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(generated from captions) This Program is Captioned Live. Tonight - after nine

years of war, parliament

debates our Afghanistan

mission. the surging dollar

buys some time, but you can

bank on more rate rises. Carl

Williams' cell mate

Williams' cell mate identified

as his alleged killer. And an

outbreak of peace in the long-running war over Tasmania's forests. Good

evening. Welcome to ABC I'm Virginia Haussegger. It's

a war that's cost 21 Australian

lives and now for the first

time Australia's political

leaders are officially debating

the country's role in a decade-long Afghanistan

conflict. The Prime Minister

has flagged that Australia will

remain there for another decade. Julia Gillard also

warned Australians to brace for

more casualties and hard days

ahead. Chief political

correspondent Mark

Simkin. The The Prime

Minister Parliament's a new

front in an old war. Mr Speaker, the international

community has been in

Afghanistan a long time. Too long for some. The Australian

people - This war to

continue. The police removed

the protestor. As the Prime

case for Minister continued to make a

involvement. The transition

will take some years. We will

at least. Julia Gillard be engaged through this decade

insisted Australia's resources

and troop numbers are about

right. For Australia's

national interests in

must be no safe haven for Afghanistan are clear, there

terrorists, we must stand

firmly by our ally, the United

States. The Prime Minister also

stood by the troops killed so

far. I look forward to the

deliberations of this

parliamentary debate on

Afghanistan and I hope we do

our duty as well as they do

theirs. Mr Speaker, I present

my statement to the Parliament.

Hear hear! It's one thing the

leaders can agree on.

Afghanistan has been the

central front in the most important civilisational

struggle of our times. War

should never be popular, but it

can sometimes be right. An

overwhelming number of MPs

making this large ly a debate in name only. Still, the

Greens and key Independent are

opposed and some backbenchers

on both sides are considering

cont digting their leaders.

I'd like to see our troops back home within months. Mal

Washer wants an immediate strategy. We've lost 21

people, 152 injured. To train

a force we don't know who we're

giving that force to, that to

me is insane and irresponsible.

Mr Speaker, the best exit

strategy is to win. The debate

will continue next week and

next, nine years after the war

began. As the debate unfolded

in parliament, it emerged that

Australian troops had shot dead

another Afghan civilian. It

happened in August, but the

details only came to light

today during a Senate inquiry.

The chief of the defence acting in self-defence and have

Marshal Angus Houston was been cleared, but Air Chief

challenged by coalition

senators over another deadly

incident that's resulted in charges against three soldiers. Stephanie Kennedy reports from Canberra. Two months ago an

Afghan local approached an

Australian patrol and raised a machine-gun in a threatening

manner. The soldiers

challenged the man twice in the

the local language before firing

the deadly shots. The review

determined that the ADF

officers acted lawfully in self-defence Three other

Australian soldiers have been

charged over another incident.

Early last year a night-time

raid claimed the lives of six civilians, including five

facing children. One of the trio is

facing a manslaughter charge.

Troops both on and off the

battle field are angry. Some

have signed an on line

petition. There's also been

the criticism from the opposition

adequate the three haven't been given

experience will be spared to

ensure these soldiers have access to the legal representation of their

choice. And he mounted an ex-tensive defence over defence's handling of the

charges. We've given them

every bit of support that we

could. The chief of army has

bent over backwards to ensure

that they have everything that

they need in this difficult

time for them. Liberal senators

grilled the top brass over the

process. Leading the charge was the shadow Defence

Minister. I'm asking questions

and I need to be told whether

the processes that I perceive

as being legitimate ly

available to defence have been

not a lot of satisfaction After proceeded with and I'm getting

copping flak from Liberal

senators, the chief of the

defence force fired off his own

salvo. He blasted opposition calls for tax, not suited to the task nor

terrain. He dismissed the coalition calls for more

troops. Mortgage holders are

living on borrowed time. The

Reserve Bank says the decision

to raise interest rates is fine

surprising decision to keep ly balanced and this month's

them on hold could easily have

gone the other way. Analysts

now expect high interest rates

before the new year. Finance

correspondent Phillip Lasker.

