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equality in Australia's defence Cleared for conflict, full

forces. Last night we resolved to remove the final restrictions on

women to serve in front line combat roles. Scary combat roles. Scary scenes

inside the Washington monument during last month's quake. On

the inside of the building we

had a lot more stone that came

down. Lost for 70 years and 3

miles down, a treasure trove of

silver worth $200 million. And

seeing red, lots of it, business takes aim at Government's red tape. Hello

and welcome to ABC News across Australia, I'm Ros Childs. On

the local share market stocks

are rallying following strong

leads from overseas markets:

First to Canberra where women

have been in the Australian Defence Force

all front line combat roles

within 5 years. Females are

currently excluded from currently excluded from many

combat jobs because the rules bar

bar them. But Cabinet has now approved a plan to set up physical and psychological

tests and fn Defence Force

members pass them they can fill

the positions regardless of

gender. And now all of the

roles on the front line will be

determined on the basis of

merit, not on the basis of sex.

So a very significant reform

announced by the Government today. The Defence Minister

resistance in the ranks but the says there might be

changes have the support of

military leaders. Momentary

slip of the tongue has seen a jet-lagged Kevin Rudd cast

himself back in the prime

minister's job he was dumped

from last year. In a live radio

interview Mr Rudd was asked

about Labor's electoral

prospects if he were to return

to the top job. It was enough

for the Foreign Minister. You to cause a moment's confusion

know something, I'm a very

happy little vegemite being prime minister Minister of Australia. Your

question was about being prime

minister, there you've caught

me getting off a plane jet

lagged and as for the Prime

Minister, at I said before, and said in the United States, I

fully support the Prime Minister. Analysis of Newspoll

data collected over the past 3

months has confirmed Labor months has confirmed Labor is

now trailing the Coalition in

all mainland States for the

first time since the last

election. In these competitive

times the need for companies to

respond quickly to changing important than ever. But many

organisations say red tape is

not only costing them money it's making them less

the later survey from the productive. That's according to

Australian Industry Group. Heather Ridout is the group's

chief executive. We've just

done a survey with Deloitte of

some 322 companies across a

broad range of industries,

manufacturing services and construction and certainly the

burden of regulation is rising,

not falling. Some 70% of companies say over the last 3 years and 75

anticipate it rising over the

next 3 years so clearly we've

got a big issue to deal with in

example of the sorts of this area. Have

regulations that are just


business? Companies are saying

that the cost to them is some

4% of total costs which when

you extrapolate it across the

economy translate to well over

$90 billion and this is not

just about occupational health

and safety and employment

regulation more generally, it's

importing and exporting, it's the cost

an environmental regulation and

it's tax regulation. So State,

federal and local so there's a

range of areas, range of areas, there's a range

of targets that policy can have

a look at and make some in

roads into. When you say red

tape do you mean things you see

as being non-essential?

St Business said they estimated

about 18% of the regulation

that they were complying with

wasn't essential. So that would

business is right about that,

probably one fifth the cost

would evaporate. So I think

there are areas where there's duplication, lack of business is dealing with 8 consistency, the average

regulators, if you can get some more consistency between those

regulate ers there's a range of

areas that are ripe for the

picking. How do you do that?

How do you go about stream

lining a very complicated

area? It is and the COAG

process is clearly important

and I note and I note the Government are

now consulting about the next

tranche of the COAG process

around regulation so this will

be a very important process

this time around. But certainly that process has proven to be extremely difficult to achieve

progress with but it's

moment we're dealing with absolutely vital we do. At the

occupational health and safety

regulation trying to get one

model law across Australia model law across Australia and

if that's any example that you

get lack of political will or

complicated political will, you

business sectors, we've all got

to put our shoulder to the

wheel on this because it's a

really dead weight cost on the

economy when we can't achieve

progress and certainly it's

shown in the survey. Heather

Ridout, thank you. Thank

you. Two murder sments have

told a Thai court they would

not get a fair trial in

Australia because of racism.

Surad Seehaverchart and Thatiya

Terdputham are facing

extradition over a stabbing

death outside a Melbourne years ago. The accused were

then studying in Australia but

left soon afterwards and were

later arrested in Thailand. At

an extradition hearing they profess their innocence in a

courtroom packed with family

and friends. They blame the

killing on the son of a Thai

mafia figure and argued that a

fair trial in Australia was

unlikely because of racist

attitudes. The court will make

its extradition ruling at the

end of November. Customs and

quarantine officers at airports

around the country walked off around the country

the job this morning demanding

better pay. Rolling

work meetings rg being held

throughout the day causing

delays for passengers arriving

mile long everywhere. It's from overseas. It's a queue

pandemonium, absolute mess. Very, very crowded.

