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committee investigates adoption

horrors from a different era.

The mother were being tieded to

beds or druggeded or beds or druggeded or had pillow or sheet held in front of their

face so they couldn't see their

baby. A new player trying to

take a bite out of apple. What's really interesting about it is the

it is the price. Manly and the

New Zealand Warriors line up

for Sunday's NRL Grand Final.

Hopefully no Billy Idol moment

for us in the prematch xrirt a

smooth day. And blind, autistic and with perfect

recall. A man called the Human iPod.

Hello and welcome to ABC News

across Australia. I'm Tracy

Kirkland. On the local share market, investors are selling

mininging and retail stocks

after two days of gains. The All Ordinaries is down to

down and the dollar is at 97.55 2,044, the Nikkei and Dow also

US cents.

US cents. More finance later. A parliamentary inquiry into forced adoptions has heard tearful accounts

being tied and sedated before

their babies were taken from

them. The inquiry is looking them. The inquiry is

into the treatment of unmarried

mother from 40 years ago and is

stirring debate over whether a

formal apology is needed. Here's political reporter Andrew

Andrew Greene. Judy M has never before shareded her

tragic story publicly. Now,

overcome by emotion, she has.

My daughter was born in Queen

Victoria maternity hospital in

Melbourne in November 1964 and

I first met her in 1990.

I first met her in 1990. It OK. Judy's harrowing experience

is one of many put to the Senate in forced adoption. Most people

didn't know about what was

happening to mothers. They

didn't know mothers were being

tied to beds or drugged or had

pillows or sheets held in front

of their face so they couldn't

see their baby at the birth.

That wads kept from the

public. And there burr warnings past practice could

warnings past practice could be

repeated today. There is a big

fuings for adoption in this

country and if you withhold benefits from these women,

these people are going to come and steal their

Australia used the hearing to issue its own formal apology.

To those across Australia who carry broken carry broken hearts as a result

organisations played in of the role that some Catholic

organisations played in this widespread common public policy

practice of years passed, I say

sorry. The committee's heard

there's a case for a

Commonwealth apology to women

and their children affected by

forced removal but some believe the follow thepologies given to the the time's not yet right to

Stolen Generations and

forgotten Australians. We

think there is a role

Governments, plural, to think there is a role for

acknowledge past practices and

the role that they played. You

can't apologise for these

crimes that remain hidden. Australian Institute of Family crimes that remain hidden. The

women Studies is examining how many

women and children were the

victims of forced adoptions. As

for are Judy McPherson... wanted to tell it so I'm

grateful for the

attention opportunity. ..a little

attention to painful past is good enough for good enough for now. The Prime

Minister has reached a

milestone, celebrating her 50th

birthday. Julia Gillard visited

a school in her Melbourne electorate to mark the occasion

and found plenty of well

wishers there to share the day.

Happy birthday to you.

birthday to you, dear Prime

Minister. Happy birthday to

you. Hip, hip, hurray. I

think we're going to all have

to do these birthday cantles

together. One, two,

Prime Minister's big gift is a

puppy for The Lodge but she

hasn't yet taken delivery. The

buffeted Melbourne yesterday impact of wild storms

are still being felt with

delays at the city's main

airport. Melbourne recorded one

of its wettest September days

in almost a century with 48mm

of rain falling in the city.

The electrical storms caused of rain falling in the city.

disruption to traffic and

public transport and left tens of thousands power. Hundreds of stranded

passengers spent the night at

Tullamarine airport when dozens

of flights were cancelledal.

We've been kicked out and we've

got to sleep

because there's been so many

planes put off. There's no

motels or hotels available.

There's not much you can do about it. We can't go

about it. We can't go home.

We're stuck so we're going to

wait until 6:30 in the morning

for the bus. The back log is

being cleared but some flights

might not get away until late police community has paid afternoon. The Gold Coast

tribute to slain detective

Damien Leading as part of

National Police Rememberance

Day. About 100 people gathered

for the candlelight vigil to

remember senior constable Leeding who was freightally

shot in May. Also remembered was Sergeant Dan Stiller,

killed in an accident whiled

leading a convoy of vehicles

last year. Those two officers

tragically put doing what they love to do, being police officers protecting their community. Both officers had

the wives who are also serving in

the police force. Wreaths were laid for the men and the crowd

served a minute's silence. They

were the only two officers in Australia, New Zealand, the

Pacific and Papua New Guinea

who lost their lives in the

line of duty last year. It's

not a job for the faint-hearted

but engineys have been abseiling down the world'

tallestobe live inspecting the

Washington monument. They're checking

for damage from last month's

earthquake and attracting a

earthquake and attracting a

crowd of tourists while they

work. North America correspondent Lisa Millar reports. More than 50 storeys

up, it was just another work

day for the engineers. On the

ground though, the anticipation

of their daredevil descent was

growing. I told my husband

last night I am bringing

binoculars to work and going

down in lunchtime because I'll

never see this again in my life time.