The experts got it wrong this

month when they expected

interest rates to rise, but today's Reserve Bank board minutes explaining that

surprise decision hasn't dampened expectations. It's

not a question of if interest rates in Australia go higher,

it's a question of when. The

board minutes said a case could

be made to increase the cash

rate, but that the arguments

for or against an increase were finally balanced. The decided it could wait finally balanced. The board

on the domestic front, households were not borrowing

as much and the Australian

dollar was helping squeeze the

economy, but there was another

major reason for caution.

Concerns about the US economy

and whether that's going to

provide some more downside

risks to their growth

outlook. But the RBA also warned it could wait

indefinitely to see if the

risks materialised. It all

points to a focus on the

domestic economy and the

importance of next week's

inflation number s. A weaker

number might buy a bit more

grace for mortgage holders.

That would give the bank a lot

more room on the interest rate front. The alternative could be

a Melbourne Cup day rate rise

with an extra sting. If the Reserve

Reserve Bank does raise Reserve Bank does raise the

cash rate in November, or if

not then in Des December, we

will see the major banks move

by a greater amount, probably

by an extra 0.1% or 0.15% over

and above what does. It's hard to believe RBA

officials will continue talking

the tough interest rate talk without walking the walk.

Victorian police say they are

their investigation into the death of crime boss Carl

Williams is opening doors to a variety of other criminal

matters. Today the courts

lifted a suppression order on

the identity of his alleged

killer, but there was no

comment on allegations that

prison guards were playing

cricket when Williams was

bashed to death in a maximum

security unit. It's been six

months since Carl Williams was bashed

bashed in his prison cell. His alleged

alleged killer was charged

within 24 hours, but three

separate inquiries still

continue to probe the circumstances surrounding his

murder. Assistant commissioner

sir Ken Jones is overseeing one

of them. It's pretty

interesting some of the stuff we're turning of the myths I've heard out

there this is over, it's become

a dead end, they're wrong.

It's leading us into very

interesting areas Police

corruption is one area being

looked into. Today the court

order protecting the identity

of Carl Williams' alleged

murderer was lifted. He is

Matthew Charles Johnston cht as

his name was revealed, the correctional services

department was facing reports

that guards at Barwon prison

played cricket when they should

have been watching inmates.

The Victorian corrections

commissioner has denied any knowledge of guards playing

cricket. Police too have

revealed whether it's come up during their investigation, but

Sir Ken Jones is adamant police

are exhausting every avenue of

inquiry. We need to wait until the investigations have indeed concluded. OPI are

oversighting our investigation.

When we do come forward the public with an explanation, we'll have OPI next to us An

explanation is likely to be

many months away. It's a deal designed to end Tasmania's

decades-old forest wars. After

five months of private

negotiations, the State's timber industry has reached an agreement with environmentalists to stop the

divisive practice of logging

old growth forests. In return,

the conservationist s have

dropped their opposition to a

pulp mill. For 30 years

Tasmania has been a forestry

battle ground. Any unnecessary force

force will result in an assault

charge Conservationists have

taken to the streets, trying to stop the logging for stop the logging for woodchips

that are exported overseas.

The bitter war has reached a

turning point. After five

months of behind closed doors

negotiating, 10 logging and conservation organisations made

an historic agreement, one the

Tasmanian Premier hopes will

hale old wounds. I believe

I've been handed the best I've been handed the best and

most precious opportunity that this community has had in

decades to heal old wounds.

