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Live. Cash offer - the Federal

Government tweaks its carbon tax

tax compo. Desperate days,

desperate lives - an ABC

exclusive on food shortages

North inside the secretive state of

TRANSLATION: Everybody is week

weak. Within my troop of 100

soldiers, half of them are

malnourished. And it looks like being a close shave - the

asteroid heading for Earth.

asteroid heading for Earth.

Hello and welcome to ABC News across Australia. I'm Ros

Childs. On the local share

market, banks and miners are on

the slide, but Telstra is going

the other way: More finance later in the

bulletin. Wayne Swan is

promising a bonus to battlers

to buffer them from unexpected

Treasurer says 3 million impacts of the carbon tax. The impacts of the carbon

households will get payments to

ensure they're more ensure they're more than

compensated for rising costs

when the tax comes in, but it's

a hard sell. A poll shows

support for immediate action on

climate change is at a new low

ebb. From Canberra, Nick

Harmsen reports. Tony Abbott

slogans, but Wayne Swan is may be the master of carbon

giving it a go. 3 million

households on low incomes will

get a battler's

get a battler's buffer. A promise to over compensate some

households by 20% is the latest

salve designed to make the carbon tax easier to

swallow. The vast majority of

Australian households won't pay

a cent. But the details of who

will pay and how much are still

weeks away. Well, I would adopt

the language of are working hard on this and

we'll do it as soon as we

can. The longer the Prime

Minister waits,ed harder the

task gets. A poll by the Lowy

Institute shows support for

aggressive action has fallen to

41%. An increasing number of

people don't want any action

which costs money.

Government has done a poor job Three-quarters believe the

addressing climate change. One

way you could look at it is that a

that a significant window

climate change has closed. Tony

Abbott seized the opportunity

to promise his own relief in

the form of tax cuts without a carbon tax, and while the

Government hasn't revealed the

costs of its own policy, it is

insisting the Opposition Leader

subject his to Treasury scrutiny. I think Australians

would like a debate informed by

the facts and figures, not by

mystical and magical the facts and figures, not by

assertions. But the Opposition

invitation. Well, that's pretty Leader is bucking the

rich coming from a Prime

Minister who doesn't release

Treasury modelling of her own

policies. Fertile ground for the economic credibility debate. Well, the Lowy

Institute poll clearly shows

that the Government is still

not winning the hearts and

minding when it comes to

climate change. Christine Milne minding when it comes to

is the Deputy Leader of the

Greens and joins me now from Canberra. Christine Milne, does

the polling mean when it comes

to the crunch few if any people

money if affects its lifestyle

or has Tony Abbott's campaign

in something sew. Sewn real seeds of doubts

in something tangible. I think

there is some truth in statements but I would note there is some truth in those

that in the Lowy Institute they

were asked, "Would you pay

more," without households being told they would told they would be assisted.

Sceptic have run a campaign for

the last couple of years and

what we're seeing now is people

saying, "Well, I would still like to see action on climate

like to see action on climate

change," but I think they need

to be confident about a couple

of things. People need to be

confident about the fact that emission also come down and

that there is going to be

support for renewables and

getting on with it with energy efficiency and the like, and I

think we will see a significant

change in those polls once we can get

all the parties and we get out there and people understand

exactly what is on the exactly what is on the

table. Now, it's already a very

sensitive issue with the

to tread carefully. Do you

think therefore it's wise for

your leader Bob Brown to be as

blunt as he was yesterday on

TV, talking about the death of

the coal industry? Surely

long way off? I think what that's a big call and it is a

Senator Brown also said is that the coal industry is in Australia, it's in Australia, it's going

strong, that unfortunately if

we're going to tackle climate

change we ought not to be

pushing the coal industry as we

are overseas. I think the issue here we need to get our

emissions down and we need the

transformation to renewable

energy as quickly as possible

and that has always been

something the Greens have argued for. Christine Milne, thank you. Thank you. Well, thank you. Thank you. Well, for

climate change scientists who believe something has to done now to reduce carbon

emissions the low which poll

makes for depressing reading. John Connor is the chief executive of the executive of the climate

