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ABC Midday Report -

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Country killing fields - the horror of Ivory Coast's drawnout political struggle. A

woman survives this - a six-storey fall from six-storey fall from a Melbourne car park. Jobs for

the boys - men taking on

the boys - men taking on what's

been seen as women's work. For

men going into a women's health

environment, you definitely

have to be aware that you are a

minority. And nearly 60 years

on, declassified British

Cold War wounds. documents revive Australia's

Cold War wounds. Hello and

welcome to ABC News across

Australia. I'm Ros Childs. The

local share market is boost from better-than-expected

States: jobs figures in the United

More finance later in the

bulletin. Violence in the West African flashpoint of Ivory

turn. Coast has taken an ominous

turn. Four months after

atrocities disputed lesses reports of

atrocities have begun to emerge

and the UN says the camps of

each of the two men claiming to

be President are involved. The

fighting has been particularly

bad in the regional centre of people were massacred. This

report contains some disturbing

images. We're driving into the

ruins of Duekoue. It's still

very tense here. Signs of very tense

battle and looting,

battle and looting, and the

dead - body bags waiting for collection. UN

collection. UN troops guard

local volunteers as they search

for more bodies. 50 today. At

least four children.

agencies have claimed up to a

thousand people died when the

town was overrun by forces

loyal to the elected

loyal to the elected President

Alassane Ouattara. A UN soldier confronted those forces. "You

mustn't kill them," he says. "

If you take a prisoner, give

him to the authorities. No more killing." "But it wasn't us,"

he tells me, "It's

he tells me, "It's the militia

groups fighting each other."

This is a murky conflict,

civilians targeted on sides, but the forces now in

control of the town insist the

death toll has been exaggerated

and they have nothing to and they have nothing to

hide. 162 people which we

found. I think that we call

people to come here and make

reach together investigation and after we can

reach together a conclusion. So

involved in any sort of you deny that your forces were

massacre? No, our forces can

not be implied. But the crowds

we found sheltering in a church

compound here tell a different

story. 40,000 scared civilians.

Do you not go home? Because I

see somebody who kill heart. So

if I see the military, I'm

afraid. And so they wait. Like

this whole country, wondering when

will end. The Taliban has claimed responsibility for a

double suicide bombing in

Pakistan which has claimed at

least 41 lives. The

a Sufi shrine in Punjab

province. When challenged by

police at the entrance, the

bombers set off their devices

among crowds gathered for a festival.

festival. Scores of people were

injured. The Taliban treats the

mystical Sufi brand of Islam as

heretical, but justified this attack as attack as revenge for Pakistani military offences. A stand-off

is developing in Libya around

the strategically important oil port of Brega. Rebel fighters are struggling to take control

in the face of a well organised

defence by forces loyal to the

Libyan leader Colonel Moamar defence by forces loyal to the

Gaddafi. His government has

been further weakened by

defections, a former foreign minister the latest to jump

ship, and it won't be helped by

a US decision to conduct further recent poor weather. The battle

for Brega - rocket fire from

the rebels as they try to drive

Gaddafi's forces from the town.

The desert now a battle ground.

The desert now a battle ground.

And danger filling the skies with surface-to-air missiles

target NATO jets. Osman was used by the regime's men to

fresh from the front lines. He

was wounded today in Brega, but

told us proudly his men killed,

too, on the other side. "There is heavy

is heavy fighting," he sass,

"But their heart isn't in

They're all mercenaries from

Mauritania and Mali. We're

fighting for freedom. It's been

forbidden for the past 42

years." But the freedom

fighters had to make another

mass retreat, under fire from

better equipped and better

is a familiar pattern in recent organised Gaddafi loyalists. It

days. The rebels have been

taking some prisoners. This terrified captive, a mercenary,

was shown off to the media.

Some in the crowd were baying

for blood, but he was taken

away to whatever justice awaits

at rebel headquarters. Now to Misrata, the

Misrata, the only town in Western Libya not under

government control. One group to the rebel stronghold of Benghazi with harrowing stories

of their experiences. For two

days, the cruise ship Ankara had waited off the coast of

Misrata for the briefest pause

in the CHANTING. Tonight, it arrived in the fighting.

to a rousing welcome in the

rebel stronghold of Benghazi,

with the wounded

with the wounded and the first

eyewitness accounts of a mounting humanitarian crisis. Aboard the

many patients, even the car

deck was lined with mattresses.