Certainly the first time, as far as I know, that industry,

union and environment groups

have been on the same page. It

would It would seem

extraordinary to most pebs in

this House you would ever find

an agreement involving all of

those parties The deal commits

both sides of the forestry

debate to halt logging in high

conservation forests within

three months. Large tracks of

very contentious old growth forests. It's a big breakthrough The moratorium

can't be implemented until it

has the support of both State

and federal Governments. The

parties involved are seeking an

end to all native forest

logging in the State, but the transition to a

expected to take decades expected to take decades and

could cost $1 billion. Even

though they're losing jobs,

they are aware that a

transition into a viable,

sustainable industry is better

than the future that they're

facing at the moment. The deal means conservationists will

support a plantation-fuelled

pulp mill in Tasmania, but not

necessarily the guns mill

proposed for the tamar Valley.

The ACT Government and the

Greens are hailing it as

historic legislation, but the

Opposition says it's a step too

far. The Legislative Assembly

has started debating the

Government's 40% greenhouse

reduction target. The

Environment Minister says the

2020 target is achievable, but

there's concern about the cost

to consumers. ACT political reporter Julie Doyle. The

Environment Minister was happy

to adopt a new look for the

occasion. So this is a very

important day for the ACT and

the

place a robust target, a target

that can be achieved. Most of

Canberra's emissions come from

transport and energy use in

buildings. To trim off 40%,

the Government will also look

at ways to make households more

energy efficient. The Greens

are right behind are right behind the ambitious

target. So to those who say

"why bother", to those who say

it won't make any difference, I

say, "On what grounds can you justify your

indifference?" With the

Government and Greens on side,

the emissions target will pass

into law probably later this

week. The Opposition wants a

reduction, but only 30%, on the

grounds the Government's plan

will push up electricity

prices. We need to make sure

it is sensible, it is

reasonable and that the cost

impacts are carefully

considered. The Government says

it will help low-income earners

adjust to any changes and it

does have some community support. support. It's historic on the

national scale, it's historic

federally. This is one of the

best targets of a city in

Australia. It's a big step for

policy and planning in the ACT

itself for the next few

years. More details of how the Government plans to meet the

emissions target will be released next year. As debate

continues oifr over the pros and cons

and cons of a carbon price, a new study shows internationally

we're already behind in the

clean economy. Our major trading partners already have a

price on carbon and the study

warns business here risks

losing out in a multi-billion

dollar market. Here's environment reporter Sarah Clarke. Mining giant BHP

Billiton led the charge calling

for a carbon price. There

really is no easy answer. Now a

new study has found Australia's big trading partners are

already a step ahead. Australia's at the back of the

pack and unless we get a direct

price in, we are going to be economically disadvantaged as we move to the low-carbon economy. The international

report card assessed six

economies carbon in the

electricity market. The European Union

European Union has had one for

at least five years. In the UK

it's around $29 per tonne

carbon. In the US it's around

$5 and in China it's $5 and in China it's $14.

China in particular has made a

strategic decision it wants to

dominate the next industrial revolution, the low-carbon

industrial revolution The key

driver in Australia is the

renewable energy target of 20%

by 2020, but accounting firm

KPMG says business needs to

take the next step. It's

pretty clear we're falling

behind our trading partners and

competitors, and the failure to

put a price on carbon is going

to limit our capacity to attract investment. The Federal

Government agrees. In our economy,

not only create an incentive to

reduce pollution, but it will

also provide certainty for

investment by the business

community. But the Australian Industry Group says the

transition must be well

planned. It means we have to

competitive proof it.

Otherwise jobs will be lost in Australia. On past record

there's still a long political

path to go down before

Australia gets a carbon price. The Federal Government's climate change round table will help make the final decision,