People are very frustrated,

tired, smelly, they want to go

home and have a shower. The

union representing the workers

has rejected the Government's

9% pay offer instead demanding

13%. Stop work meetings are

again planned for Thursday and Saturday but if

demands are not met there will

be more industrial action next

week. Dramatic footage has

emerged of the Washington monument during last powerful earthquake. It showed

the initial confusion in the

observation level when the

first jolts of the tremor. But

the move turns to panic among

the tourists who head for the

exit. The shaking getting more

violent. The monument is yet to reopen with the damage worse

than previously revealed. On the inside of the building we

had a lot more stone that came down, particularly in the top

part of the monument and the

top 100 feet or so. As a result the building will remain closed indefinitely. An American

salvage company has pinpointed

a treasure trove of silver at

the bottom of the Atlantic

ocean. They found a British

cargo ship off the coast of

Ireland 70 years after it sank during World War

say its cargo of silver is

worth ?148 million, that's $235

million. It looks in perfect

condition but the SSGassioppa

is on the bt m of the Atlantic. It . Only one of the crew of 85

survived the sinking. Pt The US based exploration company Odyssey Odyssey Marine won the contract

for salvage rights for what's

expected to be the biggest haul

of precious metal ever found at

sea. The company gets to keep 80% of the 200 tonnes of silver. We're extremely excited

about this find. I mean it's

massive for us in so many

different ways. The deepest ever, it's richest ever and the

technological challenges that

we have ahead of us are

something we can really sink

our teeth our teeth into. Luckily the

cargo bays appear to be open. The 130-metre long ship was

found a couple of months ago

but the company had to be shore

they had the right vessel

before going public. And while

finding the wreck may have been

hard enough, the real challenge

lies ahead. Do we consider that

148 million to be a good enough reason site and that's why you're

always looking for broader

questions to be asked to

justify that degree of

intrusion. While it is possible

some of the crew

the ship, marine archeologists

say it's unlikely any human remains

remains still exist. What is

clear is the outline of a

doomed ship more than 400

kilometres from the safety of

Galway Harbour. Its treasure

about to see the light and air

for the first time in 70 years.

One of the nation's biggest

resources projects is set to go ahead with Chevron giving final

investment approval for the $29

billion Wheatstone LNG

development in the Pilbara.

Chevron says around half of

that money will be injected

directly into the Australian

economy and the Federal

Resources Minister Martin

Ferguson says the project will

make Australia the world's

second largest exporter of LNG.

It was all smiles as the American signed on to build one of Australia's largest investment

projects. Chevron will build 2

LNG trains on the Onslow with an initial capacity of 8.9

million tonnes of gas. It will

gradually grow to 25 million

tonnes annually. Martin

Ferguson says the timing of the

project places Australia in a

good position to capitalise on increased global demand. It

also represents a very substantial boost income with the partners already having agreements in

place for 80% of the LNG from

the foundation investment. Those include

long-term supply deals with Asian customers such as

Japanese power companies TEPCO

and Kyushu Electric. 6,500 jobs are expected to be created at the peak of construction.

Chevron has promised local

industry will benefit. We

really think that 50% of this

$29 billion will be spent in Australia in Government will also invest

more than $250 million on

improving infrastructure in

Onslow with the population of

the town expected to treble to

2,000 in 5 years. Construction

on Wheatstone is now expected

to start in November with the

first gas due to be produce ed by the end of 2016. It's a

battle between industry and retail superannuation funds and

no-one's pulling any punches.

Industry funds have come out

retail funds owned by the big

financial institutions would be

better off sticking their money

in the bank. Not surprisingly

the retail funds have rejected

the claim. Recent share market

volatility has done no favours

for many retirement nest eggs.