The injured are fiercely proud to belong to to belong to this rebellion,

but among them is an untold

number of women and children, including 12-year-old

including 12-year-old Mohamed.

His brother, Ali, told me they

were on their way to market

when a rocket exploded next to

them. Mohamed was peppered with

shrapnel. Since the first days

of the uprising, these men have

defied the brigade loyal to

Gaddafi's son. His forces are

now using one of the city's

hospitals as barrack s.

hospitals as barrack s. The

remaining clinics are overwhelmed. We don't have

enough nurses or medications to

cover the patients over

there. How many patients do vu

in these hospitals? Too many.

In one day we had 40 patients and more than 150 injured patients, that's just

in one day. Saed told me there

is no mercy being shot, they is no mercy being shown. They

shot, they shot in Misrata from

all directions. You cannot say

I'm safe here, even my home -

not safe. Tonight the ship

sails for Turkey, but the

families say hundreds are left

behind, and the longer this siege continues, the rise. Here a woman has been

seriously injured after her car

plunged from the top of a

plunged from the top of a six-storey car park in Melbourne's CBD this morning. Witnesses described hearing

loud crashing noises as the car

scraped between two buildings

before hitting the ground. The

woman thought to be in her 40s was conscious as was conscious as rescue crews

took about half an hour to free

her. I was just in my aptment

at the time and as I said, it

sounded like a truck was crashing, but more than once. I'm assuming

more than once. I'm assuming

the car fell off the 6th or 7th

storey, just going back and

forth against the walls. Police

are investigating how

was able to crash through the sixth floor barricade. The

chief of the nation's biggest

science organisation says a

carbon price needs to be part of Australia's overall climate change policy. Dr Megan Clark

has told the ABC that global

warming is one of the most

challenging issues facing humanity and the crucial role in the debate, but

she says a carbon price must be

a part of a long-term plan. It's simply one of plan. It's simply one of the

things that needs to happen. In this this country

that with our water, so we now

trade water every State every

day in this country. We've put

a price on water and we've seen efficiency changes of

efficiency changes of between

30 and 50% in some areas. Despite areas. Despite recent

criticism, Dr Clark says the

CSIRO will continue to play a key

science of global warming. Once

secret papers from British

intelligence agency MI5 have shedding new light Petrov affair and the actions

of Charles Spry. In 1954, Australia was gripped by

Australia was gripped by the defection of Vladimir Petrov,

the third secretary of the

Soviet embassy in Canberra and

his wife. And in the midst of

the drama Charles Spry was

warning MI5 to consider with holing

intelligence from the

Australian Government if Labor

won that election. The papers

are being released by the British National Archives in London. Professor

London. Professor David McNight

is a historian at the

University of New South

Wales. These are quite extraordinary revelations

really. What is means, I think

s that Charles Spry, the head

of ASIO was part of a

conservative military elite which really department accept

that Labor under Dr Evert

legitimate government and they

believe it was quite proper and correct and even necessary to

go behind the back of an elected government

elected government or they were prepared to do

been a debate about how Robert

Menzies used the Petrov affair

to his advantage. Do these papers shed any more light on

that? What the papers reveal is

that the if he feks shun which

took place just before the 1954

election was seen by Menzies in

his private discussions to MI5 people people and others as an enormous political opportunity and he

and he did - he was really

excited and determined to get as

as much political capital out of it as he could, to the

extent that we now know that

British intelligence were quite worried that the pressure he

was putting on ASIO could

actually damage the debriefing

of Petrov who might, they

feared, might commit suicide or

might have a breakdown or

something like that. Now, the

details that we did know about

details that we did know about the Petrov defection were full

of drama. We now know a little bit more about the

circumstances of Mrs Pet trf's

decision to stay in Australia, really underlying the human

dilemma?. I think the human

dilemma of Mrs Petrov was quite

extraordinary, because unlike

her husband, she had family

back in the Soviet Union, so

when she ultimately decided to

when she ultimately decided to defect, she feared and it was

true the family would be

subject to reprisals. Her

her of his defection, had no family back in family back in the Soviet

Union, so her decision either way would bring bad

consequences for her. This, of course, Petrov affair happened

in 1954, but there were the

ongoing impact of that was felt

until the 1970s. There wasn't a

Labor government until the early

early 1970s. Can you put that - relate that back to what

happened in 1954? Well, it

would be hard to be that

direct, but I guess was an atmosphere where by Labor just wasn't trusted by

any of the political elite in

Australia. They were seen as

untrust worthy, they were seen as people who had wrong ideas

and had wrong connections. In

Evert's case, he had tremendous qualities, but he

qualities, but he had some

terrible personal defects, and

in some ways he was used by

people on the left who were

appointed to external affairs

under his ministry, and they

betrayed that confidence, really, by giving leaking stuff to the

Russians. David McNight, thank you. Thank you.