but it seems now all parties

agree it's not a matter of if

but when. To finance, and

there's speculation tonight

that James Packer has launched

a raid on a Channel 10. Two

hours after the market closed,

a trade for just over $163

million network 10 shares was

made. The unidentified trader

bought them at $1.50

closing price. The deal

equates to a 15.6% stake in the

company. Meanwhile, both the Australian dollar and local

share market marked time today,

despite solid gains on Wall

Street overnight. Here's Alan

Kohler. Global markets are in

a holding pattern at the moment

waiting for Melbourne Cup day,

not because they not because they want to know whether Cummings or Waterhouse

will win but because there are two big Central Bank meetings

that day. One big one and one

big for us, the Reserve Bank of

Australia, which will probably

put up interest rates. The

other one is the US Federal Reserve board, which is

expected to to announce more

stimulus; that is, freshly

printed new money. If both of

those things happen, the Aussie

dollar will probably go above

parity then and might do it

beforehand. Today the dollar was steady against the greenback, down slightly

against the Euro and up against

the yen. On the subject of the

Australian currency, here's a

graph that displays the closest

correlation with it that I've

yet seen, and goes against everything I just said. It's

the dollar and Asian shares.

The explanation is that global investors see Australia as a

proxy for investing in Asia.

So whereas individual Asian

stock markets don't go up and

down in sync because of various

local influences, on they exactly match the Australian dollar. In other

words, what's driving the

Aussie dollar is not Australian interest rates or American

money printing but Asian share

prices. Today the local market

closed roughly steady, while

the markets in the US, U kmplt

and rur op all rose overnight.

Highlights here included falls

of 1.5% by Telstra, Qantas and

AMP, while guns shares jumped

22% after the signing of a new

agreement in Tasmania, while

McMahon holdings dropped 21%

because of a profit warning.

On commodity markets, gold fell

a bit, silver went up and the crude 2%. That's finance. The ACT's

building industry could be set

for an overhaul in response to

community concerns about shoddy

practices. A report tabled in the

the assembly recommends tighter

controls over the industry,

including more mandatory

inspections and better training

for subcontractors. In the long are term, though, I think it's important that we look at overhauling the building

legislation, but that's not

something that you can do in a

matter of weeks. That

obviously involves a more detailed consideration. The

Government is also considering

a new insurance scheme to provide greater protection for

home owners. A coroner has

heard a boy shot dead by police

in Melbourne two years ago rang

triple 0 himself and urged

officers to kill him in the

moments leading up to his

death. The death of 15-year-old Tyler Cassidy has

renewed debate about the use of

tasers and how police deal with

people with mental illnesses. James Bennett reports. As Tyler

Cassidy marched towards four

police officers armed with two

butchers knives at a skate park

in December 2008 he shouted at

them you'll have to kill me,

I'll shoot you, just f'ing

shoot me. He was doused with whole can of capsicum spray,

but it didn't deter him. As

Cassidy continued, sergeant

Dods fired a shot into the

grounds as a warning, then shot

at his thighs and chest. Two other officers also other officers also opened

fire. In all, 10 bullets were

fired, six hit the teenager.

He died a few minutes later.

Tragically, it almost exactly

the same time Cassidy's mother

was calling police telling them

she was concerned for the

safety of her son, who she said

had left home agitated and

screaming that he was going to

kill someone or the police

would kill him. Counsel

assisting the coroner told the

court she'd struggled to

contain his behaviour after the death of his father in 2004.

She was one of four people to

call triple 0 about the boy

that night. Another was Tyler

Cassidy himself. He told dispatches there's a psycho

path with a gun, you'd better

come down here and shoot him

dead. The inquest also heard

that another eyewitness has

come forward, a man known

as Tom has told an officer that

he made certain observations on

the night Tyler Cassidy died.

It's not yet clear whether

he'll give evidence. Police procedures and Tyler's state of

mind will be the focus of the

five-week inquest. Christchurch has been hit with one of the strongest

aftershocks yet since last

month's huge earthquake. The

latest tremor measured 4.7 on

the Richter scale, but felt much stronger because it was

closer to the earth's surface.

Officers in the city were

immediate ly evacuated. Many

buildings briefly lost power,

but there was no major damage. The

already frayed nerves,

including at this downtown hair

salon. I just grabbed the

girls and I was shaking, I'm

still shaking. I don't know

how to describe it. It was

like the first one. I won't

forget that appointment in a

long time. It was a big

one. Those caught on the top

floors of high rises say they

had the worst of it. It was

like being a jack-in-a-box,

just up and down, just freaky.