time. It's amazing.

of four Wilma tickulously check

every stone for signs of damage. With cameras and

computer, 2-way radios computer, 2-way radios and

Masonry tools, therapy not

travelling light. They're looking forrer shards or cracks

that could potentially expand

in a year, 5 years from now, 10 years

years from now that could break

off and pose any danger to

off and pose any danger to

visitors. This is what forced the closure of Washington's

famous tourist attraction. The

5.8 magnitude earthquake in

August that shook the nation's capital and sent visitors

scampering down the stairwell

of the monument. At least one large crack has already been spotted. Any more discoveries

are guaranteed to be big news,

raising doubts about when or if the monument will

the monument will reopen. It's

not a job for just anyone.

Officials actually had to go to a private company to find

people with the right mix of skills

engineers and climbers. The

monument might be closed in definitely but that not

stopping the tourists, even those

those caught unaware by the sky-high sky-high drama. Not sky-high drama. Not really,

no. It's so big and there's so

much else here to see and off

much else here to see and off

to the White House next.

Barring badder weather, the inspection should be finished in a week. The South American nation nation of Bolivia is in turmoil

over a crackdown on dissent.

Tensions are high in the

capital with unionists and students the latest to voice their displeasure on

their displeasure on city streets. There have

streets. There have been daily protests since the weekend when

security forces wielding batons

and tear gas moved in to break

up a camp of Indigenous protesters outside a small

town. They've been marching

towards La Pahz to demand a through a rainforest reserve be

moved. The defence and Interior

Ministers have quit amid the

ensuing outcry and work on the road has

road has been halted pending a

referendum. Southern Libya has

become the focus in the hunt

for Colonel Gaddafi. The revolutionary fighters are

pushing towards the borders

with Algeria and Niger. One

unconfirmed report suggests

Gaddafi is in the western town

of protection of tribesmen.

Joining the hunt from Ubari,

the BBC's Damian

the BBC's Damian Grammaticas. Deep in the Sahara, Libya's revolutionaries are revolutionaries are pushing on, hunting for Colonel Gaddafi and

his henchmen. Chasing rumours

far into the desert. Among them, that Gaddafi is near this place, Ubari, roaming the

Sahara with his fighters.

People here say Gaddafi's

number two is intelligence chief was chief was in

Like Gaddafi, he is wanted by the International Criminal

Court for crimes against

humanity. From here, there's

nothing but sand for 300 or

400km up to the borders with

Algeria and Niger. It's said

that Colonel Gaddafi could be

out there somewhere protected

by a band oaf mercenaries but

no-one really knows. He simply

vanished into the desert. The

road down there is the one

road down there is the one Gaddafi's family fled along.

This man has been captured and

is under house arrest. He's

known Gaddafi for 50 years and says the former dictator is

probably in the desert where he

will fight to the end. He said

he would choose death he would choose death or

victory. Victory is very

difficult. Death is more

probable. Some of the soldiers who fought for Gaddafi's army

in Ubari have now switched

sides. This man says his

commanders fled as the

revolution aries revolution aries advanced but

Gaddafi can't survive long in

the desert without help. Anyone

suspected of being a mercenary for Gaddafi

for Gaddafi is being seized.

These men are all from Nigeria.

They insist they're just

migrants looking for work. I

can't work with Gaddafi, man.

For now, the fighters say concerned this place could be

recaptured from them, then

they'll move on, seeking out

the mirage that is there former

the mirage that is there former

dictator. It's a big weekend

for football with the

countdowns to the NRL and the

AFL Grand Finals under way.

This morning, Manly and

Warriors players faced off over

the traditional NRL breakfast

in Sydney. It's the last

official engagement for the two

dieder and I spoke to reporter

Paul Kennedy outside the event.

It's been a terrific atmosphere

at the at the breakfast. Both of those teams appeared to be really relaxed this morning and I

guess that comes from what

they've experienced in the last

few weeks. Manly is very

quietly confident. They're at

the top of their game, the Sea

Eagles, and they really are

primed to win yet another

premiership which would be

their second in 4 years. The Warriors on the other Warriors on the other hand, they seem Storm has put them in a

position where they don't have

much to lose at much to lose at all. They're

being very humble about their

circumstances at the moment.