you. Thank you. It was as

nightmare ride for passengers

on board an American airliner

on the weekend when part of the

plane's roof ripped open. Now

safety inspectors have found widespread cracking around the

damaged area, a 1.5m gash that

tore open with a loud bang from

a flight from Phoenix to

Sacramento. A Sacramento. A preliminary on-site examination reveals pre-existing fatigue along

pre-existing fatigue along the

entire fracture surface, and

this is a term known in the

industry as multi-site damage.

None of the 123 people on board were seriously hurt.

Southwest Airlines has grounded 79 planes for safety

inspections. As the saying

goes, it's a man's world. The

advancement of women in the workplace has

headlines recently with talk of

quotas to boost their numbers

on boards. But what about men

in professions dominated by

women? Nicole Chettle spoke to

some who are proving there is

nothing feminine about tackling so-called women's work. Martin Griffiths is used to

encountering raised eyebrows. A

midwife for 20 years he has

helped bring thousands of babies into world. For

babies into world. For men

going into a women's health environment, you definitely

have to be aware that you are a

minority. Martin Griffiths was

there when Erica Coombes' son

Thomas was borp. Now he is helping with baby No. 2. It's

just magical, you know. I think

being part of new families.

You move beyond what sex your

midwife is as such. It's really

irrelevant. For men in the

irrelevant. For men in the mostly female workplace, negative stereotypes can be

challenging. The trick is to

play to your strengths. I think

it's important for the kids

come from homes with single-mother homes.

I think childcare was a good

option because obviously I love

kids, good, fun job. I couldn't see myself doing an office job

or something like that, so this

was an obvious choice. While

women try to smash the glass ceiling, women

ceiling, women are more likely

to ride the glasses Cal lator,

being promoted away from the

hands-on work they signed up

for. It's still discrimination,

but it's because of our understanding and our

stereotypes of what is an

acceptable male position and an

acceptable position for women. And even in more traditional roles, traditional roles, men are

missing out. Isabel Metz says corporate

corporate high-flyers don't ask

for family-friendly hours for

fears the boss will question

their commitment. The challenge

seems to be proving that

nurture something not just

women's business, at home or on

the job. Whether you're a male

or female worker, a report

today has found that up to 8 million Australians don't

million Australians don't have

good enough basic skills to

undertake training for trade or

professional jobs. The research conducted by the

conducted by the country's 11 industry skills councils, has

found the situation is so bad, it's threatening Australia's

international competitive edge.

Arthur Blewitt is the CEO of the AgriFood Skills Australia,

one of the councils behind the

report, 'No More Excuses'. Oh I

think it is an impediment to

both ongoing industry employment

contribute to that enterprise,

and secondly I think it

compromises our capacity

compromises our capacity to be

competitive internationally.

Clearly if we haven't got

people in jobs that can read

labels, that can understand

instructions and importantly

can be a serious part of the training community, both the

individual and the industry is

at risk. Looking more closely

at the figures now. About 53%

of working-age Australians have

difficulty with numeracy skills. That's more than half

the population. 46% of adults

have trouble with reading

have trouble with reading

skills. What is going wrong? I think we're trying not to blame

anyone. We've tried that before

and it clearly doesn't work. Clearly the government,

all have a job to identify the issues and also to identify the

shortcomings earlier. I think

to allow children to get

through primary, secondary and tertiary education without those

those skills lacking requires

much Earl yeah identification

and also some ways to address them seriously get and sustain jobs. In the

report, one of the comments is

the need to change the the need to change the mindset of both employers and

employees. What does that mean

exactly. Are expectations too

high? Well, in AgriFood, for

example, we're now looking for highly technologically driven industry and

industry and agriculture, as

you know, for many years has

been dependent on research and

there is application to ensure

we maintain our productivity.

