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ABC Midday Report -

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Live. World leaders focus on

big-picture reform, but the PM

has worries at home. Our domestic debate, however, at

the moment is overshadowed by

about mortgage rate community concern and anxiety

increases. The Defence

Department concedes it is

carnival is over for passengers running short of

on the cruise from hell. There are people getting sick,

vomiting in the food area and

so the whole food area smelled like vomit and spoiled milk. And it's surprising what milk. And

you can do with a paper plane

and a little ingenuity. We just

came up with an idea in a pub

and went ahead and did it.

Hello and welcome to ABC News

across Australia. I'm Ros

Childs. On the local share market, the miners are making

the best of a lack-lustre day:

More finance later in the

bulletin. The leaders of the G20 group of nations get down

to business today. Top of the

agenda is easing global economic imbalances and that

includes looking at rules and regulations for financial institutions. It is an issue

that could undermine the profitability of Australia's banks, but the Prime Minister

has warned the big four not to

use that as an excuse to slug

customers with higher rates reports. It's another fees. Stephanie Kennedy

red-carpet day as the Prime

Minister strode onto the international stage once again. The South Koreans are hosting

a line-up of world leaders for

this meeting of the major rich

and developing nations, but ahead of the summit, Julia

Gillard fired another salvo at Australia's banks, warning them that using international

financial reforms at this

meeting is not an excuse to

raise interest rates. Our the moment is overshadowed by

community concern and anxiety

about mortgage rate increases,

and as a result, the Government is moving to is moving to increase

competition in our banking

sector. We want to better

empower consumers to move away

from banks when they are unhappy with their banking

arrangements and believe that

they are being rip off. Her

at message was carefully targeted

at one audience member in particular, particular, ANZ's CEO, the

latest bank to hierk rates

above the official rate rise. I

understand the concerns and I

think as a consumer you always

want something for a little

less. I mean, I think that's

just a natural..., um... you

know, just a natural view. But

I actually feel that the

customers in Australia get

pretty good value for the

services that they have. But

the bank chief acknowledges

customers simply don't agree. I think

well is explain ourselves in as

transparent as we should have been. I think people don't mind

paying a fee for a service if

they think value for it. The Prime they think that they're getting

Minister now wants to shift the

focus onto international

issues. The leaders will try to

nut out an agreement on easing

the global economic imbalances,

and as part of that deal, Ms

Gillard will be pressing for

greater free trade and maintaining floating currencies. On

currencies. On the sidelines of

the summit, Julia Gillard and way for sales of uranium to the

Russia for use in its civil

nuclear power industry. Ms

Gillard says the deal will Russia reduce its greenhouse

gas emissions by diversifying its

its energy sources and shifting

away from a reliance on fossil

fuels, and she added there

would be more export

opportunities for Australia,

and in turn that will create

suppliers. jobs for Australia's uranium

suppliers. Australia's Defence Force has conceded it is facing

to support men and women a shortage of

deployed overseas. It's looking for 200 health personnel to

fill the gap, but a Reservist

doctor has told the ABC doctor has told the ABC low

uniformed health personnel out morale is driving many

of the military and hamper being international missions. While Australian

front forces risk their lives on the

front line, they're backed by

an army of medical personnel

according to one serving trained to save lives, but

doctor, the Defence Force's

medical capacity does not have a good bill of health. The

diagnosis from Army Reservist

and practising GP Julian Fidge

is alarming. The ADF is in straits with the health

personnel, and the consequences

are that the ADF can probably no longer conduct operations. Captain Fidge has

tried unsuccessfully to lodge

his concerns with superiors and

is now breaking ranks to speak

out publicly. I was charged with insubordination and found not guilty, and I'm still