Ivan Cleary, the coach, says if

they don't play as well , if

not better than last week, they

will have no chance. But they

really have do have a good,

strong chance in this. Manly

will be favourites but the

Warriors comfortable in the

underdog status. NRL chief executive David Gallop was at

the breakfast. He seems the breakfast. He seems upbeat

about the so people have got behind it.

The Kiwis always turn out if

their team gets into our finals

and for us to have a team from

each country I think is a bit

of a bonus. A lot to look

forward to in terms of the

players on the field on Sunday.

Some really interesting

match-ups. Young guys versus

some old hard heads. The last

time the Warriors played the

Grand Final, Billy Idol was the Grand Final, Billy Idol was the pregame entertainment and he couldn't

couldn't play because the was a

problem with the audio. Has there there been any omens this time? No, David Gallop said he's hoping there will be no

Billy Idol moments and there

hasn't been so far and really it has been quite a smooth buildup. There's been no

controversialy, there were a

cup of incidents in Manly's

previous final that were referred to the reviewers but there was no incidents there was no incidents there,

no suspensions, Manly gets back

Glen Stuart from the incident

several weeks ago against the Melbourne team. There have been

no injury concerns, no omens for anything that might go wrong. It's been a smooth

buildup . It's been said many

times anyone but Manly, do you

think some Australians will be keen keen to see the Warriors take

home the cup? I think that's

safe to say and I think Manly

is comfortable with that. is comfortable with that. I

spoke to the chief operating

officer earlier and he said

Manly is not worried about who

is not barracking for them. The Sea Eagles are happy thask

grort a strong support and I

think Manly are hoping to win over

with a clinical and an inspired

performance on the weekend. So

who's going to win on Sunday?

What's your tip? My tip is Manly have been the best team.

They've been building towards They've been building towards this. I think the Sea Eagles

will be too strong in the end.

I think it's going to be close

game though and I think that's

what most viewerser are hoping

for. Paul Kennedy, thank you. What's claimed to be the

first real challenger to the iPad has gone on show with

Amazon looking to take a bite

out of Apple's growing market

share. The online retail giant share. The online retail giant

has unveiled a colour tablet computer computer called the Kindle Fire and a significantly cheaper price. We call it the

iPad. January 2010 and Steve

Jobs launches the iPad with a

promise of a new way of

computing and soon Apple's lead

was being followed.

tablets there's the Samsung Galaxy this

Galaxy this new one from Sony,

the Motorola Zoom and Black

berry play book but could it be Amazon's Kindle Amazon's Kindle Fire, unveiled today, which makes the first

serious challenge to the iPad?

Amazon already dominates the

world of electronic books with its kindle e-reader.. It's

called Kindle Fire. Now the colour tetch screen Kindle Fire

aims to conqueror new markets. aims to conqueror new markets. The tablet computer seems to

almost every the iPad does but

for around half the price.

We've been hard at work on the

content side of the business

and hardware and software making it possible to sell a

device at $199 and build a

great business. The new tablet

which may lose money for Amazon

at first launches in America in

November with no word yet on

when it comes to Britain. Right when it comes to Britain. Right

now, three out of every four

tablets sold are iPads with

Appleal also selling films and books, it's a hugely profitable business but Amazon

can do that too. What Amazon

has, like Appleal has, is all its customers' credit card and

billing details so when

customers buy an Amazon tablet,

they're kind of locked in and

it gives Amazon that opportunity to sell them not just

just the tablet but lots more

products such as books, music and video. All sorts of

industries from Britishing to

games to television are better

that tablets are the They'll be hoping Amazon will

provide a real alternative to

Apple. Sport shoe makerer

Reebok hasn't been able to

away from a $25 million lawsuit

fueloing allegations of false advertising. Reebok sold advertising. Reebok sold its

Easy Tone joggers as an easy

solution to a better body.

Proven to tone your hamstrings,

calves and butt up to 28%

more. But the US consumer

watchdog says Reebok's claims

didn't stack up. claims didn't withstand

scrutiny. The consumers

expected to get a work-out, not

to get worked over. The

runners brute in around $340 million in sales last million in sales last year but revenue has since dropped after

retailers were forced to retailers were forced to slash

prices on slowing demand. Pay

more tax, that's the latest suggestion being made to

Europe's big banks amid new

efforts to dig the region outs

of its financial crisis but

there's been a mixed response

from European Governments and

bank shares saw night. Europe correspondent Philip Williams reports. Line-up for

Line-up for the latest

harbinger of doom in Europe. In his annual state of the union address, the European Commission President warned the

EU faced the biggest challenge

in 50 years. His remedy, an

even closer union. We need a

truly community approach. We

need to really integrate the

area. We need to complete area. We need to complete the monetary union with the real

economic union. One plan for a Europe-wide financial

transaction tax on banks might

raise 50 billion Euro each raise 50 billion Euro each year

but it's also raised the

hackles of British banks who say they'd end up paying for

the mistakes of most others.

