter Burness

who's a his torian with the

Australian War Memorial and

he's been there for some time

but I don't think he was there

in 1954. Good morning. So when

did you actually join the

memorial? 1973. But I'm old enough to remember the Queen's that created around

Australia. Were you in Canberra

in '54? No, no, I lived only

100 kilometres away but 100 kilometres away but I still

remember the great interest and

enthusiasm that existed at that

time. Has there been much

interest and enthusiasm at the

memorial in the run up to today's event? Is there a bit

of a buzz there among the staff? Absolutelyings yes, yes, there's been people running around looking forward around looking forward to this

with great anticipation. Some of the volunteers have got special viewpoints so

they will get to see the Queen. So a lot of excitement. Now I understand there's this

function at the end function at the end of the

memorial visit by the Queen

today and it mentions today and it mentions on the

official list that there are members members of the Australian Defence Force and the war

memorial staff who will be at

that reception. You didn't get a guernsey? No No, I didn't . I was surprised because you're the you're the longest-serving

employee and doesn't get a guernsey for the Queen's

visit? I've got a busy visit? I've got a busy day. And so Peter, just explain your role there at the war

memorial? Well, I joined the

war memorial as a curator war memorial as a curator and for a very long time I for a very long time I was involved in managing the involved in managing the war memorial's historical

collections of artefacts. More

recently I'm a senior historian there now but I still have

quite a large involvement with exhibitions and writing text and working with teams that

develop the develop the new exhibitions

there. And in that government vision we saw there

we saw the visitors' book that the Queen signed back in 1954 and I

and I understand that the Queen

is going to visit a spot in the

memorial today which carries

information about her previous

visits. Is that an exhibit that

is set up there permanently or

has that just been for her to inspect today? No,

that's just for today but yeah, she

she will go to our she will go to our orientation gallery.

have time, you need an entire day to go through the entire

war memorial but she will go to

the orientation gallery and in

there see some aspect of the war memorial and they've

included this special

exhibition about her previous

visits. Can you just take us - well for people who are just tuning in, I'll remind you that's a live shot there from for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth to

to arrive at the Australian War Memorial for a visit that's

expected to take about an hour and the most of

and the most significant part

of that visit is going to

the moment when she lays a wreath at the tomb of

wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. unknown soldier. The 'Last Post'

Post' will be played and there

will be a minute's silence. So

we'll bring you that live as

that happens over the next hour

and that's people and that's people you can see there gathered outside the war memorial in Canberra. There's

Peter Cosgrove who will be memorial there and we're chatting to Peter Burness who's

the longest-serving employee at

the war memorial. You just mentioned mentioned there's a special

exhibit being set up today for

the Queen to take a look at

which takes a look back at her

previous visits. Can you tell

us specifically what is in that exhibit? Will there be that

book that we just saw in that classic old government

vision? I didn't see the

exhibition myself because I had

to leave to come away but to leave to come away but yes, the book and some the book and some of the photographs of visits. We have our own PR

staff so every time she comes

to the war memorial we keep a

record and take photograph record and take photograph s and I know there's an

autographed portrait of her as

well. So, you know, we've got

quite a few remind ers of the times she's been here before. I

don't know if we can bring

those up now but we do have

some photos of her previous

visits as well. We've visits as well. We've got two

of those from back in 1954 and

Peter, you mentioned - there's a shot there, that's the Queen

back in 1954. Her Majesty, the

Queen, accompanied by Dr C Charles Charles Bean, Charles Bean, chairman of the board and management of the Australian War Memorial. Australian War Memorial. That's

a similar shot - a shot from

the same visit back in 1954.

And then we have a shot, this

is from 1970s when the Queen is from 1970s when the Queen visited and you can see the

change in fashion there over

the years as well. This is a

visit - and there's the later

one where she was with the then

Prime Minister John Howard. But Peter

Peter Burness, we just saw that

shot back fwh in 1977. So

that's when you were actually at the war memorial. Take us

back through what you remember

of that visit? Well, I do

remember it because my then

young son came up to see the Queen, like so many Queen, like so many other

Canberrans did, and he and I

appeared in the background of a

photograph. Were you poking

your head out from around the corner hand? Yes. Not quite but it

amuses me to think how grown up

my son is it. The Queen just seems to go on forever. She's remarkable. She does and it looks like we've got that

motorcade just travelling motorcade just travelling up there towards the Australian

War Memorial on a pretty wet and wintery day in and wintery day in Canberra

compared to the other day when

she was - took the barge she was - took the barge across Lake Burley Griffin to Lake Burley Griffin to the Floriade festival but Floriade festival but there's still a good turned out outside the war

memorial for the arrival of the

Queen there. That photo you

appeared you were in the background of, was that a background of, was that a photo of the Queen at that stage? No,

we were just in the far background as she was speaking to some young to some young children in the

crowd, yes. It was just a bit

of a family joke really. OK, we

might cross to Melissa Clarke

now our sodden reporter down

outside the war memorial.

