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Deportation threat, the

Government loses patience with

apply to anybody convicted of detention rioters. This will

any action in our immigration detention centres from today

onwards. Syria rolls out tanks and troops to crush

dissent. The Taliban's whole

lot of trouble for hard-pressed

officials in Afghanistan. And

that regal look is producing top dollar for a top dollar for a boy from

Adelaide. Oh my goodness, it's

so good, nice meeting you.

Hello and welcome to ABC News

across Australia, I'm Nicole Chettle. The Federal Government's foreshadowing legislation to end an expense Government's foreshadowing new

of ive and politicly damaging run

of riot s at detention centres.

There are still 3 detainees

maintaining a roof top vigil.

The Immigration Minister Chris

Bowen's get tough policy could

of a criminal offence. The make it easier to

ABC's Ben Worsley is at

Villawood in western Sydney. So Ben, the Government wants to

take control after what's

clearly been a difficult so far? Nicole, that seems to

be the case. You can probably

see behind me there are still 3

remaining protestors on the

roof here at Villawood

Detention Centre. They've only

just surfaced. They've been

inside the roof cavity because

it's been raining quite heavily

here over the past day or so.

to and there were also the They've been there a week,

riots on Christmas Island and

Federal Government through the that's what's prompted the

Immigration Minister Chris

announcement. What Bowen today to make this

announcement. What he's doing

is effectively making it harder

for a slooeck tore get a

permanent visa by making it

easier for that asylum seeker

to fail the character test. If

today if the legislation passes

and is back dated to today, any

inside these walls or in any criminal offence

other immigration facility in

Australia will lead to an

asylum seeker failing a

character test therefore making

it, if not impossible, much more difficult to gain a

permanent visa. Under current

laws an asylum seeker seeking a

visa if they have a for a year or more. For

refugees found to be genuine

refugees facing genuine

persecution back at home, if persecution back at home,

they fail the character test

under these new laws they will

be granted temporary protection

visas. They won't be sent home

until the situation in their

homeland has improved so they no longer facing persecution.

Chris Bowen say s this is all

about sending a message to the

the behaviour that was seen people behind these walls

here a week ago will no longer be tolerated . I'm not proposing changes to the general criminal code Australia. What St Legal today

will be legal tomorrow. I'm

indicating that we're changing

the character test so if

somebody get assentence of less

than 12 months or a suspended

sentence or any type of

conviction that will be able to be taken into account to very

clearly, without doubt, without

danger of legal challenge, to

very clearly be taken into

any response from the test. So Ben, has there been account under the character

Opposition? Funnily enough Tony Abbott and his immigration spokesman Scott Morrison are on

Christmas Island today

inspecting the damaged

facility. As luck would have

it, I suppose, for them, they

are painting this as policy on

that Labor abol jished the run. They're pointing out

temporary protection visas not

long ago and here they are

reintroducing them to some

extent to protect, as the Opposition says, rioters from persecution. Now other groups,

including Greens and refugee

advocacy groups are saying the Government, instead of fixing broken down system, is blaming

the victims of that very system

itself and they say it further

erodes Australia's commitment

to the United Nations's refugee

convention. They're concerned

about the limbo that genuine

refugees will be left in if

they fail the character test

under these new laws, where

will they be kept until the

situation in their improves? For his part, Nicole,

Chris Bowen, the Minister, says

no-one, because of these laws

announced today, will be subject to arbitrary indefinite detention. Ben Worsley at

Villawood in Sydney, thank you. Julia Gillard has arrived

of in Beijing on the third stage

of her Asian tour. China is Australia's biggest trading

partner but human rights will

also be up for discussion as

the ABC's chief political reports. This is the first time

Julia Gillard's been in China

as Prime Minister and Australian officials concede

it's the most challenging leg

of her north Asian tour. The

Prime Minister is meeting

Chinese these Premier Wen Jiabao at the moment and Jiabao at the moment and she

will be trying to balance the

desire to increase Australia's trade relationship with China

on the one hand it's already

worth about $100 billion but on

the other hand she will be

raising concerns about China's

human rights does have concerns about meeting Julia Gillard said she

reports of a Chinese crackdown

on activists. We do raise human

context of seeking China's rights, we raise it in

assurance that the freedoms

that are guaranteed for its

people in its constitution are

being observed and that China

is not taking a backward step

on human rights. But this trip is predominantly about

business, very big business.

The CEOs of some of

also in town and no doubt they will ask Julia Gillard about

her plans for a carbon tax.