Most financial transactions of

the EU take place in the city of London. In other of London. In other words we

are going to be stuck with a

bill in order to prop up a currency we declineded to join.

We should say it's not our

problem, we kept the

bound. Caught in the centre of the storm, German chancellor

Craig McMurtrie. She is facing

a vote. There is much more at

stake as just a vote in parliament. It about parliament. It about strong signals to the financial

markets, a signal to our

European neighbours and friend Germany is committed to the

right now bailing out gleeks is

not exactly a vote-winner. not exactly a vote-winner. She doesn't speak for the normal

people because 80% of the

people would say, people would say, "No, we wouldn't save Greece with our

money qua. It's not right that

she gives more money to Greece because a lot because a lot of German people

need a lot of money. British

voters too are likely to be

asked for more money to help

bail out countries like Greece. As the Foreign Secretary

William Hague has put it, it's like a burning building with no

exits. Here, it's looking more

healthy with an increase in the

number of jobs up for grabs.

According to the According to the ABS job

vacancies were up 3.2% in August. It's welcome August. It's welcome news for

job seekers after July saw a

fall in advertised positions.

Let's go to some other stories

making news in business. The

competition watchdog has given

the green light for an alliance between Qantas and American airlines. The ACCC says it might result to the United States and will

provide both carriers with an

incentive to offer new fare products. Real products. Real estate agents products. Real estate agents in Sydney's exclusive Darling

Point are on the cusp of

selling Australia's most

expensive house. At a cool $50 million, agents are expecting

only two bidders to emerge. It

seems outback Queensland is

back on the map according to the Queensland Tourism

Association, it's been a record-breaking September

school holidays for the region. It follows a horror run earlier this year with tourist numbers down by as much as down by as much as 20%

following a series of natural

deist zaers. Let's take a check of the markets. Here's Martin

Lakos. Martin, the markets under pressure again today.

What's dragging stocks lower?

It's still markets viewing that European

European leaders are divided on

how to proceed on the debt

issues in there. There's no new

news there and clearly markets

are going to waiting to see how the the German vote proceeds. are expecting that vote to

pass, albeit on a slim margin. In the United States we had

better data with capital goods orders up

orders up 1%, best since May of this year, but despite that

despite that the Dow was unable

to hold its small positive

gains and closed down 170-odd

points. Our market's down about

60 points, banks are weaker, the materials sector is

probably the underperformer, down

down 2.5%, energy down 1.5% and

utilities and telcos down less

than performance today so far. How

is the weakness in commodity

prices affecting miners? We've

seen commodity prices have come

off in the form of gold, oil

and copper but interestingly

the bulk commodities, the spot

prices are holding up well.

Most of the contracts at Most of the contracts at BHP,

Rio and other major iron ore

and coal producers put in place

are on long-term contracts.

There's been over the last

three to five months a destocking worldwide, we're moving into a

seasonal period where China

starts to increase stocks of

steel, its inventraries. We

are-R expecting to see iron ore

and coking prices holding up reasonably

reasonably well. How are the

major banks faring? News major banks faring? News out

is that NAB, it's a subsidiary

Clydesdale bank had its Clydesdale bank had its rating

cut by Moody's from A1 to A2 on

the back of concerns of the

weaker property market in the

UK and recession effectively, but also a question mark on how

long NAB is going to retain its

ownership of Clydesdale. That stock,

stock, NAB, is down 2.5%,

that's the worst performer today in the bank sector. The rest of

rest of the banks are down but

nowhere near that extent.

Thanks, Martin. Martin Lakos there

there from Macquarie private

wealth. To Wall Street and

stocks retreated on signs of

disunity among policy makers working

working to resolve Europe's

sovereign debt crisis.