That is complete odds with capacity of some of our people

to maintain that, to be able to

read and keep up and also to

understand simple instrutions

about the use of technology. we see it for Australia and

AgriFood, for example, as a key

AgriFood, for example, as a key impediment to productivity and unless we start addressing

this, then it will go on. If

you bear in mind that Australia's productivity hasn't been growing and has been

stagnate for a number of years. And increasing technology is one of the things highlighted as for this situation. It is,

indeed, and porntly we have to be

be out front in having the best

technology to be able to technology to be able to be

competitive internationally and

importantly this impediment

where people can't read sufficiently or indeed

numerically adequate compromise

that. We now have to look to

government to get the blueprint

on what is required and porntly

to work with schools, industry

and others to ensure we do

better in the future. Arthur

Blewitt, thank you Thank you very

one of the fatherors the

Reserve Bank considers when it

meets to decide on interest

meets to decide on interest

rates tomorrow. Prices are accelerating at

pace in more than a year as the

Queensland floods pushed up

grocery costs. Prices jumped 0.6 last month, up almost 4%

for the yearnd well outside the RBA's comfort zone of 2-3%, but

when extreme price movements

were stripped out of the measure, the modest. Rising just one-third

of a percent in the

of a percent in the month. To

other stories in business - a new report shows Western

Australia could lose some of its fly-in, fly-out worker it

is a resources boom in

Queensland. According to BIS shrapnel, construction will

slow in WA next financial year

as some major projects wrap up,

while Queensland takes

while Queensland takes on people for huge

development. Adds on the ibt

Internet and in newspapers last

month rose just over 1% across

the country. And IBM may have

found a tiny solution to one of

the world's biggest health

problems. Scientists have reportedly engineered

nanoparticles that can kill the

type of bacteria that leads to staph and

staph and other infections. A

World Health Organisation spokesman says the approach, if

proven in humans, could revolutionise anti-microbe

treatment. Let's take a check

of the markets with Michael

Janda. The share market has

picked up from where it left off last week? It certainly

has, Ros. The market is on

track for its fifth gain in the row with row with the Energy Secretarior leading the way. Crude oil

prices surged in overseas trade with West Texas at

with West Texas at $108 US a

barrel and that's helped push

Woodside Hore than 1% higher to just

just under $48. Santos just under $48. Santos has

climbed just under 2% to $16.24

and overall, the All

index is up 0.75% and close to

5,000, and the ASX200 is 33

points higher at 4895. Michael, Woolworths Woolworths has announced their next boss? Yes, the

next boss? Yes, the supermarket

giant has announced a change in

leadership. It says its current

chief executive Michael

Luscombe will step down at the

end of the September. He will

have served five years at the

company's helm by that time and

he will be replaced by Grant

O'Brien who is currently the chief operating officer of

Woolies food and petrol

division. Mr O'Brien has been

with Woolworths 24 years after

with Woolworths 24 years after switching careers from being electrician to an accountant,

but investors didn't seem too

excited with at announcement.

Woolworths shares have only

gained a third of a percent in

a rising market. A rise in job

ads. Is that affecting the

market? Newspaper ads fell and

that's help Seek rise more than

half a percent to $6.73, not too many job ads at QR

National. The rail freight company says

company says it's expecting

around 660 voluntary redundancies this redundancies this year. Its

shares up 1.5%. Looking at the

other big movers in the ASX top

100:

To the week ahead To the week ahead on Wall Street, and the spree spree

index is poised to hit heights

not soon in the last three years. Traders have been buoyed

by better-than-expected jobs

figures. US employment has recorded a second straight

month of solid gains and that

drove the Dow, S&P and drove the Dow, S&P and NASDAQ

higher last week.

Brisbane's former Lord Mayor

has been officially endorsed as

leader of Queensland's Liberal National Party. Opposition party members met in Brisbane

this morning to appoint him as

their leader from outside Parliament. Campbell Newman

made the switch to State made the switch to State poll

sicks yesterday, having been

preselected to run in the

Brisbane seat of Ashgrove at

the next election. To win it,

he will have to oust government Minister Kate Jones who holds

the seat with a 7% Ireland are appealing for information into the murder of a Catholic police officer

yesterday. 25-year-old Ronan

Kerr was killed when a booby-trap device exploded

under his car in Omagh. Religious and Religious and political groups

in Ireland are united in their

condemnation of the attack. The

ABC's Rachel Brown reports. It's Mother's Day in

Ireland, but flowers for Nuala

Kerr are riving with the

community's condolences. Her

son, a new recruit to Northern

Ireland's Police Service was killed leaving

killed leaving for work. It is a sad day for the community,

and Ronan was a valued member

and had so much to and had so much to offer, and

this is at a time when we're aiming for a

force for the good of our

country and I urge all Catholic members not

members not to be deterred by this. The bombing has re-opened

scars of the #19d 98 Omagh car

bombing that killed 29 people,

planted by Irish Republicans

opposed to the peace

process. Everybody is

heartbroken for them. Nobody

in this community wants this I think we're all I think we're all very shocked. Catholics and Protestants, unionists and