China could also ask some

appetite for Australian questions about that, given

exports. For her part Julia

Gillard will want to ask the Chinese leadership about its

plans to reduce its carbon

emissions. Almost 500 prisoners

have escaped from a jail in the

southern Afghan city of Kandahar.

including up to 100 Taliban

commanders crueled out through

a long tunnel. The Government

in Kabul says the jail

a disaster. This is all it took. Almost 500 prisoners

escaped through this tunnel at

a high security jail in the

southern Afghan city of

Kandahar. The inmates slipped

out at night. The guards didn't

realise that more than a third

of the prison population was missing until early the morning. TRANSLATION: Digging a tunnel

is in fact a new technique. It

has taken more than 1 or 2 days. We should days. We should admit that our intelligence was not able to

find out correct information

about this. This is really about this. This is really our

fault, I hope it won't happen

in future. The Taliban have

claimed responsibility and say

insurgents spent 5 months

digging the tunnel from a

nearby safe house. The escape

route stretched for more than 300 metres

several checkpoints. Police are

struggling to explain how it

happened and could only seal off the scene long after the inmates had TRANSLATION: Right now is situation is under control and

we've blocked off the area. The

break out is an embarrassment

for the Afghan government. It

comes only 3 months before

Afghan security forces are scheduled to take over

responsibility for 7 districts

across the country. This is not

the lead up if Government was

hoping for. Our first reaction is that this is a blow. It is

something that should not have

happened. And now that it has

happened we're looking

finding out as to what exactly happened and what's being done

to compensate for the disaster

that happened in the prison in Kandahar and

Kandahar and beyond that I have

nothing else to share. The

escape is the late nest a

series of Taliban operations

targeting police, army and

security compounds over the

past 2 weeks. The through the Government's

defences. This incident is also

very concerning and frustrating

for coalition forces in

southern Afghanistan. Many soldiers soldiers have risked their

lives and spent a great deal of

time trying to get some of

these Taliban leaders in

custody. Now hundreds of

insurgents will be spilling

back on to the battlefield just

ahead of the summer fighting

season. The Afghan Government

has ordered an investigation

into the escape. Security officials in Kandahar won't

rule out the possibility prison staff may have been involved.

involved. The Lybian leader

Moammar Gaddafi has appeared

Lybian TV just hours after his

compound was bombed. He was

seen meeting tribal Elders apparently unconcerned alternate damage to his

residence. NATO air strikes and guided bombs reduced much of

the compound to rubble

including a library and office

and reception hall for visiting

dignitaries. But even more

destruction was in evidence in

the city of Misrata, besieged

by Gaddafi's troops. The rebels

in Misrata say they've forced

the loyalist s before large part of the city were devastated. The Syrian

Government is stepping up its

attempt to crush out breaks of

dissent around the country. The

army is being deployed to put

down the uprising and 25 people

have been reported killed in the latest violence. Hundreds

of soldiers backed by tanks that

that moved against the rebels

in the southern border town

Deraa. The Syrian Government

made it very clear today that

it will tolerate no dissent.

Extraordinary scenes as tanks

rumbled down the Deraa trying to seize the city

back from #3r0 test -

protestors. The army moved in

in force, firing at

demonstrators. These images,

which we cannot verify, are

said to have been recorded

today on mobile phones. Some

brave enough to confront the

tanks made it very clear what they think of they think of the invading

Syrian army. Early morning we had received information from two people inside Deraa that

the army had circled the city.

There were a number of At the time there were 6 tanks

that they could see and all

we've seen since then is the

footage that a number of TV

stations are playing. Syria is

trying to ruthlessly crush resistance. 5,000 troops are

said to have been mobilised.

There are reports of bodies

lying in the streets and more

people killed today,

death toll to more than 350

since protests in Syria began

last month. It's been 25 years since Chernobyl changed much of the world thinks about nuclear power. An explosion

blew apart a nuclear reactor,

spread potentially deadly

radiation and for days the Soviet

Soviet Union said nothing.

Today in Ukraine many are

pausing to remember and say

what they experienced in Chernobyl is

Japan. (Bell tolls) 25 years

ago from this moment, the world

changed. The dangers of nuclear power were no longer just potential.

potential. Chernobyl, and the

massive amount of radiation

released in the accident there,

sent chills around the world.