Institute. John Connor, you

must be pulling your hair out

that your message on climate change is still not hitting the

mark? Well, I think what's very

clear is that the politicians

squabbling about action for now

almost half a decade of this

polling is toxic to public support and so what's critical polling is toxic to public

is that we finally get on with

some action and we hope that

the Government, the Greens and

Senator Milne is absolutely about I this result, but the Independents

right - when people understand

that we actually are taking action that can reduce pollution, that can grow investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency we see

support strengthening. We had a

poll just last weekend showing

that some two-thirds of Australians would then support

this action, so it's the

context that's really - we're missing that and the

politicians squabbling. You heard Christine Milne there talking about the climate

change sceptics

strong campaign. Why is their

message getting through to the

public more to the pub blek

than yours and the Government's? Well, we have

been hamp heered about the lack

of detail and what's actually of detail and what's actually

happening. So the price and

policies in terms of growing

renewable energy and actually

see some outcomes through pollution reduction through

this program and how we will

help households more broadly

with energy efficiency. I think

this will change the nature of

this debate. It won't change overnight at all. It will be a

hard slog now to overcome a

fair degree of scepticism out there, partly because of there, partly because of politicians not actually taking

action on this, but there has

been a heck been a heck of a scare campaign and misinformation and personal

attacks out there making it

very difficult indeed. The

Government has announced extra

money, so-called buffer money

for battlers for people who are doing it tough when they introduce the carbon tax. Is

money the key? Yes, part of behaviour first and behaviour first and foremost of

those who are making the

decisions about what sort of

power we have, how industrial processes processes are run, finally

making some of those companies pay for the carbon pollution

they've been putting up in the

atmosphere for free, enabling us to support households,

enabling us to put investments

into renewable energy. That's

when we will see some greater

support coming through, I think. John think. John Connor, thank

you Thank you. Cash payments will be made workers affected by the

temporary ban on live cattle

exports to Indonesia. The

Government will offer a package of benefits to those who have lost work because of the six-month halt. Around $3

million will be paid in unemployment allowances and

extra help will be given to

place redundant ant cattle

workers in new jobs. The ABC

has obtained some of the most revealing footage to be

smuggled out of the secretive

and impoverished state of North

Korea. It shows children begging for food and a

military struggling to feed its soldiers of the vision

soldiers of the vision also

appears to show people being forced to build a railway line

for Kim Jong-il's third son presumed heir Kim Jong-un. Risking his life, a North

Korean reporter shot the footage using a hidden camera

and then smuggled it out and then smuggled it out of the

isolated nation. Mark Willacy

has this exclusive report. They appear malnourished, their

faces coated with filth. These North Korean children are

homeless, left to homeless, left to beg on the

street. Their parents victims

of hunger or the gulag. " I am

8," this boy says. " My father

died and my mother left me. I

sleep outdoors," he sleep outdoors," he says. In

this vision, secretly shot just

a couple of months ago, it's

clear that food is available,

but almost all of it is

funneled to the military. Everyone must contribute,

including these private including these private stall

holders who are ordered to

donate bags of business is not good,"

complains this merchant."

"Shut up! Replies the military

administrator. " Don't offer excuses." excuses." The army, quarantined from the apocalyptic famines which

killed hundreds of thousands,

now appears to be going hungry, too. TRANSLATION: Everybody is weak.

Within my troop of 100

soldiers, half of them are nal

nourished. All of this footage

was shot by a North Korean

journalist using a hidden

camera. He was camera. He was trained by activist Jiro Ishimaru.

TRANSLATION: This footage TRANSLATION: This footage is

important because it shows that

Kim Jong-il's regime is growing

weak. It used to put the

military first, but now military first, but now it

can't even supply Foo food to its soldier. This footage

reinforces the fear that

millions of North Koreans are

wasting away from malnutrition

with many facing starvation.

But it also reveals that Kim

Jong-un, the well-fed son of

Kim Jong-il and the dictator's

presumed heir is beginning presumed heir is beginning to impose his will on his impoverished people. This is

footage of workers forced to

build a railway line for the

personal use of the man they

call The Young General, their

future leader Kim Jong-un. With

his identity disguised, the man

who risked his life to shoot

this extraordinary footage explains why he did it. TRANSLATION: The life of North

Koreans has hit rock bottom. I

feel very angry about the

succession to Kim Jong-un. This footage appears North Korean Army facing severe

food shortages. For a regime

that relies on the military for

its very survival, this prove disastrous. Victorian

police are concerned by an apparent escalation of gang

violence in Melbourne's north.

Shots were fired at a home in

Jacana at daybreak before two

cars drove away from the scene.