Paleontologists from Canada and the United States have

arrived in WA's north to examine

examine dinosaur footprints

near the site of the proposed

Kimberley gas hub. The group

will examine whether the LNG

precinct at James Price Point

can be built without damaging can be built without damaging

the prehistoric prints. Just

ahead of his South Africa's archbishop Desmond Tutu has been as

outspoken as ever, calling his country's leadership spineless

for refusing to issue a visa

Tibet's spiritual leader. The

archbishop has invited the

Dalai Lama to join his birthday

celebrations next week. A special Australian cake has

already been presented to mark

the milestone. Africa the milestone. Africa correspondent Ginny Stein

reports. His 80th birthday may

still be a week away but the celebrations have

begun. Have a tiny piece of

Australia. As the patron of

Australia's African scholarship

program, this was a chance for past and future students to meet one of South Africa's great education champions. Put Tutu Tutu back on Australia. Australia's Africa scholarship program is

expanding. More than 300 South

African students will study for higher degrees in

next year. Bobby Jacobs is

heading to Sydney university.

The opportunity to just go back

to be a student and to fully

just concentrate on what I'm

learning is absolutely

amazing. To have amazing. To have him endorse, support, be the patron, if support, be the patron, if you

like, of the Australian awards

program, I think signify s a

big tick for the effectiveness

of the program in Africa. The

archbishop's was Cape Town

birthday plans are well in

train but there is one issue

that remains outstanding, the

South African Government is yet to say whether

visa to the Dalai Lama to

attend. You think the person attend. You think the person

who has been invited is a

terrorist. This is a Nobel

peace laureate. The birthday invitations went out months

ago. South Africa has

acknowledged it's received a

visa request but won't give an

answer. Archbishop Tutu may

officially have retired but

commitments to the pursuit of justice

justice remains undiminished.

He may be blind and autistic

but Derek Paravacini has a gift to

to be envied. The 32-year-old

Briton is one of the world's

most extraordinary pianists. He

has perfect pitch and can play

a song by ear after just one

listening. I'm going to play

you Crazy in Love by Beyonce.

you Crazy in Love by Beyonce. Just a few seconds later...

(Plays song perfectly)

Derek's continually reinventing

the erlto. He's not an iPod at all. He's a composer. You're

an iPod with a creativity chip,

Derek. In London, the musical prodigy, a nephew of Camilla

Parker Bowles, has just

performed a concerto performed a concerto written

especially for him. Back to our especially for him. Back to our dinosaur story, paleontologists in Canada have

arrived in WA to explore Dane

sear footprints near the

Kimberley gas hub. The group

will examine whether the LNG precinct can be built without damaging the prints. They

roamed the Kimberley 130 million years

million years ago, fossilised

dinosaur footprints that

stretch 100km along the Dampier Peninsula coastline. Right

here we can see the footprints

of a mid sized Brachisaurus. Experts agree the

prints are among the oldest and best preserved in Australia.

What's in dispute is whether

they can co-exist with the 25 square kilometre industrial precinct the Western Australian

Government and Woodside want to

build nearby. I'm concerned

about the about the dinosaur footprints because our record in managing heritage of our ancient

Australian heritage has been

appalling to date. A Government commissioned review found the

prints were not of museum grade

quality but satisfied with the typing and

last month ordered the

Government take another look. A

Canadian and a US expert

started work this week.. It's

great for me to come down and see. I've heard see. I've heard of the Broome

sand storm tracks at the start

of my career. These tracks from Australia are known around the

world. In addition to picking

up two of the world's experts in

in this field, we've got peer reviewers, independent peer reviewers, also international

expert in the field. They will findings. What it means for

the LNG splant not clear. The

dinosaur prints were recently National Heritage Listed but still could be still could be removed to still could be removed to a

museum or shielded with plastic to allow the project to proceed. The paleontologists

have been given two weeks on

the ground but are concerned that may not be enough time.

The results of their studies

are due to be submitted to the

EPA by the end of October. To

the weather now and the

satellite shows bright cloud over southeast Australia with a cloud in the wake of a front

surging through the bight and

mostly clear skies elsewhere. A low pressure trough should

produce scattered showers SA, Victoria, Tasmania and NSW.

They should be heaviest over Victoria and SA. Snow on the

Alps, a trough should bring

isolated showers to the west.

That's the news for now. I'm

Tracy Kirkland. Have a great

ALL: North West Choral Finals! When are we going? Two weeks' time! What we gonna do there! Kick ass!

Big-style! And our message to the opposition? Be afraid! Be ve-e-e-e-e-ry afraid! THEY CHEER AND APPLAUD OK, guys. That'll give them something to think about!

Y'know what, guys? I'm not gonna give it the big rousing speech. We don't need it. We're already there. We have two weeks before the finals. Two weeks to hone our performance.