The body which represents

industry super funds has looked

at the performance of retail

funds which are generally

operated by the largest banks and insurance companies. Over

the last 14 years their returns

have been

on average which is less than cash and frankly for retail

super members their money would have been better bank. But the Financial

Services Council which

represents the retail funds

says the research is

misleading. It's a bit like

saying all Fords are faster

than all Holdens. The reality

is that's simple not true. To

so say all retail is better

than worse than all industry or

all corporate superannuation products or government superannuation products is simply wrong. At the moment these sort of self-serving

arguments from the Industry Super Network prove only

they're scared about they're scared about losing

their Mo nop Mo noply on

industry awards. It comes as

the retail super try to gain a

bigger foothold in the bigger foothold in the default fund. But the Industry Super

Network show the retail funds are not outcomes from the retail super sector can be attributed to a

number of things. One is they

have higher fees and costs

typically because of commissions paid commissions paid to financial planners. In some places

they're too high, there's no

doubt about that and what we

hope and what we trust is that

the reforms announced just last

week by the government, the

MySuper reforms, will see an overall reduction in fees. The

superannuation network is

urging the retail retail funds to look around for

a better deal . Ballarat is

back in the gold business. It's

a welcome boost to a town that was once the epicentre of

Australia's gold industry and

it's all thanks to the

that bought the old Ballarat

mine last year. It's now poured its first gold bar. Ballarat is

a city built by gold and a city built by gold and on

gold. On the edge of the CBD

about 500 metres below the surface miners are busy drilling. Castle main

Goldfields bought the Ballarat

mine last year and finally it's

mined enough to pour the first gold bar. The financial issues

have been great for gold but you need some stronger

economies as well. While economies as well. While the price of gold has slipped

recently it's overall strength

has made old sites like

Ballarat viable again. The gold

price is currently hovering

around $1,600 an ounce. In the

last few years we've seen a

rise in production and in several new mines and a lot

of rejuvenated old mines opening up. Castlemain

Goldfields has about 150 jobs

riding on the mine's success but

but it's confident it's future

is strong. Once you take away

the operating costs we should be spitting

be spitting out a good profit

of 20, $30 million a year. This

is by no mean asreturn to the

gold rush of the 1850s seen in

Ballarat and Bendigo. The reopened Ballarat mine is relatively small

return Victoria to its historic

golden mantel. WA's the big one

with 70 to 75% of with 70 to 75% of Australia's gold production, Victoria's down around

down around 1% or 2% these

days. But as history would

indicate, where there's gold

there's always someone willing

to try their luck. Let's go to some of the other stories

making news in business.

Australian motorists may be

facing higher petrol prices in

coming weeks. Economists say

the lower Australian dollar

fuel more expensive and

consumers are paying for that

at the bowser. According to

Commsec motorists would

currently be saving 13 cents currently be saving 13 cents a

litre if the dollar was still

sitting and around 110 US

cents. And after 3 years of

delays and 7 false starts Boeing

Boeing has finally delivered its first 787 Dreamliner. 500

Boeing employees gathered on a

rainy runway at the Se yachtle plant to pull the

plane 100 yards to its Japanese

buyers at the podium. The light

weight carbon fibre design enables fuel savings up to 20%

compared to other similar sized

aircraft. The first of the plane is to enter domestic service late next month. Time for a

for a check on how stocks and

shares are travelling. Here's

Michael McCarthy of CMC Markets. Things have Markets. Things have bounced back today? Yes, we're looking

at a strong day in the local

share market and a good day

with Australian investors with the local index bouncing up

about 3% at this stage and it's

made those gains and held on to

them so far. The miners had a tough day yesterday how are they doing

straight back and it's those

stocks that were hit hardest

yesterday that have bounced hard. So we've seen good performances from the energy

stocks, all of them moving up

and also from the mining

stocks, so with BHP up mur than

2% and Rio up almost 4% today

and that follows on from some

very strong price action in the industrial metals in London particular are doing very

well? Gold's been the most

volatile sector in trading this

week. Yesterday with that big

drop in the price of underlying

gold we saw the sector almost 10%. Today it's the

leading sector on our market,

up more than 5%, with market

leader Newcrest pacing those gains. What about the banks? Banks also bouncing

back. We've been hearing across

the trading desk that there's

been a lot of short selling,

that is active tradies looking to profit from falls in bank

prices and with the optimism

we're seeing in the market

today they've been forced to

scramble back into the

added to a bit of investor

interest at these levels that's putting in a very good

performance. We're seeing performance. We're seeing CBA,

ANZ and Westpac all up ANZ and Westpac all up around 3% and National Australia Bank

up 4% today. There's been some action in the airline

sector? Yes, there certainly

has. We've heard talk that

there will be a stoppage this

week or this weekend. However

that doesn't appear to have affected share prices too

badly. Both Virgin and Qantas

doing better today. Both up

more than 2% although strongly as the market which is still up 3%. Michael McCarthy,

thank you. Thank you. On to

Wall Street and stocks surged

as hopes grew that European finance officials were closer

to a solution for the region's debt problems.