Further shots were fireded in a nearby street and a park. Nobody was

was targeted by gunmen last

week while a nearby house was

shot at, firebombed and rammed

with a truck. If with a truck. If the families

involved in these would like to

come forward and assist police

in investigations, we would

certainly welcome that. We have

interviewed them all

extensively, but any further assistance would certainly be

welcome to bring these events

to a

been jointly investigated by

Victoria Police Santiago taskforce which specialises in gang crime. High-ranking

defegtors are telling

authorities that Gaddafi's

inner circle is shrinking. A

prominent Libyan rebel says he expects Gaddafi to be out by August. For the poorly August. For the poorly supplied rebels in the eastern Libya,

this conflict is improvisation. This workshop

normally welds car exhausts.

These days they fix weapons for rebel fighters, like

rebel fighters, like this

refrigerator engineer who has built himself a home-made

rocket launcher. They're all

heading for the Brega front

line, the scene of chaotic

battle this spring, and now

weeks of stalemate, all waiting for

for the order to advance on

Gaddafi's troops and pave the way to Tripoli. But absence of proper kit or organisation is shocking.

organisation is shocking. And

there is another problem -

mixed feelings among the fighters about causing

bloodshed. Even these seasoned

veterans, professional soldiers

who switched sides to join the

rebels are reluctant. "We don't want to kill Gaddafi's troops,

"They say. " We are Libyan

brothers. We're all from the same country." Everyone here appreciates that many on

Gaddafi's side may not be there

voluntarily. This commercial

airline pilot fled the Libyan capital capital 10 days ago. People

there, he says, are

increasingly desperate. We are

like, you know, the last days

of Hitler in the Second World

War. Everybody is suspicious, everybody

everybody may die any minute, everybody may be taken to

jail. The rebels defence chief told

told me that a stream of high-ranking defectors were

report hg that the noose around

Gaddafi is steadily tightening.

He thinks the conflict could well be well be over by August. TRANSLATION: What we're

learning from defectors is that

Gaddafi supporters are getting

fewer. People who were close to

him are abandoning him, and his him are abandoning him, and his

inner circle is getting smaller

by the day. That's denied in Tripoli, but it seems the

rebels hope the impact of NATO air air strikes and the defections might force the Gaddafi regime

into peace talks. Their only

condition is that Gaddafi and

his circle must leave power.

Everything else is

table. The Chinese Premier Wen Jiabo Jiabo has promised to lend a

helping hand to European countries experiencing financial difficulties. Wen

Jiabo made the announcement

ahead of a business summit with the British Prime Minister

David Cameron. It's thought the

meeting will result in deals worth more than a billion dollars; reports from London. He may be

one of the world's most

powerful people, about you this

has been a relatively low-key

visit so far. Business visit so far. Business the focus, a faltering global economy the background

fear. And here was a tangible

reminder of China's economic

clout. Premier Wen Jiabo was on

hand at the release of MG's

latest model. The factory was

saved by a Chinese company

buyout. The designs and assembly may be British, but

the parts

business wants more deals like

this. So, too, does the

government, anxious to

re-balance the lopsided trade accounts.

TRANSLATION: At home we're

going to further stimulate

domestic demand and we're going to

to reduce our foreign trade

surplus and our reliance on

exports. And while he is due to meet the British Prime Minister

David Cameron, the Premier's

message is intended for more

than just one country. He has

promised support for embattled promised support for embattled European economies like Greece. TRANSLATION: TRANSLATION: We have done this

for Hungary and we will do the

same thing for other European

countries. So as we often say a

friend in need is a friend in need is a friend indeed. But this was not all

business and politics. Premier

Wen Jiabo took time out to

indulge a person passion for

the works of Shakespeare at the

bard's birthplace at Stratford-Upon-Avon. Perhaps

strategicallily timed

of activists from Chinese

jails, he will hear more, but

business, trade and economics are certain to dominate. Let's

go to some of the other making news in business -

Holden says the scrapping of

the Federal Government's green

car innovation fund has raised

questions over the long-term

viability of the country's car industry. Holden's Managing

Director Mike Devereaux says

the company is committed to

making cars in Adelaide, but

says Australia is an expensive

country to do more guarantees are needed. And a shortage of quality wool continues to help continues to help drive record prices. Brokers say demand is high while high while global wool output has fallen to the lowest level

in about 85 years. Time for a

check of the markets with

Elysse Morgan. Ellyse, Europe's

debt woes are still weighing on the Australian market? Ros,

there is very little appetite

for buying on the share market

today as Greece prepares today as Greece prepares to

vote on a range of austerity measures this week. needs to get them approved in order to get its next round of

rescue funds. Ratings agencies

warned more European warned more European banks will

soon be down graded so the All

Ordinaries is down 47 points

and ASX200 has also slid and ASX200 has also slid 44

points. Most of the major banks

are down. Commonwealth has lost

47 cents and NAB lost 44 clents

however Westpac has picked

up. Now are mortgage stocks

faring? Not all at all, Ros.