There's a bit of a buzz in the crowd there now Melissa? That's right and we've had school kids do some practice cheering a little bit earlier

and they're starting to see the

police vehicles come by. The

convoy is coming up Anzac Parade and is about to turn

into the war memorial and

there's certainly some very

excited schoolchildren who excited schoolchildren who have clearly been waiting for this

opportunity for the Queen's car

to come. So this certainly is a

moment where moment where they've managed

the get a fairly large crowd of

Canberrans out to see this moment despite the rain. In the

coverage of the visit the other

day when the Queen went to

Floriade was there a bit of pride in the Canberra coverage

in terms of how many people

actually turned out for that

day? Certainly because there were probably close to 1,000 people at various points around

the shores last week and today we've got several hundred here.

Lots of school groups here, both primary school

secondary school secondary school students but you can probably hear the

screams of as they're cheering

as the Queen's convoy comes

into to the war memorial. But

look, not everyone in has been excited. There's been

a few who are not too fussed or aren't too pleased with the

disruption but on the whole

it's been a very positive

reception for the Queen we're certainly seeing that

today as well. You might be

drowned out in the screams

soon, Melissa but I know in

Brisbane yesterday we saw so

many little kids handing -

little children handing little children handing the

Queen posies or bunches flou

of flowers. Does it look like

there's many kids there now with bunches

hand them over? Yes, there's

been numerous bouquets being

carried around. There was one group of primary group of primary schoolchildren

who had their own construction paper crowns that they were

wearing on their heads. I hope

they're still holding up in the

wet but they've clearly had

some good school activities surrounding the royal visit

because there's been plenty of crowns, plenty of

hand over. Security will be

tight but the students were

very keen to try to find the

spot closest to the barricade

where they would get the best excited about the occasion. OK, I'll just mention we can see

the Queen there getting out of the vehicle and about to walk up the steps to the Australian War Memorial. I'll just run through the people the official party there. Obviously you can see Peter Obviously you can see Peter Cosgrove, there's Senator

Feeney, Ms Liberty Sangar, Ms

Lyn Cosgrove, Mrs Heather cower

and Steve Gower. The Queen has arrived on time as usual and

now she's wandered up the

stairs there, turning back to wave to the crowd. It doesn't like look like she's going to


get an opportunity today to

mingle with the crowd. There's some of the people who some of the people who are probably Australian War Memorial staff who prime position there out the

front to get a picture of the

Queen as she enters the commemorative area. We might go

to Peter Burness now. Can you

just describe to us this area

that she's coming into here

that she will be able to see

the pool of reflection in front

of her there? Yes, yes, she's coming from the front coming from the front entrance

and now she's in the main

commemorative area. There's the the bawl - walls are the names

of 102,000 Australians on our

roll of honour. You can see the roll of honour behind the

people with the people with the poppies attached. Do you recognise

those people as staff? I do,

some of them are staff and some

of the volunteers as well who

do a great job at the war

memorial have got the

opportunity to join that group

too. OK, and so just explain too. OK, and so just explain to

us the significance us the significance of this particular part of the memorial. This

people are able to sit and

reflect. It's supposed to be a calming kind

calming kind of area? Yes, the

pool of reflection and in the pool of reflection is the

eternal flame and then they

make their way up towards the

Hall of Memory which is the

main focus of the commemorative area. It was interesting in

that old - we might that old - we might just

actually take a listen here and

see if we can hear anything. We

probably won't be able to.

While the official party gets

ready to enter the Hall of Memory there, it looks like

that's the spot, Peter Burness,

where the white marble stone

was in that old government

vision where the Queen laid the wreath in the 1954 wreath in the 1954 visit because it's an interesting

point, isn't it, that the two - there was no tomb of the unknown soldier at the unknown soldier at the war memorial until 1993. Well that's

that's right, yes, yes, and when the Queen visited in 1954,

of course, the Hall of Memory wasn't even completed despite

the fact the first war

finished so long ago. So it was

a very long, slow process but of course now it's completed

and as you say in 19 t 3 they

added to it by the adding the

tomb of the unknown Australian soldier. And do you know if

that area that they just walked

over is where that white marble stone was wreath previously in 1954? The

stone was at the other end of

the Pool of Reflection just inside the entrance past the point that she walked

past. That stone is now outside the building because the war

memorial thaz - has memorial thaz - has developed extensive grounds. In the old days so much was just days so much was just focused

inside the building but it

inside the building but it now extends well outside extends well outside with memorials, commemorative stones

and so forth. It's a solemn

moment so we might just take a

('Last Post' plays)