The good news is that HIV

infection rates in Australia

have remained stable over the

last 5 years. The bad news is that other sexually transmitted

diseases are running rife among

young people. The annual snap

shot of the nation's sexual

health released by the Kirby

Institute of the University of

NSW found cases of gonorrhoea

jumped 25% in 2010 while 75

74,000 new cases

were diagnosed in 2010. David Wilson is the head of the

surveillance program for public

health at Kirby Institute and he joins me from Canberra. Why

is sexually transmitted

infections like gonorrhoea and

chlamydia increasing at such a

rate? These infections are

clearly sexually transmit and so it clearly points to a

practice of unprotected sex.

The people most affected by

these infections are young

adults, people of the age 15 to

19, so young teenagers and also those in their early 20s.

Clearly these people are having

many partners and they're not

practicing safe sex. Let's look

at chlamydia, it's now one of

the most frequently reported

conditions in Australia, which

is extraordinary. In fact is extraordinary. In fact it's

not only one of the most it not only one of the most it is

the most notify able conditions. Of all conditions

there's more cases report t of chlamydia than anything else. 75,000 Australians almost diagnosed with chlamydia last year, it's means about 5% of all young

Australians have chlamydia. But

most of the infections are

undiagnosed. Most people are not aware that they have the

infection. But it is a serious

condition, isn't it? It is a serious condition. However it

can be treated with a simp

course of anti-biyotics so it

doesn't have to be a big deal.

People can get tested and

screen and be treated. However,

most of them left undiagnosed

and because of that it can lead

to very serious commonly of those or the most important

important of those is infer

tilt. It is the most preventable cause of infer tillity tillity among women. While

chlamydia and gone wreer -

gonorrhoea cases are on the rise, HIV has plateaued. They're affecting

different population groups.

HIV is mainly transmitted in

Australia between men. Men who

have sex with men are the group

most affected by HIV and we've

been able to contain HIV that population primarily. However, chlamydia and

gonorrhoea, whilst also sexually transmitted, are

affecting young heterosexual Australians Australians more commonly. It's

good news for HIV that we've remained

remained at stable levels and

compared to other countries

it's very low. We've got one of

the lowest rates in the

world. AIDS and HIV were the big threats back in the '80s

and there are a lot of high

profile campaigns and warnings

about behaviour and protection,

is it about time that we had

because there's a new generation of young people

around? Well, I don't necessarily think that

a scare campaign like we had

with the AIDS campaign. We've

got HIV fairly well contained

now, and when we're talking about other about other sexually

transmissible infections we do

need some targeted and renewed

prevention strategies but these

infections are focused among different population groups. Young people need to of how common it is. Their friends, themselves are very

likely to have had exposure to this infection. Just how common

it is and I think it's time that young people start to talk

about it, to realise just how

common it is to practice safe

sex but then to start a negotiation around testing

practices and understanding of

previous partner history and

once there's an understanding

that both partners are clear of

infection after receiving a

test then they can forego condom use. David Wilson, thank you. Thank

you. Police are treating a major industrial fire at

Ipswich west of Brisbane as suspicious. suspicious. The blaze broke out

at the vacant 2-storey building just after 6:00 last night.

Every available fire fighter in

Ipswich and some Brisbane crews

were called in to fight the

blaze that took over 2 hours to

control. The destroyed building

is near the popular Ipswich

railway museum and had been marked for redevelopment. The

Syrian regime has again shown

its brutal hand. 4 soldiers

allegedly trying to desert have been shot dead by been shot dead by security

forces. International pressure

on Syria has intensified with

China adding its voice to those

expressing concern about the

crackdown on prodemocracy

protestors. The conflict hasn't

been seen by the outside world

because of a ban on foreign

journalists but one British

reporter was allowed in. I've been coming to Syria So what's changed after 6

months of protest and a brutal

crackdown? You don't feel it

here in the heart of the old city. Damascus hasn't lost its

charm or bustle, but there are

no tourists to enjoy it.