The sector is down 1 toy 25%.

Shares in gold is starting to

be sold off ahead of the Greek austerity decision. Newcrest

Mining has drop ed 2%. Atlas

Iron is out of a trading halt, down over down over 4%. The en-General

Secretarior is also seeing a

major sell-off. Santos and

Origin are both down close to

2%. The rest of the market Ellyse? Ros, precious few stocks making any gains today.

Telstra is clawing back some of

last week's falls, up 3 cents

and Qantas is being sold off,

down over 1.5%. Retailers are also on the slide. also on the slide. Wesfarmers

down 0.7%. A check of the

domestic market's other big

movers in the ASX top

100: Thank you. To the week ahead on Wall Street and most

eyes will likely be on Greece

again. The Greek Parliament is

set to vote on a package of

deep austerity cuts. So at the

close of trade last week:

June is turning out to be an

exciting month for star-gazers.

10 days ago there was the the size of an office building

is due to pass within 12,000km

of the Earth, close enough to

be called a near-miss by some.

Fred Watson is the astronomer

in charge of the observatory at Coonabarabran. The approach that this object will make is

certainly well away from any

danger zone. I mean, that's

about the Earth's diameter rg so if you imagine the Earth

sitting there and think will get to within one diameter of the Earth. It will pass

actually overhead tark ka, the

northern coast of Antarctica at

about the

Africa, so we won't see it here

in Australia, but an object that size and it's about the

size of two buses perhaps end

to end maximum, an object that

size entering the Earth's

atmosphere would still

harmlessly break up. We would

probably see a fireball in the

sky, but it wouldn't be one of these things

worry about from the point of view of

view of an impact on the

Earth's surface and the

consequences of that. But these

things always inspire fear, don't they? We've got those

movie images of massive rocks hitting the Earth and

catastrophe happening? That's

right, catastrophe is the word

of the moment these days, but

it is true, and you've got to

look back through the history

of the Earth to see how impacts from external objects have

affected the Earth. You just ask the around before an asteroid hit

65 million years ago and then

weren't around after that, so

these objects have had an

effect. It's only within the

last 40 years or so, though,

that we've realised that there

are still objects like this

around in space, and that has

inspired a search for what are called

called near-Earth asteroids or near-Earth

near-Earth objects, and it's

because of that search that we

now know about things like this

object whose name, by the way is 2011 MD. Very inspiring

name Yes, a great one. What is

alarming, though, Fred, is that this was only spotted out there last Wednesday? Yes, that's

right. I mean, that's certainly

true, and if you had an

asteroid rather bigger than

this on a collision course that was discovered with that kind

of notice, then you would

really have to resort to civil

defence measures. That would be

the only action you could take

, but the real reason for doing

the asteroid searches is to

give scientists as much warning

as they could possibly have of

any impending collision. Now, there is there is nothing on the horizon

that would do that, but if it

was the case, the more notice

you've got, the more you can do

about it. So, Fred, in short,

should we be worried about the

asteroid coming so close to

Earth tonight? Absolutely not.

This one is entirely harmless

and in fact what we should be doing

that we now know about these things

things which we didn't before,

and that, of course, means that

perhaps one day down the track,

if there is a threat from one of these things, we have the

best chance of finding out about it

about it in good time. Fred

Watson, fascinating to talk to you, thank you Thanks very

much. Name and shame - it's the

latest weapon being used

against small-time villains in

England and Wales. Already residents can check their local

crime statistics online. Now

towns in West trialing a scheme highlighting their photographs, sentences

and punishments for all to

see. So who is a criminal and

what crime have they committed?