waiting to hear the outcome of

any further charges. He claims

from the top ranks down, the ADF didn't respect its medical

officers, and doesn't pay them

enough, prompting many to

leave. I think they are successful with their

recruiting, but I think their

lack of retention speaks volumes. The Defence Force

denies uniformed medical

specialists are treated poorly,

but it concedes it's facing a

shortage of full-time professionals. This year it's

looking to fill around 200

current and future needs. In officer positions to meet

total we have over 4,000 in

fact health care fact health care providers

within Defence, and they are

certainly sufficient to support

our current operations and any contingencies. But to meet

requirements, the Defence Force relies heavily on civilian

health contractors, and that's

a trend Dr Fidge finds

disturbing. And I heard

significant accepting their level of health

care. We employ a lot of

contractors around the country

and we're very pleased with the

level of service provided by

our krr contractors. Captain

Fimg Fidge now wants Port to

investigate what he calls a

critically weakened state of the Australian Defence

Force. Haiti's cholera crisis

is intensifying with a soaring

death toll and signs of a rapid

spread across the national

capital. Large queues have

handing out water and formed where aid agencies are

rehydration supplies to counter

the highly con stage youse water-borne disease. water-borne disease. The death

toll has passed 700. Most cases

have been in rural have been in rural areas but 10

people have now died in Port-au-Prince and officials

are now concerned about a surge

in people with the symptoms in

the capital, especially in

unhygienic refugee camps packed with earthquake survivors. We

have to continue, I think, to

plan for an increasingly

serious outbreak. We have to do what we can front of this. Treatment

centres have been over whelm ed

and staff have been forced to choose which patients to

treat. Blocked toilets, spoilt

food and no airconditions were not exactly what 4,000

passengers had in mind when

they embarked on a luxury

cruise off Mexico, but that's

what they got thanks to an

engine room fire on the

'Carnival Splendor'. Their

cruise blues finally ended when

the ship docked in sand yea go

after four days most would

rather forget. North America correspondent Craig McMurtrie reports. The 'Carnival

Splendor' hardly lived up to its name. Twice the size of the

'Titanic', it was towed into

sand yea go, dead in the water.

The four-day ordeal for

thousands on board finally

over. This is our first time.

It can't be any worse than

this. You think about

'Titanic' and Lost and those

kind of shows, but we were

fine. It could have been a lot

worse. Instead of a lazy 7-day

cruise, a fire crippled an

engine room, taking out power

and with it airconditioning, hot

hot food and water, and for

most of the first day, the

ship's plumbing. The floor was

saturated with faeces and the ladies were coming out

of the bathroom and telling us

stories with red stuff in the toilets, really wret

ched. Those without windows

to get by in near total

darkness. There were no lights.

Even the backup light was on

for, what, 15 minutes? Yes And

then that went down. More than

20 Australians were among the

4,500 people stranded on board.

Passengers say the smell was at

times overwhelming and there

were long lines for the limited

cold food. When supplies ran low,

low, the US Navy low, the US Navy came to the

rescue, flying in emergency

rations, including Spam.

Carnival officials have repeatedly apologised,

promising a refund and

complementary tickets. For

passengers like Donna Hobbs, there was thinking

time. (Sings) our ship could

only float

# Bathrobes were worn

throughout the float

# On the four-day return Her dream holiday more like a Gilligan's island nightmare. The family of the

23-year-old Australian man

convicted of murder in Bulgaria

says he is feeling more

confident in the appeal process after today's hearing. A police

witness told the court that Jock

Jock Palfreeman was acting in self-defence when he pulled a

knife on a group of Bulgarian

youths almost three years ago,

killing one man. Europe correspondent Emma Alberici has

this report from the Bulgarian

capital. Jock Palfreeman knows

this corridor all too well. And the brutal force of

the Bulgarian justice system.

He wants his original murder conviction overturned on the

grounds that the legal process

was flawed. Andrei Monov was

killed by Jock Palfreeman's

knife, pulled according to

witnesses to defend himself

against a group of Bulgarian

youths. Five witnesses had

originally agreed that the

Australian had gone to the aid

of a Roma gypsy who was being

attacked. The appeal court was

finally allowed to ask one of

the youths why he had changed

his story during the trial. His

previous very first statements

he had said there had been a

fight between the gypsies and

the victims. And this time he

said there was merely a

fuss? Yes. What does that mean? You tell me. Jock Palfreeman's father has

travelled to the Bulgarian

capital more than 20 times. He

feels encouraged by the police

witness whose excuse for

changing his story passage of time had made him

forget. He now says that Jock

Palfreeman was acting in

self-defence. I do feel this court appears much court appears much more

professional and I guess we

just have to be quietly hopeful

that this will progress into a

much better outcome for

Jock. As the 23-year-old

Australian makes his way back

to his cell, the hunt resumes

for three other witnesses who

have gone missing. It was on this busy street Sofia three years ago that the

lives of two families changed

for good. One hopes to get

their son back, the other never will. Andrei Monov's parents are appealing are appealing the original

sentence, too. They want Jock

Palfreeman in jail for life

with no parole.