Business is suffering. I didn't

expect people to openly

criticise the Government with our

our official minder, however

amiable, at our side. One who happily told us on camera

there were no problems later whispered to me he couldn't

tell the truth. Plain clothes

intelligence agents are everywhere. But clearly some genuine support for the President. You lie

about Syria. It's my first day

here. You lie, all Syria loves

here. You lie, all Syria loves

Bashar. New footage of protests obtained by BBC's 'Panorama'

program show shooting at a

checkpoint. It's this kind of

video made by activists that

the Government calls lies, insisting many protestors are

terrorists. The problem is that

the West calls everybody a

protestor and refuse to

acknowledge that Syria is

facing terrorist fundamentalist

groups. Activists like my

shell who did believe in

dialogue must say the TRANSLATION: The Government

tried to force people off the

streets with violence, it

of no return. In Syria now failed. This could be a moment

they talk about an end game.

No-one can say when the battle

will end. But many now believe

only one side can win. In AFL news Collingwood's Dane Swan is

celebrating a surprise win at last night. Scott pending brrk led

the count midway through the

night but a strong second half

of the season saw Swan take the

fairest and best medal with a

record number of votes. Mum

loves it. She loves the fashion

more than the football side.

She wouldn't know if I had a kick all

kick all year but Dad's more

into it and I certainly didn't

get my genes from my mum. She can't play sport to save

herself. Swan is the first

Collingwood player to win the

medal since Nathan Buckley in 2003. Combine a picturesque

rural setting, low house prices

and good schools and even

better, a low crime rate and

higher than average earnings,

it's not surprising a historic it's not surprising

village possessing all these

attributes has been deemed the

best place in Britain to raise

a family. In the middle of

Devon the village of Winkly. Apparently the best place in

Britain to grow up. Who

living in Winkly? Me. What are

the problems? Any problems? No. It's just totally

And that just about sums it

up. Researchers found Winkly is

as good as it gets, not just

because it's pretty and

surrounded by open countryside

but because crime is low, wages

are relatively high and local

facilities like this preschool

are rated

wonder parents are happy as

well. I love it here. Wouldn't

change nothing for the world

really. It's a good place, good

village, good friends, good people in the village. What

escaped many of the social more do you need? Winkly has

problems that other rural

communities have suffered.

Researchers found house prices

here are more affordable and

haven't been forced up by

second home owners. What's more

they've kept not just their pub but also the post office and

the local shops. During their

tea break the preschool team

told me the most important thing here though is the

atmosphere. Everyone helps

everybody, everyone looks out

for everyone. I know that

sounds - but that is the truth.

That is what happens. It's a

lovely place to live. They

don't judge - people don't

judge you for what you are or

what you haven't got. Everyone is part of Winkleigh. They

really don't know how lucky they are. Police are investigating an accident south

of Melbourne that killed a

2-year-old boy and left a man

seriously injured. A man in his 60s was sitting on the ve rand

o of his house in Sorrento with

the boy last night. Police

believe a woman who was trying

to park her car on the front

lawn mistakingly hit the accelerator and struck them.

The man became pinned between

the car and the house and was

flown to hospital. The paramedics could not revive the

boy. To the weather now, the forming over south-west WA as a

cold front crosses the region.

Cloud over central and

south-eastern Australia in a

weak trough and mostly clear

trough should generate strong skies elsewhere. A low

winds, storms and widespread

rain from the east of South

Australia to Tasmania and NSW. A

A front should generate showers

and strong winds over southern

South Australia, a high should direct moist south-westerlies

over the WA south coast

triggering isolated showers.

And around the capitals: A final check of

That's the news for now. There's continuous news on ABC

News 24 and there's also news online. Our next full bulletin on ABC 1 is at 7:00 this

evening. I'm Ros Childs, great afternoon. Closed

Captions by CSI

* NARRATOR: 'Central Europe, 38,000 years ago. A man is dead. He's not one of us, he's a Neanderthal.' (SPEAKS PRIMITIVE LANGUAGE) 'A species that dominated Ice Age Europe, but then vanished.' What makes this mystery story really compelling is that we have the prime suspect and the prime suspect is us. (YELLS)

Modern humans show up, Neanderthals disappear. Modern humans are still around. 'Scientists have examined Neanderthal bones from every angle. Now they're looking elsewhere,