In Ukraine many will never forget, especially those

mourning loved ones sent to

clean up the disaster who are now TRANSLATION: All of us here are widows. Our husbands have

gone. When the roof blew off

reactor 4 at Chernobyl, and

radiation spewed out, the

workers sent to clean up

as lick daters had no warning. There are still vast

discrepancies in estimates of

how many have died. And as they

marked this anniversary, many

liquidators say it's been made

all the more painful by the nuclear catastrophe unfolding in Japan.


unfortunately that our experience was account. Our mistakes at

Chernobyl are being repeated in

Fukushima. And there was

another sobering reality here.

25 years after the worst nuclear disaster

Chernobyl isn't fading away. As this anniversary approached

there were new reminders there were new reminders that

Ukraine has only just begun to

deal with Chernobyl's

legacy. Ukraine moved closer

last week to raising the money

needed for a new seal on the

destroyed reactor. The world's largest

rise 105 metres and slide over

the original hastily built the original hastily built Sar - car cough Gus.

Environmentalists say a new

cover is only the first

step. This is the inconvenient

truth. The real challenge is to

remove the nuclear fuel which

is still in the reactor, still

in the sarcophagus. Here they feel they won't be the last liquidators who face potentially deadly radiation of


As business industry and the Federal Government battle it

out over the carbon tax, it

seems the politics and

negotiating is overshadowing

the public debate. Some punters

are still confused as to what

it all means, who it will

affect and how much it will

cost. The ABC's environment

reporter Sarah Clarke has been

doing the numbers. doing the numbers. After abandoning its emissions

trading scheme and ousting a

prime minister, the Gillard

Government has come full circle

and is again attempting to hang its economic and green

credentials on a carbon tax. I

don't want us to wake up in 10

years time lumerred with a high

carbon economy when the rest of

the world has moved on. The Opposition's made its position

clear. It's a bad tax, based on

a lie, it will cost it appears both sides need to

work harder to tell voters what a carbon tax is. I feel you've

caught me out. I don't know.

Can you tell me? I think I

what a carbon tax is but I

don't know if they're selling it well. Effectively a carbon

tax put asprice on pollution

and from July next year business will pay for every tonne

tonne of greenhouse gas

produced. I think the total number of companies that will

pay any carbon tax at all is

about 1,000. For many of them,

even, it's not going to be a particularly Government says 50 companies

responsible for half the

nation's emissions will pay the

bulk including coal-fired power

stations and industries like

steel making, aluminium smelting, cement manufacturing

and mining. And anyway will

likely pay between $20 and $30

a tonne. You will see mines closing and you will see investments not happening in

this country but they will be

happening elsewhere and the

emissions will be going up elsewhere. Emissions elsewhere. Emissions intensive industries want compensation and while the Government is sympathetic it hasn't said which industries might be

eligible but the Gratton

Institute has done its own analysis. The steel industry will require some assistance

until there is a global carbon

price. The cement industry will

be in the same position as will

the aluminium industry and the

oil refining

industry. Household products

and services will go up.

Treasury modelling suggests an

extra $863 a year. But 50% of

will go to middle and low

income earners to cushion the income earners to cushion the impact. Environmentally the

Government hopes the tax will

rein in Australia's greenhouse

gas emissions. It's an issue

that affects every working Australian. There's $1.3

trillion tied up in super anwaition funds. The Government

has commissioned a review into

the super industry and will likely roll out changes in the

years ahead. Is super any easier it was a few years ago? it was a few years ago? Nathan

McPhee is from the independent

research centre Super

Ratings. No, super remain

asvery complex system, even

though fundamentally it's a

pretty simple idea that you're just saving for your

retirement. There is a lot retirement. There is a lot of

rule an regulation and they

seem to change on a consistent

basis. It's difficult for the

average person to understand

what's going on in what's going on in the retirement savings market. What

about changing funds? It seems it's easier

it's easier at the moment to switch mobile phone providers or banks to switch up who provider is for superannuation? Unfortunately,