I went to go in the doorway,

but that wouldn't have

helped. In the past six weeks,

Christchurch has been hit by

nearly 2,000 aftershocks. It's

on for young and old in France.

Plans to raise the retirement

age are being fiercely opposed

by all sections of the

community. Student protestors

have fought running battles

with police. Strikes by

refinery workers have disrupted

of fuel shortages has led to

panic buying. Rachael Brown reports. Heated clashes between

students and police have

continued overnight in the

inner suburbs of Paris. The

French Government wants to

raise the retirement age from

60 to 62. And the state

pension age from 65 to 67.

Workers at France's 12 oil

refineries have remained on

strike for the 7th day and

queues continue to grow at

petrol stations as panic buying

escalates. TRANSLATION: I've

been looking for petrol since a

quarter to 8 this morning.

This must be the 10th or 11th

station I've been to. Truck drivers have joined the

protest, clogging motor ways

near Lille, Paris and Lyon.

And ships bringing in crude oil

for refining are stranded off

Marseille as the docker s

strike continues. The

control. TRANSLATION: This

reform is essential. France is

committed to it. France will

carry it out. But with the

country already struggling with

deficit problems, comment ators

say the credibility of

President sark sark faces one

of its greatest of its greatest tests. The

French Senate is expected to

comfortably pass the pension reform legislation on Wednesday. In the Philippines,

at least 10 people are dead and

a state of calamity has been

declared after a powerful

typhoon. Winds gusting at 250

kilometres an hour lashed the northern farming region as

super Typhoon Megi swept in

from the sea. The category 5 system caused power cuts, triggered landslides and

unroofed homes across the

country side. Thousands of

people had to be evacuated,

with schools and local churches turned

turned into emergency shelters. Typhoon Megi is believed to be

the most powerful storm this

year. It's now tracking

towards China's southern coast.

Out with one big name, in with

another. Lote Tuqiri has

replaced the injured Jarryd

Hayne in Australia's team for the Four Nations Rugby League

tournament. The Wests Tigers

winger joined the Kangaroos

squad this afternoon, Haines being ruled out of the tournament with a hamstring

strain. It's awesome. We

probably didn't expect it after

getting the call. But, you

know, bad luck to Jarrod and

good luck to me. Tuqiri last

played for the Kangaroos in

2002. The first match is on Saturday night against Papua

New Guinea in Sydney. The

racing industry is in shock tonight after the death of the

leading jockey Stathi Katsidis.

He was found dead at his

Brisbane home this morning while most of his rivals were doing trackwork at Mooney Valley racecourse. Stathi Katsidis

Katsidis battled against drug

issues and lost his driving

licence after being caught over

the limit in 2008. But his

alliance with Cox Plate

contender Shoot Out had given Katsidis the greatest success

in his year, with a win last

year. He thought Shoot Out was

a champion horse and loved

riding him and thought he was

the best horse he'd

ridden Shoot Out was ridden Shoot Out was expected

to be one of the few horses who

could back So You Think. While

trainer bart Cummings

disappoint fans who'd made the

early start to watch trackwork.

Jockey says the master trainer

opted to do the work at

Flemington. They said he's in great order. So all is

well. Australia may only be the

world's fifth-ranked test team, but it is still number 1 and well respected in one-day

cricket. We've been here

before and we're yet to

win. While he thinks Australia

has lost the air of

invinsability, he thinks the

looming specter of an ashes

series could be more series could be more of a

factor. How they will look at

it in between an ashes series

is something left for them. He

also declined to buy into Shane

Warne's comments on Ricky Ponting's captaincy. Warne Ponting's captaincy. Warne has

very strong opinions. With

very strong opinions. With just

two competitive games of

cricket under his belt, Brett

Lee says he's ready to play a

part against the tourists.