Republicans are singing the

same hymn. I'm calling very directly on those who planned

or carried out this or carried out this action to

stop. There is no sense to it,

there is no merit in it, there

is no point to it, and they

should stop and stop

should stop and stop now. should stop and stop now. My understanding of understanding of my Catholic

fellow countrymen is such that

they will not be intimidated,

they will not be threatened,

they will not be bullied by

these people. Ronan Kerr is second officer to be killed since Northern Ireland's Police

Service was formed a decade ago. Commentators say the

bombing comes at a time when

Northern Ireland has rarely

been more stable, however, violent Republicans continue their their pressure, including a new

group at the for, Oglaigh na

hEireann, Irish for 'Soldiers

of Ireland'. What we know they can achieve an ability to kill, but they're

not capable of a re-run of the

IRA war. They are not as well

armed, they don't have the same

expertise. They don't have the same support either at home or

internationally. Church

leaders, politicians and

leaders, politicians and even sporting groups have told the dissidents there is no place

for them in Irish

for them in Irish society. A

new era has started to relevant the Australian cricket team

which has left for a tour of

Bangladesh under captain

Michael Clarke T will be the

first assignment for Clarke

since his appointment Ponting's replacement as skipper the Test and one-day teams. We're fortunate, I

think, that we have these three

one-dayers now, then we get a

good break so it's allowed me

to just focus on these three

to just focus on these three

one-dayers, now look too far

ahead, not to think about

changes that need to be made. The first one-day game

against Bangladesh is on Saturday. Australia's Casey Stoner

Stoner has crashed out in wet conditions at the Spanish Moto Grand Prix after champion Valentino Rossi lost

control of his bike, trying to

overtake. Rossi apologised to

Stoner after the incident-packed race. Marco Simoncelli was heading for a surprise win

surprise win when he came off,

Ben Spies crashed while running

spekd and Colin Edwards ran off

the track when also headed for

the podium. After shining a

light on parts of Tasmania's

east coast for more than 120

years, the Eddystone Point

lighthouse has been switched

off. The move has been made protect thousands of mutton birds killed by the light each

year, but not everyone is happy. For more than happy. For more than a century theer, the Eddystone Point

lighthouse has been a

life-saving beacon guiding

ships through treacherous seas,

but the light has also

decimated the bird

population Very ugly and

wildlife being killed by those numbers is not acceptable. It's

been replaced with a intensity light. The Indigenous land holders had land holders had been lobbying the Maritime Safety Authority for five years to have for five years to have the

light changed, but some say it is a blow tore Tasmania's maritime

maritime history and have slammed a lack of consultation Eddystone Point

was the last first-order light

in Tasmania. It has significant

maritime heritage values. The only

only place in Tasmania where

you could have gone to see a local first-order

local first-order light. Local

fishermen also have concerns You would have thought

a human life would have more

importance than mutton bird's life. Ed life. Ed Eddystone lighthouse

has been one that has killed

many over many years. The

beacon has been trialed during

this year's mutton bird season.

It's hoped it will boost sheer water water numbers. I believe that

they will find there has been

no birds killed and so it will

be a plus and hopefully they

will agree to go down this track in

there have been no mutton bird deaths

deaths since the new light was installed. The Australian

Maritime Safety Authority will

consider switching the main

light back on after the mutton

bird season. To the weather now

- the sat light - the sat light shows thick

cloud over the north-west

tropics caused by a developing

low, the swathe of cloud across

the north generated by a

trough, and cloud over the

coastal south-east in brisk

keep southerly winds. A high should

clear and dry, while sending

winds and showers onto the east

coast. A potential cyclone will

cause heavy rains and storms in

capitals: the north-west and around the

And a final check of the

markets:

That's the news for now.

Our next full bulletin on ABC1

is at 7 o'clock this evening.

I'm Ros Childs. Thanks for joining us. Have joining us. Have a great

afternoon.

Closed Captions by CSI.

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