consolidating super is one of

the most challenging parts of the system. There are many road

blucks that funds put up,

there's a lot of identity and proof checks that have

through and the whole process

can be exhausting for members

which is why less than 1 in 6

people who start the process complete the

consolidation. What needs to be

done to simplify this whole

process? One of the

Government's recommendations of

its superannuation review was

the use of tax file numbers as

a key identifier. This has

potential to allow straight forward and

of members' accounts. If this

was the case up to 20, 30, 40% of accounts could be removed

from the system, consolidated

on a very Rapid Bay sis. So

what you're saying is consumers

can simply tix a box saying

please roll all my super funds

into one account? That's the

potential outcome. Can you give

us a health check for the super

industry? Has it bounced back

since the global financial

crisis? Performance to the year

at end of March has been relatively strong. Super funds

have returned ab-9.5% and. That

will be the second consecutive year of close to double digit

performance. Looking ahead to

next month's Federal budget, is

there any good news for the

super industry? The last couple

of years the Labor Government

has tinkled with superannuation, they reduced

the contribution cuts they

announced last year that they

would increase the rates to 12%

together with the mining tax so

we're not sure where that's

going yet but it remains to be

seen whether the Government

will do anything. It's unlikely

they will change the contribution contribution capped levels, again having reduced thep down

to 25,000 for under 50s. Thanks

for joining us. Let's go to

some other stories making news

in business. The Canadian

mining ba rick gold has struck

a deal to buy

topping aed by from Minmetals

resources. Ba rick, the biggest

gold miner is offering $7.7

billion in cash for exnox.

Silver and gold have surged to records in London on

speculation China will buy precious metals to diversify.

China has $3 trillion in

reserves and there are reports

it plans to set up funds to

invest in energy and metals.

People moving into small housing estates could be

without access to the Internet

for years until the NBN is build. The ABC's online investigative unit says Telstra's been reluctant to lay

new copper networks when

optedic fibre's on the way and

has told those customers to

wait. Instead Telstra's

providing wireless phones that don't allow access to the

Internet. To the markets now

and they're enjoying the Easter

break here but are open in most other parts of the world. On Wall Street this slipped into the red.

A medical team in the United

States is working on a new way States is working on a new way of detecting cancer through

your breath. The research was

inspired by increasing evidence

that dogs can tell when people

have cancer even deep in the

body. Dogs can smell chemicals

that are released by cancers through sweat, urine and

breath. At the cancer institute in Georgia, they're now

trialing what they call the deep breath test. Our model predicted in over predicted in over 75% of the

time correctly which patients

did have breast cancer and

which ones did not have breast

cancer. And these dogs in

England are having success in

detecting cancers from urine

samples. Yesterday we saw how

the Anzac tradition was commemorated in Thailand and Gallipoli as well

as in services and marches

across Australia. The bravery

and heroism of Australian and

New Zealand soldiers New Zealand soldiers has also

been marked been marked at Westminster Abbey in London. ('Last Post' plays) There were the

traditional red poppies, but

this year a wreath of white

flowers were prominent too, to

honour those who 96 years later

suffered a fate no less painful when they came up against the

forces of mother nature. Let us

pray for those devastated by

earthquake in Christchurch New Zealand

bushfire in Australia. bushfire in Australia. The Linwood College Orchestra

almost didn't make it here. Their school in a disadvantaged

area of Christchurch was

flattened. Fund raising for the trip

trip was abandoned as people

rallied to help victims for the

quake. Last-minute donations got got 65 students on London. It was pretty much the

highlight of my life so

far. For the Dean of Westminster this Anzac Day was

a rehearsal for a rehearsal for his next

special engagement at the end

of the week when he will

conduct the wed ing service for

a future king. Be praying for

Prince William and Catherine

that they will be very happy on

the day, relaxed, enjoy the day and

and just

and just concentrate on and just concentrate on what they're doing. The importance

of their vows to each other in of the congregation. That's at

the heart of it. Forget the razzmatazz. This special Anzac Day service is the last big

event that will be held here

before Friday's ceremony when

the Archbishop of Canterbury declares Prince William and

Kate Middleton, just over

there, husband and wife. He

will do so to an audience in will do so to an audience in

here of 1,900 and globally 3

billion people are expected to watch online and

Let's have a quick look at

other stories making news

around the world. The death

toll from a 4th day of

skirmishes along the Thai

Cambodian board ser now put at 12 with nearly 50,000 people forced into evacuation forced into evacuation centres. Both countries claim ownership

of two temples in a

long-running dispute that dates

back to the 1950s. At least 38

people have died in the

Democratic Republic of Congo

when their boat capsized Lake Kivu. The boat was fer yig

goods and people across the

lake when it tipped over and

capsized in the predawn. in North Africa the people of in North Africa the people of

Chad have been voting in

presidential elections expected

to secure Idriss Deby a fourth

term in office. His main rivals

have boycotted the race and

many citizens voted early to

avoid the 40-degree heat. By

day he's a civil engineer and

by night he moonlights as Prince William. 29-year-old Simon watt kinson from Adelaide

is part of a team of royal look is part of a team of royal look aloicks that are hot property in the lead up to in the lead up to Friday's

wedding. In this lucrative industry it's not who you know

but who you look like.