Here in Here in Leeds, that question

can be answered. Because of

this - West Yorkshire's

police-in-the dock website T

names and shames offenders with

their photographs. Now the

Government is thinking about

using the idea across England

and Wales. They broke in through

through the roof. It's meant to

confidence. Maggie Pollard has

been burgled twice. She wants

to see the people who did it

held to account. It's a good

idea, yes. I think it might

discourage them from doing that kind of thing again if their

relatives and family can see

what they've been dog. The photos only stay on the website

for a month after conviction

and their victims' consent is

required. And will this keep

re-offending rates down? Michael criminals both before and after

they get out of jail. He has

his doubts. In terms of managing offenders and reducing re-offending, I'm not sure what

the objective here has been in

terms of once that offender has

been put into custody and put

into prison, is this helping

them or hindering them to have

a crime-free right. The Government has no date to roll

out the naming and shaming

scheme, but they are keen for justice to be seen to be done. To other score ris around

the world - anti-nuclear

activists have taken to the

streets demanding that France's oldest atomic power plant be

shut down immediately. The protests followed newspaper

reports that the plant's life

could be extended by 10

years. Police have used tear

gas to disperse pro-Kurdish MPs

and protesters who had staged a rally over the dis

qualification of one politician

from the Turkish Parliament. The clashes began when police charged crowd members who

returned fire with sticks and

poles. And firemen in the small

Californian town of Redding are

feeling pretty chuffed with

themselves after rescue ing a

kitten that this got itself

stuck inside a length of pipe.

And what else could they name

the kitten but Piper. It's been

adopted by a local TV station

employee. Adelaide United is

expected to announce today that store midfielder Marcos Flores will be leaving the club. Flores is the reigning Johnny Warren

Medallist awarded to the best player in the competition.

Flores told the club on Friday

he wants to go to China and has already signed with the club

Henan Jianye. It's believed the

contract is worth about

$800,000 a season. Flores could

make his debut for Henan as

early as Saturday. The women's

Soccer World Cup has begun with

wins for the host nation

Germany over Canada and France

against Nigeria. A sellout crowd of more than 70,000 at Berlin's Olympic

before cheering on Germany's 2-1 win. The Canadian skipper

Chris Sinclair scored from a

late free kick. In the other

Group A game, the French

dominated Nigeria, but could only manage one goal. Australia

plays its opening match against

Brazil on Thursday morning, Australian time. Taiwan's Yani Tseng as the world's top female

golfer with a 10-stroke victory in the LPGA Championship.

American Morgan Pressel was second. 22-year-old Tseng

doubled her third-round lead

with a final round 6 under 66

to finish the tournament we

locust Hill course with a

record-equalling total of 19

under par. Tseng is the

youngest golfer of either sex

to win four major tour events, surface Ri Pak who were both aged 24

when they won their further

major. And at the women's Champions Trophy, the

Hockeyroos have suffered

second straight defeat.

Australia slipped 3 goals

behind against New Zealand,

clawed two goals back, but

after two losses the Hockeyroos

have only a slim chance of

making the medal games. Australia's Mark Webber

has blamed a mistimed pit stop

for losing out on second place in the Formula in the Formula One Grand Prix

in Valencia. Webber finished

third behind Sebastien Vettel

and Spain's Fernando Alonso in

a Ferrari. It was the German's

6th win from 8 races so far

this season. He has led the season from the start and he

will surely be leading it at

the finish. It was the usual

story from Sebastien Vettel.

From pole position he zoomed

away and the rest were soon

dots in the wing mirror. Among them Lewis Hamilton, criticised for his aggressive

style, he gone tentatively on

his way to 4th place. After the

drama in drama in Canada where he was

overtaken on the final lap this was a sun-soaked stroll for

Vettel. The real contest was

for second as Fernando Alonso

swooped past Mark Webber much

to the delight of his home

crowd. He was never going to

catch Vettel, though, 11

seconds clear and in a class of his his own COMMENTATOR: Utterly dominant performance yet again

from Sebastien Vettel. Better than anything you could

imagine. This was such a nice

race. Vettel now leads the race. Vettel now leads the Championship by a whopping 77

points. We're not even halfway

through the season, but a title

seems his for the taking. To

the weather now. Scattered low

cloud along the Queensland coast is causing isolated

showers. Cloud crossing Tasmania with a fast-moving

front is also producing a few

showers. And showers in WA and

South Australia. skies elsewhere. A high will

clear Tasmania, Victoria and

South Australia and that high South Australia and that high

will edge east and strengthen,

causing showery winds to form

on the New South Wales on the New South Wales coast

and increase on the Queensland coast. A trough will trigger showers in western Queensland,

while another trough will bring

strong rain to western WA. And

around the capitals:

And a final check of the

markets: That's the news for now.

There is continuous news on ABC

News 24. Our next full bulletin

on ABC1 is at 7 o'clock this

evening. I'm Ros Childs. Have a

great afternoon.

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