Qantas says it's not

planning to fly its A380s until it's certain they're safe which

could be at least a fortnight away.

away. European authorities now say an oil fire in one of the plane's Rolls Royce engines

could have sparked last week's midair drama over Indonesia. Grounded until further notice - the Qantas

fleet of flagship A380s are

still being checked after last

week's catastrophic failure of

a Rolls Royce Trent 900 engine. Qantas says passenger

disruption also be minimal. The

airline has 250 aircraft,

including 26 Boeing 747s which

are now covering the A380 flights for at least the next

fortnight. Unfortunately we are unable to tell our passengers

when the A380 would be back in the air. Europe's Air Safety

Authority has found the

preliminary

preliminary cause of the

incident. In an emergency

airworthiness directive it says:

The EASA says if not

detected this condition could

ultimately result in

uncontained engine failure. And

that's exactly what happened with with large parts of the engine

casing piercing the wing and

raining down on the Indonesian island of Batam. Aviation

engineers say this is an engine design fault that can design fault that can be easily

fixed. Many say Qantas is very

lucky the engine disintegration

was not worse and that the oil

fire was not closer to the fuel

tank. While the Qantas incident investigation is under way, the

European Aviation Safety Agency

is demanding repetitive Trent 900 inspections. Singapore

Airlines has replaced engines on three of its

A380s. Rolls Royce is yet to

make a public comment on its

faulty engines. Generation Y

might sometimes get a bad might sometimes get a bad rap ,

but the best and brightest of

Australian's young kree a tiffs

say they have hard work to

thank for their successes. 10 Australians under 30 took home

top honours at the Spirit of

Youth Awards last night.

25-year-old fashion designer

Dion Lee was credited saviour of Australian Fashion

Week this year for his

innovative creations. It's

loving what you do and think

that it really is possible to make it work if you are that driven. Sydney student s Freya

Berkhout and Alyx Dennison took

out the music award after

forming their outfit Queue for

a uni band competition. We

wrote all the songs for the

competition and so it wall a bit ser Ren dip bit ser Ren dip tous. The

winners receive a year-long the week for the market? It

does, Ros. The banks are

offsetting the miners' gains today. National Australia Bank

is trading without its dividend

and more than and more than 3% lower and

still yet to see any movement

on mortgage rates from it or

Westpac. Rio Tinto is up more

than 1%, but the ASX200 is flat

and the All Ordinaries isn't moving much either. Primary

Health Care is slashing 29 # 0

full-time positions T has pathology funds. Shares in Primary are up nearly 6%. Myer

shares are Faulding. The retailer's first-quarter sales

are down 1.5% from the same

time last year. Meanwhile, the

jobs website Seek says this

year will be difficult with

marketing costs on the rise.

Seek has dived more than

6%. What's the latest in deal

news? Goodman Fielder which makes brand

marriage rein and bread. The

competition regulator has

turned its nose up at a deal

and Goodman's shares are down

3% and APA has

in the 680km gas pipeline between Victoria and South

Australia for $46 million. Its

shares are marginally higher.

Small investors have just a few

more hours to buy into the

float of QR National. The float closing today. Ty

other big movers in the ASX

100: Bling

Onto Wall Street, and the technology company Cisco

Systems rattled the market.

China indicated it might hike

its interest rates to rein in

inflation.

Reaching the age of 100 is something more thand more

Australians are doing, Australians are doing, just

over 3,000 are into triple number is expected to balloon

to 50,000 by the year 2050. The secrets of longevity are the

subject of Australia's first conference on conference on centenarians.

Living to 100 - The Science and

The Art is being held at the University of New South

University of New South Wales.