Ready now. I'm available to

be chosen Lee's signed up to play for wellington in the 20:

20 competition in December.

Also Phillip Hughes, in the New South Wales team to play Tasmania on Friday. I know I

can do it in all forms. Showed

that a little bit for New South

Wales over the last couple of

years Reports of a rift between Wayne Rooney and manager sir Alex Ferguson has sparked talk

of a cross-town move. Rooney

was left on the bench in

Saturday's 2-2 draw

believed to have told the club

he doesn't want to extend his

contract. Manchester city,

bank rolled by the limitless

resources is firming as a real istic destination. To istic destination. To the

weather now. A lovely spring

day today. We had a top of 18

at the airport and 19 at

Tuggeranong. Around the

region, a bit of cloud about,

rain in Nowra, top of 17, 16 at

Batemans Bay, 18 further south

along the coast, a top of 19 in

Yass, Wagga and Albury. Across

the nation, it wasn't as wet forecast. Sydney had showers and a top of the nation, it wasn't as wet as and a top of 18, forecast. Sydney

and a top of 18, but it was

clear elsewhere. Melbourne and

Hobart 17, Adelaide a sunny 20.

The satellite image shows The satellite image shows only

very thin cloud pushing over the south-east, although

there's thick cloud around

Arnhem land, triggering showers and storms. On the synoptic

chart, we can see a high

bringing a sunny day to the

south east. Tomorrow, there

are showers forecast up north

from Cairns down to Brisbane,

some storms in Darwin. Perth

also a few showers and clear

elsewhere. Sydney and

Melbourne 22, Adelaide 24.

Closer to home, and increasing sunshine

sunshine and warmer

temperatures than today. In

fact, we're expecting low 20s

in each of our

in each of our regional

centres, 21 at Batemans Bay and

Goulburn, 22 at Cooma, Albury

and Yass, 23 at Griffith and

Nowra. A lovely spring day in Canberra, top of 22, low of 4,

sunshine increasing through the

afternoon. Sunrise will have

you springing out of bed at

6.14am and evening cocktail

time ends at 7.23pm, that's

sunset. Looking ahead, warm on

Thursday, then the chance of isolated showers on Friday and

the weekend, but not too cold,

with low 20s or high teens.

Before we go, now to a breaking

story. Insurgents have

attacked the parliament in

Russia's southern chech kneea

region, killing at least four

people. Gun men stormed the building,

building, shooting dead several

people and taking hostages. A

suicide bomber killed two

guards when detonating his explosives outside. Security

forces managed to kill the attacks during a fierce

20-minute gun battle and all

hostages have now been freed.

Separatists are fighting a

bloody war for independence from Russia. from Russia. Now that's ABC

News. Before we go, a brief

recap of our top story tonight.

For the first time in nine

years there's been an official parliamentary debate on our

role in Afghanistan. The Prime

Minister said Australia would

stay there for another decade.

Borrowers can prepare for interest rate rise before the

end of the year after the

Reserve Bank revealed it's

thinking on this month's decision to

decision to keep them on hold. That's ABC News for now. You

can keep up with the latest

news on ABC 24 and ABC Online. Enjoy your evening. Good

night. Closed Captions by CSI Live. This Program is Captioned Live. This Program is Captioned

Live. Welcome to the program

and I need to explain to

viewers in Queensland, and the

Northern Territory, that

because of technical difficulty

on ABC1 this program is coming

to you earlier than the normal

time as it goes to air at 7:30

east coast day light saving

time. Shortly, we will be

looking at the impact of the

Australian dollar soaring to

its highest level in almost 30

years. But first to Canberra

where the Prime Minister, Julia

Gillard, has warned that even

if Australia's main military

mission in Afghanistan can be wound down by Australian presence would be

needed at least until 2020. In the first formal parliamentary debate

debate on the issue despite the

deaths of 21 sealediers, since

Australia's - soldiers since