Australia's own royal has been

just as busy as the real prince

in the lead up to the big day.

Now a viral advertising star, he's stopping traffic selling books. It probably

started for me in about January

when my girlfriend sent my

photo into a photographer and

she rang me up and wanted to

use me for a book that she made and it's gone from

there. English artist Alison Jackson has been using

look-a-likes in her work for 12

years. We live our lives by

images, so we don't really know

the real people but we think we

know celebrities intimately but

very few of us have had the

chance to actually meet them.

So we've got a real fascination in just image. So the look-a-like is

just as good as the real thing

and perhaps the look-a-like's even better because they're accessible. I've accessible. I've been doing it

23 years this month. When my

son started school little girls

used to come up and to me and

say you look like the queen and

it got more and more. It's fun

and gets you to lots of places

that you wouldn't go to in normal life. We thought we struck it luckily. Blow my

photo up and put it on the wall

at home. Straight to the pool

room. Mr Watkins on genes are

causing double takes outside

the palace. So good to meet you. Lease so cute. And demanding a princely fee. It

can vary on client and where

it's going but it can be up to 2,000, 3,000 a day. But no, he hasn't met probably for the best. I'm not

sure if he would really want to

meet me after some of the

photos I've done. He may not be

the real Prince William but as

you can see he's causing a quite a stir. Other members of

the royal family have given up their

their day jobs for this but Mr

Wated kinson said he will stick

to civil engineering for now.

Rescue workers in Britain are

worried that a growing number of walkers and climb verse a

false sense of security when

they venture into the wild. The

number of calls for help is up because they're relying on

thing like smart phones rather

than learning how to use a map and compass. This and compass. This is what can

happen if you take a wrong

turn. This kind of rescue is

becoming more common. Many

caused by the very gadgets

walkers need to call for help. It's something these ladies

hope to avoid. They're training to coast route. They will plot

their 190 miles on some modern

technology. It's fantastic

because you can zoom in on it,

we can we can track our routes so we

can see at the end of each day

how far we've gone, you know

how high we've climbed, what

time we started, what time we

finished rkts how long it's

taken us and all that sort of

stuff that's interesting to us personally but probably not

interesting to anybody

else. They're doing all of this

to raise money for mountain

rescue. Both know how to use a

map and compass. Other walkers don't.

relying on smart phones could

lead to trouble. If somebody

was navigating off Google maps

on a smart phone only a few

weeks ago in the mist and just

got hopelessly lost, couldn't

tell north from south, couldn't tell anything about the terrain

they were on and it took us

about 3 hours to find

them. Rescuers like Nick are

worried about this reliance on

technology. I think we come

across a lot of people now even

if they've got a map and

with it. There does seem to be

a significant number of people

relying on technology but

haven't got anything to back it

up with if it goes

wrong. Rescuers hope a new

generation can enjoy the Fells

and discover them in their own

way. They just need to learn

that in this environment new technology has its limits. To

the weather now and the

satellite picture shows low

cloud being driven over the

eastern sea board by moist south-east winds leading to some heavy

cloud over southern WA is being

generate aid long a trough and front triggering showers and storms.

storms. A high is keeping skies

mostly clear elsewhere. A high tomorrow will push mild and

shourery winds over the eastern

sea board while warm and dry

Wednesday will affect the south-east. A late cold front

over the south-west will bring

more wind and showers. Mostly

dry for the interior and Northern Territory due to a

high pressure ridge.

That's the news for now on a day when day when the Federal Government

announced new measures to deter asylum seekers from asylum seekers from damaging detention centres across

Australia. And the Afghan

Government admitted the escape

of hundreds of political

prisoners from a jail in

Kandahar was a disaster. There's continuous news at ABC

News 24 and our next full

bulletin on ABC 1 is at 7:00 this evening.

Chettle, have a good afternoon. Closed Captions by CSI


Welcome to a ditch in Cambridgeshire. But this isn't any old ditch. Right here, two metres below the surface is a layer of Roman finds. In fact, this is a pretty bountiful ditch, because over the years, it's produced hundreds of examples of high-quality Roman pottery like this lot,

including this beautiful find, a perfectly preserved Roman flagon. Which is all very intriguing, but we really knew we had to come and investigate this site