Professor Leonard Poon is the

keynote speaker and he has been

studying centenarians for two

decades. We really do need and what we can do about it, the personality, the so-called

filter that you use in looking at things that's happening to

you, how well you cope, what

you've learned over you've learned over your

lifetime - those are also very

important. Your relationship

and people that are supporting

you and your resources. So

there are an awful lot of factors involved, and of course

everybody wants to live a long

but healthy life. What proportion

able to live a life that they

enjoyed? About one-third of the

people was really doing well.

They're cognitively intact, they're living in a community. One-third unfortunately is not

doing well at all. They may

have severe cases of dementia

and they may be even vegetative

and one-third somewhere in the

middle. Leonard Poon, you're in

your late 60s. Have you changed

your lifestyle at result of what you've learnt

from your research and do you

think you will make it to

100? When I was younger I was a

very active researcher and I

still am. I was still am. I was a very driven

type individual, type A, but I

find myself mellowing over time

- more flexible, more

accepting, and perhaps try to

enjoy life as much as I can. Do

you think you will get to

100? I don't think I will, but

I'm going to try to enjoy it as long as I can. Why not? Well, have to be lucky, I think

that's very important. Also,

too, my parents lived to be in

the 70s and 80s, and so I may

have the genes that could perhaps help me to be 100. So

the secret it a long and

healthy and happy life is

luck? Well, that is certainly

one of the ingredients. I think

you could have all of the

potential of being 100 and you cross the street and you got

hit by a car. Then that would shorten your Leonard Poon, thank you. OK,

thank you. An investigation is

under way into the fatal police

shooting of a man in the

north-west of New South Wales. The man thought to be

Aboriginal was shot twice by

police last night in the town

of Collarenebri. It is alleged

the 44-year-old assaulted

someone, rammed a police car

and threatened officers with a

tyre lever when he was

cornered. That person pursued

an attack upon police. Police

have tempted to subdue

incident by use of capsicum

spray and Taser. That was

unsuccessful. Event Wally, in order to stop the direct threat

of a police officer, that man

was shot. Unfortunately he

at the scene. A report is being prepared for the

coroner. China's voracious

appetite for growth has come at

the cost of wiping out much of

its cultural heritage, but a

unique half-century project is

aiming to preserve some of its

distinctive imperial

architecture for generations to come. Enrique from Beijing. A 400-year-old

home is being torn down in

central China. Since China's economic miracle began three

decades ago, this has been an

all-too-common sight, but this

house isn't destined for the scrap pile at so many others

have been, it's one of many

Ming dynasty bought by Bai

Shiyuan. He says it's important

to respect past life. today's China that 1,000 cities have

have the same face. Every city

here looks pretty much the

same. He began his collection

in the mid-'80s. Only now has he

he earned enough money to begin

rebuilding his houses. Much of

his investment has gone into

training a team of traditional

artisan s whose job it is to

replace parts of the houses

that haven't stood up to the ravages of time. TRANSLATION:

TRANSLATION: The process is

really complicated and detailed work.

mind on every single little

detail. But Mr Bai says it has

been worth the 25 years of

TRANSLATION: The destruction of

these houses is a dissident

sound in the development of

China's society. But the

project is only half

project is only half finished.

Over the next 25 years he wants

to rebuild 10 complete Wei villages, five in China and five

five overseas. But this is just

a trial run

old bricks and beams will stand

up to the modern rigours of

life and which will need replacing. When they're done

here, she will be torn down

again and rebuilt somewhere

else. To other stories making news around the world. A massive car bomb blast has

ripped through Karachi, ripped through Karachi, killing

at least 15 people and injuring

dozens more. The building is

used to hold and interrogate militants, including those from

banned organisations. The blast

left a 4m deep 86-year-old alleged mafia

patriarch has been gunned down

at his Montreal home in Canada.

Police believe it was difficult

to say how much clout Rizwan ri

still had within his clan, but

he was a symbolic and revered

figure. And the Italian

Government has re-opened the

Temple of Venus in Rome after

26 years of restoration work.

The temple dates from 141 AD

and it's the most famous in the city's Roman forum. Hollywood

is mourning the loss its great producers, Dino De

Laurentiis. He worked on

'Serpico' as well as re-makes

of classics like Khong and

'Flash Gordon'. He rose to

prominent in Italy's post war

cinema boom winning an Oscar for his collaboration with

Federico Fellini on 'La Strada'. Dino De Laurentiis

died in Los Angeles overnight. He was 91. The decade-long

cinema adventure known as Harry Potter

Potter is coming to an end.

Fans have

London for a red-carpet glim fs

of the characters they've grown

up with for the premier of the

last part of the series. 'Harry

Potter and the Deathly Hallows' is broken into two parts with

the final instalment due for

release next July. London's

broady sky and whistling winds

set a fitting stage for this

penultimate film about a child

wizard's fight against the dark

arts. MOVIE REEL: Harry

Potter, come. The stars started as fans have loved to hate, learnt

of his part at an athletics

meet and swamped his javelin

for a wand. Malfoy is more misunderstood child, I

think. They've grown up on set

and have been part of a 10-year film phenomenon that has

overtaken the James Bond

juggernaut. I was given this mind-blowing opportunity at the age

age of 11 to not just to work

with these amazing actors but

also to have a chance to learn

on the job. It just felt

mine. The first six films have

accrued $5.6 billion in box

office takings and have been

shown in 85

Potter's School of Hogwarts is

set in the real world which

fans say makes escapism

easier. MOVIE REEL: I must be

the one to kill Harry

Potter. We know they're like

there literally, right there.

We've been here about six

hours, yes, it's been raining

and everything. We have our umbrellas. Some dedicated fans

were so keen to catch a glimpse

of their idols, they camped out

in the rain last night in a bid

to be first in line for this red carpet event. They're

hoping Harry Potter's final

showdown is every bit the

roller-coaster ride it has been

for its stars. Sergio Garcia is

thrilling crowds and climbing

the leaderboard on the second

day of the Australian Masters.

The Spaniard has handled the

gusty conditions well to be 4

under for the day and 2 under for the day and 2 under for the tournament. English-based Melburnian Daniel

Gaunt followed on from where he

left off yesterday and is 5 under par, just one behind Alistair Presnall Alistair Presnall and Adam

Bland who have just started

their second

rounds. COMMENTATOR: Look at

the hop that that took, like a kangaroo! Colombian Camilo

Villegas is 1 under par thanks

to this putt on the 13th. It's

not on the scale of the Russians, putting the first man

into space or putting the first man on the

moon, but a group of British enthusiasts believe that

they've restored some national

credibility by launching the

first ever paper plane into

space. It was an idea dreamt up

in the pub. Blow up a helium

balloon, attach an aeroplane

made of paper, find a

lightweight pilot and send it

town the edge of

space. Somewhere over Spain let

the helium balloon pop and see

what the camera captures as glides back down to Earth. The

results are astonishing. The curvature of the Earth,

normally seen from rockets normally seen from rockets and

shuttles, now shot from a paper

aeroplane at 80,000 feet. The

three Brits behind the program

are not scieb 'tises, and the

footage exceeded all their

expectations. We were amazed.

We had hand warmers strapped to

the cameras because it's minus

60 degrees up there but we

thought the batteries would

pack up after about or an hour. In fact, they lasted for hour and a half. Once the plane came back

down to Earth, the question was

how would they find it? Well,

the team designed this special

tracker device, devised not at

NASA headquarters but at this

house outside Torquay. It's the

home of amateur radio

enthusiast Steve Daniels who spent

spent a year preparing spent a year preparing for lift-off. We are just normal

guys. Came up with an idea in a

pub and just went ahead and did

it and that's probably the

bigger appeal to people. How

did you know what to do? A

it was, "Can this work? Can we

do this?" The plane was found

in a forest 100 miles from the

launch site. The team now hopes

to start a

other teams to go higher and

get even more startling

images. A look at the weather

now - the satellite shows cloud

from trough - from troughs over

Queensland and the south-east crossing South Australia ahead

of a front and cloud cover over

the south-west ahead of a

trough and a low. Wide showers and storms across

Tasmania, Queensland and the

Northern Territory. Easterly

winds will deliver showers to

the Queensland coast. Warm

north easterlies will redevelop

in WA. Around the capitals:

A final check of the markets:

And that's the news for now.

Our next full bulletin

is at 7 o'clock this evening.

I'm Ros Childs, have a good

afternoon and a great weekend.

See you Monday. Closed Captions by CSI. THEME MUSIC HORN BLARES (HUMS)